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首页 中国空间站计划(China space station program)

中国空间站计划(China space station program).doc

中国空间站计划(China space station pro…

陈槽立
2018-10-06 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中国空间站计划(China space station program)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

中国空间站计划(Chinaspacestationprogram)中国空间站计划(Chinaspacestationprogram)Chinesespacestationplanaccordingtothesecondstepmannedspaceflightmissionplanning,TiangongwilllaunchChinesetargetvehicleandTiangongtwo,TempleNothree,twospacelaboratoryfromto,willlaunchunmannedspacecraft,Shenzhoueight,Shenzhounineunmanneddockingtest,unmannedspacecraftlaunchamanneddockingtestandmanneddwelltestChinesemannedspaceflightprojectspokesmansaidinOctober,thatChina'smannedspacestationprojecthasofficiallystartedtoimplement,beforeandafterwillbebuiltinlargescale,longpeopleparticipatedinthenationalspacelaboratoryProgramstepsChinaSpaceStationTiangongthreePlan(China,plans,space,station,Chinese,space,station,plan)TheChinaspacestationprogramisaspacedevelopmentplanproposedafterChinaformallyproposedthethreestepsofmannedspaceflightinThreestepplanforChina'smannedspaceflight:ThefirststepistogotoheavenThesecondstepistomoveoutofthewarehouseThethirdstepistobuildasmallspacestationWiththeShenzhoufive,Nosixinthepastfouryearshavebeensuccessfullylaunched,andChinesecarryingmorethantheastronautsinsentthegodsevenlaunch,Chinesehasactivelycompletedsecondsteptocompletethesecondstepinhistory,forthethirdsteptolayasolidfoundationforsuccessTheconstructionofspacestationrequirestheresearch,developmentandutilizationoflargethrustrocketOnlymorepowerfulrocketscouldlaunchlarger,heaviersynchronoussatellitesintogeosynchronousorbit,enablingdozensoftransponderstoworktogetherandcovermorechannelsTheChinaspacestationprogramisalsodividedintothreesteps,asfollows:Thefirststep:inSeptember,"Godseven"liftedofftorealizeastronaut'sspacewalkThesecondstep:around,"Godeight"and"Godnine"willlaunchaircraft,unmanneddockingFromto,ChinaplanstolaunchorspacelaboratoriesintospaceandwillhavemultipleshipstodockwithThethirdstep:around,"Godten"toachievedocking,andthensetupahumanspacestationAround,Chinawilllaunchaspacestation,acoremoduleandascientificexperimentalmodule,andbeginconstructionofaspacestationChinaspacestationisaspacelaboratorysystemTheplanisexpectedtotakeplacebetweenandTheprocesswillfirstlaunchunmannedspacelaboratory,followedbythecarrierrocketmannedspacecraftintospaceandlaboratorydockingremaininorbit,theastronautsfromthespaceshuttleintoadditionalperiodoflaboratoryworkTheastronauts'livingnecessitiesandmaterialsandequipmentneededfortheworkaretransportedbyspacecraft,andmannedspacecraftareparkedoutsidethelaboratoryasanemergencyrescueshipIfthelaboratoryfails,theastronautscanbesentbacktothegroundatanytimeAftertheastronautshavefinishedtheirwork,theywillreturnbyspaceshipThemannedspacestationprojectisdividedintotwostages:thespacelaboratoryandthespacestationBefore,developandlaunchaspacelaboratory,keytechnologybreakthroughandmastermediumsuchasthespacestationastronautsreside,carryacertainamountofspaceapplicationsafter,developedandlaunchedthecoreclassandexperimentalclass,onorbitassembledmannedspacestation,spacestationbreakthroughandmasterthecombinationoftheconstructionandoperationofspacetechnology,longtermmannedspaceflighttechnologyandspacetocarryoutlargescaleapplicationTheconstructionofourmannedspacestationprojectwillfullycarryoutthepreliminaryresultsofmannedspaceflightprojectandcontinuetousetheexistingShenzhouspacecraft,longmarchNotwoFcarrierrocket,launchingsiteandlandingsiteThemannedspacestationiscompleted,willbethefullrealizationofChina'smannedspacedevelopmentstrategyof"threesteps",tofurtherpromoteChina'sspacetechnologydevelopmenttoahigherlevel,willmakeanimportantcontributiontopromotetheprogressofscienceandtechnology,innovationanddevelopmentofcountriestoenhancethecomprehensivenationalstrengthandimprovingthenationalprestigeInaccordancewiththeprojectplan,ChinawilllaunchtheTiangongtargetvehicleandShenzhoueightspacecraftnextyear,andimplementtheunmannedspacecraftrendezvousanddockingtestforthefirsttimePreliminaryplanCompositionandlayoutSpacelaboratoryISSTwocabinconfigurationsareused,namely,experimentalmoduleandresourcecapsuleTheexperimentalclassbyconesection,sealedcolumnsegmentandconesections,canensurethesurvivalconditionsoftemperatureandhumidity,cabinpressureandgascompositionwereastronautscapsule,canbeusedforastronautsinorbitduringthepresenceofworkandlife,aftertheconesealinstallationoftheregenerationequipmentAdockingmechanism,rendezvousanddocking,measurementandcommunicationequipmentareinstalledatthefrontoftheexperimentalmoduletosupportrendezvousanddockingwiththespacecraftTheresourcemoduleprovidespowerfortheorbitalmaneuverandprovidesenergyfortheflighttaskFurtherunderstandingofspacecraftrendezvousanddockingtechnologyBreakthroughsinkeytechnologiessuchasmidtermresidenceofastronauts,longtermautonomousflightofaircraft,regenerationandmaintenanceofcargoships,etcVerifytheperformanceandfunctionoftheshuttleCarryoutspaceapplicationsofacertainscaleStartupimplementationThemannedspacestationprojectisdividedintotwostages:thespacelaboratoryandthespacestationBefore,developandlaunchaspacelaboratory,keytechnologybreakthroughandmastermediumsuchasthespacestationastronautsreside,carryacertainamountofspaceapplicationsafter,developedandlaunchedthecoreclassandexperimentalclass,onorbitassembledmannedspacestation,spacestationbreakthroughandmasterthecombinationoftheconstructionandoperationofspacetechnology,longtermmannedspaceflighttechnology,andtocarryoutlargescalespaceapplicationsAccordingtoreports,China'smannedspacestationconstructionprojectwillfullyinherittheearlyresultsofmannedspaceflightproject,andcontinuetousetheexistingShenzhouspacecraft,longmarchNotwoFlaunchvehicle,launchingsiteandlandingsiteThemannedspacestationiscompleted,willbethefullrealizationofChina'smannedspacedevelopmentstrategyof"threesteps",tofurtherpromoteChina'sspacetechnologydevelopmenttoahigherlevel,makeanimportantcontributiontopromotetheprogressofscienceandtechnology,innovationanddevelopmentofcountriestoenhancethecomprehensivenationalstrengthandimprovingthenationalprestigeInaccordancewiththeprojectplan,ChinawilllaunchtheTiangongtargetvehicleandShenzhoueightspacecraftnextyear,andimplementtheunmannedspacecraftrendezvousanddockingtestforthefirsttimeAstronautselectionFemalecandidateisShandongnationalityAccordingtoreports,WangYapingisatextChinesespacestationbycomputersimulationThestaticbeautyofthefemalepilots,wasborninShandongcityofYantai,shehasparticipatedinnumerouscombatdrills,fromtheWenchuanearthquakerelief,theBeijingOlympicGamesamajortaskofrainclouddissipationreductionXingLeiisintelligentpilot,whichistheonly"excellentstudents"intheflyingschoolandLiuLuread"beabrilliantmanofwidelearningAdreamofRedMansions"CaoYanyanfromJi'nan,herhusbandandmotherinlawareoutstandingpilotsSunJingYang,isa"flight"Previously,ChinesefirstastronautYangLiweionOctober,aboardtheShenzhoufive,successfullyfinishedspace,markingtheChinabecomeaftertheformerSovietUnionandtheUnitedStates,thirdhavetheabilitytosendpeopleintospacealonecountriesChinalaunchedtheShenzhousixmannedspaceshipinOctober,,andtwoastronauts,FeiJunlongandNieHaisheng,flewsmoothlyintospaceInSeptember,ChinathirdmannedspacecraftShenzhousevenlaunch,ChineseastronautsZhaiZhigang,LiuBomingandJingHaipengsuccessfullylaunched,whichmadeZhaiZhigangwearinga"flying"extravehicularspacesuitsuccessfullycompletedextravehicularmissionforthefirsttime,theimplementationofChinaextravehicularactivitiesinspaceAsoneoftheChinaseventhbatchoffemalepilots,WangYaping(in)hadparticipatedinseveralexercisesandflewcombatreadinessWenchuanearthquakereliefandothermajortasksSinceChinaannouncedthatitwillselectwomentoprepareastronautssixmonthsago,theexactcandidateshaveattractedmuchattentionTherearereportsthatlearnedfromtheseniormilitarycommandersinNPCandCPPCCChina,anewroundofastronautselectionworkhasbeensuccessfullycompleted,maleastronauts,femaleastronautsareelectedfromtheairforcepilotsofmenandwomencandidatescandidates,anddividedintogroupstoconductacomprehensiveinspectionofthephysiologicalandpsychologicaletcThisisthefirsttimesincetheimplementationofthemannedspaceprograminChina,womenhavebeenselectedforthepreparationofastronautsButthelistisstillconfidentialItisunderstoodthat,candidatesforfemaleastronauts,thereareatleastgirlsfromShandongTheyareWangYaping,XingLei,CaoYanyan,LiuLuandsunjingShandongwomencandidatesarelikelytobeelectedAmemberoftheCPPCCNationalCommittee,spacetechnologyexpertQiFarenrecentlyalsosaidthatatleastonetotwowomeninanastronauttraining,butastowhenenteringthespace,thereisnotimetableQisaid,trainedfemaleastronautsfromtheChineseAirForcepilot,accordingtotheConvention,usuallyafteryearsoftrainingtime,traininginstructorsandteachersisChineseonceintheRussianspacetraininginstitutionstrainingItisreportedthatChina"Tiangong"targetaircraftisexpectedtolaunchin,andinthenexttwoyearsandShenzhoueight,Shenzhounine,Shenzhouten,threetestrendezvousanddocking,formationofashorttermcarelaboratorySomemediasaidthatChina'snewgenerationofastronauts,especiallyfemaleastronauts,mayparticipateintheimplementationoftheabovetasksAreastobeimprovedTheinroomregenerativeenvironmentcontroltechnologyandlifesupporttechnologyandspacestationorbitflighttechnologyneedtobreakthroughOnlycapableofcarryingmorethantonsofrockets,willbeabletolaunchthecoremoduleInaddition,spacestationsalsoneedlargecarryingcargocarrierstotransportlargequantitiesofgoodsbackandforthduringtheoperationAtpresent,China'srocketcarryingcapacityisonlytonsChinaisdevelopingalargepropulsioncarrierrocket,longmarchfive,whichwillcarrymorethantonsPlannedtasksChinaspacestationmodelTiangong(circa)China'sfirstsmallspacestationanditsfirstspacelaboratory,willbedockedwiththeShenzhoueight,ShenzhounineandShenzhoutenwhichwerelaunchedlaterTiangongtwo(circa)China'ssecondspacelaboratory,isscheduledtobelaunchedafterTiangongandbeforeTiangongthree(circa)China'sthirdspacelaboratory,willbelaunchedafterTiangongtwoandbefore

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