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首页 精读2 unit 1 课后习题答案

精读2 unit 1 课后习题答案.doc

精读2 unit 1 课后习题答案

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2019-06-14 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《精读2 unit 1 课后习题答案doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

KeytoexercisesUnitPreviewListentotherecordingofthetextandthenfillintheblanksinthefollowingsentencesaimpurposetrainingpracticalprofessionalskillstechnicaltraininguniversitiesgraduateschoolShakespearesplaysbeapharmacistmakingalivingkeephimselfhisfamilyexposeideaswakingaveragealivingallaboutindangermechanizedsavagespushbuttonNeanderthalshaveleftuspeculiaraccomplishmentsspeciescenterstorehousesarcastichumorousReadthetextforbettercomprehensionandanswerthequestions,payingspecialattentiontothepartsinboldtype)Itmeansannoyingexperiences,toughproblemsorfailures)TheymusthavefinishedtheirgraduatestudieswithanadvanceddegreelikeaPhD)Itsimplymeans“oneofthestudents”Theword“body”heremeansthewholegroupofstudentsBecausethestudentisthinandtallItismeanttobehumorousratherthaninsulting)HeteachesEnglishliterature)Byusingtheword“stuff”,heshowshisdislikeforthecourseveryclearlyHedoesntlikethecoursebecausehethinksitisuselessforhisplannedcareer)Wecanassumethathedoesnotthinkitnecessarytowastemoneyonthebookssinceheintendstodropthecourse)ThelatterItisahumorouswayofreferringtoacertaintypeofpeople)HeistalkingaboutthePharmacySchoolHeisbeingsarcasticwhenhecallsit“aDrugstoreMechanicsSchool”Itmeans“技工”)HeistalkingaboutthediplomaforuniversityorcollegegraduatesHehasinmindpeoplelikewhatthestudentwantstobe:pharmacists)Itmeans“havingbeenintroducedtotheideasdevelopedorproducedthroughouthistory)Itreferstohisefforttoconvincethestudent)“Hold”hereisanintransitiveverbmeaning“remaintrue”Itisoftenusedasasetphrase“holdtrue”)Itmeans“thingsofthesamekind”诸如此类)WecallitthefuturecontinuoustenseItisusedforongoingfutureactions)Heissayingherethatyouwillmakesurethatthemedicineyoumakewillnotbemixedwithpoisonifyouaretrainedasapharmacistthatthehousesyoubuildwillsuccessfullykeepoutbullsifyourchosenjobisengineeringandthatyourclientwillnotbesentencedtodeathbecauseyouareincompetentifyouwanttobealawyer)Theseareallusefulthingstodo…andraisesbringsupyourchildren)InformalEnglish,“may”isusedtoexpressahopeorwishMoreexamples:MayourcountrybeprosperousandourpeoplehappyMaypeacefinallyprevailNote:suffice(besufficient)Itisformalforhumorouseffect)民主的思想家Willyoubeheadingafamilythatisfamiliarwiththegreatdemocraticideasinpasthistory)Hemeansthetallstudent“Pest”isoftenusedtorefertoanannoyingpersonespeciallyachild)NoHemeansthatheisaimingtomakemoneyThatishispurposeforcomingtoschool)…youregoingtohavetroublefindingsomethingtodowhenyouarenotspendingmoney)…thenyoushouldntgotocollegeYouhavenoreasontogotocollege)Heissayingherethatyoungpeoplemaybecomesavagesliketheancientpeoplewholived,to,yearsagoalthoughtheycannowpushbuttonsandusemachines,hence,a“newspecies”)OurcollegesareboundtoproducesomestudentsofthiskindHeisverysarcasticaboutthesepeopleandthinksthattheyarenottrulyeducatedandcivilizedastheyshouldbetodayThereforeheusestheexpression:“suchlifeforms”Notealsothattheword“graduate”isusedasatransitiveverbhere)WearetalkingabouthowideasorconceptsaredevelopedandhowimportanttheyareintheevolutionofthehumanspeciesAnimalslivebyinstinctOnlyhumanbeingsareabletoformulateideassuchaslove,freedom,democracy,andequalityTheseideasmakeusdifferentfromotheranimalsAndwegettheseideasfrompeopleinthepastThatiswhyreadingissoimportantManyscholarsmaintainthatwithoutreadingwedontknowhowtothinkThereare,however,peoplewhoemphasizetheimportanceofdirectexperienceTheysaythat…DoingisalsolearningSometimestheyevengoasfarastomaintainthatreadingmaypreventusfromcreativethinking)Thefactthatwehavethefacultymeansthat…VocabularyDothefollowingexercisesonwordformationrules)Thefollowingwordsareadjectivesendingwiththesuffixes“ent”and“ant,”andtheircorrespondingnounsusuallyendingwith“ence”and“ance”Decidewhichofthefollowingshouldbetheformer,andwhichthelatterdifferentindependentextravagantcompetentarrogantimportantconfidentfragrantsignificantconvenientevidentintelligentrelevantpresenturgentviolentcurrentfrequentdistantNote:Thefollowingwordsarenouns,notadjectives:accountantassistantdefendantdependantattendant)Guessthecorrespondingnounsofthefollowing,payingspecialattentiontotheirpronunciationqualificationclarificationunificationnotificationclassificationidentificationintensificationjustificationsimplificationcertificationglorificationspecificationmodernizationmechanizationrealizationcivilizationglobalizationspecializationAmericanizationindustrializationurbanizationidealizationcentralizationmarketizationnationalizationprivatizationpermissiondiscussionadmissionprofessioncommissionconfessionremissionimpressionemissionoppressionsubmissioncompressiontransmissionexpressionomissiondepression)Givederivativesofthefollowingwordssense:sensitivesensiblesenselesssensibilityoversensitiveinsensitivetechnique:technicaltechnicallytechnicianspecial:speciallyspecialtyspecializeintellect:intellectualintelligentintelligencecivil:civilizecivilizationcivilizeduncivilized)TranslatethefollowingintoChineseManypeopleagreethattheincreasedenrollmentisabigaccomplishmentThelackofavailabilityofcertifiedaccountantswhocanmeetsuchhighqualificationsisstillabigproblemEarlyspecializationisnotwiseStudentsshouldhaveawideexposuretoworldculturebeforetheyspecializeStrongaswemightbesomedaywemustneverbecomearrogantWeshouldcontinuetopursuethepolicyofpeacefulcoexistenceamongnationsItisapenetratingthoughtthatanationspowerrestsessentiallywithitsadvancedcivilizationOurmemoryofpastdisastrousexperiencesisanextremelyimportantspiritualresourceTranslatethefollowingverbnouncollocationsintoEnglish)foldonesarms)foldtheletter)acquireknowledge)generateideas)generatejobs)generatepower)generateinterest)employworkers)useemploytime)rearraiseoneschildren)rearsheep)raiseonesfamily)raiseonesvoice)raisetax)raisethequestion)maintaincontact)maintainlawandorder)maintainpeaceGivethesynonymsandantonymsofthefollowingSynonymsreasonablyratherquiteclearlyevidentlytokeeptoraisetogainobtaintoproducetoprovedepartment(university)humanitydrugstorechemist(英)typeexamplemodelcasetoenterjoinhoweverbutsharpthoughtfulthinkerintellectualtoshaketrembleshiverunavoidablycertainlytosupposepresumethinkguesstohelpassiststrangeoddunusualqueerachievementsuccessvictoryspecialskillAntonymsunavailablemodestlygeneralunqualifieduncivilizedsavagetounfoldunemployedincompetenceinsensitiveCompletethesentenceswiththeexpressionslistedbelow)toseetoitexposedto)outforsucceedin)averagesout)specializein)stuckfor)presideover)stuckforseetoitthat)trueof)outtoseetoitthat)havenobusinessFillintheblankswiththerightwordorexpressioninthebracket)inmakingtofind)see)outofoffor)to)byfor)Poorashewasput)for)in)believedinforcing)physicistsensitiveTranslatethefollowingsentencesintoEnglish)ItiswrongtoraiseourchildrenthewaywegrowflowersinthegreenhouseWemustexposethemtoallsocialproblemsbecauseverysoontheywillbedealingwiththemasresponsiblecitizens)AstimegoesonweareinevitablygoingtogetmoreandmoreinvolvedininternationalaffairsAndconflictsaresuretooccurbecausetherealwaysexistdifferentviewsandinterestsbetweennations)Weareproudofouraccomplishments,andwehavereasontobeButwemustneverbecomearrogantOtherwisewewillloseourfriends)InformationisnoweasilyavailableAnaveragecomputercanstoretheinformationofasmalllibrary)ThatconstructioncompanyisnotqualifiedtohandletheprojectTheydonothaveanylegaldocumenttocertifythattheyhavethenecessaryexpertiseWemustfindacompanythatspecializesinbuildingtheatres)ThesethinktanksdonotmakedecisionsTheyareouttogeneratenewideasandpenetratinganalysesthatwillbeextremelyusefulfordecisionmakers)ThegrowthofGDPisnoteverythingOurcountrycannotbesaidtohavebeenmodernizedunlessthequalityofourpeopleslivesisreallyimproved)Pooraswewereinmanywaysatthattime,wewerestillquitehappyaschildren,fortherewascleanair,cleanwater,alotoffish,crabsandeelsintherivers,lakes,andpondsandalotofflowers,treesandbirdsinthefields)Giveabsolutepowertosomeindividualoranyparticulargroupofpeople,andthatpersonorgrouparesuretoabusethatpowerbecause,justasLordActonsays,“Powercorrupts,andabsolutepowercorruptsabsolutely”)TraditionallyinourcountryschooleducationwasalwayssaidtobemoreimportantandusefulcomparedwithallotherpursuitsGrammarPointouthowfuturetimeisexpressedandwhatconcepteachfutureexpressionconveysItisfarmorecomplicatedtotalkaboutthefuturethantotalkaboutthepresentandpastGenerally,futuretimeisexpressedinthesewaysFutureatPresenta)“will”asin):usedtosaysomethingisexpectedtohappen“willbedoing”asin):usedtosaythatyouaresurethatsomethingwillhappenbecausearrangementshavebeenmadeb)“begoingto”:used),)tosaythatsomethingwillhappenquitesoonortotalkaboutsbsintentionsorwhattheyhavedecidedtodoc)“thepresentprogressive”asin):usedtotalkaboutsomethingthatwillhappenbecauseyouhaveplannedorarrangeditd)“thesimplepresent”asin):usedtosaythatsomethingwilldefinitelyhappenataparticulartime,especiallybecauseithasbeenofficiallyarrangedFutureinthePasta)“would”asin):usedtosaywhatyouintendedtodoorexpectedtohappenb)“wasweregoingto”asin):usedtosaythatsomethingwasexpectedtohappenc)“wasweretodo”asin),):usedtotalkaboutsomethingthatwouldhappenbecauseithadbeenplannedorarrangedLearntouseemphasizingcoordinatingconjunctionsPointoutthegrammaticalformeachpairoftheconjunctionsconnectsEmphasizingcoordinatingconjunctionsconnectpartsofthesentencethathavethesamegrammaticalform)twonouns)twoadjectives)twoprepositionalphrases)twoinfinitivephrases)twonounphrases)twonounphrases)twoprepositionalphrases)twoprepositionalphrasesCombineeachpairofthesentencesusingtherightemphasizingcoordinatingconjunctions)TheprovinceisstrongbothinindustryandinagricultureTheprovinceisnotonlystronginindustry,butalsoinagriculture)Reliefagenciessaytheimmediateproblemisnotalackoffood,buttransportation)Generally,afterworkingforthecompanyforfiveyears,youngemployeeseitherarepromotedorleave)TVprogramsforchildrenshouldnotonlyentertainbutalsoteach)Obviously,thesechildrenaremotivatednotbyadesiretoachieve,butbyfearoffailure)Atpresent,itwouldbeneitherpracticalnordesirabletoeliminateexaminationsaltogether)AsianAmericansareplayingamoreactiveroleinpoliticsthaneverbefore,bothatlocalandnationallevel)Myunclebelievesthatinourtownsightseeingisbestdoneeitherbytourbusorbybicycle)Woodflooringnotonlycleanseasily,butisenvironmentallyfriendly)UntilIreadthearticleIknewneitherwhereshewasbroughtupnor(whereshewas)educated)Ifindthenewmanagerneithereasytogetalongwithnordelightfultotalkto)Contrarytowhatpeoplehadexpected,notonlydidheattendthemeeting,buthealsospokefortwentyminutesFillineachblankwithONEsuitableword()other()best()reason()mental()next()As()take()cool()thinking()restTranslatethefollowingsentencesintoEnglish)ThepremierisleavingforNewYorkforaUNconferencetomorrow)HeistomeettheheadsofstateofseveralcountriesduringhisstayinNewYork)WhatareyougoingtododuringtheNationalDayholidaysAreyougoinghomeorstayingoncampus)WhatdoyouthinkschoolwillbelikeintwentyyearstimeIthinkchildrenwillprobablylearnathomewithamechanicalteacher)Thirtyyearsago,mygrandparentsneverthoughttheywouldbeabletomoveintoatwostoreyhousewithallthemodernfacilities)Whattheylackisnotmoneybutexperience)TheyhavecometoChinanotonlytolearnChinese,buttolearnaboutChinesecultureaswell)Whatchildrenwantmostfromtheirparentsarenotmaterialthingsbutloveandattention)Youmayeitherwriteyouressayinyourregularexercisebookordoitonyourcomputer)ImnotquitesurewhyhedidntshowupEitherhewasnotinterested,orhesimplyforgotaboutit)Asocietyshouldrespectbothitsscientistsanditsgarbagecollectors)HeismiserlybothwithhismoneyandwithhistimeIdentifyandcorrectthemistakesNotethereisnomistakeintwoofthesentences)IwillphoneyouassoonasIarriveinBeijing)Wecanhardlyimaginewhatlifewillbelikeinyears)WhatarewegoingtodoifEdithwonthelpus(NomistakeinthissentenceHere“if…will”ispossiblewhenwillexpresses“willingness”))Pleasebeseated,everyoneTheshowisabouttobegin(Use“beabouttodosth”tosaythatsomethingwillhappenalmostimmediately“Will”isnotused))Itispredictedthatinabouttenyearstime,ChinawillbeabletosendmantotheMoon(“Tobeabletodosth”isusedtosayitispossibleforsomeoneorsomethingtodosomething))DropinwheneveryoupleaseYoullalwaysbewelcome(Adverbsoffrequency,suchasalways,usually,often,sometimes,etc,usuallygoimmediatelyinfrontofthemainverb))Neitherhisparents,norhisbrotherwasabletocometohisperformance(Themainverbagreeswiththenounphraseintroducedbynor))BothherfriendsandherEnglishteacherbelieveshewillwinthetalentcontest)Myfatherregardscreativitybothasagiftandasaskill(Normally,thetwoitemsconnectedbyemphasizingcoordinatingconjunctionsshouldbeexpressedinthesamegrammaticalform,here,twoprepositionalphrases))Wecaneitherdoitnoworafterclassitsuptoyou(NomistakeThoughthetwoitems“now”and“afterclass”arentthesamegrammaticalform,thisisacceptablebecausewecanregardthemascondensedfrom“Wecaneitherdoitnowordoitafterclass”Therefore,thetwoitemscanalsobedifferentgrammaticalformsservingthesamegrammaticalfunction,here,bothadverbials)又是一个新学年为什么上大学约翰·查尔迪首先,给大家讲讲我教书生涯刚开始的时候经历过的一次失败吧。那是在年的一月。我当时研究生刚毕业,开始在堪萨斯市大学教书。我的学生当中有个瘦高个儿,活像个长着头发的扁豆架支竿,他走进课堂,坐了下来,双手在胸前交叉着,看了看我,好像在说:好吧,教我点什么吧。两个礼拜以后,我们开始讲《哈姆雷特》。又过了三个礼拜,他来到了我的办公室,双手叉腰。“我告诉你,”他说,“我到这里来是为了当个药剂师。我干吗要读这玩意”说着他用手指了指桌子上我的那本书,因为他自己没带书来。我当时虽然是个初出茅庐的新教师,可我也能告诉这位一些理由。我可以向他指出,他进的不是一所制药学校,而是一所大学,修满大学课程他就能得到一份证书,上面写着“理学士”,而不是“合格的药剂师”。这份证书说明他接受过制药的专门训练,同时还说明,他受到过人类文明思想的熏陶。换言之,他上的不是一所职业技术学校,而是一所大学,学生上大学既要接受职业训练,也要接受人文教育。我完全可以对他说这些话的,但是很明显,他不会在大学坚持太久,他懂不懂这些道理无关键要。尽管如此,我当时很年轻,有很强的责任心,所以就试着这么跟他解释:“你这一辈子,每天大概平均有二十四小时。热恋的时候,一天的时间你会觉得短一点,而失恋的时候,则会长一些。但是平均起来,大致就是这个数。这其中的八个小时,你基本上是在睡觉。”“每个工作日,你大约需要工作八小时,我希望你会用来做些有用的事情。假设你修完了制药,或者是土木工程、法律或其他什么学科的课程,那么在这八小时里,你会使用你的专业技术:在配制阿司匹林的时候,确保里面不掺进氰化物在搞工程设计的时候,确保牛不会跳进篱笆里当律师时,就要确保你的委托人不会因为你的无能而上了电椅。这都是些非常有用的职业,都需要人们应该尊重的技能,这些技能都能帮你满足你的基本需求。除此之外,你的技能会换来你餐桌上的食物,让你能养活你的妻子,抚养你的子女。它们将成为你的收入来源,但愿你的收入永远够用。”“不过,下班以后还剩下八个小时你干什么呢好吧,你回到家里,回到你的家人身边,那你怎么养育你的孩子在家里你的孩子能受到一些理智而又充满洞察力的想法的熏陶吗身为一家之主,你能让你的家人对我们伟大的民主思想有所了解吗家里面会有书吗会有一副能让一个具有一定鉴赏力的人看了不至于不寒而栗的画吗你的孩子们会有机会听听巴赫的音乐吗”我当时大概就说了这些,但是这位老弟根本没有兴趣。“听我说,”他说,“你们教授就用你们的方法养育你们的孩子,我的孩子由我自己负责。我是来挣钱的。”“我希望你挣得多多的,”我说,“因为除了签支票购物,你就不会知道怎么打发时间。”十四年以后,我还在教书,今天到这里来就是要告诉你们,大学的任务并不只是提供职业训练,而是同时要让你们接触到人类最伟大的头脑迸发出来的思想。如果你没时间读莎士比亚,没时间读点基础哲学书籍,没时间了解艺术发展的过程,没时间学点和人类发展息息相关的历史课程那你就根本没必要上什么大学。你会逐渐变成会用点机械的野蛮人,那种只会按按钮的尼安德特人。我们的大学不可避免地会有一些这样的人毕业,但是我们不能说他们接受了大学教育,我们只能说他们走了过场大学教育并没有让他们接触到人文思想。没有一个人能够不经帮助就成为一个真正的人。人的一生时间十分短暂,不足以让他自己创造成为一个文明人需要知道的一切知识。比方说,你想当一名物理学家。穿过像麻省理工学院里的那些石材大厅的时候,你会发现石墙上刻着一些科学家的名字。极有可能的是,你们当中,可能没有人,即使有也只是极个别的人能够使自己的名字刻到那些石头上去。然而,你们中间任何一个人,只要你在中学物理课上还有不打瞌睡的时候,那你的物理知识就会比过去很多伟大的学者要多。那是因为他们把他们知道的东西都留给了你,因为你能在前人的基础上起步。人类的技术领域是如此,人类的精神资源也是如此。而这些资源,无论是技术上的,还是精神上的,大部分都储存在书本里。书本是人类特有的成就。当你看完一本书的时候,你的人生经验就增加了。你读了荷马的著作,你头脑里就会有了一些荷马的思想。通过书本,你能获得一些维吉尔、但丁、莎士比亚等伟人的思想,这些名字是不胜枚举的,一本好书必然是一件极其珍贵的礼物它能给你展现一种你自己没有时间去过的生活它能把你带进一个你在现实生活中不可能去旅游的世界。一个文明人的头脑,从本质上说,必须包括很多这样的生活和很多这样的世界。如果你因为活得匆忙而抽不出时间,或者对自己的局限不以为耻反以为荣,因而没有接受亚里士多德、乔叟或爱因斯坦等人的某些思想作为你为人之道的礼物,那么你就既不是一个心智发育完全的人,也不是一个民主国家里有用的公民。我记得好像是拉罗什富科曾经说过,如果没有读过关于爱情的文字,大多数人就永远不知道爱情是什么。他其实也可以说,人们要是没有读过怎么做人方面的书,他们永远也不知道什么是人。我认为一所大学如果不能让你们无论是作为专门人才,还是作为人接触你们应该吸纳的那些伟人思想的话,那么它就不是大学,也没有存在的必要。我相信我这种说法既代表人文院校也代表理工院校的教师们的意见。大学师资队伍存在的本身,明确地表明“在我们努力使自己成为人类知识的宝库而奋斗的过程中,我们得到过很多人和很多书的帮助。我们决心尽全力使你们能接受这些伟人的思想。”

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