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首页 中考英语阅读理解满分突破.doc

中考英语阅读理解满分突破.doc

中考英语阅读理解满分突破.doc

上传者: Gabriel水洋 2017-11-15 评分 5 0 136 19 620 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《中考英语阅读理解满分突破doc》,可适用于外语资料领域,主题内容包含中考英语阅读理解满分突破中考英语专题,阅读理解满分突破中考阅读理解分析重要性“中考英语成败在于阅读”阅读一般是分(题型:主旨大意题、推理判断题、词义符等。

中考英语阅读理解满分突破中考英语专题,阅读理解满分突破中考阅读理解分析重要性“中考英语成败在于阅读”阅读一般是分(题型:主旨大意题、推理判断题、词义猜测题、事实细节题(文章特点:一、人物故事人物故事类的短文通常包括故事情节、人物或事物之间的关系、作者的态度和意图、故事的起因或结局等几个主要方面。二、民族风情例如介绍某个国家或地区的河流、山脉以及社会生活、政治经济、文化习俗等方面的情况。这要求考生了解其渗透的文化背景。因此考生平时应拓宽知识面对世界各国的民族文化有更多的了解。三、科普知识特点是科技词汇较多句子长且结构复杂理论性和逻辑性较强。阅读这类文章重在把握被说明事物各因素之间的联系如因果、条件、种属、并列等以及说明方法如定义、例释、类比等。四、热点话题内容时尚紧紧围绕社会热点、校园生活等选材重在领会作者的写作意图以及文章对读者、社会产生的诸多影响应随时关注社会新闻和身边发生的事情。五、图表例如广告、海报、图书目录、电视节目表、菜单、统计表、旅游须知、火车和飞机的时刻表等等。考生可带着问题在文中寻找答案。在做图表类阅读题时可以针对题目的要求在文章中进行有目的的识读。(陕西)Areyougoingtohighschooltogoonwithyourstudywhatwillyoudoifyoucan’tDon’tworryVocational(职业的)schoolsareopenforyoubecauseourcountryisinneedofpeoplewithspecialskillsComparedwithcommonhighschools,vocationalschoolshavemoreadvantagesFirstly,inordertopromote(促进)thedevelopmentofvocationaleducation,ourcountryspendsalotofmoneyonitSoyouneedtopayonlyasmallerhalfoftheschoolfee(学费)。SecondlyinhereyouhavealreadystartedlearningpracticalskillsthatyoucanuseallyourlifeButsomeotherstudentsmaystillworryabouthowtospendthelongthreeyearsathighschoolsWhyBecausetheydidn’tchoosetheschoolthatsuits(适合)themAndfinally,whentheyarestillwonderingwheretogo,youarealreadyabletoliveonyourownhandsproudlyAndperhapsitwon’tbelongbeforeyouareontheroadtosuccessPeopletakedifferentroadsbecausetheyhavedifferentpotentials(潜力)SodifferentstudentsshouldchoosedifferentschoolsGotohighschoolifyouthinkyoucangofartheronthatroadChooseakeyhighschoolifyouareluckyenoughtohavethechanceEnteravocationalschoolifyouareinterestedinthelessonsthereandyouarebetteratmakingthingswithyourhandsInaword,thinkcarefullyandseewhatkindofpersonyouareRemember,alwayschoosethingsthatsuityouWhatdoesthesecondparagraphtalkabout()AThefutureofvocationalschoolsBHowtolearnaskillCTheadvantageofvocationalschoolsDHowtosucceedTheunderlinedword“practical”heremeans()AfairBusefulCpoorDsafeVocationalschoolstudentscan()thanstudentswhochooseahighschoolcarelesslyAspendmoremoneyBbemoreworriedCgetmoreDhavefewerchancestosucceedWhatcanwelearnfromthepassage()APeopleshouldtakethesameroadBKeyhighschoolstudentsmustbegoodatmakingthingsCCleverstudentsarebetteratusingtheirhandsDWeshouldchoosethingsthatsuitusThispassageiswrittento()AadvisesomestudentstochoosevocationalschoolsBtalkabouttheadvantagesofcommonhighschoolsCdiscusshowtodividestudentsintodifferentgroupsDcomparedifferentschools阅读理解的做题思路第一步:通读全文抓住中心(图表类的短文先读题目再读文章)在此过程中注意把握四个阅读原则:原则一:原则(通读时间与做题时间对等)原则二:首末段原则(不要怕重复和回读)首段的作用:中心段抛砖引玉末段的作用:中心段总结全文(尤其是记叙文末段往往是点睛之笔)原则三:首末句原则即除首段和末段其余各段的首末句一定要读懂其他各句正常阅读原则四:把每段的中心句画出来第二步:仔细审题根据每段的中心句返回原文找出答案并且把每道题的做题依据在文中标出来只有种情况下答案才可以选择:第三步:根据做题的依据来检查选项:阅读技巧之长难句:长难句解析方法:使用连接词andorbeforeafterwhenhowbutforofwithhoweverso等将句子分开再层层扩展例:IputdowntheyearbookandturnedaroundtogetsomesignaturesfromsomeofmyfriendswhenInoticethatmyyearbookwasgoneifyoudolotsofsportslikewalkingorclimbingonyourtip,youshoulddosomeexerciseforweeksormonthsbeforeyouleave四大题型解题方法一、词义猜测题标志在题干中明确指出原文中某处的单词或词组要求辨别其意思。比如:Whatdoestheunderlinedword“A”means,Theword“B”inthepassagemeans做题的关键在于就近原则该单词的上下文需要注意如果该单词认识则其字面意思必然不是正确答案其正确答案是根据上下文推测的一个更加深刻的含义做题的方法:代入替换法回到文中根据上下文的语境来做题例:(黑龙江)Theword“resources”inthepassagemeans:A资源B现象C商品原文:Nowadaysmoreandmorepeoplecareabouttheexploitationofthenaturalresources,suchasoil(南京)Inparagraph,thepronoun“them”refertoApublicspacesBprivatespacesClocalpeopleDothercountries原文:localpeoplecancreatetheirprivatespacesbytalkingaboutthingsyoudon’tknowabout,andyouevenfeellikethattheylikeyoutobeoutsidethem二、事实细节题标志:题干中明确提到的时间、地点、人物数字专有名词等细节信息针对文章中的一句或几句发问比如:(Fromthepassageweknowthat……(Ifwhenyou…………youshould……(Accordingtothepassage,when(where,why,how,who,what,which,etc)(Whichofthefollowingstatementistruenottrue做题的关键在于:返回原文根据题干中的时间、地点、人物,物品返回原文根据出题顺序返回原文根据题干中的重点词或其同义词返回原文(如名词、动词、形容词)例:(天津)DoyoulearnfromyourmistakesIhopesoButhaveyouevermadethesamemistaketwiceIhaveSometimesImakethesamemistakethreeorfourtimes!Sometimes,goodthingshappenbecauseofmistakesOnceIgotonthewrongtrainThatwasabigmistakeButonthattrain,IsawagoodfriendIwassohappyImadethatmistake!TheboysawonthewrongtrainAhisfriendBhisfatherChismotherDhisteacherAnothertimeIruinedasurpriseMymotherplannedasurprisepartyformyfatherShetoldmeitwasasecretButIwasjustalittleboyandIcouldn’tkeepthesecretItoldmyfatheraboutthepartyAtfirst,mymotherwasmadatmeButthenmyfathersaidhewashappyheknewaboutitHesaidhedidn’tlikesurpriseHismotheraskedhimtoAplanasurprisepartyBtellhisfatheraboutthepartyCkeepasecretaboutthepartyDinvitehisfriendtothepartyWhenagoodthingcomesoutofamistake,that’sahappyaccidentWhatdoestheboythinkofmistakesAMistakesarenotwelcomeBmistakeisterriblethingCAllmistakesmenhappyaccidentsDSometimesamistakecanbeagoodthing例:(陕西)ShanghaiTodaytheremorethan,peoplevisitingtheExpo(世博)。TheFrenchpavilionisstillthehottestOver,peoplewaitinginlineinfrontofitTheorganizerssuggestvisitorsgotootherpavilionsfirstInfact,pavilionsofcountriessuchasRussia,Canada,JapanandAmericaareallverygoodXi’anTodaymorethan,peoplehavewrittentheirnamesonapaperTheypromisetouselessenergyandlivealowcarbon(低碳)lifeLet’sfollowthemCutoffthepowerofyourcomputerwhenyoudon’tuseitTurnoffthelightswhengoingoutUsebusesmoreShareyourcarswithothersEatlessmeatLet’sdoourbesttostoptheearthfromwarmingAnkangAtaxidriverfoundabaginhiscarthismorningTherewas,yuaninitThekindhearteddrivergavethebagtothepoliceThepolicehavenowfoundtheowner,abusinessmanfromBaojiToshowhisthanks,theownerwantedtogivehimyuan,butthedriverdidn’ttakeitHesaysitissomethingthatanytaxidriverwilldo(XiningAspecialtrainisnowleavingXiningforShanghaiItcarriesthelastTibetanchildrenTheplatformiscrowdedwithpeopleMostofthemareparentsThesechildrenwillstudyinsomefamousschoolsinShanghaiuntiltheyfinishhighschoolThoseschoolswillpayallthereexpenses(费用)。ThechildrenwillalsogetyuanaspocketmoneyeachmonthManyparentsaskustogivetheirthankstothePartyWhichofthefollowingisTUREaccordingtothenewsATheAmericanpavilionisthemostpopularBThereadersareaskednottosharetheircarswithothersCThegovernmenttakesgoodcareoftheTibetanchildrenDThetaxidrivertooktheyuan三、推理判断题标志:关键词:inferlearn比如:Whatcanyouinferlearnfromthepassage,Whatdoyouthink……is,整体思路:推理题不是考察我们的想象力它实际是考察我们原文中的某几个点所涉及的问题我们读透了没有绝大多数推理题是原文意思的同义表达正确答案与原文之间没有任何推理关系做题方法:返回原文例:(潍坊)Ifyoudon’tlikelargecrowdsandlonglinesdotheoppositehereisanexample:mostpeoplegoonSaturdaysoronholidays,soavoidSaturdayandholidaysGotoweekdayswhenmostpeopleareatworkwhentherearelotsofpeoplewaitinginthelinetoseethemostpopularattractions,what’syourbestchoiceAIwillwaitlineasotherpeopledoBIwillgobackandreturntomorrowCIwillvisitthelesscrowdedplacesinsteadDIwillsitonthebeachtohavearestforabouttwoorthreehours例:(南京)ComeandvisitourwebsiteatwwwballantinebookscomorcometoBallantinebookshop,youwillhaveabigsurprisewhatdoyouthinkthepassageisAanovelBamenuCadiaryDanadvertisement四、主旨大意题标志:besttitlemainideamainproblem整体思路:要有“胸怀”从整体出发因为错误的选项项一般都是:从文中某些(不完全的)事实或细节以及由片面事实推出的错误结论非文章事实的主观判断做题方法:找中心句自然段多:联系中心句找和中心句最贴近自然段少:抓首段和其余各段的第一句话把其意思连接成一个整体。要注意总结性的提示词和转折词特别要注意中心句。快速作文法:依据选项、快速作文、与原文核对例:(天津)AfterbecomingapartoftheSuns,RonimprovedquicklyBasketballwaslikemedicineforhimAndwheneverRonbecamedepressedorangry,SunnywastheretoencourageandhelphimThedaybeforeRonleftthecenter,hehaddinnerwithSunnyHeaskedSunnyhowhemanagedtobegenerousandcheerful,evenwithhisparalysisSunnysmiledandsaid,“It’sreallyquiteeasyWhenyoukeepyourfacetothesun,theshadows(阴影)fallbehind”WhatisthemostimportantthingwecanlearnfromthestoryABasketballcanteachpeopleaboutlifeBKeepsmilingwhenyoufacedifficultiesCLifeismoredifficultfortheparalyzedDSkiingismoredangerousthanbasketball北京)Thesearethestepstofollowwhenyouarereadingsomethingdifficult:例(Starttoreadnormallyuntilyourunintoasentencethatdoesn’tmakesensetoyouWhenasentencedoesn’tmakesense,gobackandreaditagainmoreslowlyLookforanywordyoudon’tknowinthesentenceTrytounderstandtheirmeaningsusingwordpartsandcontextclues(上下文线索)Ifnecessary,lookthemupinthedictionaryLookatthenextfewsentencestoseeiftheyexplainmoreaboutthesentenceyouareworkingonDonotreadverymuchfartheraheaduntilyouunderstandwhatisbeingsaidFinally,readthesentenceagainTrytoputitintosimplerwordsReadthroughthepassageonceTrytounderstandallthehardpartswellThenreadthewholepassageoncemoreatausualspeedThishelpsyoutoputallidestogetherThemassageismainlyaboutAstepsofstudyingscienceBdifficultiesinreadingscienceCwaysofreadingsciencepassagesDresearchesonscienceandEnglish

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