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首页 长恨歌 白居易(The song of Bai Juyi)

长恨歌 白居易(The song of Bai Juyi).doc

长恨歌 白居易(The song of Bai Juyi)

雨音的小窝
2019-01-08 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《长恨歌 白居易(The song of Bai Juyi)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

长恨歌白居易(ThesongofBaiJuyi)长恨歌白居易(ThesongofBaiJuyi)ThesongofBaiJuyiTheoriginalpoemtranslationpoetryappreciationofthewordstoexplaintheproblemThinkoftheHanimperialcolorrebeauty,notthethroneformanyyearsThegirl,keptinpurdahdidnotknowAbornbeautydifficulttoabandonmyself,oncetheelectionsideofthekingEnchantingsmilessixpalaces,nocolorGivecoldbathHuaqingHotSpring,hotwaterwashningzhiTheservantwasabletolifthiseyes,andwasunabletoseethebeginningofthenewEnzeCloudfacegoldstepshake,misunderstandingdisturbanceNightbittershortdayhigh,notfromKingzaozhaoTofeastwithoutleisure,springfromthespringoutingnightnightHarembeautythreethousand,threethousandfavoriteinoneThePrincessMakeupintoJiaoShinight,jadefloorbanquetdrunkandspringBrothersandsistersarepoor,poorandgloriousThenmaketheworld'sparentsheart,notrebirth,malerebornwomanHighLiGongintoQingyun,XianLewindeverywhereSlowsongordancemusiceverydaytoseethekingNing,insufficientWardrumsofYuyangshaketheearth,startledcolorfulplumageNineyousmoke,thousandsofhorsesforridingtosouthwestTherecheckshookallthedoor,WestThesixarmyishelpless,mothlikeeyebrowsbeautyhorsebeforedeathEnergysaving,CuiAlicebroomajadehairpinThekingcouldnotsaveface,seebloodandflowbackTheyellowwindscatteredbleak,cloudstackcircuitousmountJiangeUnderEmeiMountainafewrows,nolight,thincolorflagsWiththeBiShuShuRiver,everymorningandeveningThepalaceseesadcolor,smelltherainbellsoundsighThedragon,isnottohesitateMaweislopeundertheearth,seejadeYanemptydeathTheotherasZhanyi,EastWangduhorsetothedoorReturnpoolcourtarestilltooWeiyangLiufurongSuchaslotussurfacesuchaseyebrow,thisisnothowteardownPeachblossomspring,autumnleavesfallfromtheindusNishinomiyaSouthernautumngrass,leavesoverJiehongsweepWhitehairednewoperaticplayers,pepperroomaprisonQing'eoldEveningthefirefliesflythinkquietly,asinglepickdonotsleepTheearlynighthasvisual,starshiptogrowlongYuanyangtileChinaheavycream,emeraldquiltcoldwithwhomNotthedistancebetweenlifeanddeathforyears,hisdreamhadcomeLinqiongTaoistHongduguest,withsinceretothesoulAskingsquirming,andtaughtdiligentlyseekthealchemistRunningsuchaselectricitycontrollingemptyinggas,forthetimesintoheavenUndertheblueskyonthepoorworld,twowereseenvastSuddenlyheheardtheseamountains,betweenthemountainsinthecloudsTheexquisitefivecloudPavilion,thegracefulfairyInaherringbonesnowwhiteskinbeautyisreallytooWestgateofgoldjadewasknocking,turntoteachjadedoublequoteWenTaoHanEmperor,JiuHuatentsdreamTakeclothespushpillowfromwandering,meanderingopensilverscreenwithpearlyfoilsPartialcloudhalfsleep,corollanottidiedWindflutteringfairylift,likefeatherdressdanceTearsoflonelinessYurong,EwharainTheydon'tlooktothanktheking,alittlevoicetwoZhaoyanghallinlove,PenglaiPalaceSunandmoonlongLookathimbackdown,doesnotseeChanganseedustButtheoldtablewillgodeep,sendthetokenofloveLeaveahairpinonefan,andbrokethegoldcoinpointsButtheheartlikeJinxiKennedy,immeasurablyvastdifferencewillmeetHospitalitymailpartingwords,twoswearwordsintheheartknowsThepalaceoflongevityinJulyth,whennoonewhispersinthenightOnhigh,we'dbetwobirdsflyingwingtowingOnearth,twotreeswithbranchestwinedfromspringtospring。Sometimesasenduringastheuniverse,withoutThisregretshalllastforevermoreChangHenGeBaiJuyiTangMinghuang,Randy,dayandnighttofindtheruleofthecountryformanyyears,unequaledinbeautyIcouldnotfindasatisfactoryYangXuanyinghasadaughtertogrowverybeautifulintheboudoir,outsidersdon'tknowherbeautifulBorntoabodybeauty,itisdifficulttoabandonforalongtimesomedayinthefuturehasbeenselectedastheemperor,concubinesinthesideHerwithasmile,acharmingsixhouseindifferentposesandwithdifferentexpressionseveryoneofhiswiveswasbecastintotheshadeChill,theEmperorgavehertoHuaqingHotSpringbathhotwaterembellish,washingthemusclebodybutterThemaidhelpedher,suchasthelotusflowerearlyMongoliahuangenmoisturizesandweakandsowithjiaoraoAfacelikethehair,wearingaJinBuyaolotustent,awarmnightwiththeemperorLovehatenightistooshort,tosleeponthehighkingsdeeplovetheirlove,neverzaochaoBearthegentleman,drink,drink,alldaywithnoleisurespringfromthespringnightspecialguarding,bothformtheshadowisnotseparatedTherearethreethousandconcubinesandwives,abeautylikethegoddessthreethousandbeautydoesn'tspoilherone,onlytheemperorTheAJiaomakeupintonight,JiaoShifromupstairsYuJiuhanbanquet,accompaniedbyfeelingsoflovedrunkSisterbrotherMadameletterorarewardYangportalstudentsenvyandlongingforglorySothattheworld'sparents,allchangedtheirwisheswhoseesuicideboys,onlyasmalldaughterMountLiofChinaPalacetoweringmagnificenthousesThewindoffthefloatingsoundcouldbeheardfromallsidesAlightsong,aslowdance,moreharmonyanorchestralmelodyaking'seyesalldaylongtheheartishardtoreachSuddenlyYuyangdrumsbeating,inshockstartleshakingheavenandearththedancingstoppedplayingGeisha,colorfulplumageTheninetowersandpalaces,wartornmiscellaneousdustprotectingthekingstraighttothesouthwestofthousandsuponthousandsofhorsesandsoldiers,emergencyescapeTheDragonflagashake,teamtostopandwalkwestofthecapital,cametothestationMaWeitingTheDragonWuJungandtheimperialguards,sixarmydoesnotwalkhelplesslingeringgrievancesofthebeauty,thefinalhorsebeforehisbirthTheheadornaments,throwingallnooneaskedCuiAliceabroomajadehairpin,preciousheaddressThekinglovedtosaveface,cryingintoatearslookbackthetearsofbloodandtearsdrippinghorrorsTheautumnwindbleaksweeploessdusthasdisappearwindingthroughthepathalongthecliff,hasboardedthejianmenNarrowroadEmeiMountain,lesspeoplewalkingdifficulttheflagsdarkisdull,whitelightnearduskGreatShuRivergreen,toweringShushanYugreenthesadthoughtoldroyal,everymorningandeveningWithinthepalaceseemoonlight,alwayssadwithsorrowrainwhichsmellbell,spectrumYulinsadmusicbellDizzytoarbitrarylevel,thekingmovebacktothecapitaltoMaweicaragain,cannotbeartoleaveaheartbrokenmanMaweiluxurianthillside,desolateloessgrave,beautyYanRongdoesnotseeagain,onlytohergraveYoulooktotheMinisterChen,alltheirtearsZhanyiLookEastKyotoheartsorrow,letthehorsetogalloptoChanganbacktothepalace,thelotuspondgardenarestillpondTaiyehibiscus,WeiyangPalacechuiyangliuHibiscuslikeher,likehereyebrowswithwillowcannotthinkofthehumantouchsceneunavoidablyeyesThespringbreezeblowsthepeachflower,Iextremelysadautumnraindropsofleaf,morelonelyscenetragedyThepalaceofXingqingandthehallofmannaarealwaysinableak,longautumngrasstheleavesarefullofsteps,andnoonehasseenthemforalongtimeWhenthediscipleswereaddedapear,whitehairempresspalacefemaleofficer,ConfidantereturnedasagingNightpalacefirefliesfly,thoughtdepressedheartatalossandmisscan'tsleep,pickassolitaryheartgrassThebreakdowndelayclockdrum,morenumbersensenightlongoverlookingtheStarshipdayuntildawnEastspitYuanyangtilecold,frostcoveredafewheavycoldpricklyemerald,andtheemperorwhotoshareShenglisibiefarlong,ithasbeenayearofbeautysoulwhere,whynothavetosleepSichuanhasaTaoistpriest,justcamehometoChanganwithreligiousdoctrine,attractRoyalsoulGoodpeoplearoundlovetrouble,WangBiaosympathyiscalledthealchemisttohissoultofindControlthegasintotheair,crosstogostraightintoheavenaslightningtoseek,findaheavenofhelltimesSearchedthesky,searchedthewholeworldthedayboundlesscomesgray,lookingallovertheworldnottoseeSuddenlyIheardtheeasternsea,therearemountainsofPenglaimountainthemountainstoweringinthecloud,cloudfogPiaomiaobetweenExquisitelycarvedtowerPavilion,colorfulauspiciouscloudsbearingAngelgoddessmorenumerous,eachonegracefulanddiverseThousandsofbeautifulFairiesinthename,thereisaveryrealskinlikesnowapparentstheflower,asiflookingforpeopleThealchemistintheGoldJadeGatequeXixiang,openedheFumaidXiaoyu,calleddoubleannounceSuddenlyheardthebulletinsaid:theTangDynastyAngelJiuhuatenttootrueXian,sweetdreambyPushsleeppillow,coat,hurryup,disorderlywanderingpearlcheapsonJinYinping,allthewaylayeruponlayerareopenUkrainetobeardedhalf,itseemsjustwokeupcorollawholeregardless,hurriedtothehallThebreezeblowinggentlyflutteringsleeves,walkinglikethatliftinthepalace,afeatherdressdanceLonelysadface,tearssprinkleseverywherelikespringrain,arainofpearTheemperoraskedhimtogazelovingly,deeplythanktheking:maweipolongafterthenews,YanRongtwoslimZhaoyangTempleLynnlove,overalongperiodoftimehasbrokenPenglaipalacemoderatefairylandspookyeternallongtimeBackdown,billowingHuangChenzhaoworldIsawalayerofdust,theKyotoChanganinvisibleOnlysendtokens,tabletomeacoinboxnobilesendsyoutogo,maybeabletocomfortthekinggoldhairpinIleftinthehalf,IleftacoingathersDongnobiletothecoinbox,onehalfoftheIhopewehavetwohearts,suchasChaitwinklefirmwhetherheavenorearthwillonedaymeetpartingattentivecaretothealchemist,thekingthoughtexpressionIhaveonlyknowntheirheartoathIntheeveningofsevenJuly,wemeetthepalacenotwomidnightwhispers,bothonTianlioath:inheaven,wewouldliketomakethisflysidebysideontheground,JayweneverseparatebranchesofganEvenifthereistheendoftheenduringastheuniverse,lifeanddeaththisistheonlyregret,butneverbekey这首诗是作者的名篇作于元和元年()。全诗形象地叙述了唐玄宗与杨贵妃的爱情悲剧。诗人借历史人物和传说创造了一个回旋宛转的动人故事并通过塑造的艺术形象再现了现实生活的真实感染了千百年来的读者。诗的主题是”长恨”。从”汉皇重色思倾国”起第一部分叙述安史之乱前玄宗如何好色、求色终于得到了杨氏。而杨氏由于得宠鸡犬升天。并反复渲染玄宗之纵欲沉于酒色不理朝政因而酿成了”渔阳鼙鼓动地来”的安史之乱。这是悲剧的基础也是”长恨”的内因。”六军不发无奈何”起为第二部分具体描述了安史之乱起后玄宗的仓皇出逃西蜀引起了”六军”驻马要求除去祸国殃民的贵妃”宛转娥眉马前死”是悲剧的形成。这是故事的关键情节。杨氏归阴后造成玄宗寂寞悲伤和缠绵悱恻的相思。诗以酸恻动人的语调描绘了玄宗这一”长恨”的心情揪人心痛催人泪下。”临邛道士鸿都客”起为第三部分写玄宗借道士帮助于虚无缥渺的蓬莱仙山中寻到了杨氏的踪影。在仙景中再现了杨氏”带雨梨花”的姿容并以含情脉脉托物寄词重申前誓表示愿作”比翼鸟”、”连理枝”进一步渲染了”长恨”的主题结局又以天和地久有时尽此恨绵绵无绝期”。“深化了主题加重了”长恨”的分量。全诗写情缠绵悱恻书恨杳杳无穷。文字哀艳动人声调悠扬宛转千古名篇常读常新。令人丁毅、方超在《(长恨歌)评价管窥》一文中认为此诗是白居易借对历史人物的咏叹寄托自己的心情之作。文章说诗人年轻时与出身普通人家的姑娘湘灵相爱但由于门第观念和风尚阻碍没能正式结婚。分手时诗人写了”不得哭潜别离不得语暗相思两心之外无人知彼此甘心无后期”的沉痛诗句。文章指出《长恨歌》作于作者婚前几个月诗人为失去与湘灵相会之可能而痛苦。为此丁、方二人认为《长恨歌》并不是对历史的记录与评价。”在天愿作比翼鸟在地愿为连理枝。天长地久有时尽此恨绵绵无绝期”正是诗人借前代帝妃的悲剧抒发自己的痛苦与深情。从”诗言志”、“诗传情”上说丁、方二人之说不无道理。但就作品所反映的历史真实和社会意义以及千百年来的影响而言不能不说它是历史的记录和对历史事件的评价。至于白氏自身有爱情悲剧的经历无疑有助于他对李杨爱情悲剧的体察和分析才使其诗写得肌理细腻情真意切赋予无穷的艺术魅力。【词语解释】汉皇:指唐玄宗。倾国:形容女子极其美貌。御宇:治理天下。杨家有女:指杨玉环蒲州永乐(今山西永济人幼时养在叔父家)。眸:眼珠。六宫:本专指皇后寝宫泛指妃嫔居处。粉黛:代指美女。华清池:华清宫温泉在今陕西临潼。凝脂:指白嫩光泽的肌肤。新承恩泽:初受宠爱。云鬓:形容女子鬓发轻盈飘逸。金步摇:金制垂珠头钗行则摇动。春宵:春夜。苦短:暗示欢愉无厌故嫌夜短。早朝:早晨上朝听政。夜专夜:一夜连着一夜整日整夜。宫:后妃所居宫室。佳丽:美女。三千:极言其多。一身:指杨贵妃一人。金屋:用汉武帝”金屋藏娇”典指杨贵妃所居之处。醉和春:指酒与情同醉。可怜:可羡。骊宫:指骊山华清宫。仙乐:形容乐声美妙非人间能闻。缓歌慢舞:轻歌曼舞。凝丝竹:指歌舞紧扣乐声丝竹弦乐和管乐的合称。看不见:看不厌。霓裳羽衣曲:舞曲名。TheninereferstothecapitalofChanganSmoke:smokedust,referstothewarGreenwood:EmperorhonourwithkingfisherfeathersforthedecorationoftheflagSixArmy:Thisreferstotheemperor'sretinueoftroopsBeautifulappearance:lingeringgrievancesCrescent:herereferstoyangFloral:fairflowerjewelrybusinessCommitteesite:landingEmerald:JewelryresemblingakingfishertailNameofhairpinAjadehairpin:hostaKing:referringtoEmperorxuanzongYellow:YellowdustCloudstack:touchtheskyplankCircuitous:windingJiange:betweenlargeandsmallmountaininSichuanCountyinthenortheastofJiangeEmeiMountaininSichuan:EmeiCountyinthesouth,thisreferstoShushanThesunisthinandthesunisdimTheemperorPalace:theabodeofanemperorduringhistravelsDizzy:describethecurrentsituationgreatlychangedThedragonemperoralsoreferstobeijingJadeYan:beauty,thisreferstoYangfeiTodipintotearsAllgate:ChangangateBelieveinhorses:letthehorserunwithoutrestraintTaiyepoolnameLotusflowerWeiyang:ThisreferstotheTangDynastypalacepalaceNishinomiya:TaijipalaceSouth:XingqingpalaceTwohomesafterTangXuanzongbeijingThecoach:operaticplayersXuanzongintrauterineapprenticeshipPepperroomaprison:EmpresspalacefemaleofficerGreenmoth:youth,beautyFireflyThinkquietly:affectionbleaklonelySlowness:longandslowBrightappearanceRiver:referstotheMilkywayAtilemadeofsynthetictilesShuangHua:frostEmeraldquilt:referstotheJadeBirdEmbroideredwithdoublequiltTo:inviteItossaboutTheTaoistsaid:HeavenistheblueskyHan:TangdynastyTakeclothes:cSleep:wakeupMei:sleeveLoneliness:dimabsenceWithlongitudinalflowXie:tellmeWho:theworldOne:onepieceButteach:justletCourtesy:repeatedmanytimesThebranchesofdifferentrootsarejoinedtogetherDuration:wheninterruptedappreciationofpoetry"Song"inYuanandyuan,isawellknownmasterpieceinBaiJuyi'spoemsAtthattimethepoetwastoday'sShaanxiZhouzhiCountypeopleThispoemisthatheandhisfriendstovisittheXianyoutemple,byTangXuanzongandYang'sstoryofcreationThisisanarrativepoem,"everlastingregret"asthecenter,longThelyriccompositionisverystrong,narrative,lyricscenery,cleverlycombinedtogether,describeamovinglovestoryanditstragicendingThepoetwrotethereasonsforthetragedyfromacriticalpointofview,buthealsoexpressedsympathyandregretfortheherointhetragedyThepoetwillwritesentimentallovestory,mildlytouching,hasgreatappealThewholepoemverytouching,theplottwistsandturns,exudesromanticbrilliance,worthyofapoeticmasterpiecethroughtheages

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长恨歌 白居易(The song of Bai Juyi)

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