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首页 环境科学专业英语期末试题

环境科学专业英语期末试题.doc

环境科学专业英语期末试题

carey立伦
2017-10-17 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《环境科学专业英语期末试题doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

环境科学专业英语期末试题理工学院期末考试试卷,级环境科学专业学年度第二学期,课程名称环境科学专业英语A卷本试卷共六大题~卷面满分分~答题时间分钟。题号一二三四五六总分复核人得分得分评卷人一、请根据缩写写出单词全称:(本题共小题每小题分共分)BOD:BiologicalOxygenDemandTOC:TotalOrganicCarbonVSS:VolatileSuspendedSolidCBA:CostBenefitAnalysisNPS:NewProductionSkill二、请写出下列术语的英文表达:(本题共小得分评卷人题每小题分共分)富营养化:Eutrophication活性淤泥:activatedsludge反向渗透:reverseosmosis新陈代谢:metabolization曝气池:aerationtank三、请根据下列英文解释写出相应的英文词得分评卷人系别专业,班级,姓名学号………………………密……………………封…………………………装…………………订………………………线………………………汇:(本题共小题每题分共分)ProcesswherebywaterchangesfromliquidtogasEvaporationThephysicalandbiotichabitatwhichsurroundsusEnvironmentOnetreatmentprocessaimedtodisposethesuspendedsolidsandgritsinthewastewaterPrimarytreatmentTheprocessbywhichwastesareconvertedintoenvironmentfriendlyendproductswiththehelpofmicroorganismBiodegradationTheprocessinwhichsuspendedsolidsjoinedtogethertosettledownwithflocculantFlocculation四、阅读理解:(本题共分每小题分)得分评卷人PassageIneverysocietyitisnecessarytohaveageneralsystemoflawstoensurejusticeLawsaredesignedtomakecertainthatpeople'srightsareprotectedandthatpeoplerespecteachother'srightsSometimes,however,lawsarepassedwhicharespecifictoatimeorsituationForexample,atowninIndianaoncepassedalawmakingitillegaltoshootopenacanoffoodApparently,someguncarryingcitizensforgottheircanopenersandnaturallyenough,usedtheirgunstodothejobThisdisturbedothercitizens,andendangeredtheirlives,soalawwaspassedtopreventitSpecificlawssometimesremaininexistencelongaftertheproblemhasdisappearedThelawsthenseemstrangeForexample,theIndianalawwasnolongernecessarywhencitizensstoppedcarryinggunsandusingthemascanopenersSincethelawwasnolongerneeded,whatoncemadesensenowseemslikenonsenseSometimeslawsdesignedtoserveagoodpurposewerepassedbutsomehowthesebecamemixedupintheirwordingAsaresult,thelawsdon'tmakesenseInonestatethereisalawwhichsaysthatitis"illegaltomoveortoattempttomoveamotorvehicle"Obviously,amassivetrafficjamwouldoccurifeveryonesuddenlyobeyedthatlawButnoonedoes,ofcourse,becausetheintentionofthelawwasnottopreventownersfrommovingtheirowncarsItwastopreventpeoplefrommoving(stealing)otherpeople'scarsItisoftenhardertorepealalawthantopassone,somanyoftheseoldlawsremaininexistenceBecausetheynolongerfitthewaypeopleliveorbecausetheproblemnolongerexists,theselawsareignoredEveryoneunderstandsthatandlifegoesonThus,lawsthatoncemadeverygoodsense,nowseemlikenonsenseAccordingtothepassage,lawsaredesignedforthepurposeofAAprotectingpeople'srightsBmakingpeoplerespecteachotherCpreventingguncarryingDpunishingcriminalsTheword"job"inparagraphreferstoCAworkingBshootingCopeningacanDdisturbingothersTheauthorusedtheIndianalawasanexampletoexplainCAhowsomelawsarepassedandchangedBhowpeopleinIndianaopencansCwhysomelawsmayseemstrangeDwhypeopleinIndiananolongerusetheirgunsWhat'stheproblemwiththelawconcerningmotorvehiclesBAItleadstotrafficjamsBItisnotclearlywrittenCItisnotdesignedtoserveagoodpurposeDIthasbeenoutofdateWecanconcludefromthepassagethatDAalawsystemisnecessaryforeverysocietyBsomelawsthatdon'tmakesensemayalsogetpassedCitismoredifficulttochangetheoldlawthanpassanewoneDsomelawsmayseemstrangeastimepassesPassageItisoveryearssincefirstatomicbombwasdroppedonamajorcityinJapanYetevennowitseffectareshowingthemselvesandmaycontinuetodosoforyearstocomeMucheffortandhumanenergyhavebeenusedtotrytopreventsuchterrifyingthingfromhappeningagainSofarthereisnoguaranteethatitwillnotCountrieswhichalreadypossessnuclearknowledgeandresourceshavebombsstoredawaywhicharepowerfulenoughtowipeoutalllifeonearthButthisisnotallOthercountries,whichpreviouslywerenotsoadvancedintechnology,aregraduallybuyingmaterialsthatcanbeusedformakingatomicdevicesThisnuclearenergywillnaturallybeofgreatvalueinhelpingtheeconomyofpoornations,butitalsomeansthattherearefarmoreopportunitiesforthemanufactureofbombsThegenerationofelectricitythroughnuclearpowercamedirectlyfromtheoriginalworkontheatombombBecauseoftheincreaseindemandforenergyandthepossibilityofdecreasingsuppliesofoilandnaturalgas,theinterestinelectiricityhasincreased,Oneofthebyproductsofnuclearpowerstationsisplutoniumproducedfromnuclearfuel:plutoniumisingredientinbombmakingThisbringstheproblemtoafullcircleagainHowcansomethingsovaluableandusefulbecontrolledsothatitworksforthebenefitandnotthedestructionofmanInthewriter’sview,effectsofdroppingthefirstatomicbombDAarenotoverBmaygoneonforeverCcouldlastmuchlongerDwillnotbeoverinthenearfutureThewritersaysthatenoughatomicbombshavealreadybeenmanufacturedtoDAwipeoutJapanBlastforeverCactasapeacrkeepingdeviceDdestroyalllivingthingsThewriterbelievesthattheadvantageoflessdevelopedcountriesbeingabletomakeatomicdevicesisthatitBAgivesthemmoreopportunitiesforworkBwillhelppoorcountriestobecomericherCwillenablethemtomakebetterexplosivesDwillbeofgreatvaluetothemThewriterimpliesthatmostpeopletodaydonotrejectnuclearweaponsbecauseCAtheyareunimportantBtheythinkthattheirexistencewillpreventcountriesfromgoingtowarCtheyarestoredoutofthewayDtheyhavebecomeaccutomedtothemThesecondparagraphtellsusthattheincreaseddemandforelectricitytodayDAhasledtothedecreaseinsuppliesofoilBmeansthatmorecountriesareinterestedinnuclearpowerChasincreasedtheriskofaccidentalexplosionsDhasincreasedtheverymeansofproducingmoreatomicbombs五、英译汉(本大题共小题每小题分共得分评卷人分):Catalystisthechemicalwhichcanbeusedrepeatedlyinareactionwithoutbeingconsumed催化剂是在反应过程中可重复使用且不会消失的化学物质。Adsorptionistheprocessthatmoleculesofagasorliduidadheretothesurfaceofasolid吸附作用是气体或液体分子粘附到固体表面的过程。Impuritiesinwaterwereclassifiedintosuspended,colloidal,ordissolved污水中的杂质可以划分为悬浮态的胶状的和溶解的。Measuredconcentrationstellusnothingaboutthedangercausedbypollutants,becausethresholdlevels,synergyarealsodetermingfactors测量的浓度自身并没有告诉我们污染物造成的危害因为临界浓度协同作用都是决定因素。whereverthereissuitablefood,sufficientmoisture,andanappropriatetemperature,microorganismswillthrive一个地方只要有合适的食物充足的水分和一个适当的温度微生物就能生存。Therearemanychemicalprocessincludingoxidation,reduction,precipitation,arecommonlyusedinindustrialwastewatertreatment许多化学过程包过氧化反应还原反应沉淀反应广泛应用于工业废水处理。六、汉译英:(本大题共小题每小题分共得分评卷人分)污水中的杂质可以划分为悬浮态的胶状的和溶解的。Impuritiesinwaterwereclassifiedintosuspended,colloidal,ordissolved催化剂是在反应过程中能加快化学反应速度的一种化学物质。Catalystisakindofchemicalwhichcanspeedupchemicalreactionrate许多化学过程包过氧化反应还原反应沉淀反应广泛应用于工业废水处理。Therearemanychemicalprocessincludingoxidation,reduction,precipitation,arecommonlyusedinindustrialwastewatertreatment氯气是废水消毒中最便宜和使用最广泛的化学试剂不幸的是它会产生不合要求的负影响。Chlorineistheleastexpensiveandmostoftenusedchemicalforwastewaterdisinfection,butunfortunatelyitproducessomeundesirablesideeffects

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