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首页 晚上经常做恶梦是什么原因

晚上经常做恶梦是什么原因.doc

晚上经常做恶梦是什么原因

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2017-10-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《晚上经常做恶梦是什么原因doc》,可适用于综合领域

晚上经常做恶梦是什么原因晚上经常做恶梦是什么原因最典型的恶梦就是创伤梦创伤梦是指梦者以往有较为险恶的经历或严重的精神创伤这些经历和创伤时常在梦中重现梦者常因惊恐不安在睡眠中醒来以致醒后无法入眠这些经历或精神创伤可以是各种各样的如偶遇车祸横遭抢劫经历地震、火灾、溺水被人强奸等这些事情往往是突如其来的梦者完全没有思想、精神准备一般来说这类梦属于正常心理情况下产生的梦但这类恶梦从再现到消失往往要经历一个相当长的时间为什么呢可以这样解释这是人为了迫使自己去接受一个几乎不能接受的事实把一个不可想象的经历变成记忆能够容纳的东西虽然这种梦随着时间的推移它重现的次数会逐渐减少强度会逐渐减弱最后彻底消失但它每一次重现都会给梦者带来痛苦的回忆以致醒后彻夜难眠影响白天的精力、精神状态久而久之患者还会出现心理障碍恶梦一般发生在异相睡眠期异相睡眠期在后半夜的睡眠中占的比例较高所以恶梦多发生在后半夜恶梦不仅与现实有关还与人的性格有关性格内向、斤斤计较、胆小怕事、性格懦弱的人易做恶梦中医是怎样治疗恶梦证的恶梦是指梦境内容恐怖可怕惊醒后常因梦境强烈而伴有严重的焦虑与恐惧状态现代医学亦称为梦中焦虑发作中医中药治疗主要有以下几种方法:responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManaentplans,qualityplans,细辛、薄荷各g黄连g()单方验方生龙齿、生牡蛎各g茯神g甘草g水煎服小定志丸:人参g菖蒲、远志各g茯苓、茯神各g辰砂g(吞服)生姜g水煎服()心理疗法:本病的心理调整也很关键详细内容参见有关条文哪些因素常可诱发做恶梦恶梦一般发生在眼快动睡眠阶段在睡眠的中后期眼快动睡眠所占的比例最大所以恶梦也多发生在这一段时间恶梦与夜惊症不同恶梦时的梦境清清楚楚犹如身临其境所以作梦者显得异常恐怖醒来时呈现典型的交感肾上腺素系统兴奋状态如心悸、气促、出冷汗等从临床实际来看恶梦常与现实生活、人格因素及药物因素有关()现实因素:常言道:“日有所思、夜有所想”如生活中遇到感情纠葛、惊恐的事件等就常作恶梦恶梦多在精神压抑性因素解除时发生如高考刚结束离婚手续刚办完一场官司刚结案等这时较易发生恶梦()人格因素:俗话说:“平生不做亏心事半夜叫门心不惊”一个人如果大公无私、行为磊落、与人为善、心情舒畅自然很少作恶梦而斤斤计较个人得失、终日愁眉不展心情不舒生就的前怕狼后怕虎的性格却偏偏想寻机与虎狼谋合这种人必然常作恶梦一些杀人responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,犯、被追捕的逃犯整夜恶梦不断惊魂不定一些胆小怕事生性懦弱的人也容易作恶梦()药物因素:以前经常使用利血平作为降血压药物久用此药会引起抑郁症而抑郁症的早期表现主要是失眠和恶梦有些药物(如催眠药物、中枢兴奋药物)长期服用突然停止后一周内眼快动睡眠可明显增加甚至可占到左右此时最易出现恶梦::*举报恶梦是人睡眠时因心跳过快过慢引起的一种恐惧感。其中心跳过快会引起被追赶的恶梦心动过慢或早搏会引起人悬空、人下落的恶梦。古希腊科学家亚里士多德曾经预言:恶梦很可能是疾病的先兆。古罗马著名医生林格在自己的著作中记载了这样一件事:有个男子经常梦见自己的左腿沉重如石迈不开步没多久他果然左腿瘫痪了。近代的一些生理学家、心理学家和医学家也在不断地摸索恶梦与疾病的关系。根据他们的研究总是梦见蜘蛛、毒蛇等可怕的动物往往是皮肤将起疹的预兆反复梦见被人追赶、从悬崖跌下、想喊又喊不出的要注意心脏的病变经常梦见脑部受压、呼吸困难的要留神肺部的疾病常常梦见自己吃臭鱼、烂虾等腐烂食物也许是胃肠道疾病的先兆。为什么这些恶梦会成为疾病的先兆呢因为疾病初起时病人虽然尚未觉察但是体内已经出现了潜伏的病变白天人们在觉醒时外界大量的刺激信号传入大脑。这时大脑忙于对外界信息的加工处理responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,相比之下疾病初起时的微弱刺激信息便显得"无足轻重"了。此外大脑对这种轻度的症状有一种调节和适应的功能所以人体也就没有什么感觉了。但是晚上睡觉时情况就大为不同了。这时大脑的很多细胞已进入"休息"状态外界很多强刺激信号已经无法传入大脑协调和适应的功能也大为下降。于是身体内部潜伏病变的异常信号便可以使大脑相应部位的细胞活跃起来。此时恶梦便应运而生了。因为有些恶梦的场景与体内的潜伏病变有一些关系所以就可能成为疾病的预兆。说到这里也许有的人会精神紧张起来:一出现恶梦就以为自己得了病。应该说这是大可不必的。不过如果接二连三出现类似恶梦我们还是应当从身心两方面寻找原因以便及早清除隐患。、梦到人或怪物敲打你的头部或是向你的五官灌流质等。提示:可能患脑部肿瘤和神经系统疾病。、梦中听到怪响。提示:听觉中枢可能存在某些病变或附近血管硬化。、梦到气管被卡住呼吸不顺畅、窒息。提示:呼吸系统可能存在病变。、梦中被追逐心中恐惧叫不出来跑不动。惊醒后心有余悸、大汗、心跳加快。提示:可能是心脏冠状动脉供血不足。、梦中走路不稳、身体扭曲、肢体沉重并伴随窒息感且会突然惊醒。提示:可能是心绞痛的前兆。responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,、梦到从高处坠落但始终是还没落到地面就已惊醒。提示:可能是心脏病的先兆。、梦到火的场景例如自己被烧伤等。提示:可能患有高血压。、梦到水的场景例如洪水、沼泽、溺水等。提示:肝胆系统和肾脏可能有病变。、梦到飞翔的场景。提示:循环系统可能有病变。、梦到面目狰狞的恶人。提示:消化系统可能存在病变。、梦中被殴打醒后感觉梦中被打部位疼痛。提示:对应脏腑可能有潜伏病变。、梦中进食味道怪异的食物醒后嘴中仍留有异味或是梦中感到饥饿吃进大量食物醒后胀痛难受。提示:胃肠部位可能有疾患。睡前吃几片面包可防做恶梦血糖过低时人会感到倦怠、疲劳、暴躁、反应迟钝等。研究还发现低血糖还可能在入睡后发难使人容易在恶梦中惊叫而醒、浑身出汗难以再重新入睡。为什么低血糖与做恶梦有关呢实验研究证实人在睡眠过程中会以快波睡眠和慢波睡眠两种形式交替进行。快波睡眠又称"有梦睡眠"人做梦就是发生在这个时段。研究表明在快波睡眠的过程中人的神经兴奋增高脑内蛋白质合成加快。当血糖过低时大脑能量供应不足蛋白质合成受阻会导致快波睡眠时间延长此时神经兴奋性会增高恶梦就可能随时发生。反之当血糖正常人在睡眠过程中蛋白质的合成代谢、能量的供应等处于responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,正常的生理状态快波睡眠与慢波睡眠是有序地交替进行神经系统不会过度兴奋因此就不易产生恶梦。碳水化合物食物能纠正低血糖如果你常做恶梦睡前不妨吃几片面包或两块小饼干试试也可喝一杯加糖的牛奶。这可能对你减少恶梦、提高睡眠质量有一定帮助。值得一提的是有的糖尿病患者入睡困难、恶梦也多(这点常被忽视)。这往往与糖尿病患者容易出现低血糖有关。所以当患者夜间经常低血糖发作可考虑调整用药或者在睡前少量加餐。当然这些最好在医生的指导下进行。帅哥::*举报我也经常做恶梦,这应该与睡姿有关系,注意不要压迫到心脏,这容易做恶梦,不然就是睡前不要看恐怖的东西,早点睡觉,不过你可以吃一点安神的药就不会睡觉是做梦了其他答案:这样很累的,我也想知道这是怎么一回事会飞的小草::*举报每个人都做梦。但大多数人醒来后不久就忘记梦了最多只留下某些感觉。那些醒后还清晰记得梦的内容的只能是睡眠质量不高或者是多梦。经常听到有人说:"昨晚没有休息好做了一夜的梦"、"我晚上梦多简直没有睡着"。于是这一天学习、工作起来似乎还真感到有点精神不振、精力不足仿佛做梦真的耽误了休息。有些医生按照传统观念也承认多梦是大脑不曾休息或休息不好的表现。其实这种旧观念是不对的。做梦并能回忆梦境并不是睡眠不深的指标也不能说做responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,了梦就表示不曾睡好。说整夜做梦是夸张说没有做梦也不现实更谈不上梦多梦少。国内外都有人对主诉失眠、整夜作梦或梦多的慢性失眠症进行过生理测验应用多种生理仪进行脑电波描记和研究客观地记录证明这些主诉"梦多"、"整夜作梦"病人的睡眠周期和正常人并没有什么差别他们伴有梦的快波睡眠期所占的比例和实际时间也并没有明显缩短或延长"整夜做梦"和"梦多"的体验与各项睡眠参数并没有相互联系。还有人对这类病人进行心理测验认为这类体验与性格有关系。无论从人类睡眠的普遍规律还是从实验研究的结果看梦感与失眠未必有必然的联系。有无梦感及梦感的程度也不能作为失眠与否及失眠程度的客观指征。既然如此人们为什么总习惯把做梦和失眠扯在一起呢正如我们前面多次谈到的那样梦是在快波睡眠期出现的一种必然的生理现象是一种主动的生理过程其表现形式有表象成分又带有感性性质的记忆活动和超常规的联想。而梦感则是指醒来后对梦中某些情节的回忆或只留有曾做过梦的印象连梦的内容大多也很难讲清楚。主诉失眠伴多梦或失眠无梦的人所说的梦应该指的是梦感而梦感又与情绪因素和性格特点有关。比如性格内向的人多将注意力集中于自身内部的感受睡眠较表浅易醒或惊醒常能回忆起生动的梦境情绪抑郁、焦虑的人容易从梦中惊醒因而自感梦多且睡而不实。研究人员还发现梦多与睡眠的惊醒程度密切相关自诉平日梦多的人睡眠中都比较易惊醒。在睡眠实验中只要分贝的音量便足以唤醒他们他们的梦境回忆程度也高。临床上常常见到突然多梦的人往往与受到七情所伤、心情不畅、responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,睡眠不安有关因此失眠者往往伴有多梦。临床观察及实验结果都证明:失眠尤其是长期失眠的主诉是不可靠的。许多学者对主诉失眠的病人进行研究后发现失眠与心理紊乱有关。他们对睡眠潜伏期往往估计过高而对实际睡眠时间又往往估计过低。实验测试时失眠病人对有关睡眠参数的叙述与客观记录不符不是夸大就是缩小。大多数专家认为失眠的体验与情绪、性格有关。参考资料:自己总结展开其他相似回答()隐藏其他相似回答()会飞的小草::*举报每个人都做梦。但大多数人醒来后不久就忘记梦了最多只留下某些感觉。那些醒后还清晰记得梦的内容的只能是睡眠质量不高或者是多梦。经常听到有人说:"昨晚没有休息好做了一夜的梦"、"我晚上梦多简直没有睡着"。于是这一天学习、工作起来似乎还真感到有点精神不振、精力不足仿佛做梦真的耽误了休息。有些医生按照传统观念也承认多梦是大脑不曾休息或休息不好的表现。其实这种旧观念是不对的。做梦并能回忆梦境并不是睡眠不深的指标也不能说做了梦就表示不曾睡好。说整夜做梦是夸张说没有做梦也不现实更谈不上梦多梦少。国内外都有人对主诉失眠、整夜作梦或梦多的慢性失眠症进行过生理测验应用多种生理仪进行脑电波描记和研究客观地记录证明这些主诉"梦多"、"整夜作梦"病人的睡眠周期和正常人并没有什么差别他们伴有梦的快波睡眠期所占的比例和实际时间也并没有明显缩短或延长"整夜做梦"和"梦多"的体验与各项睡眠参数并没有相互联系。还有人对这类病人进行心理测验认为这类体responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,验与性格有关系。无论从人类睡眠的普遍规律还是从实验研究的结果看梦感与失眠未必有必然的联系。有无梦感及梦感的程度也不能作为失眠与否及失眠程度的客观指征。既然如此人们为什么总习惯把做梦和失眠扯在一起呢正如我们前面多次谈到的那样梦是在快波睡眠期出现的一种必然的生理现象是一种主动的生理过程其表现形式有表象成分又带有感性性质的记忆活动和超常规的联想。而梦感则是指醒来后对梦中某些情节的回忆或只留有曾做过梦的印象连梦的内容大多也很难讲清楚。主诉失眠伴多梦或失眠无梦的人所说的梦应该指的是梦感而梦感又与情绪因素和性格特点有关。比如性格内向的人多将注意力集中于自身内部的感受睡眠较表浅易醒或惊醒常能回忆起生动的梦境情绪抑郁、焦虑的人容易从梦中惊醒因而自感梦多且睡而不实。研究人员还发现梦多与睡眠的惊醒程度密切相关自诉平日梦多的人睡眠中都比较易惊醒。在睡眠实验中只要分贝的音量便足以唤醒他们他们的梦境回忆程度也高。临床上常常见到突然多梦的人往往与受到七情所伤、心情不畅、睡眠不安有关因此失眠者往往伴有多梦。临床观察及实验结果都证明:失眠尤其是长期失眠的主诉是不可靠的。许多学者对主诉失眠的病人进行研究后发现失眠与心理紊乱有关。他们对睡眠潜伏期往往估计过高而对实际睡眠时间又往往估计过低。实验测试时失眠病人对有关睡眠参数的叙述与客观记录不符不是夸大就是缩小。大多数专家认为失眠的体验与情绪、性格有关。responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,xeoat::*举报梦魇即是指恶梦。就“魇”字而言许慎在《说文解字》中言:“魇梦惊也。”《字苑》释为“眠内不祥也。”《广韵》干脆直释为“恶梦。”常常因为在梦中仿佛看见或遇到可怕的事情而惊叫、呻吟。这种梦对人的刺激非常强烈做梦者一觉醒过来后能清楚地回忆起梦的内容。这些梦境使人感到梦魇是怎样产生的,梦魇即是指恶梦。就“魇”字而言许慎在《说文解字》中言:“魇梦惊也。”《字苑》释为“眠内不祥也。”《广韵》干脆直释为“恶梦。”常常因为在梦中仿佛看见或遇到可怕的事情而惊叫、呻吟。这种梦对人的刺激非常强烈做梦者一觉醒过来后能清楚地回忆起梦的内容。这些梦境使人感到十分惊惧并使人处于极度焦虑之中或为妖魔鬼怪玩弄戏于股掌之上或被穷凶极恶之人饥肠辘辘之兽穷追不舍或是自己亲朋好友陷入某种灾难的边缘„„想喊时自己的喉咙仿佛被什么东西堵住喊不出来想逃时自己的两腿仿佛被谁的手拴住往后拉逃不了万般无奈透不过气来几近窒息。在将醒未醒之际常常感到身躯和四肢难以动弹仿佛被什么东西捆住了手脚一般几经周折才终于清醒过来这时已是一身冷汗三魂已被惊走了两魂。有些占梦者认为这是梦者的灵魂受压迫所致。恶梦的发生既有外界的生理刺激也有内在的心理创伤。在外因来说梦魇多半是睡觉时被子盖住了嘴鼻或者是把手压在胸部所引起的。人在睡眠时心和肺的活动能力相对减弱了所以当嘴和鼻孔responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,被被子挡住或胸部受到压迫时就感到心脏活动受到阻碍呼吸困难。这种来自外部的刺激很快传到大脑皮层便引起不正确的反应于是恶梦就产生了。有的人在梦中看到鬼怪扑在自己身上张牙舞爪要吃掉自己似的于是想挣扎想喊叫但是大脑指挥手脚肌肉运动、发声的部分却还处于抑制状态所以梦里想挣扎手脚却一动也不能动想大喊大叫却一点声音也喊不出来。此外有的人患了某些慢性疾病如慢性扁桃体炎、慢性鼻炎、慢性支气管炎等这些疾病常常发生呼吸不通畅的毛病因此在睡梦中也容易发生恶梦。从恶梦的内因方面来看做梦者在做恶梦之前精神上一定受到过刺激留下了难以治愈的心理创伤。人在醒着的时候是靠理智支配着生活的因此早年留下的心理创伤便被理智抑制着难以尽情“倾诉”而当人进入睡眠状态时理智便失去了它的权威性作用意识被弱化。潜意识登场亮相了梦者早年留下的心理创伤便“借助”恶梦而尽情“表现”。韩愈在《游湘西寺》一诗中云:“犹疑在波涛怵惕成梦魇。”可见梦魇确与恐惧警惕心理相联。现代心理学家认为人们之所以做恶梦通常是和梦者童年时所害怕的一些事物有关这大致可以追溯到人们一生中曾经历过的那个无力自助的孩提时期。三岁至六岁的小孩子最容易做恶梦。一个成年人一旦感到自己的安全没有保障或是想起昔日某些令人恐惧和不安的事情时也可能产生恶梦。十分惊惧并使人处于极度焦虑之中或为妖魔鬼怪玩弄戏于股掌之上或被穷凶极恶之人饥肠辘辘之兽穷追不舍或是自己亲朋好友陷入某种灾难的边缘„„想喊时自己responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans,的喉咙仿佛被什么东西堵住喊不出来想逃时自己的两腿仿佛被谁的手拴住往后拉逃不了万般无奈透不过气来几近窒息。在将醒未醒之际常常感到身躯和四肢难以动弹仿佛被什么东西捆住了手脚一般几经周折才终于清醒过来这时已是一身冷汗三魂已被惊走了两魂。有些占梦者认为这是梦者的灵魂受压迫所致。responsibilityimplementationofthequalitypolicyandobjectives,establishandimprovetheOrganization,accordingtotheprojectsituation,therationalallocationofresourcesrequiredOrganizationalsecurity,qualityinspectionsonaregularbasis,developedundertheauspicesoftheimprovementprogrammesandmeasuresResponsibleforimplementingtheState,ministries,localgovernmentsandownersofworkscivilconstruction,environmentalprotection,transportation,floodcontrolandsafetylawsandregulationsandinstructions,DeputyProjectManager:Vaucanson,organizingandcommandingtheconstructionproduction,takefullresponsibilityforprojectconstructionproductionorganizationandmanagementoftheprojectconstructionorganization,safeandcivilizedconstruction,standardization,productionscheduling,resourceallocationandmanagementResponsiblefororganizingtheimplementationofmonitoringthesafety,quality,construction,environmentalprotection,soilconservation,occupationalhealthandotherworkcarriedouttoensurethatprojectmanagementgoalbeachieved,ChiefEngineer:ZhouLin,withoverallresponsibilityfortheproject'sconstructiontechnologyandqualitycontrolOrganizationandpreparationoftheconstructionprojectoftheDepartmentofprojectconstructionorganizationdesigns,managementplans,qualityplans
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