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首页 基于语料库的make的用法分析

基于语料库的make的用法分析.doc

基于语料库的make的用法分析

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2019-04-21 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《基于语料库的make的用法分析doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

TermpaperForCorpusLinguisticsandEFLTeachingAcorpusbasedstudyofMEANIntroductionThisessayreportsacorpusinvestigationofmakeThedataoftheinvestigationweretakenfromaChinesetextbookcorpora(RJTB)AntConcwwasusedtoprocessthecorpusdataMorespecifically,itwasusedtogenerateconcordancelinesandidentifycollocatesofmakeTheClusterfunctionwasalsousedtothemosttypicalcollocationofmakeFindingsGrammarpatterns)make|NP(=)BeForeyoucanmakealoaf,youneedtogetsomeflourNowinpairsmakeaposterforyourschoolthattellsstudentsvariouswaystheycanreducetheamountofcarbondioxideintheairWhenyouhavefinishedit,reviseyourletterandmakeafinalversion◆totalkaboutproducingorperformingsomething)make|NP|adjectiveNPpreposition(=)TonypromisedtohelpClairemakeherherselfsmarterandherhomemoreelegantSkiingintheRocketMountainsandsailingintheharbormakeVancouveroneofCanada’smostpopularcitiestoliveinHowdidcuriositymakeAlexanderGrahamBellintoagreatinventor◆totalkaboutcausingthingstobeortohappen)make|NP|bareinfinitive(=)So,manyanimalsbeingcaughtindriftnetmakemanythinkthatitisnecessarytohaveaworldwidebanonalldriftnetfishingLookingawayfrompeopleoryawningwill,inmostcases,makemeappeartobeuninterested◆totalkaboutcausingorforcingsomeoneorsomethingtodosomething)NP|iswas,etc|made|offromoutof…(=)ThesefloatingislandsandtheUrosIndian’shousesaremadefromthewaterplantsthatgrowinthelakeIthinksomeofthebeadsaremadeofanimalbonesbutsomearemadeofshells◆totalkabouthowthingsaremanufactured)iswasetc|made|toinfinitive(=)Inmyrealfather,AlanTuring,wroteabookabouthowIcouldbemadetoworkasa“universalmachine”tosolveanydifficultmathematicalproblemNorwillyoureceiveapatentuntilasearchhasbeenmadetofindoutthatyourproductreallyisdifferentfromeverybodyelse’s◆totalkaboutbeingForcedtodosomethingTherearemainlygrammarpatternsusedinthetextbookcorporaasaboveThemosttypicaloneisthefirstonemake|NP,whichaccountsforAndtheNPsfollowingmakecanbeconcrete(egpicture,note,soup)orabstract(egchange,career,adjustment)Inthesecondpattern,theadjectivesofmake|NP|adjectiveNPprepositionmaybeapositiveone(eghappy,entertaining,equal)oranegativeone(egsad,weak,unhappy)ComparativeDegree(as…as,more…than)isalsousedinthispatternTheprepositionsaremainlyintointhecorporaBecausemakeisaCausativeVerb,theinfinitivesfollowingmake|NParebareHowever,toinfinitivemustbeusedinthepassivevoiceasinthefifthpatternInthefourthpattern,thewordsafteroffromoutof…areusuallyMaterialNouns,suchaswater,stoneCollocationsMakecombineswithmanynounswiththegeneralmeaningof“performanaction”Forexample:makeanappointmentmakeaplananoutlinealistmakeaquestionaguessmakeadecisionasuggestionmakeavisitaclimbmakeaspeechacalladialogueareportaconversationapresentationAmongthecollocationslistedabove,themosttypicaloneis“makealist”,foritappearsmostfrequentlyinthewordclusterThereasonwhy“makealist”isusedsooftenisthatthedataunderinvestigationaretextbookcorporaanditisusedasinstructioninstudentsbookMakecombineswith“up”toFormphrasalverbs(thetscoreof“up”>)Withyourpartner,makeupdialoguesforthefollowingsituationsInthisway,Icanmakeupnewmovesupnewmovesusingmy“artificialintelligence”EachpersonshouldtaketurnstomakeasentenceusingoneofthewordsbelowsothatthegroupcanmakeupastorywithyoursentencesMakealsocombineswithsomecontentwordssuchas“sure”,“notes”,“sentences”,“sense”accordingtothetscoresthatareover(sure:,notes:,sentence:,sence:)Setphasesmakeit=succeedmakeup=toputsthtogetherfromseveraldifferentthingstoinventastory,etcmakeuponesmind=decide,determinemakeadifference=beimportant,mattertohaveaneffectmakealiving=earnenoughtosupportoneselfmakeamistakemistakes=tocommitanerrortodosomethingwrongaccidentallymakeuseof=toutilizesomeoneorsomethingmakefunof=toridiculesomeoneorsomethingmakesense=bereasonableorlogicalorcomprehensiblemakesure=makeapointofdoingsomethingactpurposefullyandintentionallyImplicationsforteachingMakeisakeywordforstudenttolearnforitsvariousmeaningsindifferentcontextsItiswidelyusednotonlyinwrittenEnglish,butalsoinspokenEnglishWhenteachingtheusageofmake,teachersshouldemphasizethephasesofmakeandinstructstudentstouseitaccuratelyandflexiblyThestudentsshouldbefamiliarwiththeusethatMakecombineswithmanynounswiththegeneralmeaningof…performanaction”anduseittotaketheplaceofasingleverbtovarytheirwritingForexample,“makeadecision”couldbeusedtosubstitute“decide”Andteachersshouldremindthestudentsthatabareinfinitiveshouldbechangedintoatoinfinitivewhenmakeisusedinpassivevoice(Wordcount:)

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