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首页 吸烟有害健康的调查报告

吸烟有害健康的调查报告.doc

吸烟有害健康的调查报告

yang美平
2018-11-09 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《吸烟有害健康的调查报告doc》,可适用于领域

吸烟有害健康的调查报告青少年吸烟问题的调查研究金华第十六中学七班吴敏为了解目前青少年的吸烟现状~更为了青少年的身心健康~也为了给青少年、家长、老师、学校、社会一个警示~我于年月日月日间通过报纸、网络、杂志以及自己在学校和社会里的所见所闻~通过对金华中学生的问卷调查~以及与吸烟青少年的交流进行该项研究。中国疾病预防控制中心月日发布的《年中国控制吸烟报告》显示~我国青少年尝试吸烟率为,~吸烟率为(,。而且报告中还指出~目前~我国青少年开始吸烟呈现低龄化趋势。根据以上情况分析~我建议:青少年、家长、老师、各级学校、社会相关机构、国家的立法部门应该共同努力推动青少年健康成长和全面发展。一、青少年吸烟的具体现状中国青少年吸烟状况令人担忧。据《年中国控制吸烟报告》指出~我国约有万名青少年烟民~尝试吸烟的青少年不少于万。中国青少年现在吸烟率和尝试吸烟率逐年上升~我国现有亿岁至岁青少年~其中~青少年现在吸烟率为,,(,,~男生和女生分别为,,(,,和?(,,。男生现在吸烟率随着年龄增长而迅速升高。同时~青少年尝试吸烟率为?,(,,~尝试吸烟者不少于,,,,万人。其中~男生和女生分别为,,(,,和,,(,,。男生和女生尝试吸烟率均呈随着年龄的增长而升高的现象。在吸烟率pipeandthemetalstructureinstallationpartmainincludingYunnanprovincetengchongCountyyongxingRiverprimaryandsecondaryhydropowerstationintheofpressurepipeandthepowerstationmetalstructure,whichlevelpowerstationpressurepipetotalaboutt(containingannex)IIlevelpowerstationpressurepipeaboutt(containingannex)levelpowerstationmetalstructureaboutt,containingdischargeGatehole,rushedsandGatehole,watermouthworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatethehole,QianpoolworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgastoppeddirtgatetheholeSecondarypowerstationmetaljunctionataboutt,containingsandGatehole,waterinletwatergateandtrashtheholetheirauxiliaryhoistequipmentandelectricalequipmentConcretepressurepipe,gate,trashandhoistingdeviceprojectpropertylist~Tablethemaincharacteristicsofthepenstocknumberitemparametertypecontrollersizeheadalongpipediameterpipelengthhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplyMmM*mhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplymmM*mtablehydropowerstationMaincharacteristicsofhydraulicmetalstructurenumberprojectnamegate,trashrack,door(gatePressurepipeandthemetalstructureinstallationmainengineeringprofileyongxingriverlevelhydropowerstationpressurepipepipelineplaneShangalongRidgeislinelayout,andslopesurfacecontourclosevertical,GuanPowithoriginalgroundlinechanges,usedopentypeMingtube,singletubejointwaterway,competentdiameterM,longm,tworootnonsymmetric"Bu"typesupporttube,diameterM,singlerootlongMCompetenttoestablishtownPier,buttress,telescopicsectionSupportPierspacingM,sideslidingbearingTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,basesurfaceintobedrock,pipeexcavationslope:withMgroutedrubbleslopeprotection,M,bottomsidesewer,mwide,deepm,Mgroutedrubblemasonry,setmaintenancestepladderontheleftside,MwideYongxinghehydropowerstationpenstockpipesarrangedalongtheridgelineontheplane,andnearlyverticalslopecontourlines,GuanPochangeswiththeoriginalgroundline,withshallowbackfillpipe,singlepipewatersupply,thecompetentm,longm,twoasymmetric"y"pipe,diameterM,singlemCompetenttoestablishtownPier,expansionjointTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,placedonsoftrockbasesurface,pipeconcreteConapedestalPipetrenchexcavationslope:,aftertheinstallationofsteeltube,compactedgravelbackfillmaterialtothesurface,and:slopedrainagetoguttersGutterwidthMdepthm,Mgroutedrubblemasonrymainengineeringcontentthisstandardpressurepipeandthemetalstructure种非常重要的社会功能:有助于建立社会关系。当人们彼此相遇时~相互敬烟已成了一种社会习俗~用敬烟来表示相互尊重与热情。在熟人和朋友当中~敬烟不但流行而且非常重要~能起到加强友谊的作用。对于那些不吸烟的人来说~他们经常遭受拒绝别人敬烟后所带来的苦恼~甚至觉得很丢脸~这是因为中国的文化把接受对方的敬烟看作是一种好客和热情的表现。卫生部发布的《年中国控制吸烟报告》指出~调查显示~我国青少年吸的第一支烟有,是同伴提供的~男教师的吸烟率高达,~他们的吸烟行为对学生具有示范作用。调查统计表明~如果父母都吸烟~子女成为烟民的比例比父母都不吸烟的高一倍。由于青少年长期在这种社会环境的影响下~就不好意思拒绝朋友第一次递过来的第一支烟~他们认为如果拒绝的话~就是不够哥们~就不是兄弟的表现。正是在这种思想的潜移默化下~这些青年们就开始了他们人生的第一支烟~我问了几位吸烟的青年~得到的结果很多是这种情况。,二,烟草广告、促销和赞助、各种影视对青少年的误导烟草广告、促销和赞助~将烟草和运动、成功、独立、性感等相联系~美化了烟草形象~对青少年吸烟有极强的诱导作用。个国家烟草广告和烟草消费趋势之间的关系研究表明~在那些全面禁止烟草广告的国家~烟草消费呈现急剧下降的趋势。调查还显示~以烟草企业或企业集团冠名的间接烟草广告宣传效果非常明显~对青少年pipeandthemetalstructureinstallationpartmainincludingYunnanprovincetengchongCountyyongxingRiverprimaryandsecondaryhydropowerstationintheofpressurepipeandthepowerstationmetalstructure,whichlevelpowerstationpressurepipetotalaboutt(containingannex)IIlevelpowerstationpressurepipeaboutt(containingannex)levelpowerstationmetalstructureaboutt,containingdischargeGatehole,rushedsandGatehole,watermouthworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatethehole,QianpoolworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatetheholeSecondarypowerstationmetaljunctionataboutt,containingsandGatehole,waterinletwatergateandtrashtheholetheirauxiliaryhoistequipmentandelectricalequipmentConcretepressurepipe,gate,trashandhoistingdeviceprojectpropertylist~Tablethemaincharacteristicsofthepenstocknumberitemparametertypecontrollersizeheadalongpipediameterpipelengthhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplyMmM*mhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplymmM*mtablehydropowerstationMaincharacteristicsofhydraulicmetalstructurenumberprojectnamegate,trashrack,door(gatePressurepipeandthemetalstructureinstallationmainengineeringprofileyongxingriverlevelhydropowerstationpressurepipepipelineplaneShangalongRidgeislinelayout,andslopesurfacecontourclosevertical,GuanPowithoriginalgroundlinechanges,usedopentypeMingtube,singletubejointwaterway,competentdiameterM,longm,tworootnonsymmetric"Bu"typesupporttube,diameterM,singlerootlongMCompetenttoestablishtownPier,buttress,telescopicsectionSupportPierspacingM,sideslidingbearingTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,basesurfaceintobedrock,pipeexcavationslope:withMgroutedrubbleslopeprotection,M,bottomsidesewer,mwide,deepm,Mgroutedrubblemasonry,setmaintenancestepladderontheleftside,MwideYongxinghehydropowerstationpenstockpipesarrangedalongtheridgelineontheplane,andnearlyverticalslopecontourlines,GuanPochangeswiththeoriginalgroundline,withshallowbackfillpipe,singlepipewatersupply,thecompetentm,longm,twoasymmetric"y"pipe,diameterM,singlemCompetenttoestablishtownPier,expansionjointTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,placedonsoftrockbasesurface,pipeconcreteConapedestalPipetrenchexcavationslope:,aftertheinstallationofsteeltube,compactedgravelbackfillmaterialtothesurface,and:slopedrainagetoguttersGutterwidthMdepthm,Mgroutedrubblemasonrymainengineeringcontentthisstandardpressurepipeandthemetalstructure的影响是对成年人影响的三倍。在花样翻新的烟草广告前~青少年往往高估同伴和成人的吸烟率。那些打着预防青少年吸烟旗号诱导青少年吸烟的行为尤其恶劣。比如宣传“吸烟是成年人的选择”~暗示吸烟是成熟的标志。影视作品中的吸烟镜头~特别是青少年偶像型人物的吸烟形象~对人群尤其是青少年群体的行为产生了不可忽视的影响。中国疾病控制中心年调查了部热播的电视剧和部电影~平均每部电视剧中烟草镜头数为个~烟草镜头的总时间为分钟,部热电影中也具有烟草镜头~平均每部电影中有个烟草镜头~持续时间约为分钟。大量的烟草镜头大大提高了青少年尝试吸烟的可能性~即便非吸烟的青少年~如果其崇拜的偶像吸烟~则他们对吸烟行为认同的可能性提高倍之多。广告、电视、电影在当今社会是交流文化~传播信息的~二而现今的他们中的一些却出现了上面提到的情况~青少年由于思想上的不成熟~社会宣传的负面影响、偶像们的错误引导~导致了越来越多的青少年深陷入香烟这个泥潭而不可自拔。,三,零花钱增多~香烟可轻易获得零花钱的增多也成了一个关键的问题。随着社会的发展~人民生活水平的提高~家长给孩子的零花钱也变得越来越多了~这无形中也给了青少年接触香烟的机会。根据对辽化各中学中学生的调查~发现在校的中学生中有的学生有“小金库”~人均有现金高达几百元~有的手头能支配的零用钱更是上千元。有了这些足够挥霍的零花钱~pipeandthemetalstructureinstallationpartmainincludingYunnanprovincetengchongCountyyongxingRiverprimaryandsecondaryhydropowerstationintheofpressurepipeandthepowerstationmetalstructure,whichlevelpowerstationpressurepipetotalaboutt(containingannex)IIlevelpowerstationpressurepipeaboutt(containingannex)levelpowerstationmetalstructureaboutt,containingdischargeGatehole,rushedsandGatehole,watermouthworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatethehole,QianpoolworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatetheholeSecondarypowerstationmetaljunctionataboutt,containingsandGatehole,waterinletwatergateandtrashtheholetheirauxiliaryhoistequipmentandelectricalequipmentConcretepressurepipe,gate,trashandhoistingdeviceprojectpropertylist~Tablethemaincharacteristicsofthepenstocknumberitemparametertypecontrollersizeheadalongpipediameterpipelengthhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplyMmM*mhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplymmM*mtablehydropowerstationMaincharacteristicsofhydraulicmetalstructurenumberprojectnamegate,trashrack,door(gatePressurepipeandthemetalstructureinstallationmainengineeringprofileyongxingriverlevelhydropowerstationpressurepipepipelineplaneShangalongRidgeislinelayout,andslopesurfacecontourclosevertical,GuanPowithoriginalgroundlinechanges,usedopentypeMingtube,singletubejointwaterway,competentdiameterM,longm,tworootnonsymmetric"Bu"typesupporttube,diameterM,singlerootlongMCompetenttoestablishtownPier,buttress,telescopicsectionSupportPierspacingM,sideslidingbearingTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,basesurfaceintobedrock,pipeexcavationslope:withMgroutedrubbleslopeprotection,M,bottomsidesewer,mwide,deepm,Mgroutedrubblemasonry,setmaintenancestepladderontheleftside,MwideYongxinghehydropowerstationpenstockpipesarrangedalongtheridgelineontheplane,andnearlyverticalslopecontourlines,GuanPochangeswiththeoriginalgroundline,withshallowbackfillpipe,singlepipewatersupply,thecompetentm,longm,twoasymmetric"y"pipe,diameterM,singlemCompetenttoestablishtownPier,expansionjointTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,placedonsoftrockbasesurface,pipeconcreteConapedestalPipetrenchexcavationslope:,aftertheinstallationofsteeltube,compactedgravelbackfillmaterialtothesurface,and:slopedrainagetoguttersGutterwidthMdepthm,Mgroutedrubblemasonrymainengineeringcontentthisstandardpressurepipeandthemetalstructure青少年购买卷烟就有了固定的金钱来源~为长期的获得卷烟提供了可能~染上烟瘾也就成了必然的结果。还有就是获得渠道的多样~吸烟学生获得香烟的途径主要包括自己购买、向别人要以及从比自己年龄大的人手中得到。尽管中国的预防未成年人犯罪法禁止任何经营场所向未成年人出售烟酒~但的吸烟学生说~没有遇到因年龄太小而买不到烟的情况。这种情况的出现还是有关部门执法力度的不够造成的。四、全社会齐心协力为青少年们创造出一个无烟环境~使他们健康快乐的成长和发展。,一,鼓励和提倡同伴间劝说戒烟、对吸烟行为进行互相监督~家长加以引导。正对同龄人相互递烟的情况~我认为首先~家长在教育孩子时要让孩子知道吸烟的危害~让孩子学会如何善意地拒绝朋友递过来的香烟~并要试着劝戒朋友也不要再去吸烟~这样既不会让孩子没有面子~同样也不会破坏他们之间的友谊~也是孩子远离香烟带来的伤害。,二,规范舆论宣传和广告审批~减少影视作品中的吸烟镜头青少年正处于健康成长飞速发展期~对新鲜事物的接收能力很强~这时正确的社会导向尤为重要。建议相关部门在对广告、促销。赞助等活动的审批时能够更加谨慎和认真~不要让那些不好的东西对我们祖国的未来造成伤害~也同样希望各个文化部门在对影视作品审pipeandthemetalstructureinstallationpartmainincludingYunnanprovincetengchongCountyyongxingRiverprimaryandsecondaryhydropowerstationintheofpressurepipeandthepowerstationmetalstructure,whichlevelpowerstationpressurepipetotalaboutt(containingannex)IIlevelpowerstationpressurepipeaboutt(containingannex)levelpowerstationmetalstructureaboutt,containingdischargeGatehole,rushedsandGatehole,watermouthworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatethehole,QianpoolworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatetheholeSecondarypowerstationmetaljunctionataboutt,containingsandGatehole,waterinletwatergateandtrashtheholetheirauxiliaryhoistequipmentandelectricalequipmentConcretepressurepipe,gate,trashandhoistingdeviceprojectpropertylist~Tablethemaincharacteristicsofthepenstocknumberitemparametertypecontrollersizeheadalongpipediameterpipelengthhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplyMmM*mhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplymmM*mtablehydropowerstationMaincharacteristicsofhydraulicmetalstructurenumberprojectnamegate,trashrack,door(gatePressurepipeandthemetalstructureinstallationmainengineeringprofileyongxingriverlevelhydropowerstationpressurepipepipelineplaneShangalongRidgeislinelayout,andslopesurfacecontourclosevertical,GuanPowithoriginalgroundlinechanges,usedopentypeMingtube,singletubejointwaterway,competentdiameterM,longm,tworootnonsymmetric"Bu"typesupporttube,diameterM,singlerootlongMCompetenttoestablishtownPier,buttress,telescopicsectionSupportPierspacingM,sideslidingbearingTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,basesurfaceintobedrock,pipeexcavationslope:withMgroutedrubbleslopeprotection,M,bottomsidesewer,mwide,deepm,Mgroutedrubblemasonry,setmaintenancestepladderontheleftside,MwideYongxinghehydropowerstationpenstockpipesarrangedalongtheridgelineontheplane,andnearlyverticalslopecontourlines,GuanPochangeswiththeoriginalgroundline,withshallowbackfillpipe,singlepipewatersupply,thecompetentm,longm,twoasymmetric"y"pipe,diameterM,singlemCompetenttoestablishtownPier,expansionjointTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,placedonsoftrockbasesurface,pipeconcreteConapedestalPipetrenchexcavationslope:,aftertheinstallationofsteeltube,compactedgravelbackfillmaterialtothesurface,and:slopedrainagetoguttersGutterwidthMdepthm,Mgroutedrubblemasonrymainengineeringcontentthisstandardpressurepipeandthemetalstructure核时~多多考虑观看者的感受~尤其是对青少年的影响~不要只照顾眼前的利益。当孩子在看电视时~出现类似的镜头时~家长也要在一旁加以引导。,三,家长应该注意孩子零花钱的去向~执法部门应该加大处罚力度。家长给孩子零花钱原本是出于爱孩子~但也应该知道孩子把这些钱用到了哪里~这样做也是为了孩子更好的成长。我国法律中明文规定:不准向未成年人出售香烟。但是某些小商小贩为了自己的利益~只要有人来买~他们才不管你是成年人还是未成年人呢~所以~在这种情况下~执法部门的责任就更重了~对这种情况应该加大罚款的力度~对那些屡教不改的建议可以吊销营业执照。,四,青少年五大方法,,提高认识:充分认识吸烟的危害~下定决心~持之以恒就一定能把烟戒掉。千万别存侥幸心理~不要只看到那些吸烟暂时没有发病的人~而要看到无数因吸烟导致癌症、冠心病、慢性气管炎等被夺去生命者的教训。,,自我控制逐步戒烟法:如一次戒烟确有些困难~就有意识地逐步减少吸烟量~循序渐进~直至完成戒烟。,,知识行为法:利用电影、电视、图片、实物、宣传材料等~给吸烟者形成与吸烟相对抗的意念而厌恶或害怕吸烟。如利用电影录pipeandthemetalstructureinstallationpartmainincludingYunnanprovincetengchongCountyyongxingRiverprimaryandsecondaryhydropowerstationintheofpressurepipeandthepowerstationmetalstructure,whichlevelpowerstationpressurepipetotalaboutt(containingannex)IIlevelpowerstationpressurepipeaboutt(containingannex)levelpowerstationmetalstructureaboutt,containingdischargeGatehole,rushedsandGatehole,watermouthworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatethehole,QianpoolworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatetheholeSecondarypowerstationmetaljunctionataboutt,containingsandGatehole,waterinletwatergateandtrashtheholetheirauxiliaryhoistequipmentandelectricalequipmentConcretepressurepipe,gate,trashandhoistingdeviceprojectpropertylist~Tablethemaincharacteristicsofthepenstocknumberitemparametertypecontrollersizeheadalongpipediameterpipelengthhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplyMmM*mhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplymmM*mtablehydropowerstationMaincharacteristicsofhydraulicmetalstructurenumberprojectnamegate,trashrack,door(gatePressurepipeandthemetalstructureinstallationmainengineeringprofileyongxingriverlevelhydropowerstationpressurepipepipelineplaneShangalongRidgeislinelayout,andslopesurfacecontourclosevertical,GuanPowithoriginalgroundlinechanges,usedopentypeMingtube,singletubejointwaterway,competentdiameterM,longm,tworootnonsymmetric"Bu"typesupporttube,diameterM,singlerootlongMCompetenttoestablishtownPier,buttress,telescopicsectionSupportPierspacingM,sideslidingbearingTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,basesurfaceintobedrock,pipeexcavationslope:withMgroutedrubbleslopeprotection,M,bottomsidesewer,mwide,deepm,Mgroutedrubblemasonry,setmaintenancestepladderontheleftside,MwideYongxinghehydropowerstationpenstockpipesarrangedalongtheridgelineontheplane,andnearlyverticalslopecontourlines,GuanPochangeswiththeoriginalgroundline,withshallowbackfillpipe,singlepipewatersupply,thecompetentm,longm,twoasymmetric"y"pipe,diameterM,singlemCompetenttoestablishtownPier,expansionjointTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,placedonsoftrockbasesurface,pipeconcreteConapedestalPipetrenchexcavationslope:,aftertheinstallationofsteeltube,compactedgravelbackfillmaterialtothesurface,and:slopedrainagetoguttersGutterwidthMdepthm,Mgroutedrubblemasonrymainengineeringcontentthisstandardpressurepipeandthemetalstructure像将吸烟引起肺癌者的消瘦面容~肺部癌瘤病灶~患者呼吸困难~咳嗽难以忍受的痛苦表情等~使吸烟者产生吸烟危害自己健康的畏惧联想~从而产生形成戒烟意念和戒烟决心。,,戒烟糖、戒烟茶等辅助戒烟:戒烟糖是采用薄荷~藿香~甘草和茶胶等中药配以砂糖~葡萄糖制成的~食用时清香可口~能帮助戒烟~还有清热解毒~消除疲劳和提神醒脑功能。五、关于中学生吸烟现象的调查问卷我对辽化第二高中共发调查问卷份~最后回收份~有效回收率为。调查的名中学生中有名学生吸烟~占被查人数的。为了让同学们能清醒的认识到吸烟的危害~给学校给家庭带来的种种担忧~同时也为了自己的未来着想~请同学们认真填写下列的问题~谢谢合作::你吸烟过吗,A:经常B:偶尔C:从不:你为什么会吸烟,A:从众B:耍酷C:好奇:你一般在什么时候吸烟,A:随时B:和朋友在一起时C:心情不好时:你了解吸烟的危害吗,A:了解B:稍微了解C:不了解:你觉得吸烟会带了什么,pipeandthemetalstructureinstallationpartmainincludingYunnanprovincetengchongCountyyongxingRiverprimaryandsecondaryhydropowerstationintheofpressurepipeandthepowerstationmetalstructure,whichlevelpowerstationpressurepipetotalaboutt(containingannex)IIlevelpowerstationpressurepipeaboutt(containingannex)levelpowerstationmetalstructureaboutt,containingdischargeGatehole,rushedsandGatehole,watermouthworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatethehole,QianpoolworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatetheholeSecondarypowerstationmetaljunctionataboutt,containingsandGatehole,waterinletwatergateandtrashtheholetheirauxiliaryhoistequipmentandelectricalequipmentConcretepressurepipe,gate,trashandhoistingdeviceprojectpropertylist~Tablethemaincharacteristicsofthepenstocknumberitemparametertypecontrollersizeheadalongpipediameterpipelengthhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplyMmM*mhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplymmM*mtablehydropowerstationMaincharacteristicsofhydraulicmetalstructurenumberprojectnamegate,trashrack,door(gatePressurepipeandthemetalstructureinstallationmainengineeringprofileyongxingriverlevelhydropowerstationpressurepipepipelineplaneShangalongRidgeislinelayout,andslopesurfacecontourclosevertical,GuanPowithoriginalgroundlinechanges,usedopentypeMingtube,singletubejointwaterway,competentdiameterM,longm,tworootnonsymmetric"Bu"typesupporttube,diameterM,singlerootlongMCompetenttoestablishtownPier,buttress,telescopicsectionSupportPierspacingM,sideslidingbearingTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,basesurfaceintobedrock,pipeexcavationslope:withMgroutedrubbleslopeprotection,M,bottomsidesewer,mwide,deepm,Mgroutedrubblemasonry,setmaintenancestepladderontheleftside,MwideYongxinghehydropowerstationpenstockpipesarrangedalongtheridgelineontheplane,andnearlyverticalslopecontourlines,GuanPochangeswiththeoriginalgroundline,withshallowbackfillpipe,singlepipewatersupply,thecompetentm,longm,twoasymmetric"y"pipe,diameterM,singlemCompetenttoestablishtownPier,expansionjointTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,placedonsoftrockbasesurface,pipeconcreteConapedestalPipetrenchexcavationslope:,aftertheinstallationofsteeltube,compactedgravelbackfillmaterialtothesurface,and:slopedrainagetoguttersGutterwidthMdepthm,MgroutedrubblemasonrymainengineeringcontentthisstandardpressurepipeandthemetalstructureA:对肺不好B:对身体有利C:不知道:你父母或老师有吸烟吗,A:有B:没有C:不知道:你介意父母看到你吸烟吗,A:介意B:随便C:不介意:你吸烟的钱从哪里来,A:零花钱B:偷父母的钱C:借朋友的钱:你后悔过吸烟吗,为什么,六、结束语作为《烟草控制框架公约》缔约方~我国承诺于今年月日~在室内公共场所和室内工作场所实现全面禁烟。我们不仅要呼吁社会~也要知道控烟人人有责~希望全社会共同努力在中国创建一个无烟环境~保护好青少年~保护好我们祖国的未来。同时希望我们越来越多的青少年朋友也能自觉的参与到无烟的行列中~为无烟的环境努力~为青春负责:为了制止烟草毒害青少年~社会各界应当行动起来~广泛禁止各种形式的烟草广告、促销和赞助~采取一切有效措施为青少年营造无烟环境。为了制止烟草毒害青少年~社会各界应当行动起来~广泛禁止各种形式的烟草广告、促销和赞助~采取一切有效措施为青少年营造无烟环境。我们还要加大对青少年早期的思想教育~加大医学戒烟方法的宣传力度。这是全社会的责任。因为青少年的未来~就是国家和民族的未来~也是我们大家共同的未来:pipeandthemetalstructureinstallationpartmainincludingYunnanprovincetengchongCountyyongxingRiverprimaryandsecondaryhydropowerstationintheofpressurepipeandthepowerstationmetalstructure,whichlevelpowerstationpressurepipetotalaboutt(containingannex)IIlevelpowerstationpressurepipeaboutt(containingannex)levelpowerstationmetalstructureaboutt,containingdischargeGatehole,rushedsandGatehole,watermouthworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatethehole,QianpoolworkdoorandthestoppeddirtgatetheholeSecondarypowerstationmetaljunctionataboutt,containingsandGatehole,waterinletwatergateandtrashtheholetheirauxiliaryhoistequipmentandelectricalequipmentConcretepressurepipe,gate,trashandhoistingdeviceprojectpropertylist~Tablethemaincharacteristicsofthepenstocknumberitemparametertypecontrollersizeheadalongpipediameterpipelengthhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplyMmM*mhydropowerstationpenstockopenairexposedpipe,singlepipejointwatersupplymmM*mtablehydropowerstationMaincharacteristicsofhydraulicmetalstructurenumberprojectnamegate,trashrack,door(gatePressurepipeandthemetalstructureinstallationmainengineeringprofileyongxingriverlevelhydropowerstationpressurepipepipelineplaneShangalongRidgeislinelayout,andslopesurfacecontourclosevertical,GuanPowithoriginalgroundlinechanges,usedopentypeMingtube,singletubejointwaterway,competentdiameterM,longm,tworootnonsymmetric"Bu"typesupporttube,diameterM,singlerootlongMCompetenttoestablishtownPier,buttress,telescopicsectionSupportPierspacingM,sideslidingbearingTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,basesurfaceintobedrock,pipeexcavationslope:withMgroutedrubbleslopeprotection,M,bottomsidesewer,mwide,deepm,Mgroutedrubblemasonry,setmaintenancestepladderontheleftside,MwideYongxinghehydropowerstationpenstockpipesarrangedalongtheridgelineontheplane,andnearlyverticalslopecontourlines,GuanPochangeswiththeoriginalgroundline,withshallowbackfillpipe,singlepipewatersupply,thecompetentm,longm,twoasymmetric"y"pipe,diameterM,singlemCompetenttoestablishtownPier,expansionjointTownpierfortheclosedendstructureofgravity,placedonsoftrockbasesurface,pipeconcreteConapedestalPipetrenchexcavationslope:,aftertheinstallationofsteeltube,compactedgravelbackfillmaterialtothesurface,and:slopedrainagetoguttersGutterwidthMdepthm,Mgroutedrubblemasonrymainengineeringcontentthisstandardpressurepipeandthemetalstructur
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