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首页 ancient world map

ancient world map.doc

ancient world map

hu美丽h
2018-04-30 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《ancient world mapdoc》,可适用于社会民生领域

ancientworldmapSecond,theCambrianpernolmainlandAsiaandthecollapseofthebigbanglifeIntheCambrian,animalswithhardshellsinlargequantitiesforthefirsttime,manyofthecontinentswerefloodedbyshallowseas,thesupercontinentofGondwana(Gondwana)areformedneartheSouthPoleFormedinthelatePrecambrian(aboutsixhundredmillionyearsago)ofthesupercontinentpernol(Pannotia),atthebeginningofthePaleozoictimedivision,anewoldAtlanticOcean(IapetusOcean)inlauren(Laurentia,NorthAmerica),Baltic(Baltica,northernEurope)andSiberia(Siberia)expansionbetweentheseveralancientcontinent(GondwanasupercontinentofGondwana)inthepanafricanfoldbeltatthetimethelargestcontinent,rangingfromtheequatortotheSouthPoleThird,ordovicianfromwarmtocoldInordovicianperiod,thewarmwaterlimestoneandgypsumprecipitationintheequatorialregionsofgondwanacontinent(Australia,Australia,India,India,China,ChinaandAntarcticaAntarctica),andintherestofgondwanacontinentofAntarctica,AfricaandSouthAfricaAmericaSouthAmerica)areprecipitatedtheglaciericesedimentationandfloatingdebrisInordovicianperiod,theancientsealaurenAsia(Laurentia),polo,Baltica,SiberiaandGondwana(Gondwana)(Siberia)theseancientcontinentaldivideBytheendofordovician,climateintooneofthecoldestperiodonearth,snowcoveredthewholeofthesouthernhalfofgondwanacontinentInordovician,manytensilefracturebasinmakestheancientcontinentlaurenjosiah,polo,Siberiaandtheseparationofgondwanacontinent,includingancientAtlantic(IapetusOcean)separatedfromtheBalticandtheSiberiancontinent,closedsincetheAtlanticOcean,formedthecaledonianmountain(CaledonideMts)theAppalachianmountainsandnorth(AppalachianMts)AndtheancientMediterranean(PaleoTeyhysOcean)thegondwanacontinentfromtheBalticandtheSiberiancontinentaldividethe,thegiantancientoceans(PanthalassicOcean)arecoveredwhenmostofthenorthernhemisphereIntheordovician"icehouse"endoftheworld,hasenteredagreaticeageCanachievekm,thethicknessoftheicesheetcoveringthemost(Africa)ofnorthernandcentralAfricaandpartsofSouthAmerica(Amazonia,theamazonbasin)Icecapfromtheicecoldmeltwater,freezetheworld'soceans,leadtolifeinalargenumberofcreaturesneartheequatorwarmwaterspeciesextinctionFour,silurian,caledonianfoldbelt,theoriginofthefishandthefirstlandplantsLauren(josiahLaurentia)collisionswithpolocontinent(Baltica),makestheAtlantic(IapetusOcean)ofthenorthbranchisclosed,andformedthe"OldRedSandstone(OldRedSandstone)continentCoralreefsaroundexpansion,terrestrialplantsbegantomainlandbarren"migration"Inthemiddleofthepalaeozoic(somefourhundredmillionyearsago),ancientAtlanticclosedthatlaurenwithBalticcontinentalcollisionAppearedinmanypartsofthecontinentalcollision,theoverlyingcontinentalmarginarcmovement,ledtotheScandinavianpeninsula(Scandinavia)onthecaledonianmountain(CaledonideMts)isformed,andthe(GreatBritain),innorthernGreenland(Greenland),andtotheNorthoftheeastcoastofNorthAmerica(NorthAmerica)theAppalachianmountains(AppalachianMts)areformedatthesametimeAlsointhemiddleofthePaleozoic,verysimilarcasesinNorthChinalandmass(NorthChina)andSouthChinacontinentalblock(SouthChina)sincetheGondwanacontinent(Gondwana)"IndiaAustralia"(IndiaAustralia)edgedriftedapart,movingNorthandacrosstheancientMediterranean(PaleotethysOcean)FromtheearlyPaleozoictomiddle,widerangeofancientoceans(PanthalassicOcean)iscoveredmostofthenorthernhemisphere,atthesametimearoundtheseaaroundtheplatesubductionzone,muchliketoday'saroundthePacific"ringoffire"(ringofthefire)Five,thepreludetodevonian,hercynianmovement,andtheoriginoftheamphibians,theforestbegantoemergeClosedearlyPaleozoicMarineindevonianperiod,forming"pangu"(Pangea)ofmainlandChinaFreshwaterfishstartedfromthesouthernhemispherelandtomigratetoNorthAmerica(NorthAmerica)andEurope(Europe)ForestisthefirsttimeappearintheequatorialregionsofancientCanada(Canada,nearthearctictoday)Devonianperiodbelongstotheworldofthe"fish",chinevolvedintheearlydevonianhavefishinthelatedevoniantobecomethetoppredatorsPlantsatthistimealsobegantoappearalotofonland,atthesametimetheearliest"coal",formedinthetropicalswampareaiscoveredmostoftheislands,thenorthnearCanadapolarGreenlandtoday(Greenland)andScandinavian(Scandinavia),etcTheoriginofthesixreptiles,earlycarboniferousepochandtheformationofcoal,theiceagainIntheearlycarboniferous,continentalEuropeandtheUnitedStates(Euramerica)andGondwanacontinent(Gondwana)betweenthePaleozoicMarinebegantoclose,formedtheAppalachianmountains(AppalachianMts)andvailixiasmountains(VariscanMts)(Antarctica)begantoformattheSouthPoleicecapatthesametime,thefourleggedreptilessuccessional,equatorialregionsbegintoformcoalswampSeven,thelatecarboniferoustotheequatorialrainforestandtheAntarcticicesheet,theprototypeofpangeaDuringthelatecarboniferous,ofNorthAmericaandnorthernEuropecontinentandthesouthernGondwanacontinentalcollision(Gondwana),formedthePangea(Pangea)westernhalfSnowandicecoveredtheThaiatthistimeandahalfofthesouthernhemisphere,whilehugemaraiscoalfieldformedneartheequatorBytheendofthePaleozoic,mostofthetimeinpernol(Pannotia)supercontinentheduringopenocean,areduetothecollisionbetweenthemainlandandthemainlandlater,andformanewsupercontinentpangu(Pangea)afterrunningoutCenteredaroundtheequator,pangeaextendfromtheSouthPoletotheNorthPole,andtheancientMediterranean(PaleoTethysOcean)andancient(panthalassic)spaceintheeastandwestonbothsidesofthePacificOceanDuringthelatecarboniferoustoearlyPermian,theSouthofpangea(includingSouthAmericaSouthofSouthAmerica,Africa,southernAfrica,Antarctica,IndiaIndia,southernIndiaandAustralia,Antarctica)AustraliaiscoveredwithiceEvidencealsoshowsthatinthelatePermian,thearcticicecapineasternSiberia(Siberia)Atthesametimeinthelatecarboniferousperiod,islocatedinthemiddleofpangeabroadmountainshasformedtheequatorialhighland,localandbecomethesceneoftheequatorialrainforestformthecoalInthemiddleofthePermian,pangucentralmountainsnorthmovedtoNorthAmericaandnorthernEuropetheinternaldryclimatezone,becomesimilartotheweatherofthedesertFromthemountainsriseblockstheequatorwindbeltwaftofwatervaporTheword"pangu"means"allthemainland",althoughwecalled"pangu"ofthesupercontinentformedinlatePaleozoic,butthesupercontinentinthethenstillseemsnotcontainalloftheland,ontherightsideoftheeasternhemispheretheancientMediterranean,thereisstillaseparationinthemainland'slandTheseisSouthChina,NorthChinalandmass(SouthandNorthChina),andalong"windshield"shapedsheenhasmainland(Cimmeria)SimbahasincludedmainlandhaveTurkey(Turkey),yi(irfan),Afghanistan(Afghanistan),Tibet(tibet),Indochina(Indochina)andMalaya(Malaya)ThecontinentseemstobealatestonecarbontoearlyPermianperiod,fromGondwanacontinent(Gondwana)"IndiaAustralia"(IndiaAustralia)ontheedgeofseparationCombinedtheChinesecontinentalblocks,ideaofcontinentsmovetowardnorthEurasia,finallyinlateTriassic,hitthesouthedgeoftheSiberia(Siberia)HencethesebrokeninAsiacontinentalaftercrashintoeachother,allthelandintheworldandalljoinedthesupercontinent,FormtheveritablepangeaEight,thePermiandesertcoveredmainlandandthecomingoftheextinctionthePermianperiod,hugedesertcoversPangea(Pangea)westernhalf,atthesameIntime,theentiresurfaceofthesupercontinentreptilesdistributionButattheendofthePaleozoicera,ofthelifeontheeartharesubjectedtoextinctioneventofdisasterNine,Triassic,pangeamoldingandtheoriginoftheoccurrenceofdinosaurs,mammalsAboutintheTriassicperiodofPangea(Pangea),makesthelandanimalstomigratingfromtheSouthPoletothearcticInlifeafterPermianTriassicmassextinction,restartdiversity,richriseAtthesametimewarmwaterspeciesdistributionacrossthewholeoftheancientMediterraneanMadeupbypiecesofpangea,itbeganintheformationofdevonianperiod,throughthecontinuouscollisionbetweenmainlandandthemainlandeachother,untilthelateTriassic,ledtotheformingofthesupercontinentTen,earlyJurassicapreludetothedisintegrationoftheindosinianmovement,theoriginofbirdsPangeadidnotimmediatelyhe,itissimilartothethreephasesplitintosmallerlandmassThefirststageinthemiddleoftheJurassic(aboutonehundredandeightymillionyearsago),tensilefractureactivitytobeginThroughaphase,alongtheNorthAmerica(NorthAmerica),Africa(Africa)northwestandeastAtlantic(AtlanticOcean)inthecenteroftheigneousactivity,willbetothenorthwestofNorthAmericaFarawayfromeachotheratthesametimeinSouthAmericaandNorthAmerica,theGulfofMexico(GulfofMexico)begantoformAtthesametime,intheothersideoftheAfrica,duetotheextensioninEastAfrica,theSouthPole(Antarctica)andMadagascar(Matagascar)boundaryofthevolcaniceruption,forecastthewesternIndianOcean(WestIndianOcean)IntheperiodoftheMesozoic,NorthAmericaandEurasiaisthesamecontinent,wesometimescalllauren(Laurentia)WhenthecentralAtlanticstartsplitting,laurenAsiacontinentYuShishunclockwise,pushNorthAmericatothenorth,EurasiamovedsouthwardEarlyJurassiccoalineastAsiaalotnolongersee,becauseoftheAsiancontinentandwetclimatezonetothesubtropicaldryarea,soinsteadoflateJurassicdesertandsaltdepositsLaurenAsiacontinenttheclockwisemovement,ledtotheoriginalsplititfromgondwanacontinentofvshapedancientMediterranean(PaleoTethysOcean)begantocloseIntheearlyJurassic,theSoutheastAsia(SoutheastAsia)polymerizationAbroadancientMediterraneanSeatothenorthofmainlandandGondwanacontinent(Gondwana)separatedintwoplacesWhilePangea(Pangea)isstillashutoutmotionless,buttheearlieststoriesaboutthesplithasbeencanvaguelyheardit,middleandlateJurassic,thebirthoftheAtlanticPangea(Pangea)division,thestartofthemiddleJurassictolateJurassictheCentralAtlantic(CentralAtlanticOcean)havetumbledintoanarrowsea,separatingtheeasternNorthAmericaandNorthAmericaEastbuttewana(Gondwana)atthesametimealsowithwesternGondwanabegantosplit,theearlycretaceous,thebreakupofgondwanaandtheexpansionoftheshallowwater,theRockyMountainstoformDuringthecretaceousperiod,theSouthAtlantic(theSouthAtlanticOcean)openIndia(India)fromMadagascar(Matagascar)separation,andacceleratetothenorth,tothelocationoftheEurasia,EurasiacollisionItisworthnotingthattheNorthAmerica(NorthAmerica)andEuropeatthemomentstillconnected,andAustralia(Australia)atthistimealsobelongtoapartofAntarctica(Antarctica)Pangea(Pangea)divisionofthesecondphasebeganintheearlycretaceous,aboutonehundredandfortymillionyearsagoGondwanacontinent(Gondwana)constantlybecomebroken,includingthesouthAtlantictumbled,separatedfromSouthAmericaandAfricaAndIndiaandMadagascarfromAntarcticadriftedaparttogetherAlsooccurredinwestAustraliaeastIndianOceantensilefracture,andsoonSouthAtlanticdidnotimmediatelyopenatthistime,butlikeunzippedgraduallyfromsouthtonorthisopenThisisalsowhythesouthAtlanticrelativelywideInaddition,therearesomeimportanttectoniceventstookplaceinthecretaceousperiodThisincludes:NorthAmericaandEuropebegantodriftapart,theIberianpeninsula(Iberia)counterclockwisetoleaveFrance(France),separatingIndiafromMadagascar,CubaandheathoftheCubaMrMourinhopull(struck,thewestIndies)fromthePacificOcean(PacificOcean)derived,Rockymountains(Rockymountains)rise,exoticpieceofblue,lu(Wrangellia,nearAlaska),StevegoldenVirginianear(Stikinia,Canada)toarriveatthenorthwestmarginCretaceousperiodoftheglobalclimateissimilartoJurassicandTriassicperiod,muchwarmerthanitistodayDinosaursandpalmtreescanappearintheArcticCircle(Artic)today,theSouthPole(Antarctica)andAustralia(Australia)inthesouthAlthoughtheremaybesomeearlycretaceousperiodofthepolaricecaps,buttheMesozoichasanymassiveicecapCretaceousperiodsomildweatherconditions,partlybecauseofshallowwatercoversmostofthelandWarmwatercanbetransportedbynorthfromtheequatorregion,bringwarmthtothepolarregionTheshallowwateratthesametime,itmakessomepartsoftheclimatemild,justliketoday'sMediterraneancanimprovetheclimateofEuropeasusefulBecausetheseasurfaceheight~metershigherthantoday,maketheshallowseatocovermanylandHighonthesurfaceofthewaterstartsplitting,inpartbecauseofthenewbasinridgereplacedwaterintheoceans,makesthewaterspilleduponthelandCretaceousisalsofastspurtedperiodofbasin,duetotheirbroadshapeandtheridgeintherapidlyexpandingandreplacemorewater,sointheperiodofrapidexpansioninseabed,willtendtoriseofsealevel,thelatecretaceousIndiacontinentalblocksnorthwardandshallowseacontinuestoexpand,thedinosaursPointedoutjusttheeyesmarksthelocationofthekhosla"Chicxulubimpactsite,thediameterofmile(km)asaresult,thesizeofcometsleadtoglobalclimatechange,killedthedinosaursandmanyotherformsoflifeSeainlatecretaceousbecomemorebroad,andIndia(India)isbecomingmoreandmoreclosetothesouthernAsia(Asia),theformationoftheqinghaitibetplateauinpaleogeneandthedisappearanceoftheancientMediterraneanAboutfiftymilliontofiftyfivemillionyearsago,India(India)begantohitthencontinent(Asia),(sect)formedontheTibetanplateauandtheHimalayasAsia(Himalayas)OriginallylinkedtotheAntarcticcontinent(Antarctica)Australia(Australia),thelandatthistimealsostartedtodriftquicklytothenorthPangea(Pangea)thedivisionofthethirdstage,andfinalstage,beganintheearlyCenozoicNorthAmerica(NorthAmerica)andGreenland(Greenland)(Europe)driftedapartfromEurope,thecontinentreleaseAustralianlandmass,releaseoftheIndiaplateasfiftymillionyearsago,thenquicklymovingNorthandintosoutheastAsia'spositionTodaymostofthesplittingactivities,bothoccurredtwentymillionyearsago,include:RedSea(RedSea)oftensilefracturemaketheArabianpeninsula(matter)(Africa)driftedapartfromAfrica,eastAfrica,tensilefracturesystem,andtheSea(JapanSea)oftensilefracture,Japan'smovetotheeastintothePacific(PacificOcean),andtheGulfofCalifornia(GulfofCalifornia)intheopen,innorthernMexico(Mexico)andCalifornia(California)northwardmovementtogetherAlthoughmanynewbasinduringCenozoicopen,butthepastsixtysixmillionyearsofearthhistoryisthemainlandintheeraofthefiercecollisionOnlyafewtimesinthehistoryoftheearth'seversocoldasinthepastfivehundredyears

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