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首页 环缝洗涤塔说明书2801956-d050_tangshan bf 2 chin_engl_omm…

环缝洗涤塔说明书2801956-d050_tangshan bf 2 chin_engl_omm_rev0.doc

环缝洗涤塔说明书2801956-d050_tangshan b…

yuan辉h
2017-09-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《环缝洗涤塔说明书2801956-d050_tangshan bf 2 chin_engl_omm_rev0doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

环缝洗涤塔说明书dtangshanbfchinenglommrev本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNTANGSHANIRONSTEELCO唐山钢铁有限公司号高炉BlastFurnaceNoRevamping煤气净化系统GASCLEANINGSYSTEM洗涤器和脱水器SCRUBBERANDDEMISTEROPERATIONMAINTENANCEMANUAL操作、维护手册FirstbilingualversionCLASSENWOLSFELDDAVIDIEGNER双语第一版CLASSENWOLSFELDDAVIDIEGNERRevDescriptionofRevisionDatePreparedCheckedApproved版本号版本修改说明日期编写审核审批No文件名称:图号:TitleofDocumentDesignation:DrawingNumber:DCHINENGLdocDCHINESExxxdocDDOrderNumber:ReferenceDocuments:订货号:参考文件:,PIdiagram,PI图Page:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNPreface前言FunctionalDescriptionandProcessData功能描述和工艺参数PreScrubberandAnnularGapScrubber预洗涤塔和环缝洗涤塔TheDemister脱水器PlantProcessData系统工艺参数Inspection,PressurizingandAdjustment检查、加压和调整SafetyRequirements安全要求ReCommissioningafterLongTimeShutDown长时间停车后的再开车RotationControl转动控制FillingofMedia介质的充入FillingofOil加油Fillngtheperformancecurve,环缝元件必须在性能曲线规定的位置范围内进行工作。,Temperaturesoftheoverflowpipesoftheupperandlowercones,上部和下部锥体溢流管的温度在一个合理的范围内。Page:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNtobewithinareasonablerange。粗煤气放散阀RawGasPressureReliefValve必须保证定期的现场检查确保粗煤气安全阀一直保持气密性且随时都Regularfieldinspectionsshallensurethattherawgaspressurerelief能移动。valveisalwaysgastightandeverytimefreemovable喷嘴SprayNozzles喷嘴也必须进行定期检测必须清理干净阻塞的喷嘴。由于可能存在的磨ThespraynozzleshavetobecheckedonaregularbaseClogged损应该对所有喷嘴内插件的直径进行检查。同样螺钉紧的程度也应该检nozzlesmustbecleanedandallnozzleinsertsshouldbecheckedfor查。为了检查每个喷嘴的设计流速必须关掉其中一或两个喷嘴然后根据thediameterduetopossiblewearAlsothetightnessofscrewsshould流量计记录流速之间的差别。所有的喷嘴必须同样的程序。becheckedInordertocheckthedesignflowrateofeachspraynozzle,oneortwoofthenozzleshavetobeshutoffandthedifferenceoftheflowratesaccordingtheflowmetertoberegisteredSameprocedureshavetobefollowedupforallspraynozzles注意:由于对于文丘里管中水的均匀分布的要求因而必须特别注意环缝元件的喷嘴。ATTENTION:SpecialattentionhastobemadeonspraynozzlesoftheannulargabelementsduetotherequirementofevenlydistributionofwaterontheventuriconePage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNBeforerecommissioningthetopspraynozzlemustbeinspectedand在开车前必须对顶部的喷嘴进行检查清除经常会聚集在那里的杂物。possiblybecleanedupfromdebriswhichusuallywillbecollectedhere喷嘴是用铸铁加工而成的。由于这个原因它们对于压力冲击非常敏感。因ThespraynozzlebodyisfabricatedfromcastironForthisreasonthey此所有的泵必须在关闭开关阀的情况下开车。经过一段时间后在缓慢地打aresensitiveagainstpressureshockingThereforeallpumpshavetobe开这些阀门以避免产生任何压力冲击。starteduponlyagainstclosedshutoffvalvesAftershorttimethevalvemustbeopenslowlyandsmoothlytoavoidanypressureshockingWaterGuidingPipes水导向管Thefunctionofthethreewaterguidingpipesabovetheannulargap环缝元件上方的三根水导向管的作用是所水均匀分布到文丘里管内而预elementsistoevenlydistributethewatertotheventuriconewhilethe洗过的煤气是由单独入口导向管导向的。precleanedgasisseparatelyguidedthroughtheouterguidingpipeATTENTION:Duetohigherwearcausedbygreatersolidcontent注意:由于净化水中高的悬浮物含量和或高的氯含量、高的净化水压力可andorhigherchlorinecontentintheclarifiedwaterorbygreaterclarifiedwaterpressuretheguidingpipescanbewornoutoreven能导致的高磨损导向管可能被磨损甚至磨掉。被磨掉的管件损可能损坏destroyedwhichcanleadtodamageoftheAGEbycutoffand环缝元件。因此必须进行定期检查在损坏发生前更换磨损的导向管。fallingdownpipepartsThereforeregularinspectionshouldbedoneandwornoutguidingpipesmustbereplacedbeforedamagescanhappen为了避免高的磨损、腐蚀或者损坏必须一直保证设计的水的参数。对于Toavoidhighwear,corrosionordamagethedesignedwater水导向管的定期检查可以帮助发现可能存在的磨损以便于可以制作碳钢管parametersshouldalwaysbeguaranteedRegularinspectionsofthe件在下一次休风时更换。conditionofthewaterguidingpipescanhelptoobservepossiblewearandincaseofprogressingwearnewcarbonsteelpipepartscanbepreparedandduringafollowingshutdownreplacementcanbedonePage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNIfawaterguidingpipeistotallywornoutorevendestroyeditmustbecutoffandanewpipepiecemustbebuttweldedThedistancebetween如果一根水导向管已经彻底磨穿须把它切断然后与新管子对焊上。喷spraynozzleandguidingpipeshallbemmAdrawingforpipe嘴与导向管间的距离为毫米。管道尺寸和安装说明可由PW提供。dimensionsanderectioninstructionispreparedbyPWThelifetimeofguidingpipescanbeextendedifthefollowingoperatingconditionsarecontinuouslymaintained:如果连续保持以下的操作条件导向管的使用寿命可以延长:,Designedwaterpressuremaynotbeexceeded,水压不超过设计压力,Solidandchlorinecontentinsupplywatermaynotexceedthe,供给水中的固体悬浮物含量和氯含量不超过设计值designvaluePreScrubber预洗涤塔Thescrubbershouldbeinspectedfrominsidewheneverpossible(evenatshortoutages)Dustormudagglomerationshouldberemovedand有条件时(甚至是很短的休风时间内)对洗涤塔内部进行检查必须清除reported和记录积灰情况。Thescrubberwallthicknessshouldbecheckedfromtimetotime必须经常检查洗涤塔的壁厚。Iftheprescrubberwateroutletisalreadycloggedbydustboulders如果预洗涤塔出口已经被大积灰堵塞则必须将它清除。cloggingmustberemovedDuringoperationthecloggingoftheprescrubberwateroutletcanbe在运行过程中可以通过检查排水管和溢流管的温度来发现预洗涤塔水出口discoveredbycheckingthetemperaturesofdrainpipeandoverflowIftheoverflowlineiswarmerthanthedrainlinethedrainisclogged的堵塞。如果溢流管的温度比排水管的温度高表示表明排水管堵住了。MeasurementstoavoidconeanddraincloggingseeRawGasPipe防止排水锥体和排水管堵塞的措施参见粗煤气管道。Page:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNAnnularGapScrubber环缝洗涤塔DuringoperationthepressureoftheAGEwaternozzleshastobe运行过程中需根据中的表连续检测环缝元件喷嘴的压力。checkedcontinuouslyaccordingtothetableinchapterDuringshutdownthegasguidingpipesandthewaterguidingpipes在休风过程中必须清除煤气导向管和水导向管上的所有积灰检查腐mustberemovedfromanydustagglomerationandcheckedfor蚀、生锈和损坏情况。corrosion,erosionordamageTheguidingpipesintheannulargapscrubbermustbecheckedregularlyasdescribedabove环缝洗涤塔中的导向管也需要依照上述方法进行定期检查。Thelifetimeofguidingpipescanbeextendedifthefollowingoperating如果连续保持以下的操作条件导向管的使用寿命可以延长:conditionsarecontinuouslymaintained:,水压不超过设计压力,Designedwaterpressuremaynotbeexceeded,供给水中的固含量和氯含量不超过设计值,SolidandchlorinecontentinsupplywatermaynotexceedthedesignvalueThegreasecontentinthecontainmentabovethestuffingboxshouldbe必须对密封箱上方贮油环槽内油脂容量进行检查。可以通过在贮油环槽切checkedbytorchcuttingawindoworopeningtheflangeofthe出窗口或松开环缝元件入口保护盖的法兰来观察油脂液位。protectioncapfrominsidetheAGscrubberinordertovisuallyinspectthegreaselevelIfnecessarygreasemustberefilledbyuseoftheRinchnozzlesat如果需要的话必须利用密封箱上的英寸管口在进行油脂添加。贮油环thestuffingboxThegreasecontainmentmustbecompletelyfilledwith槽内必须充满油脂。grease密封箱StuffingBoxPage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNIfstuffingboxleakageoccurredduringoperationaninspectionand如果在运行过程中发生了密封箱的泄漏那么必须进行检查和维护。泄漏maintenanceserviceisrequiredTheleakagecanhavethefollowing可能是由于以下原因造成的:possiblereasons:,Toomuchgreasefilled(toohighpress)intothestuffingbox,密封箱中油脂太多(压力太高),Toolessgreasefilledintothestuffingbox,密封箱中油脂太少,Rubbersealsaredamaged(iebysharpedgesorrustor,橡胶密封垫损坏(例如被连杆表面的锋利的边缘、锈或者灰尘损坏)depositsontherodsurface),最初的油脂添加量不正确(升),Firstgreasefilling(l)hasnotbeendoneproperly,Firstgreasefillinghasnotbeenrefilledbyweeklyaddingl,在最初添加油脂后没有每周再加升油脂Ifthehoseconnectiontoweldedflange(greasecontainment)willbe如果将连接到焊接法兰(贮油环槽)的软管去掉并将水排掉可以很明显removedandwaterdrainsitisobviousthatnotenoughgreasehasbeen看到油脂加得不够。在这种情况下则必须从英寸的管口再往里面加超过filledInsuchacasetheequivalentofdrainingwaterplushasto排出水量,的油脂。berefilledwithgreasefromtheR”nozzleATTENTION:Foraccomplishmentofthestuffingboxtightness注意:为了保证密封箱的严密性损坏的密封圈必须进行更换连杆表面damagedsealsmustbereplaced,therodsurfacemustbederusted,cleanedandgreased,sharpedgesmustbegrinded的锈必须除去、清理干净和涂上油脂锋利的边缘必须磨平(径向方向(grindinginradialdirection)andpropergreasingaccordingtothe磨)按照润滑操作手册进行正确的润滑。lubricationmanualmustbemaintainedIncaseofsealreplacementthebronzebushingsshouldbechecked如果更换了密封圈则必须用塞尺对铜轴衬进行检查。withafeelergageThegapbetweenrodandbushingsshouldbecheckedfourtimeseveryPage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNIfthemaxgapontwopositionsismorethan,mmthebushings连杆与轴衬之间的缝隙必须每检查次。如果两个位置之间的最大缝mustbereplaced隙超过毫米则必须更换轴衬。Duringoperationtherodmayshowsmallvibrationsbutshouldnotmove在运行过程中连杆可能发生小的振动但是不能发生水平方向的移动否inhorizontalwayotherwisetheguidingrodpositionontopoftheventuri则必须检查文丘里管顶部导向杆或铜轴衬。coneorthebronzebushingshavetobeinspected密封箱部件的更换ReplacementofStuffingBoxParts在所需工具和人员具备的情况下更换一个密封箱的部件如橡胶密封圈一Toreplacepartslikerubbersealringsatimeofatleasthoursperstuffingboxisrequiredassumedthatallnecessarytoolsandstaffare次至少需要小时。对每个环缝元件更换铜轴衬或检查至少要准备小availableIfalsoabronzebushingsreplacementorcheckisplanned时。thanhoursshallbecalculatedforeachAGEThefollowingtenstepsneedtobefollowedtoreplacethethreerubber更换三个橡胶密封圈须依照以下是个步骤进行:seals:彻底打开顶板和钢框架(小心润滑油脂管和可能固定在钢结构上的Totallyremovethetopplateandcompletesteelframefromthebaseplate(takecareofgreasingpipesandpositionercableof液压位置传感器的电缆)。thecylinderpossiblyfixedonthesteelworkstructure)卸掉由两部分组成的防扭装置并把它与环缝元件支承杆上用销固Removetherotationdeviceconsistingoftopiecesandpinched在一起。upontheAGEguidingrod拆除密封箱的底板后可以利用两个螺丝刀或两个预先做好的Afterdismantlingthebottomplateofthestuffingboxremove毫米长的M带手柄木螺钉将个橡胶密封圈及干油分配环从密封threerubbersealringstogetherwiththegreasedistributionring箱凹槽中取出。将所有要取出的零件放在上部的液压缸的关节轴承outofthestuffingboxgroovebythemeansoftwocorkscrewsor里。twommlongMwoodscrewswithhandle,preparedbefore注意:在用钢器具拆除密封垫时不要损坏连杆或凹槽表面PushallpartstobereplacedovertheuppercylinderclevisATTENTION:Donotdamagetherodorthegroovesurfacewhiledismantlingsealswithsteelydevices现在必须用已经拆下的钢框架、链条或电缆和焊接在环缝洗涤塔锥NowtheAGEguidingrodmustbetemporarilysupportedeither体上的卡箍来暂时固定环缝元件导向连杆。bymeansofthealreadyremovedsteelframeorbychainsorwirePage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNcablesandbucklesweldedontheAGscrubberconeNowtheboltoftheuppercylinderclevishastoberemovedand现在可以拆除上部液压缸的关节轴承的螺钉当液压缸可以移动到afterthecylinderhasbeenmovedenoughtoonesidetheold足以使旧的密封圈能拿出后将新的密封圈以正确的方向(密封圈partscanbetakenoutwhilethenewoneswillbepushedinthe的敞口朝上)和正确的次序(从底部到上部:如果需要的话可以在properdirection(theopenpartofthesealsshowup)andinthe底部平板上加一新的隔离环、密封润滑油分配环密封密correctorder(frombottomtotop:anewfeltringifnecessaryfor封)加在液压缸上。thebottomplate…seal,greasering,seal,seal)overthecylinder注意:由于密封圈之间的距离不许超过轴向公差因此不要在密封ATTENTION:Donnotplaceadditionaldistanceringssincein圈间放置额外的间隔环。betweenthesealssincetheaxialallowanceisnotbeguaranteedthan将液压缸的关节轴承的卡箍再次固定好。Theboltofthecylindercleviscannowbefixedagain当液压缸再次安装好之后钢支架或链条就可以移走了。Whenthecylinderismountedagainthesteelframeorthechainscanberemoved必须检查导向杆上是否有锋利的边缘并且用砂质打磨(砂质颗粒Theguidingrodshallbecheckedforsharpedgesandpossibly尺寸不能超过)。打磨碎片和灰尘的清扫必须只能在径向方向treadedwithgrindingpaper(granularsizenotbiggerthan)且环缝元件完全打开的情况下进行。注意:在这个过程中必须对新GrindingandcleaningfromdebrisandrustshouldonlybedoneinradialdirectionandinfullyopenpositionoftheAGE然后对密封箱进行清扫和内部润滑。注意:为了的部件进行保护。ATTENTION:Duringthisprocedurethenewpartsmustbe不损坏敏感的密封凸缘请不要使用锋利的工具或器具来安装在凹protectedThestuffingboxshallthanbecleanedandgreased用塞尺表来检查安装是否正确。稍微用一点力槽内的橡胶密封圈。insideandfilledwiththenewpartsATTENTION:Donnotuse可以将一个毫米厚的片放入连杆与密封圈边缘之间。除非用力sharptoolsordevicestoplacetherubbersealsinthe推否则不能将毫米的片放入该空隙。当所有部件安装完毕后就可grooveinordernottohurtthesensitiveseallipsCheckthe以再次将底板固定好。properinstallationbyafeelergageA,mmshouldfitbetweentherodandtheseallipswithonlyalittleeffortAmmshouldnotfitinexceptwithharderpushing(rubber)Afterallthepartsaremountedthebottomplateshallbefixedagain安装转动装置。Installtherotationdevice安装钢机件框架并将顶板固定在框架上。InstallthesteelworkframeandfixthetopplateontheframePage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNGreasingSystem润滑系统Theautomaticgreasingsystemshouldbeinspectedduringevery在每次出现泄漏、分配器故障、电磁阀或控制器在现场操作箱时必须对自walkwayforleakagesormalfunctionofthedistributors,solenoidvalves动润滑系统进行检查。orcontrollersinthelocaloperationalboxAfaultreportcanbeseenatthecontrollerdisplayIncaseoffaultsrefer在控制器显示屏上能看到故障报告。关于故障可参照附件中的故障处理列totheTroubleshootinglistinannexandtomanufacturersmanual表以及制造商的操作手册。Forthefollowingmaintenanceworksrefertothemanufacturer’smaintenanceinstructions:关于下列维护工作请参照制造商的维护指南:,strainerinspectionatthegreasingpumpdischargepipe,润滑泵排水管的滤网检查,filtercheckatthegroupdistributor,分组分配器的过滤器检查,gearboxlubricationtypeandfrequency,齿轮箱润滑种类和频率RecirculationPumps循环泵Regularinspectionsonmechanicalsealsorglandpackingsare对于机械密封或填料压盖密封必须进行定期检查。同时检查泵的轴承温requiredCheckalsopumpbearingtemperatureNoise,vibrationsor度。噪音、振动或高温都是轴承磨损的标志。hightemperatureareindicationsforwornoutbearings如果是机械密封的话那么必须连续检查密封水的流量密封水的压力应Incaseofmechanicalsealsthesealingwaterflowhastobechecked该比泵体的工作压力高bar以上。continuouslyandsealingwaterpressureshouldbebaraboveoperationalpressureinsidepumpcasing关于泵的润滑和添加油脂也请参照制造商文件中的维护操作手册ForlubricationandgreasingofthepumpcheckwiththealsoPage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNmaintenancemanualinmanufacturerdocumentation:注意为了保护喷嘴免受压力冲击在启动泵前必须关闭截止阀过一会ATTENTION:Inordertoprotectthespraynozzlesagainstpressure儿后在缓慢打开。shocking,beforestartingthepump,theshutoffvalvehastobeclosedandafterafewmomenttobeopenedverysmoothly液压系统HydraulicStation在常规的检查中必须检查液压系统的泄漏、不正常的噪音、振动以及测Duringfrequentinspectionsthehydraulicstationhastobecheckedfor量仪表的正常工作。leakages,unusualnoise,hightemperatures,vibrationsandproperfunctionofmeasuringequipment为了尽早发现和修理可能的泄漏洗涤塔内阀台下的接油盘必须一直保持Thedrippingpansunderthevalveracksinthescrubbershouldalways干净和干燥。becleananddryinordertoquicklyrecognizeandfixpossibleleakages液压泵由液压油自动润滑因此不需要进行维护。Thehydraulicpumpsareautomaticallylubricatedbythehydraulicoil关于液压油由于老化引起的更换和过滤器由于污染引起的更换请参照制造andthereforearemaintenancefree商的操作手册。Forhydraulicoilchangeduetoageingandfilterchangeduetocontaminationrefertothemanufacturersmanual如果液压缸或液压泵贮存了很长时间那么必须对它们进行加油否则它们极有可能被冷凝水腐蚀。Ifhydrauliccylindersorpumpsarestoredforlongertimetheyshouldbefilledwithoilotherwisetheyarelikelytocorrodebycondensationwater水位罐LevelTanks在休风期间必须打开水位罐来检查内部情况需要时清除积灰和多余的油Theleveltanksshouldbeopenedduringshutdowntochecktheinside脂。andifnecessaryremovedustorsurplusgreasePage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNIncrustationsonlevelmeasuringinstrumentshouldberemovedFor清除液位测量仪器上的覆盖物。关于进一步的维护说明请参照制造商的操furthermaintenanceinstructionrefertomanufacturersmanual作手册。Demister脱水器Onregularbasethefollowingitemshavetobecheckedduringshut在休风和排水期间应该对下列项目进行定期检查并将结果记录在案:downanddrainageandtheresultstobereported:,Wearatthestaticguidevanes,静止导向叶片的磨损,Measurementofwallthickness,Dustrespmudagglomerationinthedemistersumptobe,壁厚的测量removed,清除脱水器集水池中的积灰尘尤其是泥,Lubricatingthehoistingarmhingesforthemanholes,润滑人孔的提升臂的铰链Watervalves水阀Routinemaintenanceorlubricationisnotrequiredotherthanperiodicinspectiontoensureproperfunctionandtightness除了周期性的检查以确保正常工作和气密性外。Fortheactuatorlubricationfrequencyandtypeofhydraulicfluidrefertomanufacturersmanual对于传动装置的润滑频率以及液压流体的种类请参照制造商的操作手册。ForperiodiclubricationofTycopositioners(spoolandspring)refertomanufacturersmaintenanceinstructions对于Tyco位置传感器内的弹簧等的定期性润滑请参照制造商的维护指Page:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECN南。CondensationTraps冷凝水收集器Duetomissingbypassofthecondensateoutletitisrequiredespeciallyaftershutdowntocleantheinnerfloatingseatofthecondensatetrap由于冷凝水出口没有旁通管路因此必须清理干净冷凝水收集器进口的浮soonafterstartup动阀座尤其是在休风再开车后。Thecondensatetrapfunctionandgastightnessshouldbechecked在运行过程中必须定期检查冷凝水收集器的作用和气密性。regularlyduringoperationDuringoutagetheinspectionholeofthecondensatetrapshouldbeopenedtoremovedustandchecktheundamagedconditionofthe在休风期间冷凝水收集器的检查孔必须打开以除去积灰并检验圆锥形conicalseat阀座的损坏情况。ATTENTION:Ifcondensationtrapsaredesignedtoosmallthe注意:如果冷凝水收集器设计得太小那么净煤气中机械水含量就会上waterdropletcontentinthecleangaswillbegoingupThesame升。如果忽略了定期维护例如清扫内部的浮动阀座也会造成同样的后果。occursifregularmaintenancelikecleaninguptheinnerfloatingseatwillbeneglectedClarifiedWaterQuality净化水质量Theclarifiedwaterqualityhastobecheckedregularlyatleastevery净化水质量必须进行定期检查至少每月一次。建议设立一个关于水的温monthItisrecommendedtosetupamonthlyreportmeasuring度、pH值、电导率、硬度、氯含量、含泥量等的月报告。temperatures,Phvalues,conductivity,hardness,chlorinecontent,sludge,etcPage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNClarifiedWaterRequirements净化水要求General概述Dependingontheblastfurnacechargingmodeandalsocleaningefficiencyofthedrygascleaningalotofdustisenteringtheannulargap受高炉的装料模式以及干法除尘煤气步骤的除尘效率影响大量炉尘将进scrubberThescrubberhasalsotocopewithimpuritiesinthegasfrom入环缝洗涤塔。洗涤塔还必须处理来自煤气中煤粉喷吹的杂物如氯化coalinjectionsuchaschlorides,fluorides,ammonia,sulphur,unburnedcarbonetcInordertoincreasethecausticityoftheblastfurnacein物、氟化物、氨、硫、未燃烧的碳等。为了增加高炉的碱度在大多数情mostcasesdolomitehastobeaddedtogetherwiththesinterButifthis况下要把白云石加到烧结矿中。但是如果白云石要单独加到高炉中的话additivewillbechargedseparatelyintotheblastfurnace,alotof大量碳酸盐将会进入洗涤塔从而导致洗涤塔进口的积灰。CarbonatescouldenterthescrubberandcausescloggingproblemsattheinletChemicalReactionsintheScrubber洗涤塔中的化学反应Asmentionedbeforetheannularscrubberwatersprayingsystemhastotakeoutfromthegasnotonlythedust,alsohalogens,whichtendto就象前面提到的环缝洗涤塔水喷雾系统不仅要从煤气中收取灰尘还有reducethePHvalueofthewaterCarbonates(Lime)withinthescrubber可能降低水的pH值的卤素元素。洗涤塔中的碳酸盐(石灰)可能来自高couldcomeeitherfromtheblastfurnaceorcouldbegeneratedby炉也可能是由于来自高炉的二氧化碳发生如下的化学反应而产生的。chemicalreactionsduetoCOfromtheBFgasasshownbelow:Page:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNGeneralEquations:总的方程式:CaOHO=Ca(OH)CaOHO=Ca(OH)COHO=HCOCOHO=HCOHCO=HHCOHCO=HHCOHCO=HCOHCO=HCOCaCO=CaCOCaCO=CaCOCaCOHHCO=Ca(HCO)CaCOHHCO=Ca(HCO)特殊反应:special:Ca(OH)Ca(HCO)=CaCOHOCa(OH)CO=CaCOHOCa(OH)Ca(HCO)=CaCOHOCOHOCaCO=Ca(HCO)Ca(OH)CO=CaCOHOCa(HCO)=CaCOHOCOCOHOCaCO=Ca(HCO)Ca(HCO)=CaCOHOCO净化水出口条件ClarifiedWaterOutletConditions石灰和碳酸盐会导致结垢问题的产生和洗涤塔出口pH值的增大。保持pH值在之间是非常重要的。Asaresult,thelimeorcarbonatescausesscalingproblemsandundesiredincreaseofthepHvalueattheoutletofthescrubberItisimportanttokeepthepHvaluewithinarangebetween,,根据TRT系统是否温度范围可以在之间Page:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNTheTemperaturerangesbetweenandC,dependingonthe悬浮灰尘的量最大应该限定至g升如果超过这个值那么就要对干operationwithorwithouttheTRT法除尘装置进行检查。ThesuspendeddustislimitedtomaxgltrIfthisfigureisexceeded在洗涤塔中不仅发生化学反应而且由于二氧化碳和一氧化碳都处于很高thefunctionofthedrygasunithastobechecked的压力因此也可以发生物理吸附。在预洗涤塔液压调节阀出口处发生了Notonlychemicalreactionsoccurinthescrubber,alsophysicalm)。降压膨胀大量煤气蒸发到大气中(可达到,NmabsorptionduetoCOandalsoCOatahighpressureAfterthehydraulicallycontrolvalveoftheprescrubberoutletpressureexpansiontakesplaceThereforealotofgasisevaporatingintheatmosphere(up净化水进口条件to,Nmm)ClarifiedWaterInletConditions:注意洗涤塔进口的净化水质量对于洗涤塔的运行以及维护是非常重要的以下的因素必须进行考虑:ATTENTION:Theclarifiedwaterqualityattheinletofthescrubber,温度:<C(无TRT时)isimportantforrunningascrubberwithaminimumofmaintenanceThefollowingparametershouldbeconsidered:,悬浮颗粒:<mg升,碳酸盐:<mg升,氯含量<mgltr,Temperature:<C(withoutTRT),电导率:<µScm,Suspendedparticles:<mgltr,Carbonates:<mgltr,Chlorinecontent<mgltr如果由于结垢而造成文丘里管的堵塞那么就必须对水进行特殊的处理。,Conductivity:<µScm如果有积灰产生那么电导率(总盐量)就会很高这些积灰就象灰尘颗粒Ifcloggingproblemsoccurintheventuriduetoscalingspecialwatertreatmentisrequired之间的粘结剂。这些水必须排掉然后重新补充新鲜水。Ifmudagglomerationoccurtheconductivity(totalsalts)canbetoohigh如果在不锈钢部件上发现有裂缝、小洞或凹痕则表明水中的氯含量太whichfunctionslikegluebetweenthedustpaticlesBlowdownand高则必须进行特殊的水处理。feedingwithfreshwaterisrequiredPage:ofC:converttempdoc本文件以英文版为准中文版仅供参考Project:TangshanIronSteelCoOperationMaintenanceManual项目:唐钢GCS操作维护手册ProjectNo:项目号:Prepared:ECN作者:ECNIfcracksorsmallholesorpittingcanberecognizedatstainlesssteelpartsthechlorinecontentistoohighandspecialwatertreatment(blowdown)isrequiredTRT工作和TRT不工作TurbineandNoneTurbineOperation在不久的将来将会进行说明。附件Instructionswillfollowinnearfuture,故障诊断:对于机械、液压、电气仪表和工艺错误的查明Annex,连续值列表:对于主要的操作参数的每小时一次的正式报告,润滑操作指南:对于润滑点、润滑量、润滑分类的说明。,TROUBLESHOOTINGManualformechanical,hydraulical,electricalinstrumentationandprocessfaultfinding,CONTINUOUSVALUESLISTisaformsheetforhourlyreportofthemainoperationdata,LUBRICATIONMANUALInstructionforgreasingpoints,amountsandgreasespecificationPage:ofC:converttempdo
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