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首页 东胡人种考(Donghu race test)

东胡人种考(Donghu race test).doc

东胡人种考(Donghu race test)

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2018-09-15 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《东胡人种考(Donghu race test)doc》,可适用于社会民生领域

东胡人种考(Donghuracetest)东胡人种考(Donghuracetest)AccordingtoChinaancientliteraturerecords,atleastinthelateWarringStatesperiod,thestateofYaninthevastareaofnorthernactivitieshavebeenaweakandsettledinanimalhusbandryasthemaineconomicwayoflifeofthepeopleofeastWhataboutthearchaeologicalcultureofDonghuremainstheproblem,hascausedalotofcontroversyintheChinaarchaeologicalcircles,hasyettobefinalizedInearlys,ZhuGuiproposed,DepartmentofnortheastunearthedbronzedaggerswithcurvedbladetombsoftheclantotheEastfamilyLater,JinFengyiputforward"XiaDianShangculture"nonsense""Atthebeginningofs,LinYunquestionedJinFengyi'sviewsHefromarchaeology,philology,anthropologyandotherdata,demonstratestheupperXiajiadianCultureshouldnotbelongtotheEastandtofurtherexploretherelics,relicsoftheDonghu,presentedhisviewsDuetoproblemsrelatedtothearchaeologicalremainsDonghuinacademiccircleshasalwaysbeencontroversial,therefore,anthropologistisdifficulttodirectlyuseacopyofthedatatothebone,"East"ethnicidentificationandanalysisAccordingtothestudyofhistoricalrecordsandnationalhistory,generallybelievethatthecurrentacademiccircles,Xianbei,Khitan,MongoliaandotherethnicgroupsaredescendantsoftheeastThisisouruseofethnographicdataprovidesthepossibilitytodiscussindirectDonghuethnicissuesPaleethnologicalinformationaboutXianbei,haspublishedatotalofbatches,wereunearthedintheInnerMongoliaHulunBuirLeaguecompletedZhalainuoercemetery,Chifengcemetery,BahrainZuoqiNanYangJiaYingZi,WulanchabuLeaguesitethreeBay,seven,LangshanDongDaJingBaGou,thecemetery,LiaoningprovinceChaoyangCitytwelveTaiYingZi,Lamadongcemetery,thecountyofJilinprovinceandShanxiprovincecemeterygroundsinthesouthernsuburbsofDatonginNorthernWeiDynastyCemeteryThesetombswereroughlyfromtheEasternHanDynastytotheNorthernWeidynastyTheancientdocuments,inadditiontothecompletionofgroup,LamadonggroupandDatonggroupthanothergroupsshowedobviousconsistency,theyhavelow,shortandwidecranialskull,andsurfacehighandwideandgreatfacialflatness,shouldbelongtotheSiberiaMongoliaracecategoryThecompletionofthephysicalcharacteristicsofgroupandotherXianbeiskullshavegreatdifferences,theyhavehighandlongskull,withawidesurface,thehighplatyopiatypeofhumanskull,inthepreQinperiodChinainNortheastChinaarewidelydistributed,theauthorcalled"AncientNortheasttype",andotherXianbeiSkullrepresentsthelowcranialeuryprosopicSiberiaracewassignificantlydifferentSo,ChenLiangsaid:"wehavereasontosuspectthatthesiteisnotcompletedXianbeiremains"LamadonganthropologicalcharacteristicswerealsodifferentfromotherXianbeipeople,theyhavehighmiddlecranialandshortcranialandnarrow,otherXianbeiresidentswithlowcranialwidthobviously,thereasonsneedtobefurtherstudiedChenShanofLamadongcemeteryunearthedthreeYanperiodhumanbonewasstudied,thenumberofresidentsintheancientandmodernEastAsianracialtypeMongoliaraceismostcloseto",suggestingLamadongthreeYanperiodresidentsregardingthecompositionofthespecies,andmostpeoplehavedifferentXianbeipeopleTherearetwokindsofunderstandingaboutthetypesofhumanbonesunearthedfromtheNorthernWeicemeteryinthesouthernsuburbsofShanxi,DatongAccordingtoZhangZhenbiaoandNingLixin,theracialcharacteristicsoftheancientinhabitantsweremostcloselyrelatedtotheancientormoderninhabitantsinthenorthofChina,andtheywerebasicallyofthesameracetypeThistypeofNortheastAsiatypeMongoliapeopleasthemainbody,andatthesametimewithEuropeanethnicfeaturesofWusunpeopletherearesomecontact,isobviouslydifferentfromtheHannationalityoftheskullfeatures,therefore,DatongNorthernWeiDynastyTombsclanisXianbeiHanWeibelievesthattheNorthernWeiDatonggroupofresidentsandthemodernEastAsianMongoloidbranchesincraniofacialmorphology,showedmoresimilarity,incontrasttotheancientgroup,andtherelationshipbetweenthesmallandmediumsizedtombIIgroupismostclosely,belongtotheancientCentralPlainstyperesidentsThereisasignificantgeneticdistanceamongthemajorspeciescompositionandcurrentlyknownXianbei,sothatHanwei,ThefamilysourcesshouldbemainlyintheHannationality,butintheprocessofformingitsphysicalcharacteristics,mayalsohaveeffectxianbeiInsummary,wecanconcludethat,inadditiontocompletion,Lamadong,Datonggroupofdisputedinformation,othertypesofHanandJinDynastiesethnicXianbeipeoplehave,shouldbelongtothelowcranialhighsurfacetypesofSiberiaMongoliaraceInrecentyears,inthewesternpartofLiaoningprovinceandEasternInnerMongolia,centralandsouthernregions,hascollectedbatchesofKhitananthropologicaldata,includingtheInnerMongoliaWulanchabuLeaguechayouqianqiHaoYingLiaotombowehumanbone,ShangduCountybeforeHaiziLiaotombshumanbone,XilinguoleMengDongshanLiaotombsboneZhenglanqiwoNiuShiLiaothetombofhumanbone,ChifengNingchengCountyshanzuiziLiaotomb,humanboneAlukerqinqiyeluyufamilycemeteryhumanbone,andleafyFakuCountystationsofLiaoningProvince,FuxinCounty,LiaotombTombofLiaoLiaoXiaoGuanshanShihoutribeboneThesetombsintheLiaoDynastythroughouttheearlyandmiddleperiodThebatchofanthropologicaldataoftheKhitanethnicgroup,wecanfindthattheracialcompositionoftheKhitanpeople,themainfactoristhecharacteristicsoftheSiberiaMongoliaraceTheygenerallyhavethetendencyofadding,broadskullandcranialtypelow,accompaniedbyaflatandbroadfacialmorphologyTheappearanceofthetypicalcharacteristicsofQidannationality,andinmanyoftheKhitanpeoplethemepaintingsintheLiaoDynasty,hadavividdescriptionOfcourse,intheKhitanpeoplebonespecimens,especiallythosewhowerelateintheLiaoDynasty,therearesomerelativelyhighnarrowcranialtypespecimens,andEastAsianorNortheastAsianraceshowsacertaindegreeofsimilarityTheseethnicfactorsexist,maybetheresultoftheKhitanpeopleandotherethnicintermarriage,mixedraceEthnographicinformationabouttheancientMongolian,thereislittlepublishedInrecentyears,InnerMongoliaculturalrelicsandArchaeologyInstituteonthesiteandsurroundingcountiesfarther,wefoundmorethanmoreconcentratedinYuanDynastycemeteryburialHasconductedarchaeologicalexcavationofthecemetery,whichlocatedaroundtheelementonthesitewithinkmoftheanvilhill,Duoluncountycemeteryhasatree,theblueflagWaustonesheepandTemplecemetery,inadditiontotheelementonthedistanceofaboutkmZhengxiangbaiqithreewells,aysunObooandXianghuangqiUlanValleyandBurkemountain,XilinhaotecityOboobeilikecemeteryTheethnicgroupsofthetombsintheYuanDynastyarequitecomplexAccordingtotheopinionsofthediggers,therearenotonlytombsoftheMongols,butalsotheremainsoftheHanandcoloredpeopleTheanthropologicalfeaturesofunearthedhumanbonescanalsoprovethatthesourceoftheirlineageincludesthenorthernMongoliarace,EastAsianMongoliarace,EuroparaceandsoonHowever,fromtheZhengxiangbaiqithreewellgroupskulldata,thereisaclearlinkbetweenitandthemodernSiberiaMongoliarace,incontrasttotheancientgroup,andthreeBayXianbeigroupismostclosetothecontrastgroupinmoderntimes,andtheMongoliamoderngroupismostclosetoThus,accordingtotheaboveethnicliteraturebelongto"Donghudescendant",bothinHanandJinDynasties,theKhitanLiaoDynastyXianbeipeopleortheYuanDynastyorthemodernMongolianinracialanthropologyfeaturesisquiteconsistent,belongtothelowcranialeuryprosopicSiberiaMongoliaraceThereisakindofsciencecoordinates,wecandiscussthe"raceDonghu"fromtheperspectiveofthegeneticsofraceFromtheanthropologicaldataZhengJiaWabronzedaggertombrelics,thenortheastlinecurvedbladebronzedaggertombtomb,havehighcranialeuryprosopicAncientNortheasttyperesident,belongingtodifferentspeciesandtypesofXianbei,KhitanpeopleandMongolians,itisdifficulttoconnectwiththeEasthuInnerMongoliaChifengHongshan,Xiajiadian,Ningchengroot,blackstoneditchNanshanandHexigtenBannerleadingmountainruins,unearthedintheupperXiajiadianCultureHumanBonespeciescharacteristicsquiteconsistent,canbeclassifiedashighcranialnarrowfaceancientNorthChinatype,thereisaveryobviousmorphologicaldistancebetweenlowandbroadskulltheXianbei,KhitanpeopleandmongoliansTherefore,ItisdifficulttoimagineasdescendantsofDonghuXianbei,KhitanpeopleandMongolians,withsuchastheupperXiajiadianCultureastheancestorsofresidentsTakingintoaccountthearchaeologicalcultureandethnographictyperesidentsandotherfactors,LinYunproposedinthe"archaeologicalexploration"andDonghuShanrong:"intheGreatWalltoYanintermissionbetweenSouthupperXiajiadianCultureandtheWarringStatesYanculture,isaharbingerofanumberofrealandremainstobefoundontheeast"toyear,theResearchFrontierArchaeologyResearchCenterofJilinUniversityandInnerMongoliaInstituteofArchaeologyofInnerMongoliaunited,ChifengCityLinxiCountysitewestofagroupofwellssubgroovetombswereexcavatedtombs,werecleared,inthelatespringandAutumnperiodtotheWarringStatespreliminaryjudgmentforearlyperiodFromtheperspectiveofculturalnature,thesetombsrepresentanewtypeofarchaeologicalcultureinChifengThesacrificeofImizoKo'stombsintheWestwasverycommonInthelaterlighttombs,werefoundtohavebones,andtheproportionofthetombswasThelivestockaremainlysuitableforstockinghorses,cattle,sheep,donkeys,mules,especiallythelargestnumberofhorsesNoagriculturalproductiontoolsoragriculturalproductswerefoundinthetombThus,theanimalhusbandrywastheeconomicstudentatthattimeOccupythedominantpositioninlifeWecollectedwerestudiedfromtheruinsofracialtypecanbeusedforobservationandmeasurementofadultskullspecimens,thepreliminaryresultsshowthatImizoKoresidentswithlowskull,broad,flatfaceofgreatSiberiaMongoliaethnictraits,racialcharacteristicsandhumblepeople,knownfreshKhitanpeople,MongolianverycloseThisisoneoftheearliestethnicgroupsofSiberiainthenortheastofchinaTheracetypeanddescendantsofDonghuresidentsrecordedintheliteratureofImizoKotheXianbei,KhitanpeopleandMongoliansinthesamelifeeconomiclifestyle,age,geographicaldistributionandotheraspects,alsowiththeliteratureinEastisquiteapproximate,therefore,weseemtodeemthattheymaybe,scholarshavebeenexploringLongDonghu

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东胡人种考(Donghu race test)

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