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七年级英语知识点.doc

七年级英语知识点

___寻觅 2012-07-02 评分 0 浏览量 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《七年级英语知识点doc》,可适用于初中教育领域,主题内容包含UnitWhere’syourpenpalfrom一.短语:.befrom=comefrom来自于.livein居住在.atonweekends在周符等。

UnitWhere’syourpenpalfrom一.短语:.befrom=comefrom来自于.livein居住在.atonweekends在周末onweekdays.writetosb=writealettertosb给某人写信写信给某人hearfromsb=getaletterfromsb.intheworld在世界上inChina在中国.penpal=penfriend笔友yearsold岁favoritesubject最喜欢的科目.theUnitedStates美国theUnitedKingdom英国NewYork纽约.speakEnglish讲英语likeanddislike爱憎.gotothemovies去看电影playsports做运动二.重点句式:Where’syourpenpalfrom=WheredoesyourpenpalfromWheredoesheliveWhatlanguage(s)doeshespeakIwantapenpalinChinaIcanspeakEnglishandalittleFrenchPleasewriteandtellmeaboutyourselfCanyouwritetomesoonIlikegoingtothemovieswithmyfriendsandplayingsports三.本单元的国家人民、语言对应。CanadaCanadianEnglishFrenchFranceFrenchFrenchJapanJapaneseJapaneseAustraliaAustralianEnglishtheUnitedStatesAmericanEnglishtheUnitedKingdomBritishEnghishUnitWhere’sthepostoffice一.Askingways:(问路).Whereis(thenearest)……?(最近的)……在哪里?.Canyoutellmethewayto……?你能告诉我去……的路吗?.HowcanIgetto……?我怎样到达……呢?.Isthere……nearhereintheneighborhood附近有……吗?.Whichisthewayto……?哪条是去……的路?二.Showingtheways:(指路)Gostraightdownalongthisstreet沿着这条街一直走。Turnleftatthesecondturningcorner在第二个路口向左转。Youwillfinditonyourright你会在你右手边发现它。Itisaboutonehundredmetresfromhere离这里大约一百米远。You’dbettertakeabus你最好坐公交车去。(You’dbetter动词原形)三.词组acrossfrom……在……的对面acrossfromthebank在银行的对面nextto……紧靠……nexttothesupermarket紧靠超市between……and……在……和……之间betweentheparkandthezoo在公园和动物园之间among表示位于三者或三者以上之间infrontof……在……前面Thereisatreeinfrontoftheclassroom课室前面有棵树。inthefrontof……在……(内)的前部Thereisadeskinthefrontoftheclassroom课室内的前部有张桌子。behind……在……后面behindmyhouse在我家后面turnleftright向左右拐ontheleftrightof……在某物的左右边ontheleftofourschool在我们学校的左边onone’sleftright在某人的左右边onmyleft在我左边gostraight一直走downalong……沿着……(街道)downalongCenterStreet沿着中央街intheneighborhood=nearhere在附近welcometo……欢迎来到……takehaveawalk散步thebeginningof…………的开始,前端atthebeginningof……在……的开始,前端inthebeginning起初一开始havefun=haveagoodtime=enjoyoneself玩得开心过得愉快我昨天玩得很开心。IhadfunyesterdayIhadagoodtimeyesterdayIenjoyedmyselfyesterdayhaveagoodtrip旅途愉快takeataxi坐出租车到达:getto地方getheretherehome到这那家arrivein大地方IarriveinBeijingarriveat小地方Iarriveatthebankreach地方.goacross从物体表面横过goacrossthestreet横过马路gothrough从空间穿过gothroughtheforest穿过树林.on街道的名称。Eg:onCenterStreetat具体门牌号街道的名称Eg:atCenterStreet三.重难点解析.enjoydoingsth享受做某事的乐趣喜爱做某事Ienjoyreading我喜爱读书。到目前为止我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy都是要带doingIfinishcleaningtheroom我扫完了这间屋子。.hopetodosth希望做某事Ihopetopassthisexam我希望通过这次考试。hope从句Ihopetomorrowwillbefine我希望明天将会晴朗。(从句即是一个小句子这个小句子又放在大句子中从属于大句子所以叫从句。如tomorrowwillbefine是一个从句它又放在Ihope的后面形成句中有句。)if引导一个表示假设的句子。IfIhavemuchmoney,Iwillgotothemoon如果我有许多钱我就会去月球。Ifyouarehungry,youcanbuysomefoodinthesupermarket如果你饿了的话你可以在超市买一些食物。四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对newoldquietbusydirtycleanbigsmallUnitWhydoyoulikekoalabears一.重点词组eatgrasseatleavesbequietveryshyverysmartverycuteplaywithherfriendskindofSouthAfricaotheranimalsatnightinthedayeverydayduringtheday二交际用语WhydoyoulikepandasBecausethey’reverycleverWhydoeshelikekoalasBecausethey’rekindofinterestingWherearelionsfromTheyarefromSouthAfricaWhatotheranimalsdoyoulikeIlikedogs,tooWhyBecausethey’refriendlyandcleverMollylikestoplaywithherfriendsandeatgrassShe’sveryshyHeisfromAustralia.Hesleepsduringtheday,butatnighthegetsupandeatsleaves.Heusuallysleepsandrelaxeshourseveryday.Let’sseethepandasfirst.They’rekindofinteresting.Whatotheranimalsdoyoulike.Whydoyouwanttoseethelions三重点难点释义、kindof有点稍微Koalabearsarekindofshy考拉有点害羞。kind还有“种类”的意思如:各种各样的allkindsofWehaveallkindsofbeautifulflowersinourschool、Chinan中国African非洲China和Africa都是专有名词首字母都应该大写而且和介词in连用。TherearemanykindsoftigersinChinaTherearemanykindsofscaryanimalsinAfrica、friendlyadj友好的和蔼可亲的它是名词friend的形容词形式常常和be动词连用,befriendly。ThepeopleinChengduareveryfriendly、withprep跟同和…在一起Iusuallyplaychesswithmyfather注意区别与and的用法and通常用于连接主语或宾语连接主语时如果有I,I通常放在and之后如:MyfatherandIusuallyplaychesstogetherPlaywith“和…一起玩耍”“玩…”IoftenplaywithmypetdogDon’tplaywithwater!、day和night是一对反义词day表示白天或一天night表示夜或夜晚。通常说intheday,duringtheday,atnight。Koalabearsoftensleepduringthedayandeatleavesatnight、leafn叶子复数形式为:leaves,类似的变化还有:wifewives,wolfwolves,knifeknives等。、hourn小时点钟hour前边通常加上冠词an表示“一个小时”即:anhour。Therearehoursinadayandminutesinanhour、befrom来自…befrom=comefromPandasarefromChina=PandascomeformChina、meatn(食用的)肉为不可数名词表示“许多”时使用much来修饰即:muchmeatHeeatsmuchmeateveryday、grassn草为不可数名词表示“许多”时使用much来修饰即:muchgrass。Thereismuchgrassontheplayground四语法知识特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“howold”、“howmany”等开头对某一具体问题进行提问。特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:疑问句一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:What’syourgrandfather’stelephonenumber你爷爷的电话号码是多少?Whoisthatboywithbigeyes那个大眼睛的男孩是谁?Whichseasondoyoulikebest你最喜欢哪个季节?Whenishegoingtoplaythepiano他什么时候弹钢琴?Wheredoeshelive他住在哪儿?Howareyou你好吗?Howoldareyou你多大了?Howmanybrothersandsistersdoyouhave你有几个兄弟姐妹?疑问句陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:Whoisondutytoday今天谁值日?Whichmanisyourteacher哪位男士是你的老师?我们学过的WhatHowabout名词代词其他?也是特殊疑问句它是一种省略结构。例如:IlikeEnglishWhatHowaboutyou我喜欢英语。你呢?Whataboutplayingbasketball打篮球怎么样?UnitIwanttobeanactor一.短语:wanttodosth想要作某事givesbsth=givesthtosb给某人某物把某物给某人helpsbdosth帮助某人作某事Eg:Iwanttohelpmymotherdosomehouseworkathomehelpsbwithsth帮助某人谋事Eg:Iwanttohelpmymotherwithsomehouseworkathomeintheday在白天atnight在晚上talkwithtosb和谈话bebusydoingsth忙于做某事Eg:Heisbusylisteningtotheteacherinahospital在医院lworkstudyhard努力工作EveningNewspaper晚报二.重点句式及注意事项:询问职业的特殊疑问词是what有三种主要句式WhatisaresbWhatdoesdosbdoWhatisare名词所有格形容词性物主代词jobPeoplegivemetheirmoneyorgettheirmoneyfrommeSometimesIworkinthedayandsometimesatnightIliketalkingtopeopleIworklateI’mverybusywhenpeoplegoouttodinnersWheredoesyoursisterworkthenwehaveajobforyouasawaiterDoyouwanttoworkforamagazineThencomeandworkforusasareporterDoyouliketoworkeveningsandweekendsWeareaninternationalschoolforchildrenof三.本单元中的名词复数。policemanpolicemenwomandoctorwomendoctorsthiefthievesUnitI’mwatchingTV一.现在进行时Ⅰ现在进行时的用法表示现在(说话瞬间)正在进行或发生的动作Ⅱ现在进行时时间状语及标志性词now现在atthistime在这时atthemoment现在look看(后面有明显的“!”)listen听(后面有明显的“!”)Ⅲ现在分词的构成一般在动词结尾处加ingEg:gogoinglooklooking以不发音字母e结尾的动词去e加ing。Eg:writewritingcloseclosing以重读闭音节结尾的动词如果末尾只有一个辅音字母应先双写这个字母再加ingEg:getgettingrunrunning(swim,run,put,get,sit,begin)Ⅳ现在进行时的构成肯定句:主语amisaredoing其他时状Eg:Heisdoinghishomeworknow否定句:主语amisarenotdoing其他时状Eg:Heisnotdoinghishomeworknow一般疑问句:AmIsAre主语doing其他时状?Eg:Ishedoinghishomeworknow肯定回答:Yes,主语amisareEgYes,heis否定回答:No,主语amnotisn’taren’tEg:No,heisn’t二.短语:.doone’shomework做某人的作业dohousework做家务.talkonthephone在电话里交谈讲电话talkabout……谈论……talkto(with)sb和某人交谈.writealetter写信writealettertosb给某人写信.playwith……和……一起玩.watchTV看电视TVshow电视节目.waitforsbsth等待某人某物.someof…………中的一些.inthefirstphoto在第一张照片里(介词用in,序数词前面有the)inthelastphoto在最后一张照片里aphotoofone’sfamily某人的家庭照片.atthemall在购物街atinthelibrary在图书室atinthepool在游泳池.readabook=readbooks=dosomereading看书\阅读.thanksfor=thankyoufor为某事而感谢(后接动词要用v-ing)三.重点句式及注意事项:.他正在干什么?Whatishedoing他正在吃饭。Heiseatingdinner他正在哪里吃饭?Whereisheeatingdinner他正在家里吃饭。Heiseatingdinnerathome.你想什么时候去?Whendoyouwanttogo让我们六点钟去吧。Let’sgoatsixo’clock.他正在等什么?Whatishewaitingfor他正在等公交车。Heiswaitingforabus.他们正在和谁说话?Whoaretheytalkingwith他们正在和MissWu说话。TheyaretalkingwithMissWu.你们正在谈论什么?Whatareyoutalkingabout我们正在谈论天气。Wearetalkingabouttheweather.他们都正在去上学。Theyareallgoingtoschool.这儿是一些我的照片。Herearesomeofmyphotos这儿是一些肉。Hereissomeofmeat(someofmeat不可数故用is).谢谢你帮我买这本书。Thankyouforhelpingmebuythisbook.family家家庭。强调“整体”是单数强调“成员”时是复数。Hisfamilyhasashower他们家有一个淋浴。HisfamilyarewatchingTV他全家在看电视。UnitIt’sraining!一.短语:takephotospictures照像takephotospicturesofsbsth给某人或某物照相haveagoodtime\havefunhaveagreattame玩得愉快workforsbsth为某人工作Eg:YuanYuanworksforCCTV’sAroundTheWorldshowonvacation度假Eg:Therearemanypeoplehereonvacationsomeothers一些.....另外一些.....one……theothers……一个....另一个....(两者之间)Eg:TherearemanystudentsintheclassroomSomearewriting,othersarereadingputon穿上(动作)wear穿着(状态)Eg:Tomisputtingonhiscoatnowonthebeach在沙滩上Eg:Tomandhisfamilyareplayingonthebeachatthismomentthisgroupofpeople这一群人inthisheat二.重点句型.Howistheweather天气怎么样?Intheraining在下雨。.Whatareyoudoing你正在做什么?I'mwatchingTV我在看电视。.Whataretheydoing他们在做什么?Theyarestudying他们在学习。.Whatishedoing他在做什么?Heisplayingbasketball他在打篮球。.Whatisshedoing她在做什么?Sheiscooking她在做饭。三.重难点解析询问天气情况的句式:(横线内容可替换)HowistheweatherinBeijing(Howistheweathertoday)What’stheweatherlikeinBeijing(What’stheweatherliketoday)回答上面问题的句式:It’sadj(形容词)Eg:It’swindyHow’sitgoing(withyou)NotbadGreat!Terrible!PrettygoodThankyouforjoiningCCTV’sAroundTheWordshowIamsurprisedtheycanplayinthisheatEveryoneishavingagoodtimePeoplearewearinghatsandscarfswear指穿衣服的状态。puton指穿衣服的动作。四.谈论天气的日常用语It’ssunnyrainycloudy今天是晴天雨天阴天。Lovelyweather,isn’tit天气真好是吗?Itlookslikerain看起来要下雨。It’srainingcatsanddogs正是瓢泼大雨。Itseemstobecleaningup天似乎要转晴。It’sblowinghard风刮得很大。It’ssnowingheavily正在下大雪。Thesnowwon’tlastlong雪不会持续太久。It’sveryfoggy雾很大。Thefogisbeginningtolift正在收雾。It’sthunderingandlightening雷电交加。What’stheweatherliketoday今天天气怎么样?What’stheweatherreportfortomorrow天气预报明天怎么样?It’squitedifferentfromtheweatherreport这和天气预报相差很大。It’sratherchangeable天气变化无常。What’sthetemperature温度是多少?It’stwobelowzero零下二度。Thetemperaturehasdroppedalottoday今天温度低多了。UnitWhatdoeshelooklike一.短语looklike看起来像curlyshortstraightlonghair卷/短/直发mediumheightbuild中等高度/身体alittlebit一点儿…apopsinger一位流行歌手haveanewlook呈现新面貌goshopping(dosomeshopping)去购物thecaptainofthebasketballteam篮球队队长bepopularwithsb为所喜爱stoptodosth停下来去做某事stopdoingsth停止正在做的事情telljokesstories讲笑话讲故事havefundoingsth愉快地做某事remember(forget)todosth记得(忘记)做某事(没有做的)remember(forget)doingsth记得(忘记)做过某事(已做)oneof中的一个二.本单元的重点句:IsthatyourfriendNo,itisn’tWhatdoesshelooklikeIthinkIknowher(Idon’tthinkIknowher)WangLinisthecaptainofthebasketballteamShe’salittlebitquietXuQianlovestotelljokesSheneverstopstalkingShelikesreadingandplayingchessIdon’tthinkhe’ssogreatIcangoshoppingandnobodyknowsmeNowhehasanewlook三.重难点解析Whatdoesdo主语looklike询问某人的外貌特征看上去什么样?Eg:Whatdoesyourfriendlooklike形容头发时可按照先长短后曲直最后说颜色的顺序说。Eg:Shehaslongcurlyblackhaironeof名词复数谓语动词要用“单三”形式。Eg:Oneofhisfriendsisaworker不定代词做主语时谓语动词要用“单三”形式。修饰不定代词词应该放在它的后面.Eg:Icangoshoppingandnobodyknowsme.Heis…(通常为形容词包括身高、体形等)Hehas…(通常为形容词修饰的名词包括头发、五官)Hewears…(穿、戴、留。可以是衣服、帽子、鞋子等也可以是眼镜、手表、胡须).Idon’tthink…的用法表达否定的看法Idon’tthinksheisgoodlookingUnitI’dlikesomenoodles一.短语.beefandtomatonoodles\noodleswithbeefandtomato牛肉西红柿面chickenandcabbagenoodlesmuttonandpotatonoodlestomatoandeggnoodlesbeefandcarrotnoodles.wouldliketodosthwanttodosth想要作某事.whatkindofnoodles什么种类的面条.whatsizebowlofnoodles什么大小碗型的面.alarge\mediumsmallbowlofnoodles大\中\小碗的面.icecream冰淇淋orangejuice桔汁greentea绿茶RMB人民币phonenumber.HouseofDumplings\noodles饺子\面馆DessertHouse甜点屋二.重点句型.WhatkindofvegetablesmeatdrinkfoodwouldyoulikeI’dlike……I’dlikechickenandcabbagenoodlesWhatkindofnoodleswouldyoulikeI’dlikebeefnoodlesWhatkindofnoodleswouldyoulikeI’dlikechickenandcabbagenoodlesWhatsizebowlplateofnoodleswouldyoulikeI’dlikealargemediumsmallbowlmoodesWhatsizecakewouldyoulikeIwouldlikeasmallbirthdaycake三.重难点解析.wouldlike想要(表示一种委婉的语气)其用法相当于wantwouldlike名词wouldlikeanapple(wantanapple)wouldliketodosthHewouldliketoplaysoccerWouldyouliketoseethedolphinsYes,I’dliketo()would是情态动词没有人称和数的变化可与人称代词缩写为’d,与其它情态动词一样可帮助完成疑问句和否定句。(你能举出例子吗?)我想要些牛肉。I’dlikesomebeef她想去打乒乓球。Shewouldliketoplaypingpang(你能变否定句和疑问句吗?)()Wouldyoulikesth是提建议的一种句型如需用一些用some而不用any肯定回答是:Yes,pleaseAllrightYesOK其否定回答是:No,thanks.Whatkindofnoodleswouldyoulikekind在此句中作“种类”讲akindof一种allkindsof各种各样的。kindof有几分AcatisakindofanimalThereareallkindsofanimalsinthezooThecatiskindofsmart.CanIhelpyou你要买什么肯定Yes,pleaseIwouldlike……否定No,thanksUnitHowwasyourweekend一.短语play运动playsoccerplaytennisplaysportsplaythe乐器playtheguitarplaywith…和某人\物玩耍.have三餐havebreakferstlunchsupperstudyfor…cleantheroomvisitsbstayathomehaveapartytalkshow.gotothebeachgotothemoviesgoforawalkgotothemountains.goshoppingdosomeshoppinggototheshop买东西.lastweekend\overtheweekend上周末onweekends每周末.on某日+morningafternooneveninginmorningafternooneveningin年\月\季节at时刻last(next)month\yearweek.whatabout+nvingpren=howabout……呢spendt

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