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首页 大学英语-大学英语四级分类模拟题46

大学英语-大学英语四级分类模拟题46.doc

大学英语-大学英语四级分类模拟题46

差不多得夜生活
2018-06-11 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《大学英语-大学英语四级分类模拟题46doc》,可适用于领域

大学英语大学英语四级分类模拟题大学英语四级分类模拟题ListeningComprehensionSectionAQuestionsandwillbebasedonthefollowingnewsitem、AClosetohomeBFarawayfromhomeCGoodacademicreputationDMoneybackguarantee、ANearlypercentBMorethanpercentCLessthanpercentDNearlypercentQuestionsandwillbebasedonthefollowingnewsitem、AAviolenthurricaneBLonglastinghotweatherCAdestructiveearthquakeDSevereflooding、AHeavyrainshaven'tstrokeQueenslandforalongtimeBPeopleinQueenslandhavedonesomepreparationforitCTherewasnoreportsaboutpeople'smissingorinjuryDThebadweathermaybetoughforcouplesQuestionstowillbebasedonthefollowingnewsitem、AyearsoldByearsoldCyearsoldDyearsold、ATheyrefusetorealizetheirpoliticalpowerBTheyhopetogoabroadforfurtherstudyCTheyhavepowertodecidethenewgovernmentDTheyfavorthecurrentCongressparty、ATheunemploymentrateishighBThehousemarketbreaksdownCThefrustratedpoliticalsituationDPricesofgoodsrisesharplySectionBConversationOneQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheard、AHavingherbicyclerepairedBConductingamarketsurveyCLecturingonbusinessmanagementDHostinganeveningTVprogram、AHeworkedasasalesmanBHecoachedinaracingclubCHerepairedbicyclesDHeservedasaconsultant、AHefounditmoreprofitableBHewantedtobehisownbossCHedidn'twanttostartfromscratchDHedidn'twanttobeintoomuchdebt、ATheyarealltheman'sfriendsBTheyworkfivedaysaweekCTheyarepaidbythehourDTheyallenjoygamblingConversationTwoQuestionstoarebasedontheconversationyouhavejustheard、APaperprocessingBFoodtransportingCRoadsbuildingDTrainmanufacturing、AIthasgraduallygivenwaytoserviceindustryBItremainsamajorpartofindustrialactivityCItaccountsforpercentoftheregion'sGDPDIthasahistoryaslongaspaperprocessing、ALackofresourcesBShortageoffundingCTransportproblemsDPoormanagement、ACompetitionfromrivalcompaniesBProductpromotioncampaignsCPossiblelocationsforanewfactoryDMeasurestocreatejobopportunitiesSectionCPassageOneQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard、ATheysharedmanyextracurricularactivitiesBTheyhadknowneachothersincechildhoodCTheysharedmutualfriendsinschoolDTheyhadmanyinterestsincommon、AAtalocalclubBAtJoe'shouseCAttheboardingschoolDAtthesportscenter、ASocialdivisionswillbreakdownifpeoplegettoknoweachotherBOnehastoberespectfulofotherpeopleinordertowinrespectCItishardforpeoplefromdifferentbackgroundstobecomefriendsDDurablefriendshipscanbeverydifficulttomaintainPassageTwoQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard、AInhisbuilding'sparkinglotBNeartheentranceofaparkCAtastreetcornerDAtaparkingmeter、AIthadbeenstolenbysomeoneBIthadbeenmovedtothenextblockCIthadbeenparkedatawrongplaceDIthadbeentakenbythepolice、AInaneighboringtownBInthecitygarageCAttheGreenvillecenterDAtapublicparkinglotPassageThreeQuestionstoarebasedonthepassageyouhavejustheard、ACreativityasshowninartsBFamouscreativeindividualsCAmajorscientificdiscoveryDThemysteriousnessofcreativity、AItisthesourceofallartisticworkBItstartssoonafterwearebornCItissomethingpeopleallengageinDIthelpspeopleacquireknowledge、ANaturalcuriosityBCriticalthinkingCLogicalreasoningDCreativeimagination、AItispartofeverydaylifeBItisauniquehumantraitCItisyettobefullyunderstoodDItisbeyondordinarypeople答案:ListeningComprehensionSectionA、D听力原文HowdoyouchooseacollegeSomeofyoumightchooseaschoolbasedonthecoursesthatitoffersSomemightchooseonethat'sclosetohome,orreallyfarawayButhowaboutforamoneybackguaranteeLansingCommunityCollegeinMichiganisofferingthatdealtosomestudentsIfyoutakecertainclasses,andifyoudon'tgetajobwithinoneyearafteryoufinish,youcangetyourmoneyback!ThereissomefineprinttothisYoucan'tmissanyclasses,youhavetodoallyourassignments,andyouhavetoprovethatyou'vebeenlookingforajobIt'saninterestingidea,especiallyinastatewhoseunemploymentrateisnearlypercentWhatmaybetheadvantageforLansingCommunityCollege解析新闻开头列举了影响学生选择大学的因素然后用转折引出另一种因素“退回学费”并说LansingCommunityCollege就是有提供这一福利给学生D项复现原词moneybackguarantee故选D项。新闻确实有提到离家距离远近影响学生择校但这并不是LansingCommunityCollege的优点排除A、B项。C项“良好的学术声望”没有在新闻中提到。、A听力原文WhatistheunemploymentrateinMichigan解析根据新闻的最后一句话可知密歇根州的失业率接近。故A项正确。预读选项可知只有两个数据听音时还应特别注意与这两个数据相关的信息。、A听力原文Well,we'retakingyoutoAustralianexttoday,wherethestateofQueenslandinnortheastAustraliaisstrugglingthroughtheeffectsofapowerfulhurricaneIfQueenslandsoundsfamiliar,thissameregionwashitwithseverefloodingrecentlyThistime,thedisasterisCycloneYasiYasicouldbeoneoftheworsthurricanesAustraliahaseverseenWewantyoutolookatthisvideoYoucanseewhatlookslikeasignthatgotblowndown,flyingthroughthestreet,beingrippedapartPeopleinQueenslandwerewarnedaboutYasiafewdaysago,sotheyhadsometimetogetreadyButoneofficialsaiditcouldbeatoughcoupledaysWhataretheAustralianssufferingfrom解析新闻中指出澳大利亚东北部的昆士兰州正在抵御强烈的飓风澳大利亚人正在与飓风抗争。所以正确答案是A项。新闻中谈到昆士兰最近刚遭受过洪灾但这并不是当前的灾难排除D项“洪灾”。B项“长时间的炎热天气”和C项“毁灭性的地震”均没有在新闻中提到。、B听力原文WhatcanwelearnaboutYasifromthenews解析新闻中指出昆士兰州几天前就发出了飓风的预警因此灾民有时间提前为灾害做准备(hadsometimetogetready)。B项“昆士兰民众已经为抗击飓风做了准备”正确。新闻中提到昆士兰州听得很耳熟因为它不久前刚刚遭遇洪水A项与新闻内容相反。C项“无人员失踪或受伤的报道”在原文中并没有提到。新闻中讲的是一名官员称这将是艰难的几天D项利用couple一词制造干扰。、A听力原文IndiaishometomorethanbillionpeopleandsecondonlytoChina'spopulationBecauseofthathugepopulationandthefactthatit'safederalrepublicliketheUSIndiaisoftencalledtheworld'slargestdemocracyIndia'spopulationisalsoyoungItsmedianageisyearsoldIntheUSthatageisclosertoIt'snowonderwhysomanyIndianswhoareclosetothevotingageofarerealizingtheyhavepoliticalpowerThisissomethingthatcountry'spoliticiansarenoticing,tooManyyoungpeoplearefirsttimevotersGiventhatIndia'syouthmakesuphalfofitsbillionpluspopulation,howIndia'syoungvotewilldeterminethecountry'sfutureTheyareobviouslyreallyfrustratedwithcurrentpoliticalsituationintheircountryTheonlygovernmenttheseyoungstershavereallyknownisthecurrentCongresspartyLedOne,whichisinpowerforthelasttenyearsDuringthattime,priceshaverisensharplyThepriceofpetrolisdoubledSomeyoungpeoplearegoingtovoteforadifferentparty,onethatwillfightinflationandwilltakefirmactiontocontrolinflationinthedifficultglobaleconomyWhatisthemedianageinIndia解析新闻中提到印度人年龄的中位数(medianage)是岁故选A项。新闻中几处提到年龄问题应注意辨别。B项是印度年轻人可以选举的年龄C项是美国人年龄中位数。、C听力原文WhatcanwelearnabouttheyoungpeopleinIndia解析新闻中提到印度年轻人岁就有投票权而由于他们占了总人口的半数他们的投票意向会决定国家的未来即哪个政党执政故C项“他们有权力决定新政府”为答案。新闻中只是说年满岁就可以行使政治权力(politicalpower)并没有提到年轻人是否会拒绝行使这权力A项“他们拒绝行使政治权力”无法得知。B项“他们希望到国外深造”没有在新闻中提到。新闻末尾提到现在的执政党LedOne产生诸多问题年轻人会选其他政党故D项“他们支持现在的执政党”错误。、D听力原文WhatisthecurrentlargesteconomicprobleminIndia解析问题询问的是印度现在最大的经济问题新闻中提到(priceshaverisensharply)并举了油价的例子因此答案是D项。A项“就业率低”和B项“房市崩溃”均没有在新闻中提到。新闻提到当前印度的政治状况明显堪忧政府无法解决通货膨胀问题但题目问的是经济问题排除C项。SectionBConversationOne、D听力原文W:Goodevening,andwelcometothisweek'sBusinessWorld,theprogramforandaboutbusinesspeopleTonightwehaveMrStevenKayne,whohasjusttakenoveranestablishedbicycleshopTellus,MrKayne,whatmadeyouwanttorunyourownstoreM:Well,IalwayslovedracingbikesandfixingthemWhenIwasworkingfulltimeasasalesmanforabigcompany,IseldomhadtimetoenjoymyhobbyIknewthenthatassoonasIhadenoughmoneytogetmyownbusinessgoing,I'lldoitIhadmyheartsetonitandIdidn'tletanythingstandinmywayWhenIwentdowntothebankandgotabusinessloan,IknewI'dlovebeingmyownbossNowmytimeismyownIopenthestorewhenIwantandleavewhenIwantW:Youmeanyoudon'tkeepregularhoursM:Well,thesignonmystoresaysthehoursaretentosix,butifbusinessisslowerthanusual,IcanjustlockupandtakeoffearlyW:HaveyouhiredanyemployeestoworkwithyouyetM:Yeah,acoupleoffriendsofminewholovebikingasmuchasIdoTheyhelpmeoutafewdaysaweekIt'sgreatbecauseweplaycardsorjustsitaroundandtalkwhentherearenocustomersW:Thankyou,MrKayneWewishyousuccessinyournewbusinessWhatisthewomandoing解析根据选项推测本题问的是一位女士在做某事。女士一开始就说欢迎来到本周的商务世界这是一个关于商务人士并且为商务人士提供服务的节目。据此我们可以判断女士是这一节目的主持人因此选D。A“修理自行车”、B“做市场调查”及C“做商业管理的演讲”在女士的话中完全没有提及。对话开头便出现了关键词program符合长对话“听到什么选什么”的原则。、A听力原文WhatdidMrKaynedobeforehetookoverthebicycleshop解析通过选项内容结合其所用的过去时态判断本题问男士过去的职业。男士说他在一家大公司作全职销售的时候很少有时间享受自己的爱好。由此判断他在开自行车店前是一名销售员故应选A。B、D无中生有C是根据对话中的男士说喜欢修理自行车(fixing)而设置的干扰。、B听力原文Whydidthemantakeoverabicycleshop解析通过选项判断会问男士做某事的原因。男士提到当他从银行得到贷款他知道自己喜欢当自己的老板。因此选B。本题B复现了原文beinghisownboss符合长对话“听到什么选什么”的原则。其他三项均为无中生有注意C中的词组startfromscratch意为“从零开始”。、A听力原文Whatdowelearnaboutthepeopleworkingintheshop解析当女士问他是否雇人帮忙的时候他回答说有几个和他一样喜欢自行车的朋友一个星期会来B的fivedaysaweek过于具体原话帮几天忙可知在店里帮忙的都是男士的朋友故应选A。只说是afewdaysC中的paidbythehour无中生有D的gambling过度推断对话仅说他们有时会在一起打扑克不能说明他们好赌。ConversationTwo、A听力原文W:Well,themainactivitiesintheregionwerehistoricallysteelandpaperprocessing,IthinkM:Yes,butI'mnotquitesureaboutthestatusofthoseindustriesnowCouldyoutellussomethingaboutthatW:Yes,ofcourseInfact,theyarelesssignificant,butsteelrelatedmanufacturingstillaccountsforofindustrialactivitySoit'sstillveryimportantInfact,ofSpain'smachinetoolsarefromtheBasqueCountryAsforpaperprocessing,there'sstillalittleButit'snolongerwhatitoncewasintheregionSo,isthatclearM:Yes,thanksW:Now,togetbacktowhatIwassaying,there'salotofunemploymentaswellasgeographicalproblemsintheregionM:Sorry,VictoriaWhatdoyoumeanbygeographicalproblemsW:Well,whatImeanistheareaisveryhilly,mountainousinpartsSothereusedtobetransportproblemsNowthoughtherearenewtrainlinksandbetterroads,butitmaybethatsomesmallertownsinlandremainnotverywellconnected,isthatOKDoesthatmakesenseWhenwetalkaboutspecificlocationsuggestionsforthefactory,we'llseethisinmoredetail,sowe'llcomebacktothisquestion,OKM:OK,rightW:SoIwasabouttosaysomethingabouttheworkforceintheregionandtheleveloftrainingandeducationIngeneral,it'sverygoodandimprovingWhatwasoneofthemainindustrialactivitiesintheregion解析选项均是“名词动名词”的形式均表示某一行业听音时要注意相关信息。对话一开始女士就说该地区历史上主要的活动是钢铁生产和纸张加工A属于其中之一故选A。其他三项分别出现了听力原词transportroadstrain和manufacturing但对话并没有提到食品运输、道路建设或火车制造B、C和D均排除。、B听力原文Whatdoesthewomansayaboutsteelrelatedmanufacturingintheregion解析通过选项中的givewaytoremainaccountfor等推测问题关于某行业的发展变化。女士说实际上尽管钢铁生产和纸张加工没有以前重要了(esssignificant)但钢铁生产仍然占到整个工业的仍很重要(stillimportant)B中的amajorpart与此对应故为答案。A“让位于服务业”中的serviceindustry并没有在对话中提及C利用对话中的制造干扰对话说的是西班牙有的机器工具来自BasqueCountry与钢铁生产占GDP的比例无关对话并非对钢铁生产和纸张加工的历史长短作比较故排除D。but一词后往往是出题点听音时要留意转折处。、C听力原文Whatproblemshindertheregion'sdevelopment解析从选项关键词lackshortageproblempoor推测是问某种负面问题。女士提到该地区有失业(unemployment)及地理问题(geographicalproblems)。之后解析地理问题实际上是指运输问题(transportproblems):尽管现在有了新的火车线路和和更好的公路但一些内陆小镇还是交通不太便利。因此选C。A中的resourcesB中的funding和D中的management在女士的谈话中没有提及。谈话提到transportproblems符合“长对话听到什么选什么”的原则而且but一词后的内容往往是考查点所在。、D听力原文Whatwillthespeakersdiscusslater解析本题需要在听到关键词的基础上进行一定的推断。在对话的最后女士提到将要说一下这个地区的劳动力(workforce)以及培训和教育水平的问题这和采取措施创造工作机会(createjobopportunities)有关因此选D。女士在对话的最后谈到了workforce故推断下文应该与工作或就业有关只有D中的job与此相关。SectionCPassageOne、B听力原文IfirstmetJoeGanswhenwewerebothyearsold,whichisprobablytheonlyreasonheisoneofmybestfriendsIfIhadfirstmetJoeasafreshmaninhighschool,wewouldn'tevenhavehadthechancetogettoknoweachotherJoeisadaystudent,butIamaboardingstudentWehaven'tbeeninthesameclasses,sportsorextracurricularactivitiesNonetheless,Ispendnearlyeveryweekendathishouse,andwetalkonthephoneeverynightThisisnottosaythatwewouldnothavebeencompatibleifwehadfirstmetinourfreshmanyearRather,wewouldnothavebeenlikelytospendenoughtimegettingtoknoweachother,duetothelackofimmediatelyvisiblemutualinterestsInfact,tobehonest,Istruggleevennowtothinkofthingswehaveincommon,butmaybethat'swhatmakesusenjoyeachother'scompanysomuchWhenIlookatmyfriendshipwithJoe,IwonderhowmanypeopleI'veknownWhomIneverdislikedbutsimplydidn'ttakethetimetogettoknowThankstoJoe,Ihaverealizedhowlittlebasisthereis,forthesocialdivisionsthatexistineverycommunitySincethisrealization,IhavebeguntomakeanevenmoredeterminedefforttofindfriendsinunexpectedpeopleandplacesWhatdoesthespeakersayJoeGansbecameoneofhisbestfriends解析根据录音开头的bothyearsold判断和childhood相关。录音开头提到说话人与JoeGans在他们岁时相遇而这很可能就是JoeGans是他最要好的朋友之一的唯一原因。据此推断因为他们从小就相识了解所以成为了好友故应选B。说话人特别提到他和JoeGans从来没有参加过共同的课外活动故A错误而C中的“共同的朋友”也没有提及短文中也提到他们之间缺乏共同的兴趣(lackofimmediatelyvisiblemutualinterests)因此D也错误。、B听力原文Wheredoesthespeakerspendmostofhisweekends解析根据选项判断问题关于地点。说话人提到他几乎每个周末都在Joe家度过。因此应选B。说话人提到everyweekendathishouse符合“短文听力听到什么选什么”的原则同时转折词Nonetheless后往往是考查重点。、Ag,#,=,(,,,,iS’S,,,uj,$q,,sPthz,D",',,,•,U^,,,b,X,,`,,,H,,,,,=,,,!,B,,,,,,,,,,,,xh,,,,:,h^>,L,|,x,#y:,,,o,F,,,^a,W,,R,,j,I,,,,,cD,,,,,Z,,e,,{,,I,KP,,,,YR,n,,,,,PassageTwo、A听力原文ItwasabadnightforLouisHisresearchintheneighboringtownhadtakenlongerthanheexpectedItwaslateandhewasverytiredwhenhedrovehomeHeturnedintohisbuilding'sparkinglot,butallthespaceswerefullHedrovebackoutontothestreetlookingforaparkingspaceThefirstblockwasfullThenextblockwasalmostemptyLouisdidn'tseeanoparkingsign,buthesuspectedthatifparkingwereallowedthere,mostofthespaceswouldbefilledThenhesawasmallparkinglotwithtwofreespacesHewassogladtoseethemthathedidn'teventhinktoreadthesignbytheentranceHedrovein,parked,andhurriedhometogotobedThenextmorninghewentbacktothelottogethiscarItwasgoneHeranhomeandtelephonedthecitypolicetosaythathiscarhadbeenstolenIttookthepoliceonlyaminutetotellhimwhathadhappenedHiscarhadbeenonaprivatelotIthadbeentakenawaybythepoliceLouishadtotakeataxitothecitygaragefarfromthecenteroftownHehadtopayafeeof$togethiscarbackInaddition,hegotaparkingtickethisfirstoneeverinGreenvilleWheredidLouisintendtoparkhiscarwhenhecamebackfromworkonenight解析从选项推测问题是关于地点的。录音提到Louis一开始是开车拐入他所在大楼的停车场(hisbuilding'sparkinglot)但是因为没有空位才到街上找停车位因此选A。注意本题问的是intendtoparkhiscar即他原先想停车的地方。、A听力原文WhatdidLouisthinkhadhappenedtohiscarthenextmorning解析录音提到第二天早上他发现车没了然后就跑回家给警察打电话说车被偷了。因此选A。解答本题的关键在于听清楚题目问的是Louis认为他的车怎么样了而不是实际上怎么样了由下文可知D是实际发生的情况他的车被警察拖走了。、B听力原文WheredidLouisfinallygethiscarback解析录音提到Louis不得不坐出租车到远离市中心的市停车场(citygarage)因此选B。A中的neighboringtown与录音中提到的farfromthecenteroftown相悖C只是利用录音最后出现的Greenville制造干扰D中的publicparkinglot属于无中生有。PassageThree、D听力原文Well,topickupwhereweleftofflasttime,IbelieveweagreedthatcreativityisamysteriousideaIt'soneofthosethingsweallrecognizewhenweseeitButwedon'treallyunderstandwhatitisWeseemtofeelthatsomepeoplearenaturallycreative,butwedon'tknowhowtheygotthatwayIscreativityanaturalgiftlikegoodlooksOrisitsomethingthatcanbeacquiredlikeknowledgePerhapsifweanalyzethecreativeprocesscarefully,wemightgetsomeinsightintowhatitisandhowitmightworkinourlivesThecreativeprocesshasalwaysbeenacceptedasthesourceofallimportantworkintheartsButweshouldnotthinkthecreativityplaysaroleonlyintheartsEverymajorscientificdiscoverybeganwithsomeoneimaginingtheworldtolookdifferentlyfromthewayotherssawitAndthisiswhatthecreativityisallabout:imaginingtheworldinanewwayAnddespitewhatyoumaybelieveaboutthelimitsofyourowncreativeimaginations,weallhavethepotentialtoimaginetheworldinanabsolutelynewwayInfact,youwerebornwithitItisyourbirthrightasahumanbeingAndwhat'smore,youuseiteveryday,almosteverymomentofyourlifeYourcreativeimaginationiswhatyouusetomakesenseofyourexperiencesIt'syourcreativemindthatgetsmeaningfromthechaosofyourexperiencesandbringsordertoyourworldWhatdidthespeakermostprobablydiscusslasttime解析说话人首先就提到要继续上次停下的部分相信大家已经一致认为创造力是一种很神秘的想法(amysteriousidea)D将录音中的形容词mysterious变成了名词形式mysteriousness故为正确答案。短文听力的首尾是考查的重点。其他选项的内容在短文开头部分均未提及。、A听力原文Whatisawidelyacceptedideaaboutthecreativeprocess解析录音提到人们总是认为创造过程是艺术领域所有重要工作的源泉录音中的hasalwaysbeenaccepted对应题目中的awidelyacceptedideaA中的artisticwork对应录音中的allworkinthearts故A为正确答案。录音中提到事实上创造力是人与生俱有的是人类出生即享有的权利且该观点不是人们平时的看法故B不正确录音中提到每个人都会参与创造想象但这是客观事实不是人们平时的看法故可排除C录音提到创造力是否能像知识那样被习得(acquiredlikeknowledge)D(创造力帮助人们获得知识)曲解文意故错误。、D听力原文Whatleadstomajorscientificdiscoveriesaccordingtothespeaker解析录音提到每个重要的科学发现都来自于有人以不同于其他人的方式想象这个世界。D的Creativeimagination与录音中的imaginingtheworldtolookdifferentlyfrom同义故为答案。四个选项中只有D的关键词imagination以imaging的动名词形式出现在原文中其他三个选项均未在文中以任何形式出现。本题符合“短文听力听到什么选什么”的原则同时关键词进行了词性转换。、A听力原文Whatdoesthespeakerimplyaboutthecreativeprocess解析录音提到我们每天几乎是每时每刻都会用到创造性想象因此选A“创造过程是日常生活的一部分”。录音中虽然提到创造力是人类与生俱有的但并没有说其他生物就不会创造思维B(它是人类特有的一个特征)属于过度推断短文开头提到“创造力是一个谜一样的概念”是大家并不能真正理解的东西。由此极易误选C。但文中又说如果对创造过程式“认真思考”我们或许就能对其有所了解据此可排除CD在录音中未提及。

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