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首页 Edward Morgan Forster福斯特简介

Edward Morgan Forster福斯特简介.doc

Edward Morgan Forster福斯特简介

Maurice敬辉
2019-04-29 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Edward Morgan Forster福斯特简介doc》,可适用于高等教育领域

EdwardMorganForster福斯特简介长篇小说:WhereAngelsFeartoTread天使们忘而却步的地方TheLongestJourney最漫长的旅程ARoomwithaView可以远眺的地方APassagetoIndia印度之行短篇小说集:TheEternalMoment永恒的时刻散文集:AbingerHarvest在阿宾格村的收获TwoCheersforDemocracybornJan,,LondondiedJune,,Coventry,Warwickshire,EnglEMForsterBritishnovelist,essayist,andsocialandliterarycriticHisfamerestslargelyonhisnovelsHowardsEnd()andAPassagetoIndia()andonalargebodyofcriticismForster'sfather,anarchitect,diedwhenthesonwasababy,andhewasbroughtupbyhismotherandpaternalauntsThedifferencebetweenthetwofamilies,hisfather'sbeingstronglyevangelicalwithahighsenseofmoralresponsibility,hismother'smorefecklessandgenerousminded,gavehimanenduringinsightintothenatureofdomestictensions,whilehiseducationasadayboy(daystudent)atTonbridgeSchool,Kent,wasresponsibleformanyofhislatercriticismsoftheEnglishpublicschool(private)systemAtKing'sCollege,Cambridge,heenjoyedasenseofliberationForthefirsttimehewasfreetofollowhisownintellectualinclinationsandhegainedasenseoftheuniquenessoftheindividual,ofthehealthinessofmoderateskepticism,andoftheimportanceofMediterraneancivilizationasacounterbalancetothemorestraitlacedattitudesofnorthernEuropeancountriesOnleavingCambridge,ForsterdecidedtodevotehislifetowritingHisfirstnovelsandshortstorieswereredolentofanagethatwasshakingofftheshacklesofVictorianismWhileadoptingcertainthemes(theimportanceofwomenintheirownright,forexample)fromearlierEnglishnovelistssuchasGeorgeMeredith,hebrokewiththeelaborationsandintricaciesfavouredinthelatethcenturyandwroteinafreer,morecolloquialstyleFromthefirsthisnovelsincludedastrongstrainofsocialcomment,basedonacuteobservationofmiddleclasslifeTherewasalsoadeeperconcern,however,abelief,associatedwithForster'sinterestinMediterranean“paganism,”that,ifmenandwomenweretoachieveasatisfactorylife,theyneededtokeepcontactwiththeearthandtocultivatetheirimaginationsInanearlynovel,TheLongestJourney(),hesuggestedthatcultivationofeitherinisolationisnotenough,relianceontheearthaloneleadingtoagenialbrutishnessandexaggerateddevelopmentofimaginationunderminingtheindividual'ssenseofrealityThesamethemerunsthroughHowardsEnd,amoreambitiousnovelthatbroughtForsterhisfirstmajorsuccessThenovelisconceivedintermsofanalliancebetweentheSchlegelsisters,MargaretandHelen,whoembodytheliberalimaginationatitsbest,andRuthWilcox,theownerofthehouseHowardsEnd,whichhasremainedclosetotheearthforgenerationsspirituallytheyrecognizeakinshipagainstthevaluesofHenryWilcoxandhischildren,whoconceivelifemainlyintermsofcommerceInasymbolicending,MargaretSchlegelmarriesHenryWilcoxandbringshimback,abrokenman,toHowardsEnd,reestablishingtherealink(howeverheavilythreatenedbytheforcesofprogressaroundit)betweentheimaginationandtheearthTheresolutionisaprecariousone,andWorldWarIwastoundermineitstillfurtherForsterspentthreewartimeyearsinAlexandria,doingcivilianwarwork,andvisitedIndiatwice,in–andWhenhereturnedtoformerthemesinhispostwarnovelAPassagetoIndia,theypresentedthemselvesinanegativeform:againstthevasterscaleofIndia,inwhichtheearthitselfseemsalien,aresolutionbetweenitandtheimaginationcouldappearasalmostimpossibletoachieveOnlyAdelaQuested,theyounggirlwhoismostopentoexperience,canglimpsetheirpossibleconcord,andthenonlymomentarily,inthecourtroomduringthetrialatwhichsheisthecentralwitnessMuchofthenovelisdevotedtolessspectacularvalues:thoseofseriousnessandtruthfulness(representedherebytheadministratorFielding)andofanoutgoingandbenevolentsensibility(embodiedintheEnglishvisitorMrsMoore)NeitherFieldingnorMrsMooreistotallysuccessfulneithertotallyfailsThenovelendsinanuneasyequilibriumImmediatereconciliationbetweenIndiansandBritishisruledout,butthefurtherpossibilitiesinherentinAdela'sexperience,alongwiththesurroundinguncertainties,areechoedintheritualbirthoftheGodofLoveamidscenesofconfusionataHindufestivalThevaluesoftruthfulnessandkindnessdominateForster'slaterthinkingAreconciliationofhumanitytotheearthanditsownimaginationmaybetheultimateideal,butForsterseesitrecedinginacivilizationdevotingitselfmoreandmoretotechnologicalprogressThevaluesofcommonsense,goodwill,andregardfortheindividual,ontheotherhand,canstillbecultivated,andtheseunderlieForster'slaterpleasformoreliberalattitudesDuringWorldWarIIheacquiredapositionofparticularrespectasamanwhohadneverbeenseducedbytotalitarianismsofanykindandwhosebeliefinpersonalrelationshipsandthesimpledecenciesseemedtoembodysomeofthecommonvaluesbehindthefightagainstNazismandFascismInhisoldcollegegavehimanhonoraryfellowship,whichenabledhimtomakehishomeinCambridgeandtokeepincommunicationwithbotholdandyounguntilhisdeathAlthoughthelaterForsterisanimportantfigureinmidthcenturyculture,hisemphasisonakindly,uncommitted,andunderstatedmoralitybeingcongenialtomanyofhiscontemporaries,itisbyhisnovelsthatheismorelikelytoberemembered,andthesearebestseeninthecontextoftheprecedingRomantictraditionThenovelssustainthecultoftheheart'saffectionsthatwascentraltothattradition,buttheyalsosharewiththefirstRomanticsaconcernforthestatusofmaninnatureandforhisimaginativelife,aconcernthatremainsimportanttoanagethathasturnedagainstotheraspectsofRomanticismInadditiontoessays,shortstories,andnovels,Forsterwroteabiographyofhisgreataunt,MarianneThornton()adocumentaryaccountofhisIndianexperiences,TheHillofDevi()andAlexandria:AHistoryandaGuide(newed,)Maurice,anovelwithahomosexualtheme,waspublishedposthumouslyinbutwrittenmanyyearsearlier

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