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首页 自考英语(二)试题及答案

自考英语(二)试题及答案.doc

自考英语(二)试题及答案

Emma春玲
2019-04-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《自考英语(二)试题及答案doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

自考英语(二)试题及答案从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。Inaddition,aseconddoctormustconfirmthatthesecriteriahasbeenmetandthedeathmusttothepolicedepartmentAreportBbereportedCreportingDhavingreportedAcaraccidenthimfromplayingfootballAenabledBabledCdisabledDunabledTherobberiscapitalpunishmentAdeservingBdeservedCdeservingofDdeservedofThemusicbecomesasloudandasthehumanearcouldstandApenetratingBconcentratingCpuncturingDconciliatingThesearetherobotsforthereductioninjobrelatedinjuriesinthisnewindustryArespondBresponsiveCresponsoryDresponsibleSchoolsusuallysettheireducationalobjectivetheattainmentofabalanceddevelopmentofapersonAtoBinCwithDasHewastodirectorAacceleratedBliftedCraisedDpromotedThereistheapparentthattheeffectivecauseofthehighproportionoftheoldisbirthsratherthandeathsAparableBparadeCparadiseDparadoxAmajorpartynomineehastheadvantageofsupportfromthepartyfaithfulAcriticBcriticiseCcriticalDcriticismWhenittothelatestresearchesintoheartdisease,Ihaven'ttheslightestideaAtalksBspeaksCtellsDcomesⅡClozeTest(points,pointforeachitem)下列短文中有十个空白,每个空白有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的字母涂黑。NaturehasaperfectsystemforrecyclingwaterWaterisusedagainandagainItfallsasrainThenitgoesoneofthreeplacesItmightseepslowlythroughthesoilitsoaksthroughintothenaturalreservoirsundergroundItmightdisappearintotheairbyquicklyItmightrunoffintostreamstoriversandtotheoceansThereisaproblemthisrecyclingsystemItisabalancethatcanbeeasilyupsetbypeopleNature'srecyclingsystemcanworkwellpeopleworkwiththesystemnotagainstitSomewaysthatpeoplewithnatureareeasytounderstandDirtysewagewaterfromhomesandfactoriesmustnotwithdrinkingwaterPeoplewouldgetsickfromdrinkingdirtywaterThereareotherwaysthatpeoplehindernatureSomeofthesewaysarenotsoeasytounderstand,amarshybogmaynotbegoodforeverything,butitservesanimportantpurposeThesoft,wetsoilofabog(沼泽)watertoreachtheundergroundreservoirsWhathappenstothebalanceofnatureifthebogisfilledinManyhousingdevelopmentprojectshavebeenbuiltwheremarshesoncewereTheofthehousesarelikelytohaveproblemsTheyarelikelytofillupwithwater,tofloodinseasonsHugestormsewersarebuilttocarryawaywiththewaterfromwetareasThesehugepipespreventwetbasementsinthehousesofthecommunityAbecauseBifCafterDasAevaporatingBbeingevaporatedChavingbeenevaporatedDbeingevaporatingAofBwithCthroughDfromAonlybeforeBunlessCalthoughDonlyifAaccordBconcernCinterfereDintervenceAseparateBcleanCmixDfilterATostartwithBTonamejustafewCForexampleDIncontrastAforbidsBdiscouragesCpreventsDallowsAbasisBbaseCbasicDbasementsAdryBsnowyCrainyDmistyⅢReadingComprehension(points,pointsforeachitem)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,并在答题纸上将相应的答案涂黑。PassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageWhenyourparentsadviseyouto“getaneducation”inordertoraiseyourincome,theytellyouonlyhalfthetruthWhattheyreallymeanistogetjustenougheducationtoprovidemanpowerforyoursociety,butnotsomuchthatyouproveanembarrassmenttoyoursocietyGetahighschooldiploma,atleastWithoutthat,youwillbeoccupationallydeadunlessyournamehappenstobeGeorgeBernardShaworThomasAlvaEdison,andyoucansuccessfullydropoutingradeschoolGetacollegedegree,ifpossibleWithaBA,youareonthelaunchingpadButnowyouhavetostarttoputonthebrakesIfyougoforamaster'sdegree,makesureitisanMBA,andisfamousLawofdiminishingreturnsbeginstotakeeffectDoyouknow,forinstance,thatlonghaultruckdriversearnmoreperyearthanfullprofessorsYes,theaveragesalaryforthosetruckerswas$,Whilethefullprofessorsmanagedtoearnjust$,APhDisthehighestdegreeyoucangetExceptforafewspecializedfieldssuchasphysicsorchemistrywherethedegreecanquicklybeturnedtoindustrialorcommercialpurposes,ifyoupursuesuchadegreeinanyotherfield,youwillfaceadimfutureTherearemorePhDsunemployedorunderemployedinthiscountrythananyotherpartoftheworldIfyoubecomeadoctorofphilosophyinEnglishorhistoryoranthropologyorpoliticalscienceorlanguagesorworstofallinphilosophy,youruntheriskofbecomingovereducatedforournationaldemandsNotforourneeds,mindyou,butforourdemandsThousandsofPhDsaresellingshoes,drivingcars,waitingontable,andendlesslyfillingoutapplicationsmonthaftermonthTheymayalsotakeajobinsomehighschoolorbackwatercollegethatpaysmuchlessthanthejanitorearnsYoucanequatethelevelofincomewiththelevelofeducationonlysofarFarenough,thatis,tomakeyouusefultothegrossnationalproduct,butnotsofarthatnobodycanturnmuchofaprofitonyouAccordingtothewriter,whatthesocietyexpectsofeducationistoturnoutpeoplewhoAwillnotbeadisgracetosocietyBwillbecomeloyalcitizensCcantakecareofthemselvesDcanmeetthenation'sdemandsasasourceofmanpowerManyPhDsareoutofjobbecauseAtheyareimproperlyeducatedBtheyareoflittlecommercialvaluetotheirsocietyCtherearefewerjobsinhighschoolsDtheyprefereasierjobsthatmakemoremoneyThenationisonlyinterestedinpeopleAwithdiplomasBwhospecializeinphysicsandchemistryCwhoarevaluabletothegrossnationalproductDbothAandCWhichofthefollowingisnottrueABernardShawdidn'tfinishhighschools,nordidEdisonBOnemustthinkcarefullybeforepursuingamaster'sdegreeCThehigheryoureducationlevel,themoremoneyyouwillearnDIfyouaretoowelleducated,you'llbeovereducatedforsociety‘sdemandsThewriterseeseducationasAameansofprovidingjobsecurityandfinancialsecurityandameansofmeetingacountry'sdemandsfortechnicalworkersBawaytobroadenone'shorizonsCmoreimportantthanfindingajobDanopportunitythateveryoneshouldhavePassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageWhatarethespecifictraitsthatwillassistexecutivestoclimbtheladderofsuccessOpinionsvarywidelyGivenapproximatelyequalqualificationsandcircumstances,someclaimthesuccessfactorislargelyamatterofluckbeingintherightplaceattherighttimeOthersspeakofanalmostcrazydevotiontowork,combinedwithadegreeofruthlessnessOne“expert”maintainsthatit'sundoubtedlyamatterofhowmucheducationyourmotherhadTomakeitbig,executivesmustpossessfourbasicskills:First,driveBusinesssuccesstakesanunusualamountofenergyAsuccessfulexecutivealmostbydefinitionisastriverHewillgettensewhenheisnotstrivingSecond,peoplesenseSomesaybeingabletojudgepeopleismoreimportantthanahighIQTheskillcanbeinstinctual(本能的),butinmostcasesitispainstakinglylearnedThird,communicationsabilityDifferentexecutivesmakethemselvesunderstoodindifferentwaysSometransmitideasbestfacetofaceothersaremastersofthetelephonecallstillothersarepersuasivewritersOnewayoranother,theyallcommunicateclearlyFourth,calmunderpressureNobusinessmanwillgetveryfarifhechokesupSomepeopleclaimthatbesideshardwork,thesuccessalsorequiresAequalqualificationsBspecifictraitsCmucheducationDadegreeofcrueltyAccordingtothepassage,ahighIQisAinstinctualBpainstakinglylearntCinbornDmoretrivialthanpeoplesenseThesuccessfulexecutivesmustAtransmitideasfacetofaceBdependontelephonesCbepersuasivewritersDexpressthemselvesdistinctlyWhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUEAEverybusinessmanpossessesthesefourskillsBWhenastriverstopshisdevotiontowork,hewillfeelquiteateaseCThesebasicskillsarenotinstinctualatallDMother'seducationhasundoubtedeffectonherchild‘ssuccessWhat'sthemainideaofthepassageAFourskillsforsuccessfulexecutivesBSomeopinionsaboutthesuccessCSpecifictraitsforsuccessfulexecutivesDQualificationsandcircumstancesforclimbingtheladderPassageThreeQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassageAsthepaceoflifecontinuestoincrease,wearefastlosingtheartofrelaxationOnceyouareinthehabitofrushingthroughlife,beingonthegofrommorningtillnight,itishardtoslowdownButrelaxationisessentialforahealthymindandbodyStressisanaturalpartofeverydaylifeandthereisnowaytoavoiditInfact,itisnotthebadthingitisoftensupposedtobeAcertainamountofstressisvitaltoprovidemotivationandgivepurposetolifeItisonlywhenthestressgetsoutofcontrolthatitcanleadtopoorperformanceandillhealthTheamountofstressapersoncanwithstanddependsverymuchontheindividualSomepeoplearenotafraidofstress,andsuchcharactersareobviouslyprimematerialformanagerialresponsibilities,othersloseheartatthefirstsignofunusualdifficultiesWhenexposedtostress,inwhateverform,wereactbothchemicallyandphysicallyInfactwemakechoicebetween“flightorfight”andinmoreprimitivedaysthechoicesmadethedifferencebetweenlifeordeathThecriseswemeettodayareunlikelytobesoextreme,buthoweverlittlethestressis,itinvolvesthesameresponseItiswhensuchareactionlastslong,throughcontinuedexposuretostress,thathealthbecomesendangeredSincewecan'tremovestressfromourlives(itwouldbeunwisetodosoevenifwecould),weneedtofindwaystodealwithitPeoplearefindinglessandlesstimeforrelaxingthemselvesbecauseAtheyregardworkingastheirgreatestenjoymentBtheybelievethatworkissuperiortorelaxationCtheyaretravelingfastallthetimeDtheyarebecomingbusierwiththeirworkthanevenbeforeAccordingtotheauthor,themostimportantcharacterforagoodmanagerishisAunyieldingwilltoholdoutstressBknowingtheartofrelaxationChighsenseofresponsibilityDhavingcontroloverperformanceWhichofthefollowingstatementsisTRUE,accordingtothepassageAWecanfindquiteafewwaystoavoidstressBStressisalwaysharmfultopeople'shealthCIt'seasytochangethehabitofkeepingoneselfbusywithworkDDifferentpeoplecanbeardifferentamountofstressInthelastsentenceofthepassage,“doso”referstoA“exposeourselvestostress”B“findwaystodealwithstress”C“removestressfromourlives”D“establishlinksbetweendiseasesandstress”Accordingtotheauthor,therightattitudetowardstressisAtoavoiditBtoregarditasavitalmotivationCtotrytocopewithitDtofindsomerelaxationPARTTWOⅣWordSpelling(points,pointfortwoitems)将下列汉语单词译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。请将完整的单词写在答题纸上。争辩争论va有说服力的令人信服的ac易受伤的易受害的av到国外在国外ada参与者np集合组装va认出承认nr目的地终点nd忽视忽略vn民主的ad乱丢vl鲜明地生动地adv赌博投机vg同情怜悯nc宇宙的普遍的au发言人代言人ns垄断专卖nm排队nvq无论如何不顾adr谚语格言npⅤWordForm(points,pointforeachitem)将括号中的各词变为适当的形式填入空白。答案写在答题纸上。Thosecasesareequally(deserve)ofattentionThewallsofballroomswerecoveredwith(change)patternsoflightThefuturerobotscanmakedecisionssuchaswhethertodiscarddefectivepartsin(finish)productsTheyalsoloadandunloadhot,heavymetalformsusedinmachines(cast)automobileandtruckframesItisessentialthateverything(be)decidedinadvanceIfonlyI(have)moretimetothinkaboutitHecannotbereallyhappyifheiscompelledbysocietytodowhathedoesnotenjoy(do)Theessentialproblemofmanina(computerize)ageremainsthesameasithasalwaysbeenDonotpictureyourselfasanything,andyouwilldriftlikean(abandon)shipatseaCandidatesareparticularly(concern)withwinningthestateswhichhavethelargestpopulationⅥTranslationfromChineseintoEnglish(points,pointsforeachitem)将下列各句译成英语并将答案写在答题纸上。不论她如何说,我也不相信这个消息。格林先生退休后,由他的儿子接管他的生意。科学家们将必须提出增加世界粮食供应的新方法。我们系的每个学生都喜欢课外活动。它能经受时间的考验。ⅦTranslationfromEnglishintoChinese(points)将下列短文译成汉语并将答案写在答题纸上。Mostofus,whenwereachedourteens,startedlookingforwardtothedaywhenwewouldoccupyplacesofourown,farfromtheconfinesofourfamiliesWesawthismovingawayasachancetostrikeoutonourown,togrow,tospreadoutwingsandexperiencefreedomAtthesametime,weregardedthisindependenceastemporarythethingtodountilwefoundtheperfectmateandmarriedOvertheyears,manymillionsofpeoplehavemadethispassagefromonefamilytoanother,withjustabrief,oftennervousintervalofindependenceinbetweenButrecently,moreandmorepeoplehavebeguntochallengetheconceptthatlivingtogetherisbetterthanlivingaloneBeingsingleisnowacceptedasanalternativelifestyleonethatisnatural,rewarding,andcompleteInfact,beingsinglehasbecomealmostfashionable参考答案ⅠVocabularyandStructure(points,pointforeachitem)BCAADDDDCDⅡClozeTest(points,pointforeachitem)DABDCCCDDCⅢReadingComprehension(points,pointsforeachitem)DBCCADDDDCDADCCⅣWordSpelling(points,pointfortwoitems)argueconvincingvulnerableabroadparticipantassemblerecognitiondestinationneglectdemocraticlittervividlygamblecompassionuniversalspokesmanmonopolyqueueregardlessproverbⅤWordForm(points,pointforeachitem)deservingchangingfinishedcasting(should)behaddoingcomputerizedabandonedconcernedⅥTranslationfromChineseintoEnglish(points,pointsforeachitem)Despitewhatshesays,Idon'tbelievethenewsWhenMrGreenretired,hissontookoverthebusinessfromhimScientistswillhavetocomeupwithnewmethodsofincreasingtheworld'sfoodsupplyInourdepartment,everystudentgoesinforafterschoolactivitiesItcanstandthetestoftimeⅦTranslationfromEnglishintoChinese(points)我们大多数人到了十几岁的时候,就开始向往有一天能有自己的独立空间,从而离开家庭的束缚。我们把离开家看做是独立生活、长大成人、展翅飞翔和体验自由的机会。但与此同时,我们认为这种独立只不过是在我们找到满意的伴侣并结婚之前的暂时的事情。这些年中,几百万人们都是这样从一个家庭到另一个家庭过来的,中间经历了一个短暂、并且常常是不知所措的独立阶段。但是最近,这种与人住在一起比独居更好的观念正开始受到越来越多的人们的挑战。独身现在被人们看做是生活方式的另一种选择这种生活方式是合乎自然的,有意义的,而且是没有什么缺陷的。实际上,独身已经变得近乎流行起来了。

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自考英语(二)试题及答案

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