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首页 绵萆薢《中国药典》(Continous Bi Xie Chinese pharmacopoeia…

绵萆薢《中国药典》(Continous Bi Xie Chinese pharmacopoeia).doc

绵萆薢《中国药典》(Continous Bi Xie Chin…

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2018-04-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《绵萆薢《中国药典》(Continous Bi Xie Chinese pharmacopoeia)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

绵萆薢《中国药典》(ContinousBiXieChinesepharmacopoeia)绵萆薢《中国药典》(ContinousBiXieChinesepharmacopoeia)ContinousBiXie"Chinesepharmacopoeia":cottonBiXiepinyinnameMianBiXieEnglishnameRHIZOMADIOSCOREAESEPTEMLOBAE【origin】thisproductisayamplantcottonBiXieDioscoreaseptemlobaThunb,orfuzhouyamDioscoreafutschauensisUlineexrkunthdriedrootsInautumnandwinter,removetheroot,wash,sliceanddry【character】thisproductisanirregularobliqueslice,theedgeisnotneat,thesizeisdifferent,thick~mmYellowishbrowntotan,withsparsefibrousrootresidues,aconicalbulgeFacetedgraytograyishbrown,yellowishbrowndottedvascularbundlesItislooseandspongyTheairissmallandthetasteisbitter【identify】thepowderisyellowishbrownManystarchgrainsandsinglegrainovoid,oval,round,triangleorirregularshape,someendtips,itissometumor,tomicronsindiameter,umbiliccrackshape,herringboneshape,dot,mostlayerofgrainisnotobviousCalciumoxalateneedlecrystals,~mumlongThinwalledcellspolygonal,ellipticoroblong,wallslightlythickened,perforatedCorkcellsbrownyellow,polygonal,wallstraightsexualtastebitter,flatItisthekidneyandthestomachThefunctioniscuredbythemoistureandthewindItisusedforthebleachingofgonorrhoea,excessiveinwhite,hotandhumid,andpaininthewaistusage~gStorageanddraughtdryplaceexcerptChinesepharmacopoeiaThefirstpageThe*dictionary:cottonBiXiepinyinnameMianBiXieEnglishnameRhizomaDioscoreaeSeptemlobae"Alias"bigBiXie,BiXieTherootsofDioscoreaseptemlobaThunbAutumn,wintermining,removetheroot,wash,slicedryprimitiveformperennialentwinedvinesStemleft,cylindricalLeavessimple,alternate,leafshapevariationislarger,sometimesastrainsfrombasetotopallfortriangularcordate,marginentireormicrowave,abovebywhitehirsute,sometimespalmatebasecordate,margin~deepcrack,crackorshallowcrack,tothetopofthetriangleshapedlikeaheart,donotcrack,mostveinsand,after(thesameblackThemaleisaconicalsequence,andthefemaleisprolapseinconicCapsulewideovate,withwingslengthof~cm,width~cm,drybrownFloweringperiodfromJunetoAugust,fruitingperiodfromJulytoOctoberHabitatdistribution:inaforestorthicketZhejiang,fujian,jiangxichemicalingredientsincludedioscin,slenderdioscin,andtheother,protodioscin,protogracillin,kikubasaponin,andmethylprotoninesaponinsSexualtaste:sexualandbitterThefunctioniscuredbythemoistureandthewind【note】thesameplantinfuzhouyamDfutschauensisVlinerootswithacontinousBiXiemedicineexcerptthedictionaryThefirstpage"TheChinesematerialmedica:cottonBiXiepinyinnameMianBiXieEnglishnameSeverlobedYam"Alias"dustpanhopper,themountainsdustpan,potato,dogfeces,bigtreeBiXiesourceMedicinalmaterialbasesource:foryamplantcottonBiXieorfuzhouyamrhizomeDioscoreaseptemlobaJQXI,mmizunoetwlzhaoDioscoreafutschuensisUlineexRKHarvestandstorage:autumnandwintermining,removetheroot,wash,sliceanddryPutinadraughtdryplaceTheoriginalform】【cottonBiXiePerennialtwiningherbvineRhizometransverse,branched,large,cmindiameter,looseafterdry,spongy,yellowishyellow,andmostslenderfibrousrootStemleft,cylindricalSingleleafalternateLeafbladeslightlyleathery,morphologicalchangeislarger,basalleafpalpatedeepheart,upperleafovate,marginwavyorwholemargin,thefollowingmeshveinsareobvious,bothsidesarewhitehardhairMaleflowersequenceaxillary,totalshape,maleflowershavepeduncle,andtheflowersaremmlongTheflowersarefreshandorange,dryandbrownStamens,sometimesonlyWhenthecapsuleismature,theantibendingdrooping,thewingsarealmostsemicircular,thefrontendmicroconcave,thebasecircle,cmlong,andaboutcmwideSeedoblongovoid,mmindiameter,thinfilmwingsaroundFloweringperiodJuneJuly,fruitingperiodoctFuzhoudiosineperennialsareentwinedwithvinesTherootsgosideways,irregularlongcylindrical,andyellowishbrownStemslefthandedSingleleafalternateLeafbladeslightlyleathery,theshapevariesgreatly,baseleafpalmatoiddeepheart,unequal,shallowfissure,upperleafovatetriangleMarginwavyorneartotal,thefollowingmeshveinsareobvious,andthetwohairsarewhiteandhardMaleflowersequenceaxillary,totalshape,maleflowerhaspeduncle,withcorollatotallengthmmCorollafreshandorange,dryandbrownStamens,sometimesonlyThecapsuleismatureandantibending,thewingisalmostsemicircular,apexconcave,endbasecircle,cmlong,cmwideSeedoblongovoid,mmindiameter,thinfilmwingsaroundFloweringperiodJuneJuly,fruitingperiodocthabitatdistributionEcologicalenvironment:ThecottonBiXiewasborninanaltitudeofmhillroadinthinforestsorthicketsResourcedistribution:ThecottonBiXieLocatedinzhejiang,jiangxi,fujian,hubei,hunan,guangdongandjiangxi【properties】()cottonleatherXieRhizomeforlongitudinalcuttingorcuttingdiscs,sizes,mmthickTheouterskinisyellowbrown,thicker,theperipheryismorecurly,thecutsurfaceispaleyellowandwhite,coarseThereareyellowandbrowndottedvascularbundlesLoose,slightlyspongyIt'sverysmallandverybitter()therootstemsofyamsinfuzhouareirregularlongcylindrical,cmlongandcmindiameterThesurfaceisuneven,brownish,withirregularshriveledcrochetedandscatteredtuberoustuberousstemsHard,hardtobreakThegoodsareslicedthin,thickmmthick,withgrayoryellowishinsections,powderyandscatteredwithdottedvascularbundlesThequalityisloose,slightlyspongyIt'sverysmallandverybitterMicroscopicidentificationRhizomestransversesection()thecottonleatherXieTheoutersequencescorkcellsTherearemucouscellsinthecortex,mum,aboutmuofmindiameter,withcalciumoxalateneedlecrystalbundles,vascularbundlesscatteredin,andtoughtype,Thereisacleargapbetweenthecorticalandcentralparenchymacells,whichcontainstarchgranules,roundorovoid,mum,umbilicalpoint()thefuzhouBiyamandcottonXieissimilarThecorticalcellsatthebottomofthecelllayerareligneousandperforatedThestarchgranuleislarger,withalengthofmum,andtheshortdiametermum,andtheumbilicalpointtransversefissurePowdercharacteristics:yellowishbrownStarchgranules,singleovate,ovalClassround,triangleorirregularshape,someoftheendpoint,someofthesainttumor,diametermum,umbilicalpointcrack,personwordshape,dot,layerwenisnotobviousCalciumoxalateneedlesarepolymorphic,mumThinwalledcellspolygonal,ellipticoroblong,wallslightlythickened,perforatedWoodcolumncellbrownyellow,polygonal,wallstraight【chemicalcomposition】therootofpotatoinfuzhouissteroidsaponins,whiteflowerlonggrassglycoside(trillin),dioscin,slenderdioscin(gracillin)Diosgenin(diosgenin),betasitosterol,diosgeninpalmitate(diosgeninpalmitate),diosgeninpalmitate,deltadeoxytigogeninidentifyPhysicalandchemicaldifferentiation()takepowderg,addwaterml,watersolubleheatmin,filteredTakethefiltratemlofthetubeandshakeitforminProducealargenumberofcellularfoam,placeminutes,foamdoesnothaveobviousdisappear(checkthesoaptype)()taketheabovefiltrate,addredbloodcellsuspensiondrops,placeforafewminutes,thebloodcellsgraduallydissolveandmakethesolutionredandtransparent(checksaponins)()taketheproductpowderg,addethanoltoheatextraction,filterThefiltrateissteamedtoethanol,cold,residuedissolvedinasmallamountofaceticacid,plusaceticanhydrideandconcentratedsulfuricacid,shouldbeBurgundy()thinlayerchromatographytakesgofthepowder,molLhydrochloricacidisaboutml,andthehydrolysishishydrolyzedResiduewashedwithwatertoneutral,vacuumdryingh,andpetroleumether()refluxextractionh,extractandchloroformafterdrymlsolutionfortheselectedliquidInaddition,itwasusedtomakeacontrolofLMGineverymlofdiosgenin,diosgenin,andmonosterdienecontrolEachofthemulpointsisonthesamesilicagelCMCplate,withchloroformacetone(:),sprayphosphorusmolybdate,andheatthecolorThechromatogramshowedthesamebluespotsasthecorrespondingchromatogramsexualtastebitterSheenflatfunctionalprimarytreatmentrheumatismLishiturbidityTheswellingMainrheumatismWaistkneepainCloudywithurineShowerdrainleucorrheausagedosageinternal:decoction,gOrleachliquorOrshot=scatteredExternaluse:moderateamount,freshproductrammingclinicalapplicationisusedforthebleachingofgonorrhoea,excessiveinwhite,hotandhumid,andpaininthewaistextract"Chineseorigin"

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绵萆薢《中国药典》(Continous Bi Xie Chinese pharmacopoeia)

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