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首页 历史上的武举制度(The history of the imperial examination…

历史上的武举制度(The history of the imperial examination system).doc

历史上的武举制度(The history of the imp…

我是卡内基摩西
2018-10-03 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《历史上的武举制度(The history of the imperial examination system)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

历史上的武举制度(Thehistoryoftheimperialexaminationsystem)历史上的武举制度(Thehistoryoftheimperialexaminationsystem)TheimperialexaminationsystemisbuiltbytheSuiDynastyandtheTangDynasty,isperfect,andforfuturegenerationsintheuseofthesystemofselectingofficialsTheimplementationofthenineranksystem,witharistocraticpoliticalprivileges,generationofofficialshowamonopolyThenorthernandSouthernDynasties,theclanhasbeenincreasinglydecadentTheSuiDynastyabolishedtheJiupinzhongzhengsystem,takemeasures,theimperialexamination,theoriginalprovisionsoftheearlySuiDynastyscholar,bytwofamilies,bycountyschoolstudentssenttothecentralexamDuringthegreatyears,theimperialexaminationsystemwasestablished,andtheimperialexaminationsystemwasgraduallyformedTheimperialexaminationsystemcannotonlyforlandlords,andevenapersonbetweenpeopleofintellectualstoprovideachanceofparticipatinginanofficial,andthefeudalstatemorewidelyabsorbedoverallkindsoftalentopensapath,whichissupportedbythemajorityofsmallandmediumsizedlandlordsandintellectuals,toattachimportancetothefeudalmonarchyTherefore,notonlyinheritedtheTangDynastyEmperorSuidynastyfoundedtheimperialexaminationsystem,butalsocontinuetobedevelopedandperfectedTheTangDynastyimperialexaminationsystemisdividedintotwokindsofliftandoftencite,oftencite"ChangGongscience",isaperennialsubjectheldbythesystem,thesystemhadbeenelectedbytheofficialdepartmentortheMinistryofritesandmakeprovisionsforGEandtypeWhilesome,bytheemperorissuedatemporarysystemofimperial,with"Tangsaidthetreatment,evaluationandsummarybythepolicyof"Zhijuaswill"givescholar"and"official"combinationofTurk,graduallyestablisheditsprocessandcontinuouslyadjustandimprove,improvetheelectoralsystemandtheTangDynastyareroughlyconsistent,canbetterembodythespiritandprinciplesofselectingofficialsthroughexaminationTheTangDynasty,theimperialexaminationsystemisthebiggestcontributiontotheestablishmentofmilitarysystem"NewTangChi"electionsaid,"twoyearsofChangan,theonlyhomeofmartialart"ButtheTangemperortriedtoselectmilitarypersonnelintheformofexaminations,whichseemedtobenolaterthantwoyearsinChangan(AD)IntheearlyQingwastwoyears(ADyears),theemperorhadbeguntousesomeformofspecialpurposethroughthepromulgationofthatworld,morethanfiverequirementsofBeijingofficialsandmilitarypersonneltovisittheStatesgovernorcarefullyinLuoyangtoparticipateintheexaminationInthis"toknow"fortheofficialsintheImperialEmperor,earnestlypointedout:"thanfornonsilenttributeInge,YongJie,Juanlvweisaiditwill,atthethoughtofdisorderoftheheartIfnot,whatisBenandminionstosend"ThepreviousnationalGongjuexamination,"EmperorTaizongreallyLTHS,earnasmuchasWhiteheadhero"Althoughthis"hero"isMingliterati,Jinshi,selectionofcourtseriouslackofmilitarypersonnellchiYongjieInthelongrun,ifthecountrydoesnotreservesuchtalents,howcanitreflectthechangeinthefutureSo,theemperoraskedeveryonetoactivelyselect"AliceGuanmountainpeerlessormatchlessbraveryorvalour,pullingforcechiandyum,thelatitudebydayonlypolicyYuLiang,YunPing,ChiWeiHuo,meritintwofromthetraceofWu,white,inanimalhusbandry,GuangzhourailupRewardthegoodandthegood,punishtheevil,andfearthearmy"Inthesameyear,LiuRenyuanleftXiaoweiLang,"callforthethreeorderWenwuGaudi("TangLiuRenwouldliketheJiGongmonument")"later,Yifengthreeyears(ADyears),censorethicsshouldalsogiveLouwarriorstojointhearmy,withtheLiJingxuanexpeditionLuforthefirstyear(AD),EmperorWupersonallysummonedstatesinthetempletree,ask"whatisproduced,array,religion"WuzhiWeiYuethistimejustforMuke,Calmlyreplied:"theteachertorighteousness,ifthereisrain,tohavesufficientfoodsoldiersin,andfarmingandwar,todeathbyarraylight,generalharmony,butalsothepflp"Theemperorwasverypleased,thenpulloutthesuper("Guangdeheroicrecord")Changantwoyears(ADyears),thequeenopeneddayofmartialart,andpersonallyawardedtheimperialworld:"IsmellWuRoadbylatitudeandthefounding,thespringandAutumnperiod,andattheageofdeathbyThemilitaryofficerfiveandsevenandabove,andtheofficialofficialcaptaincywhenCishi,tube,evenwithlift,andtenfamilies,remainedfaithful,threeofusarewalkingtogether,myteacherstill,shallnotrecommendnohunting,ifnotfalse,sincedifferentsong,fornonMing,ithasbeentheleakageDepartment,theDepartmentoftheOrdinance,thenoticeofdistance,Iknowit"Tryingtoputsomemilitarypersonnelselectionmechanismofthereformisveryoriginal,oftenoftenJulaiselectionofmilitarypersonnelInorderforthecourttoselectmorecourage,andcankillmilitarypersonnel'sarmyThecourtrules:inthesameyear,oftenheldtheexam,alsoVukoexaminationTheapplicationandselection,fordelivery,registrationandotherrelevantmeasures,consistentwiththeDepartmentofChangXiangGong:"wherethenextoneAndifaprefecturetribute,issettomakeandzuichoMengDongprovince,theshapeandprospectingresponsibility,andalsotryYanKai"Thesocalled"andcomputerscience,namely,with"three"intheelection",said,"everyyearVukocandidates,suchasYin,scholarsofthelaw,forthecountrydrinkingceremony,senttotheMinistryofwar"Unfortunately,fromthebeginningofthatday,martialsystemintothemisunderstandingCreativespiritofthedaythequeendidnotseemtothinkclearlyaboutwhatshouldtestwhat,throughwhatchannelsselectionofmilitarypersonnelTheexaminationcontent,examinationincluding"light"and"martial"twotests"Thesystemhaslongstack,horseshotshot,flattube,step,shoot,andAlice,andcarbineweight,figureselectionItissevenfeetlongandthreeinchesandteninchesindiameterWhenthetwohandsarelifted,thehandisclosed,andthesourceisnomorethanafootBearing,negativefivemetersHu,twentystepsareinthearticle,alsothecountrydrinkingceremonyhyobu"Longpile,belongingto"theonlylightinthetestproject"Thatshotoutsidethetargetdistance,accuracytestcandidatesforarchery"Theclasssystem,paintedsilkfiverules,settogotothemound,hasfivesteps,tositouttheejector,dubbedthe"longpile""Candidateswithastonebow(today'skilograms),shotsixdollarsofarrows(aboutgrams)Thirtyshotscanbefiredperperson,andtheaccuracyofthearrowswillbeabove"secondclass",thatis,qualified"Military"testisacomprehensivetesttotestmanycontents,including:ridingandshooting,shot,Caimao,carbine,speech,weightliftingetcThefirstisthatthehorseridingandshooting,shootingtestcandidatesonhorsebackarcherylevelHorseshottarget"insoilasthelie,thelengthandthepilewerefortwodeerleather,hangingcalendar,setonit"Candidateswithsevenbucketbow(aboutkilograms),howtocalculatethescorehitthedeerCarbineassessmentistheabilityofstudentstorideaccuratestabbingofobjectsintheimmediatelyshippedgunThemansaid:"thebrokenwood,wearplateontop,wherefourdolls,eachcolumnLei,gallopintothelie,gunrunningaroundtouch,willfallandnotfalledition"Toenablethelandingofthesquareboard,WhilenotasqualifieddollsFortheuppertiaolathreeorfourplate,twoplateforthetime,therestisinferiorSteptoshoot,"asthetarget,notonlyassessestheaccuracyofarchery,buttheshootingmethodofspecificationAliceandweight,arecandidateassessmenteffortsmaterialappearance,heightrequirementsforcandidates,"tomorethansixfeetinlengthforthetime,timeforthefollowing"ThedemandwasalmostharshtothepeopleofChina,whenthesixfootwasaboutmeterstoday,andthelanguagewasbetterthantheleaderButwhatkindofbodycancommandthewholearmyThisstandardisnotgoodenoughTallandstraightasyoucan,ofcourse,thatcanguide,WeiRuiwasnotriding,everywarmustbetheYuBeforetheexam,forthechildrentogotoYebaiWuTempleofTaiGonglike,likeChangKeYebaiConfuciusinConfucious'templeascandidates,aretheancestorsofitalyIntheassessment,"forthefiveperson"ThespecificchargeofVukomatters,toTsbeToro,toXuanzongKaiyuantwentysixyears,thecourtconsideredVukoexamination,"buttheCommissionofficial,iscalledthelowgrade,YanFromnowon,shouldbeWuJuren,YilingLangexpertise"Then,turnbyBingbuShilangspecialrulesButthiskindofmartialart,onlyWuYiandbrawn,regardlessofTaolueresourcefulnessTheentireexamislikeamilitarytodayallfivegames,inadditiontotheselectionanddonotreflectthegallantsoldier,"thearmyattackplan"thoughtTherefore,attheendoftheTangDynasty,inadditiontotheselectionofa"reTangchamber"FenyangkingGuoZiyi,itseemsnolongercalled"ring"ofthefamousEvenso,thereareotherswhoargueagainstthebanInTangDezongLibuYuanwaiLangbothShenJisuggestedabolitionofmartialart,hesaid:"thisisinsideandoutsidetheterritory,divisionandbrigade,Pianbischool,whereatleast,ChengYitodeduction,recruitmentisluredintothedoorIftheseconditions,andXiaoXiong,andsaidthelackofdefenseattache,althoughXiunbearablebattle,bowsandarrows,andenjoyLufeng,escapesignserviceregulationsPleasestopheretodaytomakeakilling"TianJianYidoctorDunmorealarmist,hebelievesthateveryyeartoparticipateintheexaminationofhundredsofpeopletakeoutamilitaryimperialbow,mayposeathreattotheemperor'ssafety,onthetabletorepealmartialZhenyuanfourteenyears(ADyears),butthemilitarywasteAftertenyears,themilitaryisrestoredAfterall,asoften,Vukoofthatattention,sothecandidates,"everyyearoldbutten"Andpronetointerferenceofpolitical,personnelandotherfactors,makeVukofrompeople,andButit'sreallyveryfarreachinginfluence,untiltheQingDynasty,istoholdthebowandtheswordofthearrowShimastepmilitaryexaminationThemilitaryonlybyforcefrompeopledissatisfied,thentherearemanyTianShouthreeyears(ADyears),rightuptothedaysofQueenXueQianguangquethebook,hepointedout:"seeknotlongerthanahorsebow"StrategyshouldbeastandardformeasuringexcellentmilitarypersonnelKaiyuannineyears(ADyears),andthentocountyXuanzong"lift":"WuZhiyongZhaoseven,sopeoplesaidthatthebanofviolencethethree,sobeatitShuisoneofthemain,isKongmingQinineJun,ZhouSiguanTheconditiontowidecharactersatmost,it'snosmellofpennyspentCoveranduse,knowledgeandignoranceIftheborderisnotclear,theborderwillbeclosed,Equivalenttoaculturalexaminationcalledaninfield"Afterthefirsttestisqualified,youcantakesecondexamsTheexaminationcontentofeachfieldinthesametime,theQingDynastywillbeintegratedintoassessmentcontent,"ridetimes,arrowbranches,arrowsinthetargetwhoisqualified"Becausethereisno"Vukostelae"system,therearefewthingsdevotedtothebooksoftheQingDynastyVuko,includingWuDingJia,oftencannotsaythedetailsFortunately,neighborZhuPengshouhadmadeastatistics,leftusapreciousmaterialThereareotheraspectsofthematerialadded,sothatweintheQingDynastyWuDingJiaroughlyunderstandIntheQingDynasty,WuconductedatotalofonehundredandtwelvetimesForonehundredandtwelveyears,thenamesofthemartialartschampionswererecorded,butonlyninetytwopeoplewereknownatthemoment(theremainingtwentyonepeoplestillneedtotestTherefore,thestatisticsarenotcomplete,buttheexaminationbasedonthedifferenceinOntariovisible)BytheQingDynastyWuzhuangyuandistributiontableRankingProvince,martialchampionHebeiShandongZhejiangJiangsuChinesemilitaryflagShanxiHenanGuangdongGansuFujianfullflagJiangxiShaanxiSichuanHebeiprovincehasthelargestnumberofmartialartists,andoneprovinceoccupiesofthetotalamountofthecountryManyeyes,WuthirdWulistthantheotherThisisinseparablefromthemartialartsinHebeiprovinceSotheexaminationofHebeiProvinceinQingDynastypaidspecialattentiontotheselection,examinationplacesthanhisprovincetomuchShaanxi,GansuandtwoprovinceswillbefamousinancienttimesEspeciallyinGansu,althoughtheeconomyandculturearerelativelybackward,butinperson,"strongtalent,strong,morevaliant""SotheChingDynastyinShaanxiandGansuProvinceisatwoTheQingDynasty,GansuhadthreetopWu,afoursecond,third,toGansu'seconomyandcultureandpopulation,thenumberisnotsmallInaddition,Shanxi'sperformanceisalsogood,donotforgetthesizeofthepopulation,thatis,Henan,ShandongContactHebeitosee,itisthesocalled"sinceancienttimes,thebrave,notquiet,and""!Also,weshouldviewpartialsplitpronoungraduallygetridoftheJiangsuandZhejiangisweak,especiallyinZhejiang,thewindisnotWuJiLu,butotherprovincescannotleaveitsright!Thisreport:QingDynastyartschampiondistributiontable(beforefive)RankedprovincechampionJiangsuZhejiangAnhuiShandongHebeiFujianItobviously,theproportionisWuzhuangyuannorth,thesouthisaleadingscholarHebeiProvincemartialchampionthirtytwo,theliterarychampiononlythreeIncontrast,JiangsuprovinceisthetwentysevenleadingscholarandthesixhighestinmartialartsThenorthandthesouth,thecivilandthemilitary,areequallylongItshouldbesaidthatthetwoprovincesofShandongandZhejiangarerelativelybalancedintheirdevelopmentBoththemartialartsandthemartialartsarebetter,andtheproportionofthetwoleadingscholarsseemstobereasonable

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历史上的武举制度(The history of the imperial examination system)

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