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首页 中考英语高频词汇

中考英语高频词汇.doc

中考英语高频词汇

张采琳
2017-09-17 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中考英语高频词汇doc》,可适用于综合领域

中考英语高频词汇中学英语组积极词汇辨析小结clothes,cloth,clothingclothes统指各种衣服谓语动词永远是复数cloth指布为不可数名词clothing服装的总称指一件衣服用apieceof,anarticleofincident,accidentincident指小事件,accident指不幸的事故Hewaskilledintheaccidentamount,numberamount后接不可数名词number后接可数名词anumberofstudentsfamily,house,homehome家包括住处和家人house房子住宅family家庭成员Myfamilyisahappyonesound,voice,noisesound自然界各种各样的声音voice人的嗓音noise噪音Ihatetheloudnoiseoutsidephoto,picture,drawingphoto用照相机拍摄的照片picture可指相片图片电影片drawing画的画Let'sgoandseeagoodpicturevocabulary,wordvocabulary词汇一个人拥有的单词量word具体的单词Hehasalargevocabularypopulation,peoplepopulation人口人数people具体的人Chinahasalargepopulationweather,climateweather一天内具体的天气状况climate长期的气候状况Theclimatehereisnotgoodforyouroad,street,path,wayroad具体的公路马路street街道path小路小径way道路途径takethisroadinthestreet,showmethewaytothemuseumcourse,subjectcourse课程(可包括多门科目)subject科目(具体的学科)asummercoursecustom,habitcustom传统风俗习俗也可指生活习惯后接todohabit生活习惯习惯成自然后接ofdoingI'vegotthehabitofdrinkingalotcause,reasoncause指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因后接ofsthdoingsthreason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由后接forsthdoird,youarerightinplaceof,intheplaceofinplaceof代替intheplaceof在…地方Anewbuildingisbuiltintheplaceoftheoldoneinsecret,inthesecretinsecret秘密地暗自地偷偷地一般用作状语inthesecret知道内情知道秘密一般用作表语Mymotherwasinthesecretfromthebeginningagirl,onegirlagirl可泛指所有女孩,onegirl一个女孩Canonegirlcarrysuchabigboxtakeachair,takethechairtakeachair相当于sitdown坐下takethechair开始开会gotosea,bysea,bytheseagotosea当海员出航bysea乘船由海路bythesea在海边gobyseathedoctorandteacher,thedoctorandtheteacherthedoctorandteacher指一个人既是医生又是老师thedoctorandtheteacher两个人一个医生和一个老师thedoctorandteacherisinoffice,intheofficeinoffice在职的intheoffice在办公室里Heisinoffice,notoutofofficeinbed,onthebedinbed卧在床上onthebed在床上ThebookisonthebedHeisillinbedinchargeof,inthechargeofinchargeof管理负责照料inthechargeof由……照料HeisinchargeofthematterThematterisinthechargeofherinclass,intheclassinclass在课上intheclass在班级里Heisthebeststudentintheclassonfire,onthefireonfire着火,onthefire在火上PutthefoodonthefireThehouseisonfireoutofquestion,outofthequestionoutofquestion毫无疑问的outofthequestion不可能的asecond,thesecondasecond又一再一thesecond第……Hewonthesecondprizebyday,bythedaybyday白天bytheday按天计算Theworkersarepaidbythedaythepeople,apeoplethepeople指人apeople指民族TheChineseisapeacelovingpeopleit,oneit同一物体one同类不同一IlostmypenIhavetobuyanewonethat,thisthat指代上文所提到的this导出下文所要说的IwasillThat'swhy…none,nothing,noonenone强调有多少nothing,noone强调有没有nothing指物noone指人Howmany…Howmuch…Noneanyone,anyoneanyone指人不能接ofanyone指人物均可可接ofanyoneofyouwho,whatwho指姓名或关系what指职业或地位WhatisyourdadHeisateacherwhat,whichwhat的选择基础是无限制的which在一定范围内进行选择Whichdoyouprefer,bananasorapplesother,anotherother后接名词复数another后接名词单数otherstudents,anotherstudentnotalittle,notabitnotalittle非常notabit一点也不I'mnotabittired我一点儿也不累。many,much,alotofmany和可数名词连用much和不可数名词连用alotof可数不可数均可但不用于否定句Ihaven'tmanybooksmuchmore…than,manymore…thanmuchmore…than后接形容词或不可数名词manymore…than后接可数名词manymorepeople,muchmorewater,muchmorebeautifulno,notno=notaanynofriend=notaanyfriendnowater=notanywaternomorethan,notmorethannomorethan相当于only仅仅只有notmorethan至多不超过majority,mostmajority只能修饰可数名词most可数不可数均可themajorityofpeoplebyoneself,foroneself,tooneself,ofoneselfbyoneself单独的独自的foroneself为自己tooneself供自己用的ofoneself自行的自动的Thedooropenedofitselfatall,afterallatall根本全然,afterall到底毕竟Afterallheisachildtall,hightall常指人或动物high常指物体Heistallfast,quicklyfast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快runfast,answerthequestionquicklyhigh,highlyhigh具体的高highly抽象的高高度的thinkhighlyofhealthy,healthfulhealthy健康的健壮的healthful有益于健康的healthfulexercisesleeping,asleep,sleepysleeping正在睡觉asleep睡着熟睡只能做表语sleepy困的有睡意的asleepingbabyThebabyisasleepI'msleepygold,goldengold指真金制品golden指金色的但金鱼用goldfishagoldringmost,mostlymost用于表感受的肯定句中相当于very当大部分大多数解时是形容词或名词mostly大部分,是副词mostpeople,thepeoplearemostly…just,veryjust表强调时是副词作状语very表强调时是形容词用作定语theveryman,justthemanwide,broadwide侧重于一边到另一边的距离broad侧重于幅面的宽广broadshouldersreal,truereal真的真实的指的是事实上存在而不是想象的true真的真正的指的是事实和实际情况相符合realgold,atruestoryrespectful,respectablerespectful尊敬有礼貌respectable可敬的值得尊敬的berespectfultotheagedoutwards,outward二者均可用作副词表示向外外面outward还可用作形容词anoutwardvoyagepleasant,pleased,pleasingpleasant常用作定语pleased,pleasing常用作表语pleased主语常为人pleasing主语常为物apleasanttripThetripispleasingunderstanding,understandableunderstanding明白事理的能体谅的understandable可理解的能够懂的anunderstandinggirl,anunderstandablemistakeclose,closelyclose接近靠近closely紧紧地紧密地closelyconnected,standcloseill,sickill做表语sick定表均可asickboygood,wellgood形容词well副词但指身体状况是形容词Heiswellagainquiet,silent,stillquiet安静的可以发出小的声音silent不发出声音但可以动still完全不动完全无声响Hestandtherestill他站在那儿一动不动也不说话。hard,hardlyhard努力hardly几乎不workhardIcanhardlybelieveitable,capableable与不定式todo连用capable与of连用Heiscapableofdoing…almost,nearly二者均为"几乎,差不多"和否定词连用用almostalmostnobodylate,latelylate迟晚lately最近近来Ihaven'tseenhimlatelyliving,alive,live,livelyliving,alive,live均为活着的living定表均可alive定表均可定语后置live只能做定语lively意为活波的allthelivingpeople=allthepeoplealiveexcited,excitingexcited使人兴奋的exciting令人兴奋的I'mexcitedThenewsisexcitingdeep,deeplydeep具体的深deeply抽象的深深深地deeplymoved,digdeepaloud,loudaloud出声地loud大声地readaloud(出声地读)worth,worthy二者均为值得worth后接doingworthy后接tobedone,ofbeingdoneItisworthvisiting=It'sworthytobevisited=It'sworthyofbeingvisitedbad,badlybad形容词badly副词不好但与need,want,require连用为"很非常"gobadIneedthebookbadlybeforelong,longbeforebeforelong不久以后longbefore很久以前notlongbefore=beforelongquite,ratherquite完全地相当于completely,rather修饰比较级quiteimpossiblehappy,gladhappy高兴幸福定表均可glad高兴只能做表语ahappygirlinstead,insteadofinstead是副词放在句首或句末insteadof是介词短语放在句中Hedidn'tseeafilmInsteadhewatchedTVHewatchedTVinsteadofseeingafilmtoomuch,muchtootoomuch后接不可数名词muchtoo后接形容词muchtooheavybeaboutto,begoingto,betodobeaboutto表最近的将来后面不接时间状语begoingto侧重打算想法betodo侧重意志计划安排I'mtomeethim(含双方事先约好的意思)raise,riseraise及物动词rise不及物动词Thesunrisesintheeastbring,take,carry,fetchbring拿来take带走carry随身携带fetch去回这一往返动作fetchaboxofchalkspend,take,pay,costspend人做主语花钱花时间spend…onsthindoingsthtake物做主语花时间pay人做主语花钱payforcost物做主语花钱join,joinin,takepartinjoin加入某个组织并成为其中的一员joinin参加小型的活动,joinsbintakepartin参加大型的活动Hejoinedthearmyfiveyearsagolearn,studylearn学习侧重学习的结果study学习侧重学习的过程研究studytheproblemwant,hope,wishwant打算想要wanttodo,wantsbtodo,hope希望(通常可以实现)hopetodohopethat…wish希望(通常不能实现)wish(sb)todo,wishsbsthnIwishyousuccessdiscover,invent,findoutdiscover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西invent发明本来不存在的物体findout发现查明Atlasthefoundoutthetruthanswer,replyanswer及物动词reply不及物动词后接toreplytotheletterleave,leaveforleave离开leavefor前往HeleftBeijingforShanghairob,stealrob抢劫robsbofsthsteal偷stealsthfromsbshoot,shootatshoot射死shootat瞄准但不一定射中Heshotthebirdanditdieddrop,falldrop及物不及物均可fall不及物动词PricesfelldroppedHedroppedhisvoicesearch,searchforsearch后接地点searchfor后接东西Hesearchedhispocketformoneyusedto,beusedtousedto过去常常beusedto习惯于后接sthdoingsth被用来后接dosthHeisusedtogettingupearlywin,lose,beatwin后接sth反义词为lose,beat后接sbwinthegame,beatthemliveon,livebyliveon以…为主食liveby靠…谋生liveonfishlivebyfishingbeat,hit,strikebeat连续性地击打hit打中对准打strike打一下或若干下beatthewingsmeet,meetwithmeet遇到meetwith体验到遭遇到meetwithanaccidentlose,misslose失去(具体的物体)错过sthislost,losethechancemiss想念错过sthismissing,missthechancebetiredof,betiredwithfrombetiredof厌烦…betiredwithfrom因为…而累了betiredwithfromrunningmeterscareabout,careforcareabout关心计较在乎一般多用于否定句中carefor关心照料喜欢愿意Hedoesn'tcareabouthisclothesIdon'tcareformoviescatchacold,haveacoldcatchacold不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用而haveacold可以Shehashadacoldforaweekchangefor,changeintochangefor调换成changeinto变成ChangetheshirtforabiggeroneWaterchangesintoicecontinue,last二者均为持续continue主动被动均可last只能用主动ThewarcontinuedlastedfiveyearsThestoryistobecontinuedfeed,raisefeed喂养养活饲养(togivefoodto)raise饲养养育(causetogrow,bringupchildren)raisethefamilygoforadoctor,gotoadoctorgoforadoctor去请医生gotoadoctor去看病notice,observe,catchsightofnotice注意到observe观察仔细地看catchsightof突然看到observethestarsinsiston,sticktoinsiston坚持要求后常接doing,stickto坚持,后常接sthsticktotheplanlook,seem,appearlook指从外表上看seem指内心的判断appear指给人以表面的印象appearwise,looklikehisfathergather,collectgather把分散的东西集中到一起collect指精心地、有选择地进行收集collectstampsmeantodo,meandoingmeantodo打算想要做某事meandoing意思是意味着BythisImeangivingthestudentsmorepracticediefrom,dieofdiefrom表示死于(枪)伤虚弱过度劳累饮食过度等dieof表示死于疾病饥饿寒冷年老忧愁失恋等精神因素dieofhungerandcoldpayfor,payback,payoffpayfor为…付钱payback还钱但不一定还清payoff还清payforthebook,payoffthedebtdivide,separatedivide把一个整体分成几部分separate把连在一起的个体分开dividetheapple,separatethehousesarrive,get,reacharrive不及物动词后接in(大地点)at(小地点)get不及物动词后接toreach及物动词arriveinBeijing,gettoBeijing,reachBeijinggrow,plantgrow使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去plant移植移栽已经长成秧苗的植物plantthetrees,treesaregrowingmanage,trymanagetodo设法做成了某事trytodo尽力去做某事但不一定成功Hetriedtopasstheexam,buthefailedchoose,selectchoose凭个人的判断力进行选择select有目的地仔细认真地选择choosethebestanswerbuild,putup,setup,foundbuild一般用语建成putup临时搭建setup建成(内部的设施基本齐全)found国家或组织的建成putupatent,setupaschoolbefamiliarto,befamiliarwithbefamiliarto某物对某人来说是熟悉的befamiliarwith某人熟悉某物ThebookisfamiliartomeI'mfamiliarwiththebookagreewith,agreeto,agreeonagreewith同意某人agreeto同意某事agreeon在…上达成一致意见主语是复数agreewithyou,agreetotheplanthrowto,throwatthrowto扔到…,throwat朝…扔Hethrowastoneatmereceive,acceptreceive收到某一东西但不一定接受accept接受Ireceivedagift,butIdidn'tacceptitwear,puton,dresswear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时dress接人,bedressedin,puton表动作It'scoldoutsidePutonyourwarmclotheslisten,hearlisten强调动作hear强调结果Ilistened,butIheardnothinglook,see,watchlook看的动作see看的结果watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展watchTVlie,laylie躺位于(lay,lain),说谎(lied,lied)lay平放(laid,laid)laythebookworkas,actasworkas工作是…actas充当某种职务或身份或扮演某种角色HeworksasateacherHeactsasaninterpretermove,removemove动一动但不一定移走remove从一处移到另一处removethetabletothekitchenhurt,injure,woundhurt感情上受伤injure事故中受伤wound战争中受伤Hewaswoundedinthewarturn,get,growturn表突变后常接表颜色的词get强调变的结果grow强调过程逐渐的变化turnyellow,gettired,growbigclose,shut,turnoffclose和shut当关解时可以通用用于可开合的物体turnoff用于指有开关的物体CloseShutthedoorTurnofftheTVsetout,setabout,setoff指出发着手解时setout后接todosetabout后接doing,setoff后接forspbegin,startbegin侧重时间的开始反义词为endstart侧重由静到动的转折反义词为stopClassbeginsat:amhappen,takeplacehappen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生takeplace必然性的发生Greatchangeshavetakenplaceinmyhometownat,in(表地点)at小地点in大地点arriveatasmallvillage,arriveinShanghaiatwork,inworkatwork在工作在上班inwork有职业有工作BothmyparentsareatworkTheyarenotathomeincreaseto,increasebyincreaseto增长到…increaseby增长了…Thenumberincreasedby,to,atease,witheaseatease舒适地安逸地withease容易地无困难地doitwitheasedayafterday,daybydaydayafterday日复一日(无变化)daybyday一天天地(有变化)Treesgrowtallerdaybydaylike,aslike相似关系但并不等同as同一关系两者实为一体Don'ttreatmeasachild(Infact,I'machild)after,in(表时间)after接时间点in接时间段after:,infiveminutesbetween,amongbetween两者之间三者或三者以上两两之间,among三者或三者以上之间SwitzerlandliesbetweenFrance,Germany,AustraliaandItalyafter,behind(表位置)after强调次序的先后behind强调物体静态位置的前后Therearemanytreesbehindthehousesince,for(完成时间状语)since接点时间或一句话for接一段时间forthreeyears,since:onthecorner,inthecorner,atthecorneronthecorner物体表面的角上inthecorner物体内部的角落里atthecorner物体外部的角落上(拐角处)onthecornerofthetablewarnsbof,warnsbagainstwarnsbof提醒某人注意某事warnsbagainst提醒某人不要做某事warnhimagainstswimminginthatpartoftheriveratpeace,inpeaceatpeace平静地inpeace和平地liveinpeacewithone'sneighborsonearth,ontheearth,intheearthonearth在世上在人间到底究竟一点也不ontheearth在地上在地球上intheearth在地下在泥土里nouseonearthinsurprise,toone'ssurprise,bysurpriseinsurprise惊奇地toone'ssurprise使某人吃惊的是bysurprise使…惊慌Thequestiontooktheprofessorbysurpriseintheair,ontheair,intheskyintheair正在酝酿中ontheair播送广播inthesky在天空中Hisshowisontheairat:tonightinthefield,onthefieldinthefield在野外onthefield在战场上Helosthislifeonthefieldinthemarket,onthemarketinthemarket表示场所或地点在市场上onthemarket出售HesellsfishinthemarketFreshvegetablesareonthemarketnowinthesun,underthesuninthesun在阳光下underthesun地球上全世界peopleunderthesuninavoice,withonevoiceinavoice出声地withonevoice异口同声地Theyrefusedwithonevoicethrough,acrossthrough穿越空间across在…上穿过throughtheforest,acrossthedesertontheway,inthewayontheway在前往…的路上intheway挡路Thechairisinthewayabove,on,overabove在上面不接触on在上面接触over在正上方flyoverthehilluntil,not…untiluntil到…为止not…until直到…才(常跟点动词连用)Iwaiteduntil:Hedidn'tcomeuntil:besides,except,exceptforbesides除了…还(包括在内)except除了(不包括在内)exceptfor整体…除了某一点以外Thecompositionisgoodexceptforafewspellingmistakeswhether,if当是否解时只有在宾语从句中二者可以互换其余都用whether当如果解时用ifIdon'tknowifwhetherhewillcomeIfhecomes,I'llletyouknowand,orand并且or或者否则常用于否定句中Idon'tlikeapplesorbananasHurryupandyou'llcatchthebusHurryuporyou'llmissthebusbecause,since,as,for原因由强到弱为:because,sinceas,for在句中的位置如下:)…because…)Sinceas…,…)…,for…SinceIwasill,Ididn'tgowhen,as,while(表时间)when从句动词点动词持续性动词均可as重在表示动作同时发生伴随进行while从句动词为持续性动词WhileIslept,athiefbrokeinthesame…as,thesame…thatthesame…as和…一样的(相似但不同一)thesame…that同一物体ThisisthesamepenthatIusedyesterday(同一支笔)aswell,aswellasaswell也常放于句末和and连用表示既…又aswellas并列连词不但…而且…Heisaprofessor,andawriteraswellsuch…as,such…thatsuch…as像…样的such…that如此…以至于HeisnotsuchafoolashelookslikeHeissuchagoodstudentthatalltheteacherslikehimbecause,becauseofbecause连词连接两句话becauseof介词短语后接词或短语Hedidn'tgotoschoolbecauseofhisillnessinorderthat,inorderto表目的inorderthat后接句子inorderto后接动词原形IgotupearlyinordertocatchthefirstbusIgotupearlysothatIcouldcatchthefirstbusforexample,suchasforexample一般只列举一个suchas列举多个例子IhavebeentoalotofAmericancities,suchasNewYork,AtlantaandChicagousedto,would表过去常常和现在相对应用usedto不提现在用wouldIusedtogetupearly,butnowIdon'tAllrightThat'sallrightThat'srightAllrightThat'sallright当好吧解时可以替换当不客气没关系解时只能用That'sallrightThat'sright那是对的SorryThat'sallrightsuch…that,so…that当如此…以至于解时such…that修饰名词so…that修饰形容词或副词但名词前面如果有many,much,little,few修饰用so…that不用suchthatsomanypeoplethat…suchalovelyboy=solovelyaboysobe(have,can,do)主语neither(nor)be(have,can,do)主语也一样肯定用so…否定用neither(nor)Ican'tplaytennisNorcanIShallI…Willyou…ShallI…征求对方意见或向对方请示意为我能…吗,Willyou…请求或建议对方做某事意为你愿意…吗,WillyouhelpmeYes,Iwill英语写作中常用的个高频短语(经济的快速发展therapiddevelopmentofeconomy(人民生活水平的显著提高稳步增长theremarkableimprovementsteadygrowthofpeople’slivingstandard(先进的科学技术advancedscienceandtechnology(面临新的机遇和挑战befacedwithnewopportunitiesandchallenges(人们普遍认为Itiscommonlybelievedrecognizedthat„(社会发展的必然结果theinevitableresultofsocialdevelopment(引起了广泛的公众关注arousewidepublicconcerndrawpublicattention(不可否认Itisundeniablethat„Thereisnodenyingthat„(热烈的讨论争论aheateddiscussiondebate有争议性的问题acontroversialissue(完全不同的观点atotallydifferentargument(一些人„而另外一些人„Somepeople„whileothers„就我而言就个人而言AsfarasIamconcerned,Personally,(就„达到绝对的一致reachanabsoluteconsensuson„(有充分的理由支持besupportedbysoundreasons(双方的论点argumentonbothsides(发挥着日益重要的作用playanincreasinglyimportantrolein„(对„必不可少beindispensableto„(正如谚语所说Astheproverbgoes:(„也不例外„benoexception(对„产生有利不利的影响exertpositivenegativeeffectson„(利远远大于弊theadvantagesfaroutweighthedisadvantages(导致引起leadtogiverisetocontributetoresultin(复杂的社会现象acomplicatedsocialphenomenon(责任感成就感senseofresponsibilitysenseofachievement竞争与合作精神senseofcompetitionandcooperation开阔眼界widenone’shorizonbroadenone’svision(学习知识和技能acquireknowledgeandskills(经济心理负担financialburdenpsychologicalburden(考虑到诸多因素takemanyfactorsintoaccountconsideration从另一个角度fromanotherperspective(做出共同努力makejointefforts对„有益bebeneficialconduciveto„(为社会做贡献makecontributionstothesociety(打下坚实的基础layasolidfoundationfor„(综合素质comprehensivequality(无可非议blamelessbeyondreproach加大了„的可能性increasethechancesof(致力于投身于becommitteddevotedto„应当承认Admittedly,(不可推卸的义务unshakableduty满足需求satisfymeettheneedsof„(可靠的信息源areliablesourceofinformation(宝贵的自然资源valuablenaturalresources(因特网theInternet(一定要由冠词字母I(方便快捷convenientandefficient(在人类生活的方方面面inallaspectsofhumanlife(环保(的)environmentalprotectionenvironmentallyfriendly(社会进步的体现asymbolofsocietyprogress(科技的飞速更新theeveracceleratedupdatingofscienceandtechnology(对这一问题持有不同态度holddifferentattitudestowardsthisissue(支持前后种观点的人peoplethoseinfavoroftheformerlatteropinion(有提供如下理由证据haveprovidethefollowingreasonsevidence(在一定程度上tosomeextentdegreeinsomeway理论和实践相结合integratetheorywithpractice„必然趋势anirresistibletrendof„(日益激烈的社会竞争theincreasinglyfiercesocialcompetition(眼前利益immediateinterestshortterminterest(长远利益interestinthelongrun(„有其自身的优缺点„hasitsmeritsanddemeritsadvantagesanddisadvantages(扬长避短Exploittothefullone’sfavorableconditionsandavoidunfavorableones(取其精髓去其糟粕Taketheessenceanddiscardthedregs(对„有害doharmtobeharmfultobedetrimentalto(交流思想情感信息exchangeideasemotionsinformation(跟上„的最新发展keeppacewithcatchupwithkeepabreastwiththelatestdevelopmentof„(采取有效措施来„takeeffectivemeasurestodosth(„的健康发展thehealthydevelopmentof„(有利有弊Everycoinhasitstwosides(不推荐用。。。)Nogardenwithoutweeds(对„观点因人而异Viewson„varyfrompersontoperson(重视attachgreatimportanceto„(社会地位socialstatus(把时间和精力放在„上focustimeandenergyon„(扩大知识面expandone’sscopeofknowledge(身心两方面bothphysicallyandmentally(有直接间接关系bedirectlyindirectlyrelatedto„提出折中提议setforthacompromiseproposal可以取代“think”的词believe,claim,maintain,argue,insist,holdtheopinionbeliefthat(缓解压力减轻负担relievestressburden(优先考虑发展„give(top)prioritytosth(与„比较comparedwith„incomparisonwith相反incontrastonthecontrary(代替replacesubstitutetaketheplaceof大写)(经不起推敲cannotbearcloseranalysiscannotholdwater(提供就业机会offerjobopportunities社会进步的反映mirrorofsocialprogress(毫无疑问Undoubtedly,Thereisnodoubtthat„(增进相互了解enhancepromotemutualunderstanding(充分利用makefulluseoftakeadvantageof(承受更大的工作压力sufferfromheavierworkpressure(保障社会的稳定和繁荣guaranteethestabilityandprosperityofoursociety(更多地强调putmoreemphasison„(适应社会发展adaptoneselftothedevelopmentofsociety(实现梦想realizeone’sdreammakeone’sdreamcometrue主要理由列举如下Themainreasonsarelistedasfollows:首先FirstFirstlyInthefirstplace,Tobeginwith(其次Second,Secondly,Inthesecondplace再次BesidesInaddition,Additionally,Moreover,Furthermore最后Finally,Lastbutnottheleast,Aboveall,Lastly,总而言之Allinall,Tosumup,Insummary,Inaword,(我们还有很长的路要走Westillhavealongwaytogo【速记口诀】一、冠词基本用法【速记口诀】名词是秃子常要戴帽子可数名词单须用a或an辅音前用aan在元音前若为特指时则须用定冠复数不可数泛指the不见碰到代词时冠词均不现。【妙语诠释】冠词是中考必考的语法知识之一也是中考考查的主要对象。以上口诀包括的意思有:名词在一般情况下不单用常常要和冠词连用表示不确指的可数名词单数前要用不定冠词a或an确指时要用定冠词the如复数名词表示泛指名词前有thisthesemysome等时就不用冠词。二、名词单数变复数规则【速记口诀】单数变复数规则要记住一般加s特殊有几处:s结尾es不离后末尾字母o大多加s两人有两菜es不离口词尾f、fes前有v和e没有规则词必须单独记。【妙语诠释】大部分单数可数名词变为复数要加s但如果单词以t蘩、蘩、s发音结尾(也就是单词如果以chshsx等结尾)则一般加es以o结尾的单词除了两人(negrohero)两菜(tomatopotato)加es外其余一般加s以f或fe结尾的单词一般是把ffe变为ve再加s英语中还有些单词没有规则需要特殊记忆如childchildrenmousemicedeerdeersheepsheepChineseChineseoxoxenmanmenwomanwomenfootfeettoothteeth。三、名词所有格用法【速记口诀】名词所有格表物是“谁的”若为生命词加“’s”即可行词尾有s仅把逗号择并列名词后各自和共有前者分别加后者最后加若为无生命词of所有格前后须倒置此是硬规则。【妙语诠释】有生命的名词所有格一般加s但如果名词以s结尾则只加“’”并列名词所有格表示各自所有时分别加“’s”如果是共有则只在最后名词加“’s”如果是无生命的名词则用of表示所有格这里需要注意它们的顺序与汉语不同。AofB要翻译为B的A四、接不定式作宾语的动词【速记口诀】三个希望两答应两个要求莫拒绝设法学会做决定不要假装在选择。【妙语诠释】三个希望两答应:hopewishwantagreepromise两个要求莫拒绝:demandaskrefuse设法学会做决定:managelearndecide不要假装在选择:pretendchoose五、接动名词作宾语的动词【速记口诀】MrsPBlackmissedabeefbag(P布莱克夫人丢了一个牛肉袋。)【妙语诠释】该句话中每个字母代表了一个动词或短语这些动词要求后面跟动名词作宾语。这些动词分别是:M=mindr=risks=succeedinP=practiceB=bebusyl=lookforwardtoa=admitc=can’thelpk=keeponm=missi=insistons=suggests=stope=enjoyd=delaya=avoidb=bewortha=adviseg=giveup。六、不定式作宾语补足语时省to的动词【速记口诀】一感二听三让四看半帮助【妙语诠释】一感:feel二听:hearlistento三让:makelethave四看:seenoticewatchobserve半帮助:help。七、形容词和副词比较等级用法【速记口诀】比较级与最高级:两者比较than相连三者比较the在前。同级比较:同级比较用原形as„as永不离as„as加not只言两者是同一若是notso„as后强前弱不看齐。【妙语诠释】比较级通常和than连用而最高级通常跟有定冠词the同级比较一般用as„as表示“与„一样”这时谁强谁弱不能比较出来而notso„as则表示后者比前者强翻译为“不如„„”。八、反意疑问句用法【速记口诀】反意问句三要点前后谓语正相反短句not如出现必须缩写是习惯最后一点应注意短句主语代词填。【妙语诠释】反意疑问句的构成应该是“肯定的陈述句否定的疑问”或“否定的陈述句肯定的疑问”在短句中not必须与dowillcan等组成缩写形式在简短问句中疑问句的主语必须是代词而不能用名词形式。九、感叹句用法【速记口诀】感叹句并不难what、how放句前强调名词用what其余用how很简单。【妙语诠释】由what引导的感叹句一般修饰名词而how引导的感叹句一般修饰形容词、副词或句子。十、宾语从句用法【速记口诀】宾语从句须注意几点事项应牢记。一是关键引导词不同句子词相异。陈述句子用that一般疑问是否(ifwhether)替特殊问句更好办引导还用疑问词。二是时态常变化主句不同从句异。主句若为现在时从句时态应看意主句若为过去时从句时态向前移。三是语序要记清从句永保陈述序。【妙语诠释】宾语从句应注意三点:引导词陈述句一般由that引导这时的that可以省略一般疑问句则由if或whether引导而特殊疑问句则由特殊疑问词引导。时态主句是现在时态从句可用所需要的任何时态但如果主句是过去时态从句时态所表示时间一般往前移一个时间段。语序宾语从句永远要用陈述句顺序。MysongotuplatethismorningHeonlyhadforbreakfastAtwobreadBtwosliceofbreadCtwoslicesofbreadDtwoslicesofbreadsroomisbigandbrightTheylikeitverymuchATomandSamBTom’sandSamCTomandSam’sDTom’sandSam’sDoyouknowhowmanyahorsehasandhowmanyabeehasOfcourseIknowAteethfeetBtoothfootCfootteethDteethfootwomaninapurpleskirtisBetty’smotherATheBACAnDNowtelephonesareverypopularandtheyaremuchthanbeforeAcheapBcheaperCcheapestDthecheaperHi,TomIsyourbrotherasactiveasyouNo,he’saquietboyHeisAlessoutgoingthanmeBnotsocalmasCmoreactivethanIDasoutgoingasIEnglishinmanycountries,butChinesetheirownlanguageAisspokenspeaksBspeaksisspokenCisspokenspeakDisspokenisspokenTheyoungmanwasoftenseenbythelakeAtodrawBtodrawingCdrawingDdrewSohotintheclassroomWouldyoumindthewindowOK,I’lldoitrightnowAnotclosingBnotopeningCclosingDopeningweather!It’sraining!Badluck!Wecan’tgoclimbingtodayAWhatbadBWhatabadCHowbadDHowabadKeys:CCAABACCD
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