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首页 Chinese Long and western dragon

Chinese Long and western dragon.doc

Chinese Long and western dragon

瓜姐Sandyr8
2019-05-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Chinese Long and western dragondoc》,可适用于外语资料领域

IIntroductionChinaisanoldcivilizationwith,yearsofsplendidtraditionalcultureChinesecultureisuniversallyacknowledgedastheoldestcontinuouscultureintheworldThoughinhistoryChinawasmorethanonceundertheruleofborderethnicminorities,theessentialqualitiesofChinesecultureremainedunchangedChinesecultureisuniqueinthatitflourishedwhileabsorbingtheculturesofthoseethnicminoritiesWiththedevelopmentofglobe,economyandculturesofdifferentcountriesintheworldhavealsodeveloped,ofcourse,includingChinaThecommunicationofeconomyandculturesbetweenChinaandthewesterncountriesbecomesmoreandmore,inwhich,theyabsorbtheessencesofdifferentculturesofeachotherForexample,therearemanyChinesepeoplewhobecometocelebratetheLover’sDay,ChristmasDay,andsoonThesefestivalsbelongedtothewesterncultureatthebeginningSimilarly,nowadays,therearemanypeopleofthewesterncountrieswhoalsocelebratetheSpringFestival,themostimportantfestivalofChinaHowever,withthecommunicationofdifferentcultures,aphenomenonappearsatthesametimeWhat’sthephenomenonIt’sxercisemagicpowerstosummonwindandrain,peopleusuallyprayHimforrainandwaterwhenweatherhasforlongbeendryButwhenafloodoccurs,peoplewillalsoprayHimtostopthedisasterSoLongisthesymbolofluckWhiletheKingLongissupposedtodominatetheWaterWorld,hissontheGreenLongismagicenoughtomakefire,andhisdaughtertheJadeLongisabletomakethecomingofbeautifulsnowBesidesthesymbolofluck,LonghasoftenbeenthoughtasthesymbolofpowerEmperorsduringancienttimescalledthemselves“真龙天子”(TheTrueLongthesonofHeaven),andtheywereimagedasLongandwereconstantlyworshippedSolegendgoesthat,afterhisdeath,anemperorwillbecomeimmortalandrideonaLongtowardsHeavenInChineselanguage,anemperorisoftentheassociationofLongForexample,“龙颜”(longyan,facialfeaturesofemperor),“龙体”(longti,theemperor’shealth),“龙床”(longchuang,theemperor’sbed),“龙袍”(longpao,yellowgownembroideredwithLongforanemperor),etcDefinitionandsymbolizationofwesterndragonTowesternculture,thedragonissaidtobealargefierceanimalwithtwohugeunguis,wingsandalongtail,whosewholebodyiscoveredbysquamaeandwhosefacejustlikecrocodile’sItisalwaysconsideredasaevilsymbol,anditcanswim,flyaswellasbreatheoutfireAtancienttimes,thedragonwasasymbolofevil,asinister,hellishandferociousmonsterthatdestroyedthelifeofhumanandthereforemustbedestroyedSeveralstoriesofsaintsorheroesdealwithstrugglesagainstthedragons,keeperorholderoftreasureandbeautifulprincess,whichinmostcasesareslainintheendItissaidtheearlieststoryaboutthewestern“dragon”canbesearchedintheancientGreekmythologyThedragonwasalsoasymbolofevilInaword,thedragonisafiercemonster,andisgreatlyharmfultohumankindItmustbedestroyedThewesternpeoplealwaysconsiderthedragonasaevilsymbol,andconsidertheherowhokills,destroysthedragonasasaint,andwhoisworshippedbyhumanbeingsLuckvsEvilChineseLongandwesterndragonareabsolutelydifferent,whichweknowclearlyFromoneangleofimagesofChineseLongandwesterndragon,wecanknowthatLonganddragoncanalsofly,however,Longhasnotwingsbut“尺木”(afinonLong’shead)Besides,itissaidthatLongismadeupofthepartsofhundredkindsofanimals,itisthekingofallanimalsHowever,itissaidthatthedragon’sfacejustlikescrocodile’s,itcanswim,flyandbreatheoutfireItistheanimalthatisgoodatdestroyingeverythingwithitshugeunguis,longtailandthefireitbreathesoutItisdevilincarnationFromanotherangleofsymbolsofChineseLongandwesterndragon,wecanknowthatLongissymbolofluckandpower,butdragonisaevilsymbolWecanseefromlegendsthatChineseLongcansummonwindandrainforpeoplewhousuallyprayHimforwaterwhenweatherhasforlongbeendry,andLongisthefavoriteanimalofemperorswhousuallyimagethemselvesasLong,forLongisimmortal,holyandsacredNevertheless,westerndragonisjustaanimalthatdestroyswithbreathingoutfireandmustbedestroyedItisthesymbolofevil,andistheincarnationofJudasandSatanOneisaluckyanimal,ChineseLong,whichisworshippedbypeopleanotherisaevilsymbol,westerndragon,whichmustbekilledbyhumanLonganddragonaretwoabsolutelydifferentanimalsandsymbolsAsChinese,thedescendantsofLong,weshouldaddressLongasLong,anddevelopandexpandourtraditional,uniqueChineseculturethecultureofChineseLongDifferencesinculturalembodimentsGenerallyspeaking,indifferentcultures,thesamethingwouldhavedifferentmeanings,letalonetwoabsolutelydifferentthingsSolet’ssearchforthedifferencesbetweenChineseLongandwesterndragonindifferentculturalembodimentstogetherEmbodimentsofChineseLonginfolkwaycultureSinceChinahadbeenundertheruleoffeudalismforthousandsofyears,“power”and“monopoly”werethefirstprioritiesforthewholestateAtthattime,Longwasalsomonopolizedbyemperors,justbecauseLongwasthesymbolofpowerHowever,fromancienttimestonow,Longisalwaysconsideredasagodandaluckysymbolinthefolkwayculture,forLongcanbringharvestandwealth,healthandhappinessAllofpeopleworshipthegodLongAllofthesewecanseefromtheembodimentsofLonginfolkwaycultureBasedonthefolklore,weallknowthatLongisagodwhocansummonwindandrainforpeopleWhentheweatherisnotsuitableforfarmingontheland,peoplealwayspraytheKingLongforthegoodweather,whichcanbringtheharvestofcropsIntraditionalChinesefestivals,therearethefestivalstothankorsacrificetheKingLongforthehelptopeopleForexample,thenddayonthendlunarmonth,isthetraditionalChinesefestivalcalled“龙抬头”(longtaitou)ThemeaningofthisfestivalisthatLong,thegodofwindandrain,alwaysraisesitsheadtobegintowokontheday,thenddayofthendlunarmonththatistosay,Longwouldreviveontheseconddayofthesecondlunarmonth,andwouldstartitsjobstocontrolthewindandrainItissaidthateveryyear,rainwillbemorefromthisdayonSo,fortheharvest,onthisdaymorning,everyfamilygetswaterfromriverorwells,andthencarriestwobucketsofwateronashoulderpolefromriverorwellstohome,carryinglanternsWhentheygethome,theywillbeusedtostartingtolamp,burnincense,andsacrificetheKingLongBesides,theywouldeatnodule,oilpastryandpopcornduringthewholedayThewayofcelebratingthefestivaliscalled“引田龙”,thatistosay,peopleattracttheKingLongtocometofarmlandtobringthecrops’harvestbycarryingwaterandlanternsAllofpeoplebelievethatthecropswillbehealthierandstrongerbythewayofcelebratingthefestivalBesidesthefestivalstothankorsacrificetheKingLong,therearemanyfestivalstocelebratehealthorhappinessbyusingthewaysrefertoLong,whichjustbecauseLongisthesymbolofluckForexample,“元宵节”(Yuanxiaojie,theLanternFestival)wasalsocalled“上元节”(Shangyuanjie,thefirstfullmooninanewyear)Thecelebrationofhappyreunionisusuallyontheeveningofthetheveningofthestlunarmonthinayear“舞龙”(wulong,allkindsofdanceswithLongakindofartisticworkismadeofpaperandbamboo),becomesamajordisplaytocelebratethehappyreunion,togetherwithmanyotheractivities,suchas“观灯”(guandeng,lanterndisplay),“猜灯谜”(caidengmi,riddleguessinlantern),“放焰火”(fangyanhuo,fireworksdisplay)and“吃元宵”(chiyuanxiao,eatsweetglutinousdumplings),etcAnd“端午节”(Duanwujie),thethdayofthethlunarmonthisthetraditionalChinesefestival“龙舟赛”(longzhousai,boatraces,theappearanceofboatlikesthefigureofLong)isholdontheriverasamajordisplaytocommemoratethegreatpoet“屈原”(QuYuan),afamousChinesepoetwhoisbelievedtohavediedbyjumpingintotheriveronthethdayofthethlunarmonthLongisnotonlythesymbolofluck,butthetotemofChinesepeopleInadditiontofestivals,wecanseeLonginthemanyimportantcustom,thetraditionalanduniqueChinesecustomForexample,inancientChina,people,inordertokeepinmemorytheiryearofbirth,usedtonameafter“十二生肖”(shiershengxiao,SymbolsAnimals)asawaytomatchthe“十二地支”(shierdizhi,EarthlyBranches)Thetwelveanimalsare:rat,ox,tiger,hare,Long,snake,horse,sheep,monkey,cock,dogandhogBesidesLong,afictionalanimalandamascotthatpeoplebelievein,othersareallcommonanimalsthatexistinrealworldFromtheWestHanDynastytoSouthernandNorthernDynasties,andeventonow,SymbolicAnimalshasbeenmuchlovedandpopularlyusedWhat’smore,peoplebelievethattheymayhavecomeoriginallyfromancients’worshiptoearliertotemsEmbodimentsofwesterndragoninlegendsAstotheembodimentsofwesterndragon,wecanintroducesomelegendsintheriverofwesterncultureInwhich,wecanfindthatdragonisaevilsymbol,isafiercemonsterthatmustbedestroyedbyabravehero,andisthesymbolofJudasandSatanItissaidtheearlieststoryaboutdragoncantracebacktothestoryoftheancientGreekmythologyAsancientGreektimes,thesonofZeus,Heracheswassaintwhoslaindemons,includingtheNineHeaddragon,HydraHydrawasafiercedragonandoftenatethewholeherdoflivestockaswellasdestroyedthefarmlandofherdsmenHydracouldbringdisastertopeopleItwasdifficulttoslaythedragon,becausethedragon’sheadwouldregrowdoublyafterbeingcutbyHerachesAttheend,Herachescutthenineheadsofthedragonwithhotsword,andslainitThenHeracheslaidthebloodofHydraonhissword,afterward,theswordbecamedivineThemostnotablestoryaboutslayingdragonperhapsisBeowulf,anAngloSaxonepicaroundtheyearofADBeowulf,nephewofthekingoftheGeats,heardthatHrothgar,aDanishKing,wasingreattroubleThekingdomofthekingwasharassedbyamonstercalledGrendelHeatoncesailedthere,grappledwiththemonster,andwoundeditfatallyThen,cameGrendel’smother,ashemonster,inrevengeofhersonBeowulffollowedhertoherunderwatercaveandkilledherwithagiantawardWiththesehonorshadwon,hereturnedtohishomelandandreignedasitskingforyearsThenafirebreathingdragoncameoutofitsdenandkilledmanypeopleThougholdnow,BeowulfstillkilleditsinghandedlyButhe,too,wasfatallywoundandlaterdiedBesides,itisalsosaidthatthedragonisthesymbolofJudasandSatan,becauseJudasandSatanarethebetrayersintheBibleInBibleStories,JudasisoneoftheTwelve,hebetrayedJudastothechiefpriestsBecauseofthis,PilatehandedJesusovertobecrucifiedAndinParadiseLost,Milton’smasterpiece,SatanisasymbolofevilParadiseLost,thestoryistakenfromtheOldTestament:SatanandotherangelsrebelledagainstGod,buttheyweredefeatedanddrivenfromHeavenintoHellEvenamidstthefurnaceofHell,SatanwasdeterminedtofightbackHeassumedtheshapeofasnakeandcametotheGardenofEden,aparadisewhereAdamandEvelivedGod,afterknowingSatan’splot,senttheArchangelRaphaeltowarnAdamandEveofSatanHowever,SatanstillsucceededinseducingEvetoeatthefruitfromtheTreeofknowledge,whichhadbeentotallyforbiddenbyGodAsaresult,AdamandEvewereexiledbyGodfromtheparadiseandthereafterlivedalifefullofhardshipHappinessvsSadnessFromtheembodimentsofChineseLonginfolkwaycultureandwesterndragoninfairytale,wecanseethatChineseLongisalwaysagoodsymbolPeopleconsiderLongasthegodofwindandrain,oftenprayHimtobringniceweathersoastogetharvest,health,andwealth,AndLongsymbolizesahappyreunion,becausepeoplealwaysholdLongdanceonimportantfestivaltheLanternFestival,asymbolofhappyreunionfestivalBesides,Longalsosymbolizesacomplexaffection,andinpeople’sminds,Longisaholyandsacredanimal,sopeopleliketocommemoratethegreatpeoplewiththewaysrelatedtoLongForexample,“龙舟赛”of“端午节”isoftenheldontherivertocommemoratethegreatpoetInfact,Longalsosymbolizesimportantmemory,forexample,whichyearyouwerebornin,andsoonHowever,wecanseewesterndragonfromthewesternlegends,dragonisusuallyawickedsymbol,anditoftenbringssadnesstopeopleInBeowulf,thepoemconveysahopethattherighteouswilltriumphovertheevil,dragonsymbolizestheevilandmakespeoplebeintroubleAndinParadiseLost,theonlygenerallyacknowledgedepicinEnglishliteraturesinceBeowulfandistakenfromtheBible,thethemeoftheepicisman’sdisobedienceandthelossofParadise,withitsprimecauseSatanwhorebelsagainstGod’sauthorityandtyranny,dragonsymbolizesSatanAllofsymbolsofdragonarewickedOneisasymbolofauspicious,ChineseLong,whichcanbringhappinesstopeopleanotherisasymbolofevil,westerndragon,whichcanbringsadnesstopeopleWegetthesameconclusionthatLonganddragonaretwoabsolutelydifferentanimalsandsymbolsWecanbesurethatasChinese,asthedescendantsofLong,weshouldaddressLongasLongandgivefullscopetoourtraditional,uniqueChineseculturethecultureofChineseLongDifferencesinideologyoriginActually,thedifferencesbetweenChinesecultureandwesterncultureaswellasthedifferencesbetweenChineseLongandwesterndragonarecausedbythedifferentsocialideologiesWell,whatarethedifferencesbetweenChinesesocialideologyandwesternsocialideologyLet’sseektheanswertogetherThecultureofChineseLongWeshoulddevelopandexpandthecultureofChineseLong,well,what’sthecultureTheansweristhatChinesepeoplearedescendantsofLong,theChinesetotemisLongandChinesepeopleallhavefaithintheBeliefthatUnificationandHarmonyofChineseLongAsChinese,weoftencallourselvesasthedescendantsofLong,butwhocantellthereasonsItissaidthatinChinesemythologies,theearliestancestorsofChinesenationareallsymbolsofLong庞进说:伏羲为龙种,女娲具龙性,黄帝黄龙体,炎帝乃龙子,夏禹是虬龙:这便构成了普天下所有的炎黄子孙,华夏儿女都称自己是龙的传人,龙的子孙的“根据”。(zhang,:)Thattellsusthat伏羲(fuxi,oneoftheearliestChineseancestors)isthesonofLong女娲(nvwa,oneoftheearliestChineseancestors)hasthecharacterofLong黄帝(huangdi,oneofthefirstleadersofChinesenation)hasthebodyofLong,thatistosay,huangdiistheincarnationofLong炎帝(yandi),thesameashuangdi,istheincarnationofLong禹(yv,oneleaderofXiaDynasty),iscalledqiuLong,thatmeanssmallLong,whichisthereasonwhyChinesepeoplecallourselvesthedescendantsofLongTheearliestancestorsofChinesenationarealldescendantsofLong,sothewholeChinesenationarethedescendantsofLongLongistheoriginofallChineseAsChinese,weallknowthatthetotemofChinesenationisLong,butwhocantellthereasonsagainTotemisacomplexculturalsymbolinearlytimeofChina,whichrelatestosocialsystem,religiousbeliefandnationalworshipTotemhasagreatinfluenceonthecultureinlateragesGenerallyspeaking,totemhasfouressentialfactors:firstly,totemmustbeanaturalobject,whichisconsideredasaprotectivegodofnationsecondly,thenaturalobjectmusthavebloodrelationshipwiththenationthirdly,thenaturalobjectmustbethehonorofthewholenationfourthly,thenaturalobjectisthesymbolofthewholenationLongisaholyanimal,isanaturalobjectandevenhashigherstatusthannaturalobjectInancienttimes,HannationalityconsideredLongasthegodofwindandrain,theprotectivegod,andconsideredthemselvesasthedescendantsofLongLongisthesymbolofluck,happiness,healthandwealth,whichisjustthesymbolofthewholenationalitySotheChinesenationconsidersandonlyconsidersLongasthetotemofwholenationfromancienttimestonowBecauseweareChinese,thedescendantsofLong,andweconsiderLongasthetotemofus,soweshoulddevelopandexpandthecultureofLongandgivefullscopetotheBeliefthatUnificationandHarmonyofChineseLong中国龙的合谐理念体现在四个方面:一是天人合一的宇宙观二是仁者爱人的互主体观三是阴阳交合的发展观(或叫变易观)四是兼容并包的文化观(zhang,:)。ThattellsusthattheBeliefofUnificationandHarmonyofChineseLongwhichembodiesfouraspectsonChineseculture:firstly,theviewpointofuniverseonunificationofnatureandhumansecondly,theviewpointofmutualityonharmonyofhumanthirdly,theviewpointofdevelopmentonconnection(unification)ofYinandYang(thetwoopposingprinciplesinnatureYin,feminineandnegativeYang,masculineandpositive)fourthly,theviewpointofcultureonabsorption(harmony)ofallkindsofcultureTheemphasisoftheconceptisunificationandharmony,whichistheideologyofthewholeChinesenationThecultureaboutwesterndragonFromwesterners’pointofview,theBibleisuniqueanditscontentandmoralareeventhesourceoftheideologyofwesternpeopleTheBiblehastheimmeasurableinfluenceonthethoughtsofwesternersandthewesterncultureinlateragesInBible,theGodcreatedallthingsoutofHimself,includingevilTherewasevilinHeavenPride,Lust,Wrath,andAvaricewerethereThewesternersoftensaythatapersonwasbornwithallsinsDuringthewholelifeofthem,theymustdomorekindandmustsufferfrommoresoastowashawaytheirsinsThisistheSayingofOriginalSinWecanseefromwhathavediscussed,dragonisaevilsymbol,anddragonalsosymbolizesallsins:Pride,Lust,Wrath,andAvariceDragonisalwaysthesymbolofsinisterobjects,isthesymbolofallthesinsthatpeoplemustfightagainstandwashawayForexample,inBeowulf,thefirebreathingdragon,thesymboloftheforcesofthenaturalworld,wasslainbyBeowulfintheendofthispoemThematically,thispoemshowshowtheprimitivepeoplefightagainsttheforcesofthenaturalworldunderawiseandmightyleaderAndinParadiseLost,thethemeoftheepicisman’sdisobedienceandthelossofParadise,withitsprimecauseSatanwhorebelsagainstGod’sauthorityandtyrannyWesternersalwaysconsiderdragonasthesymbolofSatan,fordragonalwaysmakeshumanbeintroubleHumanmustdestroydragonanddestroyeverythingisevil,justforwashingawaythesinswhichturnsupwhenhumanisborn,andfordefeatingtheforcesofthenaturalworldFromwesternideologyterm,wecanfindthemainideaoftheideologyintheessenceoftheRenaissance,HumanismItemphasizesthedignityofhumanbeingsandtheimportanceofthepresentlifeHumanistsvoicedtheirbeliefsthatmanwasthecenteroftheuniverseandmandidnotonlyhavetherighttoenjoythebeautyofthepresentlife,buthadtheabilitytoperfecthimselfandtoperformwondersUnificationHarmonyvsHumanismThroughthediscussionsbetweenthecultureofChineseLongandthecultureaboutwesterndragon,wecangettheideathatChineseLongandwesterndragoncomefromdifferentideologiesandtheyhavethedifferentsignificancesChineseLong,asthetotemandtheancestorofChinesenation,isveneratedbyallpeopleofChinesenationSo,thecultureofLongisthemainideaoftheideologyofChinesenation,whichemphasizesonunificationbetweenYinandYang,aswellasthedifferencesofallobjectsintheworldandemphasizesonharmonybetweenpeopleandnature,aswellaspeopleandpeopleInotherwords,thecultureofLongembodiesthesignificancesofTaoismandConfucianismthatisunificationandharmonyHowever,westerndragonisalwaysthesymbolofevil,thesymbolofwickedobjects,andthesymbolofsinisterforcesorsinisterpeopleInpeople’sminds,dragonmustbedestroyed,butthehumanbeingsaresacredRenaissanceofEuropewhichbeganinthethcenturyandcontinuedtothemidthcenturythatjustemphasizedthesignificanceHumanismHumanismstatesthatmanisgodly,thatmanisabletofindtruth,goodnessandbeauty,andthatmanisincontrolofthepresentliferatherthanbeingcontrolledbyGodBriefly,humanismputsmanatthecenteroftheirbeliefsandtakesmantobethemeasureofeverythingwhiletheformerasceticismputsGodatthecenteroftheirbeliefsandtakespersonalsalvationtobethemostimportantthingontheearthforman(Huzongfeng,)Oneissymbolofunificationandharmony,ChineseLong,whichembodiesthesignificancesofConfucianismandTaoismanotherissymbolofsinisterforces,westerndragon,whichmustbedestroyedbyhumanbeingsInlegends,dragonisalwaysslainbyhuman,fromwhichwecanseethesignificanceofRenaissanceHumanismThethirdtimes,wecangettheconclusionthatLonganddragonaretwoabsolutelydifferentanimalsandsymbolsTwodifferentanimalssymbolizetwodifferentideologiesandbelongtotwodifferentoriginsSo,asChinese,asthedescendantsofLong,weshouldhavemoreconfidencetoaddressLongasLong,andweshouldencourageourtraditional,uniqueChineseculturethecultureofChineseLongⅢConclusionAstothequestionthatwhichweshouldaddressLong,dragonorLongandwhichweshoulddo,throwingawayordevelopingandexpandingourtraditional,uniqueChineseculturethecultureofChineseLong,I’msurethatwecansearchtheanswerfromthedifferencesofChineseLongandwesterndragoninunderstanding,inembodiments,andinideologiesaswellasorigins,whichwehasdiscussedFirstly,wecandrawaconclusionfromthedifferencesindefinitionsandsymbolizationsofChineseLongandwesterndragonTheconclusionisthatChineseLongisaluckysymbolandisalwaysworshippedbyChinesenation,butwesterndragonisaevilsymbolandisconsideredtomustbedestroyedbyhumanbeingsofwesternworldSecondly,wecanreachaconclusionfromthedifferencesinembodimentsofChineseLongandwesterndragononfolkwaycultureandlegendsTheviewpointisthatChineseLongisaauspicioussymbolanditoftenbringshappinesstopeople,however,westerndragonisawickedsymbolanditalwaysbringssadnesstopeopleThirdly,wecangetaconclusionfromthedifferencesofChineseLongandwesterndragonontheaspectofideologyandoriginTheconclusionisthatChineseLongembodiesthesignificancesofConfucianismandTaoism,thatisunificationandharmonywhilewesterndragoncanelicitthesignificanceofRenaissance,thatisHumanismAllinall,wecangeneralizeaconclusionfromthewholeargumentativewriting,whichisthatChineseLongandwesterndragonareabsolutelydifferentfictitiousanimalsTheysymbolizedifferentconcepts,embodydifferentculturesandevenembodydifferentsymbolsofideologiesofdifferentnationalculturesAlthough,asthedevelopmentofglobe,thechancesofcommunicatingbetweendifferentculturesbecomemoreandmore,weshouldpersistinthetraditionalanduniqueChinesecultureasaChinese,andweshouldevengivefullscopetotheuniquenessofChineseculturethecultureofChineseLong,justbecausewearethedescendantsofLongInaword,Longisthesymbolofunification,aswellasthesymbolofharmony,luck,happiness,health,andsoonWiththechancesofculturalcommunicationbecomingmoreandmore,notonlyshouldwedevelopandexpandouruniqueculture,butshouldalsoletthepeopleallovertheworldknowthattheChinesepeoplearedescendantsofLongnotdescendantsofdragonwhereveryouare,thattheChinesetotemisLongnotdragon,andthattheChinesepeopleallhavefaithintheBeliefthatUnificationandHarmonyofChineseLongthecultureofChineseLon
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