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首页 2018年南京市溧水区中考英语一模试卷(带答案)

2018年南京市溧水区中考英语一模试卷(带答案).doc

2018年南京市溧水区中考英语一模试卷(带答案)

在那风雨中抱紧
2018-12-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2018年南京市溧水区中考英语一模试卷(带答案)doc》,可适用于职业岗位领域

年南京市溧水区中考英语一模试卷(带答案)WordBank:Update更新Unfortunately:不幸的是entry:进入WherewillthestudentsfinallygointheafternoonAThecitycenterBTheparkCStFagansNationalHistoryMuseumDTheScienceandTechnologyMuseumHowmuchshouldeachstudentpayfortheschooltripA$B$C$DIt’sforfreeThesecondnoticeissupposed(为了)toAfurtherexplainthedetailsBtellstudentsaboutchangesintheplanCtellstudentsthedateDrepeattheplanfortheschooltripBThirteenyearoldSophiehadbeenbullied(欺凌)atschoolforovertwoyearsShehadhadherkeysandmobilephonestolenShehadalsobeenknockedoffherbicycle,kickedandpunched(以拳重击)Shetriedtofightback,butitalwaysseemedtobeher,notthebullies,whogotintotroubleHerheadmasterencouragesstudentstolookafteroneanotherHeencouragedSophietoplaytheguitarinaschoolconcertItgaveSophienewconfidenceandearnedherrespectfromtheotherstudentsSadly,Sophie’sstoryisnotrareBullyingisalwaysaroundusTheycantakemanyformsAndtherearenewbulliesCyber(网络的)bulliescanbehardertoavoidandhardertocatchItistooeasytosendanamelessthreatbytext,orpostsomethinginsulting(侮辱的)onsocialmediaYettheresultscanbeseriousforthevictimButhelpisoutthereTherearemanycharitiesandorganizationsgivingsupporttoyoungpeopleRememberoneveryimportantpieceofadvice:Ifyouarebeingbullied,don’tputupwithit–tellsomeoneInthebeginning,SophiefoundittofightbackwhenshewasbulliedAimportantBeasyChelpfulDdifficultWecaninfer(推断)fromthearticlethatcyberbulliesAcanbehardertostayawayfromBarelessseriousthanschoolbulliesChavealonghistoryDarearesultofschoolbulliesThewritersstartstotalkaboutthetopicofbulliesbyAexplainingwhatbulliesareBgivinganexampleCdiscussinghowcommonitisDmentioningwaystofightCAmotherheldhernewbabyandveryslowlyrockedhimbackandforth,backandforth,backandforthAndwhilesheheldhim,shesang:I’llloveyouforever,I’lllikeyouforalways,AslongasI’mliving,mybabyyou’llbeThelittleboygrewHegrewuntilhewasnineyearsoldAndheneverwantedtocomeinfordinner,heneverwantedtotakeabath,andwhengrandmavisited,healwayssaidbadwordsSometimeshismotherwantedtosellhimtothezoo!TheboygrewHegrewuntilhewasateenagerHehadstrangefriendsandheworestrangeclothesandhelistenedtostrangemusicSometimesthemotherfeltlikeshewasinazoo!ThatteenagergrewHegrewuntilhewasagrownupmanHelefthomeandgotahouseacrosstownWell,thatmother,shegotolderShegotolderandolderandolderOnedayshecalleduphersonandsaid,“You’dbettercometoseemebecauseI’mveryoldandsick”SohersoncametoseeherWhenhecameinthedoorshetriedtosingthesong:I’llloveyouforever,I’lllikeyouforalways,Butshecouldn’tfinishbecauseshewastoooldandsickThesonwenttohismotherHeheldherinhisarmsveryslowlyrockedhimbackandforth,backandforth,backandforthAndhesangthissong:I’llloveyouforever,I’lllikeyouforalways,AslongasI’mliving,myMommyyou’llbeThisstoryisaboutAmotherandsonBfatherandsonCmotheranddaughterDfatheranddaughterFromtheunderlinedsentence,wecanknowthattheboymightwhenyoungAmakemuchtroubleBhavegoodmannersCshowedloveproperlyDshowedgiftinsportsTheunderlinedphrase“Aslongas”meanssimilartoAsinceBifCwhileDthoughWhichofthefollowingisNOTTrueaccordingtothisarticleATheboy’smothersoldhimtothezoowhenhewasnineyearsoldBTheboyhadstrangefriendswhenhewasateenagerCTheboydidn’tlivewithhismotherwhenhegrewupDThereturntoshowedhisloveforhismomintheendDHouseworkisanendlessargumentbetweenlazyhusbandsandtheirhardworkingwives,butwomenarewarnednottoexpectmentosharehouseworkanytimesoonAstudyfromOxfordUniversityhasfounditseemsimpossibleformentobedoinganequalshareofhouseworkbeforeMotherswillcontinuetoshouldertheburden(负担)ofchildcareandhouseworkforthenextfortyyears,largelybecausehouseworksuchascleaningandcookingisstillthoughtoftobe“women’swork”Thegap(鸿沟)hasnarrowedslowlyoverthepastyearsWomenexpecttrueequality(平等)ButwhatmakesthemdownisthatitwilltakeanotherfortyyearsbeforeitisachievedTheresearchfoundthatinthenorthernEurope,theburdenofhouseworkissharedmoreequallybetweenmenandwomenIntheUK,awomanspendsaroundfourhoursandfortyminuteseachdayonhousework,comparedwithtwohoursandtwentyeightminutesformenThisisanimprovementfromthes,whenBritishwomentypically(典型地)spentsixhoursadayonhousework,whilemenspentjustminuteseverydayButprogresstowardshouseworkequalityappearstobeslowinginsomecountriesDrOrielSullivan,aresearchreader,said,“we’velookedatwhatisinfluencingtheequalityinthehome,andwehavefoundthatcertaintasksseemtobegivenaccordingtowhethertheyareviewedas‘men’swork’or‘women’swork’”DrSullivansaidculturalattitudes(态度)taughtatschoolmaydecidetheviewsofhousework“Atschoolitismucheasierforagirltobeatomboy,butitismuchmoredifficultforaboytoenjoycookinganddancing,”shesaidWomenwillcontinuetodomorehouseworkbeforemainlybecauseAmenaretoobusytohelpBtheywouldliketodosoCtheycandobetterDitisconsideredaswomen’sworkTheunderlined“it”inParagraphrefersto(指代)AtheresearchBtruehouseworkCtrueequalityDthegapFromParagraphweknowthatintheUKAmennowspendjustminutesadayonhouseworkonaverageBwomennowaretoobusywiththeirworktodohouseworkCwomennowspendlesstimeonhouseworkthanbeforeDhouseworkissharedequallybetweenmenandwomenismentionedinthelasttwoparagraphs(段)ofthearticleAWhatmenthinkofhouseworkBHowmuchhouseworkwomenspendonhouseworkCWhatinfluencespeople’sviewofhouseworkDWhymenshouldsharehouseworkWhatisthemainideaofthispassageAArgumentabouthouseworkbetweenhusbandsandwiveswillendBWomenwillbedoingmorehouseworkthanmenuntilCMenareunabletohelptheirwiveswithhouseworkDWomenspendlesstimeonhouseworkwhilemenspendmorethanbefore非选择题(共分)四、填空(共小题每小题分满分分)A)根据括号中所给的汉语写出单词使句子意思完整正确并将答案填写在答题卡标号为,的相应位置上。Someforeignersliketo(给)themselvesfunnyChinesenamesForexample,afriendofminecallhimself“HaoLihai”Asthesunshinesbrightly,everythingreturnstolifewhen(春天)comesHuangZichangisarisingstarintheCSLAbright(未来)iswaitingforhimThereisnothinggoodinwar,(除了)itsendingFangPingisspoken(高度地)ofbyallthestudents’parentsB)根据句子意思用括号中所给单词的适当形式填空并将答案填写在答题卡标号为,的相应位置上。Inthemovie,abadpersonisactuallyawolfina(sheep)coat(cross)YuxiuRoadandwaitforthebusatthatbusstopThetradewarwillcutboth(way)ItshouldbeavoidedTodayiswarmand(sun),itisgoodforatripCouldyoutellmehow(succeed)inmakingaspeechinfrontofpeopleBeconfidentC)根据对话内容从下面方框中选择适当的单词或短语填空使对话内容完整正确并将答案填写在答题卡标号为,的相应位置上。M:Doyouknowwhothecompass(指南针)wasinventedbyW:OfcourseItwasinventedby,rightM:ExactlyAndyouknowwhenitwasfirstinventedW:NoButIknowtherewerewrittenofSouthpointingFishintheSongDynastyM:That’struePeopleinthethcenturybegantouseaninstrumentcalledSouthpointingFishtoshowW:HowdiditworkM:Whenitisthewater,thefloatingfishhasitsheadpointingtothesouthW:Itwasn’tthefirstrecordedcompass,wasn’titM:No,ofcoursenot“Sinang”appearedmuchearlier,intheWarringStatesPeriod(战国)W:Sothehistoryofcompasstooveryearsago五、阅读短文(共小题每小题分满分分)A)阅读下面短文根据所读内容在文章后第,小题的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词并将答案填写在答题卡标号为,的相应位置上。注意:每个空格只填个单词。Ecofriendly(环保)raingardenshavebeautifulflowers,treesandotherplantsthatbeautifythecommunityTheyarealsohealthyfortheenvironmentandthepeoplelivingandworkingnearbyAraingardenisnotverydifferentfromatraditionalgarden,ItisjustfarmoreecofriendlyUsuallyitisbuiltlowerthanthegroundWhyEcofriendlyRainGardensAreRecommendedRaingardenssmartlyusedrainandstormwaterbytemporarily(暂时)holdingwaterfromrainandstormsandlettingitsoak(渗透)slowlyintothegroundbeforeitrunsintostreamsorentersthepublicdrinkingwatersupplyInthisway,araingardenkeepsthewater,allowingittobeusedasneededbyplantsintheraingarden,ratherthanflowing(流)directlyintonearbystreamsandgoingunused,ThewaterwillsoakSlowlyintothegroundwithinadayortwoThiscreatesanadvantagethattheraingardendoesnotallowmosquitoes(蚊子)tobreed(繁殖)Thisisasimple,attractive,andecofriendly“green”waytotreatstormwaterWhat’smore,plantingaraingardenhelpscutdownonpollutionandmaketheenvironmentbetterThegardensdon’tuseexpensivemachineryandchemicalsTheyremoveharmfulchemicalsintherainwaterandreducetheamountofpollutionreachingstreamsandriversbyuptoHowYouBuildYourOwnRainGardensNative(本地的)plantsarerecommendedforraingardensbecausetheyaremoreusedtothelocalclimate(气候),soil,andwaterconditionsTheymayattractlocalwildlifesuchasnativebirdsWateryourraingardenrightafterplantingandonceaweekDon’twateritifyouhavehadatleastaninchofrainduringtheweekYouneedn’ttakemuchcareofitoncetheplantshaveanecessaryrootsystem(根系统)Often,localgovernmentsandprivatebusinessesdeveloplargeraingardensintheiryardsandinpublicparksHowever,youcandoyourownpartYoudon’tneedtobeanenvironmentalengineertocreatearaingardenJuststartbybuildingsmallerraingardensinyouryardsEcofriendlyRainGardensDefinition(定义)#Ecofriendlyraingardensarefarmoreecofriendlygardensunderthegroundofraingardens#RaingardensuseraininwaysRainwaterisheldandsoaksintothegroundbeforerunningintostreamsorthedrinkingwatersupply#Theymosquitoesfrombreeding#TheyhelptocutdownonpollutionandtheenvironmentofthepollutionisreducedusingmachineryandchemicalsHowyoubuildthegarden#Usenativeplantsbecausetheyaremoreusedandmayattract#WaterthegardenyouhavehadatleastaninchofrainduringtheweekConclusion#Tocreatesuchagarden,youneedn’tbeanenvironmentalJuststartbybuildingsmallonesinyouryardsB)根据短文内容和首字母提示填写所缺单词并将答案填写在答题卡标号为,的相应位置上。LeonardodaVinci’s(达芬奇)mothermayhavebeenaChineseslave(奴隶)accordingtoanewresearchbyanItalianAngeloParaticoHehasspentthelastyearslivingandworkinginHongKong,researchingthelinks(联系)bhishomelandandChinaItisbelievedthatLeonardodaVinci’smotherwasnamedCaterina,who,accordingtosomereports,wasalocalfarmerButMrParatico’snewworkleadstoadexplanationSpeakingtotheSouthChinaMorningPost,MrParaticosaid,“IamsthatLeonardo’smotherwasfromtheEast,buttomakeheraChinese,weneedtouseadeductivemethod(演绎法)”AngerloParaticohassmanydocuments(文献)HefoundthatonewealthyfriendofLeonardo’sfather’shadaslavecalledCaterinaAfterLeonardo’sdateofb,shedisappearedfromthedocuments“Shewasnolongerworkingthereandcouldnotbefound,”ParaticoaSupportinghisopinion,hesaid,“Duringtheperiod,countrieslikeItalyandSpainwerefofslavesfromtheEast”Hesaidthattherewerecertainaspects(方面)ofDaVinci’slifeandworkswhichsuggestaChineselinkAneisthathewaswritingwithhislefthandfromlefttorightAndhewasavegetarian(素食者),whichwasnotcommonMonaLisa(蒙娜丽莎)isprobablyapictureofhismotherOnthebackofMonaLisa,thereisaChineselandscapeandeherfacelooksChineseMrParaticosaidtheonlywaytosthemysteryistoextract(提取)someDNAButhesaidhepreferredtoletthemysterytoremainmysterious六、书面表达(满分分)假设你是SunshineMiddleSchool的Andy你校最近开办了一个“英语角”你想邀请你班上的澳洲交换生Peter参加请你结合下列的海报写一封邮件给他。注意:、覆盖海报要点要写出参加的理由可适当发挥。字数词左右邮件的开头与结尾已经给出不计入字数。邮件中不得出现有关考生个人身份的任何信息如班级名、人名等。DearPeter,WouldyouliketocometothenewlyopenedEnglishcornerwithmeLookingforwardtoyourreplyYours,Andy溧水一模参考答案BDBAADCBCCDBDDBBCAABADADBCCBDABAABADCCCB四、AgivespringfutureexcepthighlyBsheep’sCrosswayssunnytosucceedCtheancientChineserecordsdirectionsputintogoesback五、AbuiltAdvantagessmartenteringpreventstopkeepimprovewithoutwildlifeunlessengineer六、Bbetweendifferentsurestudiedsearchedbirthaddedfullexampleevensolve七、DearPeter,WouldliketocometothenewlyopenedEnglishcornerwithmeTheEnglishcornerisinRoomintheArtBuidingItwillbeopenfrom:to:pmeveryWednesdayandFridayWecantalkaboutmanyinterestingthingsinEnglishOfcourse,wecantalkaboutlearningEnglishItwillbeagoodchanceforustoshareourloveforEnglishAtthesametime,wecanmakefriendswithstudentswhohavesimilarinterestsIthinkmanystudentswillbewaitingtocommunicatewiththerePleasereplysoonIamlookingforwardtogoingtherewithyouandIamsurewewillhavegreatfuntogetherYours,Andy

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