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EN1563-2011.pdf

EN1563-2011.pdf

上传者: agdlikui 2012-07-26 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《EN1563-2011pdf》,可适用于工程科技领域,主题内容包含‡ÒÑÝÑÐÇÒÙÉÌØÑËÌÞÍÐÛÎÓÍÍÑÒÛÈÝÛÐÌßÍÐÛÎÓÌÌÛÜÞÇÝÑÐÇÎÙØÌÔßÉÞÍÍÐÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïډÍ符等。

‡ÒÑÝÑÐÇÒÙÉÌØÑËÌÞÍÐÛÎÓÍÍÑÒÛÈÝÛÐÌßÍÐÛÎÓÌÌÛÜÞÇÝÑÐÇÎÙØÌÔßÉÞÍÍÐÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïډÍÝÞÍЪØÍÞÍóËÝÒºÎÒµºØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïÞÎÌÍØÍÌßÒÜßÎÜÒºÌÞÍËÕºÛÒïëêíæîðïïòÞÍÛÒïëêíæïççéòÌËÕÌÝÍÛñïïïôÍÝÚòߺò̪ºò˺òwÌÞÍîðïîÍÞÒçéèðëèðéðïéêìÝÍééòðèðòïðÝÞͺºòÌÞͺÍÐÍÝíïÖîðïîòßÜ̺ºÝÞÍЪØÍÞÍóËÝÒºÎÒµºØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEUROPEANSTANDARDNORMEEUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHENORMENDecemberICSSupersedesEN:EnglishVersionFoundingSpheroidalgraphitecastironsFonderieFontesàgraphitesphéroïdalGießereiwesenGusseisenmitKugelgraphitThisEuropeanStandardwasapprovedbyCENonNovemberCENmembersareboundtocomplywiththeCENCENELECInternalRegulationswhichstipulatetheconditionsforgivingthisEuropeanStandardthestatusofanationalstandardwithoutanyalterationUptodatelistsandbibliographicalreferencesconcerningsuchnationalstandardsmaybeobtainedonapplicationtotheCENCENELECManagementCentreortoanyCENmemberThisEuropeanStandardexistsinthreeofficialversions(English,French,German)AversioninanyotherlanguagemadebytranslationundertheresponsibilityofaCENmemberintoitsownlanguageandnotifiedtotheCENCENELECManagementCentrehasthesamestatusastheofficialversionsCENmembersarethenationalstandardsbodiesofAustria,Belgium,Bulgaria,Croatia,Cyprus,CzechRepublic,Denmark,Estonia,Finland,France,Germany,Greece,Hungary,Iceland,Ireland,Italy,Latvia,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Malta,Netherlands,Norway,Poland,Portugal,Romania,Slovakia,Slovenia,Spain,Sweden,SwitzerlandandUnitedKingdomEUROPEANCOMMITTEEFORSTANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉEUROPÉENDENORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHESKOMITEEFÜRNORMUNGManagementCentre:AvenueMarnix,BBrusselsCENAllrightsofexploitationinanyformandbyanymeansreservedworldwideforCENnationalMembersRefNoEN::EÝÞÍЪØÍÞÍóËÝÒºÎÒµºØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)ContentsPageForewordIntroductionScopeNormativereferencesTermsanddefinitionsDesignationOrderinformationManufactureRequirementsGeneralFerritictopearliticspheroidalgraphitecastironsSolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironsSamplingGeneralCastsamplesSamplescutfromacastingTestmethodsTensiletestImpacttestHardnesstestGraphitestructureexaminationRetestsNeedforretestsTestvalidityNonconformingtestresultsHeattreatmentofsamplesandcastingsInspectiondocumentationAnnexA(informative)AdditionalinformationonsolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironsAnnexB(informative)GuidancevaluesformechanicalpropertiesmeasuredontestpiecesmachinedfromsamplescutfromthecastingsAnnexC(informative)GuidancevaluesforhardnessAnnexD(informative)NodularityAnnexE(informative)AdditionalinformationonmechanicalandphysicalpropertiesAnnexF(informative)Fracturetoughness,impactenergyandductilityofspheroidalgraphitecastironsAnnexG(normative)SectioningprocedureforcastsamplesAnnexH(informative)ComparisonofspheroidalgraphitecastironmaterialdesignationsaccordingtoENandISOTRAnnexI(informative)UnnotchedimpacttestAnnexJ(informative)SignificanttechnicalchangesbetweenthisEuropeanStandardandthepreviouseditionAnnexZA(informative)RelationshipbetweenthisEuropeanStandardandtheEssentialRequirementsofECDirectiveECBibliographyÝÞÍЪØÍÞÍóËÝÒºÎÒµºØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)ForewordThisdocument(EN:)hasbeenpreparedbyTechnicalCommitteeCENTC“Foundrytechnology”,thesecretariatofwhichisheldbyDINThisEuropeanStandardshallbegiventhestatusofanationalstandard,eitherbypublicationofanidenticaltextorbyendorsement,atthelatestbyJune,andconflictingnationalstandardsshallbewithdrawnatthelatestbyJuneAttentionisdrawntothepossibilitythatsomeoftheelementsofthisdocumentmaybethesubjectofpatentrightsCENandorCENELECshallnotbeheldresponsibleforidentifyinganyorallsuchpatentrightsThisdocumentsupersedesEN:ThisdocumenthasbeenpreparedunderamandategiventoCENbytheEuropeanCommissionandtheEuropeanFreeTradeAssociation,andsupportsessentialrequirementsofEUDirective(s)ForrelationshipwithEUDirectiveEC,seeinformativeAnnexZA,whichisanintegralpartofthisdocumentWithinitsprogrammeofwork,TechnicalCommitteeCENTCrequestedCENTCWG“Spheroidalgraphite,siliconmolybdenumandaustemperedductileiron”toreviseEN:AnnexJprovidesdetailsofsignificanttechnicalchangesbetweenthisEuropeanStandardandthepreviouseditionAccordingtotheCENCENELECInternalRegulations,thenationalstandardsorganizationsofthefollowingcountriesareboundtoimplementthisEuropeanStandard:Austria,Belgium,Bulgaria,Croatia,Cyprus,CzechRepublic,Denmark,Estonia,Finland,France,Germany,Greece,Hungary,Iceland,Ireland,Italy,Latvia,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Malta,Netherlands,Norway,Poland,Portugal,Romania,Slovakia,Slovenia,Spain,Sweden,SwitzerlandandtheUnitedKingdomÝÞÍЪØÍÞÍóËÝÒºÎÒµºØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)IntroductionThepropertiesofspheroidalgraphitecastironsdependontheirstructureSpheroidalgraphitecastironscoveredbythisEuropeanStandardaredividedintwogroups:)ferritictopearliticspheroidalgraphitecastironswhichwereinthepreviousstandard)solidsolutionstrengthenedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironswhichwerenotinthepreviousstandardThetwogroupspresentspecificproperties,forexample:theferriticgradesofthefirstgrouppresentthehighestimpactenergythepearlitecontaininggradesaremoresuitableforwearresistanceapplicationsthesolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticgradespresentforanequivalenttensilestrengthahigherproofstrengthandahigherelongationthanthatoftheferritictopearliticgradesasignificantpropertyofthesesolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticgradesisthereducedhardnessvariationresultinginanimprovedmachinabilityThemechanicalpropertiesofthematerialcanbeevaluatedonmachinedtestpiecespreparedfrom:separatelycastsamplessidebysidecastsamplescastonsamplessamplescutfromacastingThematerialgradeisdefinedbymechanicalpropertiesmeasuredonmachinedtestpiecespreparedfromcastsamplesIfhardnessorunnotchedimpactenergyarearequirementofthepurchaserasbeingimportantfortheapplication,thenAnnexCorAnnexIprovidemeansforitsdeterminationItiswellknownthattensilepropertiesandhardnessofspheroidalgraphitecastironsareinterrelatedWhenconsideredbythepurchaserasbeingimportantfortheapplication,bothtensileandhardnesspropertiesmaybespecifiedFurthertechnicaldataonspheroidalgraphitecastironsisgiveninAnnexesA,EandFInthisEuropeanStandardanewdesignationsystembynumber,asestablishedinEN:,isgivenNOTEThisdesignationsystembynumberisbasedonthestructureandrulesofENandsocorrespondswiththeEuropeannumberingsystemforsteelandothermaterialsSomespheroidalgraphitecastirongradescanbeusedforpressureequipmentThepermittedmaterialgradesofspheroidalgraphitecastironforpressureapplicationsandtheconditionsfortheirusearegiveninspecificproductorapplicationstandardsForthedesignofpressureequipment,specificdesignrulesapplyAnnexZAgivesinformationrelatingtotheconformanceofpermittedspheroidalgraphitecastirongradestothePressureEquipmentDirectiveECÝÞÍЪØÍÞÍóËÝÒºÎÒµºØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)ScopeThisEuropeanStandarddefinesthegradesandthecorrespondingrequirementsforspheroidalgraphitecastironsThisEuropeanStandardspecifiesgroupsofspheroidalgraphitecastirongradesbyaclassificationbasedonmechanicalpropertiesmeasuredonmachinedtestpiecespreparedfromcastsamplesThefirstgroupdealswithferritictopearliticgradesThesecondgroupdealswithsolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticgradesThisEuropeanStandarddoesnotcovertechnicaldeliveryconditionsforironcastings(seeENandEN)ThisEuropeanStandarddoesnotcoverallaspectsof:ausferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironswhicharespecifiedinENlowalloyedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironswhicharespecifiedinENausteniticcastironswhicharespecifiedinENspheroidalgraphitecastironsusedforpipes,fittingsandtheirjointswhicharethesubjectofEN,ENandENthegradesofspheroidalgraphitecastironasspecifiedinENwhichareusedforproductssuchasindustrialvalves,nonindustrialmanuallyoperatedshutoffvalvesandflangesandtheirjoints,whicharethesubjectoftheapplicableEuropeanproductstandardsNormativereferencesThefollowingreferenceddocumentsareindispensablefortheapplicationofthisdocumentFordatedreferences,onlytheeditioncitedappliesForundatedreferences,thelatesteditionofthereferenceddocument(includinganyamendments)appliesEN:,PressureEquipment—Part:ComplianceandInspection—DocumentationofMaterialsEN:,Metallicproducts—TypesofinspectiondocumentsENISO:,Metallicmaterials—Charpyimpacttest—Part:Testmethod(ISO:)ENISO:,Microstructureofcastirons—Part:Graphiteclassificationbyvisualanalysis(ISO:)ENISO,Metallicmaterials—Brinellhardnesstest—Part:Testmethod(ISO)ENISO:,Metallicmaterials—Tensiletesting—Part:Methodoftestatambienttemperature(ISO:)TermsanddefinitionsForthepurposesofthisdocument,thefollowingtermsanddefinitionsapplyspheroidalgraphitecastironcastmaterial,iron,carbonandsiliconbased,thecarbonbeingpresentmainlyintheformofspheroidalgraphiteparticlesNOTESpheroidalgraphitecastironisalsoknownasductileiron,andlesscommonlyasnodularironÝÞÍЪØÍÞÍóËÝÒºÎÒµºØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)ferritictopearliticspheroidalgraphitecastironspheroidalgraphitecastironwithamatrixcontainingferriteorpearliteoracombinationofbothNOTEPearlitecanbepartiallyortotallyreplacedbybainiteortemperedmartensiteingradeshavinghigherstrengthsolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironspheroidalgraphitecastironwithamatrixmainlyconsistingofferrite,solutionstrengthenedmainlybysilicongraphitespheroidizingtreatmentoperationthatbringstheliquidironintocontactwithasubstancetoproducegraphiteinthepredominantlyspheroidal(nodular)formduringsolidificationNOTEThisoperationisoftenfollowedbyasecondonecalledinoculationcastsamplequantityofmaterialcasttorepresentthecastmaterial,includingseparatelycastsample,sidebysidecastsampleandcastonsampleseparatelycastsamplesamplecastinaseparatesandmouldunderrepresentativemanufacturingconditionsandmaterialgradesidebysidecastsamplesamplecastinthemouldalongsidethecasting,withajointrunningsystemcastonsamplesampleattacheddirectlytothecastingrelevantwallthicknesswallthicknessrepresentativeofthecasting,definedforthedeterminationofthesizeofthecastsamplestowhichthemechanicalpropertiesapplyDesignationThematerialshallbedesignatedeitherbysymbolorbynumberasgiveninTables,orInthecaseofsamplescutfromthecastingtheletterCisaddedattheendofthedesignationbysymbolNOTEThecomparisonofENgradedesignationswiththegradesfromtheISOstandardforspheroidalgraphitecastiron,ISO:,isgiveninAnnexHÝÞÍЪØÍÞÍóËÝÒºÎÒµºØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN

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