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首页 指导我们思想的理论基础是马克思主义(The theoretical basis for guid…

指导我们思想的理论基础是马克思主义(The theoretical basis for guiding our thinking is Marx doctrine).doc

指导我们思想的理论基础是马克思主义(The theoretic…

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简介:本文档为《指导我们思想的理论基础是马克思主义(The theoretical basis for guiding our thinking is Marx doctrine)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

指导我们思想的理论基础是马克思主义(ThetheoreticalbasisforguidingourthinkingisMarxdoctrine)指导我们思想的理论基础是马克思主义(ThetheoreticalbasisforguidingourthinkingisMarxdoctrine)ThetheoreticalbasisforguidingourthinkingisMarxdoctrineChairmanMaotaughtusthatthetheoreticalbasisforguidingourthinkingisMarxdoctrine"WhatisMarxdoctrineMarx'sworks,quotations,isnotMarxdoctrine,butembodiestheMarxdoctrineHowcanwegettheMarxdoctrineOnlythroughMarx'srevolutionarypracticeandrefininginhisworksandabstractingwithscientificmethodscanwegetMarx'suniversaltruthandgetMarxdoctrineWhatisMarxdoctrineTheauthorthinksMarx'stheoreticalsystemisdividedintothreeparts:Marx'sbeliefandidealMarx'sPhilosophy(mainlythreebasiclaws)Marx'smethodology(alsoknownasscientificattitude)First,thefaithandidealofMarx:Marxbelievesinthewholemankind,lovesallmankindandservesallmankindTheidealistomakegreatcontributiontothewholemankindThehistoryofthelabormovement,theworldproletarianrevolutionariesandCommunistswhohad"communism"asbeliefsandideals,inorderto"communistrevolutioncolleagues,neighborsTeacherreferstoteacher,master,teacher,colleagueWiththerightbeliefandideal,whatevertheprofession,theidealisthesameFaithandidealarethecommonlanguageMankindhasacommonbelief,andmankindhasacommonlanguageTheChinesenationandtheCommunistPartysharethecommonbeliefthattheChinesenationandtheCommunistPartyshareacommonlanguageThisistheunityofthenationandthefundamentalguaranteeofthelongrulingoftheCommunistpartyCommonrightbeliefisastrongspiritualpropWiththerightbelief,thereisthestrongestspiritualsupportBeliefhasstrongcohesionandcommonbelief,justlikewaterinreinforcedconcreteNomatterhowgoodthe"steel,cement,sand,gravel,ifthereisnowaterorendisfail,whatalsohavenopower,waterblending,isashardasrock,withanextremelypowerfulforceBeliefinallmankind,humanpasttense,presenttense,futuretensePast:theancestorsofmankindEspeciallythereisagreatcontributiontohumanancestors,forexample,Mazu,Guanyin,theJadeEmperor,God,God,God,GodofKunlun,AthenaandsoondeifiedhumanancestorsTherefore,thefaithofallmankind,includingworldreligionsbeliefPresentmoment:thepeoplealivetodayFuturegenerations:thedescendantsofmankindyettobebornDeterminethebeliefthatallmankindisthecommonrightbelief,andallowtheindividualtohaveotherbeliefsTwo,thethreelawsofMarx'sPhilosophyMarx'sphilosophy,thatis,greatwisdomAlsoknownas"braidsyndrome","cosmiclaw","HeavenEarthlaw","BuddhaDharma"andsoonInhisdoctoralthesis,Marxputforwardthephilosophicalwrittentheoryforthefirsttime(threebasiclawsofphilosophy:thelawofunityofopposites,thelawofquantitativechangeofqualitativechange,thelawofaffirmativenegation),thelawofunityofoppositesInthethreebasiclawsofMarx'sphilosophy,thelawofunityofoppositesisthemostbasic,themostbasicandthemostuniversalItisthebasiclawoftheuniverseEverythingintheuniverse,things,andphenomena(includingthinking)followthisruleThatisallthatmattersandphenomena(includingthinking)arepaired,bothstudentsandmutualcontradictionandunity"Opposition"referstotwoortwooppositethings,thingsandphenomena(includingthinking)"Unity"meansunityinoneandcomesfromone"Unityofopposites"referstotheoppositesides,namely,theoppositetwoaspects,thingsandphenomena(includingthinking),originallyathing,unifiedinonethingMaoZedong,inturn,iscalled"twoinone""Ordichotomy,twopoints,andthewestiscalleddualismPhilosophyisthegreatestcultureintheuniverseAllthings,thingsandphenomenaintheuniverse(includingthinking)appearinpairsInfact,thisrulehaslongbeendiscoveredbyprehistoricpeople,andcalleditthebasiclawsoftheuniverse,basiclaws,cosmiclaw,heavenandearthlawandsoonOnlytheancientsdidnotputforwardthewrittentheory,onlyimpliedintheplottextModernphilosophy,theconfrontationbetweenthetwosidesofacalledspear,ashieldItisarguedthatcontradictionsexisteverywhere,contradictionsexistinallthings,things,phenomena(includingthinking),andcontradictionscantransformeachotherInancientChinafivethousandyearsago,"Yi",thetwosidesoftheopposition,onecalledYin,onecalledyangYinandyangareeverywhere,yinandYanginallthings,things,phenomena(includingthinking),thecathodeYang,anodeYin,cantransformeachotherMorethantwothousandyearsago,theChineseLaozi,inthe"moralSutra",tooktheoppositesides,onecalled"no",andtheothercalled"theone"Fromnothingtonothing,thereisnothingtobebornandmutualtransformationMorethanyearsago,IndiaBuddhaindependentenlightenedtheuniverseofnaturallaw:thedevelopmentandchangesofeverything,thereiscausalrelationshipBecausethefruitisproducedatthesametime,thefruitisbornandthefruitisdestroyedbecauseofthedeathThisistheoriginofthelawofSakyamunisaidThinkthisisthebasiclawoftheuniverse,nature,heavenandearth,andthisisthebasicruleofvirtueruleinbuddhismContradiction,yinandYang,presenceandabsence,causeandeffectaredifferent,buttheyreflectthesamething,thebasiclawoftheuniverse,thatisphilosophyForexample:thematterandantimatter,scienceandtheology,bodyandsoul,politicsandeconomy,plannedeconomyandmarketeconomy,productivityandproductionrelations,thesubjectiveworldandtheobjectiveworld,freedomanddiscipline,democracyandcentralism(dictatorship),successandfailure,integrityandcorruption,wealthandpoverty,materialismandidealism,lightanddarkness,progressandbackwardness,rightsandobligations,warandpeace,thebossandtheworkers,capitalistsandworkers,praiseandcriticism,rewardandpunishment,volatilityandparticle,repulsionandattraction,current(magnet)andmagneticfield,positiveandnegativecharge,positivehalfwaveandnegativehalfwave,sineandcosine,healthanddisease,happinessandsorrow,theexternalandinternalfactors,actionandreaction,rightandwrong,lifeanddeath,goodandevil,gainandloss,insideandoutside,moreorless,EastandWest,blackandwhite,beautyWithugliness,bitternessandsweetness,loveandhate,leftandright,highandlow,dryandKun,heavenandearth,timeandspace,etcSuchunderstanding,ancient,modern,Chinese,foreign,military,Chinesemedicineandotherschoolsofphilosophyareunified,thelawofquantitativechangeandqualitativechange"Quantitativechangequalitative",theformerchangereferstochangesinquantity,suchasincreaseordecreasethelatterchangereferstotheoppositionbetweenthetwothings,things,includingthephenomenon(includingthinking)mutualtransformation,thatis,qualitativetransformationThetwooppositethings(opposites),things,phenomena(includingthinking),donotchangefrommutationtomutation,butfrommutationtomutationThereisatransitionfromagradualchangeofquantitytoanextremeandaqualitativeleapThisisthesecondlawofMarx'sphilosophyandthelawofquantitativechangeandqualitativechange,thelawofaffirmativenegation:Thelawofaffirmativenegationreferstotheoppositeofopposites,thetwothings,thelawofmutualtransformationbetweenthingsandphenomenaTheopposite(opposite)ofthetwothings,betweenthingsandphenomena(includingthinking)mutualtransformation,withrepetition,thatis,repetition,alsoknownasperiodicityButthisrepetitionisnotasimplerepetition,butaspiralupward,wavydevelopmentThisisthethirdlawofMarx'sphilosophyandthelawofaffirmativenegationThelawofaffirmativenegation,alsocalledthelawofnegationofnegationMarxphilosophy,theancientworldvariousphilosophicalschoolsscatteredfragmentedphilosophyunifiedcompletephilosophicalsystem,isoneofthepartoftheMarxdoctrinePhilosophy,alsoknownasdialecticsHagel'sphilosophyimpliedinthestory,verymysterious,mysteryofmysteries,itisdifficulttounderstandInfact,dialecticsdealswithtwothingsofOpposites(opposites),thelawsofthelawoftherelationshipbetweenthingsandphenomena(includingthinking)ThetwothingsofOpposites(opposites),therelationbetweenthingsandphenomena(includingthinking),aremutualtransformation,mutualrestraint,andthelawofunityofoppositesMaoZedong'sbook"contradictiontheory"brilliantlyexpoundstherelationshipbetweenthetwosidesofthespearandshieldForexample,thebossandthetwoearnersareinterdependent,contradictoryandcontemporaneous,andtheyareinthecapitalistsocietyofprivateownershipforalongtimeThepresentmathematicalabstractisusedtodescribedialecticsLine:withtheoriginoftheaxisstraightlineiscalledtheaxisofjuniorhighschoolstudentsknowThelinearaxisreflectstheOnedividesintotwoview,butdoesnotrepresenttheopposite(opposite)two,mutualtransformationbetweenideasandphenomenaTherefore,thedevelopmentoftheconceptoflinearaxisParkopeningaxis:Lettheearthisaperfectsphere,thepeopleontheearth(micro)viewsurfaceisaplaneonthegroundAnypointoforigin,theoriginalongtheEast,West,SouthandnorthdirectionofanyAxisaxisisastraightlinedrawingButifthestationinspace(macro),paintingisaninfinitenumberofopenparkSuchagardenwithanopenendwithanorigin,InamedtheparkopeningaxisTheopeningparkonthenumberaxis,themagnitudeanddirectionofchange,theoppositedirectionofthetwopolesofthedistancebetweenaspacepointSphericalaxis:Infinitesetoftheparkopeningline,namedsphericalaxisIftheaxisoftheearthinasphericalorigininSouthPole,theninthearcticpolepointearthNow,tounderstandthedialectic"opengardenaxis"and"sphericalaxis"mathematicaltoolsOneexample,Leninsaid,"truthgoesforwardonestepfurther,isfallacy""ApairofOpposites(opposite),thingsandphenomenaaremutuallytransformed,andthistransformationisfromquantitativechangetoqualitativechangeForexample,withthepositivedirectionoftheaxisoftheparkopeningonbehalfof"truth","falsenegativedirection"Thedistancebetweenthetwopolesof"truth"and"fallacy"isonlyonepointTherefore,when"truth"wenttotheextreme,forwardalittlemore,notasmallstep,"isafallacy"Viceversa。Therefore,Leninsaidthattruthgoesforwardonestepfurther,thatis,fallacyExampletwo,MarxassertedthattheCommunistsocietywasboundtocometrueTheeconomicownershipofhumansocietyisdividedintopublicownership(lowerprimitiveclanpublicownership,advanced,idealwholehumanownership)andprivateownership(homeownership,stateownership)Publicownershipandprivateownershipareopposite(opposite)thingsThehistoricaldevelopmentofhumansocietyisthattheprivateownershipsociety(wherethereisfamilyandcountry)hasdeniedthematriarchalsociety,whichistheoriginalpublicownershipsocietyAfterseveralyearsofthedevelopmentofprivateownershipsociety,themoreadvancedandidealpublicsocietyinthefuture,namelytheCommunistsociety,willinevitablyhaveanothernegationtotheprivatesociety"SoMarxassertedthattheCommunistsocietywasboundtocometrueinthefutureIftheoriginofsphericalaxisrepresentinghumanexistingprivateownershipsocietyPoles,saidthefutureofhumansocietyisthepublicownershipoftheCommunistsocietyThen,fromtheorigin,thatallcountries,startingfromtheprivateownershipsocietyofallpoliticalparties,organizationsandallmankindwillbeinadifferentspeed,differentdirections,differentwayalongadifferentpathforward(longitude)Eventually,almostatthesametime,theyreachthepoles,thatis,theCommunistsocietywhichisinthepublicownershipTherefore,theCommunistsocietyistheinevitabledevelopmentofhumansociety,nottoanyone'swillEachcountry,politicalparty,doesn'thavetocompetetodosomethingaboutitMarx'sphilosophyappliestothewholeuniverseofmaterialandantimatter,Marx'sMethodologyMarx'smethodologyorscientificattitude:seekingtruthfromfacts,concreteanalysis,everythingfromrealitySummaryMarxdoctrineisasystem,whichcontainsthreeparts:,thebeliefandidealofMarxdoctrine:believeinthepeopleoftheworld,lovethepeopleoftheworld,servethepeopleoftheworld,andtheidealistomakegreatcontributionstothepeopleoftheworld,Marxthoughtandtheoreticalweapon:threelawsofMarx'sphilosophy,Marx'smethodology:(orscientificattitude):seekingtruthfromfacts,concreteanalysis,everythingfromrealityWhatisMarxdoctrinePleaseseetheauthor'sdefinition:Thefaithofallmankind,theapplicationofMarxphilosophytheorytosolvetherevolutionandeconomicdevelopmentpractice,seekingtruthfromfacts,concreteanalysis,everythingfromrealityThisistheMarxdoctrineNotes:afewbasicconceptsOne,theuniverseview,thecosmologyofMarx'sPhilosophyMarxbelievesthat"theuniverseismaterial",theuniverseisspace,theuniverseisthetime,theuniverseisspacetimeTheuniverseismaterial,theimmediateandtheemptyarematerial,thatisspaceandtimeasmaterialObviously,theconceptofmatterhereisgeneralizedMoleculartheorybelievesthattherangeofsubstancespresentintheinfinitesimalandinfinite,knowthejuniormiddleschoolstudentssenseandmeansofscienceandtechnologyhumanperceptionarecalledmaterialthesensesandmeansofscienceandtechnologyofhumanperceptiontopart,Itisalsomatter,andscienceiscalledantimatterThiscanbeusedtodescribethelinearaxis,theoriginofEastWestantimattermatterorigin,theexistenceofthenarrowuniverseviewofScience:Hethinksthattheuniverseismaterial(Lenin)thesenseofhumanbeingandthemeansofscienceandtechnologyarecalledmatterthesenseofhumanbeingandthemeansofscienceandtechnologycannotbeperceivedasmaterialTwo,epistemologyofMarxdoctrine:,Marx'sEpistemology:existencedeterminesconsciousness,andtheexistencehereisgeneralizedTheMarxdoctrineEpistemologybelievesthereisperceptionofhumansensesandmeansofscienceandtechnologyofmaterial,inthemindofthereactioncalledconsciousnesshumansensesandmeansofscienceandtechnologytemporarilydonotperceivethematerial,inthemindofthereactionisconsciousness,awarenessofthetwotheoriesarereferredtoasmaterialism,themostthoroughmaterialism,understandingtheexistingscientifictheory,thatperceptionofhumansensesandmeansofscienceandtechnologyofmaterials,inthemindsofthereactioniscalledthetheoryofconsciousness,theexistenceofmaterialismhumansensesandmeansofscienceandtechnologydonotperceivethematter,inthemindsofthereactionisnotcalled"consciousness",thisisnotcalledtheconsciousnessoftheoryofconsciousnesscalledidealismRelativetruthandabsolutetruthRelativetruthisapplicableundercertainconditions,andabsolutetruthisapplicableunderanyconditionsButhumanbeingsneverreachabsolutetruth,becauseabsolutetruthonlyexistsinoneplace,thatis,theheartoftheuniverse,orthecenterofthesunInthecenteroftheuniverse,orinthecenterofthesun,everythingisabsolutelythesameNatureofhumansocietySofar,humansocietyhasexperiencedtwotypesofsocietyTheslavesocietywasformerlyamatriarchalsocietywithprimitivepublicownershipsincetheslavesociety,ithasbeenapatriarchalprivatesocietywithfamilyandstateexistenceMarxthinksthatfamilyishusbandandwife,husbandandwifeishomeAhouseisnotahome,butahomeHomeisprivate,thatis,husbandandwifeisprivate,issmallprivateThestateisthecollectionofthefamily,thecollectionoftheprivate,thestateisthebigprivateAsocietythathasbothhomeandcountryisaprivatesociety"Itcanbeseenthatintoday'shumansociety,exceptfortheprimitiveclanclanwhichretainstheprimitiveclansocialcharacteristics,theyareallprivatesocietyNowadays,theprivateownershipsocietyhasbeencompletelydevelopedintoaprivatecapitalistsocietyThedevelopmentofeconomydependssolelyoncapitalNocapital,nooneexpectsPrivatecapital,stateownedcapital,arecapital,theessenceisprivateCapitalisagoodthing,andhumansurvivalisinseparablefromitCapitalitselfisnotgoodorbad,theproblemisinthepossessionofcapitalpeopleAndthekeyisamanagementproblemMarx'sPoliticalEconomyMarx'spoliticaleconomictheorywasthereflectionofpoliticaleconomyunderthehistoricalconditions,whichwasonlyapplicabletothepoliticalandeconomicconditionsatthattimeMarx'spurposeofstudyingpoliticaleconomyistostudythecurrentsituationofhumansocietyatthattimePointedoutthat"theuseofcapitaltoenslavethecapitalistswithpressure,pressureofnecessityandexploitedworkersofsurplusvaluerights"allthereactionaryregimerepresentedthebourgeoisandbourgeoisinterestsandcollusiontosuppresstheworkers'movementTheproletariatcannotcontrolandgraspwithoutcapital,capital,theproletariatispoorandenslaved,rootcauseandtheexploitationofthecompressionpressureofnecessityMarxtoldtheproletariattochangethestatusquo,onlytosavethemselves,toliberatethemselves,toriseuptheirownrevolutionBeforetheadventoftheCommunistsociety,theexistenceoftheprivatecapitalistsocietywasaverylonghistoricalstageInthehistoricalperiodoftheprivatecapitalistsociety,howtosolvethesharpproblemofthecapitalist"therighttousecapitaltoenslaveandexploitthesurplusvalueoftheworkers",andtomakethehumansocietyfairandharmoniousIntheformerSovietUnionandthesocialistcamp(includingtheMaoZedongera),theworkingclassandtheCommunistPartyofChinaadoptedthearmedrevolutionandseizedpower,andnationalizedthecapitalandmadethestateownedeconomy,thatis,socialismInthecontemporaryeraofDengHuHuinChina,socialismwithChinesecharacteristicsisthecapitalistsocietyofprivateownershipofhumanbeingsInwesterncountries,theCommunistPartyoftheproletariatanditsbloodlessstrikemovement,aftermorethanyearsofstruggletorefusetobecowedorsubmitinapeacefulway,finallywontheirownpolitical,economic,culturalandotherfieldsofbasicrightsThenatureofChina'spresentsocietyisstillaprivateeconomicsociety,includingtheeconomicstructureoftheproperproportionofthetwosystems:thestateownedeconomyandthehomeownershipeconomyThisisliketwolegs,twolegs,ahealthyandeffectivedevelopmenttoeconomicconstructionThesocialistmodelofstateownedeconomyisjustlikewalkingononeleg,anditishardtogoonDeng'sreformonlyrestoredthetruecharacteroftheprivateeconomicsocietySomepeopleareafraidofcapitalism,butinfact,capitalisagoodthing,nocapitalcandoanything!Today'shumansocietyhasbeenfullydevelopedtothefullperiodofcapitalistsocietyAsforthemanagementofthehumancapitalistsociety,thatisapoliticalissueForexample,EastChinaisthepoliticalsystemofmultipartycooperationamongtheCommunistparties,andthewest,theUnitedStatesandothercountriesarethepoliticalsystemofmultipartyfreecompetitionAnation,anation,andapoliticalsystem,whichistheinternalaffairsofthecountryandthenation,hasnorighttointerferewithitThereisacontradictionbetweenthepoliticalsystemofmultipartycooperationinonepartyandthepoliticalsystemofmultipartycompetition,andthereisnogoodorbadproblemTheunityofoppositesbetweenthetwopoliticalsystemsoftheEastandthewestofthehumansocietyconformstotheunityofoppositesofphilosophy,whichisinitselfakindofperfectionPoliticsandeconomyPoliticsandeconomyareapairofcontradictions,thetwoareinterdependent,andrestricteachotherEconomyisthefoundation,politicsistheedificeEconomyleavespolitics,economyislikeafaucet,butitdoesn'tworkPoliticsleavetheeconomy,politicsisthecastleintheairMarketeconomyandplannedeconomyMarketeconomyandplannedeconomyareapairofcontradictions,lackofone,cannotdevelopstablyforalongtimeDeng'sreformiscalledsocialismwithChinesecharacteristicsInthe"stateownedeconomy"modeofsocialism"hasallowedtheexistenceanddevelopmentofaneconomicsystem"(calledfeatures),istorestoreprivateownershipofcapitalistsocietyasitisinlinewiththeactualsituationofhumansocietyforprivate,peoplecanacceptChineseChina"stateownership"as"publicownership",thehousewhenthefamily(private),theirfocushasbeendugout,eating(eat)publiccanteens,"twoPing",thesuddenmovementofpeople'scommuneiscommunism,Chineseadvanceintocommunism"bigjokeNowadays,somepeople,evenontheuniversitytextbooks,regardthe"stateownership"as"publicownership",whichisnotsomethingnewIfyouletitgoon,Idon'tknowwhatwillmakeabiggerjokeinthefutureAllthepublicownershipofallmankind,thatis,thearrivalofCommunistsociety,isstillveryfarawayTherealizationofcommunismisamatterofcourse,andthereisnoneedforpeopletostruggleforitExplain:,MarxdoctrineisnotonlyChinese,butalsohumanbeings:DonotthinkthatMarxdoctrineisforeign,infact,Marx'sMarxdoctrineisnotonlyfortheChinesepeople,butalsoforallmankindGodisthereincarnationoftheteachingsofMarx(whowasLaoTzu),MarxintheChinesereincarnation,ChinacameintheMarxdoctrineButconsideringthewallflowerwallincense,nineheaven"bookofchanges"intheChinacamenotincense,worshipofdefeatandChineseforeignersdonotbelieve,butthatisasuperstitiontohellTherefore,MarxabsorbedtheSakyamuniBuddhainthewesternexperience,andcametothereincarnationofMarx,Chineseforesightsmellincenseandthengoback,"thescriptures",aboutMaoZedongthought:ChairmanMaosaid,"thetheoreticalbasisforguidingourthinkingisMarxdoctrine"Whydidn'tMaoZedong'sideasbementionedChairmanMaosaid,"Marxisagentleman,andIamastudent""MaoZedong'sthoughtwaslearnedfromMarx,andMaoZedong'sthoughtwasMarxdoctrineIfweinsistonMaoZedongthought,MaoZedongthoughtisthesameasthatofMarxMaoZedongisthesuprememodeloflearningandapplyingMarxdoctrineTherefore,itismeaninglesstomentionMaoZedong'sthoughtaloneOnthethof,somepeopleputforwardMaoZedongdoctrine,andMaoZedongdisagreedAfterthemeeting,MaoZedongthoughtappearedagainonthedocument,andMaoZedonghadtoacquiesceMarxdoctrineisthehighestandbestguidingideology,andthereisnoother"doctrine","thought"canbecomparedwithit,latergenerationscanlearngood,gooduse,justfineHowever,itisnormalforpeopletounderstandthedoctrineofMarxandabidebythelawofnegationofnegation,andtheemergenceoftrueandfalseMarxdoctrin
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指导我们思想的理论基础是马克思主义(The theoretical basis for guiding our thinking is Marx doctrine)

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