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首页 苹果诉唯冠IPAD商标案件香港法院一审判决书.pdf

苹果诉唯冠IPAD商标案件香港法院一审判决书.pdf

苹果诉唯冠IPAD商标案件香港法院一审判决书.pdf

上传者: 思思 2012-07-17 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《苹果诉唯冠IPAD商标案件香港法院一审判决书pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此HCAINTHEHIGHCOURTOFTHEHONGKO符等。

ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此HCAINTHEHIGHCOURTOFTHEHONGKONGSPECIALADMINISTRATIVEREGIONCOURTOFFIRSTINSTANCEACTIONNOOFBETWEENAPPLEINCstPlaintiffIPAPPLICATIONDEVELOPMENTLIMITEDndPlaintiffandPROVIEWINTERNATIONALHOLDINGSLIMITEDstDefendant(唯冠国际控股有限公司)PROVIEWELECTRONICSCOLTDndDefendant(唯冠电子股份有限公司)PROVIEWTECHNOLOGY(SHENZHEN)CO,LTDrdDefendant(唯冠科技(深圳)有限公司)YANGLONGSAN,ROWELL(楊榮山)thDefendantYOKETECHNOLOGY(SHENZHEN)COLTDthDefendant(唯冠光电照明(深圳)有限公司)Before:HonPoonJinChambersDateofHearing:JuneDateofDecision:JuneDateofReasonsforDecision:JulyABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此REASONSFORDECISIONThisisanapplicationforinterlocutoryinjunctions,whichIallowedonJuneThesearethereasonsformydecisionThebackgroundleadingtotheseproceedingsmaybesummarizedasfollowsABACKGROUNDAThepartiesApple,aUScompanyestablishedinJanuary,isaworldrenownedleaderinthebusinessofdesigning,manufacturingandmarketingofawidevarietyofinnovativeproductsincludingcomputers,iPodmediaplayers,iPhonesandiPadsIPApplication,anEnglishcompanyincorporatedinAugust,isaspecialpurposecompanysetupandusedbyAppletoacquiretrademarksrelatedtothename“iPad”TheyaretheplaintiffsintheseproceedingsThedefendantscomefromtheProviewGroupTheProviewGroupisaproducerofdisplaydevicesItsmajorproductsincludeLCDmonitors,CRTmonitorsandflatpaneldigitalproductsIthasoperationsandofficesaroundtheworld,includingTaiwan,MainlandChina(ShenzhenandWuhan),HongKongandEuropeItsholdingcompanyisProviewHoldings,whichwasincorporatedinBermudaandislistedontheHongKongStockExchangeABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此YangLongSan,Rowell(“Yang”),aTaiwanese,isthefounderoftheProviewGroupHewasatallmaterialtimesthechairmanandchiefexecutiveofficerofProviewHoldingsuntilhewasadjudicatedbankruptonAugustOthercompaniesoftheProviewGroupthatfeatureintheseproceedingsareProviewElectronics,aTaiwancompany,ProviewShenzhenandYokeTechnology,bothbeingShenzhencompaniesYangwasatallmaterialtimestheresponsiblepersonanddirectorofProviewElectronicsHewasalsothelegalrepresentative,generalmanagerandchairmanofbothProviewShenzhenandYokeTechnologyandremainssodespitehisbankruptcyAThedisputesInJanuary,Appleannounceditsnewtabletcomputerbranded“iPad”ItwasfirstlaunchedontheUSmarketonAprilandtheninotherplacesaroundtheworldonemonthlaterIthassincebecomemuchsoughtafterworldwideAsatJune,overmillionunitshadalreadybeensoldintheUSmarketaloneItssuccessisphenomenalInpreparationforthelaunchofiPads,Applecausedinvestigationstobeconductedthroughouttheworldtoidentifyregisteredtrademarksassociatedwiththename“iPad”withaviewtoacquiringthemAsMrPaulSchmidtofMessrsBakerMackenzie(“BM”),solicitorsforAppleandIPApplicationexplainedinhissecondaffidavit:“…Apple’sproductsarehighlysoughtafterbyconsumersthroughouttheworldandthelaunchofeverynewproductbyAppleiseagerlyawaitedandthesubjectofmuchmediacoverageAccordingly,intheleaduptothelaunchofanewproduct,Applefacesthedualchallengesofmaintainingtheconfidentialityoftheproduct(includingitsfeaturesandABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此thenameortrademarkunderwhichitwillbemarketed)andensuringthatuponitslaunch,theproductcanbemarketedunderthenameortrademarkselectedforitThelatterchallengeismet,interalia,byApplesecuringallrequisitetrademarkregistrationsworldwidepriortotheannouncementandlaunchofthenewproductHowever,inordertomaintainconfidentialityandtheanonymityofApple,thisisdonethroughspecialpurposecompaniesincorporatedforthepurposeforsecuringsuchrequisitetrademarkregistrationsBasedonmyyears’experienceasalawyer,andinparticular,yearsofexperienceasatrademarkslawyer,itismyexperiencethatthispracticeofusingspecialpurposevehiclestosecuretrademarkregistrationsinordertopreservetheanonymityofawellknowncompanyandtheconfidentialityofitsplanstolaunchanewproductisacommonpracticethroughouttheworld,andespeciallyinmainlandChinaAccordingly,in,Applecarriedoutinvestigationsintotheuseoftrademarksassociatedwiththename‘iPad’viaitslawyersandagents…inpreparationfortheproposedannouncementandlaunchofitsiPadbrandeddeviceinearly”TheinvestigationsrevealedthatProviewGroupownedtrademarkregistrationsineightcountriesorterritories(“theSubjectTrademarks”)includingtwotrademarkregistrationsintheMainland,RegistrationsNosand(“theChinaTrademarks”)NegotiationsbetweenanagentengagedbyAppleandIPApplicationandProviewGroup’srepresentativesthentookplacebetweenAugustandDecemberEventually,IPApplicationandProviewHoldings,ProviewElectronicsandProviewShenzhen(“theContractingDefendants”)enteredintoawrittenagreementinDecemberwherebytheContractingDefendantsagreedtosell,transferandassigntheSubjectTrademarkstoIPApplicationfor,(“theAgreement”)ItisAppleandIPApplication’scasethatintheprocessofdrawinguptheformalwrittenagreement(“theWrittenAgreement”)andABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此theassignments(“theCountryAssignments”)togiveeffecttotheAgreement,therepresentativesoftheContractingDefendantsrepresentedandledIPApplicationtobelievethatalltheSubjectTrademarks,includinginparticulartheChinaTrademarks,wereownedbyandregisteredinthenameofProviewElectronicsAccordingly,theWrittenAgreementandtheCountryAssignmentsexecutedonDecemberexpresslystatedthatProviewElectronicswastheproprietoroftheSubjectTrademarksincludingtheChinaTrademarksandthatProviewElectronicswarrantedthatitwastheunencumberedsoleowneroftheSubjectTrademarksincludingtheChinaTrademarksTheCountryAssignmentpertainingtotheChinaTrademarks(“theChinaCountryAssignment”)alsorecitedthatProviewElectronicswastheproprietoroftheChinaTrademarksHowever,afterApplehadannouncedthelaunchofiPadsinJanuary,itwasdiscoveredthattheChinaTrademarkswereinfactregisteredinthenameofProviewShenzhenTheChinaCountryAssignmentwasaccordinglyineffectiveinassigningtheChinaTrademarkstoIPApplicationAppleandIPApplicationfurthercomplainedthatwhileacknowledgingthatamistakehadbeenmadeintheChinaCountryAssignment,theContractingDefendantsrefusedtorectifythemistakeandsuggestedthatAppleshouldpayUS$milliontopurchasetheChinaTrademarksOnMarch,AppleandIPApplication,throughBM,issuedalettertotheContractingDefendantsdemandingthemtotransfertheChinaTrademarkstothemTheContractingDefendantsrefusedtodosoABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此BAPPLICATIONSFORINTERIMINJUNCTIVERELIEFBEventsleadingtotheapplicationsSinceearlyApril,therehadbeenintermittentreportsinthemediasuggestingthattheProviewGroup,inparticularProviewHoldingsandProviewShenzhenwereabouttosellordisposeoftheChinaTrademarksWhenpressedbyBM,ProviewHoldingsandProviewShenzhengaveanundertakingonAprilnottoselltheChinaTrademarksbeforeAprilOnApril,ProviewShenzhen,throughitssolicitors,gaveafurtherundertakingnottosellorotherwisedisposeoftheChinaTrademarksuntilMayinordertofacilitatefurtherdiscussionsforacommercialresolutionofthedisputeDespitethesecondundertaking,pressreportsaboutthepossibilityofProviewHoldingsandProviewShenzhensellingtheChinaTrademarkscontinuedtosurfaceInresponsetoBM’sdemands,ProviewShenzhen,throughitssolicitors,reiteratedonMaythatithadnointentionofsellingorotherwisedisposingtheChinaTrademarksuntilMayInthemeantime,thefactthattheProviewGroupwasinfinancialdifficultiesbegantoemergeInfact,onMay,theHongKongStockExchangeissuedanoticethattradingofProviewHoldings’shareshadbeensuspendedLegalproceedingshadbeeninstitutedagainstProviewHoldings,ProviewShenzhenandYangintheMainlandseekingrecoveryofsubstantialassetsMorepertinently,BMfoundoutthatChinaMinshengBankingCorporationhadobtainedanassetpreservationorder(“APO”)againstProviewShenzhenandthatsuchassetpreservationABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此orderhadsinceMarchbeenregisteredwiththeMainlandTradeMarkOffice(“TMO”)overtheChinaTrademarksAppleandIPApplicationimmediatelycommencedthepresentactiononMayOnMay,theyinstitutedproceedingsagainstProviewShenzhenintheShenzhenIntermediatePeople’sCourtandfiledanapplicationforAPOinrespectoftheChinaTrademarksTheapplicationwasgrantedonJunebutsubjecttotheAPOsobtainedbysomeotherMainlandbanksFurthersearchesrevealedthatcontrarytoitsundertakings,ProviewShenzhenhadinfactlodgedapplicationswiththeTMOtotransfertheChinaTrademarkstoYokeTechnologyonMayBApplicationsOnJune,AppleandIPApplicationapplied,exparte,forinteriminjunctivereliefagainstProviewHoldings,ProviewShenzhen,YangandYokeTechnologyessentiallytopreservetheChinaTrademarksDeputyJudgeCarlsonallowedtheapplicationOnJune,AppleandIPApplicationtookoutthepresentinterpartesummons(“theSummons”),whichwasreturnedforthefirsthearingbeforeSakhraniJonJuneABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此ProviewShenzhenandYokeTechnologywerethenabsentSakhraniJgrantedtheinterimreliefsoughtagainstthemuntiltrialorfurtherorderProviewHoldingsandYangwerelegallyrepresentedAfterhearingarguments,SakhraniJorderedthatuntilthedeterminationoftheSummons,ProviewHoldingsberestrainedfromdealinginorwiththeChinaTrademarksandYangberestrainedfromprocuring,assistingorauthorizingProviewHoldings,ProviewShenzhenandorYokeTechnologytodealintheChinaTrademarksHisLordshipthengavedirectionsforfilingofevidenceandadjournedtheSummonsforsubstantivehearingCTHEPRESENTHEARINGThesubstantivehearingthencamebeforemeYangpurportedtofileanaffirmationforandonbehalfofhimselfandProviewHoldingsonJulyThataffirmationwasaffirmedoutsideHongKongbeforeasolicitorofHongKongItisclearlyinadmissible:seeTopFlyingInvestmentLtdvOpenMissionAssetsLtdHKLRD,perRecorderMcCoy,SCatparagraphs–BMpointedoutthedeficiencytoYang’ssolicitorsbutnoattempthadbeenmadetorectifythedefectEffectively,neitherProviewHoldingsnorYanghasplacedanyevidencebeforemeAsnoted,YangwasadjudicatedbankruptonAugustAppleandIPApplicationhadobtainedleavetoproceedagainsthimonNovemberABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此ByletterdatedJune,ProviewHoldings,throughitssolicitors,indicatedthatitwouldnotobjecttotheorderssoughtagainstitinsofarastheyrelatetoitWhatremainsformydeterminationistheoutstandingapplicationagainstYangHeisnowactinginpersonHedidnotappearatthehearingDDISCUSSIONDTheapplicableprinciplesTheyhavebecomewellestablishedsinceAmericanCyanamidCovEthiconLtdACInbrief,theplaintiffmustshowthat:()thereisaseriousquestiontobetriedinrespectoftheclaim()theplaintiffwillsufferirreparabledamageifnoinjunctionisgranted()thedefendantwillnotsufferirreparabledamageiftheinjunctionisgrantedand()if(b)and(c)arenotconclusive,onaproperconsiderationofthebalanceofconvenienceorbalanceofjustice,aninjunctionshallbegrantedTheserequirementsarediscussedinturnbelowDAseriousquestiontobetriedThecausesofactionthatAppleandIPApplicationrelyonareasfollowsABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此DaBreachoftheAgreementbytheContractingDefendantsThereisclearlyaseriousquestiontobetriedthattheContractingDefendantshaveactedinbreachoftheAgreementinthattheyhadwrongfullyrefusedtohonourtheirobligationtoassigntheChinaTrademarkstoIPApplicationDbUnlawfulmeansconspiracyInaclaimofconspiracy,theplaintiffmustprovethefollowingelements:()acombinationoragreementbetweentwoormoreindividuals()anintenttoinjure()pursuanttowhichcombinationoragreementandwiththatintentioncertainactswerecarriedout()resultinginlossanddamagetotheplaintiffSeeBullenLeakeJacob’sPrecedentsofPleadingsthEdn,Vol,atparagraph–AcombinationtoeffectabreachofcontractisanactionableconspiracyApartytotheconspiracycanliableevenifheisnotapartytothecontractandevenwhereitwasnotpossibletoestablishthathehadprocuredanybreachofit,butwherehehadmerelycombined,withacommondesign,togetherwiththepartiescommittingthebreachSeeClerkLindsellonTortsthEdn,atparagraph–Acompany,beingaseparatelegalperson,canconspirewithitsdirectorsandtheknowledgeofthecompanymaybefoundinadirectorABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUV由此whohasmanagementorcontrolforthetransactionoractinquestionSeeClerkLindsellonTortsthEdn,atparagraph–BelmontFinanceCorporationvWilliamsFurnitureLtdandothers(No)AllERHere,theconductofallthedefendantsdemonstratethattheyhavecombinedtogetherwiththecommonintentionofinjuringAppleandIPApplicationbyactinginbreachoftheAgreementProviewHoldings,ProviewElectronicsandProviewShenzhen,allclearlyunderYang’scontrol,haverefusedtotakeanystepstoensurecompliancewiththeAgreementsothattheChinaTrademarksareproperlyassignedortransferredtoIPApplicationInstead,theyattemptedtoexploitthe

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