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EN1563-2011.pdf

EN1563-2011

agdlikui
2012-07-26 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《EN1563-2011pdf》,可适用于工程科技领域

®¿·­·²¹­¬¿²¼¿®¼­©±®´¼©·¼»‡ÒÑÝÑÐÇ×ÒÙÉ×ÌØÑËÌÞÍ×ÐÛÎÓ×ÍÍ×ÑÒÛÈÝÛÐÌßÍÐÛÎÓ×ÌÌÛÜÞÇÝÑÐÇÎ×ÙØÌÔßÉÞÍ×ͬ¿²¼¿®¼­Ð«¾´·½¿¬·±²ÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïÚ±«²¼·²¹‰Í°¸»®±·¼¿´¹®¿°¸·¬»½¿­¬·®±²­Ý±°§®·¹¸¬Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²Ð®±ª·¼»¼¾§×ØÍ«²¼»®´·½»²­»©·¬¸ÞÍ×ó˲½±²¬®±´´»¼Ý±°§Ò±¬º±®Î»­¿´»Ò±®»°®±¼«½¬·±²±®²»¬©±®µ·²¹°»®³·¬¬»¼©·¬¸±«¬´·½»²­»º®±³×ØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïÞÎ×Ì×ÍØÍÌßÒÜßÎÜÒ¿¬·±²¿´º±®»©±®¼Ì¸·­Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼·­¬¸»ËÕ·³°´»³»²¬¿¬·±²±ºÛÒïëêíæîðïïò׬­«°»®­»¼»­ÞÍÛÒïëêíæïçç驸·½¸·­©·¬¸¼®¿©²ò̸»ËÕ°¿®¬·½·°¿¬·±²·²·¬­°®»°¿®¿¬·±²©¿­»²¬®«­¬»¼¬±Ì»½¸²·½¿´Ý±³³·¬¬»»×ÍÛñïïïôͬ»»´Ý¿­¬·²¹­¿²¼Ú±®¹·²¹­òß´·­¬±º±®¹¿²·¦¿¬·±²­®»°®»­»²¬»¼±²¬¸·­½±³³·¬¬»»½¿²¾»±¾¬¿·²»¼±²®»¯«»­¬¬±·¬­­»½®»¬¿®§ò̸·­°«¾´·½¿¬·±²¼±»­²±¬°«®°±®¬¬±·²½´«¼»¿´´¬¸»²»½»­­¿®§°®±ª·­·±²­±º¿½±²¬®¿½¬òË­»®­¿®»®»­°±²­·¾´»º±®·¬­½±®®»½¬¿°°´·½¿¬·±²òw̸»Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²îðïî×ÍÞÒçéèðëèðéðïéêì×ÝÍééòðèðòïðݱ³°´·¿²½»©·¬¸¿Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼½¿²²±¬½±²º»®·³³«²·¬§º®±³´»¹¿´±¾´·¹¿¬·±²­ò̸·­Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼©¿­°«¾´·­¸»¼«²¼»®¬¸»¿«¬¸±®·¬§±º¬¸»Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­Ð±´·½§¿²¼Í¬®¿¬»¹§Ý±³³·¬¬»»±²íïÖ¿²«¿®§îðïîòß³»²¼³»²¬­·­­«»¼­·²½»°«¾´·½¿¬·±²Ü¿¬»Ì»¨¬¿ºº»½¬»¼Ý±°§®·¹¸¬Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²Ð®±ª·¼»¼¾§×ØÍ«²¼»®´·½»²­»©·¬¸ÞÍ×ó˲½±²¬®±´´»¼Ý±°§Ò±¬º±®Î»­¿´»Ò±®»°®±¼«½¬·±²±®²»¬©±®µ·²¹°»®³·¬¬»¼©·¬¸±«¬´·½»²­»º®±³×ØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEUROPEANSTANDARDNORMEEUROPÉENNEEUROPÄISCHENORMENDecemberICSSupersedesEN:EnglishVersionFoundingSpheroidalgraphitecastironsFonderieFontesàgraphitesphéroïdalGießereiwesenGusseisenmitKugelgraphitThisEuropeanStandardwasapprovedbyCENonNovemberCENmembersareboundtocomplywiththeCENCENELECInternalRegulationswhichstipulatetheconditionsforgivingthisEuropeanStandardthestatusofanationalstandardwithoutanyalterationUptodatelistsandbibliographicalreferencesconcerningsuchnationalstandardsmaybeobtainedonapplicationtotheCENCENELECManagementCentreortoanyCENmemberThisEuropeanStandardexistsinthreeofficialversions(English,French,German)AversioninanyotherlanguagemadebytranslationundertheresponsibilityofaCENmemberintoitsownlanguageandnotifiedtotheCENCENELECManagementCentrehasthesamestatusastheofficialversionsCENmembersarethenationalstandardsbodiesofAustria,Belgium,Bulgaria,Croatia,Cyprus,CzechRepublic,Denmark,Estonia,Finland,France,Germany,Greece,Hungary,Iceland,Ireland,Italy,Latvia,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Malta,Netherlands,Norway,Poland,Portugal,Romania,Slovakia,Slovenia,Spain,Sweden,SwitzerlandandUnitedKingdomEUROPEANCOMMITTEEFORSTANDARDIZATIONCOMITÉEUROPÉENDENORMALISATIONEUROPÄISCHESKOMITEEFÜRNORMUNGManagementCentre:AvenueMarnix,BBrussels©CENAllrightsofexploitationinanyformandbyanymeansreservedworldwideforCENnationalMembersRefNoEN::Eݱ°§®·¹¸¬Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²Ð®±ª·¼»¼¾§×ØÍ«²¼»®´·½»²­»©·¬¸ÞÍ×ó˲½±²¬®±´´»¼Ý±°§Ò±¬º±®Î»­¿´»Ò±®»°®±¼«½¬·±²±®²»¬©±®µ·²¹°»®³·¬¬»¼©·¬¸±«¬´·½»²­»º®±³×ØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)ContentsPageForewordIntroductionScopeNormativereferencesTermsanddefinitionsDesignationOrderinformationManufactureRequirementsGeneralFerritictopearliticspheroidalgraphitecastironsSolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironsSamplingGeneralCastsamplesSamplescutfromacastingTestmethodsTensiletestImpacttestHardnesstestGraphitestructureexaminationRetestsNeedforretestsTestvalidityNonconformingtestresultsHeattreatmentofsamplesandcastingsInspectiondocumentationAnnexA(informative)AdditionalinformationonsolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironsAnnexB(informative)GuidancevaluesformechanicalpropertiesmeasuredontestpiecesmachinedfromsamplescutfromthecastingsAnnexC(informative)GuidancevaluesforhardnessAnnexD(informative)NodularityAnnexE(informative)AdditionalinformationonmechanicalandphysicalpropertiesAnnexF(informative)Fracturetoughness,impactenergyandductilityofspheroidalgraphitecastironsAnnexG(normative)SectioningprocedureforcastsamplesAnnexH(informative)ComparisonofspheroidalgraphitecastironmaterialdesignationsaccordingtoENandISOTRAnnexI(informative)UnnotchedimpacttestAnnexJ(informative)SignificanttechnicalchangesbetweenthisEuropeanStandardandthepreviouseditionAnnexZA(informative)RelationshipbetweenthisEuropeanStandardandtheEssentialRequirementsofECDirectiveECBibliographyݱ°§®·¹¸¬Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²Ð®±ª·¼»¼¾§×ØÍ«²¼»®´·½»²­»©·¬¸ÞÍ×ó˲½±²¬®±´´»¼Ý±°§Ò±¬º±®Î»­¿´»Ò±®»°®±¼«½¬·±²±®²»¬©±®µ·²¹°»®³·¬¬»¼©·¬¸±«¬´·½»²­»º®±³×ØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)ForewordThisdocument(EN:)hasbeenpreparedbyTechnicalCommitteeCENTC“Foundrytechnology”,thesecretariatofwhichisheldbyDINThisEuropeanStandardshallbegiventhestatusofanationalstandard,eitherbypublicationofanidenticaltextorbyendorsement,atthelatestbyJune,andconflictingnationalstandardsshallbewithdrawnatthelatestbyJuneAttentionisdrawntothepossibilitythatsomeoftheelementsofthisdocumentmaybethesubjectofpatentrightsCENandorCENELECshallnotbeheldresponsibleforidentifyinganyorallsuchpatentrightsThisdocumentsupersedesEN:ThisdocumenthasbeenpreparedunderamandategiventoCENbytheEuropeanCommissionandtheEuropeanFreeTradeAssociation,andsupportsessentialrequirementsofEUDirective(s)ForrelationshipwithEUDirectiveEC,seeinformativeAnnexZA,whichisanintegralpartofthisdocumentWithinitsprogrammeofwork,TechnicalCommitteeCENTCrequestedCENTCWG“Spheroidalgraphite,siliconmolybdenumandaustemperedductileiron”toreviseEN:AnnexJprovidesdetailsofsignificanttechnicalchangesbetweenthisEuropeanStandardandthepreviouseditionAccordingtotheCENCENELECInternalRegulations,thenationalstandardsorganizationsofthefollowingcountriesareboundtoimplementthisEuropeanStandard:Austria,Belgium,Bulgaria,Croatia,Cyprus,CzechRepublic,Denmark,Estonia,Finland,France,Germany,Greece,Hungary,Iceland,Ireland,Italy,Latvia,Lithuania,Luxembourg,Malta,Netherlands,Norway,Poland,Portugal,Romania,Slovakia,Slovenia,Spain,Sweden,SwitzerlandandtheUnitedKingdomݱ°§®·¹¸¬Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²Ð®±ª·¼»¼¾§×ØÍ«²¼»®´·½»²­»©·¬¸ÞÍ×ó˲½±²¬®±´´»¼Ý±°§Ò±¬º±®Î»­¿´»Ò±®»°®±¼«½¬·±²±®²»¬©±®µ·²¹°»®³·¬¬»¼©·¬¸±«¬´·½»²­»º®±³×ØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)IntroductionThepropertiesofspheroidalgraphitecastironsdependontheirstructureSpheroidalgraphitecastironscoveredbythisEuropeanStandardaredividedintwogroups:)ferritictopearliticspheroidalgraphitecastironswhichwereinthepreviousstandard)solidsolutionstrengthenedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironswhichwerenotinthepreviousstandardThetwogroupspresentspecificproperties,forexample:theferriticgradesofthefirstgrouppresentthehighestimpactenergythepearlitecontaininggradesaremoresuitableforwearresistanceapplicationsthesolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticgradespresentforanequivalenttensilestrengthahigherproofstrengthandahigherelongationthanthatoftheferritictopearliticgradesasignificantpropertyofthesesolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticgradesisthereducedhardnessvariationresultinginanimprovedmachinabilityThemechanicalpropertiesofthematerialcanbeevaluatedonmachinedtestpiecespreparedfrom:separatelycastsamplessidebysidecastsamplescastonsamplessamplescutfromacastingThematerialgradeisdefinedbymechanicalpropertiesmeasuredonmachinedtestpiecespreparedfromcastsamplesIfhardnessorunnotchedimpactenergyarearequirementofthepurchaserasbeingimportantfortheapplication,thenAnnexCorAnnexIprovidemeansforitsdeterminationItiswellknownthattensilepropertiesandhardnessofspheroidalgraphitecastironsareinterrelatedWhenconsideredbythepurchaserasbeingimportantfortheapplication,bothtensileandhardnesspropertiesmaybespecifiedFurthertechnicaldataonspheroidalgraphitecastironsisgiveninAnnexesA,EandFInthisEuropeanStandardanewdesignationsystembynumber,asestablishedinEN:,isgivenNOTEThisdesignationsystembynumberisbasedonthestructureandrulesofENandsocorrespondswiththeEuropeannumberingsystemforsteelandothermaterialsSomespheroidalgraphitecastirongradescanbeusedforpressureequipmentThepermittedmaterialgradesofspheroidalgraphitecastironforpressureapplicationsandtheconditionsfortheirusearegiveninspecificproductorapplicationstandardsForthedesignofpressureequipment,specificdesignrulesapplyAnnexZAgivesinformationrelatingtotheconformanceofpermittedspheroidalgraphitecastirongradestothePressureEquipmentDirectiveECݱ°§®·¹¸¬Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²Ð®±ª·¼»¼¾§×ØÍ«²¼»®´·½»²­»©·¬¸ÞÍ×ó˲½±²¬®±´´»¼Ý±°§Ò±¬º±®Î»­¿´»Ò±®»°®±¼«½¬·±²±®²»¬©±®µ·²¹°»®³·¬¬»¼©·¬¸±«¬´·½»²­»º®±³×ØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)ScopeThisEuropeanStandarddefinesthegradesandthecorrespondingrequirementsforspheroidalgraphitecastironsThisEuropeanStandardspecifiesgroupsofspheroidalgraphitecastirongradesbyaclassificationbasedonmechanicalpropertiesmeasuredonmachinedtestpiecespreparedfromcastsamplesThefirstgroupdealswithferritictopearliticgradesThesecondgroupdealswithsolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticgradesThisEuropeanStandarddoesnotcovertechnicaldeliveryconditionsforironcastings(seeENandEN)ThisEuropeanStandarddoesnotcoverallaspectsof:ausferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironswhicharespecifiedinENlowalloyedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironswhicharespecifiedinENausteniticcastironswhicharespecifiedinENspheroidalgraphitecastironsusedforpipes,fittingsandtheirjointswhicharethesubjectofEN,ENandENthegradesofspheroidalgraphitecastironasspecifiedinENwhichareusedforproductssuchasindustrialvalves,nonindustrialmanuallyoperatedshutoffvalvesandflangesandtheirjoints,whicharethesubjectoftheapplicableEuropeanproductstandardsNormativereferencesThefollowingreferenceddocumentsareindispensablefortheapplicationofthisdocumentFordatedreferences,onlytheeditioncitedappliesForundatedreferences,thelatesteditionofthereferenceddocument(includinganyamendments)appliesEN:,PressureEquipment—Part:ComplianceandInspection—DocumentationofMaterialsEN:,Metallicproducts—TypesofinspectiondocumentsENISO:,Metallicmaterials—Charpyimpacttest—Part:Testmethod(ISO:)ENISO:,Microstructureofcastirons—Part:Graphiteclassificationbyvisualanalysis(ISO:)ENISO,Metallicmaterials—Brinellhardnesstest—Part:Testmethod(ISO)ENISO:,Metallicmaterials—Tensiletesting—Part:Methodoftestatambienttemperature(ISO:)TermsanddefinitionsForthepurposesofthisdocument,thefollowingtermsanddefinitionsapplyspheroidalgraphitecastironcastmaterial,iron,carbonandsiliconbased,thecarbonbeingpresentmainlyintheformofspheroidalgraphiteparticlesNOTESpheroidalgraphitecastironisalsoknownasductileiron,andlesscommonlyasnodularironݱ°§®·¹¸¬Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²Ð®±ª·¼»¼¾§×ØÍ«²¼»®´·½»²­»©·¬¸ÞÍ×ó˲½±²¬®±´´»¼Ý±°§Ò±¬º±®Î»­¿´»Ò±®»°®±¼«½¬·±²±®²»¬©±®µ·²¹°»®³·¬¬»¼©·¬¸±«¬´·½»²­»º®±³×ØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN:(E)ferritictopearliticspheroidalgraphitecastironspheroidalgraphitecastironwithamatrixcontainingferriteorpearliteoracombinationofbothNOTEPearlitecanbepartiallyortotallyreplacedbybainiteortemperedmartensiteingradeshavinghigherstrengthsolidsolutionstrengthenedferriticspheroidalgraphitecastironspheroidalgraphitecastironwithamatrixmainlyconsistingofferrite,solutionstrengthenedmainlybysilicongraphitespheroidizingtreatmentoperationthatbringstheliquidironintocontactwithasubstancetoproducegraphiteinthepredominantlyspheroidal(nodular)formduringsolidificationNOTEThisoperationisoftenfollowedbyasecondonecalledinoculationcastsamplequantityofmaterialcasttorepresentthecastmaterial,includingseparatelycastsample,sidebysidecastsampleandcastonsampleseparatelycastsamplesamplecastinaseparatesandmouldunderrepresentativemanufacturingconditionsandmaterialgradesidebysidecastsamplesamplecastinthemouldalongsidethecasting,withajointrunningsystemcastonsamplesampleattacheddirectlytothecastingrelevantwallthicknesswallthicknessrepresentativeofthecasting,definedforthedeterminationofthesizeofthecastsamplestowhichthemechanicalpropertiesapplyDesignationThematerialshallbedesignatedeitherbysymbolorbynumberasgiveninTables,orInthecaseofsamplescutfromthecastingtheletterCisaddedattheendofthedesignationbysymbolNOTEThecomparisonofENgradedesignationswiththegradesfromtheISOstandardforspheroidalgraphitecastiron,ISO:,isgiveninAnnexHݱ°§®·¹¸¬Þ®·¬·­¸Í¬¿²¼¿®¼­×²­¬·¬«¬·±²Ð®±ª·¼»¼¾§×ØÍ«²¼»®´·½»²­»©·¬¸ÞÍ×ó˲½±²¬®±´´»¼Ý±°§Ò±¬º±®Î»­¿´»Ò±®»°®±¼«½¬·±²±®²»¬©±®µ·²¹°»®³·¬¬»¼©·¬¸±«¬´·½»²­»º®±³×ØÍóóÀôôÀÀÀôôôôÀÀÀÀóÀóÀôôÀôôÀôÀôôÀóóóÞÍÛÒïëêíæîðïïEN

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