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首页 高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇

高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇.doc

高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇

monopoleon
2012-07-03 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《高分子材料与工程专业英语词汇doc》,可适用于工程科技领域

高分子化学高分子物质新序码汉文名英文名注释高分子macromolecule,polymer又称“大分子”。超高分子suprapolymer天然高分子naturalpolymer无机高分子inorganicpolymer有机高分子organicpolymer无机有机高分子inorganicorganicpolymer金属有机聚合物organometallicpolymer元素高分子elementpolymer高聚物highpolymer聚合物Polymer低聚物Oligomer曾用名“齐聚物”。二聚体Dimer三聚体Trimer调聚物telomer预聚物prepolymer均聚物homopolymer无规聚合物randompolymer无规卷曲聚合物randomcoilingpolymer头头聚合物headtoheadpolymer头尾聚合物headtotailpolymer尾尾聚合物tailtotailpolymer反式有规聚合物transtacticpolymer顺式有规聚合物cistacticpolymer规整聚合物regularpolymer非规整聚合物irregularpolymer无规立构聚合物atacticpolymer全同立构聚合物isotacticpolymer又称“等规聚合物”。间同立构聚合物syndiotacticpolymer又称“间规聚合物”。杂同立构聚合物heterotacticpolymer又称“异规聚合物”。有规立构聚合物stereoregularpolymer,tacticpolymer又称“有规聚合物”。苏型双全同立构聚合物threodiisotacticpolymer苏型双间同立构聚合物threodisyndiotacticpolymer赤型双全同立构聚合物erythrodiisotacticpolymer赤型双间同立构聚合物erythrodisyndiotacticpolymer全同间同等量聚合物equitacticpolymer共聚物copolymer二元共聚物binarycopolymer三元共聚物terpolymer多元聚合物multipolymer序列共聚物sequentialcopolymer多层共聚物multilayercopolymer多相聚合物multiphasepolymer统计结构共聚物statisticalcopolymer无规共聚物randomcopolymer交替共聚物alternatingcopolymer周期共聚物periodiccopolymer梯度共聚物gradientcopolymer嵌段共聚物blockcopolymer又称“嵌段聚合物(blockpolymer)”。递变嵌段共聚物taperedblockcopolymer两亲嵌段共聚物amphiphilicblockcopolymer二嵌段共聚物diblockcopolymer三嵌段共聚物triblockcopolymer多嵌段共聚物segmentedcopolymer杂聚物heteropolymer恒组分共聚物azeotropiccopolymer多组分共聚物multicomponentcopolymer单分散聚合物monodispersepolymer,uniformpolymer多分散性聚合物polydispersepolymer,nonuniformpolymer高分子共混物polyblend,polymerblend聚合物聚合物配合物polymerpolymercomplex聚合物金属配合物polymermetalcomplex单股聚合物singlestrandpolymer双股聚合物doublestrandpolymer多股聚合物multistrandpolymer链型聚合物chainpolymer碳链聚合物carbonchainpolymer杂链聚合物heterochainpolymer杂环高分子heterocyclicpolymer大环聚合物macrocyclicpolymer直链高分子straightchainpolymer线型聚合物linearpolymer体型聚合物threedimensionalpolymer活性高分子livingpolymer反应性聚合物reactivepolymer极性聚合物polarpolymer非极性聚合物nonpolarpolymer刚性链聚合物rigidchainpolymer半柔性链聚合物semiflexiblechainpolymer柔性链聚合物flexiblechainpolymer刚棒高分子rigidrodpolymer棒状高分子rodlikepolymer刚柔嵌段共聚物rodcoilblockcopolymer树状高分子dendrimer,dendriticpolymer,treepolymer刷状聚合物brushpolymer线团状聚合物coilingtypepolymer花菜状聚合物cauliflowerpolymer螺旋形聚合物helicalpolymer锥形共聚物taperedcopolymer梯形聚合物ladderpolymer分段梯形聚合物stepladderpolymer部分梯形聚合物partialladderpolymer碳环梯形聚合物carbocyclicladderpolymer梳形聚合物combpolymer星形聚合物starpolymer遥爪聚合物telechelicpolymer支化聚合物branchedpolymer超支化聚合物hyperbranchedpolymer接枝聚合物graftpolymer又称“接枝共聚物(graftcopolymer)”。核壳共聚物coreshellcopolymer核壳胶乳聚合物coreshelllatexpolymer手性高分子chiralpolymer互穿聚合物网络interpenetratingpolymernetworks,IPN半互穿[聚合物]网络semiinterpenetratingpolymernetwork(SIPN)异质同晶聚合物polyallomer多晶形聚合物polycrystallinepolymer缔合聚合物associationpolymer共轭聚合物conjugatedpolymer螯合聚合物chelatepolymer远螯聚合物telechelicpolymer螯合型离子交换剂chelatingionexchanger螯合型树脂chelatingresin紫胶shellac又称“虫胶”。蚕丝naturalsilk骨胶原collagen凝胶gel明胶gelatin黄原胶xanthategum琼脂agaragar树胶gum白蛋白albumin脱氧核糖核酸deoxyribonucleicacid(DNA)淀粉amylumstarch直链淀粉amylose支链淀粉amylopectin甲壳质chitin葡聚糖dextran又称“右旋糖酐”。糊精dextrin木素lignin纤维素celluloseα纤维素αcelluloseβ纤维素βcelluloseγ纤维素γcellulose硝酸纤维素cellulosenitrate又称“硝化纤维素”。胺纤维素aminecellulose乙酸纤维素celluloseacetate俗称“醋酸纤维素”。甲基纤维素methylcellulose羟乙基纤维素hydroxyethylcellulose羧甲基纤维素carboxymethylcellulose天然橡胶naturalrubber三叶橡胶Hevea杜仲胶Eucommearubber古塔波胶Guttapercha合成聚合物syntheticpolymer加成聚合物additionpolymer通用高分子commoditypolymer功能高分子functionalpolymer仿生高分子biomimeticpolymer形状记忆高分子shapememorypolymer类酶高分子enzymelikepolymer生物高分子biopolymer生物弹性体bioelastomer生物活性高分子bioactivepolymer生物可蚀性高分子bioerodablepolymer生物降解高分子biodegradablepolymer医用高分子medicalpolymer生物医用高分子biomedicalpolymer高分子药物polymerdrug降解性高分子degradablepolymer高性能高分子highperformancepolymer高模量聚合物highmoduluspolymer特殊性能高分子specialitypolymer又称“特种高分子”。智能聚合物intelligentpolymer亲水聚合物hydrophilicpolymer疏水聚合物hydrophobicpolymer两亲聚合物amphiphilicpolymer吸水性聚合物waterabsorbentpolymer水溶性高分子watersolublepolymer大孔聚合物macroporouspolymer精细高分子finepolymerω聚合物ωpolymer俗称“米花状聚合物(popcornpolymer)”。热解聚合物pyrolyticpolymer高熔聚合物dystecticpolymer光响应高分子photoresponsivepolymer光活性聚合物opticalactivepolymer光敏聚合物photosensitivepolymer光弹性聚合物photoelasticpolymer感光聚合物photopolymer光致发光聚合物photoluminescencepolymer电致发光聚合物electroluminescentpolymer热敏发光聚合物thermosensitiveluminescencepolymer光交联聚合物photocrosslinkablepolymer光固化聚合物photocureablepolymer辐射固化聚合物radiationcurablepolymer光降解聚合物photodegradablepolymer辐射降解聚合物radiationdegradablepolymer光电导聚合物photoconductivepolymer导电聚合物conductingpolymer超导聚合物superconductivepolymer高分子半导体semiconductingpolymer电活性聚合物electroactivepolymer压电高分子piezoelectricpolymer热电性高分子pyroelectricpolymer电致变色聚合物electrochromicpolymer磁性聚合物magneticpolymer超离子导电聚合物superionconductivepolymer铁磁聚合物ferromagneticpolymer铁电聚合物ferroelectricpolymer烧蚀聚合物ablativepolymer高分子离子macroion聚合物驻极体polymerelectret高分子添加剂polymericadditive液晶高分子liquidcrystalpolymer溶致液晶高分子lyotropicliquidcrystallinepolymer热致液晶高分子thermotropicliquidcrystallinepolymer侧链型液晶聚合物sidechainliquidcrystallinepolymer主链型液晶聚合物mainchainliquidcrystallinepolymer高分子催化剂polymercatalyst高分子载体polymericcarrier,polymersupport高分子试剂polymerreactant,polymerreagent离子交联聚合物ionomer离子交换聚合物ionexchangepolymer离子交换树脂ionexchangeresin正离子交换树脂cationexchangeresin负离子交换树脂anionexchangeresin大网络树脂macroreticularresin离子聚合物ionicpolymer聚电解质polyelectrolyte又称“高分子电解质(polymerelectrolyte)”。两性聚电解质polyampholyte,polyamphotericelectrolyte聚合物溶剂polymersolvent树脂resin热敏性树脂thermallysensitiveresin天然树脂naturalresin热塑性树脂thermoplasticresin热固性树脂thermosettingresin塑性体plastomer烃类树脂hydrocarbonresin石油树脂petroleumresin茚树脂indeneresin苯并呋喃茚树脂coumaroneindeneresin萜烯树脂terpeneresin丙烯腈丁二烯苯乙烯树脂acrylonitrilebutadienestyreneresin简称“ABS树脂”。丙烯腈苯乙烯树脂acrylonitrilestyreneresin(AS)丙烯酸酯类树脂acrylicresin氟碳树脂fluorocarbonresin缩醛树脂acetalresin缩甲醛树脂methylalresin缩丁醛树脂butyralresin酚醛树脂phenolformaldehyderesin,phenolicresin甲阶酚醛树脂resol又叫“可溶酚醛树脂”。乙阶酚醛树脂resitol又叫“半熔酚醛树脂”。丙阶酚醛树脂resite又叫“不溶不熔酚醛树脂”。糠醛树脂furfuralresin糠醛苯酚树脂furfuralphenolresin苯酚醚树脂phenoletherresin呋喃树脂furanresin氨基树脂aminoresin脲醛树脂ureaformaldehyderesin聚脲树脂carbamideresin又叫“碳酰胺树脂”。尿素树脂urearesin三聚氰胺树脂Aminotriazineresin三聚氰胺甲醛树脂melamineformaldehyderesin,melamineresin聚酯类树脂polyesterresin醇酸树脂alkydresin烯丙基树脂allylresin有机硅树脂siliconeresin氟树脂fluoroethyleneresin环氧树脂epoxyresin脂肪族环氧树脂aliphaticepoxyresin双酚A环氧树脂bisphenolAepoxyresin氧化还原树脂redoxresin烯类聚合物vinylpolymer双烯聚合物dienepolymer烯烃共聚物olefinecopolymer(OCP)乙烯基聚合物vinylpolymer聚烯烃polyolefin聚乙烯polyethylene超高分子量聚乙烯ultrahighmolecularweightpolyethylene,UHMWPE高密度聚乙烯highdensitypolyethylene,HDPE低密度聚乙烯lowdensitypolyethylene,LDPE线型低密度聚乙烯linearlowdensitypolyethylene,LLDPE超低密度聚乙烯ultralowdensitypolyethylene,ULDPE长支链聚乙烯longchainbranchedpolyethylene聚丙烯polypropylene全同立构聚丙烯isotacticpolypropylene(iPP)又称“等规聚丙烯”。聚丁烯poly(butene)聚异丁烯polyisobutylene聚甲基戊烯poly(methylpentene)聚(辛烯)poly(octene)聚苯乙烯polystyrene高抗冲聚苯乙烯highimpactpolystyrene,HIPS聚乙炔polyacetylene丙烯酸酯类聚合物acrylicpolymer聚丙烯酸poly(acrylicacid)聚丙烯酸盐polyacrylate聚丙烯酸酯polyacrylate聚甲基丙烯酸酯polymethacrylate聚甲基丙烯酸甲酯poly(methylmethacrylate)乙烯乙酸乙烯酯共聚物ethylenevinylacetatecopolymer(EVA)聚乳酸poly(lacticacid)polylactide聚(β氨基丙酸)poly(βalanine)又称“尼龙”、“聚酰胺”。聚(ω氨基己酸)poly(ωaminocaproicacid)又称“尼龙”、“聚酰胺”。聚(氨基辛酸)poly(aminocaprylicacid)又称“尼龙”、“聚酰胺”。聚胱氨酸polycysteine聚谷氨酸poly(glutamicacid)又叫“聚氨基戊二酸”。聚甘氨酸polyglycine聚丙烯腈polyacrylonitrile聚乙酸乙烯酯poly(vinylacetate)俗称“聚醋酸乙烯酯”。聚乙二醇poly(oxyethyleneglycol)聚乙烯醇poly(vinylalcohol)聚乙烯醇缩甲醛poly(vinylformal)聚乙烯醇缩丁醛poly(vinylbutyral)聚氯乙烯poly(vinylchloride)聚,二氯亚乙烯poly(vinylenechloride)聚偏二氯乙烯poly(vinylidenechloride)又称“聚偏二氯乙烯”。聚氟乙烯poly(vinylfluoride)聚偏二氟乙烯poly(vinylidenefluoride)又称“聚偏二氟乙烯”。聚三氟氯乙烯poly(chlorotrifluoroethylene),PCTFE聚四氟乙烯poly(tetrafluoroethylene)聚全氟丙烯poly(perfluoropropene)聚丁二烯polybutadiene,聚丁二烯,polybutadiene,聚丁二烯,polybutadiene顺[式],聚丁二烯cis,polybutadiene反[式],聚丁二烯trans,polybutadiene聚环戊二烯polycyclopentadiene聚异戊二烯polyisoprene,聚异戊二烯,polyisoprene,聚异戊二烯,polyisoprene顺[式],聚异戊二烯cis,polyisoprene反[式],聚异戊二烯trans,polyisoprene聚氯丁二烯polychloroprene开环聚环烯烃polyalkenamer对于环烯烃的聚合产物由于聚合机理的不同一种是开环聚合一种是保留环打开双键的聚合。聚降冰片烯polynorbornene醛类聚合物aldehydepolymer丙烯醛类聚合物acroleinpolymer乙炔类聚合物acetylenicpolymer丙二烯聚合物allenepolymer二乙炔聚合物diacetylenepolymer二烯丙基聚合物diallylpolymer偶氮类聚合物azopolymer氧杂环丁烷聚合物oxetanepolymer配位聚合物coordinationpolymer阻透聚合物barrierpolymer氧化性聚合物oxidativepolymer缩聚物polycondensate共缩聚物intercondensationpolymer聚羧酸酯polycarboxylate聚酯polyester脂肪族聚酯aliphaticpolyester芳香族聚酯aromaticpolyester共聚酯copolyester饱和聚酯saturatedpolyester不饱和聚酯unsaturatedpolyester聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯poly(ethyleneterephthalate)聚对苯二甲酸丁二酯poly(tetramethyleneterephthalate),poly(butyleneterephthalate)聚对苯二甲酸对苯二酯poly(pphenyleneterephthalate)聚碳酸酯polycarbonate双酚A聚碳酸酯bisphenolApolycarbonate聚酰胺polyamide聚醚酰胺poly(etheramide)聚己内酰胺polycaprolactam聚己二酰己二胺poly(hexamethyleneadipamide)聚芳酰胺polyaramide,aromaticpolyamide多肽polypeptide聚醚polyether芳香族聚醚poly(arylether)共聚醚copolyether嵌段聚醚酯blockpoly(esterether)聚甲醛polyoxymethylene,polyformaldehyde低聚甲醛paraformaldehyde又称“多聚甲醛”。共聚甲醛copolyoxymethylene聚环氧乙烷poly(ethyleneoxide)又称“聚氧化乙烯(polyoxyethylene)”。聚环氧丙烷poly(propyleneoxide)又称“聚氧化丙烯(polyoxytrimethylene)”。聚环氧氯丙烷polyepichlorohydrin聚四氢呋喃polytetrahydrofuran,polyoxytetramethylene聚苯醚polyphenyleneoxide又称“聚亚苯醚”。聚硫醚polythioether聚硫化物polysulfide聚对亚苯硫醚poly(pphenylenesulfide)俗称“聚苯硫醚”。聚对亚苯poly(pphenylene)聚砜polysulfone聚芳砜poly(arylsulfone)(PAS)聚芳砜酰胺aromaticpolysulfonamide聚醚砜poly(ethersulfone)聚二苯醚砜poly(diphenylethersulfone)聚酰亚胺polyimide聚均苯四酰亚胺,亚苯poly(pyromellitimido,phenylene)聚苯并咪唑polybenzimidazole聚苯并噻唑polybenzothiazole聚喹喔啉polyquinoxaline聚醚酮poly(etherketone),PEK聚醚醚酮poly(etheretherketone),PEEK聚醚酮酮poly(etherketoneketone),PEKK聚氨基甲酸酯polyurethane简称“聚氨酯”。聚脲polyurea聚醚氨酯poly(etherurethane)聚苯胺polyaniline苯醌聚合物quinonepolymer硅酸盐聚合物silicatepolymer,polysilicate塑料plastic塑料合金plasticalloy工程塑料engineeringplastic增强塑料reinforcedplastic纤维增强塑料fiberreinforcedplastic自增强聚合物selfreinforcingpolymer复合材料composite纳米复合材料nanocomposite分子复合材料molecularcomposite原位复合材料insitucomposite有机无机杂化材料organicinorganichybridmaterial混杂复合材料hybridcomposite橡胶rubber高弹体elastomer又称“弹性体”。合成橡胶syntheticrubber饱和橡胶saturatedrubber不饱和橡胶unsaturatedrubber氢化橡胶hydrogenatedrubber集成橡胶integratedrubber异戊橡胶isoprenerubber苯乙烯异戊二烯丁二烯橡胶styreneisoprenebutadienerubber(SIBR)三元乙丙橡胶ethylenepropyleneterpolymer,EPT,ethylenepropylenedienemonomer,EPDM又称“乙丙三元橡胶”。二元乙丙橡胶ethylenepropylenerubber,EPR,ethylenepropylenecopolymer,ethylenepropylenemonomer,EPM又称“乙丙二元橡胶”。丁腈橡胶butadieneacrylonitrilerubber,nitrilerubber氢化丁腈橡胶hydrogenatedbutadieneacrylonitrilerubber羧基丁腈橡胶carboxyterminatednitrilerubber顺丁橡胶cis,polybutadienerubber丁基橡胶butylrubber卤化丁基橡胶halogenatedbutylrubber丁苯橡胶styrenebutadienerubber,SBR溶聚丁苯橡胶solutionpolymerizedbutadienestyrenerubber(SSBR)乳聚丁苯橡胶emulsionpolymerizedbutadienestyrenerubber(ESBR)氯丁橡胶chloroprenerubber氯化聚乙烯chlorinatedpolyethylene(CPE)氯磺化聚乙烯chlorosulfonatedpolyethylene聚硫橡胶polysulfiderubber丁吡橡胶pyridinebutadienerubber氟橡胶fluororubber,fluoroelastomer氟硅橡胶fluorosiliconerubber氟醚橡胶fluoroetherrubber三嗪氟橡胶fluorinatedtriazinerubber亚硝基氟橡胶nitrosofluororubber硅橡胶siliconrubber二甲基硅橡胶dimethylsiliconerubber甲基乙烯基硅橡胶methylvinylsiliconerubber室温硫化硅橡胶roomtemperaturevulcanizedsiliconerubber丙烯酸酯橡胶acrylaterubber聚氨酯橡胶polyurethanerubber氯醚橡胶epichlorohydrinrubber硫化橡胶vulcanizedrubber,vulcanizate粉末橡胶powderedrubber液体橡胶liquidrubber热塑性弹性体thermoplasticelastomer苯乙烯丁二烯苯乙烯嵌段共聚物styrenebutadienestyreneblockcopolymer(SBS)苯乙烯丁二烯苯乙烯嵌段共聚物styreneisoprenestyreneblockcopolymer(SIS)挠性聚合物flexomer橡胶改性塑料rubbermodifiedplastics,rubberresinblends纤维fiber天然纤维naturalfiber初生纤维asformedfiber原纤fibril半合成纤维semisyntheticfiber合成纤维syntheticfiber化学纤维chemicalfiber单组分纤维homofiber异质复合纤维heterofiber粘胶纤维viscosefiber聚酰胺纤维polyamidefiber又称“锦纶”、“尼龙”。聚芳酰胺纤维aramidfiber又称“芳纶”“芳香尼龙”。聚酯纤维polyesterfiber又称“涤纶”。聚丙烯腈纤维acrylicfiber又称“腈纶”。聚丙烯纤维polypropylenefiber又称“丙纶”。聚乙烯醇纤维polyvinylalcoholfiber聚乙烯醇缩甲醛纤维formalizedPVAfiber又称“维尼纶”。聚氯乙烯纤维polyvinylchloridefiber又称“氯纶”。聚氨酯弹性纤维polyurethaneelasticfiber又称“氨纶”。碳纤维carbonfiber活性碳纤维activecarbonfiber碳化硼纤维boroncarbidefiber碳纳米管carbonnanotube全纤维素hollocellulose组合纤维conjugatefiber改性纤维differentialfiber俗称“差别纤维”。纳米纤维nanofiber功能纤维functionalfiber光导纤维photoconductivefiber激光光纤laserfiber粘合剂adhesive又称“胶粘剂”。热熔胶meltadhesive反应性热熔胶reactiveheatmeltingadhesive厌氧黏合剂anaerobicadhesive压敏型黏合剂pressuresensitiveadhesive涂料coating功能涂料functionalcoating油漆paint聚合与高分子化学反应单体monomer官能度functionality平均官能度averagefunctionality双官能[基]单体bifunctionalmonomer三官能[基]单体trifunctionalmonomer乙烯基单体vinylmonomer,亚乙烯基单体偏[二]取代乙烯单体vinylidenemonomer,亚乙烯基单体,二取代乙烯单体vinylenemonomer双烯单体二烯单体dienemonomer极性单体polarmonomer非极性单体nonpolarmonomer共轭单体conjugatedmonomer非共轭单体nonconjugatedmonomer活化单体activatedmonomer官能单体functionalmonomer大分子单体macromer,macromonomer环状单体cyclicmonomer共聚单体comonomer聚合[反应]polymerization均聚反应homopolymerization低聚反应齐聚反应(曾用名)oligomerization调聚反应telomerization自发聚合spontaneouspolymerization预聚合prepolymeriz

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