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首页 2011英语二真题及参考答案

2011英语二真题及参考答案.doc

2011英语二真题及参考答案

慢慢懂人已不再
2019-05-27 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2011英语二真题及参考答案doc》,可适用于综合领域

年硕士研究生入学考试英语二真题及参考答案SectionI UseofEnglishDirections:ReadthefollowingtextChoosethebestword(s)foreachnumberedblackandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET(points)TheInternetaffordsanonymitytoitsusers,ablessingtoprivacyandfreedomofspeechButthatveryanonymityisalsobehindtheexplosionofcybercrimethathas  acrosstheWebCanprivacybepreserved  bringingsafetyandsecuritytoaworldthatseemsincreasingly  Lastmonth,HowardSchmidt,thenation’scyberczar,offeredthefederalgovernmenta  tomaketheWebasaferplacea“voluntarytrustedidentity”systemthatwouldbethehightech  ofaphysicalkey,afingerprintandaphotoIDcard,allrolled  oneThesystemmightuseasmartidentitycard,oradigitalcredential  toaspecificcomputerandwouldauthenticateusersatarangeofonlineservicesTheideaisto  afederationofprivateonlineidentitysystemsUsercould  whichsystemtojoin,andonlyregistereduserswhoseidentitieshavebeenauthenticatedcouldnavigatethosesystemsTheapproachcontrastswithonethatwouldrequireanInternetdriver’slicense    bythegovernmentGoogleandMicrosoftareamongcompaniesthatalreadyhavethese“singlesignon”systemsthatmakeitpossibleforusersto justoncebutusemanydifferentservicestheapproachwouldcreatea“walledgarden”ncyberspace,withsafe“neighborhoods”andbright“streetlights”toestablishasenseofa  communityMrSchmidtdescribeditasa“voluntaryecosystem”inwhich“individualsandorganizationscancompleteonlinetransactionswith ,trustingtheidentitiesofeachotherandtheidentitiesoftheinfrastructure whichthetransactionruns”Still,theadministration’splanhas privacyrightsactivistsSomeapplaudtheapproachothersareconcernedItseemsclearthatsuchaschemeisaninitiativepushtowardwhatwould  beacompulsoryInternet“drive’slicense”mentalityTheplanhasalsobeengreetedwithbysomecomputersecurityexperts,whoworrythatthe“voluntaryecosystem”envisionedbyMrSchmidtwouldstillleavemuchoftheInternet  TheyarguethatallInternetusersshouldbe  toregisterandidentifythemselves,inthesamewaythatdriversmustbelicensedtodriveonpublicroads.AsweptBskippedCwalkedDridden.AforBwithinCwhileDthough.AcarelessBlawlessCpointlessDhelpless.AreasonBreminderCcompromiseDproposal.AinformationBinterferenceCentertainmentDequivalent.AbyBintoCfromDover.AlinkedBdirectedCchainedDcompared.AdismissBdiscoverCcreateDimprove.ArecallBsuggestCselectDrealize.ArelcasedBissuedCdistributedDdelivered.AcarryonBlingeronCsetinDlogin.AInvainBIneffectCInreturnDIncontrast.AtrustedBmodernizedcthrivingDcompeting.AcautionBdelightCconfidenceDpatience.AonBafterCbeyondDacross.AdividedBdisappointedCprotectedDunited.AfrequestlyBincidentallyCoccasionallyDeventually.AskepticismBreleranceCindifferenceDenthusiasm.AmanageableBdefendableCvulnerableDinvisible.AinvitedBappointedCallowedDforced     完形填空参考答案~ACBDD ~BACCB ~DBACA ~ADACDSectionII ReadingComprehensionPartADirections:ReadthefollowingfourtextsAnswerthequestionsaftereachtextbychoosingA,B,CorDMarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET(points)Text RuthSimmonsjoinedGoldmanSachs’sboardasanoutsidedirectorinJanuary:ayearlatershebecamepresidentofBrownUniversityFortherestofthedecadesheapparentlymanagedbothroleswithoutattractingmucheroticismButbytheendofMsSimmonswasunderfireforhavingsatonGoldman’scompensationcommitteehowcouldshehaveletthoseenormousbonuspayoutspassunremarkedByFebruarythenextyearMsSimmonshadlefttheboardThepositionwasjusttakinguptoomuchtime,shesaidOutsidedirectorsaresupposedtoserveashelpful,yetlessbiased,advisersonafirm’sboardHavingmadetheirwealthandtheirreputationselsewhere,theypresumablyhaveenoughindependencetodisagreewiththechiefexecutive’sproposalsIfthesky,andthesharepriceisfalling,outsidedirectorsshouldbeabletogiveadvicebasedonhavingweatheredtheirowncrisesTheresearchersfromOhioUniversityusedadatabasehatcoveredmorethan,firmsandmorethan,differentdirectorsbetweenandThentheysimplycheckedwhichdirectorsstayedfromoneproxystatementtothenextThemostlikelyreasonfordepartingaboardwasage,sotheresearchersconcentratedonthose“surprise”disappearancesbydirectorsundertheageofTheyfountthatafterasurprisedeparture,theprobabilitythatthecompanywillsubsequentlyhavetorestateearningsincreasedbynearlyThelikelihoodofbeingnamedinafederalclassactionlawsuitalsoincreases,andthestockislikelytoperformworseTheeffecttendedtobelargerforlargerfirmsAlthoughacorrelationbetweenthemleavingandsubsequentbadperformanceatthefirmissuggestive,itdoesnotmeanthatsuchdirectorsarealwaysjumpingoffasinkingshipOftenthey“tradeup”Leavingriskier,smallerfirmsforlargerandmorestablefirmsButtheresearchersbelievethatoutsidedirectorshaveaneasiertimeofavoidingablowtotheirreputationsiftheyleaveafirmbeforebadnewsbreaks,evenifareviewofhistoryshowstheywereontheboardatthetimeanywrongdoingoccurredFirmswhowanttokeeptheiroutsidedirectorsthroughtoughtimesmayhavetocreateincentivesOtherwiseoutsidedirectorswillfollowtheexampleofMsSimmons,onceagainverypopularoncampusAccordingtoParagraph,MsSimmonswascriticizedfor   A gainingexcessiveprofitsB failingtofulfillherdutyC refusingtomakecompromisesD leavingtheboardintoughtimesWelearnfromParagraphthatoutsidedirectorsaresupposedtobe   A generousinvestorsB unbiasedexecutivesC sharepriceforecastersD independentadvisersAccordingtotheresearchersfromOhioUniversityafteranoutsidedirector’ssurprisedeparture,thefirmislikelyto   A becomemorestableB reportincreasedearningsC dolesswellinthestockmarketD performworseinlawsuitsItcanbeinferredfromthelastparagraphthatoutsidedirectors   A maystayfortheattractiveoffersfromthefirmB haveoftenhadrecordsofwrongdoingsinthefirmC areaccustomedtostressfreeworkinthefirmD willdeclineincentivesfromthefirmTheauthor’sattitudetowardtheroleofoutsidedirectorsis   A permissiveB positiveC scornfulD criticalTEXT 参考答案.A。细节题:原文第段倒数第行的howcould…直接提到了bonuspayouts就是说profits。.C。细节题:原文中出现outsidedirectors有几处helpfulbutlessbiasedadvisor但是B选项用的是executive,拼凑答案D选项也是一样。最后一句weatheredtheirowncrises对应forecasters。.C。细节题:原文是若干个并列stockislikelytoperformworse对应答案迷惑选项是B但是主语不一致是probability不是earnings。.A。推理题:原文对应firmswhowantto…说想留住outsidedirector就是增加incentive。.B。态度题:文章各个段落都说outsidedirector的方面。因此是positive。Text WhateverhappenedtothedeathofnewspaperAyearagotheendseemednearTherecessionthreatenedtoremovetheadvertisingandreadersthathadnotalreadyfledtotheinternetNewspapersliketheSanFranciscoChroniclewerechroniclingtheirowndoomAmerica’sFederalTradecommissionlaunchedaroundoftalksabouthowtosavenewspapersShouldtheybecomecharitablecorporationsShouldthestatesubsidizethemItwillholdanothermeetingsoonButthediscussionsnowseemoutofdateInmuchoftheworldthereisthesignofcrisisGermanandBrazilianpapershaveshruggedofftherecessionEvenAmericannewspapers,whichinhabitthemosttroubledcomeoftheglobalindustry,havenotonlysurvivedbutoftenreturnedtoprofitNottheprofitmarginsthatwereroutineafewyearsago,butprofitallthesameIthasnotbeenmuchfunManypapersstayedafloatbypushingjournalistsoverboardTheAmericanSocietyofNewsEditorsreckonsthat,newsroomjobshavegonesinceReadersarepayingmoreforslimmerproductsSomepapersevenhadthenervetorefusedeliverytodistantsuburbsYetthesedesperatemeasureshaveprovedtherightonesand,sadlyformanyjournalists,theycanbepushedfurtherNewspapersarebecomingmorebalancedbusinesses,withahealthiermixofrevenuesfromreadersandadvertisersAmericanpapershavelongbeenhighlyunusualintheirrelianceonadsFullyoftheirrevenuescamefromadvertisingin,accordingtotheOrganizationforEconomicCooperationDevelopment(OECD)InJapantheproportionisNotsurprisingly,JapanesenewspapersaremuchmorestableThewhirlwindthatsweptthroughnewsroomsharmedeverybody,butmuchofthedamagehasbeenconcentratedinareaswherenewspaperareleastdistinctiveCarandfilmreviewershavegoneSohavescienceandgeneralbusinessreportersForeignbureaushavebeensavagelycutoffNewspapersarelesscompleteasaresultButcompletenessisnolongeravirtueinthenewspaperbusinessBysaying“Newspaperslike…theirowndoom”(Lines,Para),theauthorindicatesthatnewspaper    A neglectedthesignofcrisisB failedtogetstatesubsidiesC werenotcharitablecorporationsD wereinadesperatesituationSomenewspapersrefuseddeliverytodistantsuburbsprobablybecause   A readersthreatenedtopaylessB newspaperswantedtoreducecostsC journalistsreportedlittleabouttheseareasD subscriberscomplainedaboutslimmerproductsComparedwiththeirAmericancounterparts,Japanesenewspapersaremuchmorestablebecausethey   A havemoresourcesofrevenueB havemorebalancednewsroomsC arelessdependentonadvertisingD arelessaffectedbyreadershipWhatcanbeinferredfromthelastparagraphaboutthecurrentnewspaperbusinessA DistinctivenessisanessentialfeatureofnewspapersB CompletenessistoblameforthefailureofnewspaperC ForeignbureausplayacrucialroleinthenewspaperbusinessD ReadershavelosttheirinterestincarandfilmreviewsThemostappropriatetitleforthistextwouldbe    A AmericanNewspapers:StrugglingforSurvivalB AmericanNewspapers:GonewiththeWindC AmericanNewspapers:AThrivingBusinessD AmericanNewspapers:AHopelessStoryTEXT参考答案.D。定义题:根据上下文猜句子的含义后句American……savenewspaper中出现了save说明前面的观点一定是不好的才save因此选D。.B.推理题:定位处前一句是readersarepayingmoreforslimmernewspaper因此说明人们多付钱报纸很薄节约成本定位处有even表示并列说明前后的原因一致都是成本问题。.C。推理题:日本美国原文用了对比的方法说广告占得比例不一样因此问题是广告收入来源。D。推理题:A选项中有essential,文章中是说distinctiveness重要而非必要有问题D选项是文章中carsandfilmreviewershavegone说明由于报纸没有吸引力而失去读者。.A。主旨题:文章分析美国报纸出现的问题说明要挽救。Text WetendtothinkofthedecadesimmediatelyfollowingWorldWarIIasatimeofprosperityandgrowth,withsoldiersreturninghomebythemillions,goingofftocollegeontheGIBillandliningupatthemarriagebureausButwhenitcametotheirhouses,itwasatimeofcommonsenseandabeliefthatlesscouldtrulybemoreDuringtheDepressionandthewar,Americanshadlearnedtolivewithless,andthatrestraint,incombinationwiththepostwarconfidenceinthefuture,madesmall,efficienthousingpositivelystylishEconomicconditionwasonlyastimulusforthetrendtowardefficientlivingThephrase“lessismore”wasactuallyfirstpopularizedbyaGerman,thearchitectLudwigMiesvanderRohe,wholikeotherpeopleassociatedwiththeBauhaus,aschoolofdesign,emigratedtotheUnitedStatesbeforeWorldWarIIandtookuppostsatAmericanarchitectureschoolsThesedesignerscametoexertenormousinfluenceonthecourseofAmericanarchitecture,butnonemoresothatMiesMies’ssignaturephrasemeansthatlessdecoration,properlyorganized,hasmoreimpactthatalotElegance,hebelieved,didnotderivefromabundanceLikeothermodernarchitects,heemployedmetal,glassandlaminatedwoodmaterialsthatwetakeforgrantedtodaybuythatinthessymbolizedthefutureMies’ssophisticatedpresentationmaskedthefactthatthespaceshedesignedweresmallandefficient,ratherthanbigandoftenemptyTheapartmentsintheeleganttowersMiesbuiltonChicago’sLakeShoreDrive,forexample,weresmallertwobedroomunitsunder,squarefeetthanthoseintheirolderneighborsalongthecity’sGoldCoastButtheywerepopularbecauseoftheirairyglasswalls,theviewstheyaffordedandtheeleganceofthebuildings’detailsandproportions,thearchitecturalequivalentoftheabstractartsopopularatthetimeThetrendtoward“less”wasnotentirelyforeignInthesFrankLloydWrightstartedbuildingmoremodestandefficienthousesusuallyaround,squarefeetthanthespreadingtwostoryoneshehaddesignedinthesandtheearlythcenturyThe“CaseStudyHouses”commissionedfromtalentedmodernarchitectsbyCaliforniaArtsArchitecturemagazinebetweenandwereyetanotherhomegrowninfluenceonthe“lessismore”trendAestheticeffectcamefromthelandscape,newmaterialsandforthrightdetailingInhisCaseStudyHouse,Ralpheverydaylife–fewAmericanfamiliesacquiredhelicopters,thoughmosteventuallygotclothesdryers–buthisbeliefthatselfsufficiencywasbothdesirableandinevitablewaswidelysharedThepostwarAmericanhousingstylelargelyreflectedtheAmericans’    A prosperityandgrowthB efficiencyandpracticalityC restraintandconfidenceD prideandfaithfulnessWhichofthefollowingcanbeinferredfromParagraphaboutBauhausA ItwasfoundedbyLudwigMiesvanderRoheB ItsdesigningconceptwasaffectedbyWorldWarIIC MostAmericanarchitectsusedtobeassociatedwithitD IthadagreatinfluenceuponAmericanarchitectureMiesheldthateleganceofarchitecturaldesign    A wasrelatedtolargespaceB wasidentifiedwithemptinessC wasnotreliantonabundantdecorationD wasnotassociatedwithefficiencyWhatistrueabouttheapartmentsMiesbuildingChicago’sLakeShoreDrive

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2011英语二真题及参考答案

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