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首页 湘阴县第一职业中专高二英语阅读科试题.doc

湘阴县第一职业中专高二英语阅读科试题.doc

湘阴县第一职业中专高二英语阅读科试题.doc

上传者: 没有什么东西是永恒de 2018-02-03 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《湘阴县第一职业中专高二英语阅读科试题doc》,可适用于项目管理领域,主题内容包含湘阴县第一职业中专高二英语阅读科试题湘阴县第一职业中专高二英语阅读科试题PassageIntwobrothers,MacandDickMcDonal符等。

湘阴县第一职业中专高二英语阅读科试题湘阴县第一职业中专高二英语阅读科试题PassageIntwobrothers,MacandDickMcDonald,startedadriveinrestaurantinSanBernadino,CaliforniaTheycarefullychoseabusycornerfortheirlocationTheyhadruntheirownbusinessesforyears,firstatheater,thenabarbecue(烤肉)restaurant,andthenanotherdriveinButintheirnewoperation,theyofferedanew,shortenedmenu:Frenchfries,hamburgers,andsodasTothissmallselectiontheyaddedonenewconcept:quickservice,nowaitersorwaitresses,andnotipsTheirhamburgerssoldforfifteencentsCheesewasanotherfourcentsTheirFrenchfriesandhamburgershadaremarkableuniformity,forthebrothershaddevelopedastrictroutineforthepreparationoftheirfood,andtheyinsistedontheircooks'stickingtotheirroutineTheirnewdriveinbecameincrediblypopular,particularlyforlunchPeopledroveupbythehundredsduringthebusynoontimeTheselfservicerestaurantwassopopularthatthebrothershadallowedtencopiesoftheirrestauranttobeopenedTheywerecontentwiththismodestsuccessuntiltheymetRayKrocKrocwasasalesmanwhomettheMcDonaldbrothersin,whenhewassellingmilkshakemixingmachinesHequicklysawtheuniqueappealofthebrothers'fastfoodrestaurantsandboughttherighttofranchise(特许经营)othercopiesoftheirrestaurantsTheagreementstruckincludedtherighttoduplicatethemenuTheequipment,eventheirredandwhitebuildingswiththegoldenarches(拱门)TodayMcDonald'sisreallyahouseholdnameItsnamesforitssandwicheshavecometomeanhamburgerinthedecadessincethedayRayKrocwatchedpeoplerushuptoorderfifteencenthamburgersIn,McDonald'shadover$billionintotalsalesItsfirsttwentytwoyearsisoneofthemostincrediblesuccessstoriesinmodernAmericanbusinesshistoryThispassagemainlytalksaboutA)thedevelopmentoffastfoodservicesB)howMcDonald'sbecameabilliondollarbusinessC)thebusinesscareersofMacandDickMcDonaldD)RayKroc'sbusinesstalentMacandDickmanagedallofthefollowingbusinessesexceptAadriveinBacinemaCatheaterDabarbecuerestaurantWemayinferfromthispassagethatA)MacandDickMcDonaldneverbecamewealthyfortheysoldtheirideatoKrocB)ThelocationtheMcDonaldschosewastheonlysourceofthegreatpopularityoftheirdriveinC)FortyyearsagotherewerenumerousfastfoodrestaurantsD)RayKrocwasagoodbusinessmanThepassagesuggeststhatA)creativityisanimportantelementofbusinesssuccessB)RayKrocwastheclosepartneroftheMcDonaldbrothersMacandDickMcDonaldbecamebrokenaftertheysoldC)theirideastoRayKrocD)CaliforniaisthebestplacetogointobusinessAsusedinthesecondsentenceofthethirdparagraph,theworduniquemeansA)specialB)financialC)attractiveD)peculiarPassageYou'rebusyfillingouttheapplicationformforapositionyoureallyneedlet'sassumeyouonceactuallycompletedacoupleofyearsofcollegeworkoreventhatyoucompletedyourdegreeIsn'tittemptingtoliejustalittle,toclaimontheformthatyourdiplomarepresentsaHarvarddegreeOrthatyoufinishedanextracoupleofyearsbackatStateUniversityMoreandmorepeopleareturningtoutterdeceptionlikethistolandtheirjobortomoveaheadintheircareers,forpersonnelofficers,likemostAmericans,valuedegreesfromfamousschoolsAjobapplicantmayhaveagoodeducationanyway,butheorsheassumesthatchancesofbeinghiredarebetterwithadiplomafromawellknownuniversityRegistrarsatmostwellknowncollegessaytheydealwithdeceitfulclaimsliketheseattherateofaboutoneperweekPersonnelofficersdocheckupondegreeslistedonapplicationforms,thenIfitturnsoutthatanapplicantslying,mostcollegesarereluctanttoaccusetheapplicantdirectlyOneIvyLeagueschoolcallsthemimpostors(骗子)anotherreferstothemasspecialcasesOnewellknownWestCoastschool,inperhapsthemostdelicatephraseofall,saysthattheseclaimsaremadebynosuchpeopleToavoidoutright(彻底的)lies,somejobseekersclaimthattheyattendedorwereassociatedwithacollegeoruniversityAftercarefullychecking,apersonnelofficermaydiscoverthatattendingmeansbeingdismissedafteronesemesterItmaybethatbeingassociatedwithacollegemeansthatthejobseekervisitedhisyoungerbrotherforafootballweekendOneschoolthatkeepsrecordsoffalseclaimssaysthatthepracticedatesbackatleasttotheturnofthecenturythat'swhentheybegankeepingrecords,anyhowIfyoudon'twanttolieorevenstretchthetruth,therearecompaniesthatwillsellyouaphony(假的)diplomaOnecompany,withofficesinNewYorkandontheWestCoast,willputyournameonadiplomafromanynumberofnonexistentcollegesThepricebeginsataroundtwentydollarsforadiplomafromSmootStateUniversityThepricesincreaserapidlyforadegreefromtheUniversityofPurdueAsthereisnoSmootStateandtherealschoolinIndianaproperlycalledPurdueUniversity,thepricesseemratherhighforonesheetofpaperThemainideaofthispassageisthatA)employersarecheckingmorecloselyonapplicantsnowB)lyingaboutcollegedegreeshasbecomeawidespreadproblemC)collegedegreescannowbepurchasedeasilyD)employersarenolongerinterestedincollegedegreesAccordingtothepassage,specialcasesrefertocaseswhereA)studentsattendaschoolonlyparttimeB)studentsneverattendedaschooltheylistedontheirapplicationC)studentspurchasefalsedegreesfromcommercialfilmsD)studentsattendedafamousschoolWecaninferfromthepassagethatA)performanceisabetterjudgeofabilitythatacollegedegreeB)experienceisthebestteacherC)pastworkhistoriesinfluencepersonnelofficersmorethandegreesdoD)adegreefromafamousschoolenablesanapplicanttogainadvantageoverothersinjobpetitionThispassageimpliesthatA)buyingafalsedegreeisnotmoralB)personnelofficersonlyconsiderapplicantsfromfamousschoolsC)mostpeoplelieonapplicationsbecausetheyweredismissedfromschoolD)societyshouldbegreatlyresponsibleforlyingonapplicationsAsusedinthefirstlineofthesecondparagraph,theworduttermeansA)addressB)thoroughC)ultimateD)decisivePassageEveryonehasheardoftheSanAndreasfault(断层),whichconstantlythreatensCaliforniaandtheWestCoastwithearthquakesButhowmanypeopleknowabouttheequallyseriousNewMadridfaultinMissouriBetweenDecemberofandFebruaryof,threemajorearthquakesoccurred,allcenteredaroundthetownofNewMadrid,Missouri,ontheMississippiRiverPropertydamagewassevereBuildingsintheareawerealmostdestroyedWholeforestsfellatonce,andhugecracksopenedintheground,allowingsmellofsulfur(硫磺)tofilterupwardTheMississippiRiveritselfcompletelychangedcharacter,developingsuddenrapidsandwhirlpoolsSeveraltimesitchangeditscourse,andonce,accordingtosomeobservers,itactuallyappearedtorunbackwardsFewpeoplewerekilledintheNewMaridearthquakes,probablysimplybecausefewpeoplelivedintheareainbuttheseverityoftheearthquakesareshownbythefactthattheshockwavesrangbellsinchurchtowersinCharleston,SouthCarolina,onthecoastBuildingsshookinNewYorkCity,andclockswerstoppedinWashington,DCScientistsnowknowthatAmerica'stwomajorfaultsareessentiallydifferentTheSanAndreasisahorizontalboundarybetweentwomajorlandmassesthatareslowlymovinginoppositedirectionsCaliforniaearthquakesresultwhenthemovementofthesetwomassessuddenlylurches(倾斜)forwardTheNewMadridfault,ontheotherhand,isaverticalfaultatsomepoints,possiblyhundredsofmillionsofyearsago,rockwaspusheduptowardthesurface,probablybyvolcanoesunderthesurfaceSuddenly,thevolcanoescooledandtherockcollapsed,leavinghugecracksEvennow,therockcontinuestosettledownwards,andsuddensinkingmotionstrigger(触发)earthquakesintheregionThefaultitself,alargecrackinthislayerofrock,withdozensofothercracksthatsplitofffromit,extendsfromnortheastArkansasthroughMissouriandintosouthernlllinoisScientistswhohavestudiedtheNewMadridfaultsaytherehavebeennumeroussmallerquakesintheareasincethesesmallerquakesindicatethatlargeronesareprobablycoming,butthescientistssayhavenomethodofpredictingwhenalargeearthquakewilloccurThispassageismainlyaboutA)theNewMadridfaultinMissouriB)theSanAndreasandtheNewMadridfaultsC)thecausesoffaultsD)currentscientificknowledgeaboutfaultsTheNewMadridfaultisA)ahorizontalfaultB)averticalfaultC)amoreseriousfaultthantheSanAndreasfaultD)responsibleforformingtheMississippiRiverWemayconcludefromthepassagethatA)itisprobablyasdangeroustoliveinMissouriasinCaliforniatheNewMadridfaultwilleventuallydevelopamountainB)rangeinMissouriC)CaliforniawillbecomeanislandinfutureD)AbigearthquakewilloccurtoCaliforniasoonThispassageimpliesthatA)horizontalfaultsaremoredangerousthanverticalfaultsB)VerticalfaultsaremoredangerousthanhorizontalfaultsC)EarthquakesoccuronlyaroundfaultareasD)CaliforniawillbreakintopiecesbyaneventualearthquakeAsusedinthefirstsentenceofthefourthparagraph,thewordessentiallymeansA)greatlyC)basicallyB)extremelyD)necessarilyPassageThosewhowelcomedtherailwaysawitasmorethanarapidandcomfortablemeansofpassingTheyactuallysawitasafactorinworldpeaceTheydidnotforeseethattherailwaywouldbejustonemoremeansfortherapidmovementofaggressivearmiesNoneofthemforesawthatthemorewearetogetherthemorechancesthereareofwarAnyboyorgirlwhoisoneofalargefamilyknowsthatWheneveranynewinventionisputforward,thoseforitandthoseagainstitcanalwaysfindmedicalmentoapproveorcondemnTheantirailwaygroupproduceddoctorswhosaidthattunnelswouldbemostdangeroustopublichealth:theywouldproducecolds,catarrhs(粘膜炎)andconsumptionsThedeafeningnoiseandtheglareoftheenginefire,wouldhaveabadeffectonthenervesFurther,beingmovedthroughtheairatahighspeedwoulddograveinjurytodelicatelungsInthosewithhighbloodpressure,themovementofthetrainmightproduceapoplexy(中风)Thesuddenplungingofatrainintothedarknessofatunnel,andtheequallysuddenrushintofulldaylight,wouldcausegreatdamagetoeyesightButtheprorailwaygroupwasofcourseabletoproduceequallyfamousmedicalmentosayjusttheoppositeTheysaidthatthespeedandswingofthetrainwouldequalizethecirculation,promotedigestion,tranquilizethenerves,andensuregoodsleepTheactualrollingstockwasanythingbutcomfortableIfitwasatestofendurancetositforfourhoursoutsideacoachinrain,orinsideindirtyair,therailwayofferedlittlemoreinthewayofcomfortCertainlythefirstclasscarriageshadcushionedseatsbutthesecondclasshadonlynarrowbareboards,whilethethirdclasshadnothingatallnoseatsandnorooftheywerejustopentrucksSothatthirdclasspassengersgainednothingfromthefewmodeexceptspeedInthematterofcomfort,indeedtheylosttheydid,onthecoaches,haveaseat,butnowtheyhadtostandalltheway,whichgaveopportunitiestothecomic(滑稽的)pressThiskindofthing:AmanwasseenyesterdaybuyingathirdclassticketforthenewLondonandBirminghamRailwayThestateofhismindisbeingenquiredintoAwriterintheearlydaysofrailwayswrotefeelinglyofbothsecondandthirdclasscarriagesHemadethesuggestionthatthedirectorsoftherailwaysmusthavesentallovertheworldtofindthehardestpossiblewoodOftheopenthirdclasstruckshesaidthattheyhadthepeculiarpropertyofmeetingtherainfromwhateverquarteritcameHedescribedthemashorizontalshowerbaths,fromwhosesearchingpowertherewasnoescapeAllboysandgirlsinlargefamiliesknowthatA)aboyandagirlusuallyfightwhentheyaretogetherB)peopletendtobetogethermorethantheyusedtobeC)alotofpeoplebeingtogethermakesfightslikelyD)RailwayleadstheworldtopeaceAccordingtothosewhowelcomedtherailway,therailwayitselfshouldincludeallthefollowingexceptA)therailwayenablespeopletravelfastB)therailwaybringscomforttopeopleC)therailwaymakestheworldpeacefulD)therailwayleadstheworldtowaraswellAccordingtotheantirailwaygroup,allthefollowingsaretruebutA)tunnelsaredangeroustopublichealthB)thenoiseandtheglareoftheenginefiremayaffectpeople'snervesC)therapidspeedthroughtheairdoesdamagetopeople'slungsD)tothosewithhighbloodpressure,therapidspeedofthetraincausesthemtodieWemaysafelyconcludethatA)theauthorbelongstotheantirailwaygroupB)theauthorbelongstotheforrailwaygroupC)theauthorspeakshighlyoftherailwayD)theauthormaynevertaketrainbecauseofitspotentialdangersWhatisthetoneofthispassageA)PracticalB)SatiricalC)HumorousD)ExaggeratedPassageIn,Chad(乍得)harvestedtonsofcottonseedforthefirsttimeinitshistory,andputouttheflagalittletoosoonTheeffortsoftheauthoritiestogetthepeasantsbacktowork,astheyhadslackedoff(松懈)agreatdealthepreviousyearduringindependencecelebrations,largelycontributedtoitAlso,rainswerewellspaced,andcontinuedthroughthewholemonthofOctoberIfthetotalisbacktotheregionoftons,itismostlybecauseeffortsslackenedagainandsowingwasstartedtoolateTheaveragedateofsowingisaboutJulystIfthisdateissimplymovedupfifteenortwentydays,totonsofcottonaregained,dependingontheyearThepeasantinChadsowshismillet(小米)first,anditishardtocriticizethisinstinctiveprioritygiventohisdailybreadAnessentialreasonforhislatenesswithsowingcottonisthatatthetimewhenheshouldleavetopreparethefieldshehasjustbarelysoldthecottonofthepreviousseasonTheworkrequiredtosow,ingreatheat,ispsychologicallyfarmoredifficultifone'spocketsarefullofmoneyThedateofcottonsalesshouldthereforebemovedforwardasmuchaspossible,andpurchasesofequipmentanddraughtanimalsencouragedPeasantsshouldalsobeencouragedtosavemoney,tohelpthemthroughthedifficultperiodbetweenharvestsIfnecessarytheyshouldbeforcedtodoso,byhavingthepaymentsforcottongiventothemininstallments(分期付款)Thelastpaymentwouldbemadeafterproofthatthepeasanthasplantedbeforethedeadline,thedatebeingadvancedtotheendofJuneThosewhohavedonesowouldreceiveextramoneywhereasthelastplanterswouldnotreceivetheirlastpaymentuntillaterOnlythefirststepsarehard,becauseonceworkhasstartedthepeasantscontinuewillinglyontheirwayEducationalcampaignsamongthepeasantswillplayanessentialroleinthisbasicadvance,earlysowing,onwhichalltheothersdependItisnotamatterofcontrollingthepeasantsEachpeasantwillremainmasterofhisfieldsOnecould,however,suggesttheneedforthetimebeingofkindbutfirmrule,which,aslongasitcannotberealizedbythepeople,shouldatleastbeforthepeopleIn,ChadhadagoodharvestofcottonbecauseA)thegovernmentgreatlyencouragedpeasantsB)rainsfavoredthegrowthofcottonC)ChadgainedindependenceinthepreviousyearD)BothA)andB)WelearnfromthepassagethatthedateofsowingcottonisusuallyA)onJunethB)onJulythC)onJulystD)onJulythAsusedinthethirdsentenceofthesecondparagraph,dailybreadreferstoA)breakfastB)breadandbutterC)riceD)milletInordertohelpthemthroughthedifficulttimebetweenharveststhepeasantshavetoA)sellcottoninadvanceB)beencouragedtosavemoneyC)sowcottonintimeD)plantmilletfirstWhichofthefollowingisNOTtrueA)EducationalcampaignsareveryimportanttoearlysowingB)Ofalltheadvancesthatthewriterhopesfor,earlysowingisthemostimportantC)PeasantsshouldremainthemastersoftheirfieldsD)Governmentmightaswellmakegoodandfirmruleforpeasants答题卡姓名PassagePassagePassageassagePassage答案PassageCBDADPassageBCDDCPassageBBACCPassageCDDACPassageDCDBB

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