下载

0下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载特权
  • 现金文档折扣购买
  • VIP免费专区
  • 千万文档免费下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 城市交通调查--出行调查部分(Urban traffic survey part of trip…

城市交通调查--出行调查部分(Urban traffic survey part of trip investigation).doc

城市交通调查--出行调查部分(Urban traffic su…

原来丶再美好丶也经不住遗忘
2018-05-02 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《城市交通调查--出行调查部分(Urban traffic survey part of trip investigation)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

城市交通调查出行调查部分(Urbantrafficsurveypartoftripinvestigation)城市交通调查出行调查部分(Urbantrafficsurveypartoftripinvestigation)travelinvestigationsectionbriefintroductionofsurveyThemethodofonlinequestionnairewasadoptedinthisstudyInFebruary,,thequestionnairewasusedaspartofthe"friendofnature"projectoftheenvironmentalprotectionorganization,ridingBeijing,askingcitizensforanswersonthewebsiteofthefriendsofnatureThequestionnaireisdividedintothreeparts:"dailycommuting","travelinformation"and"personalinformation"Therearetopics(sometopicsautomaticallyjumpaccordingtotheanswerofcitizens)InFebruarymonths,atotalofquestionnaireswerereceived,ofwhichwerevalid,accountingforofthetotalanalysisofthesurveyresultscommutingmodeFrequencystatisticsoftravelmodesadoptedbyLcommutingandcommutingwasn'tselectedbikewholejourneyprivatecartaxiwholecoursepublictransportationwalkingprivatecarschangedintopublictransportfrequencyThreeFortyfourFourteenFourThirtyfiveTwentyfourThreePercentageOnepointtwoSeventeenpointoneFivepointfourOnepointsicomeaboveyuan,thereasonforchoosingthewholemotorvehicletripishigherthanothermodesoftravelInthechoiceofdifferentmodesoftravel,theannualincomeoflessthanyuanofthecrowdisthemainbiketravel,anditsnumberismuchhigherthanotherincomegroupsTheannualincomeoflessthanyuanandmorethanyuanchoosethenumberofmotorvehiclesthemostTheannualincomeofyuanintotalpartofwalkingandwalkingcyclingpartofthevehicletothemostpeople,theannualincomeofyuanofpeoplechoosethenumberofothertravelmostAgeandmodeoftripTripmodeTotaldeletionvaluebikefullvehiclewalkingpartofthewalkingbicyclepartofthemotorvehicleotherAgeUnderyearsoldFiveFourTwoTwoOneFourteenyearsoldTwoThirtytwoFortynineTwentyThirtyfourFourOnehundredandfortyoneyearsoldSevenThreeTwoTwelveTotalTwoTwoFortyfourFiftysixTwentyfourThirtysixFiveAmongthepeopleundertheageof,thenumberofpeoplewhochoosethewholebicycletravelisthemost,followedbythechoiceoffullvehicletravelAmongtheyearoldpopulation,thenumberofmotorvehicleswasthemost,followedbypartofwalkingbicyclevehicles,andthenumberofbicycleswasthethirdInyearsofage,thenumberoftotalbicycletravelmost,choosetheentirevehicletripthenextfactorsaffectingtravelchoiceEvaluationoftheinfluencedegreeofeachfactorontripchoiceinLbicyclefacilitiesmotorvehicletrafficbikesafetybicyclestoragesafetyAirpollutionofpavementTotalReasonablevalueSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineaveragevalueThreepointnineoneThreepointtwooneFourpointtwofiveTwopointeightfourFourpointzerooneMedianFourThreeFourThreeFourModeFourThreeFiveThreeFourisitconvenienttosittogetherCanaffordothertransportationdistancedressconsiderationTotalReasonablevalueSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineaveragevalueThreepointseveneightThreepointeightfiveFourpointzerosevenFourpointoneeightMedianFourFourFourFourModeFourFourFour(a)Inthequestion"ifyoudecidetotravelbybikeifyouthinkthefollowingfactorsaffectonyourtravelmuch,peopleofdifferentfactorsscore,scorebetweenoneandfive,thehigherthescore,themoreimportantfactors,thegreatertheimpactontravelFromthetable,wecanseetheimpactofthesefactorsontheirtravelchoiceFromtheaveragescore,thehighestscoreisbicyclesafety,followedbywhethercyclingaffectsclothing,thirdisthedistancebetweentheroad,indicatingthatthepublicisthechoicetoridethefirstconsiderationisthethreeproblemsThelowestscoreisthesafetyofbicyclestorage,andthesecondisthecongestionofroadvehiclesTherefore,itcanbeseenthatthepublicisveryconcernedaboutsomepersonalproblems,suchaspersonalsafetyandclothingwhenchoosingthemeansoftransportationTheseconcernsarebeyondthepursuitoftravelefficiencyOntheotherhand,thepublicisnotveryconcernedaboutthebicycleparkingproblem,thatistosay,thepublicisnotveryconcernedaboutthedestinationthereisnosafeandreliableparkingequipment,aslongasthereisaplacetoputitOverall,medianandmodescoremorethanpointsinthefactorsofbicyclefacilitiesisperfect,cyclingsafety,airpollution,roadbusisconvenient,canaffordothermodesoftransportation,traveldistanceandcyclingaffectdressItshowsthatpeopleshouldconsidertheseproblemsfirstwhentheytravelTheseproblemscanbedividedintotwoaspectstoconsider,ontheonehandisthepersonalsafety,humanhealth,personalimageandsavemoney,suchascyclingroadsafety,airpollution,canaffordothermodesoftransportation,whethertheimpactofcyclingdressOntheotherhandtravelefficiencyconsiderations,ifthedistanceisfar,thebikewillbeawasteoftime,andsothepeopletiring,maynotchoosetotravelbybikeifyoutakethebusmoreconvenient,sopeopletendtotakethebus,becauseitcansavemanpower,fastandconvenientFactorsaffectingthemodeandmedianscorebelowpointsiswhetherthevehicleroadcongestionandbicyclestorageconditionsInfact,roadvehiclecongestionisaveryimportantfactoraffectingpublictravelefficiency,butfromthepublic'spointofview,theywillnotbecauseofroadcongestionandnotdriving,nottotakethecarPeoplearemoreconcernedaboutthelatterthantheotherfactorsthataffecttravelefficiency,suchasdistanceandtheconvenienceoftakingpublictransportIfthedistanceisfaraway,convenienttotakepublictransportation,eveniftheroadcongestion,thepublicwillchoosetotakepublictransport,ratherthanridingThemostinfluentialfactorsofLbicyclefacilitiesmotorvehicletrafficbikesafetybicyclestoragesafetyAirpollutionofpavementisitconvenienttosittogetherfrequencyTwelveFifteenThirtytwoFourteenTwentynineSeventeenPercentageFourpointsevenFivepointeightTwelvepointfiveFivepointfourElevenpointthreeSixpointsixCanaffordothertransportationdistancedressconsiderationSubtotalMissingvalueTotalfrequencyTwoFortysevenOneOnehundredandseventyfiveEightyeightTwohundredandfiftysevenPercentageZeropointeightEighteenpointthreeZeropointfourSixtyeightpointoneThirtyfourpointtwoOnehundredThen,letthecitizenschooseoneofthemostinfluentialfactorsintheirchoiceoftravelintheseninefactorsTheresultsshowedthatofthepublicthoughtthatthedistanceoftheroadwasthemostimportantfactorinfluencingwhethertheycouldusebicycleasatraveltoolSecondly,ofthepublicbelievedthatcyclingsafetyhadthegreatestimpactontheirchoiceoftravelpatternsofthecitizensbelievethatthemostimportantfactoriswhethertheairpollutionintheroadisseriousSo,fromthepublic'sanswer,canreflect,thedistanceistoofar,roadconditionscausedbytheconfusionofsafetyhazardsandairpollutionmaypavementdamagetotheirhealth,willgreatlyreducethepublicbicycletravelconsiderationsIftheabovetwoproblemsareintegrated,itisnotdifficulttofindthatthepublicconsiderwhetherriding,oneofthemostimportantistheconsiderationofdistance,oneisthepersonalhealthconsiderationsBeijingflatsurface,geographicalenvironmentisverysuitableforriding,buttheurbanareaislarge,whentraveldistanceisfaraway,peoplebelievethatcyclingisnotanidealwayoftravelTheimprovementoftrafficorder,asafecyclingenvironment,andthepublicbelievethattheywillpromotemorebicycletravelWhenthetrafficpollutionisserious,cyclingwillmaketheirownmaximumexposuretoharmfulpollutants,willcausedamagetothehealthofhumanbody,dustandsolidparticlestopersonalhealthconsequencesforbicyclesPrivatecarattitudecomparisonoftwomodesoftravelThequestionnairelistssentencesofjudgmentsothatcitizenscanchoosetoscore"Veryagree"scorewas,the"consent"scorewas,"don'tknow"scorewas,"disagree"scorewas,"verydisagree"scorewasHerearethestatisticsofthescoresofthesejudgments:QQQQQQTotalReasonablevalueSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineaveragevalueThreepointsixsixOnepointfoursixThreepointninesixTwopointtwofourThreepointninethreeTwopointzerooneMedianFourOneFourTwoFourTwoModeFourOneFourTwoFourTwoQQQQQTotalReasonablevalueSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightSixtyeightMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineOnehundredandeightynineaveragevalueFourpointfouroneThreepointsevenoneTwopointzerooneTwopointzerofourThreepointonethreeMedianFiveFourOneTwoThreeModeFiveFourOneTwoThreeLQinBeijing,privatecartravelshouldbecomethemainstreamtrendfrequencyPercentageOneTwoTwoFifteenFivepointeightThreeSixTwopointthreeFourTwentysixTenpointoneFiveNineteenSevenpointfourSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredInthefirstjudgment"inBeijing,privatecartravelshouldbecomethemainstreamtrend",thechoiceof"disagree"thelargestnumberofpeople,followedby"verydisagree""Theaveragescoreofthejudgmentisthemode,andthemedianscoreis,indicatingmorenumberofpeopledonotagreewiththeMorepeoplebelievethatprivatecarsshouldnotbethemainstreamtrendHowever,alargenumberofcitizensholdapositiveattitudetowardsitOnthisissue,theattitudeofcitizensisnotveryconsistentLQshouldencourageshorttripstousebicyclesfrequencyPercentageOneFortytwoSixteenpointthreeTwoTwentytwoEightpointsixThreeThreeOnepointtwoFourOneFiveSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveSubtotalOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveMissingvalueTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredTotalInsecondjudgment"shouldencouragethetripusingbicycle",select"stronglyagree"mostofthepeopleliving,choose"yes",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisSomostpeopleagreewiththisjudgmentThatistosay,mostofthecitizensareverysupportiveoftheuseofbicyclesforshorttripsLQshouldreducetheroadconstructionofbicyclesinthefuturefrequencyPercentageOneOneTwoSixTwopointthreeThreeElevenFourpointthreeFourTwentysevenTenpointfiveFiveTwentythreeEightpointnineSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredInthirdjudgment"inthefutureshouldreducetheroadconstruction"bicycle,choose"no"mostpeople,habitatselection"stronglydisagree",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisTherefore,mostpeoplebelievethatbicycleroadconstructionshouldnotbereduced,inturn,theyhaveapositiveattitudetowardsincreasingbicycleroadconstructionLQshouldconsiderbicycletravelmoreinthefuturetransportationandmanagementfrequencyPercentageOneSixteenSixpointtwoTwoThirtyfiveThirteenpointsixThreeFiveOnepointnineFourNineThreepointfiveFiveThreeOnepointtwoSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredInfourthajudgmentinthefutureandtrafficmanagementshouldconsidermorebicycletravel",selectthe"consent"ofmostpeople,habitatchoice"stronglyagree",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisTherefore,mostpeopleagreethatmoreattentionshouldbepaidtobicycletravelintermsoftrafficandmanagementLQshouldreducetheproportionofbiketripsinthefuturefrequencyPercentageOneThreeOnepointtwoTwoThreeOnepointtwoThreeElevenFourpointthreeFourThirtyElevenpointsevenFiveTwentyoneEightpointtwoSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredCenturyDragonNetworkwelcomesyou~!:Infifthjudgment"inthefutureshouldreducetheproportionofbicycles",select"no"mostpeople,habitatselection"stronglydisagree",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisItshowsthatmostpeopledonotagreetoreducetheproportionofbicycletrips,andconversely,theyagreethattheproportionoffuturebicycletravelshouldbemaintainedorincreasedOneofthemainreasonsleadingtothedeteriorationofairqualityinBeijingLQistheincreaseofmotorvehiclesfrequencyPercentageOneTwentysixTenpointoneTwoTwentyeightTenpointnineThreeFourOnepointsixFourSevenTwopointsevenFiveThreeOnepointtwoSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredOneofthemaincausesinthesixthjudgment"leadstothedeteriorationofairqualityinBeijingisincreasedmotorvehicle",selectthe"consent"ofmostpeople,habitatchoice"stronglyagree",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisThemajorityofcitizensbelievethattheincreaseinmotorvehiclesledtothedeteriorationofairqualityinBeijingLQbicycleisabackwardmodeoftransportationfrequencyPercentageOneOneTwoTwoThreeThreeOnepointtwoFourTwentyfourNinepointthreeFiveThirtyeightFourteenpointeightSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredInsevenththejudgmentof"bicycleisabackwardmodeoftransportation",select"stronglydisagree"mostofthepeopleliving,choose"no",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisTherefore,mostpeoplestronglyopposethisjudgmentTheydon'tthinkbicyclesarebackwardmeansoftransportation,buttheyaresuitableforthedevelopmentofthetimesLQusesprivatecarstotravelasasymbolofwealthandstatusfrequencyPercentageOneOneTwoFifteenFivepointeightThreeSevenTwopointsevenFourTwentyfiveNinepointsevenFiveTwentySevenpointeightSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredIneighthjudge"theuseofprivatecarsisasymbolofwealthandstatus,choose"no"tomostpeople,habitatselection"stronglydisagree",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisTherefore,morepeopledonotthinkthattheuseofprivatecarstravelisasymbolofwealthandstatusOntheotherhand,thenumberofcitizenswhochoose"consent"isalsoquitelarge,whichshowsthattheattitudeofcitizensisdispersedinthisissueLQbikeisahealthyandenvironmentallyfriendlywaytotravelfrequencyPercentageOneThirtysixFourteenTwoFourOnepointsixThreeTwentythreeEightpointnineFourOneFiveFourOnepointsixSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredInninththejudgmentof"bicycleisinsideahealthyandenvironmentallyfriendlywaytotravel",select"quiteagreewith"mostpeople,"livingtimedonotknowtheaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisInthisjudgment,morepeoplehaveaverypositiveattitude,thatthebicycleishealthyandenvironmentallyfriendlywaytotravel,mostoftheremainingcitizenschosevagueattitude,theydonotknowwhetherthebicycleisgoodfortheirhealthandtheenvironmentLQmultiusebicycleandlessprivatecarcanimprovetheatmosphericconditioninBeijingfrequencyPercentageOneTwentytwoEightpointsixTwoThirtyElevenpointsevenThreeNineThreepointfiveFourFiveOnepointnineFiveTwoSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredIntenthjudge"bicycleuseprivatecarslesscanimprovetheatmosphericconditionsofBeijing",selectthe"consent"ofmostpeople,habitatchoice"stronglyagree",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisThemajorityofthecitizensagreewiththisstatementLQshouldrequirecycliststowearhelmetsfrequencyPercentageOneFiveOnepointnineTwoNineThreepointfiveThreeTwentynineElevenpointthreeFourTwentytwoEightpointsixFiveThreeOnepointtwoSubtotalSixtyeightTwentysixpointfiveMissingvalueOnehundredandeightynineSeventythreepointfiveTotalTwohundredandfiftysevenOnehundredIneleventhjudge"shouldprovidetheriderwearinghelmet",select"don'tknow"mostofthepeopleliving,choose"no",theaveragescoreofjudgmentis,andthemedianscoremodeisThisshowsthatmostcitizensareunfamiliarwiththepracticeofwearinghelmets,whilesomeofthemarenotexclusiveLsummaryAttitudetowardsbicyclesMostpeoplesupportthebicycletravelattitude,thinkitisakindofadapttothedevelopmentofthetimes,notoutdatedtravelmodeSo,intheshortdistancetravel,theysupporttheuseofbicycles,buttheyalsothinkthatthegovernmentshouldincreasethebicycletravelneedsconsiderationintrafficplanningandroadconstructioninthefuture,improvecyclingenvironmentHowever,somecitizensarevagueaboutwhetherbicyclesareenvironmentallyfriendlyandbeneficialtohealth,indicatingthattheyarenotveryawareoftheeffectsofbicyclesontheenvironmentandhealthAttitudetowardsprivatecarsThepublic'sattitudetowardsprivatecarsiscontradictoryOntheonehand,theybelievethattheincreaseofmotorvehicles,includingprivatecars,exacerbatedtheairpollutioninBeijing,andmorecyclingandlessdrivingcanimprovetheatmosphericconditioninBeijingHowever,ontheotherhand,aconsiderablenumberofcitizenshaveacertaindesireforprivatecarsTheybelievethatprivatecarsarethesymbolofidentityandwealth,andprivatecartravelwillbethemainstreamtrendoftrafficdevelopmentinthefutureTheattitudeofwearinghelmetsoncyclingMostcitizensareveryunfamiliarwithcyclinghelmets,whileothersdon'tthinkit'snecessaryInfact,wearingahelmetisaneffectivewaytoprotectyourheadwhileridingItisworthpopularizingHowever,publicacceptanceandapprovalofthispracticemayrequirelongtermpublicitydistanceandsingletripCountSingletripTotalOneTwoThreedistanceWithinkilometersFortytwoFiveEightFiftyfivekmElevenTwoFifteenTwentyeightkmTenSevenSeventeenkmFourThreeSevenMorethankilometersTwoOneTwoFiveTotalSixtynineEightThirtyfiveOnehundredandtwelveThroughthepublictravelinatripinthetraveldistance,travelmode,travelmode,day,weatherandotherstatements,youcanunderstandthepublicinarealtripishowtochooseAscanbeseenfromthechart,inlessthankmdistance,mostpeoplechooseabicycleinasingletrip,kmtokmwithinthetraveldistance,travelinthewordnumberofthewholebicycleisgreatlyreduced,selectthepartofthevehiclepartofbicycletravelcitizensincreasednumbermorethantheentirebicycletravelWiththefurtherincreaseofdistance,thenumberofpeoplechoosingvarioustravelmethodsisgraduallyreducedTherefore,traveldistanceisveryimportantforpeopletochoosebicycletravelIntheshortdistancetravelwithinkilometers,peoplebelievethatbicycletravelismoreefficient,somoreuseofthiswayoftravelconclusionsandrecommendationsFromtheresultsofthesurvey,bicycle,busandwalk,especiallybicycles,stilloccupyadominantpositioninthedailycommutingofcitizens,andtheirproportionoftravelishigherthanothertravelchoicesHowever,thenumberofprivatecarsisalsoverylarge,andwiththeeconomicdevelopmentandthefurtherincreaseofnationalwealth,suchgroupswillbefurtherexpandedGreentransportationislikelytobereplacedbynongreentrafficIncommutingcommuting,menandwomenhavenosignificantdifferencesinchoiceoftravelmodes,butthereisabigdifferenceintravelchoicebetweencommuterswithdifferenteducationalbackgrounds,incomeandageIngeneral,thebachelordegree,ortheannualincomeoflessthanyuan,orpeopleundertheageof,themostinclinedtochoosethewholebiketravelTakewhatkindoftravelmodeinconsideration,themajorityofpeoplewillconsiderridingsafety,ridingdressandroaddistanceaffectthethreefactors,andlessconsiderationofbicyclesafetyandroadtrafficcongestionsituationTherefore,toprotecttheinterestsofcyclists,weshouldfocusonensuringtheirridingsafetyIndependentindependentbicyclelane,flat,clearroad,trafficflowcontrolappropriateintersection,allhelptoensurethesafetyofcyclists,promotemorepublicuseofbicycletravelInaddition,mostpeoplebelievethatthedistancebetweentheroadandthedistanceisthemostimportantfactoraffectingwhethertheyadoptbicycleasameansoftravelTherefore,thepromotionofbicycletravelinshortdistanceisofpositivesignificancebothinimprovingtravelefficiencyandreducingemissionsMostofthecitizenshaveapositiveattitudetowardsthismodeoftravelandtheimprovementofbicycleroadfacilities,andarewillingtotravelbybikeinshortdistancetravelButtheydon'tknowmuchaboutthebenefitsofbicyclestotheenvironmentandhumanhealthIncontrast,mostpeopleunderstandtheairpollutioncausedbymotorvehicles,butthecardoesnothaveastrongconflict,aconsiderablepartofthepeoplethinkthatprivatecarisasymbolofwealthandstatus,andprivatecarswillbethefuturetrendoftransportationdevelopmentTherefore,thecitizensofgreentravelmode,theunderstandingofbicycles,privatecars,isstillintheinitialstageWiththedevelopmentofthetimes,bicycleshavethenewsignificanceofenvironmentalprotection,energysavingandhealth,thesemeanings,ItwillinjectnewvitalityintothistraditionalmodeoftransportationHowever,theseimportantmeaningsneedtobefurtherunderstoodbythepublicsothattheycanbepopularizeddatasource:"statisticalyearbookofBeijingcity"ZhangRui,WuHaiyan"Beijingtraffictripmodereasonablestructuremodel",JournalofBeijingInstituteofCivilEngineeringandArchitecture,twentyfirstvolume,firstissueBeijingtrafficauthoritywwwbjysjgovcnGuoWeidong,LvKe,LiangQinghuai"urbantrafficimpactontheenvironmentanditscountermeasures",JournalofNorthernJiaotongUniversity,volumesecond,twentyseventh,AprilDingWeidong,LiuMing,DugangTrafficmodeandurbangreentrafficWuhanUniversityofScienceandTechnolog

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

评分:

/45

VIP

在线
客服

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利