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首页 【Routledge 五十思想家系列】犹太人 Fifty key jewish thinker…

【Routledge 五十思想家系列】犹太人 Fifty key jewish thinkers.pdf

【Routledge 五十思想家系列】犹太人 Fifty ke…

上传者: calvino_lue 2012-07-05 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《【Routledge 五十思想家系列】犹太人 Fifty key jewish thinkerspdf》,可适用于人文社科领域,主题内容包含FIFTYKEYJEWISHTHINKERSFiftyKeyJewishThinkersisapanoramicsurveyofover,years符等。

FIFTYKEYJEWISHTHINKERSFiftyKeyJewishThinkersisapanoramicsurveyofover,yearsofJewishthought,religiousandsecular,ancientandmodernNowinitssecondedition,thisessentialreferenceguidecontainsnewintroductionstothelivesandworksofsuchthinkersas:•HannahArendt•ImmanuelLévinas•JudithPlaskow•SigmundFreud•WalterBenjaminAlsoincludingfullyupdatedguidestofurtherreadingonfiguresfromthemiddleagesthroughtothetwentyfirstcentury,historicalmapsandachronologyplacingthethinkersincontext,thisisanessentialandaffordableonevolumereferencetoarichandcomplextraditionDanCohnSherbokisProfessorofJewishTheologyattheUniversityofWales,LampeterHeistheauthorofoverfortybooks,includingJudaism:History,BeliefandPractice(Routledge,)AlsoavailablefromRoutledgeJudaism:theBasicsJacobNeusner–––Islam:theBasicsColinTurner–––XReligion:theBasicsMaloryNye–––RomanCatholicism:theBasicsMichaelWalsh–––KeyConceptsinEasternPhilosophyOliverLeaman–––FiftyMajorCitiesoftheBibleJohnLaughlin–––FiftyKeyChristianThinkersPeterMcEnhillandGeorgeNewlands–––FiftyEasternThinkersDianéCollinson,KathrynPlantandRobertWilkinson–––FiftyKeyFiguresinIslamRoyJackson–––TheRoutledgeDictionaryofJudaismJacobNeusnerandAlanAveryPeck–––TheoryforReligiousStudiesJaeEmerling–––FIFTYKEYJEWISHTHINKERSSecondEditionDanCohnSherbokFirstpublishedbyRoutledgeThiseditionpublishedbyRoutledgeMadisonAve,NewYork,NYSimultaneouslypublishedintheUKbyRoutledgeParkSquare,MiltonPark,Abingdon,OxonOXRNRoutledgeisanimprintoftheTaylorFrancisGroup,aninformabusiness,DanCohnSherbokAllrightsreservedNopartofthisbookmaybereprintedorreproducedorutilisedinanyformorbyanyelectronic,mechanical,orothermeans,nowknownorhereafterinvented,includingphotocopyingandrecording,orinanyinformationstorageorretrievalsystem,withoutpermissioninwritingfromthepublishersBritishLibraryCataloguinginPublicationDataAcataloguerecordforthisbookisavailablefromtheBritishLibraryLibraryofCongressCataloginginPublicationDataAcatalogrecordforthisbookhasbeenappliedforISBN:–––(hbk)ISBN:–––(pbk)ISBN:–––(ebk)ISBN:––––(hbk)ISBN:––––(pbk)ISBN:––––(ebk)ThiseditionpublishedintheTaylorFranciseLibrary,“TopurchaseyourowncopyofthisoranyofTaylorFrancisorRoutledge’scollectionofthousandsofeBookspleasegotowwweBookstoretandfcouk”ISBNMasterebookISBNCONTENTSPrefaceviiAcknowledgementsixChronologicaltablexMapsxiiiIsaacAbrabanelAhadHaAmJosephAlboHannahArendtBaalShemTovLeoBaeckWalterBenjaminEliezerBerkovitsMartinBuberHermannCohenHasdaiCrescasAbrahamibnDaudJacquesDerridaDovBaerofMezhirichSimonDubnowSolomonFormstecherSigmundFreudSolomonibnGabirolAbrahamGeigerGersonidesAharonDavidGordonHeinrichGraetzJudahHaleviTheodorHerzlAbrahamJoshuaHeschelvMosesHessSamsonRaphaelHirschSamuelHirschVladimirJabotinskyZeviHirschKalischerMordecaiKaplanAbrahamIsaacKookImmanuelLévinasIsaacLuriaMosesHayyimLuzzattoSolomonMaimonMaimonidesKarlMarxMosesMendelssohnNahmanofBratslavNahmanidesBahyaibnPakudaPhiloLeonPinskerJudithPlaskowFranzRosenzweigSaadiahbenJosephGaonGershomScholemBaruchSpinozaHayyimVitalIndexCONTENTSviPREFACEFormorethanthirtyyearsIhavetaughtcoursesdealingwiththehistoryofJewishthoughtDuringthistimeIhavedirectedstudentstosuchmultivolumeencyclopediasofJudaismastheJewishEncyclopediaandtheEncyclopaediaJudaicaThesevastrepositoriesofmaterialprovideawealthofinformationaboutkeythinkersinthehistoryoftheJewishfaithNonetheless,veryoftenstudentsfindtheseworksoverwhelmingaswellasdifficulttogainaccesstoiftheyaremuchindemandinthelibraryComputershavereducedthesedifficultiesconsiderably:theJewishEncyclopediaisnowavailableonlineandtheEncyclopaediaJudaicaisavailableasaCDROMFrequentlyIhavesuggestedtostudentsthattheylookatanumberofsinglevolumeencyclopediasanddictionariesaswellasspecializedmonographsdealingwithJewishthoughtManyoftheseworks,however,failtomeettheirneeds:theyareeitherfartoobrieforoverlydetailedIncreasinglyIhavecometoseethatwhatisneededisasinglevolumesurveyofmajorJewishthinkersSuchahandyreferencebookwouldnottaketheplaceofeithermultivolumereferenceworksorstudiesofindividualthinkersratheritcouldserveasafirstpointofentryintothefascinatingworldofJewishthoughtThisbook,FiftyKeyJewishThinkers,wasthusdesignedtofillagapinthetypesofintroductorybookavailabletostudentsaswellastoteachersandmoregeneralreadersInevitablysuchanoverviewofJewishthoughtmustbehighlyselective,andmanyimportantthinkershavebeenomittedYet,theaimofthissurveyistointroducereaderstosomeofthemostimportantJewishthinkersinthehistoryofJudaismfrompostbiblicaltimestothepresentdayPriortothenineteenthcentury,JewishthinkersmadecontributionstoJewishthoughtinsubsequentcenturies,theywereabletobranchoutintootherareasThroughoutthisworkthecriterionforinclusionhasbeentheimportanceofcontributionsmadetoJewishphilosophical,theologicalviiandmysticalreflectionaswellastootherfieldsMyintentionhasbeentoprovidethetypesofinformationmostcommonlysoughtbystudentswhowishtoexploretherichnessofJewishthoughtasitdevelopedthroughthecenturiesPREFACEviiiACKNOWLEDGEMENTSInwritingthisbookIwouldliketoacknowledgemyindebtednesstoanumberofimportantbooksfromwhichIhaveobtainedinformationandsourcematerial:CSirat,AHistoryofJewishPhilosophyintheMiddleAges,Cambridge,EncyclopaediaJudaica,Jerusalem,IHusik,AHistoryofMedievalJewishPhilosophy,NewYork,WJacobs,JudaismThroughChristianEyes,Cincinnati,Ohio,RSeltzer,JewishPeople,JewishThought,NewYork,animportantreaderofJewishmysticalwriting:LJacobs,JewishMysticalTestimonies,NewYork,andtwoexcellentstudiesandreadersofZionistthought:SAvineri,TheMakingofModernZionism,NewYork,andAHertzberg,TheZionistIdea:AHistoricalAnalysisandReader,NewYork,Thosewhowishtodiscovermoreinformationaboutthewriterscoveredinthisvolume–includingphilosophers,theologians,kabbalistsandZionists–areencouragedtoconsultthesebooksaswellasthoselistedthroughoutthisstudyForallJewishthinkersIhaveprovidedbriefbiographicaldetailsandaconcisedescriptionofsomecentralfeaturesoftheirwritingattheendofeachentryIhavesuppliedalistofsignificantworksaswellassecondaryliteratureIwouldalsoliketothankRichardStonemanofRoutledgeforhisencouragementandDavidAvitalofRoutledgeforhishelpwiththisbookixCHRONOLOGICALTABLEPatriarchalperiodc–BCEExodusfromEgyptc–BCEPeriodoftheJudgesc–BCEPeriodoftheUnitedMonarchyc–BCEDivisionoftheKingdomscBCEDestructionoftheNorthernKingdomcBCEDestructionoftheSouthernKingdomcBCEBabylonianexilec–BCEReturnoftheexilescBCERebuildingoftheTemplec–BCESecondTempleperiodcBCE–CEPhiloBCE–CEJewishrebellionagainstRome–CEDestructionoftheSecondTempleCERomanperiodcBCE–CEMishnahcompiledcCEJerusalemTalmudcompiledcthcenturyBabylonianTalmudcompiledthcenturyPeriodoftheGeonimc–KaraismfoundedcSaadiahbenJosephGaon–SolomonibnGabirol–BahyaibnPakuda–JudahHalevi–Crusades–AbrahamibnDaud–Maimonides–Nahmanides–EstablishmentoftheInquisitiocGersonides–xHasdaiCrescas–JosephAlbo–DisputationofTortosa–IsaacAbrabanel–ExpulsionoftheJewsfromSpainIsaacLuria–HayyimVital–EarlyModernperiodc–BaruchSpinoza–Modernperiodc–presentBaalShemTov–MosesHayyimLuzzatto–DovBaerofMezhirich–MosesMendelssohn–SolomonMaimon–NahmanofBratslav–ReformMovementfoundedcZeviHirschKalischer–SolomonFormstecher–SamsonRaphaelHirsch–AbrahamGeiger–MosesHess–SamuelHirsch–HeinrichGraetz–KarlMarx–LeonPinsker–HermannCohen–ConservativeMovementfoundedcFirstZionistCongressSigmundFreud–AharonDavidGordon–AhadHaAm–TheodorHerzl–SimonDubnow–ModernOrthodoxyfoundedcAbrahamIsaacKook–LeoBaeck–GershomScholem–ReconstructionistMovementfoundedcHolocaust–StateofIsraelMartinBuber–CHRONOLOGICALTABLExiVladimirJabotinsky–MordecaiKaplan–FranzRosenzweig–WalterBenjamin–EliezerBerkovits–ImmanuelLévinas–HannahArendt–AbrahamJoshuaHeschel–JacquesDerrida–JudithPlaskow–CHRONOLOGICALTABLExiiDublinKINGDOMOFENGLANDKINGDOMOFFRANCEGERMANEMPIREKINGDOMOFPOLANDKINGDOMOFHUNGARYALMOHADEMPIREKINGDOMOFSICILYBULGARIANEMPIRESELJUKSULTANATEOFICONIUMABBASIDCALIPHATESHAHDOMOFKHWARIZMSULTANATEOFDELHIRUSSIANPRINCIPALITIESLondonRouenABCDE,kmCologneParisLyonsMainzBreslauKievConstantinopleAmadiaGEORGIAARMENIAAZERBAIJANAleppoHillahTabrizMosulBasraBaghdadOkbaraShirazIsfahanSamarkandDCGhazniKhotanTHEJEWISHWORLDINRiverIndusRiverGangesHamadanDerbentDamascusPumbedithaNuremburgRomeMelfiSicilyOtrantoMaltaMediterraneanSeaCreteCyprusAlexandriaCairoRiverNileAdenIndianOceanAreaofJewishsettlementMajorplaceofJewishsettlementOtherplaceofJewishsettlementLimitofIslamicruleLimitofChristianruleMalabarCoastBayofBengalCeylonINDIAArabianSeaYEMENABYSSINIAARABIAHEJAZBarkaTripoliThebesSalonicaNaplesSalernoSardiniaFezPalermoTroyesWormsSpeyerMarseillesBarcelonaToledoAYYUBIDSULTANATETHEJEWSOFTHEUNITEDSTATES,–OREGONSecondlargestJewishpopulation(over,in)OvermillionJewsin,,synagoguesThreeYiddishdailynewspapersMainimmigrantwaves–,GermanPolishJews–,,RussianJews–,RumanianJews–,GermanAustrianJews,NationalJewishhospitalfoundedtoprovidefreemedicalcarefortuberculosisvictimsirrespectiveofreligionorraceSanFranciscoLosAngelesDenverCOLORADOKANSASARKANSASLOUISIANAStLouisChicagoCincinnatiClevelandPhiladelphiaAlbanyBostonNewYorkHebrewTheologicalCollegeHebrewUnionCollegeBrardeisUniverstiyYeshivaUniversityNationalFarmSchoolDropsieCollegekmDBJewish–sponsorededucationalinstitutionPrincipalcityinwhichovermillionJewsfromRussiasettled,–EarlycentreofReformJudaismJewishagriculturalcolonyestablishedbyimmigrantsfromRussia,–Statewith,–,JewsbyStatewithover,JewsbySOUTHDAKOTANORTHDAKOTANumberofJewsintheUSA,,,,,,EUROPEANJEWISHPOPULATIONAFTERTHESECONDWORLDWARAkmBD,Jewishpopulation,USSR,,,,ROMANIA,,,HUNGARY,,,CZECHOSLOVAKIA,,,DENMARK,,,BELGIUM,,,LUXEMBURG,SWITZERLAND,,,SPAIN,,,FRANCE,,,BRITAIN,,,IRELAND,,,PORTUGAL,,,AUSTRIA,,,ITALY,,,GERMANY,,,NETHERLANDS,,,POLAND,LITHUANIA,LATVIA,ESTONIA,,FINLAND,,,SWEDEN,,,NORWAY,,,BULGARIA,,,TURKEY,,,GREECE,,,ALBANIA,,YUGOSLAVIA,,,TotalpopulationFIFTYKEYJEWISHTHINKERSISAACABRABANEL(–)AbravanelPortuguesebiblicalexegeteandstatesmanBorninLisbonin,IsaacAbrabanelwasadescendantofmerchantsandcourtiersHereceivedbothJewishandseculareducationbytheageofhehadcomposedatractonprovidenceandprophecyandgivendiscoursesonDeuteronomyinthesynagogueLikehisfatherJudah,heservedasthetreasurertoAlfonsoVofPortugalandbecameheadofaprosperousbusinessHowever,afterbeingaccusedofconspiracybyJoãoIIwhoaccededtopowerin,hefledtwoyearslaterandenteredtheserviceofFerdinandandIsabellaofCastileInAprilAbrabanelunsuccessfullysoughttorevoketheEdictofExpulsionoftheJewsofSpainonlMayhesailedtoNapleswhereheundertookasimilarroletothathehadplayedinCastile,inthecourtofFerdinandI,KingofNaplesEventually,hesettledinVeniceinwhereheparticipatedindiplomaticnegotiationsbetweentheVenetianSenateandPortugalHediedinDuringhissixteenyearsinItaly,hecomposedmostofhiswritingsHisworksconsistofavarietyoftexts,mostofwhichwerepublishedinthesixteenthcentury:lCommentaryonthePentateuch,earlyprophets(Joshua,Judges,Samuel,Kings),laterprophets(Isaiah,Jeremiah,Ezekiel)andtwelveminorprophetsCommentariesontheHaggadah(Passoverprayerbook)andPirkeiAvot(SayingsoftheFathers)Threestudiesdealingwithmessianicdeliverance,includingacommentaryontheBookofDanielAcommentaryonMaimonides’GuideofthePerplexed,answerstoqueriesdealingwiththeGuideandashorttreatiseonitscompositionandAssortedworksdiscussingphilosophicalandtheologicalissues,includingTheCrownoftheAncientsdealingwithprophecyandprovidenceNewSkiesonthecreationoftheuniverseTheWorksofGodalsodealingwithcreationThePrincipleofFaithtreatingtheprinciplesoftheJewishfaithAshortstudyontheFormoftheElementsandTwoothertextsondivinejusticeandprophecyISAACABRABANELInAbrabanel’swriting,therearenumerousreferencestoMaimonideswhomheoftenbitterlycriticizesinmanyrespectshisphilosophicalwritingisacommentaryonMaimonides’GuideofthePerplexedHenceAbrabanel’sdiscussionofthreemajorareasofinterest–thecreationofthecosmos,prophecyandtheprinciplesofJudaism–wasdeeplyinfluencedbyMaimonides’theoriesevenifatvariouspointsheputsforwarddifferinginterpretationsAccordingtoAbrabanel,thedoctrineofcreatioexnihiloistheonlyviabletheoryofcreation,evenifitcannotbeconclusivelydemonstratedthroughrationalargumentInoppositiontoGersonides,AbrabanelmaintainsthattheconceptofpreexistentandunformedmatterisunacceptablebecauseofthenecessarycorrelationbetweenmatterandformUnlikeCrescas,hecontendsthattheideaofanecessarywillonGod’spartunderminestheverynotionofthewillAndasregardsthequestionoftheexactmomentwhencreationissupposedtohaveoccurred,AbrabanelmaintainsthatthiscanberesolvedonlybyappealingtotheideathatGodformsinnumerableworlds

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