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首页 大学英语六级改错讲义(张子宏)

大学英语六级改错讲义(张子宏).doc

大学英语六级改错讲义(张子宏)

王chao王
2019-06-16 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《大学英语六级改错讲义(张子宏)doc》,可适用于综合领域

中华英语学习网wwwyingyucom官方总站:圣才学习网wwwxuexicom大学英语六级改错讲义(张子宏)第一节介词考点:中心词介词of例:Moreandmorepeopleliveintownsandcitiesinsteadonfarmandinvillages(,No)例:Thefamily’srecreationandsociallifechieflyconsistedadriveinthewagontothenearbysmalltownorvillagetotransactsomebusinessaswellastochatwithneighborswhohadalsocometotown(,No)考点:中心词介词to例:PeopleareearninghigherwagesandsalariesThisleadschangesinthewayoflife(,No)例:Similarly,wefeelcomfortablewithpeoplewithphysicalqualitiessimilarasours(,No)考点:中心词介词on例:……,butsuchreasonsaretotallydependentinthebalanceofrisksandbenefitsforthepatients(,No)考点:中心词介词with例:Ineveryhomeastereoortelevisionwillfilltheroomssound(,No)考点:中心词介词for例:Bigcitiesoftheworldarewellknownbytheirnoisiness(,No)j固定搭配:onthecontrary,ononehand…ontheotherhand,onpurpose,onbusiness,onthewhole,onthespotk表位置,指与某物面碰面的接触:onthewall,ontheearth考点:介词onl表时间,置于某日前:onMayth,onSunday,onthemorningofm表时间,指“在……之后,立即……”:onourarrivalnon和to合成的介词onto:表示运动的方向和场所,意为“到……上,在……上”。getontothebus,slipontothefloor例:……,onthecontrast,theintimateatmosphereofthesmallcollegeallowsthestudentsfouryearsofstructurallivinginwhichtoexpectandpreparefortherealworld(,No)例:Menhaveexploredpartsofthemoon,putspaceshipsinorbitaroundanotherandpossiblywithinthedecadewilllandintoanotherplanetandexploreit(,No)考点:其它常用介词的基本含义j介词in:表示“在(某空间)里面”,构成“in空间、范围”k介词for:表示“为某一目的而准备”或者,for用于表示持续的时间表原因l介词from:表示“特定地点或时间的起点”或者,指特定的“来源或起因”中华英语学习网wwwyingyucom官方总站:圣才学习网wwwxuexicomm介词by:表示“按照,根据,由,依据,”或者,为“借助于,通过”例:Onsomefields,thishadclearlynothappened(,No)例:……aboutanAmericanwhohadbeeninvitedtoanArabmealatoneofthecountriesoftheMiddleEast(,No)例:Ifhewasabsentbecauseofsickness,therewasoftennojobfromhimwhenhereturned(,No)例:Weaskedalady,whorepliedthatshethoughtyoucouldtellawellmanneredpersononthewaytheyoccupiedthespacearoundthem……(,No)例:…,andwinningaffectionandrespectinthiswaywithoutawareoftheirmethods(,No)例:Then,abouttenyearsago,whenthisimmenselylongformativeperiodofhuntingforfood,theybecamefarmers(,S)第二节动词考点:使役动词感官动词sbdosthsbdodoingsth例:Theybelievethatitwasgoodbusinesstohiremen,womenandchildrenascheaplyaspossible,makethemtoworkashardastheycouldand,…(,No)例:Youcanpassanyfactoryorconstructionareaandtheroarofitsmachinerywillmakeyourearsringing(,No)考点:主语及物动词宾语主语不及物动词例:Thefarmerarousedatdawnorbeforeandhadmuchworktodo,withhisownmusclesashischiefsourceofpower(,No)例:…isahighlypersonalmatter,notadecisionweshouldremaintodoctorsalone(,No)例:Youmayhavenoticedabouthowpeoplewholiveorworkcloselytogethercometobehaveinasimilarway(,No)例:Butperhapsweshouldlookatbothsidesofthecoinbeforearrivinghastyconclusion(,No)例:HisArabhost,whohadbeenwatching,saidofnothing,butimmediatelycopiedtheactionofhisguest(,No)考点:分词作定语的用法:jing分词中心词ked分词中心词例:Soasportsman’sindividualwayofwalkingwithraisedshouldersisimitatedbyanadmiredfan(,No)例:Eventhequietofourcarefullyprotectedwildernessareascanbeinvadedatanymomentbyapassedjet(,No)考点:动词的ing与ed形式在谓语中的用法区别j主语beingk主语beed例:Decidinghowmuchdiscomfortandriskwearepreparingtoputupwithinthenameofbetterhealthis…(,No)例:…oneissurelyjustifiedinhisconcernforthemoneyandresourcestheyarepouredintothespaceexplorationefforts(,No)考点:其它需注意的动词用法j常见动词词组为固定短语,不可随意变更,如keepinmind,growup,calloff等。kthus,thereby等副词后常跟动词ing形式。lconsidering,regarding,concerning可作介词,其后接名词或动名词作介词宾语m连词and连接的并列动词为平行结构,或同为不定式,或同为分词形式。例:Thistendencyoftechnologytomakeworkerssuperfluousbutatthesametimeallowingtheirnumbertogrowupsolargeiscreatingpsychologicaltensions(,No)例:Butwemustkeepinheadthebillionsofdollarswemightspendincarryingouttheproject(,No)例:Thesmallcollege,however,generallyprovidesalimitednumberofcoursesandspecializationsbutoffersabetterstudentfacultyratio,thuspermitindividualizedattentiontostudents(,No)例:Considerthegreatneedforimprovingmanyaspectsoftheglobalenvironment,oneissurelyjustifiedinhisconcernforthemoney…(,No)例:…theintimateatmosphereofthesmallcollegeallowsthestudentfouryearsofstructurallivinginwhichtoexpectandpreparingfortherealworld(,No)第三节数词、名词和代词考点:j置于表时间的名词前:fifteenminutes,fiftyhoursk置于表距离的名词前:fortymiles,fourkilometresl置于表价格的名词前:thirtydollars基数词m置于表重量的名词前:threekilogramsn置于表温度的名词前:oFo表示考试得分:geteightyeightonthetestp表示尺码,置于表尺码的名词后:wearsizethirtyeightq表示物件数目或数量,置于名词前:twocaps,fournovelsj表示某月中的第几号:onJulytheth,onthethofSeptemberk表示在几世纪:inthethcenturyBC,intheeighteenthcenturyl表示运动会或其它大型活动的第几届:thethOlympicGamesm表示考试的排名:comeinthinthetestn表示顺序或位置,置于名词前:inthethrow,thendlongestriver例:Inthenineteencentury,farmworkandlifewerenotmuchchangedfromwhattheyhadbeenintheolddays(,No)例:Duringtheearlystagesoftheindustrialrevolution,perhapsoneineveryseventhdeathsinEurope’scrowdedcitieswascausedbythedisease(,No)考点:名词(noun)j可数名词(countablenoun)单数形式前用aan复数形式后加s或es。如:ajob,twocakes,threepotatoes。k不可数名词(uncountablenoun)前不可用aan,但可用the或不用没有复数形式。下列名词常用作不可数名词:accommodation(食宿),accuracy,advice,baggage,behaviour,bread,cash,clothing,equipment,fun,furniture,harm,information,knowledge,leisure,luck,lightning,living,luggage,machinery,money,news,paper,permission,produce(农产品),progress,scenery,traffic,travel,trouble,thunder,weather,work,uncertainty等。例:Thegovernmentalsoaffectsthekindofworkspeopledo(,No)例:Itseemsthattheprogressesofmanincludesarisingvolumeofnoise(,No)例:Canwebesoboldastosuggestthatwemaybeabletocolonizeotherplanetwithinthenottoodistantfuture(,No)例:Theyspentoveramillionyearevolvingascooperativehunters(,S)例:Therisksanduncertaintiesoffarmingwerenolongeressentialforsurvival(,S)考点:代词照应j人称照应:是指人称代词、物主代词、反身代词与其指代对象之间的照应。k指示照应:是由指示代词和指示限定词实现的照应关系。例:Thewidespreaduseofsuchelectricalappliancesmeansthatthereisaneedforservicementokeepitrunningproperly(,No)例:Andifhedoesnoticethematchingofhisgesturesormovements,hefindsitpleasingheisinfluencingpeople:theyaredrawntothem(,No)例:Amansurroundedbyflamesandsmokegenerallyconsidersthatjumpingoutofasecondfloorwindowisanacceptablerisktosaveitslife(,No)例:Theworkingmanhadlittleschoolingbeyondhiscraft,andtherewaslittlehopethattheirchildrenwouldhaveanythingbetter(,No)例:Youcanpassanyfactoryorconstructionareaandtheroaroftheirmachinerywillmakeyourearsring(,No)例:Abreakintheiremployment,oradecisiontoworkparttime,willslowitsraisesandpromotionsasitwouldformen(,No)例:Butifpercentofusdon’tneedtowork,whatarewegoingtodowithoneself(,No)例:Unconsciouslywecopytheseweareclosetoorloveoradmire(,No)考点:复合不定代词的用法用于疑问句、否定句例:Thefarmfamilygrewandmadealmostnothingitneeded(,No)例:Theworkingmanhadlittleschoolingbeyondhiscraft,andtherewaslittlehopethathischildrenwouldhavenothingbetter(,No)考点:先行代词itj作形式主语:it“be”名词形容词(offor名词代词)不定式k作形式宾语:主语动词it名词形容词不定式例:Theybelievedthatwasgoodbusinesstohiremen,womenandchildrenascheaplyaspossible(,No)例:Whiletechnologymakesthispossibleforfourorevensixbillionofustoexist,italsoeliminatesourjobopportunities(,No)第四节冠词考点:jbykbythe表方式表触及例:Dishwashersandwashingmachinesdojobsthatwereoncedonebythehand(,No)考点:bed,church,college,university,school,court,hospital,prison,sea等表处所的名词及名词work用来指有关活动时,一般不用冠词。例:Dayornight,thesoundoftheworkfillstheair(,No)考点:the先行词同位语从句(thatclause)例:Mostofthedollardifferencesstemfromfactthatwomentendtobemorerecentlyemployedandhavefeweryearsonthejob(,No)考点:冠词的习惯用法j习惯用定冠词的短语bythewayforthetimebeinginthecaseof(至于……)inthelongruninthehabitofinthepossessionofk习惯用不定冠词的短语allofasuddenasaruleasamatteroffactataloss(不知所措)onalargescaleinahurryhaveagoodtimekeepaneyeonlendahandl习惯用零冠词的短语atpresentathand(近在手边)atstakeattable(在进餐)atwarbywayof(经由)inhonorofintroubleinorder适当的)inadvanceinfashion(时兴、流行)infactincase(of)(如果)inpossessionof(拥有)例:Thistendencyoftechnologytomakewordssuperfluous(过剩)butatsametimeallowingtheirnumbertogrowsolargeiscreatingpsychologicaltensions(,No)考点:零冠词j表示洲的名词前:如Asia,Europe,America,Africa,Oceaniak表示国家、省市的名词前(但由短语组成的国家,或以s结尾的国家前需要用定冠词the):如China,Russia,France,Beijing,London

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大学英语六级改错讲义(张子宏)

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