关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 【Routledge 重要社会学家】Bourdieu.pdf

【Routledge 重要社会学家】Bourdieu.pdf

【Routledge 重要社会学家】Bourdieu.pdf

上传者: calvino_lue 2012-07-05 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《【Routledge 重要社会学家】Bourdieupdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含shalinisFileAttachmentacovervbjpgPIERREBOURDIEUKEYSOCIOLOGISTSSeriesEditor符等。

shalinisFileAttachmentacovervbjpgPIERREBOURDIEUKEYSOCIOLOGISTSSeriesEditor:PeterHamiltonTheOpenUniversityKEYSOCIOLOGISTSSeriesEditor:PETERHAMILTONTheOpenUniversity,MiltonKeynesThisseriespresentsconciseandreadabletextscoveringthework,lifeandinfluenceofmanyofthemostimportantsociologists,andsociologicallyrelevantthinkers,fromthebirthofthedisciplinetothepresentdayAimedprimarilyattheundergraduate,thebookswillalsobeusefultopreuniversitystudentsandotherswhoareinterestedinthemainideasofsociology’smajorthinkersMARXANDMARXISMPETERWORSLEY,ProfessorofSociology,UniversityofManchesterMAXWEBERFRANKPARKIN,TutorinPoliticsandFellowofMagdalenCollege,OxfordEMILEDURKHEIMKENNETHTHOMPSON,ReaderinSociology,FacultyofSocialSciences,TheOpenUniversity,MiltonKeynesTALCOTTPARSONSPETERHAMILTON,TheOpenUniversity,MiltonKeynesSIGMUNDFREUDROBERTBOCOCK,TheOpenUniversity,MiltonKeynesCWRIGHTMILLSJETELDRIDGE,DepartmentofSociology,UniversityofGlasgowTHEFRANKFURTSCHOOLTOMBOTTOMORE,EmeritusProfessorofSociology,UniversityofSussexGEORGSIMMELDAVIDFRISBY,DepartmentofSociology,UniversityofGlasgowKARLMANNHEIMDAVIDKETTLER,ProfessorofPoliticalStudies,TrentUniversity,OntarioVOLKERMEJA,AssociateProfessorofSociology,MemorialUniversityofNewfoundland,andNICOSTEHR,ProfessorofSociology,UniversityofAlbertaMICHELFOUCAULTBARRYSMART,DepartmentofSociologicalStudies,UniversityofSheffieldTHEETHNOMETHODOLOGISTSWESSHARROCKandBOBANDERSON,DepartmentofSociology,UniversityofManchesterERVINGGOFFMANTOMBURNS,EmeritusProfessorofSociology,UniversityofEdinburghJÜRGENHABERMASMICHAELPUSEY,UniversityofNewSouthWales,AustraliaROBERTKMERTONCHARLESCROTHERS,UniversityofAuckland,NewZealandPIERREBOURDIEURICHARDJENKINSSeniorLecturerinSociologyUniversityCollege,SwanseaLondonandNewYorkFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeNewFetterLane,LondonECPEESimultaneouslypublishedintheUSAandCanadabyRoutledgeWestthStreet,NewYork,NYRoutledgeisanimprintoftheTaylorFrancisGroupThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,“TopurchaseyourowncopyofthisoranyofTaylorFrancisorRoutledge’scollectionofthousandsofeBookspleasegotohttp:wwwebookstoretandfcouk”RichardJenkinsAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilizedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloguinginPublicationDataJenkins,Richard,–PierreBourdieuRichardJenkinspcm(Keysociologists)IncludesbibliographicalreferencesandindexBourdieu,PierreSociologyFranceSociologyMethodologyITitleIISeriesHMFJ–′–dcCIPISBNMasterebookISBNISBN(AdobeeReaderFormat)ISBN(PrintEdition)TableofContentsAcknowledgementsviiChapterABookforReadingChapterAnthropologyandStructuralismChapterExperimentsinEpistemologyChapterPractice,HabitusandFieldChapterSymbolicViolenceandSocialReproductionChapterCulture,StatusandDistinctionChapterUsesofLanguageChapterUsingBourdieuReadingBourdieuNameindexSubjectindexAcknowledgementsThisbookisthedirectproductofChrisRojek’ssuggestionthatIwriteitWithoutthatsuggestion,itwouldprobablyneverhaveseenthelightofdaynormightiteverhavedonesowithouthisunobtrusivebutsupportiveeditorialpresenceMythanksarealsoduetoJackGoody,whofirstintroducedmetoBourdieu’sworkassomethingwhichImightfindstimulatingandinterestingHewasrightIhavequotedparticularlyextensivelyinthecourseofthetextfromtwoofBourdieu’sbooks,DistinctionandTheLogicofPracticeIgratefullyacknowledgepermissiontodosofrom,respectively,RoutledgeandPolityPressBasilBlackwellLtdLesÉditionsdeMinuitgenerouslygrantedsimilarpermissionswithrespecttothenonEnglishlanguagecopyright,throughouttheworld,oftheoriginaleditions,LaDistinctionandLesenspratiqueImustalsothankStephanieAdams,KateIngram,JohnParkerandChrisStray,forreadingallorpartofvariousversionsofthebookwhilstitwasinpreparationTheircommentswhichIconfessIhavenotalwaysacceptedand,muchmoreimportant,theirencouragementmadewhatsometimesfeltlikeanimpossiblejobseemmoremanageablePierreBourdieuandRichardNicewerealsokindenoughtoenterintowhatwereformehelpfulexchangesofcorrespondenceFinally,ImustexpressmyadmirationforthespeedandaccuracywithwhichLettyJohntypedupwhatwasnotastraightforwardmanuscriptABookforReadingPierreBourdieuhas,withnodoubtconsciousirony,referredtohisrecentstudyoftheFrenchuniversitysystem,HomoAcademicus,asa‘bookforburning’Asaninsider’sattempttodistancehimselffrom,demythologiseandanalysecriticallythatsystem,itis,hesuggests,vulnerabletocolleaguelyaccusationsofsubversionorheresy,ifnotoutrighttreacheryAswithmostofBourdieu’swork,inparticularhisworkoverthelasttwodecades,itssubversivepotentialis,however,considerablyunderminedbythenatureofthelanguagethatheusesandhisgeneralwritingstyleIdiosyncraticusagesandneologisms,alliedtofrequentlyrepetitive,longsentenceswhichareburdeneddownwithahostofsubclausesanddiscursivedetours,combinewithcomplicateddiagramsandvisualschemestoconfrontthereaderwithataskthatmany,whethertheybeundergraduates,postgraduatesorprofessionalsocialscientists,finddauntingAsthereaderwillgatherfromwhatIhavejustwritten,itisnotthatIhaveanynecessaryobjectionstoeitherlongishsentencesorsubclausesBourdieu’swriting,however,whichhehasdescribedas‘apermanentstruggleagainstordinarylanguage’,is,asIwillargueinalaterchapter,unnecessarilylongwinded,obscure,complexandintimidatoryHedoesnothavetowriteinthisfashiontosaywhathewantstosayInofferingthisintroductiontoBourdieu’sworkandthought,therefore,myfirstobjectivehasbeentodiscussthatworkandthoughtoutsidetheopaquelanguagegamesofhissociologicalcircleandhisinterpretersInotherwords,myintentionisto‘translate’BourdieuintolanguagewhichisasclearandasstraightforwardaspossibleHence,thisisa‘bookforreading’Thisobjectiveisinformedbytwobasicpropositions:first,thatitisworthwritingsuchabook,andsecond,thatitispossibletodosowithoutdoingviolencetothesubtletyanddepthofhisargumentsWithrespecttothefirstofthese,therecanbelittledoubtthatBourdieu’scontributionstosociologyandsocialanthropologyareimportantWiththepassingofAlthusser,BarthesandFoucaulthe,morethananyothercomparablefigureBoudonorTouraine,forexamplehascometopersonifythecontinuedvalueandvigourofadistinctlyFrenchintellectualtraditionwithinthesocialsciencesOccupyingashedoesapoliticalandtheoreticalspaceconstructedoutofthedivergentcurrentsofMarx,WeberandDurkheim,structuralismandinteractionism,pessimisticdeterminismandacelebratorybeliefintheimprovisatorycreativepotentialofhumanpractice,heappearstobeanattractiveandheterodoxsourceofinspirationforsocialtheoryinthesThereareanumberofmorespecificreasonswhyBourdieu’sworkissoimportantFirst,thereisthemajorcontributionwhichhehasmadetothedebateabouttherelationshipbetweenstructureandactionwhichreemergedduringthelatesandearlysasthekeyquestionforsocialtheorySecond,andbyinterestingcomparisonwith,say,AnthonyGiddens,thatcontributionhasconsistentlybeenframedbyanengagementbetweensystematicempiricalworkwhetherrelyingonethnographyorAbookforreadingsocialsurveyapproachesandreflexivetheorisingItisthetensionbetweenthesetwoaspectsofBourdieu’sworkthatmakesitsointeresting:‘theorywithoutempiricalresearchisempty,empiricalresearchwithouttheoryisblind’Third,andasaconsequence,perhaps,ofthefactthatBourdieuhasbeenanactivesocialresearcherthroughouthiscareer,epistemologicalquestionsaboutthenatureofadequatesociologicalknowledgeandtheconditionsunderwhichitispossiblearecentraltohisprojectThesearequestionsofwhichmanysociologistsandanthropologistswhethertheyseethemselvesasprimarily‘theorists’or‘researchers’have,tothedetrimentoftheirenterprise,lostsightFinallyalthoughitwouldbepossibletoprovidefurtherjustificationsforwritingashortintroductiontohisworkBourdieuis,byvirtueofthethreepointsmentionedabove,enormouslygoodtothinkwithHisworkinvites,evendemands,argumentandreflectionIfonemakestheinitialeffort,itis,Isuspect,impossibletoremainneutralaboutwhatheissayingWhetheroneagreeswithhimornotthereissomethingtobelearned,somethingtobeturnedtogoodpurposeinone’sownwork,andirritating,persistentproblemscreativesociologicaldoubtswhichareimpossibletoignoreHeraisestrickyquestionsandhelpstoprovidesomeofthemeansbywhichtheymaybeansweredBourdieu’sworkoffersthepatientreaderatremendouslyusefulintellectualresourceAsfarasI’mconcerned,Ihaveverypragmaticrelationshipswithauthors:IturntothemasIwouldtofellowsandcraftmasters,inthesensethosewordshadinthemediaevalguildpeopleyoucanasktogiveyouahandindifficultsituationsItisjustsucha‘pragmaticrelationship’withBourdieu’swritingsthatIhopetoencouragehere,arelationshipthatpermitsofthemosttrenchantcriticismwhilerecognisingthegreatvalueofwhathehastosaySucharelationshipisallthemorenecessarybecause,untilfairlyrecently,theappropriationofBourdieu’sworkintheEnglishspeakingworldhasbeenproblematicBecauseofthedifficultyofhiswork,andalsoperhapsbecauseoftheusestowhichtheesotericwritingsofaparticularspeciesofFrenchintellectualcanbeputintheaccumulationofculturalcapitalincertainareasofAnglophoneacademiclife,Bourdieuhasbeenmorereadaboutthanread,moretalkedaboutthancriticallydiscussedSomeofhisbooksReproductioninEducation,SocietyandCultureisprobablythebestexampleareverywidelycitedBycomparisonwithauthorssuchasBarthesorFoucault,however,thecriticalliteraturedealingwithBourdieuisrelativelysparse,althoughthislackisnowbeginningtoberemediedWhatismore,onlookingattheusestowhichatextsuchasReproductionhasbeenputintheworkofEnglishspeakingwriters,oneoftencomesawaywiththeimpressionthattheirknowledgeandunderstandingofitare,atbest,superficialThis,however,maybeashortcomingofmorethanjusttheAnglophoneworldMartineSegalen,forexample,hasrecentlydiscussedBourdieu’sinfluenceuponFrenchethnologyShedefines‘strategies’,akeyconceptinBourdieu’sanalyticalframework,as‘theproductofsocialruleswheredemographicvariablesandeconomicand“symbolic”PierreBourdieucapitalintervene’Aswewillseelater,toconceptualisestrategiesintermsofrulescouldnotbefurtherfromthetruthofBourdieu’smodelAfurtherproblemisthefactthatmuchofthediscussionofBourdieuconcentratesonafairlynarrowspectrumofhisworkVeryfewcritiquesspanthefullrangefromAlgerianethnographytothesociologyofeducationtomethodologyorevenasubstantialsliceofitThis,ofcourse,maybeunderstandableBourdieu’svisionisbroaderandhisscholarshipmoresubstantialthanmostofthose,andIincludemyselfinthis,whowriteabouthimItisacriticalnarrowness,however,whichhasunfortunatelyencouragedalessthanadequateappreciationofwhatheissayingItdoesBourdieuaconsiderableinjustice,forexample,toregardhimasprimarilyasociologistofeducationorcultureThereismuchmoretothemanthanthisAnexampleofthiskindoftunnelvisioncanbefoundinsocialanthropologistMauriceBloch’sdiscussionofBourdieu’sstructuralistanalysisoftheKabylehouse(apaperwhichisdiscussedindetailinChapterTwo)ItisreallyonlypossibleforBlochtoarguethatBourdieu’smodelofthesocialisationprocessisunidimensionalandinadequateiemakingnoallowancesforideologybyvirtueofhisapparentignoranceofBourdieu’sextensive,butnominallysociological,analysesoftheFrencheducationsystemAsaconsequence,therefore,ofsuperficiality,narrownessoffocusordisciplinaryfastidiousnessoneoftenencountersBourdieuinotherpeople’swritingaseitherastrawmanoranidolwithoutfeetofclayWiththeexceptionofhisworkonsport,IintendtomakeanattemptheretoremedythissituationbydealingwithallofBourdieu’soeuvreInparticular,IhopetoconvincethereaderofthecentralitytosociologyandanthropologycertainlyinasmuchastheyareintellectualenterprisesnecessarilyrootedinempiricalresearchofBourdieu’sapproachtoepistemologyandmethodologyToreiteratemyearlierpointabout‘beinggoodtothinkwith’,hissignificanceinthisrespectliesnotsomuchinwhetheroneacceptsorrejectshisarguments,butinthefactthathemakesthematallThisbook,therefore,hasthreeobjectives:first,toproduceaproperlycriticalaccountofBourdieu’sworkwhichwillbeaccessibletostudentssecond,indoingso,toexamineabroadrangeofBourdieu’sworkandthird,toplaceBourdieu’sepistemologicalandmethodologicalwritingsatthecentreofthataccountBeforegoingontotacklethisagenda,however,itmaybeusefultosituatehisworkinitspropercontext,hispersonalbiographyandintellectualcareerLIFEANDWORKOnmanyoccasions,particularlyduringinterviews,BourdieuhastalkedabouttherelationshipbetweenhisexperienceandhistoryasapersonandhisintellectualprojectAlthoughhenowoccupiesthemostseniorchairinsociologyinFrance,attheCollègedeFrance,hehascometoitinaroundaboutfashionAccordingtohismostfaithfulEnglishtranslator,RichardNice,thereisamyththatof‘thepeasantboyconfrontingurbancivilisation’andthereisamoreseriousversionofBourdieu’slife,thatofa‘petitbourgeoisandasuccessstory’OnecanperhapshearechoesofthatromanticmythwhenBourdieusaysthingssuchas,‘Ididn’thaveanyaccountstosettlewiththeAbookforreadingbourgeoisfamily’Moredirectly,laterinthesameinterview,indiscussinghisbreakwiththe‘arroganceanddistance’whichcharacterisestherelationshipbetweenanthropologyanditssubjectmatterpeoplehesuggeststhat:ThedifficultiesIhadinstudyingKabylepeasants,theirmarriagepatternsorrites,‘fromabove’issurelyrelatedtomyencounter,asachild,withpeasantswhoseviewsonsuchmattersashonourordishonourwereinnoformdifferentfrommyownInsofarastheyareofanyimportance,herearesomebarefactstobeginwithBorninDenguin,asmalltownintheBéarnareaoftheDépartementdesBassesPyrenéesinsoutheasternFrance,onApril,PierreBourdieuisthesonofacivilservant,unfonctionnaireMorepetitbourgeoisthanpeasant,perhaps,butitwasaruralareaandclosetothelandIntheearlysheattendedtheÉcolenormalesupérieureinParis,aneliteteachertrainingcollegeAlthoughhegraduatedasanagrégédephilosophie,herefusedtowriteathesisinreaction,byhisownaccount,tothepedestrianandauthoritariannatureoftheeducationwhichwasonofferItwasnotonlytheinstitution,however,withwhichhe(andothers)wereuncomfortable:ThepressureexertedbyStalinismwassoexasperatingthat,around,wehadfoundedattheÉcolenormale(withBianco,Comte,Marin,Derrida,Patienteandothers)aCommitteefortheDefenceofFreedom,whichLeRoyLaduriedenouncedinthecommunistcellattheÉcole…ForayearfollowinghisagrégationhetaughtinaprovinciallycéeThen,in,hewasconscripted,servingfortwoyearswiththeFrenchArmyinAlgeriaItwasthisexperiencemorethananyotherwhichappearstomarkthebeginningofhisjourneyfromphilosophytothesocialsciencesItwasalsoapoliticalexperience:AftertwoarduousyearsduringwhichtherewasnopossibilityofdoingresearchIcoulddosomeworkagainIbegantowriteabookwiththeintentionofhighlightingtheplightoftheAlgerianpeopleand,also,thatoftheFrenchsettlerswhosesituationwasnolessdramatic…IwasappalledbythegapbetweentheviewsofFrenchintellectualsaboutthiswarandhowitshouldbebroughttoanend,andmyownexperiences…MaybeIwantedtobeusefulinordertoovercomemyguiltyconscienceaboutmerelybeingaparticipantobserverinthisappallingwarThebookwasSociologiedel’Algérie,firstpublishedin,andfortwofurtheryearsBourdieustayedinAlgeria,teachingattheUniversityofAlgiersandundertakingadditionalfieldresearchHehasdescribedthis,hisfirstbook,as‘thepoorattemptofanoutsider’bethatasitmay,itnow,withthebenefitofhindsight,appearstositoutsidethesubsequentdevelopmentalstreamofhiscareerVerymuchaworkofempiricalsocialinvestigation,itoffers,evenyet,awealthofinformationaboutAlgeriaanditspeoplesPierreBourdieubutlittleinthewayofanalysisItwas,nonetheless,abeginninganditprovidedhimwithusefulresearchexperienceOnhisreturntoFranceinhespentayearasanassistantintheFacultyofArtsattheUniversityofParisHavingbecomesomethingofananthropologist,albeitaselftaughtone,heattendedLéviStrauss’sseminarsattheCollègedeFranceandethnologylecturesattheMuséedel’HommeHealsoreturnedtoreadingMarxandworkedasRaymondAron’sassistantNowitwassociologywhichbeckonedFollowingthreeyearsattheUniversityofLillehereturnedtoParisin,asDirectorofStudiesatl’Écolepratiquedeshautesetudes,theParisianpowerbaseuponwhichhissubsequentcareerwasinitiallyfoundedFromthispointonwewitnessanevergatheringmomentumofresearchactivityandpublicationAresearchgroupingbegantoaccretearoundBourdieuintherarefiedintellectualcockpitofParishebecameapatronInparticular,therewasthefoundationinoftheCentredeSociologieEuropéenne,ofwhichheremainstheDirector,andthesubsequentlaunchofitsassociatedjournal,Actesdelarechercheensciences

用户评论(0)

0/200

精彩专题

上传我的资料

每篇奖励 +2积分

资料评价:

/27
仅支持在线阅读

意见
反馈

立即扫码关注

爱问共享资料微信公众号

返回
顶部