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美国风俗.doc

美国风俗

Renata洁莹
2018-06-14 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《美国风俗doc》,可适用于外语资料领域

美国风俗MeetingsomeoneWhenmeetingsomeoneforthefirsttime,itiscustomarytoshakehands,bothformenandforwomenHugsareonlyexchangedbetweenclosefriendsKissingisnotcommon,andmenneverkissothermenAmericanswillusuallyintroducethemselvesbytheirfirstnameandlastname(suchas“Hello,I’mJohnSmith”),or,ifthesettingisverycasual,bytheirfirstnameonly(“Hi,I’mJohn”)Thecommonresponsewhensomeoneisintroducedtoyouis“Pleasedtomeetyou”Unlesssomeoneisintroducedtoyouwiththeirtitleandlastname(suchasMisterSmithorMissJohnson),youshouldaddressthembytheirfirstnameAmericansnormallyaddresseveryonetheymeetinasocialorbusinesssettingbytheirfirstnameHowever,youshouldalwaysaddressyourcollegeprofessorsbytheirtitleandlastname(suchasProfessorJones),unlesstheyaskyoutodootherwiseSpeakingonthetelephoneAmericansnormallyanswerthetelephonebysimplysaying“Hello”Ifyouarecallingabusiness,thepersonansweringthephonewillgivethenameofthebusinessandusuallytheirownnameaswellIfthepersonyouwouldliketospeaktohasansweredthephone,youshouldsayhelloandstateyournameIfnot,youshouldaskforthatpersonpolitely:“MayIpleasespeakwithAndrewBrown”ThemajorityofAmericanshaveansweringmachinesintheirhomesAlso,themajorityofbusinesseshavevoicemailaccountsfortheiremployeesWhenleavingamessage,stateyournameclearlyandleaveatelephonenumberwhereyoucanbereachedTelephonemessagesshouldbebriefandtothepointEatingoutAllrestaurantsinAmericaacceptcashforpayment,andmost(evensomefastfoodrestaurants)alsoacceptcreditcardsAfewrestaurantsalsoacceptATMcardsforpaymentYouwillrarelyfindarestaurantthatacceptschecksItiscommontohavetowaitforatableatapopularrestaurantTherearemanypopularrestaurantsthatdonotacceptreservations,orwillonlyacceptreservationsforlargeparties(forexample,sixormorepeople)Attheserestaurants,thewaitcanbeverylongonaweekendnight,sometimesuptohourHowever,almostallupscale,ormoreformal,restaurantswillacceptreservationsManyrestaurantsinAmerica(exceptforfastfoodrestaurants)havealicensetoservealcoholBeerandwinearealwaysavailable,andatsomerestaurantshardliquor(suchasvodkaorwhisky)isalsoavailableRestaurantsthatservehardliquoraresaidtohave“afullbar”ThedrinkingageinAmericaisIfyoulookyoung,bepreparedtoshowproofofyouragewhenorderingalcoholTippingThereareonlyafewsituationswheretippingisexpectedTheoneyouwillencountermostoftenisatrestaurantsAmericanrestaurantsdonotaddaservicechargetothebillThereforeitisexpectedthatthecustomerwillleaveatipfortheserverCommonpracticeistoleaveatipthatisequaltoofthetotalbillforacceptableservice,andaboutforsuperiorserviceIftheservicewasunusuallypoor,thenyoucouldleaveasmallertip,aboutOtherprofessionswheretippingisexpectedincludehairdressers,taxidrivers,hotelporters,parkingvalets,andbartendersThegeneralruleistotipapproximatelyofthebillInsituationswherethereisnobill(aswithhotelportersandparkingvalets),thetipmayrangefrom$to$,dependingonthetypeofestablishmentandonhowgoodtheservicewasSmokingSmokingisnotascommoninAmericaasinmanyothercountriesGenerally,AmericanssmokelessthanEuropeansandmuchlessthanAsiansItisapracticethatisbecominglessandlesssociallyacceptableSmokingisprohibitedinmanyplacesItisnotallowedinanypublicbuildings,onanypublictransportation(includingairplaneflightswithintheUnitedStates),inshops,movietheaters,schools,andofficebuildingsThegeneralruleisifyouareindoors,thenyouprobablyarenotallowedtosmokeTheexceptionsarebars,nightclubs,andsomerestaurantsIfarestaurantdoesallowsmoking,itwillonlybeinanareathatisdesignatedforsmokersIfyouarewithsomeone,evenoutdoors,itispolitetoaskiftheymindbeforeyoustartsmokingThelegalsmokingageinAmericaisIfyouarebuyingcigarettes(oranothertobaccoproduct)andyoulookyoung,thestoreclerkisrequiredbylawtoaskyouforproofoflegalageYoushouldbepreparedtoprovideidentificationAmericaiswellknownforitsequality,liberty,fraternityEveryoneisveryfriendlyandinformalChildrenoftencalltheirparentsbytheirfirstnamesandatwork,subordinatesdonotnormallyuse"Mister"whenaddressingtheirsupervisorsTothosevisitorswhocomefromamorerigidandstratifiedsociety,suchcasualnesscanbeconfusing,leadingtoegregiousblundersConversely,manyworldly,sophisticatedAmericansappearmortifiedbecausetheyfeelAmericaisnot"civilized,"withacapital"C"However,weknowofterriblyembarrassingincidentsfrommistakeswhichonlyaninnocentforeignerwouldhavemadePublicdisplaysofaffectionbetweenthesexesareverycommon,unlikeperhapswhereyouhavecomefromInmanycities,especiallySanFrancisco,homosexualityisanacceptedwayoflifeYoumaythereforeseemenbeingaffectionatewithmenandwomenwithwomenIfyoudisapproveofhomosexualsbecauseofyourreligiousorculturalbeliefs,pleasekeepittoyourselfYoumightevenfindyourselfaguestinagayperson'shomeandmightbecomeshockedtorealizethatyourhostisanormalhumanbeinglikeanyotherandthatyouareactuallyenjoyinghishospitalityManycouplesalsolivetogetherwithoutbeingmarriedandmaynevermarryButyoumustrealizetheirbondisprobablyasstrongasthebondofmarriageSodon'tthinkoneofthemisavailablefora"date"Americaisanotoriously"open"society,andtomostforeignersAmericansoftenappearexceptionallyand"instantly"friendlyButsometimessuchopennesscanleadtoseriousmisunderstanding,especiallybetweenmenandwomenAcasualinvitationtohavedrinksandordinnerdoesnotmeanthatyourAmericanhostalsowantstobecome"intimate"withyouafterwardsSobecarefulnottoreadtoomuchintoafriendlyinvitation

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