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首页 语法填空及选词填空 I

语法填空及选词填空 I.doc

语法填空及选词填空 I

安春响雷
2019-01-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《语法填空及选词填空 Idoc》,可适用于高中教育领域

语法填空IAlotofanimalsareafraidoftheeclipse(日蚀)Birdsstop  (sing)SometimespeopleareafraidtooAstronomersknowthedatesofeclipses  theyarenotafraidTheoldastronomersofBabylonandEgypthadnotelescopes,buttheskyin  isusuallyclear,andsotheycouldwatchthestarseasilyTheystudied  intheskyandtheyalsonoticedbothtotalandpartialeclipsesBecausetheyknew  datesofeclipsestheyhadgreatpowerPeoplebelievedthattheskywasimportantTheybelievedthataneclipsecouldkillamanAboutyearsago,therewasaverylongwarOnebattle  (follow)another,andtheendnevercameDuring  ofthebattles,therewasapartialeclipseofthesunThedaygotverydark,andthesoldiersonbothsideswerefilled  fearTheybelievedthatthegodswereangrySotheystoppedfighting,andendedtheirlongwarThesunisastarItappearstobe  (big)thananyotherstarThatisbecauseitisnearus,andtheothersarefarawayThesunshinesbecauseitisveryhot,butthemoonshinesbecauseitreflectsthesun’slightItislikeabigmirrorIfwevisitedthemoon,we  (see)theearthItisalsolikeamirroranditreflectsthelightofthesun答案:singing stopdoingsth意为“停止做某事”。and 根据句意可知此处表示动作的先后关系故用and。 those 此处those指代BabylonandEgypt。 everything 此处everything代替天空上的每件事。 the 根据句意可知日期是特指的特指日蚀的日期故用定冠词。 followed 因为有表示过去的时间状语aboutyearsago所以这里填动词follow的一般过去式。one 此处one指代battle。  with befilledwith意为“充满着”。bigger 因为句中有than可以知道应填比较级故用bigger。shouldsee 根据句意应是“我们应该能看见地球”故用should动词原形。语法填空IIManyscientiststodayareconvincedthatlifeexistselsewhereintheuniverselifeprobablymuchlikethatonourownplanet  reasoninthefollowingwayAsfarasastronomerscandetermine,theentireuniverseisbuiltof  samematterTheyhavenoreasontodoubtthatmatterobeysthesamelaws  everypartoftheuniverseTherefore,itis  (reason)toguessthatotherstars,andwiththeirownplanets,  (be)borninthesamewayasourownsolarsystem  weknowoflifeonearthsuggeststhatlifewillarisewherevertheproperconditionsexistLiferequirestherightamount  kindofatmosphereThisavoidsallthoseplanetsintheuniversethatarenotaboutthesamesizeandweightastheearthAsmallerplanetwouldloseitsatmospherealargeronewouldholdtoomuchofitLifealsorequiresaconstantsupplyofheatandlight  avoidssdoublestars,orstarsthatflareup(突然发怒)suddenlyOnlysinglestarsthatareconstantsourcesofheatandlightlikeoursunwouldqualifyFinally,life  (develop)onlyiftheplanetisjusttherightdistancefromthesunWitha(weak)sunthanourown,theplanetwouldhavetobeclosertoitWithastrongersun,itwouldhavetobefartheraway答案:They 由句子结构知本句缺少主语填they代替上文的manyscientists。 the 根据题意可知matter是特指的特指那个相同的物质故用定冠词。 in 此处in表示在一种范围中故用介词in。 reasonable 此处系表结构故用形容词形式。 were 根据题意可知此处是一般过去时态故用be的一般过去式were。 What 分析句子结构可知本句为主语从句此处what用作连接代词它本身在从句中充当宾语。and 由句式结构可知therightamount和kindofatmosphere为并列关系。  This 此处this代替前面的句子。  willdevelop 考查情态动词根据句意可知当行星与太阳距离适当时生命就会产生故用will“将要”合适。 weaker 因为句中有than可以知道应填比较级故用weaker。选词填空(一)interpretthefeelingsofotherpeople 揣测他人的感受facialexpressionsandtoneofvoice 面部表情及话语theartofbeingtactful 变机智的艺术payparticularattentiontothewayacandidateforajobwalksintotheroom尤其注重求职者走进房间的方式presenttherightkindofappearance 呈现正确的面部表情relatetothecandidate’scharactertraitsandpsychologicalstability涉及候选人的性格特性以及心理素质provideconfidentialmedicalinformation 提供私密的医疗信息主题概括:理解他人的感受并不容易AunconsciouslyBreliableCexpressions Dafterall  EunwillingFcandidateGpsychologicalHrelyIliesJresponsible InterpretingthefeelingsofotherpeopleisnotalwayseasyWe  asmuchonwhattheyseemtobetellingusasontheactualwordstheysayFacialexpressionsandtoneofvoiceareobviouswaysshowingourreactiontosomething,anditmaywellbethatwe  expresswhatwearetryingtohideTheartofbeingtactful(机智的)  inpickingupthesesignals,realizingwhattheotherpeopleistryingtosay,andactingsothattheyarenotembarrassedinanywayForexample,wemayunderstandthattheyareinfact  toanswerourquestions,andsowestoppressingthemBodymovementsingeneralwayalsoindicatefeelings,andinterviewerspayparticularattentiontothewaya  forajobwalksintotheroomandsitsdownHowever,itisnotdifficulttopresenttherightkindofappearance,whilewhatemployerswanttoknowrelatestothecandidate’scharactertraits(特性)and  stabilityThisraisestheawkwardquestionofwhetherjobcandidatesshouldbeaskedtocompletepsychologicaltests,andthefurtherproblemofwhethersuchtestsactuallyproduce  resultsFormanypeople,beingaskedtotakepartinsuchatestwouldbeanintrusion(闯入)intotheirprivatelives  ,anemployerwouldhardlyaskacandidatetorunahundredmeters,orexpecthisorherfamilydoctortoprovideconfidential(私密的)medicalinformationQuiteapartfromthisproblem,cansuchtestspredictwhetherapersonislikelytobea  employeeoravaluedcolleague       解析:H 根据句子结构可知此处需填入动词。锁定H项和I项。又根据句意可知此处表示“依赖他们看似相对我们说的”所以选H项。 A 根据句子结构及上下文可知此处应填入副词用以修饰动词expressunconsciously,所以选A项。 I 根据句子结构可知此处需填入一个动词与介词in构成一个词组lies符合句意表示“机智的艺术在于学会这些信号”故答案选I项。 E 根据句子结构可知此处需填入一个动词切需用ing形式故选E项。 F 根据句子结构和句意可知此处填入名词表示“求职者走进房间的方式”。所以选F项。 G 根据上文可知此处须填入的是与charactertraits相并列的故选G项表示“心理稳定性”。 B 根据句子结构及上下文可知可知次数须填入一个形容词reliable符合要求表示“产生可靠的结果”。故答案选B项。 D根据句子结构可知此处表示让步故选D项。 J 此空位于冠词与名词之间故可考虑使用形容词responsible符合要求在此表示“一个负责的雇员或有价值的高校毕业生”。(二)aleadingresearcherintooldage 一个做老龄研究的代表thedreamoflivingforever 永生的梦想turnintoacurseratherthanablessing 变成一个祸根而不是一个祝福拓展:turndowntheblanketsandclimbintobed 掀开毯子爬上床去

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