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首页 浅析日语基本寒暄语的结构和(A brief analysis of the basic stru…

浅析日语基本寒暄语的结构和(A brief analysis of the basic structure of Japanese basic greetings).doc

浅析日语基本寒暄语的结构和(A brief analysis …

青梅竹马_一辈子
2018-11-01 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《浅析日语基本寒暄语的结构和(A brief analysis of the basic structure of Japanese basic greetings)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

浅析日语基本寒暄语的结构和(AbriefanalysisofthebasicstructureofJapanesebasicgreetings)浅析日语基本寒暄语的结构和(AbriefanalysisofthebasicstructureofJapanesebasicgreetings)ThebasicstructureandanalysisofJapanesegreetingslanguageetymologyAbstract:JapanesegreetingwordsaremorecomplexandcomplexinquantityandusageItisnoteasytomastergreetingsThisarticleasastartingpointtostructureandetymologicalgreetings,analysisofdailygreetingsKeywords:GreetingsgreetingsGreetingsareoneoftheearliestintroductionsinJapanese,butlearnersoftenusegreetingsinaccordancewithChinesecustomsThisisnotrelatedtotheJapaneseculturalbackgroundbehindthegreetingOntheotherhand,itdoesnotrelatetotheoriginalmeaningofthegreetingFirst,thedefinitionandcharacteristicsofJapanesegreetingsMasteringJapanesegreetingsneedstobeginwithunderstandingitSaytheword"greetings"originatedfromtheJapaneseZensaid,referringtoJacksonbyaquestionandanswerabouttheextentofhisZenenlightenmentNow"greetings"refersto"meetandrespectively,themutualexchangeofceremonialactionandlanguage"(thestudyofmodernnewdictionary,)Accordingtotheformsofexpression,theworld'sgreetingsaredividedintoorallanguage,bodylanguage,andtheuseofbothJapan'sgreetingisthemosttypicalexampleofboth,andwhenyousaluteandgreet,youcanseeiteverywhereLanguageisthecarrierofcultureaswellasthemirrorimageofcultureJapan,whichisfamousforitsdelicacyanddelicacy,presentsalargenumberandcomplexusagesintermsofgreetingsandcorrespondingbodylanguageAlthoughthelanguagewiththemove,wordsandchangeofworld,nowthenewvocabularyandusageofJapanesegreetingsbutemergeinanendlessstream,littlechangeJapaninbytheMinistryofEducationpublishedareportentitled"thefuture"honorificprogram,theprogramadvocatestosimplifythehonorific,butontheotherhand,advocatesshouldretaingreetingsasTherefore,theJapanesegreetinglanguage,liketheJapanesetraditionalculture,iswellpasseddownTwo,JapaneselearninginthemostbasicgreetingsNoconsensushasbeenreachedonthenumberofgreetingsineverydaylifeHowever,OkuyamaMasushiro'stypesofgreetingsaccordingtothescenesarewidelyrecognizedAmongthem,thefirsttypeofdailylifegreetingsisthenecessarylanguageforJapaneselearningandcommunicationOnthesebasicgreetings,learnersoftenonlypayattentiontoitskanaandtranslatedintoChinesemeans,whileignoringtheoriginalmeaningofgreeting,"hello"isthe"causewascancerinUTIWA""goodbye"isthe"nationalyouhaveakindof"mechanicalcorrespondenceInfact,inJapanesedailylife,thefrequencyofthesetwogreetingsisnothigh,andtheuseofthesceneislimitedThefollowingwilldiscussbasicgreetingsfromtheangleofetymologyandusagestructureThree,thebasicstructureandsourcelanguageanalysisofcommunication"and"you(periodChe~masu):"goodmorning"""Imperial"isthemosttypicalwordinJapaneseforrespect,humilityandseriousnessThestructureitselfreflectsthecourteousattitudeofthegreetingIfonthebasisof"periodChe~masu"thisonesaidsolemnlyexpression,asolemnattitudedoubletoeachothergreetingsTherefore,forthefamilyandlovedones",ispublishedbylongerperiodChe~masu"tooserious,"and"notyou"kindInaddition,itisworthnotingthatthegreetingalsosaidthefirstmeetingoftheday,sopeopleonthenightshift"andisalsousedbylongerperiodChe~masu"Hello,undersuchaspecialscene,thecommunicationcanbeunderstoodas"you'rehere"saidonedaytogreet"wasinUTI'sWA":"hello",from"todayishowIwasaroyalkigenKa"means"howdoyoufeeltoday",fromtheliteralmeaningtooftenmeetfamily,friendsandcolleaguesoftheuseofwords,willproduceastrangefeelingStrictlyspeakinginregardsto"advanceincancer:UTI"atthesametimedefinesthedistancewitheachother,therefore,notforthefamily,andbetweenthesamewithinthegroupofpeoplerarelyask"wasonthere,insteadofthe"zeta"nodorbowIfagroupheardsomeone"wasontosayhello,zeta:"donotseethisperson,probablycanbeconcludedthatthepersonisnotwithinthegroupbut"foreign"So,"wason:UTIWA"isnotapanaceaandcanuseitwheneverandwhereverpossible,arulertherelationshipbetweenmanandman"'sspeechwasona"goodnight""Thesourcesaidis"today"inisomittedonne",anotheris"thisisadayornightomitnothingintheendoflastlivein,formsforthenightinthisNa~hyperplasticne",meaning"tonightisreally"Or"it'sbeenagoodnight,andit'sbeenawonderfulnight,"andtheceremonywassopolitethatit'snotforclosefriendsandfamily"ICDRG:nursingwiththe~masu","periodforcompletenationalMA(UTIinhyperplastic)beforeandafterthegreeting:"ThereisnocorrespondingChinesegreeting"ICDRG:nursingwiththe~masu"referstothetoportopoftheheadJapanintwelfthCenturyafterthemedievalhierarchymoreheavilythantheirown,fromthehighlevelofhumanhandstoacceptitemsoritemstotheBuddhaworshipmustbeabovehishead,andsaid,"withtheheadofthetop"wasgiven"Baishou"meaning,thengiveworshipbeforeeatingfruitorsuperiorfoodfirstraiseditoverhisheadtopaytribute,sothe"topwith"graduallycombinedwithdiet"ICDRG:nursingwiththe~masu"meansthefooditselfcontainsnotonlyofgratitudealsocontainsfoodproducers,cookingtheirgratitude,soJapaneseeithereatathomeorgotorestaurantsusedrespectfullysay"ICDRG:nursingwiththe~masu",andeveneatyourselfthingsdidnotforgettosayagain,thusthedeepculturalconnotationofgreetingInthiscorrespondenceisafterthe"YuChigoway()","Royal"respect,"Chi"means"backandforth",itsaidthecooktoilrespectandgratitude,fromthelateEdoperiodfromthestatementasagreetinggraduallyspread"nationalyouhaveakindof"goodbye"""Astohaveakindofspeech,omittingtheleftwasintermsandtermsDon'tu~J","leftas"istheJapanesesaidnowthetopiccenteroftheconjunctioninterruptaturn"Notinterms"inJapaneseisdifferentfromthe"masterinterms",onlyforpeopleto"farewell",as"studentsdon'tpaintinterms,don'tdieininterms,don'tcrywithUTIinterms,notinterms,notinterms,termsdonotsufferfromtheseparation,Narusounddon'tterms"vocabularyexpression,and"notintermsoflexicalmeaninginlifeanddeatharemostlynegativeconnotations,therefore,the"nationalyouhaveakindof"isintendedtoexpressmeaningrespectivelysolemnlytoeachother,withnegativelanguagecolorInreallife,thereasonJapaneseuse"nationalyouhaveakindof"frequencyisnothighalsoliesinthisGenerallyusedonlyforlongtermseparation,orlovers,couplesbreakupOnthecontrary:CIECCMaTa"usefrequencyisveryhigh,itis"willbeomitted:CIECC~TaHaimaJu"or"MaTA:CIECC,tomorrow,incontrasttothe"nationalyouhaveakindof"said,lookingforwardtothenextmeetingwithapositiveandoptimisticmood:"will~the,yoUmayliveAndonthe~masu":"thefirstmeeting,please""U"iscommonlyusedadverbsinJapanese,withurgeeachothertohelpthemselvesdesiremeaning"Yoexpandsonthe"morethan"YoHai"low,meaning"good"and"go""Youmaylive~masu"isselfdeprecatingexpression,"Iimploreyou"Therefore,thegreetingmeaning"althoughthefirstmeeting,butIurgeyouinthecasewasnotcareaboutme,itisnotdifficulttoseethegreetingfrombeginningtoendtheinitiativetoeachother,thespeakerisinapassivepositionofhumilityItisindeedthemosttypicalrepresentativeofJapanesegreetings,anditreflectsoneaspectofJapan'sinterpersonalrelationshipTherefore,itisnotdifficulttounderstandeachotherevenafterfrequentexchanges,Japaneseiseverything"yoUandmaycauseOnthelast~masu"alsoliesinthis"onthenationalcancernursingperiodwilllast"live"kindofwomanafterChanCheMaestate":visitthehostandguestgreeting,"someoneexcuseme"and"welcome""Onthenationalcancernursingperiodwilllast"means"pleaseunderstand"WhenguestsvisitinJapanalthoughusuallypriortocontact,but"onthenationalcancernursingperiodwilllast"isalsoessentialDoesitconfirm"someone"andalsoapologizesfortheinconvenienceandinconveniencethehosthascausedbyhisvisit"Iconstructtheestate'sMa:"troubleyou"or"I'msorry"Thenegativeformfrom"bettereconomics"and"ChengMutsu""Economicsbetter"means"theend","ChengMutsu"referstothingsorfeelingsfromchaoticstatetodirty"clean",so"IconstructtheMa'sestate"sayshewilltroubleeachotherordifficulttoachievethe"clearheartanxiousandfearfulofhavingdonesomethingwrong",inthewordsofthepsychologicalspillsorrythouthis,andU(periodChe~masu)"and"ICDRG:MaThecomplete""thankyou"and"you'rewelcome""Thisthou,andU(periodChe~masu)"fromtheadjective"havethisdifficultwoman",astheliteralmeaning"inlanguageanddifficulttolive,"fromthemedievaltimereferstothepreciousBuddhacompassionbenefitoneself,agratefulnaturalbornoflove,laterrefersto"thankyou""Afterthelast(afterthe~masuwithsweetsweet~this~masu)"afterthelastkindofwomanafterChanHai""Ta"andthatoverthelast~"Gui(akathisnationallive):"whenyougooutandgohomewhengreeting,generallydonothavethecorrespondingChinesegreetings,sometimes"Igo"and"Icameback""Afterthelast(afterthe~masuwithsweetsweet~this~masu)"writing"forflyingtothe~masu"literallymeans"togo",soeverydaybeforegoingoutforcommunicationwithfamilymembers,saidthedeparturetimeisnotlongtocomebacksoon"Now,"I"now"isomitted"Iamcoming""I刚刚times"Studyonphase暄是cold"return"(do)youcome显得warming而亲times"I'lljustaskyou,garment(hey,yeah,whatkindofcaryou)”“yes,whatwouldyou)”:"请问"sumfrom么事”。en"Justasthe"killer"of"smallquantity,shorttime,low,asked"doyou(I)"isdisplayedontheself谦说法询问endnote,值得该寒暄的phraseisusedin"fulltext该词Perlman,awaiting此作为终assistantgeneral词使语气变得gentleandcontent,etc对方times应decisionmakingYes,对此allowinganyhelpyes,whatwouldbe应是phasedeference,allowing一种柔和的表达,f"official"inclusion"finish"is"郑重isgentleand达方table虽然该寒暄表hopeisthatthesumanswer询问复这样简单的Kung,butcold暄里却充满双towardsmutualvalueand语感谅seriouslyillRemovalofbasic暄语coldend种"thankyou"or"thankyou"andispartoftheregular暄语cold,display慰劳"youhave含义,一般用于工作或学习场所le"Japanesepeopleinfor"goodmorning"开始一天的寒暄,use"thankyou"come其后频繁vignetteincold,comprehensiveoffice,diningroom,corridor,JinfromWorldHealth慰劳对方并结一天的寒暄bundle"atlast"againSucha"thankyou"远比"hello"频率high而且fan围广look"Please,"normal"hardandcold语中see,Hinataishard,itisthe"intention"Perlman,addoil该寒暄不仅用spursYu对方containingreduced慰劳对方decisionmaking,suchtoolstolistentothebossof场所对部underordinarysaid"Ido"deductible该willnotOKthis,easily误会boss认为selfdiscrepancy够effortsThe总结Analysisonthebasic语源,cold暄语chemicalstructuresearchismorethanthesum过其structureandspecialcharactertable达得drippingwithnoheartor语寒暄语main传达emotionalisthesocialandcultural规约streetcanseethesunrisesGraduate类it为两structureon一类是对于家人和亲朋使用的寒暄语onstructureandmechanical为主with简体对方亲密突显feelingsInaddition一类是对关系比较疏远的人使用的寒暄语withrespect,tableonthemain达为,structureobtainedin时会phrasetailwith终助lyricsorguess语气mannerwascold暄变WenWanStudyoncoldoutthere,暄语语源发现其字satoyuki间透exposed关心mutually,mutualexcitationormutualWeidrum含义YasuThereasonofBuddhisminJapan,,Professorcoldcold暄语doctrinalstudiesisnotneededandwill仅需暄语发音sumneededfor还需讲解其结andoriginof,,understandingandconsolidationofthemaintableforEmpress过结语源hopeJapaneselanguageabilitythrough习者emotionaldepth,backgroundloadingof认识对日语寒vignetteInordinarylivinginnaturaltalentamlonelycold而亲excisioninavignetteReference:Lipine:winterday语寒暄语phase关特认识"Zheng","forumsNortheastNormalUniversityZhu宪文:superficial析日语寒暄语and其文background","ResearchInstituteofeconomicsoflanguage习与tradingTags:MaedawealthElementaryDictionary","Japan语源centreHORIIyetknowledge:Iwanami书店derivedfromthewordsKaori:陈ForeignLanguageInstitute,Universityof贵州语系

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浅析日语基本寒暄语的结构和(A brief analysis of the basic structure of Japanese basic greetings)

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