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首页 1999年06月英语四级试题(阅读)

1999年06月英语四级试题(阅读).doc

1999年06月英语四级试题(阅读)

唐立名
2019-05-12 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《1999年06月英语四级试题(阅读)doc》,可适用于综合领域

最牛英语口语培训模式:躺在家里练口语全程外教一对一三个月畅谈无阻! 洛基英语免费体验全部在线一对一课程:wwwrockyclasscomieltsxdhtml(报名网址)PartⅡReadingComprehension(minutes)Directions:TherearepassagesinthispartEachpassageisfollowedbysomequestionsorunfinishedstatementsForeachofthemtherearefourchoicesmarkedA),B),C)andD)YoushoulddecideonthebestchoiceandmarkthecorrespondingletterontheAnswerSheetwithasinglelinethroughthecentreQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:Thebiggestsafetythreatfacingairlinestodaymaynotbeaterroristwithagun,butthemanwiththeportablecomputerinbusinessclassInthelastyears,pilotshavereportedwelloverincidentsthatcouldhavebeencausedbyelectromagneticinterferenceThesourceofthisinterferenceremainsunconfirmed,butincreasingly,expertsarepointingtheblameatportableelectronicdevicessuchasportablecomputers,radioandcassetteplayersandmobiletelephonesRTCA,anorganizationwhichadvisestheaviation(航空)industry,hasrecommendedthatallairlinesban(禁止)suchdevicesfrombeingusedduring"critical"stagesoflight,particularlytakeoffandlandingSomeexpertshavegonefurther,callingforatotalbanduringallflightsCurrently,rulesonusingthesedevicesareleftuptoindividualairlinesAndalthoughsomeairlinesprohibitpassengersfromusingsuchequipmentduringtakeoffandlanding,mostarereluctanttoenforceatotalban,giventhatmanypassengerswanttoworkduringflightsThedifficultyispredictinghowelectromagneticfieldsmightaffectanaircraft’scomputersThefactthataircraftmaybevulnerable(易受损的)tointerferenceraisestheriskthatterroristsmayuseradiosysteminordertodamagenavigationequipmentAsworrying,though,isthepassengerwhocan’theartheinstructionstoturnoffhisradiobecausethemusic’stooloudThepassageismainlyaboutA)anewregulationforallairlinesB)thedefectsofelectronicdevicesC)apossiblecauseofaircraftcrashesD)effectivesafetymeasuresforairflightWhatissaidabouttheoveraircraftincidentsinthepastyearsA)TheymayhavebeencausedbythedamagetotheradiosystemsB)TheymayhavetakenplaceduringtakeoffandlandingC)Theywereprovedtohavebeencausedbythepassengers’portablecomputersD)TheyweresuspectedtohaveresultedfromelectromagneticinterferenceFewairlineswanttoimposeatotalbanontheirpassengersusingelectronicdevicesbecauseA)theydon’tbelievethereissuchadangerasradiointerferenceB)theharmfuleffectofelectromagneticinterferenceisyettobeprovedC)mostpassengersrefusetotakeaplanewhichbanstheuseofradioandcassetteplayersD)theyhaveothereffectivesafetymeasurestofallbackonWhyisitdifficulttopredictthepossibleeffectsofelectromagneticfieldsonanairplane’scomputersA)BecauseitisextremelydangeroustoconductsuchresearchonanairplaneB)BecauseitremainsamysterywhatwavelengthsareliabletobeinterferedwithC)BecauseresearchscientistshavenotbeentoproducethesameeffectsinlabsD)BecausesxpertslackadequateequipmenttodosuchresearchItcanbeinferredfromthepassagethattheauthorA)isinfavorofprohibitingpassengers’useofelectronicdevicescompletelyB)PerhapsthePRindustrymighttakealessonfromTedTurnerofCNN(CableNewsNetwork)C)Turnerrecentlyannouncedthatthework"foreign"wouldnolongerbeusedonCNNnewsbroadcastsD)AccordingtoTurner,globalcommunicationshavemadethenationsoftheworldsointerdependantthatthereisnolongeranysuchthingasforeignQuestionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:Theriseofmultinationalcorporations(跨国公司),globalmarketing,newcommunicationstechnologies,andshrinkingculturaldifferenceshaveledtoanunparalleledincreaseinglobalpublicrelationsorPRSurprisingly,sincemodernPRwaslargelyanAmericaninvention,theUSleadershipinpublicrelationsisbeingthreatenedbyPReffortsinothercountriesTenyearsago,forexample,theworld'stopfivepublicrelationsagencieswereAmericanownedIn,onlyonewasTheBritishinparticulararebecomingmoresophisticatedandcreativeArecentsurveyfoundthatmorethanhalfofallBritishcompaniesincludePRaspartoftheircorporate(公司的)planningactivities,comparedtoaboutonethirdofUScompanies,ItmaynotbelongbeforeLondonreplacesNewYorkasthecapitalofPRWhyisAmericalaggingbehindintheglobalPRraceFirst,AmericansasawholetendtobefairlyprovincialandtakemoreofaninterestinlocalaffairsKnowledgeofworldgeography,forexample,hasneverbeenstronginthiscountrySecondly,AmericanslagbehindtheirEuropeanandAsiancounterparts(相对应的人)inknowingasecondlanguageLessthanpercentofBursonMarshall'sUSemployeesknowtwolanguagesOgilvyandMatherhasaboutthesamepercentageConversely,someEuropeanfirmshavehalformoreoftheirenployeesfluentinasecondlanguageFinally,peopleinvolvedinPRabroadtendtokeepaclosereyeoninternationalaffairsInthefinancialPRarea,forinstance,mostAmericansreadtheWallStreetJournlalOrerseas,theircounterpartsreadtheJournalaswellastheFinancialTimesofLondonandTheEconomist,PubicationsnotoftenreadinthiscountryPerhapsthePRindustrymighttakealessonfromTedTurnerofCNN(CableNewsNetwork)Turnerrecentlyannouncedthatthework"foreign"wouldnolongerbeusedonCNNnewsbroadcastsAccordingtoTurner,globalcommunicationshavemadethenationsoftheworldsointerdependantthatthereisnolongeranysuchthingasforeignAccordingtothepassage,USleadershipinpublicrelationsisbeingthreatenedbecauseA)anunparalleledincreaseinthenumberofpublicrelationscompaniesB)shrinkingculturaldifferencesandnewcommunicationstechnologiesC)thedecreasingnumberofmultinationalcorporationsintheUSD)increasedeffortsofothercountriesinpublicrelationsLondoncouldsoonreplaceNewYorkasthecenterofPRbecauseA)BritishcompaniesaremoreambitiousthanUScompaniesB)BritishcompaniesplacemoreimportanceonPRthanUScompaniesC)BritishcompaniesareheavilyinvolvedinplanningactivitiesD)fouroftheworld’stoppublicrelationsagenciesareBritishownedTheword"provincial"(Line,Para)mostprobablymeans""A)limitedinoutlookB)likepeoplefromtheprovincesC)rigidinthinkingD)interestedinworldfinancialaffairsWelearnfromthethirdparagraphthatemployeesintheAmericanPRindustryA)speakatleastoneforeignlanguagefluentlyB)areignorantaboutworldgeographyC)arenotassophisticatedastheirEuropeancounterpartsD)enjoyreadingagreatvarietyofEnglishbusinesspublicationsWhatlessonmightthePRindustrytakefromTedTurnerofCNNA)AmericanPRcompaniesshouldbemoreinternationallymindedB)TheAmericanPRindustryshoulddevelopglobalcommunicationstechnologiesC)PeopleworkinginPRshouldbemorefluentinforeignlanguagesD)PeopleinvolvedinPRshouldavoidusingtheword"foreign"Questionstoarebasedonthefollowingpassage:Brazilhasbecomeoneofthedevelopingworld’sgreatsuccessesatreducingpopulationgrowthbutmorebyaccidentthatdesignWhilecountriessuchasIndiahavemadejointeffortstoreducebirthrates,Brazilhashadbetterresultwithoutreallytrying,saysGeorgeMartineatHarvardBrazil’spopulationgrowthratehasdroppedfrom%ayearbetweenandto%ayearbetweenand,andBrazilianwomennowhaveonlychildrenonaverageMartinesaysthisfiguremayhavefallenstillfurthersince,anachievementthatmakesittheenvyofmanyotherThirdWorldcountriesMartineputsitdownto,amongotherthings,soapoperas(通俗电视连续剧)andinstalment(分期付款)plansintroducedinthesBothplayedanimportant,althoughindirect,roleinloweringthebirthrateBrazilisoneoftheworld’sbiggestproduceersofsoapoperasGlobl,Brazil’smostpopulartelevisionnetwork,showsthreehoursofsoapssixnightsaweek,whilethreeothersshowatleastonehouranightMostsoapsarebasedonwealthycharacterslivingthehighlifeinbigcities"Althoughtheyhaveneverreallytriedtoworkinamissagetowardstheproblemsofreproduction,theydescribemiddleandupperclassvaluesnotmanychildren,differentattitudestowardssex,womenworking,"saysMartine"TheysentthisimagetoallpartsofBrazilandmadepeopleconsciousofotherpatternsofbehaviourandothervalues,whichwereputintoaveryattractivepackage"

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