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首页 中考英语单词积累

中考英语单词积累.doc

中考英语单词积累

习惯这样123
2017-09-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《中考英语单词积累doc》,可适用于高中教育领域

中考英语单词积累中考英语单词积累上到初中大部分学生都认为英语难学主要原因是英语单词难记。这是什么原因造成的呢,主要原因有三点:一、小学生在读小学时记英语单词没有严格要求记住它们的拼写单词的读、写方面是次要的。因为小学生学习英语的目的是培养学生学习英语的兴趣和初步的英语听说能力。英语课堂上是通过做游戏、搞活动、听简单的英语歌曲来学习英语。小学要求学生学英语的目的是能听会说简短的日常用语和用简单的英语进行交际就很好了。但初中生的要求则不同上到初中学习英语的目的更明确:要求初中生掌握英语听、说、读、写的综合运用能力二、小学生在读小学时还没有学习英语国际音标对记英语单词的记忆造成了一定的困难和影响三、学生还没有一套行之有效的科学记忆方法。由于初中生存在以上几种情况所以他们觉得英语单词难记但初中学生英语单词掌握的多少直接影响到学生学习英语的质量。学生要想记牢、记多英语单词应结合以下方法来记单词:一、在对话或短文中学习单词切忌死记硬背词汇表单词只有在句子中才能赋予其生命力才能体现明确的意义和用法有助于更好的理解。脱离词汇赖以生存的土壤句子和文章而死记词汇表记忆难以持久是学不好词汇的。因为这只能学得单词的个别意义而不能对之总括了解虽对阅读有些帮助但很难把它准确地用于说写中。比如说一个学生在背得单词happy有“高兴”的意思后在阅读中能明白“Ihopeyouarehappyeveryday!”的意思但若要他把“我希望你天天快乐”这句话口头或笔译成英语时他很可能会译成“Ihopeyouhappyeveryday!”没有掌握happy一词的词性用法。而且很多单词的汉译一样但在地道的英语实际运用中意义用法却不相同。因此要在学习中借助于英汉双解在阅读中全面理解积极积累。比如在阅读学习中遇到单词应尽量列出该词的各种意义、常见词组、例句和习语并尽量尝试运用。地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacom二、理解和记忆词汇的一些方法、及时记忆法课堂效率是提高学习效率的关键。要求上课时要用一种积极的态度能自主确定记忆词汇的目标认真听讲争取趁热打铁当堂记住。如一节课学习个单词给自己设定任务:我必须全部记住如果有个单词则必第安人的印度人的n印第安人印度人industryn工业产业地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacominfluencen影响informationn信息inkn墨水油墨insideprep在„„里面insistv坚持坚决认为insteadad代替顶替instructionn说明须知教导intentionn意图,目的interestn兴趣趣味interestinga有趣的internationaln国际的Internetn互联网英特网interviewnv采访会见面试intoprep到„„里向内变成introducev介绍introductionn引进介绍inventv发明创造inventionn发明创造invitev邀请招待ironnv铁熨斗熨烫islandn岛itprop它itspron它的itselfpron它自己Jjacketn短上衣夹克衫Januaryn月Japann日本Japanesen日本人日语a日本的日本人的日语的jeansn牛仔裤jobn(一份)工作joinv参加假如连接会合jokenv笑话joyn欢乐高兴乐趣juicen汁液Julyn月jumpv跳跃惊起猛扑Junen月justad刚才恰好不过仅地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomabit(of)有一点儿acoupleof两个几个agroupof一群akindof一种一类alotof(lotsof)许多apairof一双一副apieceof"一(块,张,片,件)"accordingto按照根据afterall"终究,毕竟"afterschool放学后agreewithsb同意某人的意见allday(long)整天allover到处allright行了好吧(病)好了allthesame"还是,仍然"allthetime一直alltheway一路上andsoon等等apologizetosbforsth为某事向某人道歉arriveatinaplace到达某地aswell也又askfor请求寻求atbreakfastlunchsupper早午晚餐时atfirstlast起先开始的时候最后终于athome在家(里)atleastmost至少至多atonce立刻马上atpresent"现在,目前"atschool在学校在上课atthemoment"此刻,目前那时,当时atthesametime同时atwork在工作atonweekends在周末beableto能够(有能力)beafraidof害怕beangrywithsb生某人的气bebadfor有害于beborn出生于bebusywithdoingsth忙于做某事becarefulwith小心becoveredwith被„„覆盖bedifferentfrom与„„不同地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacombefamiliarto对„„熟悉befamousfor以„„而著名befondof爱好befullof充满begoodpoorat善长于对„„比较差beinterestedin对„„感兴趣bekeenon喜爱belatefor„迟到belocated(inonat)位于bemadeof由„„制成bemadeupof由„„组成beon"上演,上映"bepleasedwith对„„满意beproudof为„„而感到自豪bereadyfor为„„作准备besurprisedat对„感到惊奇bethankfultosb对某人很感激beusedto习惯于beworriedabout为„„而担心becauseof由于belongto属于breakinto"闯入,破门而入"byairmail寄航空邮件bybus乘公共汽车byoneself亲自byphone打电话bytheway顺便说顺便问一下callon拜访carefor照顾喜欢carryout执行catch(a)cold着凉伤风changeone'smind改变主意checkin办理登机comeacross被理解遇见comefrom出生于来自comeon快走吧跟我来cometoanend结束cometoknow知道cometolife显得逼真苏醒cometrue实现communicatewith与„„交流comparewith与„„比较地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomcoveranareaof占地面积cutdown砍倒dealwith处理dependon"依靠,依赖"dieof因„„病而死doone'sbest尽最大努力dosbafavour帮某人忙dosomeshopping买东西dowith"处置,处理"dreamof梦见dressup穿着打扮eachother互相eatup"吃光,吞噬"enjoyoneself过得愉快enterfor报名参加falloff从„跌落faraway(from)(离)遥远fillin"填充,填写"findout找出查明了解finishoff吃完喝完forever永远forexample例如forthefirsttime第一次forthetimebeing"暂时,眼下"fromdoortodoor挨家挨户fromnowon从此以后今后fromtimetotime不时有时getalongon(with)进展与„相处getback返回getin进入收集getintheway挡道getoff下车geton上车getreadyfor为„„作准备getridof摆脱gettiredof对„„感到厌倦getto到达getup起床giveback归还送回giveout分发givesbahand助某人一臂之力giveup放弃地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomgoahead先走向前走去吧干吧goshoppingbowling去购物打保龄球goforaswim去游泳gohome回家goinfor参加从事于酷爱goon继续goonadiet实行节食goonapicnic去野餐goonwithdoingsth继续做某事goout熄灭goover复习仔细地再读一遍gosightseeing去观光goto(the)hospital去医院(看病)gotobed就寝gotocollege上大学gotoschool上学gotosleep入睡gotothecinemamovie(s)去看电影goup走上前去gowrong出错growup成年长大hadbetter最好还是还是„„好handin上交happentodo碰巧做happentosb发生到某人身上have(got)to不得不haveaclasslesson上课haveagoodtime玩得很愉快过得很愉快havebreakfast吃早餐havenoidea不清楚havepityonsb怜悯某人havesports进行体育活动hearfrom收到„„来信hearof听说helpsbwithsth帮助某人做某事hereandthere到处holdameeting举行会议holdon等一等(别挂电话)holdone'sbreath屏住呼吸holdup举起hugeamountsof大量的hurryoff匆忙离开地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacominahurry匆忙inaminute一会儿inaddition另外inall总共inchargeof"主管,负责"inEnglish用英语infact事实上实际上infrontof在„„前面inhospital住院inline成一排成一直线innotime立刻inone'sfifties在某人五十多岁时inone'sopinion根据某人看法inorderto为了inreturn作为回报insurprise惊奇地intheend最后终于inthefuture在将来inthemiddleof在„„中间intheyearstocome在即将来临的几年里inthisway这样intime及时introuble处于困境中insteadof代替而不是joinin参加加入justaminute等一下justnow现在刚才keepdoingsth继续做某事keepfit保持健康keepfrom使„„不做keepintouch(with)(与„„)保持联系keepoff阻挡不让„„接近keepquiet保持安静keepsbbusy让某人忙个不停knockover撞倒撞翻lateron过后后来laughat嘲笑laythetable(饭前)摆好餐具learn„from向„„学习leave(secondary)school(中学)毕业leaveamessage留个口信leavefor动身去地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomlessmorethan少于多于letout放出lineup整队排成行listento听„„(讲话)liveon靠„„为生lookafter照料照顾lookat看观看lookfor寻找lookforwardto期待着looklike看上去象显得lookoutof从„„朝外看lookup查寻抬头看loseone'sway迷路loseweight减肥makeafilm拍电影makeafire生火makealiving谋生makeamistake出差错犯错误makeanoise弄出声makefriendswith与„„交朋友makefunof拿„开玩笑makemoney挣钱赚钱makethebed整理床铺makeout辨认出makeprogress取得进步makeupone'smind下决心meettheneedsof迎合„„的需要meetwith遭遇nextto紧挨着紧靠着nolongernot„anylonger不再not„atall"(用来加强语气)一点也不,根本不"nowandthenagain时而偶而ofcourse当然ofone'sown属于某人自己的onbusiness"有事,出差"onfoot步行走路onholiday在休假onone'sside在某人一边onshow在展出ontheotherhand另一方面onthephone在听电话ontheright在右边地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomontheone'sway(to)在去„„的路上ontime准时onweekdays在工作日onceaday每天一次onceeveryfouryears每四年一次oncemore再次oneafteranother"一个接一个,连续地"oneanother互相operateonsb为某人动手术outof从„„里出来缺乏outofdate过时overandover再三一遍又一遍overthere在那边payfor付„钱买中学英语易混易错词汇总结clothes,cloth,clothingclothes统指各种衣服谓语动词永远是复数cloth指布为不可数名词clothing服装的总称指一件衣服用apieceof,anarticleofincident,accidentincident指小事件,accident指不幸的事故Hewaskilledintheaccidentamount,numberamount后接不可数名词number后接可数名词anumberofstudentsfamily,house,homehome家包括住处和家人house房子住宅family家庭成员Myfamilyisahappyonesound,voice,noisesound自然界各种各样的声音voice人的嗓音noise噪音Ihatetheloudnoiseoutsidephoto,picture,drawingphoto用照相机拍摄的照片picture可指相片图片电影片drawing画的画Let'sgoandseeagoodpicturevocabulary,wordvocabulary词汇一个人拥有的单词量word具体的单词Hehasalargevocabularypopulation,peoplepopulation人口人数people具体的人Chinahasalargepopulationweather,climateweather一天内具体的天气状况climate长期的气候状况Theclimatehereisnotgoodforyouroad,street,path,wayroad具体的公路马路street街道path小路小径way道路途径takethisroadinthestreet,showmethewaytothemuseumcourse,subject地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomcourse课程(可包括多门科目)subject科目(具体的学科)asummercoursecustom,habitcustom传统风俗习俗也可指生活习惯后接todohabit生活习惯习惯成自然后接ofdoingI'vegotthehabitofdrinkingalotcause,reasoncause指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因后接ofsthdoingsthreason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由后接forsthdoingsththereasonforbeinglateexercise,exercises,practiceexercise运动锻炼(不可数)exercises练习(可数)practice(反复做的)练习Practicemakesperfectclass,lesson作"课"解时,两者可以替换指课文用lesson指班级或全体学生用classlessonclassspeech,talk,lecturespeech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说talk日常生活中的一般的谈话讲话lecture学术性的演讲讲课aseriesoflectureon„officer,officialofficer部队的军官official政府官员anarmyofficerwork,job二者均指工作。work不可数job可数agoodjobcouple,paircouple主要指人或动物pair多指由两部分组成的东西apairoftrouserscountry,nation,state,landcountry侧重指版图疆域nation指人民国民民族state侧重指政府政体land国土国家Thewholenationwassadatthenewscook,cookercook厨师cooker厨具Heisagoodcookdamage,damagesdamage不可数名词,损害损失damages复数形式,赔偿金$damagespolice,policemanpolice警察的总称后接复数谓语动词policeman指某个具体的警察Thepolicearequestioningeveryoneinthehouseproblem,questionproblem常和困难连系前面的动词常为thinkabout,solve,raisequestion常和疑问连系多和ask,answer连用man,amanman人类aman一个男人Manwillconquernaturechick,chicken二者均可指小鸡chicken还可以当鸡肉Thechickenisdelicioustelegram,telegraph当电报解时telegram指具体的telegraph指抽象的atelegram,bytelegraphtrip,journey,travel,voyage地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomtravel是最常用的trip指短期的旅途journey指稍长的旅途voyage指海上航行athreedaytripsport,gamesport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动如打球游泳打猎赛马等game指决定胜负的游戏通常有一套规则Hisfavoritesportisswimmingprice,prizeprice价格prize奖奖品奖金winthefirstprizeThepriceishighlowanumberof,thenumberofanumberof许多谓语动词用复数。thenumberof„的数目谓语动词用单数。Thenumberofstudentsisincreasinginfrontof,inthefrontofinfrontof范围外的前面inthefrontof范围内的前面Inthefrontoftheroomsitsaboyoftheday,ofadayoftheday每一天的当时的当代的ofaday暂时的不长久的afamousscientistofthedaythreeofus,thethreeofusthreeofus我们(不止三个)中的三个thethreeofus我们三个(就三个人)ThethreeofusTom,JackandIwenttothecinemabybus,onthebusbybus表手段方式不用冠词onthebus表范围Theywenttherebybusforamoment,forthemomentforamoment片刻一会儿forthemoment暂时一时Thinkingforamoment,heagreednextyear,thenextyearnextyear将来时间状语thenextyear过去将来时间状语Hesaidhewouldgoabroadthenextyearmorethanayear,morethanoneyearmorethanayear一年多morethanoneyear超过一年(两年或三年等)takeadvice,takethe(one's)advicetakeadvice征求意见taketheadvice接受忠告Herefusedtotaketheadviceandfailedagaintakeair,taketheairtakeair传播走漏taketheair到户外去散步Wetaketheaireverydayinaword,inwordsinaword总之一句话inwords口头上Inaword,youarerightinplaceof,intheplaceofinplaceof代替intheplaceof在„地方Anewbuildingisbuiltintheplaceoftheoldoneinsecret,inthesecretinsecret秘密地暗自地偷偷地一般用作状语inthesecret知道内情知道秘密一般用作表语Mymotherwasinthesecretfromthebeginningagirl,onegirl地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomagirl可泛指所有女孩,onegirl一个女孩Canonegirlcarrysuchabigboxtakeachair,takethechairtakeachair相当于sitdown坐下takethechair开始开会gotosea,bysea,bytheseagotosea当海员出航bysea乘船由海路bythesea在海边gobyseathedoctorandteacher,thedoctorandtheteacherthedoctorandteacher指一个人既是医生又是老师thedoctorandtheteacher两个人一个医生和一个老师thedoctorandteacherisinoffice,intheofficeinoffice在职的intheoffice在办公室里Heisinoffice,notoutofofficeinbed,onthebedinbed卧在床上onthebed在床上ThebookisonthebedHeisillinbedinchargeof,inthechargeofinchargeof管理负责照料inthechargeof由„„照料HeisinchargeofthematterThematterisinthechargeofherinclass,intheclassinclass在课上intheclass在班级里Heisthebeststudentintheclassonfire,onthefireonfire着火,onthefire在火上PutthefoodonthefireThehouseisonfireoutofquestion,outofthequestionoutofquestion毫无疑问的outofthequestion不可能的asecond,thesecondasecond又一再一thesecond第„„Hewonthesecondprizebyday,bythedaybyday白天bytheday按天计算Theworkersarepaidbythedaythepeople,apeoplethepeople指人apeople指民族TheChineseisapeacelovingpeopleit,oneit同一物体one同类不同一IlostmypenIhavetobuyanewonethat,thisthat指代上文所提到的this导出下文所要说的IwasillThat'swhy„none,nothing,noonenone强调有多少nothing,noone强调有没有nothing指物noone指人Howmany„Howmuch„Noneanyone,anyoneanyone指人不能接ofanyone指人物均可可接ofanyoneofyouwho,whatwho指姓名或关系what指职业或地位WhatisyourdadHeisateacherwhat,whichwhat的选择基础是无限制的which在一定范围内进行选择Whichdoyouprefer,bananasorapplesother,another地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomother后接名词复数another后接名词单数otherstudents,anotherstudentnotalittle,notabitnotalittle非常notabit一点也不I'mnotabittired我一点儿也不累。many,much,alotofmany和可数名词连用much和不可数名词连用alotof可数不可数均可但不用于否定句Ihaven'tmanybooksmuchmore„than,manymore„thanmuchmore„than后接形容词或不可数名词manymore„than后接可数名词manymorepeople,muchmorewater,muchmorebeautifulno,notno=notaanynofriend=notaanyfriendnowater=notanywaternomorethan,notmorethannomorethan相当于only仅仅只有notmorethan至多不超过majority,mostmajority只能修饰可数名词most可数不可数均可themajorityofpeoplebyoneself,foroneself,tooneself,ofoneselfbyoneself单独的独自的foroneself为自己tooneself供自己用的ofoneself自行的自动的Thedooropenedofitselfatall,afterallatall根本全然,afterall到底毕竟Afterallheisachildtall,hightall常指人或动物high常指物体Heistallfast,quicklyfast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快runfast,answerthequestionquicklyhigh,highlyhigh具体的高highly抽象的高高度的thinkhighlyofhealthy,healthfulhealthy健康的健壮的healthful有益于健康的healthfulexercisesleeping,asleep,sleepysleeping正在睡觉asleep睡着熟睡只能做表语sleepy困的有睡意的asleepingbabyThebabyisasleepI'msleepygold,goldengold指真金制品golden指金色的但金鱼用goldfishagoldringmost,mostlymost用于表感受的肯定句中相当于very当大部分大多数解时是形容词或名词mostly大部分,是副词mostpeople,thepeoplearemostly„just,veryjust表强调时是副词作状语very表强调时是形容词用作定语theveryman,justthemanwide,broad地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomwide侧重于一边到另一边的距离broad侧重于幅面的宽广broadshouldersreal,truereal真的真实的指的是事实上存在而不是想象的true真的真正的指的是事实和实际情况相符合realgold,atruestoryrespectful,respectablerespectful尊敬有礼貌respectable可敬的值得尊敬的berespectfultotheagedoutwards,outward二者均可用作副词表示向外外面outward还可用作形容词anoutwardvoyagepleasant,pleased,pleasingpleasant常用作定语pleased,pleasing常用作表语pleased主语常为人pleasing主语常为物apleasanttripThetripispleasingunderstanding,understandableunderstanding明白事理的能体谅的understandable可理解的能够懂的anunderstandinggirl,anunderstandablemistakeclose,closelyclose接近靠近closely紧紧地紧密地closelyconnected,standcloseill,sickill做表语sick定表均可asickboygood,wellgood形容词well副词但指身体状况是形容词Heiswellagainquiet,silent,stillquiet安静的可以发出小的声音silent不发出声音但可以动still完全不动完全无声响Hestandtherestill他站在那儿一动不动也不说话。hard,hardlyhard努力hardly几乎不workhardIcanhardlybelieveitable,capableable与不定式todo连用capable与of连用Heiscapableofdoing„almost,nearly二者均为"几乎,差不多"和否定词连用用almostalmostnobodylate,latelylate迟晚lately最近近来Ihaven'tseenhimlatelyliving,alive,live,livelyliving,alive,live均为活着的living定表均可alive定表均可定语后置live只能做定语lively意为活波的allthelivingpeople=allthepeoplealiveexcited,excitingexcited使人兴奋的exciting令人兴奋的I'mexcitedThenewsisexcitingdeep,deeplydeep具体的深deeply抽象的深深深地deeplymoved,digdeepaloud,loudaloud出声地loud大声地readaloud(出声地读)worth,worthy二者均为值得worth后接doingworthy后接tobedone,ofbeingdone地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomItisworthvisiting=It'sworthytobevisited=It'sworthyofbeingvisitedbad,badlybad形容词badly副词不好但与need,want,require连用为"很非常"gobadIneedthebookbadlybeforelong,longbeforebeforelong不久以后longbefore很久以前notlongbefore=beforelongquite,ratherquite完全地相当于completely,rather修饰比较级quiteimpossiblehappy,gladhappy高兴幸福定表均可glad高兴只能做表语ahappygirlinstead,insteadofinstead是副词放在句首或句末insteadof是介词短语放在句中Hedidn'tseeafilmInsteadhewatchedTVHewatchedTVinsteadofseeingafilmtoomuch,muchtootoomuch后接不可数名词muchtoo后接形容词muchtooheavybeaboutto,begoingto,betodobeaboutto表最近的将来后面不接时间状语begoingto侧重打算想法betodo侧重意志计划安排I'mtomeethim(含双方事先约好的意思)raise,riseraise及物动词rise不及物动词Thesunrisesintheeastbring,take,carry,fetchbring拿来take带走carry随身携带fetch去回这一往返动作fetchaboxofchalkspend,take,pay,costspend人做主语花钱花时间spend„onsthindoingsthtake物做主语花时间pay人做主语花钱payforcost物做主语花钱join,joinin,takepartinjoin加入某个组织并成为其中的一员joinin参加小型的活动,joinsbintakepartin参加大型的活动Hejoinedthearmyfiveyearsagolearn,studylearn学习侧重学习的结果study学习侧重学习的过程研究studytheproblemwant,hope,wishwant打算想要wanttodo,wantsbtodo,hope希望(通常可以实现)hopetodohopethat„wish希望(通常不能实现)wish(sb)todo,wishsbsthnIwishyousuccessdiscover,invent,findoutdiscover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西invent发明本来不存在的物体findout发现查明Atlasthefoundoutthetruthanswer,replyanswer及物动词reply不及物动词后接toreplytotheletterleave,leaveforleave离开leavefor前往HeleftBeijingforShanghai地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomrob,stealrob抢劫robsbofsthsteal偷stealsthfromsbshoot,shootatshoot射死shootat瞄准但不一定射中Heshotthebirdanditdieddrop,falldrop及物不及物均可fall不及物动词PricesfelldroppedHedroppedhisvoicesearch,searchforsearch后接地点searchfor后接东西Hesearchedhispocketformoneyusedto,beusedtousedto过去常常beusedto习惯于后接sthdoingsth被用来后接dosthHeisusedtogettingupearlywin,lose,beatwin后接sth反义词为lose,beat后接sbwinthegame,beatthemliveon,livebyliveon以„为主食liveby靠„谋生liveonfishlivebyfishingbeat,hit,strikebeat连续性地击打hit打中对准打strike打一下或若干下beatthewingsmeet,meetwithmeet遇到meetwith体验到遭遇到meetwithanaccidentlose,misslose失去(具体的物体)错过sthislost,losethechancemiss想念错过sthismissing,missthechancebetiredof,betiredwithfrombetiredof厌烦„betiredwithfrom因为„而累了betiredwithfromrunningmeterscareabout,careforcareabout关心计较在乎一般多用于否定句中carefor关心照料喜欢愿意Hedoesn'tcareabouthisclothesIdon'tcareformoviescatchacold,haveacoldcatchacold不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用而haveacold可以Shehashadacoldforaweekchangefor,changeintochangefor调换成changeinto变成ChangetheshirtforabiggeroneWaterchangesintoicecontinue,last二者均为持续continue主动被动均可last只能用主动ThewarcontinuedlastedfiveyearsThestoryistobecontinuedfeed,raisefeed喂养养活饲养(togivefoodto)raise饲养养育(causetogrow,bringupchildren)raisethefamilygoforadoctor,gotoadoctorgoforadoctor去请医生gotoadoctor去看病地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomnotice,observe,catchsightofnotice注意到observe观察仔细地看catchsightof突然看到observethestarsinsiston,sticktoinsiston坚持要求后常接doing,stickto坚持,后常接sthsticktotheplanlook,seem,appearlook指从外表上看seem指内心的判断appear指给人以表面的印象appearwise,looklikehisfathergather,collectgather把分散的东西集中到一起collect指精心地、有选择地进行收集collectstampsmeantodo,meandoingmeantodo打算想要做某事meandoing意思是意味着BythisImeangivingthestudentsmorepracticediefrom,dieofdiefrom表示死于(枪)伤虚弱过度劳累饮食过度等dieof表示死于疾病饥饿寒冷年老忧愁失恋等精神因素dieofhungerandcoldpayfor,payback,payoffpayfor为„付钱payback还钱但不一定还清payoff还清payforthebook,payoffthedebtdivide,separatedivide把一个整体分成几部分separate把连在一起的个体分开dividetheapple,separatethehousesarrive,get,reacharrive不及物动词后接in(大地点)at(小地点)get不及物动词后接toreach及物动词arriveinBeijing,gettoBeijing,reachBeijinggrow,plantgrow使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去plant移植移栽已经长成秧苗的植物plantthetrees,treesaregrowingmanage,trymanagetodo设法做成了某事trytodo尽力去做某事但不一定成功Hetriedtopasstheexam,buthefailedchoose,selectchoose凭个人的判断力进行选择select有目的地仔细认真地选择choosethebestanswerbuild,putup,setup,foundbuild一般用语建成putup临时搭建setup建成(内部的设施基本齐全)found国家或组织的建成putupatent,setupaschoolbefamiliarto,befamiliarwithbefamiliarto某物对某人来说是熟悉的befamiliarwith某人熟悉某物ThebookisfamiliartomeI'mfamiliarwiththebookagreewith,agreeto,agreeonagreewith同意某人agreeto同意某事agreeon在„上达成一致意见主语是复数agreewithyou,agreetotheplan地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomthrowto,throwatthrowto扔到„,throwat朝„扔Hethrowastoneatmereceive,acceptreceive收到某一东西但不一定接受accept接受Ireceivedagift,butIdidn'tacceptitwear,puton,dresswear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时dress接人,bedressedin,puton表动作It'scoldoutsidePutonyourwarmclotheslisten,hearlisten强调动作hear强调结果Ilistened,butIheardnothinglook,see,watchlook看的动作see看的结果watch强调所看物体的变化、移动和发展watchTVlie,laylie躺位于(lay,lain),说谎(lied,lied)lay平放(laid,laid)laythebookworkas,actasworkas工作是„actas充当某种职务或身份或扮演某种角色HeworksasateacherHeactsasaninterpretermove,removemove动一动但不一定移走remove从一处移到另一处removethetabletothekitchenhurt,injure,woundhurt感情上受伤injure事故中受伤wound战争中受伤Hewaswoundedinthewarturn,get,growturn表突变后常接表颜色的词get强调变的结果grow强调过程逐渐的变化turnyellow,gettired,growbigclose,shut,turnoffclose和shut当关解时可以通用用于可开合的物体turnoff用于指有开关的物体CloseShutthedoorTurnofftheTVsetout,setabout,setoff指出发着手解时setout后接todosetabout后接doing,setoff后接forspbegin,startbegin侧重时间的开始反义词为endstart侧重由静到动的转折反义词为stopClassbeginsat:amhappen,takeplacehappen偶然性的没有预料到的事情的发生takeplace必然性的发生Greatchangeshavetakenplaceinmyhometownat,in(表地点)at小地点in大地点arriveatasmallvillage,arriveinShanghaiatwork,inworkatwork在工作在上班inwork有职业有工作BothmyparentsareatworkTheyarenotathomeincreaseto,increasebyincreaseto增长到„increaseby增长了„Thenumberincreasedby,to,地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacomatease,witheaseatease舒适地安逸地withease容易地无困难地doitwitheasedayafterday,daybydaydayafterday日复一日(无变化)daybyday一天天地(有变化)Treesgrowtallerdaybydaylike,aslike相似关系但并不等同as同一关系两者实为一体Don'ttreatmeasachild(Infact,I'machild)after,in(表时间)after接时间点in接时间段after:,infiveminutesbetween,amongbetween两者之间三者或三者以上两两之间,among三者或三者以上之间SwitzerlandliesbetweenFrance,Germany,AustraliaandItalyafter,behind(表位置)after强调次序的先后behind强调物体静态位置的前后Therearemanytreesbehindthehousesince,for(完成时间状语)since接点时间或一句话for接一段时间forthreeyears,since:地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinacom地址:宣武区白纸坊桥东天缘公寓A座室Address:RmTianyuanMansionA,BaizhifangBridgeXuanwuDistrictBeijing电话(Phone):邮箱(Email):kayasinaco
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