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首页 应该脱口而出的英语口语.doc

应该脱口而出的英语口语.doc

应该脱口而出的英语口语.doc

上传者: 李村坚 2018-05-15 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《应该脱口而出的英语口语doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含应该脱口而出的英语口语应该脱口而出的背完你的英语口语就差不多了Anydaywilldo,哪一天都可以,Anymessagesforme,有我的留言吗符等。

应该脱口而出的英语口语应该脱口而出的背完你的英语口语就差不多了Anydaywilldo,哪一天都可以,Anymessagesforme,有我的留言吗,Areyoubyyourself,你一个人来吗,Allrightwithyou,你没有问题吧,Areyoufreetomorrow,明天有空吗,Areyoukiddingme,你在跟我开玩笑吧,Assoonaspossible~尽可能快~Backinamoment~马上回来~Believeitornot~信不信由你~Betterlucknexttime~下次会更好~Boywillbeboys本性难移~Cometothepoint~有话直说~Doyouacceptplastic,收不收行用卡,Doesitkeeplong,可以保存吗,Don'tbesofussy~别挑剔了~Don'tcounttome~别指望我~Don'tfallforit~不要上当~Don'tgetmewrong~你搞错了~Don'tgivemethat~少来这套~Don'tletmedown~别让我失望~Don'tloseyourhead~别乐昏了头~Don'toverdoit~别做过头了~Don'tsittheredaydreaming~别闲着做白日梦~Don'tstandonceremony~别太拘束~Dropmealine~要写信给我~Easycomeeasygo~来得容易去得也快~Firstcomefirstserved~先到先得~Getamoveon~快点吧~Getoffmyback~不要嘲笑我~Givehimtheworks~给他点教训~Givemeabreak~饶了我吧~Givemeahand~帮我一个忙~Greatmindsthinkalike~英雄所见略同~I'lltreatyoutolunch午餐我请你~Inoneearouttheotherear一耳进一耳出~I'mspacedout~我开小差了~Ibegyourpardon~请你再说一遍~Ican'taffordthat~我付不起~Ican'tfollowyou~我不懂你说的~Ican'thelpit~我情不自禁~Icouldn'treachhim~我联络不上他~Icrossmyheart~我发誓是真的~Idon'tmeanit~我不是故意的~Ifeelverymiserabhingtotellyou(我有事要告诉你。Ismelledasmellofcooking(我闻到了烧菜做饭的味道。Iwanttoseethefilmagain(我真想再看一遍。I'vegottoomuchworktodo(我要做的工作太多了。Let'sgoforawalkshallwe咱们出去走走好吗Pleaseletmecheckthebill(请让我核对一下帐单。Plentyofsleepishealthful(充足的睡眠有益于健康。Thesuncomesupintheeast(太阳从东方升起。Thisisbecausewefeelpain(这是因为我们能感到疼痛。Whatdoyoudesiremetodo你想要我做什么Whatyousaidwasquitetrue你所说的完全符合事实。Youcaneitherstayorleave(你或者留下或者离开。Yourlifeisyourownaffair(你的生活是你自己的事。Allthatglittersisnotgold(发闪光的不全是黄金。Areyougoingtohaveaparty你要举行聚会吗Aren'tyouconcernedaboutit难道你不担心吗Don'tforgettokeepintouch(别忘了保持联系。Hebrokehiswordsonceagain他又一次违背了诺言。Heisinhiseverydayclothes(他穿着平常的衣服。HeistallerthanIbyahead(他比我高一头。Heledthemdownthemountain(他带他们下山。Hewastrainedtobealawyer(他被培养成一名律师。Iamafraidthatlhavetogo(我要走了。Idon'thaveanycashwithme(我身上没带现金。Ihavebeenputtingonweight(我开始发胖了。Ihavejustfinishedthebook(我刚刚读完这本书。Iwaslateforworkyesterday我昨天上班迟到了。Itappearstobeatruestory(这故事似乎是真的。I'vegottostartworkingout(我必须开始做健身运动了。JapanistotheeastofChina(日本在中国的东部。JohnaskedGracetomarryhim约翰向格雷斯求婚。Mywatchisfasterthanyours(我的表比你的表快。NewChinawasfoundedinl(年新中国成立。Thanksforyourflatteringme(多谢你的夸奖。Theychargedthefaultonhim(他们把过失归咎于他。Thiscarisingoodcondition(这车性能很好。Thisworkitselfisveryeasy(这件工作本身很容易。Truthisthedaughteroftime(时间见真理。TypicalofthegrasslanddwellersofthecontinentistheAmericanantelope,orpronghorn美洲羚羊或称叉角羚是该大陆典型的草原动物。OfthemillionswhosawHaley’scometin,howmanypeoplewilllivelongenoughtoseeitreturninthetwentyfirstcentury年看见哈雷慧星的千百万人当中有多少人能够长寿到足以目睹它在二十一世纪的回归呢,Anthropologistshavediscoveredthatfear,happiness,sadness,andsurpriseareuniversallyreflectedinfacialexpressions人类学家们已经发现恐惧快乐悲伤和惊奇都会行之于色这在全人类是共通的。Becauseofitsirritatingeffectonhumans,theuseofphenolasageneralantiseptichasbeenlargelydiscontinued由于苯酚对人体带有刺激性作用它基本上已不再被当作常用的防腐剂了。Ingrouptoremaininexistence,aprofitmakingorganizationmust,inthelongrun,producesomethingconsumersconsiderusefulordesirable任何盈利组织若要生存最终都必须生产出消费者可用或需要的产品。Thegreaterthepopulationthereisinalocality,thegreatertheneedthereisforwater,transportation,anddisposalofrefuse一个地方的人口越多其对水交通和垃圾处理的需求就会越大。Itismoredifficulttowritesimply,directly,andeffectivelythantoemployflowerybutvagueexpressionsthatonlyobscureone’smeaning简明直接有力的写作难于花哨含混而意义模糊的表达。Withmodernofficesbecomingmoremechanized,designersareattemptingtopersonalizethemwithwarmer,lesssevereinteriors随着现代办公室的日益自动化设计师们正试图利用较为温暖而不太严肃的内部装饰来使其具有亲切感。Thedifferencebetweenlibelandslanderisthatlibelisprintedwhileslanderisspoken诽谤和流言的区别在于前者是书面的而后者是口头的。Thekneeisthejointswherethethighbonemeetsthelargeboneofthelowerleg膝盖是大腿骨和小腿胫的连接处。Acidsarechemicalcompoundsthat,inwatersolution,haveasharptaste,acorrosiveactiononmetals,andtheabilitytoturncertainbluevegetabledyesred酸是一种化合物它在溶于水时具有强烈的气味和对金属的腐蚀性并且能够使某些蓝色植物染料变红。BillieHoliday’sreputationasagreatjazzbluessingerrestsonherabilitytogiveemotionaldepthtohersongsBillieHoliday’s作为一个爵士布鲁斯乐杰出歌手的名声建立在能够赋予歌曲感情深度的能力。Essentially,atheoryisanabstract,symbolicrepresentationofwhatisconceivedtobereality理论在本质上是对认识了的现实的一种抽象和符号化的表达。Longbeforechildrenareabletospeakorunderstandalanguage,theycommunicatethroughfacialexpressionsandbymakingnoises儿童在能说或能听懂语言之前很久就会通过面部表情和靠发出噪声来与人交流了。Thankstomodernirrigation,cropsnowgrowabundantlyinareaswhereoncenothingbutcactiandsagebrushcouldlive受当代灌溉(技术设施)之赐农作物在原来只有仙人掌和荞属科植物才能生存的地方旺盛的生长。Thedevelopmentofmechanicaltimepiecesspurredthesearchformoreaccuratesundialswithwhichtoregulatethem机械计时器的发展促使人们寻求更精确的日晷以便校准机械计时器。Anthropologyisascienceinthatanthropologistsusearigoroussetofmethodsandtechniquestodocumentobservationsthatcanbecheckedbyothers人类学是一门科学因为人类学家采用一整套强有力的方法和技术来记录观测结果而这样记录下来的观测结果是供他人核查的。Fungiareimportantintheprocessofdecay,whichreturnsingredientstothesoil,enhancessoilfertility,anddecomposesanimaldebris真菌在腐化过程中十分重要而腐化过程将化学物质回馈于土壤提高其肥力并分解动物粪便。Whenitisstruck,atuningforkproducesanalmostpuretone,retainingitspitchoveralongperiodoftime音叉被敲击时产生几乎纯质的音调其音量经久不衰。AlthoughpecansaremostplentifulinthesoutheasternpartoftheUnitedStates,theyarefoundasfarnorthasOhioandIllinois虽然美洲山河桃树最集中于美国的东南部但是在北至俄亥俄州及伊利诺州也能看见它们。Eliminatingproblemsbytransferringtheblametoothersisoftencalledscapegoating用怪罪别人的办法来解决问题通常被称为寻找替罪羊。Thechieffoodseateninanycountrydependlargelyonwhatgrowsbestinitsclimateandsoil一个国家的主要食物是什么大体取决于什么作物在其天气和土壤条件下生长得最好。Overaverylargenumberoftrials,theprobabilityofanevent’soccurringisequaltotheprobabilitythatitwillnotoccur在大量的实验中某一事件发生的几率等于它不发生的几率。Mostsubstancecontractwhentheyfreezesothatthedensityofasubstance’ssolidishigherthanthedensityofitsliquid大多数物质遇冷收缩所以他们的密度在固态时高于液态。Themechanismbywhichbraincellsstorememoriesisnotclearlyunderstood大脑细胞储存记忆的机理并不为人明白。Bythemiddleofthetwentiethcentury,paintersandsculptorsintheUnitedStateshadbeguntoexertagreatworldwideinfluenceoverart到了二十一世纪中叶美国画家和雕塑家开始在世界范围内对艺术产生重大影响。IntheeasternpartofNewJerseyliesthecityofElizabeth,amajorshippingandmanufacturingcenter伊丽莎白市一个重要的航运和制造业中心坐落于新泽西州的东部。ElizabethBlackwell,thefirstwomanmedicaldoctorintheUnitedStates,foundedtheNewYorkInfirmary,aninstitutionthathasalwayshadacompletelyfemalemedicalstaffElizabethBlackwell美国第一个女医生创建了员工一直为女性纽约诊所。AlexanderGrahamBelloncetoldhisfamilythathewouldratherberememberedasateacherofthedeafthanastheinventorofthetelephoneAlexanderGrahamBell曾告诉家人他更愿意让后人记住他是聋子的老师而非电话的发明者。Becauseitsleavesremaingreenlongafterbeingpicked,rosemarybecameassociatedwiththeideaofremembrance采摘下的迷迭香树叶常绿不衰因此人们把迷迭香树与怀念联系在一起。Althoughapparentlyrigid,bonesexhibitadegreeofelasticitythatenablestheskeletontowithstandconsiderableimpact骨头看起来是脆硬的但它也有一定的弹性使得骨骼能够承受相当的打击。ThatxenoncouldnotFORMchemicalcompoundswasoncebelievedbyscientists科学家曾相信:氙气是不能形成化合物的。Researchintothedynamicsofstormsisdirectedtowardimprovingtheabilitytopredicttheseeventsandthustominimizedamageandavoidlossoflife对风暴动力学的研究是为了提高风暴预测从而减少损失避免人员伤亡。Theeliminationofinflationwouldensurethattheamountofmoneyusedinrepayingaloanwouldhavethesamevalueastheamountofmoneyborrowed消除通货膨胀应确保还贷的钱应与所贷款的价值相同。Futurism,anearlytwentiethcenturymovementinart,rejectedalltraditionsandattemptedtoglorifycontemporarylifebyemphasizingthemachineandmotion未来主义二十世纪早期的一个艺术思潮。拒绝一切传统试图通过强调机械和动态来美化生活。OneofthewildestandmostinaccessiblepartsoftheUnitedStatesistheEvergladeswherewildlifeisabundantandlargelyprotectedEverglades是美国境内最为荒凉和人迹罕至的地区之一此处有大量的野生动植物而且大多受(法律)保护。LucretiaMott’sinfluencewassosignificantthatshehasbeencreditedbysomeauthoritiesastheoriginatoroffeminismintheUnitedStatesLucretiaMott’s的影响巨大所以一些权威部门认定她为美国女权运动的创始人。Theactivitiesoftheinternationalmarketingresearcherarefrequentlymuchbroaderthanthoseofthedomesticmarketer国际市场研究者的活动范围常常较国内市场研究者广阔。ThecontinentaldividereferstoanimaginarylineintheNorthAmericanRockiesthatdividesthewatersflowingintotheAtlanticOceanfromthoseflowingintothePacific大陆分水岭是指北美洛矶山脉上的一道想象线该线把大西洋流域和太平洋流域区分开来。StudiesofthegravityfieldoftheEarthindicatethatitscrustandmantleyieldwhenunusualweightisplacedonthem对地球引力的研究表明在不寻常的负荷之下地壳和地幔会发生位移。TheannualworthofUtah’smanufacturingisgreaterthanthatofitsminingandfarmingcombined尤它州制造业的年产值大于其工业和农业的总和。Thewallflowerissocalledbecauseitsweakstemsoftengrowonwallsandalongstonycliffsforsupport墙花之所以叫墙花是因为其脆弱的枝干经常要靠墙壁或顺石崖生长以便有所依附。Itistheinteractionbetweenpeople,ratherthantheeventsthatoccurintheirlives,thatisthemainfocusofsocialpsychology社会心理学的主要焦点是人与人之间的交往而不是他们各自生活中的事件。NosocialcrusadearousedElizabethWilliams’enthusiasmmorethantheexpansionofeducationalfacilitiesforimmigrantstotheUnitedStates给美国的新移民增加教育设施比任何社会运动都更多的激发了ElizabethWilliams的热情。Quailstypicallyhaveshortroundedwingsthatenablethemtospringintofullflightinstantlywhendisturbedintheirhidingplaces典型的鹌鹑都长有短而圆的翅膀凭此他们可以在受惊时一跃而起飞离它们的躲藏地。Accordingtoanthropologists,theearliestancestorsofhumansthatstooduprightresembledchimpanzeesfacially,withslopingforeheadsandprotrudingbrows根据人类学家的说法直立行走的人的鼻祖面部轮廓与黑猩猩相似额头后倾眉毛突出。Notuntilwasthefullysuccessfultransatlanticcablefinallylaid直到年第一条横跨大西洋的电缆才完全成功的架通。Inhiswriting,JohnCroweRansomdescribeswhatheconsidersthespiritualbarrennessofsocietybroughtaboutbyscienceandtechnologyJohnCroweRansom在他的著作中描述了他认为是由科学技术给社会带来的精神贫困。Childrenwithparentswhoseguidanceisfirm,consistent,andrationalareinclinedtopossesshighlevelsofselfconfidence父母的教导如果坚定始终如一和理性孩子就有可能充满自信。TheancientHopewellpeopleofNorthAmericaprobablycultivatedcornandothercrops,buthuntingandgatheringwerestillofcriticalimportanceintheireconomy北美远古的Hopewell人很可能种植了玉米和其他农作物但打猎和采集对他们的经济贸易仍是至关重要的。UsingmanysymbolsmakesitpossibletoputalargeamountofinFORMationonasinglemap使用多种多样的符号可以在一张地图里放进大量的信息Anarchismisatermdescribingaclusterofdoctrinesandattitudeswhoseprincipalunitingfeatureisthebeliefthatgovernmentisbothharmfulandunnecessary无政府主义这个词描述的是一堆理论和态度它们的主要共同点在于相信政府是有害的没有必要的。ProbablynomanhadmoreeffectonthedailylivesofmostpeopleintheUntiedStatesthandidHenryFordapioneerinautomobileproduction恐怕没有谁对大多数美国人的日常生活影响能超过汽车生产的先驱亨利福特。Theuseofwellchosennonsensewordsmakespossiblethetestingofmanybasichypothesesinthefieldoflanguagelearning使用精心挑选的无意义词汇可以检验语言学科里许多基本的假定。Thehistoryofpaintingisafascinatingchainofeventsthatprobablybeganwiththeveryfirstpicturesevermade优化历史是由一连串的迷人事件组成其源头大概可以上溯到最早的图画。Perfectlymatchedpearls,strungintoanecklace,bringafarhigherpricethanthesamepearlstoldindividually相互般配的珍珠串成一条项链就能卖到比单独售出好得多的价钱。Duringtheeighteenthcentury,LittleTurtlewaschiefoftheMiamitribewhoseterritorybecamewhatisnowIndianaandOhio十八世纪时“小乌龟”是迈阿密部落的酋长该部落的地盘就是今天的印第安那州和俄亥俄州。Amongalmostsevenhundredspeciesofbamboo,somearefullygrownatlessthanafoothigh,whileotherscangrowthreefeetintwentyfourhours在竹子的近七百个品种中有的全长成还不到一英尺有的却能在二十四小时内长出三英尺。Beforestaringonaseavoyage,prudentnavigatorslearntheseacharts,studythesailingdirections,andmemorizelighthouselocationstopreparethemselvesforanyconditionstheymightencounter谨慎的航海员在出航前会研究航向记录的灯塔的位置以便对各种可能出现的情况做到有备无患。Ofalltheeconomicallyimportantplants,palmshavebeentheleaststudied在所有的经济作物中棕榈树得到的研究最少。Buyersandsellersshouldbeawareofnewdevelopmentsintechnologycananddoesaffectmarketingactivities购买者和销售者都应该留意技术的新发展原因很简单因为技术能够并且已经影响着营销活动。Theapplicationofelectroniccontrolsmadepossiblebythemicroprocessorandcomputerstoragehavemultipliedtheusesofthemoderntypewriter电脑储存和由于电子微处理机得以实现的电控运用成倍的增加了现代打字机的功能。Thehumanskeletonconsistsofmorethantwohundredbonesboundtogetherbytoughandrelativelyinelasticconnectivetissuescalledligaments人类骨骼有二百多块骨头组成住些骨头石油坚韧而相对缺乏弹性的被称为韧带的结蒂组连在一起。Thepigmentationofapearlisinfluencedbythetypeofoysterinwhichitdevelopsandbythedepth,temperature,andthesaltcontentofthewaterinwhichtheoysterlives珍珠的色泽受到作为其母体牡蛎种类及牡蛎生活水域的深度温度和含盐度的制约。Althoughmockingbirdssuperblymimicthesongsandcallsofmanybirds,theycannonethelessbequicklyidentifiedasmockingbirdsbycertainauralclues尽管模仿鸟学很多种鸟的鸣叫声惟妙惟肖但人类还是能够依其声音上的线索很快识别它们。Notonlycanwalkingfishliveoutofwater,buttheycanalsotravelshortdistancesoverland鲇鱼不仅可以离开水存活还可以在岸上短距离移动。Scientistsdonotknowwhydinosaursbecameextinct,butsometheoriespostulatethatchangersingeography,climate,andsealevelswereresponsible科学家不知道恐龙为何绝种了但是一些理论推断是地理气候和海平面的变化造成的。Thescienceofhorticulture,inwhichtheprimaryconcernsaremaximumyieldandsuperiorquality,utilizesinFORMationderivedfromothersciences主要目的在于丰富和优质的农艺学利用了其他科学的知识。Snowaidsfarmersbykeepingheartinthelowergroundlevels,therebysavingtheseedsfromfreezing雪对农民是一种帮助因为它保持地层土壤的温度使种子不致冻死。Eventhoughtheprecisequalitiesofheroinliterarywordsmayvaryovertime,thebasicexemplaryfunctionoftheheroseemstoremainconstant历代文学作品中的英雄本色虽各有千秋但其昭世功力却是恒古不变的。Peopleinprehistorictimescreatedpaintsbygrindingmaterialssuchasplantsandclayintopowerandthenaddingwater史前的人们制造颜料是将植物和泥土等原料磨成粉末然后加水。Oftenveryannoyingweeds,goldenrodscrowdoutlesshardyplantsandactashoststomanyinsectpests***花通常令人生厌它挤走不那么顽强的植物并找来很多害虫。StartingaroundBC,andforthenextfourthousandyears,muchoftheNorthernHemisphereexperiencedtemperatureswarmerthanatpresent大约从公元前七千年开始在四千年当中北半球的温度比现在高。WhenHenryFordfirstsoughtfinancialbackingformakingcars,theverynotionoffarmersandclerksowningautomobileswasconsideredridiculous当亨利福特最初制造汽车为寻求资金支持时农民和一般职员也能拥有汽车的想法被认为是可笑的。Thoughoncequitelarge,thepopulationofthebaldeagleacrossNorthAmericahasdrasticallydeclinedinthepastfortyyears北美秃头鹰的数量一度很多但在近四十年中全北美的秃头鹰数量急剧下降。Thebeaverchewsdowntreestogetfoodandmaterialwithwhichtobuilditshome水獭啃倒树木以便取食物并获得造窝的材料。Poodleswereonceusedasretrieversinduckhunting,buttheAmericanKennelClubdoesnotconsiderthemsportingdogsbecausetheyarenowprimarilykeptaspets长卷毛狗曾被用作猎鸭时叼回猎物的猎犬但是美国KennelClub却不承认它们为猎犬因为它们现在大多数作为宠物饲养。Asaresultofwhatisnowknowinphysicsandchemistry,scientistshavebeenabletomakeimportantdiscoveriesinbiologyandmedicine物理学和化学的一个成果是使得科学家们能在生物学和医学上获得重大发现。ThepracticeofmakingexcellentfilmsbasedonratherobscurenovelshasbeengoingonsolongintheUnitedStatesastoconstituteatradition根据默默无闻的小说制作优秀影片在美国由来已久已经成为传统。Sincetheconsumerconsidersthebestfruittobethatwhichisthemostattractive,thegrowermustprovideproductsthatsatisfythediscerningeye因为顾客认为最好的水果应该看起来也是最漂亮的所以种植者必须提供能满足挑剔眼光的产品。Televisionthemostpervasiveandpersuasiveofmoderntechnologies,markedbyrapidchangeandgrowth,ismovingintoanewera,aneraofextraordinarysophisticationandversatility,whichpromisestoreshapeourlivesandourworld电视这项从迅速变化和成长为标志的最普及和最有影响力的现代技术正在步入一个新时代一个极为成熟和多样化的时代这将重塑我们的生活和世界。Televisionismorethanjustanelectronicsitisameansofexpression,aswellasavehicleforcommunication,andassuchbecomesapowerfultoolforreachingotherhumanbeings电视不仅仅是一件电器它是表达的手段和交流的载体并因此成为联系他人的有力工具。Evenmoreshockingisthefactthatthenumberandrateofimprisonmenthavemorethandoubledoverthepasttwentyyears,andrecidivismthatistherateforrearrestismorethanpercent更让人吃惊的事实是监禁的数目和比例在过去的二十年中翻了一番还有余以及累犯率即再次拘押的比例为百分之六十强。WilliamRaineyHarperluredhimtothenewuniversityofChicago,whereheremainedofficiallyforexactlyagenerationandwherehisstudentsinadvancedcompositionfoundhimterrifyinglyfrigidintheclassroombutsympatheticandunderstandingintheirpersonalconferences他的教书生涯始于麻省理工学院但是WilliamRaineyHarper把他吸引到了新成立的芝加哥大学。他在那里正式任职长达整整一代人的时间。他的高级作文课上的学生觉得他在课上古板得可怕但私下交流却富有同情和理解。TheslothpayssuchlittleattentiontoitspersonalhygienethatgreenalgaegrowonitscoarsehairandcommunitiesofaparasiticmothliveinthedepthsofitscoatproducingcaterpillarswhichgrazeonitsmouldyhairItsmusclesaresuchthatitisquitsincapableofmovingataspeedofoverakilometeranhourevenovertheshortestdistancesandtheswiftestmovementitcanmakeisasweepofitshookedarm树獭即不讲究卫生以至于它粗糙的毛发上生出绿苔成群的寄生蛾生长在它的皮毛深处变成毛毛虫并以它的脏毛为食。她的肌肉不能让他哪怕在很短的距离以内以每小时一公里的速度移动。它能做的最敏捷的动作就是挥一挥它弯曲的胳膊。ArtificialflowersareusedforscientificaswellasfordecorativepurposesTheyaremadefromavarietyofmaterials,suchaswayandglass,soskillfullythattheycanscarcelybedistinguishedfromnaturalflowers人造花卉即可用于科学目的也可用于装饰目的它们可以用各种各样的材料制成臂如蜡和玻璃其制作如此精巧几乎可以以假乱真。ThreeyearsofresearchatanabandonedcoalmineinArgonne,Illinois,haveresultedinfindingsthatscientistsbelievecanhelpreclaimthousandsofminedisposalsitesthatscarthecoalrichregionsoftheUnitedStates在伊利诺州Angonne市的一个废弃煤矿的三年研究取得了成果科学家们相信这些成果可以帮助改造把美国产煤区弄得伤痕累累的数千个旧煤场。Whenthepersuadingandtheplanningforthewesternrailroadshadfinallybeencompleted,thereallychallengingtaskremained:thedangerous,sweaty,backbreaking,brawlingbusinessofactuallybuildingthelines当有关西部铁路的说服和规划工作终于完成后真正艰难的任务还没有开始即危险吃力需要伤筋动骨和吵吵嚷嚷的建造这些铁路的实际工作。Becauseofthespacecrunch,theArtMuseumhasbecomeincreasinglycautiousinconsideringacquisitionsanddonationsofart,insomecasespassingupopportunitiestostrengtheniscollections由于空间不足艺术博物馆在考虑购买和接受捐赠的艺术品是越来越慎重有些情况下放弃其进一步改善收藏的机会。TheUnitedStatesConstitutionrequiresthatPresidentbeanaturalborncitizen,thirtyfiveyearsofageorolder,whohaslivedintheUnitedStatesforaminimumoffourteenyears美国宪法要求总统是生于美国本土的公民三十五岁以上并且在美国居住了至少十四年。AridregionsinthesouthwesternUnitedStateshavebecomeincreasinglyinvitingplaygroundsforthegrowingnumberofrecreationseekerswhoownvehiclessuchasmotorcyclesorpoweredtrailbikesandindulgeinhillclimbingcontestsorincavingnewtrailsinthedesert美国西部的不毛之地正成为玩耍的地方对越来越多拥有摩托车或越野单车类车辆的喜欢放纵于爬坡比赛或开辟新的沙漠通道的寻欢作乐者具有不断增长的吸引力。Stonedoesdecay,andsotoolsoflongagohaveremainedwheneventhebonesofthemanwhomadethemhavedisappearedwithouttrace石头不会腐烂所以以前的(石器)工具能保存下来虽然它们的制造者已经消失的无影无踪。Insectswouldmakeitimpossibleforustoliveintheworldtheywoulddevourallourcropsandkillourflocksandherds,ifitwerenotfortheprotectionwegetfrominsecteatinganimals昆虫就将会使我们无法在这个世界上居住如果我们没有受到以昆虫为食的动物的保护昆虫就会吞嚼掉我们所有的庄稼并杀死我们饲养的禽兽。Itistruethatduringtheirexplorationstheyoftenfaceddifficultiesanddangersofthemostperilousnature,equippedinamannerwhichwouldmakeamodernclimbershudderatthethought,buttheydidnotgooutoftheirwaytocourtsuchexcitement确实他们在探险中遇到了极具威胁性的困难和危险而他们的装备会让一个现代登山者想一想都会浑身颤栗。不过他们并不是刻意去追求刺激的。Thereisonlyonedifferencebetweenanoldmanandayoungone:theyoungmanhasagloriousfuturebeforehimandoldonehasasplendidfuturebehindhim:andmaybethatiswheretherubis老人和年轻人之间只有一个区别:年轻人的前面有辉煌的未来老年人灿烂的未来却已在它们身后。这也许就是困难之所在。IfindyoungpeopleexcitingTheyhaveanairoffreedom,andtheyhavenotadrearycommitmenttomeanambitionsorlovecomfortTheyarenotanxioussocialclimbers,andtheyhavenodevotiontomaterialthings我们位年强人振奋。它们带有自由的气息他们不会为狭隘的野心和贪婪享受而孜孜以求。他们不是焦虑的向上爬的人他们不会对物质性的东西难舍难分。IamalwaysamazedwhenIhearpeoplesayingthatsportcreatesgoodwillbetweenthenations,andthatifonlythecommonpeoplesoftheworldcouldmeetoneanotheratfootballorcricket,theywouldhavenoinclinationtomeetonthebattlefield每次我听说体育运动能够在国家间建立起友好感情说世界各地的普通人只要能在足球场或板球场上相遇就会没有兴趣在战场上相遇的话我都倍感诧异。Itisimpossibletosaysimplyforthefunandexercise:assoonasthequestionofprestigearises,assoonasyoufeelthatyouandsomelargerunitwillbedisgracedifyoulose,themostsavagecombativeinstinctsarearound没有可能仅仅为了娱乐或锻炼而运动:一旦有了问题一旦你觉得你输了你和你所属团体会有失体面时你最野蛮的好斗本能就会被激发出来。Ithasbeenfoundthatcertainbatsemitsqueaksandbyreceivingtheechoes,theycanlocateandsteerclearofobstaclesorlocateflyinginsectsonwhichtheyfeedThisecholocationinbatsisoftencomparedwithradar,theprincipleofwhichissimilar人们已经发现某些蝙蝠发出尖叫声并靠接受回响来锁定和避免障碍物或者找到它们赖以为生的昆虫。蝙蝠这种回响定位法常拿来和原理与之很相近似的雷达相比。Asthetimeandcostofmakingaclipdroptoafewdaysandafewhundreddollars,engineersmaysoonbefreetolettheirimaginationssoarwithoutbeingpenalizedbyexpensivefailure随着芯片制造时间和费用降低到了几天和几百美元工程师们可能很快可以任他们的想象驰骋而不会被昂贵的失败所惩罚。蕤英语新闻标题总是力求用有限的字数来表达新闻的内容为此在措词上尤其要狠下功夫选词尽可能经济达意、简短明了偏爱选用那些短小精悍或字母最少的动词。这是因为短小易懂、形象生动的措词不仅能增强新闻的简洁性和可读性而且还能节省版面篇幅。如表示“破坏”或“损坏”一词意义的动词标题一般不用damage而用一些较之简短的词如hitharmhurt,ruin或wreck等。又如表示“放弃”这一概念的动词标题一般不用abandon而用dropgiveupquitskip或yield等表示“爆炸”之类的动词意义时一般不用explode而用blastcrashram或smash等词。简而言之英语新闻标题大都喜欢选用字形短小、音节不多而意义又比较广泛的词。aid=assist(帮助援助)alter=changeormodify(改变)ask=inquire(询问)assail=denounce(谴责)axe=dismissreduce(解雇减少)balk=impede(阻碍)ban=prohibitorforbid(禁止)bar=prevent(防止阻止)bare=exposeorreveal(暴露揭露)blast=explode(爆炸)begin=commence(开始)bid=attempt(努力)bilk=cheat(欺骗)bolt=desertorabandon(放弃)boost=increase(增加提高)check=examine(检查)claim=ausethedeathof(夺去……的生命)clash=disagreestrongy(发生分歧争议)curb=controlorrestrict(控制)dip=decIlneordecrease(下降)ease=lessen(减轻缓和)end=terminate(结束中止)flay=criticize(批评)flout=insult(侮辱)foil=preventfrom(阻止防止)grill=investigate(调查)gut=destroy(摧毁)head=direct(率领)hold=arrest(逮捕)laud=praise(赞扬)lop=diminish(下降减少)map=workout(制订)mark=celebrate(庆祝)name=appointnominate(命名提名)moot=discuss(讨论)mull=consider(考虑)nab=arrest(逮捕)nip=defeat(击败)ease=lessen(减轻缓和)end=terminate(结束中止)flay=criticize(批评)flout=insult(侮辱)foil=preventfrom(阻止防止)grill=investigate(调查)gut=destroy(摧毁)head=direct(率领)hold=arrest(逮捕)laud=praise(赞扬)lop=diminish(下降减少)map=workout(制订)mark=celebrate(庆祝)name=appointnominate(命名提名)moot=discuss(讨论)mull=consider(考虑)nab=arrest(逮捕)nip=defeat(击败)slay=murder(谋杀)soar=skyrocket(急剧上升)spur=encourage(激励鞭策)swap=exchange(交流交换)sway=influence(影响)trim=reduce(削减)vie=compete(竞争)vow=determine(决心发誓)weigh=consider(考虑
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