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首页 小学英语时态讲解及练习

小学英语时态讲解及练习.doc

小学英语时态讲解及练习

hao贞
2017-09-18 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《小学英语时态讲解及练习doc》,可适用于活动策划领域

小学英语时态讲解及练习小学英语语法【一】一般现在时一般现在时基本用法介绍一、一般现在时的功能表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:Theskyisblue天空是蓝色的。表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:Igetupatsixeveryday我每天六点起床。表示客观现实。如:Theearthgoesaroundthesun地球绕着太阳转。二、一般现在时的构成be动词:肯定句:主语be(am,is,are)其它。如:Iamaboy我是一个男孩。行为动词:肯定句:主语行为动词(其它)。如:WestudyEnglish我们学习英语。当主语为第三人称单数(he,she,it)时要在动词后加"s"或"es"。如:MarylikesChinese玛丽喜欢汉语。动词s的变化规则(一般情况下直接加s如:cookcooks,(以sxshcho结尾加es如:guessguesses,washwashes,watchwatches,gogoes(以―辅音字母y‖结尾变y为i,再加es如:studystudies特殊:havehas三、一般现在时的变化be动词的变化。否定句:主语benot其它。如:Heisnotaworker他不是工人。一般疑问句:Be主语其它。如:AreyouastudentYesIamNo,I'mnot特殊疑问句:疑问词一般疑问句。如:Whereismybike行为动词的变化。否定句:主语don't(doesn't)动词原形(其它)。如:Idon'tlikebread当主语为第三人称单数时要用doesn't构成否定句。如:Hedoesn'toftenplay一般疑问句:Do(Does)主语动词原形其它。如:DoyouoftenplayfootballYes,IdoNo,Idon't当主语为第三人称单数时要用does构成一般疑问句。如:DoesshegotoworkbybikeYes,shedoesNo,shedoesn't特殊疑问句:疑问词一般疑问句,如:Howdoesyourfathergotowork一般现在时用法练习一、出下列动词的第三人称单数drinkgostaymakelookhavepasscarrycomewatchplantflystudybrushdoteachlikeplayreadwashbe二、用括号内动词的适当形式填空。Heoften(have)dinkeyesterdayThey(play)chessintheclassroomlastPElessonMymother(cook)anicefoodlastSpringFestivalThegirls(sing)and(dance)attheparty(二)句型转换SuHaitooksomephotosattheSportsday否定句:一般疑问句:肯、否定回答:Nancywenttoschoolearly否定句:一般疑问句:肯、否定回答:WesangsomeEnglishsongs否定句:一般疑问句:肯、否定回答:行为动词的过去时练习二(一)用be动词的适当形式填空I(watch)acartoononSaturdayHerfather(read)anewspaperlastnightWetozooyesterday,wetothepark(go)you(visit)yourrelativeslastSpringFestivalhe(fly)akiteonSundayYes,heGaoShan(pull)upcarrotslastNationalDayholidayI(sweep)theflooryesterday,butmymotherWhatshe(find)inthegardenlastmorningShe(find)abeautifulbutterfly(二)句型转换Theyplayedfootballintheplayground否定句:一般疑问句:肯、否定回答:汉译英格林先生去年住在中国。昨天我们参观了农场。他刚才在找他的手机。(一)用动词的适当形式填空It(be)Ben‘sbirthdaylastFridayWeall(have)agoodtimelastnightHe(jump)highonlastSportsDayHelen(milk)acowonFridayShelikesnewspapers,butsheabookyesterday(read)Hefootballnow,buttheybasketballjustnow(play)Jim‘smother(plant)treesjustnowthey(sweep)theflooronSundayNo,theyI(watch)acartoononMondayWe(go)toschoolonSunday一、用动词的适当形式填空It(be)thendofNovemberyesterdayMrWhite(go)tohisofficebycarGaoShan(put)thebookonhisheadamomentagoDon‘tthehouseMumityesterday(clean)WhatyoujustnowIsomehousework(do)They(make)akiteaweekagoIwanttoapplesButmydadallofthemlastmonth(pick)hetheflowersthismorningYes,he(water)She(be)aprettygirlLook,she(do)ChinesedancesThestudentsoften(draw)somepicturesintheartroomWhatMikedoonthefarmHecows(milk)小学英语语法(五)(Have、Has和Therebe结构)一、Have、Has和Therebe结构、Therebe结构包括thereistherearetherewastherewere、意思都是"有"。、和have、has、had的区别:()Therebe句型表示:在某地有某物(或人)()在therebe句型中主语是单数be动词用is主语是复数be动词用are如有几件物品be动词根据最近be动词的那个名词决定。即遵循就近原则。()therebe句型的否定句在be动词后加not,一般疑问句把be动词调到句首。()therebe句型与have(has)的区别:therebe表示在某地有某物(或人)have(has)表示某人拥有某物。()some和any在therebe句型中的运用:some用于肯定句any用于否定句或疑问句。()and和or在therebe句型中的运用:and用于肯定句or用于否定句或疑问句。()针对数量提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:Howmany名词复数arethere介词短语,Howmuch不可数名词isthere介词短语,()针对主语提问的特殊疑问句的基本结构是:What's介词短语,()Therebe结构一般用在句子的开头而have等词只能用于某一个主语后面。Fillintheblankwith―have,has‖or―thereis,thereare‖IagoodfatherandagoodmotheratelescopeonthedeskHeataperecorderabasketballintheplaygroundShesomedressesTheyanicegardenWhatdoyouareadingroominthebuildingWhatdoesMikeanybooksinthebookcaseMyfatherastorybookastorybookonthetableanyflowersinthevaseHowmanystudentsintheclassroomMyparentssomenicepicturessomemapsonthewallamapoftheworldonthewallDavidatelescopeDavid‘sfriendssometentsmanychildrenonthehill用恰当的be动词填空。、Therealotofsweetsinthebox、Theresomemilkintheglass、Theresomepeopleunderthethebigtree、Thereapictureandamaponthewall、Thereaboxofrubbersnearthebooks、Therelotsofflowersinourgardenlastyear、Thereatinofchickenbehindthefridgeyesterday、TherefourcupsofcoffeeonthetableFillintheblankwith―have,has‖IanicepuppetHeagoodfriendTheysomemasksWesomeflowersSheaduckMyfatheranewbikeHermotheravaseOurteacheranEnglishbookOurteachersabasketballTheirparentssomeblanketsNancymanyskirtsDavidsomejacketsMyfriendsafootballWhatdoyouWhatdoesMikeWhatdoyourfriendsWhatdoesHelenHisbrotherabasketballHersisteranicedollMissLianEnglishbook小学英语语法复习要点名词可数名词:表示可以具体个别存在的人或物。可数名词有单复数形式其单数形式与不定冠词aan连用。可数名词复数规则:(一般情况下直接加s如:bookbooks,bagbags,catcats,bedbeds(以sxshch结尾加es如:busbuses,boxboxes,brushbrushes,watchwatches(以―辅音字母y‖结尾变y为i,再加es如:familyfamilies,strawberrystrawberries(以―f或fe‖结尾变f或fe为v,再加es如:knifeknives(以结尾o的通常有生命的加es,无生命的加s如:两人三物:黑人Negro、英雄hero马铃薯potato、西红柿tomato、芒果mango。(不规则名词复数:manmen,womanwomen,policemanpolicemen,policewomanpolicewomen,mousemicechildchildrenfootfeet,toothteethfishfish,peoplepeople,sheepsheep,ChineseChinese,JapaneseJapanese不可数名词:表示不能个别存在的事物如液体类气体类的物质少数固体类的物质(grass草ice冰)抽象的名词(help帮助music音乐)。不可数名词没有复数(如somewater),不能与不定冠词aan连用。不可数名词:paperjuicewatermilkriceteabreadhairorangetimechicken、不可数名词没有复数形式。、数量容器of不可数名词如:acupoftea一杯茶数量单位of不可数名词如:apieceofbread一片面包练习:一瓶水两瓶水一袋大米三袋大米一盒牛奶四盒牛奶一张纸十张纸一公斤鸡肉十五公斤鸡肉写出下列各词的复数photodiarydaydressthiefyoyopeachjuicewaterriceteamanwomanbananabuschildfootsheepleaf(树叶)dishknifepenboybabymapcityboxbookclasseyeofficecarfox(狐狸)watchlibrarypearskirtshelfcinematomatotoothwifeEnglishmanpapermilkFrenchmanpostmanfamilymousepeople(人们)fishbrushmangoJapanesesandwichpolicemanwatermelonChinesestrawberrymatchglass小学英语语法复习要点名词所有格、名词所有格表示所属关系,相当于物主代词,在句中作定语、宾语或主语。其构成法如下:()表示人或其它有生命的东西的名词常在词尾加‘s。如:Childern‘sDay(儿童节),mysister‘sbook(我姐姐的书)()以s或es结尾的复数名词。只在词尾加‘。如:Teachers‘Day(教师节)()有些表示时间、距离以及世界、国家、城镇等无生命的名词,也可在词尾加‘s如:today‘snewspaper(今天的报纸),tenminutes‘break(十分钟的课间休息),China‘spopulation(中国的人口)()无论表示有生命还是无生命的东西的名词,一般均可用介词of短语来表示所有关系。如:afinedaughteroftheParty(党的好女儿)、注解:s还可以表示某人的家或者某个店铺,如:myaunt‘s(我阿姨家),thedoctor‘s(诊所)两人共有某物时,可以采用AandB‘s的形式,如:LucyandLily‘sbedroom(露西和丽丽合住的卧室)―of名词所有格名词性物主代词‖,称为双重所有格,如:afriendofmyfather‘s(我父亲的一位朋友),afriendofmine(我的一位朋友)短语翻译:我的的爷爷杰姆的房间我奶奶的钱包那些学生的书这些工人的外套那些小孩的父母那些男人的帽子那间教室的窗户海伦的同学这些男孩的床汤姆的姑父我兄弟的钢笔那些老师的书桌这些医生的杯子那些女孩的座位那些女人的自行车那些警察的裤子那个书包的颜色小学英语语法复习要点代词一代词:代词是代替名词以及起名词作用的短语、分句和句子的词。二代词的种类:人称代词和物主代词、人称代词主格和宾格的区别:主格通常位于句中第一个动词之前(有时候位于than之后)宾格一般位于动词或介词之后。、物主代词形容词性与名词性的区别:形容词性用时后面一般要带上名词名词性则单独使用后面不带名词。人称代词物主代词主格宾格形容词性名词性我Ime我的mymine你你们youyou你的你们的youryours他hehim他的hishis她sheher她的herhers它itit它的itsits我们weus我们的ourours他(她它)们theythem他(她它)们的theirtheirs单数复数人称代词主格I,you,he,she,it,we,you,they宾格me,you,him,her,it,us,you,them物主代词形容词性的物主代词my,your,his,her,its,our,your,their名词性的物主代词mine,yours,his,hers,its,ours,yours,theirs反身代词myself,yourself,himself,herself,itself,ourselves,yourselves,themselves相互代词有:eachother,oneanother指示代词:this,that,these,those,疑问代词who,what,whose关系代词which,that,who,whom连接代词what,who,whose不定代词没有指明代替任何特定名词或形容词的代词叫做不定代词all,each,both,either,neither,one,any三代词的使用方法人称代词是表示―我‖、―你‖、―他‖、―她‖、―它‖、―我们‖、―你们‖、―他们‖的词。人称代词有人称、数和格的变化。物主代词表示所有关系的代词也可叫做代词所有格。物主代词分形容性物主代词和名词性物主代词二种。表示―我自己‖、―你自己‖、―他自己‖、―我们自己‖、―你们自己‖和―他们自己‖等的代词叫做自身代词也称为―反身代词‖。注意:在连续使用两个以上人称代词时通常单数you放在第一位I放在最后复数we放在第一位they放在最后。简单记成:单数,,复数,,。都是三人称女后男在先。例如:YouandIcanhelpeachotherTheycouldnthaveseenTomandmethereYou,TomandIareleavingnextmonthYouortheymustpasstheexamWe,youandtheyshouldgotheretogether练习题:ThatisnotkiteThatkiteisverysmall,butisverybig(I)ThedressisGiveitto(she)Isthiswatch(you)No,it‘snot(I)ismybrothernameisJackLook!Thosestampsare(he)dressesarered(we)Whatcolourare(you)Herearemanydolls,whichoneis(she)Icanfindmytoy,butwhere‘s(you)Showyourkite,OK(they)IhaveabeautifulcatnameisMimiThesecakesare(it)AretheseticketsNo,arenotaren‘there(they)ShallhavealookatthatclassroomThatisclassroom(we)ismyauntDoyouknowjobanurse(she)Thatisnotcameraisathome(he)WhereareIcan‘tfindLet‘scallparents(they)Don‘ttouchnotacat,atiger!sisterisillPleasegoandget(she)don‘tknowhernameWouldyoupleasetell(we)SomanydogsLet‘scount(they)IhavealovelybrotherisonlyIlikeverymuch(he)MayIsitbeside(you)LookatthatdeskThosebookareon(it)Thegirlbehindisourfriend(she)一、用所给词的适当形式填空ThatisnotkiteThatkiteisverysmall,butisverybig(I)ThedressisGiveitto(she)Isthiswatch(you)No,it’snot(I)ismybrothernameisJackLook!Thosestampsare(he)dressesarered(we)Whatcolourare(you)Herearemanydolls,whichoneis(she)Icanfindmytoy,butwhere’s(you)Showyourkite,OK(they)IhaveabeautifulcatnameisMimiThesecakesare(it)AretheseticketsNo,arenotaren’there(they)ShallhavealookatthatclassroomThatisclassroom(we)ismyauntDoyouknowjobanurse(she)Thatisnotcameraisathome(he)WhereareIcan’tfindLet’scallparents(they)Don’ttouchnotacat,atiger!sisterisillPleasegoandget(she)don’tknowhernameWouldyoupleasetell(we)SomanydogsLet’scount(they)IhavealovelybrotherisonlyIlikeverymuch(he)MayIsitbeside(you)LookatthatdeskThosebookareon(it)Thegirlbehindisourfriend(she)小学英语语法复习要点基数词和序数词基数词序数词zeroonefirstst第一twosecondnd第二threethirdrd第三fourfourthth第四fivefifthth第五sixsixthth第六sevenseventhth第七eighteighthth第八nineninthth第九tententhth第十eleveneleventhth第十一twelvetwelfthth第十二thirteenthirteenthth第十三fourteenfourteenthth第十四fifteenfifteenthth第十五sixteensixteenthth第十六seventeenseventeenthth第十七eighteeneighteenthth第十八nineteennineteenthth第十九twentytwentiethth第二十Twentyonetwentyfirstst第二十一Twentytwotwentysecondnd第二十二Twentythreetwentythirdrd第二十三thirtythirtiethth第三十fortyfortiethth第四十fiftyfiftiethth第五十sixtysixtiethth第六十seventyseventiethth第七十eightyeightiethth第八十ninetyninetiethth第九十hundredhundredthth第一百基数词变序数词变化规则基变序有规律词尾th加上去特殊记词尾字母t,d,d(first,second,third)少t,减e(eighteighthnineninth)ve要用f替(fivefifthtwelvetwelfth)见y变成i和e再加th莫忘记(twentytwentieth)若要遇到几十几只变个位就可以。(forty–fourforty–fouth)小学英语复习要点介词:、介词的主要用法:介词是一种虚词,不能独立使用。介词之后一般有名词或代词(宾格)或相当于名词的其他词类、短语或从句作它的宾语,即构成介词短语。有些介词是由两个以上的词构成的短语介词,如:outof(从…中出来),awayfrom(距离…),nextto(在…隔壁),infrontof(在…前方)等。、介词的分类表:(见下表)地点(位置、范围)介词:after在…后面,at在…处,before在前,behind在后,beside在旁边,between在之间,from来自,in在里面,near靠近,on在上面,outside在外面,under在下方,infrontof在前,inthemiddleof在的中间,atthebackof在的后部,等等。方向(目标趋向)介词:along沿着,around绕着,at朝着,down向…下,for向,from从离,in进入,into进入,near接近,off脱离除,outof向外,outside向外,to向朝,up向上,awayfrom远离时间介词:about大约,after在…以后,at在…(时刻),before在…以前,for有…(之久),from从…(时)起,in在(上下午)on在(某日),past过了…(时),to到(下一时刻),方式介词:as作为当作,by用由乘坐被,in用…(语言),like与…一样,on骑(车)徒(步),with用(材料),用(手脚耳眼),涉及介词:about关于,in在…(方面),of…的,有关,to对…而言,with就…而言其它介词:【目的介词】for为了,to为了…【比较介词】as与…一样,like象…一样,than比,to与…相比少,【伴随状态介词】at在(上班休息上学家,etc),in穿着…(衣服颜色),on在(值日),with与…一起,有带着长着、介词短语的句法作用:介词短语相当于一个形容词或副词,可用作状语、定语和表语。如:Themancame<downthestairs>(状)(那个人走下楼来)Thewoman<withafloweronherhead>isfromthecountryside(定)(头上戴花的妇女来自乡下)Theteacherisnowwiththestudents(表)(老师现在和学生在一起)、介词短语在句子中的位置:介词短语做状语时,如果表示时间地点,可以放在句首或句尾,如果表示方向方式伴随涉及原因目的比较,一般放在句尾介词短语作表语时放在连系动词之后介词短语作定语时,只能放在被修饰的名词之后。如:HewantedtofindagoodjobinShanghaithenextyear(状语)(他想来年在上海找份好工作)Theysearchedtheroomforthethief(他们在房间里搜索小偷)Thelettersareforyou(表语)(信是给你的)Haveyouseenacatwithablackheadandfourwhitelegs(定语)(你看见一只黑头白腿的猫了吗,)、重要注释:thisthatthesethoselastnextaeveryeach等词构成的时间短语,前面不用任何介词。如:EveryyeartravellersfromabroadcometovisitPingyao(每年都有国外的游客来游览平窑镇)Hehadabadcoldthatweek(那个星期他患重感冒)记住一些固定词组:onfoot(步行),atnight(在晚上),playwith(玩耍……),lookoutof(朝…外面看),withone‘shelp(在…的帮助下),lookafter(照料…),lookfor(寻找…),onabike(=bybike)骑车,helpsbwith(帮某人做…)等等。、某些介词的用法辨析:时间或地点介词in、on、at的用法区别:表示时间时,in表示在一段时间里(在将来时句子中则表示在一段时间之后),on表示在具体的某一天或者某天的上下午等,at表示在某个时刻或者瞬间表示地点时,in表示在某个范围之内,on表示在某个平面上或与一个面相接触,at则表示在某个具体的场所或地点。如:HewasbornonthemorningofMayth(他出生于五月十日的早晨)Iusuallygetupat:inthemorning(我通常在早上的七点钟起床)Hisglassesarerightonhisnose(他的眼镜就架在他的鼻子上)Heisatthecinemaatthemoment(此刻他正在电影院)after与in表示时间的用法区别:―after(具体时刻从句)‖表示―在…时刻之后‖常用于一般时态―in(一段时间)‖表示―在(多久)之后‖,常用于将来时态。如:Hesaidthathewouldbehereafter:(他说他六点钟之后会来这儿)MyfatheriscomingbackfromEnglandinaboutamonth(我父亲大约一个月以后从英国回来)by、in与with表示方式的用法区别:都可以表示―工具、手段‖,但是by主要表示―乘坐‖某个交通工具或―以……方式‖,in表示―使用‖某种语言文字,with表示―使用‖某个具体的工具、手段。如:Weseewithoureyesandwalkwithourfeet(我们用眼睛看东西,用双脚走路)Pleasewritethatarticle(文章)inEnglish(请你用英语写那篇文章)Let‘sgotothezoobytaxi(我们打的去动物园吧。)ItwaswrittenbyLaoShe(那是老舍写的)infrontof与inthefrontof:infrontof―在…的前面‖,与inthefrontof―在…的前部‖。如:Acarwasparkinginfrontofthehall(大厅跟前停着一辆汽车)Inthefrontofthehallstoodabigdesk(大厅前部立着一个大讲台)用适当的介词填空:TomistheboyglassesPleasereadsomebooksChinesemedicineSheworksinthedayandhasarestnightMyuncleworksafarmMrBlackandYangLingaretalkingapartyShewantsbuyasweaterherdaughterIt‘samapChinaLet‘shavealookthepictureWhat‘sthatChineseI‘mClassOneThereisaclockthewalltheclassroomCanyouseeanapplethetreeNo,ButIcanseeabirdthetreeThereisapursehereThereisaboatthelakeTherearemanykitestheskyWhatclothesisshewearingSheisredCanyouseetheboythebikeThewomanayellowdressismymotherWhocanyouseethepictureWho‘sthemanyourmotherandfatherGaoShangetsup:themorningWedon‘thaveclassesSundaymorningWhatdoyouoftendoSaturdayCanyouhelpmemymathsWhat‘swrongyouWho‘sdutyIt‘stimesupperShecan‘tfindthewaySosheasksthepolicemanhelpAmanShanghaigoestotheparkhisdaughterYoursocksarethedeskPutthemawayYoumustlookyourthingsMysisterisdrawingapicturecrayonsI‘mthirstyWhatyouWhatwouldyoulikebreakfastHeisAmericanHeistheUSAHeishomeHeisn‘tschoolThelunchourschoolisgoodHeisplayingayouyouIamgoodrunningTomdoeswelljumpingThegirlsplaycardsclassTaketheoldcoatPutthenewoneI‘mlookingmydogIcan‘tfinditTheyaretalkingMrGreenTheyaretalkthefilmThecatisrunningthemousePeterlookshisfatherHeislearningFrenchthetapeFrenchmencomeFrancePleasewritemesoonJackgoestoschoolfootJimgoestoschoolbikeThefarmisnotfarhishomeDon‘tbelateschoolShe‘sillShestaysbedalldayTherearealotofpeopleRedAppleHotelThesupermarketisopen:am:pmTheyaregettingthebusWeareplayingfootballtheplaygroundweekends,whendoyougetupThebookshopisnotShanghaiStreet,itisBeijingRoadDon‘tlaughanyoneHelooks,thereisnoonenearbyThethiefisrunningtheshopThehospitaliskilometerstheshoppingcenterClassOneisClassTwoThereisarivermyhouseTheyarewalkingthelake冠词、冠词分类及读法:英语中冠词有不定冠词和定冠词两种,常放在名词的前面,用来限定名词的意义,起泛指或特指的作用。定冠词the读法:单独念时读Ti:,在句子中常发Ti(元音之前)或者T(辅音之前)不定冠词aan的读法:单独念时读eiAn在句子中常发n。、不定冠词aan的用法:不定冠词aan用在单数名词的前面,a用在辅音因音素开头的词前面an用在元音音素开头的词的前面。不定冠词的基本用法:()表示某一个人或东西,但不具体说明何人或何物。如:Thereisadoglyingontheground(有一只狗躺在地上。)()表示某类人或事物,以区别于其他种类。如:Aelephantismuchstrongerthanaman(大象比人强壮多了。)(不能译为:一头大象比一个人强壮。)()表示某类人或事物中的任何一个。如:HeisateacherofEnglish(他是英语教师。)()表示―一‖这个数量。如:Thereisatableandfourchairsinthatdiningroom(在那个餐厅里有一张桌子和四把椅子。)()几个用不定冠词的习语:abit(一点),alittle(一点),afew(几个),alot(许多),akindof(一种),apairof(一副、一双),anumberof(大量的),apieceof(一张、一片),halfanhour(半小时),haveagoodtime(玩得开心),haveacold(感冒),makeanoise(发出嘈杂声),havetakea(rest等)(休息)一会儿,等等。、定冠词the的用法:定冠词the用在可数名词的单数或复数或不可数的名词前面。定冠词的基本用法:()表示特指的人或事物。如:ThemanwithaflowerinhishandisJack(手上拿着一朵花的男人是杰克)()指谈话双方都熟悉的人或事物。如:Lookattheblackboard,Lily(莉莉,请看黑板。)()复述前面提到过的人或事物。如:ThereisamanunderthetreeThemaniscalledRobert(树下有个人,那个人叫罗伯特。)()表示世界上独一无二的事物。如:Theearthturnsaroundthesun(地球绕太阳旋转。)()用在表示方位的名词前面。如:TherewillbestrongwindtothesouthoftheYangtzeRiver(长江以南地区将会刮大风。)()在序数词和形容词最高级的前面。如:Whoisthefirstonetogo(谁第一个去,)Ofallthestars,thesunisthenearesttotheearth(在所有的恒星之中太阳离地球最近)()常用在乐器名称的前面。如:Hebegantoplaytheviolinattheageof(五岁时他开始拉小提琴)()用在江河、海洋、山脉等名称的前面。如:IhaveneverbeentotheHimalayaMountains(我从来没有去过喜马拉雅山)()用在含有普通名词的专有名词的前面。如:HeisfromtheUnitedStatesofAmerica(他来自美利坚合众国)()用在姓氏之前表示一家人。如:TheGreensaregoingtoMountEmeinextmonth(下个月格林一家要去峨眉山)()same之前一般用the。如:LucyandLilylookthesame(露西和莉莉看上去长得一样)()几个用定冠词的习语:atthesametime(与此同时),makethebed(铺床),intheend(最后),allthetime(一直),bytheway(顺便说一下),ontheway(在路上)等等。、一些不用冠词的情况:()专有名词和(第一次使用)一些不可数名词时前面通常不用。如:Chinaisaverylargecountry(中国是个大国)Manneedsairandwater(人类需要空气和水)()名词前已有指示、物主或不定代词作定语时不用。如:Mypenismuchmoreexpensivethanyours(我的钢笔比你的昂贵多了)()周名,月名或季节名前一般不用。如:HewasbornonMonday,February,(他出生在年二月十八日,星期一)Theyusuallyplanttreesonthehillsinspring(春天他们通常在山上植树)()(第一次使用)复数名词表示人或事物的类别时不用。如:Menareclevererthanmonkeys(人比猴子聪明)()三餐饭前不用。如:Wehavebreakfastathomeandlunchatschool(我们在家吃早饭,在校吃午饭)()节、假日前一般不用。如:OnChildren‘sDaytheboysoftengetpresentsfromtheirparents(在儿童节,这些男孩经常得到父母的礼物)()球类名词前不用。如:ThechildrenplayfootballonSaturdayafternoons(孩子们星期六下午踢足球)()城市的重要主要建筑物名称前不用。如:TheyarenowatPeople‘sCinema(他们此刻在人民电影院)()一些习惯用语中不用。如:attofromoutofafterforschoolintoforafterclassintooutofintobedafteratfromoutoftoworkattoseainfromdowntotownatfromhomeatfortobreakfastlunchsupperatnightnoonmidnightonfootgotoschoolbedontopofinfrontofonshowdisplaydutywatchinoutofhospitalatallonintimeatfirstlastonceinChineseEnglish,etctakecareof小学英语语法复习要点形容词和副词的比较级复习及练习一、形容词的比较级、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more,alittle来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。(形容词加er的规则:一般在词尾加er以字母e结尾加r以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾应双写末尾的辅音字母再加er以―辅音字母y‖结尾先把y变i再加er。(不规则形容词比较级:goodbetter,beautifulmorebeautiful二、副词的比较级(形容词与副词的区别(有be用形有形用be有动用副有副用动)在句子中形容词一般处于名词之前或be动词之后副词在句子中最常见的是处于实义动词之后(副词比较级的变化规则基本与形容词比较级相同(不规则变化:wellbetter,farfarther)表示两者之间没有差别时,使用句型:主语(第一个人物)谓语动词as形容词副词原级as第二个人物…如:Lilyranasslowasanoldwoman(莉莉跑得像老太太一样慢)Theypickedasmanyapplesasthefarmers(他们摘的苹果和农民一样多)表示第一个人比不上第二个人时,使用句型:主语(第一个人物)谓语动词(否定式)as形容词副词原级as第二个人物…如:Lilydidnotrunasslowasanoldwoman(莉莉跑得不像老太太那样慢)Theydidn‘tpickasmanyapplesasthefarmers(他们摘的苹果不如农民多)三、练习一)、写出下列形容词或副词的比较级oldyoungtalllongshortstrongbigsmallfatthinheavylightnicegoodbeautifulhighslowfastlowlateearlyfarwell二)、根据句意填入单词的正确形式:Mybrotheristwoyears(old)thanmeTomisas(fat)asJimIsyoursister(young)thanyouYes,sheisWhois(thin),youorHelenHelenisWhosepencilboxis(big),yoursorhersHersisMary‘shairisas(long)asLucy‘sBen(jump)(high)thansomeoftheboysinhisclassNancysing(well)thanHelenYes,sheFangfangisnotas(tall)astheothergirlsMyeyesare(big)than(she)Whichis(heavy),theelephantorthepigWhogetsup(early),TimorTomthegirlsgetup(early)thantheboysNo,theyJimruns(slow)ButBenruns(slow)Thechilddoesn‘t(write)as(fast)asthestudents三)、翻译句子:、谁比Jim年纪大,是你。isthanJim,are、谁比David更强壮,是GaoShanthanDavidGaoShan、谁的铅笔更长他的还是她的,我想是她的。pencilis,or,is,Ithink、谁的苹果更重你的姐姐的还是你的弟弟的,我的弟弟的。apples,youroryourMy、你和你的叔叔一样高吗,是的。asasyouruncleYes,Iam、他和他的朋友Jim一样年轻。HeasasJim、她和她的双胞胎哥哥一样胖吗,不她比他瘦。asastwinNo,thanhimYangLing每天睡得比SuYang晚。YangLingtothanSuYangeveryday我跳得和Mike一样远。IasasMikeTom比你跑得快吗,不是的,他和我跑得一样快。TomthanyouNo,heHeasas多做运动你会更强壮。moreexercise,you‘llsoon我的科学很好但是语文不好。IatScienceButIdon‘twellinChinese你放风筝比王兵放得高吗,不我比他放得低。youthekitethanWangbingNo,Iitthan我喜欢游泳。我所有的朋友都游得比我慢。IlikeAllmythanme我的姐姐起得比我早。Myupthanme女孩比男孩唱得好吗,是的。thegirlstheboysYes,they她不擅长体育。但我跳得没有她高。Shedoesn‘tinPEButIdon‘tthan你足球踢得比你的同班同学好吗,不他们踢得和我一样好。youfootballthanyourclassmatesNo,theyasasme(我母亲比我父亲年纪小。Mythanmy她的毛衣和我的一样重。sweaterasas我的连衣裙太短了。我想买一条大点的。MydresstooIwanttoaoneI'mtallerthanMike(该成用原级的比较)I'masasMike小学英语语法复习要点系动词Be(am,is,are)的用法一、请记住以下口诀:我I用am你you用areis连着he他she她it它单数用is,复数永远连着are。变疑问be往前提句末问号莫丢弃。变否定更容易be后not莫忘记。疑问否定任你变句首大写莫迟疑。二、Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:(am和is在一般过去时中变为was。(wasnot=wasn’t)(are在一般过去时中变为were。(werenot=weren’t)(带有was或were的句子其否定、疑问的变化和am,is,are一样即否定句在was或were后加not一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。相关练习题一、用am,is,are填空IaboyyouaboyNo,InotThegirlJack'ssisterThedogtallandfatThemanwithbigeyesateacheryourbrotherintheclassroomWhereyourmotherSheathomeHowyourfatherMikeandLiuTaoatschoolWhosedressthisWhosesockstheyThatmyredskirtWhoIThejeansonthedeskHereascarfforyouHeresomesweatersforyouThetwocupsofmilkformeSometeaintheglassGaoshan'sshirtoverthereMysister'snameNancyThisnotWangFang'spencilDavidandHelenfromEnglandThereagirlintheroomTheresomeapplesonthetreethereanykitesintheclassroomthereanyapplejuiceinthebottleTheresomebreadontheplateYou,heandIfromChinaThereaboy,twogirls,threemenandtenwomeninthepark祈使句表示请求或命令别人做某事或不要做某事。肯定祈使句一定是以动词原形开头(有时有please)否定的祈使句一定是don‘t加动词原形开头(有时有please)。把祈使句改为否定句只需在动词前加don‘t即可。情态动词:我们现在学过的情态动词有:can,could,will,would,may,must,should,shall。情态动词后动词总是用原形。(不受其他任何条件影响)缩略形式写出下列词的完全形式can'tI'daren'tthey'relet'swasn'tthat'sdon'twhen'sdidn'tyou'redoesn'the'sshe'sI'misn'tI'veshouldn'tI'llwho's特殊疑问句What(问什么事,什么Whatareyoudoing,I‘mreading物或什么工作)WhatisthatIt‘sabook,hatisshe(What‘sherjob)She‘sanurseWhatcolour(问颜色)WhatcolourisyourcoatIt‘sredWhatshape(问形状)WhatshapeisthemoonIt‘sacircleWhattime(时间)WhattimeisitIt‘ssevenWhat‘sthetimeWhat……job(职业)What‘syourjobI‘mastudentWhattimewhenWhattimeWhendoyougetupIgetupatsixthirty(什么时候)WhenisyourbirthdayIt‘sonthestofDecemberWhich(哪一个)Whichisyourwatch,theyellowoneorthewhiteoneTheyellowismineWho(谁)WhoisthemanwithabignoseHe‘smyuncleWhose(谁的)WhosebagisitIt‘shisbagWhoseisthisbagWhere(哪里)WhereismyballpenIt‘sunderthebookWhy(为什么)WhydoyoulikesummerIlikesummerbecause…Howmany(多少)HowmanybooksarethereintheschoolbagTherearefourbooksintheschoolbagHowold(几岁)HowoldistheyoungmanHe‘snineteenHowmuch(多少钱)HowmuchisthetoybearIt‘selevenyuanHow(怎么样)HowdoyougotoschooleverydayIgotoschoolbycarHowfar(多远)HowfarisitfromhereIt‘skilometersawayHowabout(怎么样)IlikepandasHowaboutyouMeto
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