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首页 特拉华州普通公司法(英文)

特拉华州普通公司法(英文).doc

特拉华州普通公司法(英文)

Gene彦强
2017-09-20 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《特拉华州普通公司法(英文)doc》,可适用于综合领域

特拉华州普通公司法(英文)特拉华州普通公司法TITLECorporationsCHAPTERGENERALCORPORATIONLAWSubchapterIFormation第一节公司的设立Incorporatorshowcorporationformedpurposes(a)Anyperson,partnership,associationorcorporation,singlyorjointlywithothers,andwithoutregardtosuchperson'sorentity'sresidence,domicileorstateofincorporation,mayincorporateororganizeacorporationunderthischapterbyfilingwiththeDivisionofCorporationsintheDepartmentofStateacertificateofincorporationwhichshallbeexecuted,acknowledgedandfiledinaccordancewithofthistitle(b)Acorporationmaybeincorporatedororganizedunderthischaptertoconductorpromoteanylawfulbusinessorpurposes,exceptasmayotherwisebeprovidedbytheConstitutionorotherlawofthisState(c)Corporationsforconstructing,maintainingandoperatingpublicutilities,whetherinoroutsideofthisState,maybeorganizedunderthischapter,butcorporationsforconstructing,maintainingandoperatingpublicutilitieswithinthisStateshallbesubjectto,inadditiontothischapter,thespecialprovisionsandrequirementsofTitleapplicabletosuchcorporationsDrsofthesecorporationsarerepealedDelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,Code,DelLaws,c,Code,DelC,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,FilingandpublicationofproclamationAlistofthosecorporationswhosecharterswererepealedbygubernatorialproclamationpursuanttoofthistitleshallbefiledintheofficeoftheSecretaryofStateOnorbeforeOctoberofeachcalendaryear,theSecretaryofStateshallpublishsuchproclamationontheInternetoronasimilarmediumforaperiodofweekandshalladvertisethewebsiteorotheraddresswheresuchproclamationcanbeaccessedinatleastnewspaperofgeneralcirculationintheStateofDelawareDelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,Code,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,Code,DelC,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,ActingunderproclaimedcharterpenaltyWhoeverexercisesorattemptstoexerciseanypowersunderthecertificateofincorporationofanycorporationwhichhasbeenproclaimedbytheGovernor,aftertheissuanceoftheproclamation,shallbefinednotmorethan$,orimprisonednotmorethanyear,orbothDelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,Code,DelLaws,c,Code,DelC,DelLaws,c,MistakesinproclamationcorrectionWheneveritisestablishedtothesatisfactionoftheGovernorthatanycorporationnamedintheproclamationhasnotneglectedorrefusedtopaythefranchisetaxorfileacompletedannualfranchisetaxreportwithinyear,orhasbeeninadvertentlyreportedtotheGovernorbytheSecretaryofStateasrefusingorneglectingtopaythetaxesorfileacompletedannualfranchisetaxreport,theGovernormaycorrectthemistakeandmaymakethesameknownbyfilingaproclamationtothateffectintheofficeoftheSecretaryofState,whoshallrestoretothecorporationitscharter,togetherwithalltherights,privilegesandimmunitiesandsubjecttoallitsduties,debtsandliabilitieswhichhadbeensecuredorimposedbyitsoriginalcharterandallamendmentstheretoDelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,Code,DelLaws,c,Code,DelC,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,AnnualreportofSecretaryofStateTheSecretaryofStateshallprepareandpublishanannualreportcontainingsuchstatisticsasmaybeavailablewithrespecttotheoperationofthischapter,includingtheamountscollectedandamountsunpaidforeachyearforwhichthetaxisassessed,andsuchotherfactsasarepertinentanddesirableDelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,Code,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,Code,DelC,DelLaws,c,RetaliatorytaxationandregulationimpositionWhen,bythelawsofanyotherstateornation,anyotherorgreatertaxes,fines,penalties,licenses,fees,orotherobligationsorrequirementsareimposeduponcorporationscharteredunderChapterofthistitle,doingbusinessintheotherstateornation,orupontheiragentstherein,thanthelawofthisStateimposesupontheircorporationsoragentsdoingbusinessinthisState,solongasthelawscontinueinforceintheotherstateornation,thesametaxes,fines,penalties,licenses,fees,obligationsandrequirementsofwhateverkindshallbeimposeduponallcorporationsoftheotherstateornationsdoingbusinesswithinthisStateorupontheiragentshereNothinginthissectionshallbeheldtorepealanyduty,conditionorrequirementnowimposedbylawuponthecorporationsofotherstatesornationstransactingbusinessinthisStateDelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,Code,DelLaws,c,Code,DelC,DelLaws,c,DutiesofAttorneyGeneralTheAttorneyGeneralshallhaveallthepowersandauthoritiesinconjunctionwiththeSecretaryofStatetocollectfranchisetaxesandpenaltiesduefromproclaimedcorporationsandcorporationswhosecharterhasbecomevoidbyoperationoflawDelLaws,c,,Code,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,,DelLaws,c,Code,DelC,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,ReliefforcorporationswithassetsincertainunfriendlynationsAllcorporationsincorporatedandexistingunderthelawsofthisState,allofwhoseassetsarelocatedinanycountryfromwhichitisimpossibletoremovesuchassetsorwithdrawincome,orwhoseassetsarelocatedatanyplacewhereitismadeunlawfulbyanylawoftheUnitedStatesofAmericanoworhereafterenactedorbyanyrule,regulationorproclamationorexecutiveorderissuedunderanysuchlaw,tosendanycommunications,may,inthediscretionoftheSecretaryofState,berelievedandfreedfromanyandallassessmentoffranchisetaxesprovidedforbythischapterandsuchcorporationsmayfurtherberelievedbytheSecretaryofStateofthenecessityoffilinganystatereportsdueorrequiredTheSecretaryofStateshalladministerthissectionandmayrequiresuchevidence,submittedbyanyofficeroragent,asintheSecretaryofState'sjudgmentmaybenecessaryordesirabletodeterminewhetherornotacorporationdeservessuchrelieffromtaxesandthefilingofreports,andmaymakesuchregulationsinrelationtheretoastheSecretaryofStatemaydeemdesirableornecessaryDelC,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,CHAPTERPROFESSIONALSERVICECORPORATIONSLegislativeintentItisthelegislativeintenttoprovidefortheincorporationofanindividual,orgroupofindividualswhorenderthesameprofessionalservicetothepublic,forwhichsuchindividualsarerequiredbylawtobelicensedortoobtainotherlegalauthorizationDelC,DelLaws,cShorttitleThischaptermaybecitedas"TheProfessionalServiceCorporationAct"DelC,DelLaws,cDefinitionsAsusedinthischapterthefollowingwordsshallhavethemeaningindicated:()Theterm"professionalservice"shallmeananytypeofpersonalservicetothepublicwhichrequiresasaconditionprecedenttotherenderingoftheservicetheobtainingofalicenseorotherlegalauthorization,andwhich,byreasonoflaw,priortoJune,,couldnotbeperformedbyacorporationInaddition,andbywayofexamplewithoutlimitingthegeneralitythereof,thepersonalserviceswhichcomewithinthischapterarethepersonalservicesrenderedbyarchitects,certifiedorotherpublicaccountants,chiropodists,chiropractors,doctorsofdentistry,doctorsofmedicine,optometrists,osteopaths,professionalengineers,veterinarians,and,subjecttotheRulesoftheSupremeCourt,attorneysatlaw()Theterm"professionalcorporation"meansacorporationwhichisorganized,underthischapter,forthesoleandspecificpurposeofrenderingprofessionalservice,andwhichhasasitsshareholdersonlyindividualswhothemselvesaredulylicensedorotherwiselegallyauthorizedwithinthisStatetorenderthesameprofessionalserviceasthecorporationDelC,DelLaws,cExemptionsThischaptershallnotapplytoanyindividualorgroupsofindividualswithinthisStatewho,priortoJune,,werepermittedtoorganizeacorporationandperformpersonalservicestothepublicbythemeansofacorporation,andthischaptershallnotapplytoanycorporationsorganizedbyanyindividualorgroupofindividualspriortoJune,,unless,anysuchindividual,orgroupofindividuals,oranysuchcorporationbringthemselvesandsuchcorporationwithinthischapterbyamendingthecertificateofincorporation,inamannersoastobeconsistentwithalltheprovisionsofthischapter,andbyaffirmativelystatingintheamendedcertificateofincorporationthattheshareholdershaveelectedtobringthecorporationwithinthischapter,orbeincorporatedinitiallyunderthischapterDelC,DelLaws,cAuthoritytoorganizelawgoverningOneormorepersons,eachofwhomisdulylicensedorotherwiselegallyauthorizedtorenderthesameprofessionalserviceswithinthisState,mayorganizeandbecomeashareholderorshareholdersofaprofessionalcorporationforpecuniaryprofit,underthistitle,forthesoleandspecificpurposeofrenderingthesameprofessionalservicesDelC,DelLaws,cNumberofdirectorsofficersAprofessionalcorporationwhichhasonlyshareholderneedhaveonlydirector,whoshallbetheshareholderTheshareholdershallalsoserveasthepresidentofthecorporationTheotherofficersofthecorporation,insuchacase,neednotbelicensedorotherwiselegallyauthorizedtorenderthesameprofessionalservicewithinthisState,astheshareholderAprofessionalcorporationwhichhasonlyshareholdersneedhaveonlydirectorswhoshallbesuchshareholdersTheshareholdersshall,betweenthem,fillalltheofficesoftheprofessionalcorporationDelC,DelLaws,cRenditionofprofessionalservicesthroughlicensedofficers,employeesandagentsNocorporationorganizedandincorporatedunderthischapter,mayrenderprofessionalservicesexceptthroughitsofficers,employeesandagentswhoaredulylicensedorotherwiselegallyauthorizedtorendersuchprofessionalserviceswithinthisStateprovided,however,thisprovisionshallnotbeinterpretedtoincludeintheterm"employee"asusedinthischapter,clerks,secretaries,nurses,administrators,bookkeepers,techniciansandotherassistantswhoarenotusuallyandordinarilyconsideredbylaw,customandpracticetoberenderingprofessionalservicestothepublicforwhichalicense,orotherlegalauthorization,isrequiredinconnectionwiththeprofessiontobepracticed,nordoestheterm"employee"includeanyotherpersonwhoperformsallofsuchperson'semploymentunderthedirectsupervisionandcontrolofanofficer,employeeoragentwhorendersprofessionalservicetothepubliconbehalfoftheprofessionalcorporationprovidedthat,nopersonshall,undertheguiseofemployment,practiceaprofessionunlessdulylicensedtopracticethatprofessionunderthelawsofthisStateNotwithstandinganyotherorcontraryprovisionsofthelawsofthisState,aprofessionalcorporation,organizedunderthischapter,maychargefortheservicesofitsofficers,employeesandagents,maycollectsuchcharges,andmaycompensatethosewhorendersuchprofessionalservicesDelC,DelLaws,cDelLaws,c,ChapternottoaffectprofessionalrelationshiplegalliabilitiesandstandardsforprofessionalconductnegligenceattachmentofassetsNothingcontainedinthischaptershallbeinterpretedtoabolish,repeal,modify,restrictorlimitthelawnowineffectinthisState,applicabletotheprofessionalrelationshipandthecontract,tort,andotherlegalliabilitiesbetweenthepersonfurnishingtheprofessionalservicesandthepersonreceivingtheprofessionalservice,andtothestandardsforprofessionalconduct,includingtheconfidentialrelationshipbetweenthepersonrenderingtheprofessionalservicesandthepersonreceivingsuchprofessionalservice,ifanyandallconfidentialrelationshipspreviouslyenjoyedunderthelawsofthisStateorhereafterenactedshallremaininviolateAnyofficer,employee,agentorshareholderofacorporation,organizedunderthischapter,shallremainpersonallyandfullyliableandaccountableforanynegligent,wrongfulacts,ormisconductcommittedbysuchperson,orbyanypersonundersuchperson'sdirectsupervisionandcontrol,whilerenderingprofessionalserviceonbehalfofthecorporationtothepersonforwhomsuchprofessionalserviceswerebeingrenderedThecorporationshallbeliableuptothefullvalueofitspropertyforanynegligent,wrongfulacts,ormisconductcommittedbyanyofitsofficers,employees,agentsorshareholderswhiletheyareengagedinbehalfofthecorporationintherenderingofprofessionalservicesTheassetsofaprofessionalcorporationshallnotbeliabletoattachmentfortheindividualdebtsofitsshareholdersNotwithstandingtheforegoing,therelationshipofanindividualtoaprofessionalcorporation,organizedunderthischapter,withwhichsuchindividualisormaybeassociated,whetherasofficer,employee,agent,orshareholderdirector,shallinnowaymodify,extend,ordiminishthejurisdictionoversuchindividual,ofandbywhateverstateagency,orofficewhichlicensedorotherwiselegallyauthorizedsuchpersonforortorenderserviceinaparticularfieldofendeavorDelC,DelLaws,cDelLaws,c,EngaginginotherbusinessprohibitedNocorporationorganizedunderthischaptershallengageinanybusinessotherthantherenderingoftheprofessionalservicesforwhichitwasspecificallyincorporatedprovided,however,nothinginthischapterorinanyotherprovisionsofexistinglawapplicabletocorporationsshallbeinterpretedtoprohibitsuchcorporationfrominvestingitsfundsinrealestate,mortgages,stocks,bonds,oranyothertypeofinvestments,orfromowningrealorpersonalpropertynecessaryfor,orappropriateordesirablein,thefulfillmentorrenderingofitsprofessionalservicesDelC,DelLaws,cIssuanceofcapitalstocktolicensedindividualsvotingtrustagreementsprohibitedholdingofstockbyshareholder'sestateNocorporation,organizedunderthischapter,mayissueanyofitscapitalstocktoanyoneotherthananindividualwhoisdulylicensedorotherwiselegallyauthorizedtorenderthesamespecificprofessionalservicesasthoseforwhichthecorporationwasincorporatedNoshareholderofacorporation,organizedunderthischapter,shallenterintoavotingtrustagreement,proxy,oranyothertypeofagreementvestinganotherpersonwiththeauthoritytoexercisethevotingpowerofanyorallofsuchshareholder'sstockSubjecttothecorporation'scertificateofincorporation,theestateofashareholderwhowasapersondulylicensedorotherwiselegallyauthorizedtorenderthesameprofessionalserviceasthatforwhichtheprofessionalcorporationwasorganizedmaycontinuetoholdstockpursuanttothecertificateofincorporationforareasonableperiodofadministrationoftheestate,butshallnotbeauthorizedtoparticipateinanydecisionsconcerningtherenderingofprofessionalserviceDelC,DelLaws,cDelLaws,c,Disqualificationofofficer,shareholder,agentoremployeeIfanyofficer,employee,agentorshareholderofacorporation,organizedunderthischapter,becomeslegallydisqualifiedtorendersuchprofessionalserviceswithinthisState,oreither(a)iselectedtoapublicofficethat,or(b)acceptsemploymentthat,pursuanttoexistinglaw,placesrestrictionsorlimitationsuponsuchperson'scontinuedrenderingofsuchprofessionalservices,suchpersonshallseverallemploymentwith,andfinancialinterestsin,thecorporation,forthwithAcorporation'sfailuretorequirecompliancewiththisprovisionshallconstituteagroundfortheforfeitureofitscharteranditsdissolutionWhenacorporation'sfailuretocomplywiththisprovisionisbroughttotheattentionoftheofficeoftheSecretaryofState,theSecretaryofStateshallforthwithcertifythatfacttotheAttorneyGeneralforappropriateactiontodissolvethecorporationDelC,DelLaws,cDelLaws,c,DelLaws,c,SaleortransferofsharesExceptasprovidedinofthistitle,noshareholderofacorporation,organizedunderthischapter,maysellortransfersuchshareholder'ssharesinthecorporation,excepttothecorporation,ortoanotherindividualwhoiseligibletobeashareholderofsuchcorporation,andthesaleortransfermaybemadeonlyafterthesameshallhavebeenapproved,atastockholders'meetingspeciallycalledforsuchpurpose,oratanannualmeetingwithdays'noticeofsuchadditionalpurpose,bysuchproportion,notlessthanamajority,oftheoutstandingstockentitledtobevotedonthatquestionasmaybeprovidedinthecertificateofincorporationorinthebylawsAtsuchshareholders'meetingthesharesofstockheldbytheshareholderproposingtosellortransfersuchshareholder'ssharesmaynotbevotedorcountedforanypurposeThecertificateofincorporationmayprovidespecificallyforadditionalrestraintsonthealienationofshares,andmayrequiretheredemptionorpurchaseofsuchsharesbythecorporationatpricesandinaspecificmanner,orauthorizethecorporation'sboardofdirectorsoritsshareholderstoadoptbylawsrestrainingthealienationofsharesandprovidingforthepurchaseorredemptionbythecorporationofitssharesprovided,however,suchprovisions,dealingwiththepurchaseorredemptionbythecorporationofitsshares,maynotbeinvokedatatimeorinamannerthatwouldimpairthecapitalofthecorporationDelC,DelLaws,cDelLaws,c,PriceforsharesIfthecertificateofincorporationorbylawsofaprofessionalcorporationfailtofixapriceatwhichaprofessionalcorporationoritsshareholdersmaypurchasethesharesofadeceased,retired,expelledordisqualifiedshareholder,andifthecertificateofincorporationorbylawsdonototherwiseprovide,thenthepricefortheshareorsharesshallbethebookvalueattheendofthemonthimmediatelyprecedingthedeathordisqualificationoftheshareholderBookvalueshallbedeterminedbyanindependentcertifiedpublicaccountantemployedbytheprofessionalcorporationThedeterminationbythecertifiedpublicaccountantofbookvalueshallbeconclusiveontheprofessionalcorporationanditsshareholdersDelC,DelLaws,cPerpetualcorporateexistenceAcorporationunderthischaptershallhaveperpetualexistenceuntildissolvedinaccordancewithotherprovisionsofthischapterDelC,DelLaws,cConversionintobusinesscorporationWheneverallshareholdersofacorporation,licensedunderthischapter,ceaseatanytime,andforanyreason,tobelicensed,certifiedorregisteredintheparticularfieldofendeavorforwhichsuchcorporationwasorganized,thecorporationshallthereuponbetreatedasconvertedintoandshalloperatehenceforthsolelyasabusinesscorporationunderapplicableprovisionsofChapterofthistitle,exclusiveofthischapterDelC,DelLaws,cTimefortransferofsharesupondeathordisqualificationWithindaysfollowingthedateofdeathofashareholder,orwithindaysfollowingsuchshareholder'sdisqualificationtoownsharesinthecorporation,asprovidedinthischapter,allofthesharesofsuchshareholdershallbetransferredto,andacquiredby,thecorporationorpersonsqualifiedtoownsuchsharesIfnootherprovisiontoaccomplishsuchtransferandacquisitionisineffectandcarriedoutwithinsaidperiod,thecorporationshallthereafterpurchaseandredeemallofsuchshareholder'ssharesofitsstockatthebookvaluethereof,determinedasoftheendofthemonthimmediatelyprecedingdeathordisqualificationForthispurpose,thebookvalueshallbedeterminedfromthebooksandrecordsofthecorporationinaccordancewiththeregularmethodsofaccountingusedbyitforthepurposesofdeterminingitsnettaxableincomeforfederalincometaxpurposesandnosubsequentadjustmentofsuchincome,whetherbythecorporationitself,byfederalincometaxauditmadeandagreedto,orbyacourtdecisionwhichhasbecomefinal,shallaltertheredemptionpriceNothingcontainedinthissectionshallpreventthepartiesinvolvedfrommakinganyotherarrangementorprovisioninthecertificateofincorporation,bylaws,orbycontracttotransferthesharesofadeceasedordisqualifiedshareholdertothecorporationortopersonsqualifiedtoownthesame,whethermadebeforeorafterthedeathordisqualificationoftheshareholder,providedthatwithintheperiodspecifiedbythissection,allthestockinvolvedshallhavebeensotransferredDelC,DelLaws,cDelLaws,c,CorporatenameThecorporatenameofacorporationorganizedunderthischaptershallcontaineitherawordorwordsdescriptiveoftheprofessionalservicetoberenderedbythecorporationorshallcontainthelastnamesoformoreofitspresent,prospectiveorformershareholdersorofpersonswhowereassociatedwithapredecessorperson,partnership,corporationorotherorganizationorwhosenameornamesappearedinthenameofsuchpredecessororganizationThecorporatenameshallalsocontainthewords"chartered"or"professionalassociation"orabbreviation"PA"Theuseoftheword"company,""corporation"or"incorporated"oranyotherword,words,abbreviations,affixorprefixindicatingthatitisacorporation,inthecorporatenameofacorporationorganizedunderthischapter,isspecificallyprohibitedHowever,itshallbepermissiblefortheprofessionalservicecorporationanditsshareholderstorenderprofessionalservicesandtoexercisethecorporation'sauthorizedpowersunderanamewhichisidenticaltoitscorporatenameexceptfortheomissionofthewords"chartered"or"professionalassociation"ortheomissionoftheabbreviation"PA"DelC,DelLaws,cDelLaws,c,ApplicabilityofGeneralCorporationLawconsolidationormergerofcorporationsannualreportThistitleshallbeapplicabletoacorporationorganizedpursuanttothischapter,excepttotheextentthatanyoftheprovisionsofthischapterareinterpretedtobeinconflictwiththeprovisionsofthistitle,andinsucheventtheprovisionsandsectionsofthischaptershalltakeprecedencewithrespecttoacorporationorganizedpursuanttothischapterAprofessionalcorporation,organizedunderthischapter,mayconsolidateormergeonlywithanotherprofessionalcorporationorganizedunderthischapter,empoweredtorenderthesamespecificprofessionalserviceandamergerorconsolidationwithanyforeigncorporationisprohibitedSectionsofthistitleshallbeapplicabletoacorporationorganizedpursuanttothischapterbutinadditiontotheinformationcalledforontheannualreportofallcorporationsbythoseprovisions,theannualreportofacorporationorganizedpursuanttothischaptershallcertifythatitsshareholders,directorsandofficerslistedonsuchreportaredulylicensed,certified,registeredorotherwiselegallyauthorizedtorenderthesameprofessionalorotherpersonalserviceinthisStateDelC,DelLaws,cDelLaws,c,ConstructionofchapterThischaptershallnotbeconstruedasrepealing,modifyingorrestrictingtheapplicableprovisionsoflawrelatingtoincorporations,salesofsecurities,orregulatingtheseveralprofessionsenumeratedinthischapter,exceptinsofarassuchlawsconflictwiththischapterDelC,DelLaws,
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