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首页 瓷器与名窑(Porcelain and kilns)

瓷器与名窑(Porcelain and kilns).doc

瓷器与名窑(Porcelain and kilns)

牵狼逛街的羊专家
2018-04-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《瓷器与名窑(Porcelain and kilns)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

瓷器与名窑(Porcelainandkilns)瓷器与名窑(Porcelainandkilns)Porcelainisaporcelain,stone,kaolinandothercomponents,theappearanceofglazeorpaintedobjectsTheformationoftheporcelainkilnafterhightemperature(aboutDEGDEG)firing,glazeporcelainsurfacebecauseofdifferenttemperatureandvariouschemicalchangesThesinteredporcelaintireusuallycontainsonlylessthanironelements,andisimpervioustowaterItiswidelyusedbypeopleallovertheworldforitslowcostandwearandwaterproofpropertiesPorcelainwithahighpurityofrawmaterialsproducesacrispsoundsimilartometalcollisionswhencollidingwitheachotherAdvancedporcelainismuchmoredifficultthanthemanufactureofordinaryporcelain,sotheancientimperialcollectionofexquisiteporcelainAsoneofthespecialcommoditiesofancientChina,porcelainwassenttovariouscountriesthroughvarioustradechannels,andexquisiteancientporcelainasacollectionofvaluableantiqueswascollectedbyalargenumberofcollectorsAncientporcelaininChinahadproducedhighpricegoods,butsomenationaltreasureswerenotinchinaWhenEuropeanandAmericanpeoplegeawithboilingwaterTherelationshipbetweenporcelainandpotteryisinseparableWhenthepartwithkaolin(orfeldspar,quartz,limestoneandothernaturalglaze)anditcontainscopperoxide,ironoxide,leadoxideandothernaturalingredientsofrawmaterialsinthesinteringofcolorpottery,potteryonthesurfacewillnaturallyformthinglaze(JapanXinleburningisthefirstsuchpresent)InthehistoryofChina,beforetheMingDynasty,theporcelainofChinawasmadeofplainporcelain(withoutdecorativepatterns,withporcelainasthestandardofcolorpurity)AftertheMingDynasty,paintedporcelainwasthemainfashionporcelainAnothercountryJapanismakingporcelainandteacultureindustrybyitsuniqueteadevelopmentTheearliestkindsofporcelainwereclassifiedaccordingtotheircolorsThreekindsofcommoncolorofceladon,blackporcelainandwhiteporcelainPaintedporcelainandothercoloredporcelainareamongthemorefamous:Tang(Tangnotporcelain,pottery,lowtemperaturelead)XinleburningblueandwhiteporcelainAccordingtotheporcelain,therearedifferentclassificationsoftheplaceofmanufactureAsChinaZhejiangYue(secretcolorporcelain),JiangxiChangnan,HebeiporcelainandJapanintenthCenturyafterturningtheshoulderthefeaturesofthedevelopmentofporcelain:neartheriver,theburningofmanjidaniXinle(shigarakiyaki),Nagasaki(aritayaki),fieldburninginOkayamaCountybyburning(bizenyaki)etcInaddition,EuropehasalsobegunmanufacturingporcelainsinceeighteenthCenturyToday,Britain,France,Russia,Germanyandotherplaces,especiallyinBritain,haveestablishedseveralhighgradeporcelainbrandsEdithistoryAttheWorldExpositioninAichi,Japan,theorganizersusedthousandpiecesofporcelaintomakea"Tianshui"dish"ArchaeologicalverificationofporcelainistheearliestorigininChina,butexactlywhatageisnotyetconclusiveAtpresent,peoplewillbeexcavatedfromHenanZhengzhouShangDynasty(aboutfifteenthCenturyninthCentury)thekaolinglazeutensilsastheworld'searliestknownporcelainInitsEasternHanDynasty,ChinadevelopedarelativelymatureceladonlawChinahasbeenthelargestproducerandexporterofporcelaininChinaforalongtimeinhistoryTheSongDynastyismainlyusedforhighgradeporcelainroyallife,unearthedinFamenTempleofShaanxiprovinceChinaYueceladonproductsisthetopsecretcolorporcelainporcelainChinesesystemforalongtimeAftertheNorthernSongDynasty,themanufactureofChineseporcelaincontinuedtorise,andalargeamountofporcelainwasexportedtoSoutheastAsia,SouthAsia,EuropeandNorthAfricathroughthemaritimesilkroadBecomeoneofthemainexporthandicraftsofchinaComparedwithJapan,intheeraofpeacebegantomanufactureceramicart,combinedwiththeJapanesecarryforwardteaculture,constantlyplacefamousporcelain,therehavebeensix,farsevenkilnkilnporcelainnameoriginInaperiodofprosperityoftheteacultureMomoyamaera,manypeopleinthevillageofsevensuchasRikyuzheHyobu,LaiTian,KodaRinabe,andalsoisthefamousprisonZhishanteaporcelainproducersEditderivativecultureTheTriColorPotterytypesPorcelainandChinaThereisaviewthatChina'sEnglish"China"isfromtheporcelain"China",andporcelainisalsoderivedfrom"ChangNan",thatis,oneofthemajorsourcesofancientChineseporcelainButtheoppositeistrueTheword"China"inEnglishistranslatedfromtheword"China"inchinaHowever,thisalsoexplainstheinseparablerelationshipbetweenporcelainandChinesetraditionalculturefromthesideInEnglishspeakingcountries,ceramicsareusuallyreferredtoas"porcelain",while"China"mainlyreferstofineporcelain,suchas"fineChina"and"BoneChina""TheteaceremonyJapan'steaceremonyfromChinahasbeenextendedforalongtimetobecomeoneofthesymbolsofJapanesecultureTheporcelainisakindofadvancedteainJapaneseteaceremonyInJapaneseculturehistoryofseniorteaoftenplaysanimportantroleManyofJapan'steaisthatChina,evenaspreservedinJapan's"Yaochangeteacup"itselfisfromSouthChineseporcelainworksTherulersandtheteahousetopromotetheMomoyama,seniorteabecamemorethanthelandofgold,asymbolofwealtheditorotherJapanhassomefamousporcelainwares,mostofwhichusedtobeteaimplements:Yaochangeteacup(hiddenintheseikadoBunkoMuseuminJapan)AutumngrasspotDon'tsetChinaalsohasalargenumberofporcelainhaveshothighpricesofporcelain,butsomeofChina'snationaltreasureporcelainisnotathomeColorfuldemersumjarDownGUICeladonisaporcelainsurfacepaintedwithblueglazeTheformationofceladontonesismainlycausedbyroastingacertainamountofironoxideintheglazeButsomeceladonduetoironimpurity,reducingatmosphereisnotenough,thetoneisyelloworbrownBlueandwhiteisakindoftechniqueChinaporcelainmanufacturingtechnology,theoriginalblueandwhiteinthesongisemerging,theemergenceofmatureJingdezhenHutiankilnblueandwhiteThisisthemostfamousproductioninJingdezhenThehistoryofaMuslimstylepatternknownasthe"porcelainHuiqing",belongstotheexportporcelainThespecificproductionmethodsinplainporcelainwithbluepaintpictures,Paintedonthesurfaceofcolorlessorlightcoloredglaze,andthenfiredintothekilnFinishedthebackgroundiswhiteorpink,blackandbluecolorpatternforlaterusecobaltoxide(CoO)isabrightbluepigmentSomeblueandwhiteporcelaininwhite,blueandwhite,andtopastelorgiltdecorationIsZhejiang,YuekilnsinTangDynastyandfivedynastiesTheSuiDynastyandtheTangDynastyinShaoxingcalled"thestate",hencethename"yue"ThefiringofthegreenporcelainintheTangDynastyisveryfamousTheTangDynastyLuYuwrotein"thetea":"formoreonthebowlPorcelain,jade,ice"OpaqueporcelainTangandtheFiveDynastieswhenthemostelegantYueceladonShiqianfengemeraldgreenspecialasatribute,thesubjectsshallnotbeusedsocalled"thesecretcolor"ThefivegenerationofFujianKingWangZhihadsentXuYingongthesecretcolorporcelain,XuYinwroteapoem:"GongYu":"thesecretcolorporcelainjadegreencolortothenewfinancialturbulenceRuiTaoChengxian,GongWujunQiaooutthemoonwithspringwater,lightspinicefilledgreencloudancientmirrorbrokenwhenmossmat,younglotusLubieHanRiverbankZhongshanleavesofprimarygrains,Nakaninverysick"Thesong"ZhaoYanhengYunLumanChao"YuesaidthesecretcolorporcelainAIcolor,andTangDynastypoetLuGuimenginthepoem"ismore"said:"nineYueautumndew,wonthepeakattendantsgoodtoXiaoShengJiintheeveningmist,wereleftscatteredfightingcup"InApril,,FamenTemplepagodaMamiPalaceoftheEarthwasopened,unearthedalargenumberofpreciousculturalrelics,includingthirteensecretcolorporcelainLivingMuseumoftheFamenTempleKaolinistheprincipalconstituentofporcelainandpotteryKaolinismainlybeneaththeearth'ssurfaceItstextureandcompositioncandirectlyaffectthechangesofpotteryandporcelaininthekiln,sohighqualitykaolincanproduceexcellentartifacts,andofteninthevicinityoftheestablishmentofakilnnameChinaancientkilnsChineseancientkilns(witha"*"representsthenationalkeyculturalrelicsprotectionunits)Anhui:||Fanchangkiln,Huainankiln,kiln|swimming|*||ShouzhoukilnkilnkilnSuzhouSizhou|Xiao(Xiaoxiankilnkiln)Beijing:Longquankiln,pleaseFujian:AnxikilnkilnkilninDehua|Chong'an||Fuqingkilnkilnkiln||gloss(Jianyangkiln)||LianjiangkilnkilninMinqingNanankilnkilninPutian|||||PuchengPuchengPutiankilnkilnkilnkilnkiln||QuanzhouChong'an||XianyouTongankilnkilnGansu:anexport|Huatingkiln|LanzhoukilnkilnGuangdong:Chaoan|kilnkilninChaozhou|widekilnkilninHuiyang|||NishimuraShiwankilnkilnGuangxi:RongxianCountyTengxiankilnkiln||Yanguankilnkiln|Yongfu(XingAnyao)Hebei:Cizhouyao(Cixiankiln)**||DingJiaVillage|kilnkilninJingxing||XingyaokilninQuyangHenan:Anyangkiln|pacunkilnkilninBaofeng||Bianjingkilnkiln||Dangyangyukiln(XiuWuyao)|(DengfengkilnkilnQuRiver(Neixiang)|DengkilnkilnkilnkilninHebiEast)|||Huangyekiln(Gongxiankiln)**||Jiaxiankiln|JunLinRu|LushanMountain(DuanDianyao)|Micronesiakilnkiln(kilnWest)|Ru*||Xin'ankiln,YiyangkilnHubei:HuSikilnHunan:Changshakiln(kiln)|XiangYang(Xiangyin|kilnYuezhoukilnkiln)Jiangsu:ShanYao(NanShanyao)|YixingkilnJiangxi:BaiHuYao|WhiteHouse|Cuigong|kilnkilnHongzhoukiln(kilninFengcheng)|potkiln|HutiankilnJizhoukilnkiln|Huo|(YongHeyao)|Jingdezhenkiln|Langkiln|Lepingkilnkiln|WhiteHouse(NanFengyao)|years|(sevenTownkilnkilnGanzhoukiln)||TangShuFukilnkiln|potterykilnkilnkiln||bear|imperialkilnfactory(Royalfactory)|Zangkilnkiln|week|kiln(ShengMeiTingyao)YangMeiTing|TownkilnInnerMongolia:cylinderWayao(Chifengkiln)|LiaoningBeijing|LinDongyaokilnShandong:ZibokilnShanxi:Changzhikiln(BaYiyao)|Datongkiln|HuairenkilnkilninHunyuan||HuoCounty|JiaochengkilnkilnkilnkilninJiexiu||Peng|Pingdingkilnkilnkiln|Puzhou|Yangcheng||Yuxiankiln,YucikilnShaanxi:Xunyikiln(XunTownkiln)|kilninYaozhouSichuan:DayiGuangyuanLiulichangkilnkilnkiln||(HuaYangyao)|Pengxian|(ChengduQingyangkilnkilnkiln)|QiongkilnYunnan:YuxikilnCizhouporcelainkilninHebeiCixianPengtownfoundedintheSongDynasty,themagnetembryoporcelainnamedCizhouyaowhiteblackporcelainintheSongDynastypopular,goodCizhouporcelainandporcelainandporcelainDingprice,becausethereisnotears,thevalueishigherthantheDingporcelainCizhouporcelainkilnisanationalkeyculturalrelicsprotectionunitsThekilnfiringskillisanationalintangibleculturalheritageZhejiang:Cixi|Deqingkilnkiln(deDongyangkilnkiln)||Ge|HuangyankilnkilnkilninLishui|Jiangshan||Longquankiln(DI)the|*|Ningbokiln|Oukiln(kilnDong'ou)||(ShaoxingShangyukilnkilnkilnkilnTaishunFusheng)||ironstoreskiln|WenzhouWuxingWuyikilnkilnkiln|||WuzhoukilnkilnkilninXiangshanXishan|||Xiaoshankiln|xiuneisiGuankiln(kiln)|kilnkilninYuhang||YinYue(secretcolorkiln)DingisoneofthefivefamouskilnsintheSongDynasty,theSongDynastyisintheterritoryofDingzhou,named"ding"ThekilnisnowYanshanQuyangJianZivillage,villageofHebeiareaDingChongburningintheTangDynasty,afterfivegenerations,intheNorthernSongDynastyreacheditsheydayintheYuanDynasty,stillcontinuetoproduceInordertoproducewhiteporcelain,tirethinandlight,hardtexture,colorwhite,lesstransparent,"guiqian"said"Dingzhouflowerporcelainbowl,thecolorwhiteworld"Inaddition,Dingalsofiredblackglaze,glazeandglaze,arecalled"black"and"purple","green"Dingalthoughfolkkilns,butalsoforthelateNorthernSongDynastypalaceinalargenumberofporcelain,hasanimportantpositioninthehistoryofthedevelopmentofChinaChineseDingsiteinbyPekingUniversityProfessorMrYeLinzhifoundthatins,theImperialPalaceMuseum,HebeiProvinceculturalrelicsofthesiteteamhadbeensmallscaleexcavations,basedonconductedalargescaleexcavation,foundkiln,yard,wells,ditch,stove,pitsandothermonuments,unearthedporcelainreachedaboutin,thesitewaslistedasChinanationalculturalrelicsprotectionunitsInrecentyears,HebeihasinvestednearlytenmillionyuantoprotecttheruinsandpreparetodeclaretheworldculturalheritageJingdezhenisaprefecturelevelcityunderthejurisdictionofJiangxiProvince,islocatedinthenortheastofJiangxiandEastthroughdegrees''degrees,degreesnorthlatitudedegrees'',atthejunctionofthenorthwestandeastofAnhuiCounty,borderingtheSouthandWest,WanniancountyandBoyangCounty,AnhuiQimenCounty,EastandnortheasttheSouthandtheadjoiningWuyuancountyAnareaofsquarekilometers,populationmillionthousand(bytheendof)TheproductionofJingdezhenporcelainisveryfamous,knownastheJingdezhenporcelain,knownasthe"porcelain"knownJingdezhenporcelainoftheMingDynastyWanliChangnan,formerlyknownasJingdezhenChangnanporcelainsincelongwithexcellentmaterialwellknownandwide,itwassaidthatasthewesternworldandtheeastworldmerchantmerchanttradebetweenthemiddleArabiabusinessmen,businessmenfromChinaChangnanaskedwhatporcelaincountry,duetothelanguagebarrier,ChinesemerchantthoughtthatArabiabusinessmanaskedChangNanporcelainfromwhatplace(town)Hereplied,"Changnan",sothatthemerchantofArabiaChangnanporcelainisfromaplacecalled"Changnan"countries,constantlyunderthe"mythChangnan"soundinto"China",andChinaisthewesternworldpeopleknowtheeasternworldbyoneofafew,sothewesternworldwhoputtheporcelainLenovotothewesterncountriesintheirminds(theactualloadgenerationreferstothetimethe"China")called"China",andlaterextendedtoeventheporcelain,alsoknownasthe"China"LaterintheNorthernSongDynasty,Changnanporcelainwithitsexcellentmaterial,thenbytheemperorSongZhenzong(SongZhenzongisthethirdgenerationoftheNorthernSongDynastyemperor,nonSouthernSong,pleasecheckthesignfor)imperialporcelainallporcelainproductsforuseinthecourt,andthereignofChangnan,renamedJingdezhen,tohighlightthestatusofChangnanporcelainproductstheSouthernSongDynastyimperialcourtBynineteenthCentury(thelateQingDynasty),thegovernmentofJingdezhenwasofficiallyestablishedDuringtheperiodofPeople'sRepublicofChina,Jingdezhenasaprovince,inaccordancewiththeConventionshouldbenamedasJingde,butbecauseofitsfamousinhistoryandtheoriginalnameofthecontentintothenewnamenamedJingdezhenCity,becamethenameofthelandsofarBrotherLiuTian,alsoknownasGEkilnkilnisoneoftheChineseancientfivekilns,astudentinLongquanLiuTiancreatedfortheSongDynastykilnsZhejiangChuzhouZhangChapteronebrotherchaptertwoinLongquanalsocalledDikilnGeMaimicropurpleclay,thinoil,gray,beige,blueenamelpowderofthreekindsofcolor,fullofsurfacecrackBecausethesoilhighironcontent,oxidationburningembryo,theembryoispurpleblackcolorporcelain,porcelainglazedporcelainatthebottomtoshownoembryowasiron,called"ironfoot",whiletheglazethinmouthiscalled"purple,purplemouth"Geyaoporcelaincrack,Binglie,plum,inklines,finelinesandothershapesExpressshockhanginthesaid:"superfluousthings"to"Geyaoporcelainpowderforcyan,whitelightoftheputtyTakegrainBinglie,eelblood,ironfoot,plum,inklinesoffinelinesunderthe""TangBingjun"saidGeyaoporcelainalloyonthickcorrosionresistanceLongquanisbuiltatthebeginningofSongDynastypalaceChuzhouLongquanCountyLiuTianShiofthekiln,includingachapterinLongquanLiuTiancreatedcalledGekilnZhangShengyi'sbrothertwochapterinLongquanLiuTiancreatedkilncalledDi,alsoknownasthechapter,chapterLongquankilnLongquanporcelainsoilthinthick,greenblue,nopattern,purpleironfootboneChapterLongquankilnporcelainthinsoil,powderblue,emeraldgreen,nopattern,purpleironfootboneLongquankilnporcelainkilnhasbeenfoundinmorethan,accordingtotheLongquanmountainsandbuiltthekilnkilnporcelainkilnareamost,isnowanationalkeyculturalrelicsprotectionunitsToday,oneofthefivefamouskilnsintheSongDynasty,Henan,LinrukilninthisareaofBaofeng,theSongDynastyRuzhou,namedruAburninginthelateNorthernSongDynasty,theSouthernSongDynastyaccordingtoleafreally"TanChaiHengpen"recorded"thismovetoDingzhouwhiteporcelainbearded,worn,andmadeinRuzhouQingkiln",wasputoutingoldaftertheNorthernSongDynasty,RualsodieBeforeandaftertheopeningtimeofkilnforonlyafewdecades,intheSouthernSongDynasty,RuporcelainhasbeenveryrareTodaytherealthinghaslessthanonehundred,onlyknown,theMuseumofTaipeitheImperialPalace,theImperialPalaceMuseuminBeijingin,theShanghaiMuseumin,theBritishDavidChineseArtFoundation(PercivalDavidFoundationofChineseArt),theotherscatteredhiddenintheUnitedStatesandJapanaboutmuseumsandprivatecollections,thewholeworldhasacollectionofRuporcelainMuseumoflessthantenIn,acmdiameterRucapataNewYorkauctionSotheby'swillbesoldfor$millionthousandAfteranauctioninHongkongonaRuthreesacrificerespectisarecordpriceofHK$millionThefamousceladon,withazure,thegreenbeangreen,powderproductsTheRuyaoceladon,glazecontainingagate,greencolorWordsworth,glazejuicefatandbrightening,"cloudAfterraintheskylooksblue"reputationTheporcelainisgenerallysmall,washbowl,plate,diametergenerallybetweencm,cmmorethantheextremelyindividual,morethancmalmostnothing,itis"noRuis"saidSincethebeginningofs,archaeologistsinHenanLinrucountyareaforthesite,hasmorethankilnsoftheexcavation,buthasnotbeenabletofind,untilofQingliangsivillageofBaofengCountyinakilnunearthedporcelainfortesting,thetestdataandthetheImperialPalaceMuseumporcelainisbasicallythesameinthedataSubsequentexcavations,theunearthedancientcoinsofthekiln,identification,finally,themonasterywasidentifiedasthesiteoftheNorthernSongDynastykilnkilnArealsoknownasJunkiln,Henankiln,kilnisallYuzhouShenhoutownestablishedatthebeginningoftheSongDynastyJuntaiwanJunporcelainkilnisnowthenationalkeyculturalrelicsprotectionunitsEdithistoryJunChineseisoneofthefivefamouskilnsintheSongDynasty,createdintheTangDynasty,flourishedinthesongdynasty,AfterburningYuJinyuan,untiltheMingandQingDynastiescontinuedimitation,afterthousandsofyears,hasformedahugesystem,JunandRu,officer,brother,oftheeponymouskilnSofar,intheterritoryofYuzhouhasbeenfoundintheNorthernSongDynastyProvinzuptoforty,especiallyinShenhouZhenLiuShanmostconcentratedYuzhouistheearliestextant"Junstaterecords"said:"kilnsinthewesternstateofLiushan"InthetownofYuzhoucityunderthewhiteGodHouVillageandChangTownshipandotherplaces,hasunearthedporcelainblackandbrownglazekiln,ceramicexpertscalled"TangJun",itisthefirstsignofJunporcelainofsongdynastyThesong"Jingkangchange"(),SongShimigratedtothesouth,GuanJunkilnstoppedburning,JuntemporarilydefeatedTotheJin,Yuanera,Junhasanewdevelopment,aroundonecopy,JunbroadcastthenationalfirebecomefashionableforatimeYuanmomingchu,duetowarandfamine,JunproductiongraduallydeclineTheMingandQingDynasties,porcelaincentermovedtothesouth,theNorthfamouskilnsrecession,JunalsostopburningThelateQingDynasty,JunrecoveryTothirtyyearsGuangxu(),ShenhouZhenJunfiredmorethanadozenpeopleTheRepublicofChina,becauseofthewarandfaminefrequently,porcelainproductiondifficultTotheRepublicofChinathirtyoneyears(),duetodroughtandpoliticalchaos,artistsolowofJunporcelainproductiontendstocutstateAfter,especiallysinceChina'sreformandopeningtotheoutsideworld,ithasdevelopedrapidlyIthasbeenregardedasa"nationalgift"andreachedanewheightEditfeaturesJunsoilthinveins,glazewithrabbitsilkpattern:redasrouge,ZhuSha,likegreenonion,purplerosesandothercolorssuchaspurple,red,commonlyknownasBegoniaMeiZiqing,eggplantpurple,skyblueandothercolorsFambeoftenJunporcelain,exceptthecolorglazewillchangeothercolors,andJunporcelainisinitsuniquerarefambeglaze,theglazeisnaturallyformedintheprocessofburning,nonartificialdescription,eachpieceofJunporcelainglazeisunique,itis"Junmatchless",Junporcelainenameldeepcleansing,crystaljadeembellish,livelysenseofmovement(Ming)WenZhenhengin"LongChi"inabookonJuncomments:"allstatekilncolorsuchasrougeisgreen,purple,greenififblacktime,thenoiseisnotexpensive"JingdezhenkilnalsofiredimitationofJunporcelainintheQingdynastyTheNorthernSongDynasty,ZhengGuanisgrandandofficialinBianjing(nowHenancity)isknownasthekiln,kilnGuanisChineseancientfivekilns(kiln,kiln,kiln,kiln,kiln)ofSongZhaoqianLing'an,ShaoChengzhangliftinthetemple,xiuneisibytheNorthernSongDynasty,theoldsysteminLantauPeaksetupakiln,calledtheinnerkilnthenestablishanewaltarinthekilnKaifengporcelainkilnXirunearthconnections,purple,thinbody,purpleironfoot(glazethinmouthpurple,called"purple",noporcelainglazedporcelainembryoatthebottomtoshoworiginalironcolor,called"ironfoot")Grandkilnenamelhaspaleblue,pinkandblue,greencolorandafterthegovernmentkilnenamelgreenwithpink,buttherearedifferentshadesXiuneisiGuanporcelainaltarwithpaleblue,pinkandblue,beigecolor,icecracks,hiddenpatternssuchastheeagleFambeoftenoccursincolorglazeporcelainkiln,willbecomeyellow,redandpurplebutterflies,birds,animalsandothershapesThe"oldBeijingkiln,whennotlong,whenthexiuneisiwasmadeonthenewkiln""porcelain"jointassessmentFivereferstothefivefamouskilnsfiringporcelainkilnoftheSongDynastyChinaTheyarerespectively:Themainproductionofceladon,the"cloudAfterraintheskylooksblue"reputationSpeakout,SongHuizong,ZhaoJiJun:usingdifferentcharacteristicsofironandcoppercolor,bluewithred,purpleorpaleblue,purepureazureglazes,withshinyblueopaltone,withopaqueeffectandopaqueOfficial:NorthandsouthNorthSouthinHangzhouinBianjing,LantauPeakDingkilninHebei:QuyangJiancicunItwasburnedinthelateTangDynastyandtheFiveDynasties,anditwasburntintheNorthernSongdynastyGeGe:Clayveinsslightlypurple,thin,gray,beige,oilpowderbluethreekindsofcolorglaze,withsurfacecrackThiskilnwasbuiltbyZhangDiandtwobrother
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瓷器与名窑(Porcelain and kilns)

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