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首页 重庆市江津第五中学高中英语 Unit 1 Friends and Friendship Peri…

重庆市江津第五中学高中英语 Unit 1 Friends and Friendship Period IX情态动词用法归类与高考试题分析 新人教版必修3.doc

重庆市江津第五中学高中英语 Unit 1 Friends and…

Bernice培 2018-01-04 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《重庆市江津第五中学高中英语 Unit 1 Friends and Friendship Period IX情态动词用法归类与高考试题分析 新人教版必修3doc》,可适用于总结/汇报领域,主题内容包含重庆市江津第五中学高中英语UnitFriendsandFriendshipPeriodIX情态动词用法归类与高考试题分析新人教版必修重庆市江津第五中符等。

重庆市江津第五中学高中英语UnitFriendsandFriendshipPeriodIX情态动词用法归类与高考试题分析新人教版必修重庆市江津第五中学高中英语UnitFriendsandFriendshipPeriodIX情态动词用法归类与高考试题分析新人教版必修情态动词用法归类:(一)表达“情感、态度、语气”等方面的情态动词must表达“情感、态度、语气”主要有以下用法:()表示主观的义务和必要主要用于肯定句和疑问句意思为“必须„„得„„要„„”由must引起的疑问句肯定回答要用must或haveto否定回答要用needn’t或don’thaveto,意思是“不必”。另外must与haveto都可以表示“必须”这一含义。must表示一种主观的需要而haveto表示一种客观的需要意思是“不得不”其否定形式是don’haveto。()WhatsortofhousedoyouwanttohaveSomethingbigWell,itbebigthat'snotimportantAmustn'tBneedn'tCcan'tDwon't()must的否定形式mustn’t表示禁止意思是“不能不许”。例如:WhenIwasyoung,IwastoldthatIplaywithmatchesAwouldn'tBneedn'tCmustn'tDdaren't()must用于条件句或疑问句中可以用来表示责备、抱怨的感情色彩意思为“偏要硬要、干嘛”。例如:MayIsmokehereIfyou,chooseaseatinthesmokingsectionAshouldBcouldCmayDmustJohn,lookatthetimeyouplaythepianoatsuchalatehourA(MustB(CanC(MayD(Needshould()should应该表示“责任和义务”。例如:Accordingtotheairtrafficrules,youswitchoffyourmobilephonebeforeboardingAmayBcanCwouldDshould()should还可以用来表示说话人对某事不能理解、赶到意外、惊异等意思译为“竟然竟会”。例如:Youcan’timaginethatawellbehavedgentlemanbesorudetoaladyAmightBneedCshouldDwouldshall()shall用于第一和第三人称常用于疑问句中用来征求对方意见。例如:What’sthenameKhulaifiIspellitforyouAShallBWouldCCanDMight()用于第二和第三人称表示“命令、威胁、警告、允诺、”等。例如:ExcusemeButIwanttouseyourcomputertotypeareportYouhavemycomputerifyoudon’ttakecareofitAshan’tBmightnotCneedn’tDshouldn’t()shall也用于宣布法律、规定的要求。例如:Whatdoesthesignoverthereread“Nopersonsmokeorcarryalightedcigarettecigarorpipeinthisarea”AwillBmayCshallDmustcan()can可以用来表示惊异、怀疑、不相信的态度主要用于否定句、疑问句或感叹句中。例如:HowyousaythatyoureallyunderstandthewholestoryifyouhaveonlycoveredonlypartofthearticleAcanBmustCneedDmay()can也可以用来表示请求或许可。例如:Mum,I’vebeenstudyingEnglishsinceo’clockIgooutandplaywithTomforawhileNo,I’mafraidnotBesides,it’srainingoutsidenowACan’tBWouldn’tCMayDWon’t()can可以表达一般的或永久的能力。beableto也可表达能力但常用来表达在某件事情中所表现出来的能力尤指克服困难能够完成某事。例如:Ifitwerenotforthefactthatshesing,IwouldinvitehertothepartyAcouldn’tBshouldn’tCcan’tDmightnotThefirespreadthroughthehotelveryquicklybuteveryonegetoutAhadtoBwouldCcouldDwasabletowould()will与would可表示“意愿意志”。JohnpromisedhisdoctorhenotsmokeandhehasneversmokedeversinceAmightBshouldCcouldDwould()would表示过去倾向性或习惯性的动作。usedto也有这一用法但usedto即可用来表达过去的习惯性的动作也可用来表示过去的状态。例如:Whenhewasthere,hegotothatcoffeeshopatthecornerafterworkeverydayAwouldBshouldChadbetterDmightInmyopinion,lifeinthetwentyfirstcenturyismucheasierthanAthatusedtobeBitisusedtoCitwasusedtoDitusedtobe(二)表示推测的情态动词对现在或将来情况推测用情态动词dobebedoing„对过去的推测用情态动词havedonebeen„表示肯定推测的情态动词按可能性大小依次为must,shouldoughtto,may,might,could否定推测常用can’tcouldn’t译为“根本不可能”、“想必不会”表示推测的语气非常肯定maynot,mightnot或couldnot译为“可能不”、“也许不”表示推测的语气不很肯定。ShelooksveryhappyShehavepassedtheexamIguesssoIt’snotdifficultafterallAshouldBcouldCmustDmightHow’syourtouraroundtheNorthLakeIsitbeautifulItbe,butitisnowheavilypollutedAwillBwouldCshouldDmustTherebeanydifficultyaboutpassingtheroadtestsinceyouhavepracticedalotinthedrivingschoolAmustn’tBshan’tCshouldn’tDneedn’tYoubehungryalreadyyouhadlunchonlytwohoursago!Awouldn’tBcan’tCmustn’tDneedn’tShehaveleftschool,forherbikeisstillhereAcan’tBwouldn’tCshouldn’tDneedn’tItisusuallywarminmyhometowninMarch,butitberathercoldsometimeAmustBcanCshouldDwouldbereallydifficultattimeseventhoughhe’sanicepersoninPetergeneralAshallBshouldCcanDmustLizawellnotwanttogoonthetripshehatestravelingAwillBcanCmustDmayAlthoughthissoundlikeasimpletask,greatcareisneededAmustBmayCshallDshouldIcan’tfindmypurseanywhereYouhavelostitwhileshoppingAmayBcanCshouldDwould(三)表达虚拟语气的情态动词对过去的一种结果的假设或虚拟用情态动词havedone这一结构常用的有以下几个情态动词:I’msorryIatyoutheotherdayForgetitIwasabitoutofcontrolmyselfAshouldn’tshoutBshouldn’thaveshoutedCmustn’tshoutDmustn’thaveshoutedThankyouforallyourhardworklastweekIdon’tthinkweitwithoutyouAcanmanageBcouldhavemanagedCcouldmanageDcanhavemanagedCatherine,IhavecleanedtheroomforyouThanksYouitIcouldmanageitmyselfAneedn’tdoBneedn’thavedoneCmustn’tdoDshouldn’thavedoneWhatapity!Consideringhisabilityandexperience,hebetterAneedhavedoneBmusthavedoneCcanhavedoneDmighthavedoneMultiplechoice:Willyoureadmeastory,MummyOKYouhaveoneifyougotobedassoonaspossibleAmightBmustCcouldDshallNoonebecomparedwithYaoMinginplayingbasketballAcanBneedCmustDmightIfyougo,atleastwaituntilthestormisoverAcanBmayCmustDwillItbethepostmanatthedoorIt’sonlysixo’clockAmustn’tBcan’tCwon’tDneedn’tTheyhavearrivedatlunchtimebuttheirflightwasdelayedAwillBcanCmustDshouldIdon’treallylikeJamesWhydidyouinvitehimDon’tworryHecomeHesaidhewasn’tcertainwhathisplanswereAmustnotBneednotCwouldnotDmightnotShallIinformhimofthechangeoftheschedulerightnowIamafraidyou,incasehecomeslateforthemeetingAwillBmustCmayDcanThepolicestillhaven’tfoundthelostchild,butthey’redoingalltheyAcanBmayCmustDshouldWhereisDad,MaryHetheflowersinthegardenAmustwaterBmustbewateringCMusthavewateredDwateredJanehasjustcomebackfromChinaandshelookshappyShehertripverymuchAmustenjoyBmusthaveenjoyedCmayenjoyDshouldhaveenjoyedYoubepunishedifyoubreaktheruleAshallBshouldCneedDmustWelastnight,butwewenttotheconcertinsteadAmusthavestudiedBmightstudyCoughttohavestudiedDwouldstudyItisusuallywarminmyhometown,butitberathercoldsometimesAcanBneedCdareDmustMichaelbeapoliceman,forhe’smuchtooshortAneedn’tBcan’tCshouldDmayMysistermethimattheGrandTheateryesterdayafternoon,soheyourlectureAcouldn’thaveattendedBneedn’thaveattendedCmustn’thaveattendedDshouldn’thaveattended

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