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首页 2011研究生考试英语(一)

2011研究生考试英语(一).doc

2011研究生考试英语(一)

傅清虹
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《2011研究生考试英语(一)doc》,可适用于综合领域

SectionIUseofEnglishDirections:ReadthefollowingtextChoosethebestword(s)foreachnumberedblankandmarkA,B,CorDonANSWERSHEET(points)AncientGreekphilosopherAristotleviewedlaughteras“abodilyexerciseprecioustohealth”Butsomeclaimstothecontrary,laughingprobablyhaslittleinfluenceonphysicalfilnessLaughterdoesshorttermchangesinthefunctionoftheheartanditsbloodvessels,heartrateandoxygenconsumptionButbecausehardlaughterisdifficultto,agoodlaughisunlikelytohavebenefitstheway,say,walkingorjoggingdoes,insteadofstrainingmusclestobuildthem,asexercisedoes,laughterapparentlyaccomplishesthe,studiesdatingbacktothe’sindicatethatlaughtermuscles,SuchbodilyreactionmightconceivablyhelptheeffectsofpsychologicalstressAnyway,theactoflaughingprobablydoesproduceothertypesoffeedback,thatimproveanindividual’semotionalstateoneclassicaltheoryofemotion,ourfeelingsarepartiallyrootedphysicalreactionsItwasarguedattheendofthethcenturythathumansdonotcrytheyaresadbuttheybecomesadwhentetearsbegintoflowAlthoughsadnessalsotears,evidencesuggeststhatemotionscanflowmuscularresponsesInanexperimentpublishedin,socialpsychologistFritz.AamongBexceptCdespiteDlike.AreflectBdemandCindicateDproduce.AstabilizingBboostingCimpairingDdetermining.AtransmitBsustainCevaluateDobserve.AmeasurableBmanageableCaffordableDrenewable.AInturnBInfactCInadditionDInbrief.AoppositeBimpossibleCaverageDexpected.AhardensBweakensCtightensDrelaxes.AaggravateBgenerateCmoderateDenhance.AphysicalBmentalCsubconsciousDinternal.AExceptforBAccordingtoCDuetoDAsfor.AwithBonCinDat.AunlessBuntilCifDbecause.AexhaustsBfollowsCprecedesDsuppresses.AintoBfromCtowardsDbeyond.AfetchBbiteCpickDhold.AdisappointedBexcitedCjoyfulDindifferent.AadaptedBcateredCturnedDreacted.AsuggestingBrequiringCmentioningDsupposing.AEventuallyBConsequentlyCSimilarlyDConverselySectionIIReadingComprehensionPartADirections:ReadthefollowingfourtextsAnswerthequestionsbeloweachtextbychoosingA,B,CorDMarkyouranswersonANSWERSHEET(points)TextThedecisionoftheNewYorkPhilharmonictohireAlanGilbertasitsnextmusicdirectorhasbeenthetalkoftheclassicalmusicworldeversincethesuddenannouncementofhisappointmentinForthemostpart,theresponsehasbeenfavorable,tosaytheleast“Hooray!Atlast!”wroteAnthonyTommasini,asobersidedclassicalmusiccriticOneofthereasonswhytheappointmentcameassuchasurprise,however,isthatGilbertiscomparativelylittleknownEvenTommasini,whohadadvocatedGilbert’sappointmentintheTimes,callshim“anunpretentiousmusicianwithnoairoftheformidableconductorabouthim”AsadescriptionofthenextmusicdirectorofanorchestrathathashithertobeenledbymusicianslikeGustavMahlerandPierreBoulez,thatseemslikelytohavestruckatleastsomeTimesreadersasfaintpraiseFormypart,IhavenoideawhetherGilbertisagreatconductororevenagoodoneTobesure,heperformsanimpressivevarietyofinterestingcompositions,butitisnotnecessaryformetovisitAveryFisherHall,oranywhereelse,tohearinterestingorchestralmusicAllIhavetodoistogotomyCDshelf,orbootupmycomputeranddownloadstillmorerecordedmusicfromiTunesDevotedconcertgoerswhoreplythatrecordingsarenosubstituteforliveperformancearemissingthepointForthetime,attention,andmoneyoftheartlovingpublic,classicalinstrumentalistsmustcompetenotonlywithoperahouses,dancetroupes,theatercompanies,andmuseums,butalsowiththerecordedperformancesofthegreatclassicalmusiciansofthethcenturyThererecordingsarecheap,availableeverywhere,andveryoftenmuchhigherinartisticqualitythantoday’sliveperformancesmoreover,theycanbe“consumed”atatimeandplaceofthelistener’schoosingThewidespreadavailabilityofsuchrecordingshasthusbroughtaboutacrisisintheinstitutionofthetraditionalclassicalconcert

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2011研究生考试英语(一)

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