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英语作文.doc

英语作文.doc

qingpingguo8390 2012-07-02 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《英语作文doc》,可适用于初中教育领域,主题内容包含中考作文常用词汇中考专项及总复习范文词组句子…butforme,…abovealladjenough adjerthanbefore affordt符等。

中考作文常用词汇中考专项及总复习范文词组句子…butforme,…abovealladjenough adjerthanbefore affordthetimeorthemoneytoafterall agreewithsb allinall applyfor asaresult aseveryoneknows aspossibleaswecan aswellas atpropertime atthemoment beagoodchanceforsbtodosth beagreathelp beakindofexercise beabletodosth beafraidofn bebusydoingsth begoodforsb beharmfultosth beinterestedindoingsth bequitefitforsth bereadyforhelp bethebesttimetodosth betreatedas bewillingtodosth beworthdoing breaktherules bringalotoftroubleto… bydoing… byothermeans cheersbup cooperate(合作)withothers dependtoomuchonsth describesomeonetosomeone developone'smind dosomewhataffectsb dowellin Don'tforgettodosth enrichoneself failtodosth fightagainstsomedifficulties finditadj fitinatotallydifferentculture forexample getintouchwithsb getsomethingready getthesamefate(命运)assth getthesupportfrom… gettogether giveaspeechon… giveothersahand giveupdoingsth hadbetterdosth haveahearttohearttalkwith… haveanewwaytodisth havemorechoiceslike… holdadiscussionon… Ihopethat… Istillremember… Ithinkthat… I'mgladtolearnthat… I'mhappytodosth improveone'sskillsofcollectinginformation inaword inadditionto inorderto inthefollowingdays inthehopethat… insteadof Italsohelpstodosth It'sapitythat… It'sanhonorforsbtodosth it'shightimeforustodosth It'soneoftheadjestnsprep It'sone'sdutytodosth joinsbindoingsth keepintouchwithsb leadsbto learnfrom… learnhowtodosth littlebylittle lookforwardtodoingsth makearealdifferenceto… makegreatprogressinsth managetodosth Meanwhile,… minddoingsth needlesstosay neither…nor… nomatterhow notonly…butalso… not…but… oneofmyfavouritenis… payattentionto paysbback  personallyspeaking  practisewithsb putlovetogoodusebydoingsth recommendsthtosb regard…as  Sbebeyonddescription searchforinformation  shareallourhappinessandtears  sharemyeffectivestudymethodswiththem  sharethesimilarinterestswithsb  showoff showone'sinterestinsth solvetheproblemofsth someunforgettableexperiences suchas  takegoodcareofsth  thankyoufordoingsth thankstosth  The比较级,the比较级  there'redifferencewaystodosth  think…overagain  toone'ssurprise  too…to  usedtodosth what'smore  wheneverpossible whether…ornot  widenone'seyes withone'shelp  withoutanychancestodosth  wouldliketodosth  You'dbetterkeepthenicedreaminyourmind  Ihopeallthesocietycometorealizethe      importanceofthisandofferthemmoreopportunities  I'mverythankfulforallthathehasdoneforme Quarrellingissuretobeofnouse Wherethereisawillthereisaway  Whydon'tyouhaveatry Luckily,Irealizedthisandchangesintime  makeadifferenceto  英语中的近义词辨析clothes,cloth,clothing clothes统指各种衣服谓语动词永远是复数cloth指布为不可数名词clothing服装的总称指一件衣服apieceof,anarticleofincident,accident incident指小事件,accident指不幸的事故Hewaskilledintheaccidentamount,number amount后接不可数名词number后接可数名词anumberofstudentsfamily,house,home home家包括住处和家人house房子住宅family家庭成员Myfamilyisahappyonesound,voice,noise sound自然界各种各样的声音voice人的嗓音noise噪音Ihatetheloudnoiseoutsidephoto,picture,drawing photo用照相机拍的照片picture指相片图片电影片drawing画的画Let'sgoandseeagoodpicturevocabulary,word vocabulary词汇一个人拥有的单词量word具体的单词Hehasalargevocabularypopulation,people population人口人数people具体的人Chinahasalargepopulationweather,climate weather一天内具体的天气状况climate长期的气候状况Theclimatehereisnotgoodforyouroad,street,path,way  road具体的公路马路street街道path小路小径way道路途径  takethisroadinthestreet,showmethewaytothemuseumcourse,subject  course课程(可包括多门科目)subject科目(具体的学科)asummercoursecustom,habit  custom传统风俗习俗也可指生活习惯后接todohabit生活习惯习惯成自然后接ofdoingI'vegotthehabitofdrinkingalotcause,reason  cause指造成某一事实或现象的直接原因后接ofsthdoingsthreason用来解释某种现象或结果的理由后接forsthdoingsththereasonforbeinglateexercise,exercises,practice  exercise运动锻炼(不可数)exercises练习(可数)practice(反复做的)练习Practicemakesperfectclass,lesson  作"课"解时,两者可以替换指课文用lesson指班级或全体学生用classlessonclassspeech,talk,lecture  speech指在公共场所所做的经过准备的较正式的演说talk日常生活中的一般的谈话讲话lecture学术性的演讲讲课aseriesoflectureon…officer,official  officer部队的军官official政府官员anarmyofficerwork,job  二者均指工作。work不可数job可数agoodjobcouple,pair  couple主要指人或动物pair多指由两部分组成的东西apairoftrouserscountry,nation,state,land   country侧重指版图疆域nation指人民国民民族state侧重指政府政体land国土国家Thewholenationwassadatthenewscook,cooker  cook厨师cooker厨具Heisagoodcookdamage,damages  damage不可数名词,损害损失damages复数形式,赔偿金damagespolice,policeman  police警察的总称后接复数谓语动词policeman指某个具体的警察Thepolicearequestioningeveryoneinthehouseproblem,question  problem常和困难连系前面的动词常为thinkabout,solve,raisequestion常和疑问连系多和ask,answer连用man,aman  man人类aman一个男人Manwillconquernaturechick,chicken  二者均可指小鸡chicken还可以当鸡肉Thechickenisdelicioustelegram,telegraph  当电报解时telegram指具体的telegraph指抽象的atelegram,bytelegraphtrip,journey,travel,voyage  travel是最常用的trip指短期的旅途journey指稍长的旅途voyage指海上航行athreedaytripsport,game  sport多指户外的游戏或娱乐活动如打球游泳打猎赛马等game指决定胜负的游戏通常有一套规则Hisfavoritesportisswimmingprice,prize  price价格prize奖奖品奖金winthefirstprizeThepriceishighlowanumberof,thenumberof  anumberof许多谓语动词用复数。thenumberof…的数目谓语动词用单数。Thenumberofstudentsisincreasinginfrontof,inthefrontof  infrontof范围外的前面inthefrontof范围内的前面Inthefrontoftheroomsitsaboyoftheday,ofaday  oftheday每一天的当时的当代的ofaday暂时的不长久的afamousscientistofthedaythreeofus,thethreeofus  threeofus我们(不止三个)中的三个thethreeofus我们三个(就三个人)ThethreeofusTom,JackandIwenttothecinemabybus,onthebus bybus表手段方式不用冠词onthebus表范围Theywenttherebybusforamoment,forthemoment  foramoment片刻一会儿forthemoment暂时一时Thinkingforamoment,heagreednextyear,thenextyear  nextyear将来时间状语thenextyear过去将来时间状语Hesaidhewouldgoabroadthenextyearmorethanayear,morethanoneyear  morethanayear一年多morethanoneyear超过一年(两年或三年等)takeadvice,takethe(one's)advice  takeadvice征求意见taketheadvice接受忠告Herefusedtotaketheadviceandfailedagaintakeair,taketheair  takeair传播走漏taketheair到户外去散步Wetaketheaireverydayinaword,inwords  inaword总之一句话inwords口头上Inaword,youarerightinplaceof,intheplaceof  inplaceof代替intheplaceof在…地方Anewbuildingisbuiltintheplaceoftheoldoneinsecret,inthesecret  insecret秘密地暗自地偷偷地一般用作状语inthesecret知道内情知道秘密一般用作表语Mymotherwasinthesecretfromthebeginningagirl,onegirl  agirl可泛指所有女孩,onegirl一个女孩Canonegirlcarrysuchabigboxtakeachair,takethechair  takeachair相当于sitdown坐下takethechair开始开会gotosea,bysea,bythesea  gotosea当海员出航bysea乘船由海路bythesea在海边gobyseathedoctorandteacher,thedoctorandtheteacher  thedoctorandteacher指一个人既是医生又是老师thedoctorandtheteacher两个人一个医生和一个老师thedoctorandteacherisinoffice,intheoffice  inoffice在职的intheoffice在办公室里Heisinoffice,notoutofofficeinbed,onthebed  inbed卧在床上onthebed在床上ThebookisonthebedHeisillinbedinchargeof,inthechargeof  inchargeof管理负责照料inthechargeof由……照料HeisinchargeofthematterThematterisinthechargeofherinclass,intheclass  inclass在课上intheclass在班级里Heisthebeststudentintheclassonfire,onthefire  onfire着火,onthefire在火上PutthefoodonthefireThehouseisonfireoutofquestion,outofthequestion  outofquestion毫无疑问的outofthequestion不可能的asecond,thesecond   asecond又一再一thesecond第……Hewonthesecondprizebyday,bytheday  byday白天bytheday按天计算Theworkersarepaidbythedaythepeople,apeople  thepeople指人apeople指民族TheChineseisapeacelovingpeopleit,one  it同一物体one同类不同一IlostmypenIhavetobuyanewonethat,this  that指代上文所提到的this导出下文所要说的IwasillThat'swhy…none,nothing,noone  none强调有多少nothing,noone强调有没有nothing指物noone指人  Howmany…Howmuch…Noneanyone,anyone  anyone指人不能接ofanyone指人物均可可接ofanyoneofyouwho,what  who指姓名或关系what指职业或地位WhatisyourdadHeisateacherwhat,which  what的选择基础是无限制的which在一定范围内进行选择Whichdoyouprefer,bananasorapplesother,another  other后接名词复数another后接名词单数otherstudents,anotherstudentnotalittle,notabit  notalittle非常notabit一点也不I'mnotabittired我一点儿也不累。many,much,alotof  many和可数名词连用much和不可数名词连用alotof可数不可数均可但不用于否定句Ihaven'tmanybooksmuchmore…than,manymore…than  muchmore…than后接形容词或不可数名词manymore…than后接可数名词manymorepeople,muchmorewater,muchmorebeautifulno,not  no=notaanynofriend=notaanyfriendnowater=notanywaternomorethan,notmorethan  nomorethan相当于only仅仅只有notmorethan至多不超过majority,most  majority只能修饰可数名词most可数不可数均可themajorityofpeoplebyoneself,foroneself,tooneself,ofoneself  byoneself单独的独自的foroneself为自己tooneself供自己用的ofoneself自行的自动的Thedooropenedofitselfatall,afterall  atall根本全然,afterall到底毕竟Afterallheisachildtall,high  tall常指人或动物high常指物体Heistallfast,quickly  fast侧重于指人或物体具有运动速度快的特点quickly侧重指某事完成或发生的快runfast,answerthequestionquicklyhigh,highly  high具体的高highly抽象的高高度的thinkhighlyofhealthy,healthful  healthy健康的健壮的healthful有益于健康的healthfulexercisesleeping,asleep,sleepy  sleeping正在睡觉asleep睡着熟睡只能做表语sleepy困的有睡意的asleepingbabyThebabyisasleepI'msleepygold,golden  gold指真金制品golden指金色的但金鱼用goldfishagoldringmost,mostly  most用于表感受的肯定句中相当于very当大部分大多数解时是形容词或名词mostly大部分,是副词mostpeople,thepeoplearemostly…just,very  just表强调时是副词作状语very表强调时是形容词用作定语theveryman,justthemanwide,broad  wide侧重于一边到另一边的距离broad侧重于幅面的宽广broadshouldersreal,true  real真的真实的指的是事实上存在而不是想象的true真的真正的指的是事实和实际情况相符合realgold,atruestoryrespectful,respectable  respectful尊敬有礼貌respectable可敬的值得尊敬的berespectfultotheagedoutwards,outward  二者均可用作副词表示向外外面outward还可用作形容词anoutwardvoyagepleasant,pleased,pleasing  pleasant常用作定语pleased,pleasing常用作表语pleased主语常为人pleasing主语常为物apleasanttripThetripispleasingunderstanding,understandable  understanding明白事理的能体谅的understandable可理解的能够懂的anunderstandinggirl,anunderstandablemistakeclose,closely  close接近靠近closely紧紧地紧密地closelyconnected,standcloseill,sick  ill做表语sick定表均可asickboygood,well  good形容词well副词但指身体状况是形容词Heiswellagainquiet,silent,still  quiet安静的可以发出小的声音silent不发出声音但可以动still完全不动完全无声响Hestandtherestill他站在那儿一动不动也不说话。 hard,hardly   hard努力hardly几乎不workhardIcanhardlybelieveit able,capable   able与不定式todo连用capable与of连用Heiscapableofdoing… almost,nearly   二者均为"几乎,差不多"和否定词连用用almost,almostnobody late,lately   late迟晚lately最近近来Ihaven'tseenhimlately living,alive,live,lively   living,alive,live均为活着的living定表均可alive定表均可定语后置live只能做定语lively意为活波的allthelivingpeople=allthepeoplealive excited,exciting   excited使人兴奋的exciting令人兴奋的I'mexcitedThenewsisexciting deep,deeply   deep具体的深deeply抽象的深深深地deeplymoved,digdeep aloud,loud   aloud出声地loud大声地readaloud(出声地读) worth,worthy   二者均为值得worth后接doingworthy后接tobedone,ofbeingdone   Itisworthvisiting=It'sworthytobevisited=It'sworthyofbeingvisited bad,badly   bad形容词badly副词不好但与need,want,require连用为"很非常"gobadIneedthebookbadlybeforelong,longbefore   beforelong不久以后longbefore很久以前notlongbefore=beforelongquite,rather   quite完全地相当于completely,rather修饰比较级quiteimpossiblehappy,glad    happy高兴幸福定表均可glad高兴只能做表语ahappygirlinstead,insteadof   instead是副词放在句首或句末insteadof是介词短语放在句中Hedidn'tseeafilmInsteadhewatchedTVHewatchedTVinsteadofseeingafilmtoomuch,muchtoo   toomuch后接不可数名词muchtoo后接形容词muchtooheavybeaboutto,begoingto,betodo   beaboutto表最近的将来后面不接时间状语begoingto侧重打算想法betodo侧重意志计划安排I'mtomeethim(含双方事先约好的意思)raise,rise   raise及物动词rise不及物动词Thesunrisesintheeastbring,take,carry,fetch   bring拿来take带走carry随身携带fetch去回这一往返动作fetchaboxofchalkspend,take,pay,cost   spend人做主语花钱花时间spend…onsthindoingsthtake物做主语花时间pay人做主语花钱payforcost物做主语花钱 join,joinin,takepartin    join加入某个组织并成为其中的一员joinin参加小型的活动,joinsbintakepartin参加大型的活动Hejoinedthearmyfiveyearsago learn,study    learn学习侧重学习的结果study学习侧重学习的过程研究studytheproblem want,hope,wish    want打算想要wanttodo,wantsbtodo,hope希望(通常可以实现)hopetodohopethat…wish希望(通常不能实现)wish(sb)todo,wishsbsthnIwishyousuccess discover,invent,findout    discover发现本来存在但不为人所知的东西invent发明本来不存在的物体findout发现查明Atlasthefoundoutthetruth answer,reply    answer及物动词reply不及物动词后接toreplytotheletter leave,leavefor    leave离开leavefor前往HeleftBeijingforShanghai rob,steal    rob抢劫robsbofsthsteal偷stealsthfromsb shoot,shootat    shoot射死shootat瞄准但不一定射中Heshotthebirdanditdied drop,fall    drop及物不及物均可fall不及物动词PricesfelldroppedHedroppedhisvoice search,searchfor    search后接地点searchfor后接东西Hesearchedhispocketformoney usedto,beusedto    usedto过去常常beusedto习惯于后接sthdoingsth被用来后接dosthHeisusedtogettingupearly win,lose,beat    win后接sth反义词为lose,beat后接sbwinthegame,beatthem liveon,liveby    liveon以…为主食liveby靠…谋生liveonfishlivebyfishing beat,hit,strike    beat连续性地击打hit打中对准打strike打一下或若干下beatthewings meet,meetwith    meet遇到meetwith体验到遭遇到meetwithanaccident lose,miss    lose失去(具体的物体)错过sthislost,losethechancemiss想念错过sthismissing,missthechance betiredof,betiredwithfrom    betiredof厌烦…betiredwithfrom因为…而累了betiredwithfromrunningmeters careabout,carefor    careabout关心计较在乎一般多用于否定句中carefor关心照料喜欢愿意Hedoesn'tcareabouthisclothesIdon'tcareformovies catchacold,haveacold    catchacold不能和表示"一段时间"的状语连用而haveacold可以Shehashadacoldforaweek changefor,changeinto    changefor调换成changeinto变成ChangetheshirtforabiggeroneWaterchangesintoice continue,last    二者均为持续continue主动被动均可last只能用主动ThewarcontinuedlastedfiveyearsThestoryistobecontinued feed,raise    feed喂养养活饲养(togivefoodto)raise饲养养育(causetogrow,bringupchildren)raisethefamily goforadoctor,gotoadoctor    goforadoctor去请医生gotoadoctor去看病 notice,observe,catchsightof    notice注意到observe观察仔细地看catchsightof突然看到observethestars insiston,stickto    insiston坚持要求后常接doing,stickto坚持,后常接sthsticktotheplan look,seem,appear   look指从外表上看seem指内心的判断appear指给人以表面的印象appearwise,looklikehisfather gather,collect    gather把分散的东西集中到一起collect指精心地、有选择地进行收集collectstamps meantodo,meandoing    meantodo打算想要做某事meandoing意思是意味着BythisImeangivingthestudentsmorepracticediefrom,dieof    diefrom表示死于(枪)伤虚弱过度劳累饮食过度等dieof表示死于疾病饥饿寒冷年老忧愁失恋等精神因素dieofhungerandcold payfor,payback,payoff    payfor为…付钱payback还钱但不一定还清payoff还清payforthebook,payoffthedebt divide,separate    divide把一个整体分成几部分separate把连在一起的个体分开dividetheapple,separatethehouses arrive,get,reach    arrive不及物动词后接in(大地点)at(小地点)get不及物动词后接toreach及物动词arriveinBeijing,gettoBeijing,reachBeijing grow,plant    grow使某种植物在某地生长着或使其发展下去plant移植移栽已经长成秧苗的植物plantthetrees,treesaregrowingmanage,try   managetodo设法做成了某事trytodo尽力去做某事但不一定成功Hetriedtopasstheexam,buthefailedchoose,select   choose凭个人的判断力进行选择select有目的地仔细认真地选择choosethebestanswerbuild,putup,setup,found   build一般用语建成putup临时搭建setup建成(内部的设施基本齐全)found国家或组织的建成putupatent,setupaschoolbefamiliarto,befamiliarwith    befamiliarto某物对某人来说是熟悉的befamiliarwith某人熟悉某物ThebookisfamiliartomeI'mfamiliarwiththebookagreewith,agreeto,agreeon   agreewith同意某人agreeto同意某事agreeon在…上达成一致意见主语是复数agreewithyou,agreetotheplanthrowto,throwat   throwto扔到…,throwat朝…扔Hethrowastoneatmereceive,accept   receive收到某一东西但不一定接受accept接受Ireceivedagift,butIdidn'tacceptitwear,puton,dress   wear和dress表状态,wear接衣服等,可用进行时dress接人,bedressedin,puton表动作It'scoldoutsidePutonyourwarmclotheslisten,hear   listen强调动作hear强调结果Ilistened,butIheardnothing  主谓一致谓语受主语支配须和主语在人称和数上保持一致这叫做主谓一致。主谓一致一般遵循三条原则:语法一致原则意义一致原则和就近一致原则。      语法一致的原则并列主语如果指的是同一人、同一物或同一概念谓语动词用单数这时and后面的名词前没有冠词。ThesecretaryofthePartybranchanddirectorofthatfactoryoftenworkswiththeworkers 成对的名词如breadandbutter涂黄油的面包sodaandwater汽水coffeeandmilk加牛奶的咖啡aimandend目的saltandwater盐开水等虽然有and连接但仍表单一概念作主语时谓语用单数。AknifeandforkisonthetableBreadandbutterismyfavouritebreakfastand连接的并列单数主语的前面分别有each,every或no修饰时其谓语用单数形式。NostudentandnoteacherisinvitedtothepartyInourcountryeveryboyandeverygirlhasrighttoreceiveeducation 由each,some,any,no,every构成的复合代词作主语时谓语动词都用单数:IseverybodyreadySomebodyisusingthephone 主语是单数其后跟有togetherwith,alongwith(与……一道)aswellas(和也)nolessthan(和……一样)ratherthan(而不)以及with,not,like,but,except,besides,including等引起的短语时谓语动词一般用单数形式。HeaswellashissisterisaLeaguemember  主语是一些只有复数形式的名词如clothes,trousers,glasses,compasses,scissors,shoes,socks,gloves等时谓语用复数。但这类表示成双的东西的名词前有apairof修饰时谓语用单数。 means,sheep,deer等单复数同形应视具体情况而定。AllpossiblemeanshavebeentriedEverypossiblemean

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