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首页 吉林省东北师范大学附属中学净月校区2015

吉林省东北师范大学附属中学净月校区2015.doc

吉林省东北师范大学附属中学净月校区2015

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2018-04-04 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《吉林省东北师范大学附属中学净月校区2015doc》,可适用于综合领域

吉林省东北师范大学附属中学净月校区吉林省东北师范大学附属中学净月校区学年高一英语上学期期中试卷(含解析)此试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。第I卷(选择题满分分)第一部分听力理解(共两节满分分)第一节(共小题每题分满分分)听下面五段对话每段对话后有一个小题从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后你都有秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。What’stheman’sprobleminlearningEnglishAPronunciationBGrammarCSpellingWhatwillthemanmostprobablydoACallthetravelagentBGettheinformationonthenetCHaveatriptoLosAngelesHowmuchdidthewomanpayforthecoatAdollarsBdollarsCdollarsWhatdoesthemanmeanATheydon’thavetochangetheirplanBThey’dbetterchangetheirmindCTheycan’ttrustweatherforecastsWhatdoesthewomansuggestthemandoACheckhisphonebillagainBBWritelettersinsteadofcallingCCKeeparecordofhisphonecalls第二节(共小题每题分满分分)听下面五段对话或独白每段对话或独白后有几个小题从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前你将有时间阅读各个小题每小题秒钟听完后各小题将给出秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。听第段材料回答、题。WhatisthewomanthinkingaboutAGettingmoremoneyBDoingbetterinherjobCChangingherjobHowdoesthewomanlikeherpresentjobAItisdifficultBItisinterestingCItishighlypaid听第段材料回答、题WhatisthewomantellingherfatheraboutAHervisittoGreenwichVillageBHerplanforherholidaysightseeingexperienceWhenisthewomangoingtoseeashowAOnherlastnighthereBNextweekendCnight听第段材料回答至题WhatdidthewomandoonFridayAShepreparedfortheexamCherTomorrowBSheattendedaclassactivityCShehadahistorylessonWhatistheweatherinthedesertlikeatnightAHotanddryBHotandwetCCoolanddryWhyisiteasytoseedifferentrocksinthedesertAThereareveryfewplantsBTherearetoomanyrocksCTherearedifferentcolorsofrocks听第段材料回答至题WhatarethetwospeakersmainlytalkingaboutARightsofpeopleBTestsonanimalsCAnimalmedicinesWhataretheanimalsusedtoACureillnessesBKeepaspetsCTestmedicinesWhydoesn’tthemanwanttosignAHedoesn’tlikeanimalsatallBHedoesn’tthinkherviewreasonableCHecan’tbearthewomantalkinglikethatHowdoesthewomanfeelabouttheman’sviewASatisfiedBPuzzledCUnhappy听第段材料回答至题WhatcanwelearnaboutthegreenhouseAItwaslocatedinaparkBitsownerdiedofaheartattackCitcloseditsdoorsuddenlyWhatwasthespeakerdoingwhenthecustomerwalkedinAHelpingacustomerselectsomepurchasesBWritingawantadtoalocalnewspaperCPuttingupa“goingoutofbusiness”signWhatdidthespeakerthinkofwhenservingtheofficemanagerAOpeninganofficeinthenewofficeparkBKeepingbetterrelationswithhercompanyCDevelopingnewbusinessopportunitiesWhatwasthespeaker’shopeforthefutureAOwningthegreenhouseBFindingajobattheofficeparkCFindingcustomersoutoftown第二部分英语知识运用(共两节满分分)第一节单项填空(共小题每小题分满分分)从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。DriverswhoarecaughtdrivingseriouslydrunkinChinawillbeputinprison,andLiJunjie,yearolddriver,wasthefirstoneAthe不填AshouldtellbetoldHesaidthathewouldn’tgotothepartyhewasinvitedBaaBwouldtellC不填aDatheDThemanagerrequestedthatnooneofthedecisionbeforethenextmeetingCwouldbetoldAevenifAgraduallysincerelyBasifCifDonceAshewenttothesameuniversityashisgirlfriend’s,JimdatedhisgirlfriendBfluentlyCfrequentlyDTheytriedtoacaveinthesideofthemountainforshelterthatnightAfindoutAforwhomAwedecidedwedecideHeroseandsaidthatthemeetingwasAintheendattheendTheaccidentcausedsometomycar,butit’snothingseriousAharmAaddeduptoaddedupManycountriesarenowsettingupnationalparksanimalsandplantscanbeprotectedAwhenwhereThebuildingwindowsarebrightatnightisourschoollibraryAthatwhichchildrenwhoseparentshaddiedintheearthquakesenttolivewithfamiliesinothercitiesAAgreatnumberofwasCThegreatnumberofwasatitAshockingshockedCshockingshockingforeightyearsAfell,fellDis,havefallen第二节完形填空(共小题每小题分满分分)阅读下面短文从短文后各题所给的四个选项A、B、C和D中选出空白处的最佳选项BtryoutBtowhomCworkoutCwhichDdigoutDwhoDdidShewasintrouble,butshehadnooneshecouldturnforhelpOnlythentoanswerviolencewithviolenceBwediddecideCdecidedweBbytheendCatanendDBinjuryBaddedtoCruinCisaddedupDdamageDHiswholeincomenomorethanyuanpermonthBwhichCwhoseDBwhichCwhoseDofBAgreatnumberofwereDThegreatnumberofwereThenewsofhissuddendeathissothateveryonewasverymuchBshockedshockingDshockedshockedIknowheinlovewithher,butIdon’tknowtheyinloveBis,areCfell,havebeen并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。RobesonwasborninaverypoorfamilyAtsevenhehadtopickcoalinadesertedminenearhishome,andthenhesoldeverythingfewcoinstohelphisparentsHehadtheyschoolfeesaservantinaschoolLookingatotherforhimselfHowhetohaveInthedaytime,afterthesweepingWhenhewasfifteen,heworkedhehadpickedandearnedaschooling,forbeingsopoor,howcouldchildrenstudyingintheclassroom,hefeltthesamechance!Hedecidedtostudybyandcleaningwasover,hestandbythewindowoutsidetheclassroomtryinghardathislessonsthathesometimeshadheshowedtocatchwhattheteachersaidAtnight,hetriedhisbesttorememberwhatheduringthedayHeworkedjustthreeorfourhourstosleepThemorehelearned,thegreater奋的)boyandinhislessonsAmathsteacherdiscoveredhimandcametolikethisdiligent(勤himtositatthebackoftheclassInoneexam,hewasthestudentoftheschooloneinthewholeschoolwhoreachedthehighestgradeHewouldhavebeengiventhescholarshipifhehadbeenaRobesontalentandarticleswhichattractedtheroughsixlongyearswithhisstudyofmathsandwroteseveralofsomeuniversityprofessorsTheyadmiredhishisdiligenceTogivehimagoodchance,theyhiredhimasalibrarianhimfreeguidanceRobesonfelt,forhewassurethatbeforehimthereBwhichBfewBaffordBlikeBpleasedBdecidedBhimselfBwillCthatClittleCsendCforCproudCwishedChisparentsCshouldDwhatDmuchDreadDbyDsorryDregrettedDDwouldDhadhiswasabroadroadsuccessAwhetherAmanyAbuyAasAangryAhatedAtheteacherschoolmatesAcanAhadlearnedbeenwrittendownAveryAjoyAallowedAworstAregularAlearnedAnoticeattentionAexceptforBaccordingtoCaswellasDinspiteBhasbeentaughtBsoBinterestBagreedBonlyBdeterminedBlistenedBinfluenceCtooChasheardDquiteCtimeCletClastCdevotedCmasteredCeyesDtasteDrefusedDlaziestDsmartDstruggledDofAtaughtAsurprisingdisappointedAleadingtoBcomingfromCmadeofDcoveredwith第三部分阅读理解(共两节满分分)第一节共小题每小题分满分分阅读下列短文从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。AResearchhasshownthatmusichasanimportanteffectonone’sbodyandmindInfact,thereisagrowingfieldofhealthcareknownasmusictherapy(疗法),whichusesmusictotreatdiseasesEvenhospitalsarebeginningtousemusictherapyThisisnotsurprising,asmusicaffectsthebodyandmindinmanypowerfulwaysResearchhasshownthatquickmusiccanmakeapersonfeelmorealert(警惕的),whileslowmusiccanproduceacalm,deepthinkingstateAlso,researchhasfoundthatmusiccanchangebrainwaveactivitylevelsThiscanhelpthebraintochangespeedsmoreeasilyonitsownasneeded,whichmeansthatmusiccanbringlastingbenefitstoyourstateofmind,evenafteryou’vestoppedlisteningBreathingandheartratescanalsobeinfluencedbymusicThiscanmeanslowerbreathing,slowerheartrateThisiswhymusicandmusictherapycanhelpreducethedamagingeffectsoflongtermstress,greatlypromoting(促进)notonlyrelaxation,buthealthMusiccanalsobeusedtobringaboutamorepositivestateofmindbyhelpingtokeepworriesatbayMusichasalsobeenfoundtobringmanyotherbenefits,suchasloweringbloodpressureandreducingtheriskofstrokesItisnosurprisethatsomanypeopleareconsideringmusicasanimportanttooltohelpthebodybecomeorstayhealthyAccordingtothepassage,whatismusictherapyAItisatypeofmusictohelptreatdiseasesThereasonwhymusiccanhelpdealwithstressisthatAitisusedbymanyhospitalsbrainwavesCitdoesgoodtobreathingandheartratespositivestateofmindAccordingtothepassage,musiccanhelpdealwithallthefollowingEXCEPTAnervousnessbloodpressureBofferedBnervousClentChappyDsentDBItistheresearchaboutmusicDItistheuseofmusicCItisakindofmusicaleffectondiseasesBDititcanhelpchangecanbringamoreBlungdiseasesCstrokesDhighThepassageismainlyaboutAtheimportanceofmusictherapyCresearchontheeffectofmusichealBPeoplerealizethat,althoughanimalsmaynothavethesameintelligenceashumanbeings,theyaresmartenoughtolearncertainthingsDogsareextremelyusefulascompanionsforblindpeopleWhenadoghasbeenproperlytrained,hewillalwaysleadhisblindmasterintherightdirectionandkeephimoutofdangerForexample,seeingeyedogslearnnevertocrossabusyroadwhencarsarecoming,eveniftheirmasterorderedthemtodosoHorsesarealsoabletolearnmanythingsHorsesthatareusedforguardorpolicedutymustlearnnevertobefrightenedofnoises,traffic,andotherdisturbancesRacinghorsesareabletorunmuchfasterthanotherhorses,buttheyarealsoquitehighstrung(易紧张)Therefore,itisnecessaryforthosepeoplewhotrainthemtobeverypatientandunderstandingThemovingpicturesandtelevisioncanusetrainedanimalstooSomeanimals,suchasmonkeysandfoxes,areeasytofilmAllyouhavetodoismakeatrailinfrontofthecamerabydraggingsomethingthatsmellsgoodtotheanimalsoverthegroundBiganimals,suchaslionsandtigers,canbephotographedastheyboundhappilybacktotheirfamiliesanddinnerIfamovieactorisnearby,thewelltrainedanimalwillpaynoattentiontohimHowever,theaudiencemayimaginethattheactorescapedaterribledeathbytheskinofhisteethDogswhohelpblindpeoplemustlearnAtoobeyallordersCnevertocrossroadsAfasterthanotherhorsesCcleverthanotherhorseAplacesomethingtoattracttheanimalCordertheanimaltodothingsCGrandpapickedupseveralitemsandplacedthemonthecounter(柜台)HetoldtheclerkitwouldbeoncreditTheclerkwasnewanddidn’tknowGrandpa,thoughhehadbeencomingtothissamecountrystoreforyears“Signhere,”theclerkpointedtoapieceofpaperandsaidGrandpatookthepencilbesidethepaperandcarefullymarkedan“X”onthedottedline“You’resupposedtosignyourname,”shesaidBtoobeyonlysafeordersDtocrossroadwhenorderedtodosoBsmallerthanotherhorsesDmorenervousthanotherhorsesBgivetheanimalacertaintaskDfollowtheanimaltohuntBbenefitsmusiccanbringDdiseasesmusiccanhelpRacehorsesarehardtotrainbecausetheyareWhatdoes“makeatrail”meanhereinthelastparagraphGrandpa’shandshookwiththepencilHewasatallman,thinwithsandyblondhairandblueeyesIhadn’tseenhimsoembarrassed(尴尬)before,especiallyinfrontofateenagergirl“Ican’treadorwrite,”hesaid“I’vealwayssignedwithan‘X’”IcouldseehewantednothingmorethantogetoutofthereIwasn’tsurewhathappened,butsomewheredeepinsideofGrandpahadbeenprickedIwentclosetohimandbrokemyHershey’sbarinhalf“Wantsome”IaskedHetookitandbitintoitInspiteofhissmile,thesadnessinhiseyessaidthatchocolatewouldn’tmakethepaingoawayGrandpaisnolongerwithusnow,butIknowhewasneversimply“GrandpaX”Hejustdidn’tknowhowtoreadandhethoughtitwastoolateinlifeforhimtostartWhatIwouldwanttotellGrandpamorethananythingelse,ifIcouldspeaktohimtoday,isthatit’snottoolateThereareprogramsandpeoplewhoarewillingtohelphimlearntoreadandwriteButthemostimportantthingI’dsayisthatwhetherhecouldreadornot,hewasneverjust“GrandpaX”tomeWhichofthefollowingstatementsaboutthewriter’sgrandpaisWRONGAHedidn’tknowhowtoreadorwriteallhislifeBHefeltembarrassedwhentheclerkaskedhimtosignhisnameCHehadalwayssignedwithan“X”inthecountrystorebeforethenewclerkcameDHewasahardworkingmanbutslowatlearningTheunderlinedword“pricked”inparagraphmeansAignoredBfooledChurtDworriedWhatcanweinferfromthelastparagraphAIt’sdifficultforanoldmantolearntoreadBThewriter’sloveforhisgrandpawouldn’tchangeCThewriterwouldhaverespectedhisgrandpamoreifhehadlearnedtoreadDYouwillbelookeddownuponifyoucan’treadorwrite第二节共小题每小题分满分分根据短文内容从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中两项为多余选项。HowtoMakeFriendsFriendshipisaveryimportanthumanrelationshipandeveryoneneedsgoodfriendsGoodfriendshiphasmanybenefitsItofferscompanionship,improvesselfworthandpromotesgoodhealthTherearetimesinourlivessuchaswhenwehaverecentlymovedintoanewtown,orchangedourjobsorschoolsSuchchangesoftenleavesuswithoutafriendfriendsAssociatewithothersButformanyofustheprocessisdifficultandrequirescourageBelowaresomehelpfulsuggestionsonhowtomakeandkeepThefirststeptomakingfriendsisassociatingwithotherpeopleYoucangotopublicplacestomeetnewpeopleBesides,youwillneedtomakeyourselfknownbybecominganactivememberofsuchplacesStartaconversationStartingaconversationisthesecondmostimportantstepinmakingnewfriendsYoucanalwaysstarttheconversationBeingabletomakesmalltalkisaveryChoosingfriendswithcommoninterestsisimportantinbuildingfriendshipastheseinterestswouldalwaysbringyouandyourfriendtogether,HangingoutwillalwaysbeapleasantexperienceLetitgrowItisagoodthingtostayintouchHowever,trynottopressyournewfriendwithcalls,messagesorvisitsasthiswouldlikelywearhimorheroutandfinallyyoumayloseyourfriendnaturallyEnjoyyourfriendshipThebestwaytoenjoyyourfriendshipistoallowyourfriendstobethemselvesTrynottochangethemfromwhotheyaretowhatyouwantthemtobeBecomeABecheerfulBDothingstogetherCDonotwaittobespokentoDTrynottofindfaultwithyourfriendsEMakingnewfriendscomeseasyforsomepeopleFForafriendshiptodevelopyouneedtostayintouchGSoyouwillneedtogiveyourfriendtimetoreacttoyou第II卷(非选择题满分分)第一节单词拼写(共小题每小题分满分分)班级Thedeadwere(埋葬)inthegroundaftertheterribleearthquakeAllthestudentswere(决心)togethighermarksinthenextexamWhenpeoplemoveintoanewplace,theyoften(破坏)manylocalwildplantsAftergraduating,we(最后终于)gotthechancetotakeabiketripSeeinghismotherwasnolongerintheroom,theboy(爆发)intotearsHewantedtoknowyour(态度)towardsthematter姓名Lucyisa(可靠的)girl,andyoucandependonherThiskindofovercoatisworthbuyingItisofgood(质量)thekindoffriendyouwillwantyourfriendtobeThebestfriendshipsaretheonesthatgrowusefulskillinrelatingwithotherpeopleandingooddesignStudentsshouldtakean(积极的)partinafterclassactivitiesMostscientistspresentatthemeeting(投票)againsttheplanforitwouldbeharmfultotheair第二节短语填空(共小题每小题分满分分)Mysisterdoesn’t(在乎关心)detailsGeographyalso(起重要作用)inmakingdialectsManyvaluableshavebeen(挖出)intheworkingsiteInfifteenterriblesecondsalargecitylay(破败不堪)(事实上),neitherNelsonMandelanorEliaslikedviolence第三节:单句改错(共小题每小题分满分分)Ihaven’tbeenabletobeoutdoorsforverylongthatIhavegrownsocrazyaboutnatureTodayanumberofpeoplelearningEnglishinChinaisincreasingrapidlySheinsistedthatshecouldorganizethetripproperlyWorkersbuiltsheltersforsurvivorswhohomeshadbeendestroyedWehavereachedastagewhichwehavealmostnorightsatallItiswidelyknownthatnaturalresourcesshouldbemadegooduseIprefertogooutforawalkratherthantostayathomeonsuchasunnydayTherearepeoplepresentatthemeeting,mostofthemareteachersfrommiddleschoolsAlltheexcitingbasketballfanswerewaitinginlinetoseeYiJianlian,anewstarafterYaoMingOnlyaboutonefifthofthebooksiswrittenforchildrenfromseventotenyearsold第四节书面表达(共分)假如你是李华结识了一位美国笔友Edward,在他的帮助下你的英语学习有了明显的进步。你打算给他写一封电子邮件告诉他相关情况并表示感谢:过去)口语较差不敢说英语)很少阅读)对英语学习没有兴趣成绩很差现在)口语比较流利敢与朋友们交流)喜欢阅读英文杂志、报纸和书籍)进步很快英语成绩逐渐有了很大提高要求:)词数左右)恰当使用过渡词句DearEdward,ThankyouforyourhelpYours,LiHuaCABACCBCAB学年高一年级上学期期中考试英语学科试题答案CABCBCBCCAC【解析】考查冠词。putinprison意为“把关进监狱”其被动式beputinintoprison表示“被关进监狱”其中的prison指“坐牢”这一抽象概念其前不必用任何冠词ayearolddriver此处是泛指“一位岁的司机”要用不定冠词。故选C。C【解析】request要求,请求,其后的宾语从句的谓语要用should动词原形,should可以省略。故选C。A【解析】考查连词。句意:他说即使收到邀请他也不会去参加派对。evenif在此引导让步状语从句意为“即使尽管”。故选A。C【解析】考查副词。句意:他和女朋友在同一所大学读书所以经常和女朋友约会。frequently“频繁地经常地”在本句中修饰动词date。gradually“逐步地渐渐地”fluently“流利地流畅地”sincerely“真诚地”。故选C。D【解析】考查动词短语。句意:那天晚上他们设法在山的一侧挖出一个山洞来躲避起来。digout“掘出发掘出”findout“找出查明发现”tryout“试验”workout“算出实现制定出”。故选D。B【解析】考查“介词关系代词”引导的定语从句。turntosbforhelp是固定搭配意为“向某人求助”。whom引导定语从句指代先行词noone作turnto的宾语。故选B。D【解析】考查倒装。“only状语(从句)”置于句首时句子要采用部分倒装形式本句运用一般过去时态所以把助动词did提到主语we的前面。故选D。C【解析】考查短语。句意:他站起来说会议结束了。atanend“结束终结”intheend“最后终于”作状语bytheend“到为止在最后”作状语attheendofsth“在的末尾在结束的时候”。故选C。D【解析】考查名词辨析。句意为这场事故给我的车造成了些损坏但问题不严重。causedamageto给造成损坏故选D。A【解析】考查动词短语。句意:他每个月的总收入加起来不到元。addupto“总计达总共是”addto“增加增添”addup“把数字加起来”。故选A。D【解析】考査定语从句。句意:现在很多国家都在建国家公园在那里动植物能得到保护。先行词为nationalparks在从句中作地点状语故选用关系副词where。C【解析】考查定语从句的引导词。whose引导定语从句修饰先行词thebuilding相当于thebuilding’s在定语从句中作定语修饰windows。故选C。B【解析】考查主谓一致。a(great)numberof修饰可数名词的复数意为“许多,大量的”作主语时谓语动词要用复数。故选B。A【解析】考查形容词。shocked“对感到震惊”表示人的感受shocking“令人震惊的”表示物的性质和状态。句意:他突然死亡的消息是如此令人震惊以至于每个人对此都感到非常震惊。故选A。C【解析】考查时态。fallinlovewithsb“爱上某人”表示动作beinlovewithsb“与某人相爱”表示状态。句意:我知道他爱上她了但我不知道他们已经相爱八年了。前一个空表示“爱上某人”这一动作且动作发生在过去故应用一般过去时后一个空表示两人“相爱”的状态且这种状态持续了八年故应用现在完成时。选C。(D【解析】根据上文的hesoldwhathehadpicked可知,Robeson通过卖煤赚一点钱补贴家用。(C【解析】根据下文内容可知,由于家境贫寒,Robeson几乎没有受过多少学校教育。(B【解析】根据语境可知,由于家庭贫寒,他们不可能支付得起他的学费。(A【解析】workas为固定搭配,意为从事工作,岁时,Robeson在一所学校当勤杂工。(D【解析】看到别的孩子在学校读书,Robeson为自己感到遗憾难过(sorry)。其他选项不符合语境。(C【解析】此处表达Robeson的心愿,他多么希望自己也能拥有读书的机会呀!(B【解析】根据下文内容可知,Robeson决定自学(D【解析】would作情态动词,表示过去常常,此处是说Robeson在白天干完活后,经常站在教室的窗外偷听老师讲课。(A【解析】到了晚上,Robeson就尽最大努力记住白天学到的东西。此处用过去完成时(B【解析】此处表示他学习非常刻苦,有时只有三、四个小时的睡眠时间,应该用hard。(B【解析】他学到的东西越多,他对功课越感兴趣。此处其实是考查固定短语showinterestin。(A【解析】此处考查allowsbtodosth。这位数学老师非常善良,他允许Robeson坐到教室的后面听课。(B【解析】根据语境可判断,在一次考试中,Robeson是全校唯一一个获得最高分的人。(A【解析】如果Robeson是学校的正式学生(regularstudent)的话,他就能获得奖学金了。事实上,他不是学校的正式学生。(D【解析】对于家境贫寒的Robeson来说,坚持六年的学习肯定不容易,所以只有struggle一词能描述他的境况。(D【解析】根据下文内容可知,Robeson写的几篇文章引起了一些大学教授的注意。attractdrawcatchtheattentionofsb吸引某人的注意。(C【解析】教授们欣赏他的天赋以及勤奋。空前的talent与空后的diligence是并列关系,故选择aswellas。(B【解析】为了给Robeson一个好的机会,教授们聘任他当图书管理员,并免费指导他。offersbsth主动给某人提供某物。(C【解析】根据常理可知,离梦想越来越近,Robeson自然会感到非常开心。(A【解析】leadto在此处意为通往,通向,自信的Robeson感到前面有一条通向成功的宽广大道。【备注】出身贫寒的Robeson童年时几乎没有接受什么学校教育,在一所学校打工时他决定开始自学。他在数学方面的勤奋与天赋吸引了一些大学教授的注意,爱惜人才的教授们向他伸出了援助之手,帮他铺平了通往成功的道路。(D【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第一段中的“Infact,thereisagrowingfieldofhealthcareknownasmusictherapy(疗法),whichusesmusictotreatdiseases”可知musictherapy实际上是一种运用音乐来对病人进行治疗的一种方法。故选D。(C【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第三段中的“BreathingandheartratescanalsobeinfluencedbymusicThiscanmeanslowerbreathing,slowerheartrateThisiswhymusicandmusictherapycanhelpreducethedamagingeffectsoflongtermstress”可知听音乐可以有助于人们减缓呼吸频率和心跳频率从而有助于减缓压力。故选C。(B【解析】细节理解题。通读全文可知文中并没有提到听音乐对肺部疾病的治疗。故选B。(B【解析】主旨大意题。通读全文我们可以知道听音乐有许多好处不同速度的音乐对人的影响不同。故选B。【备注】本文叙述了音乐对人们健康的影响。听音乐有许多好处且不同速度的音乐对人的影响不同。现在人们在医院开始用音乐来帮助治疗病人。(B【解析】推理判断题。根据文章第二段中的“Forexample,seeingeyedogslearnnevertocrossabusyroadwhencarsarecoming,eveniftheirmasterorderedthemtodoso”可推知导盲犬只遵守那些(能让主人)安全的指示。故选B。(D【解析】细节理解题。根据文章第三段中的“Racinghorsesareabletorunmuchfasterthanotherhorses,buttheyarealsoquitehighstrung(易紧张)Therefore,itisnecessaryforthosepeoplewhotrainthemtobeverypatientandunderstanding”可知赛马比其他的马跑得快但是很容易产生紧张情绪所以不好控制和训练。故选D。(A【解析】词义猜测题。根据文章第三段中的“byputtingsomethingthatsmellsgoodtotheanimalsovertheground”可以推断出“makeatrail”是“放置诱饵”的意思。故选A。【备注】本文为一篇说明文。动物虽然不能像人类一样聪明但它们也是有灵性的人们可以教动物学会一些技巧为人类服务。(D【解析】细节理解题。根据最后一段中的“Hejustdidn’tknowhowtoreadandhethoughtitwastoolateinlifeforhimtostart”可知祖父并非学东西慢他只是认为自己太老错过了学习的年龄而没有开始学习。故D项错误。(C【解析】词义猜测题。根据文章第五段中的“Ihadn’tseenhimsoembarrassed(尴尬)before,especiallyinfrontofateenagergirl”和第六段中的“Icouldseehewantednothingmorethantogetoutofthere”以及第八段中的“Inspiteofhissmile,thesadnessinhiseyessaidthatchocolatewouldn’tmakethepaingoaway”可知爷爷因为不会写字而感到很尴尬自尊心受到伤害尤其是在一个年轻的姑娘面前所以此处应指“受到伤害的”。故选C。(B【解析】推理判断题。根据最后一段中“ButthemostimportantthingI’dsayisthatwhetherhecouldreadornot,hewasneverjust‘GrandpaX’tome”可知作者对爷爷的爱不会改变。故选B。【备注】作者讲述了爷爷的一件事情虽然爷爷并不会读书写字但是作者对他的爱一直不会改变。(E【解析】由后面“Butformanyofustheprocessisdifficultandrequirescourage”中的“But”可知前面是要说一个过程对一个人来说很容易故答案为E。(C【解析】由后面的“Youcanalwaysstarttheconversation”可知前面应该是你不要等着别人先和你说话故答案为C。(B【解析】由后面的“Choosingfriendswithcommoninterestsisimportantinbuildingfriendshipastheseinterestswouldalwaysbringyouandyourfriendtogether”可知应是“和朋友一起做事”。故答案为B。(G【解析】前面说“保持联系是一件好事。但不要通过电话短信或亲自拜访给你的朋友施加压力因为这可能会使对方疲惫不堪最后你可能会失去友谊。”因此你要给你的朋友时间对你作出回应。故答案为G。(D【解析】由前面的一句“享受友谊的最好的方法是允许你的朋友们做他们自己”可知对朋友不要太挑剔。故答案为D。【备注】这是一篇说明文主要说明了交朋友应注意的几个方面。burieddetermineddestroyfinallyburstattitudereliablequalityactivevotedcareaboutplaysanimportantrolepartdugoutinruinsAsamatteroffactvery改为soa改为thecould改为(should)who改为whosewhich改为where【解析】句意为:我们已经达到了一个几乎没有任何权利的阶段。先行词astage在定语从句中做地点状语故用关系副词where。use后面加of去掉句中第二个tothem改为whomexciting改为excitedis改为areDearEdward,ThankyouforyourgreathelpWithyourhelp,IfeelIhavechangedalotandmadegreatprogressinEnglishInthepast,Ididn’tdaretospeakEnglishandIshowedlittleinterestinEnglishButnow,I’mwillingtocommunicatewithothersinEnglish,forIcanspeakEnglishmorefluentlyWhat’smore,IhavebeguntoreadmoreandmoreEnglishmagazines,newspapersandbooksThankstoyourshelp,nowIhavegainedmuchconfidenceinEnglishwithmygradeimprovingandIhaveagreatinterestinEnglishThankyouagainIhopeyou’llcontinuetohelpmeasmuchaspossibleandthatourfriendshipwilllastforever!YoursLiHua

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吉林省东北师范大学附属中学净月校区2015

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