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首页 雅思英语培训经典短文

雅思英语培训经典短文.doc

雅思英语培训经典短文

吴天
2012-06-30 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《雅思英语培训经典短文doc》,可适用于考试题库领域

Salt WedonotknowwhenmenfisrtbegantousesaltButwedoknowthatithasbeenusedinmanydifferentwaysthrougholdhistoryHistoricalevidentshows,forexample,thatpeoplewholivedoveryearsagoatesaltedfishThousandsofyearsagoinEgypt,saltwasusedtopreservethedeadStealingsaltwasconsideredamajorcrimeduringsomeperiodsofhistoryInthcenturyforinstance,ifapersonwasaccountstealingsalt,hecanbeputinjailHistoryrecordsthatabout,peoplewereputinjailduringthatcenturyforstealingsaltAboutyearsbefore,intheyear,takingmoresaltthanonewasallowedtowaspunishableasacrime,theoffender'searwascutoffSaltwasanimportantitemonthetableofroyaltyItwastraditionalyplacedinfrontofthekingwhenhesatdowntoeatImportantguestsattheking'stablewillsitnearthesaltLessimportantguestwillbegivenaseatfartherawayfromit Perceptions AskthreepeopletolookoutofthesamewindowatabusystreetandtellyouwhattheyseeProbably,youwillreceivethreedifferentanswersEachpersonseesthesamething,buteachperceivesomethingdifferentaboutitPerceivinggoesinourmindsAfterthreepeolewholookoutofthewindowOnemaysaythatheseesapolicemangivingadriveraticketAnothermaysaythatheseesarushhourtrafficjamatthestreetcornerThethirdmaytellyouthatheseesawomantryingtocrossthestreetwithchildrenForperception,isthemind'sinterpretation,ofwhatthesensesinthiscaseoureyestellusManypsychologiststodayareworkingtotrytoexplainjusthowapersonexperiencesorperceivestheworldaroundhimUsingascientificmethod,thepsychologistssetupexperimentsTheyaretryingtofindoutwhatmakesdifferentpeopleperceivetotallydifferentthingsaboutthesamething Balloons BalloonshavebeenusedforsportforaboutyearsTherearetwokindsofsportballoons,gasandhotairHotairballoonsaresaferthangasballoons,whichmaycatchfireHotairballoonsarepreferredbymostballoonistsintheUnitedStatesbecauseoftheirsaftyTheyarealsocheaperandeasiertomanagethangasballoonsDespitetheeaseofoperatingaballoon,pilotsmustwatchtheweathercarefullySportballoonflightsarebestearlyinthemorningorlateintheafternoonwhenthewindislateOvertheyears,balloonistshavetriedunsuccessfullytocrosstheAtlanticItwasn'tuntill,thatthreeAmericanballoonistssucceededIttookthemjustdaystomakethetrip,fromtheirhomesintheUnitedStatetoParis,FranceTheirvoyagecapturedtheimaginationofthewholeworld Youfoundajob,nowhowdoyousavemoney SavingyourhardearnedmoneycanbedifficultAsmostofusenjoyspendingratherthansavingIcertainlyhadatoughtimeholdingontomymoneyeverypaydayWhenIgotmyfirstfewpaychecks,rightawayIspendthecoldhardcashI'dearnedbyhardworkButIquicklyrealizedthatthissortofspendingwouldn'treallyhelpmegetthethingsIwantedSoImadeapactwithmyselfIpromisethatbeforeIdidanythingwiththemoney,IwoulddepositatleastofthemoneyintomysavingsaccountThatway,IelimitatedthetemptationtospendthatmoneyAfterIgotusedtosavingmymoney,itwasmucheasierformenottobetemptedtobuythingswhenIsawthemWhenIsawaCD,orvediogamethatlookedpeeling,Ilearntoaskmyself,"DoIreallyneedthis"Askingthisquestionhelpedmeappreciatemymoney,andnotletitslipoutofmywalletquitesofast Onlinehealthform Therearemanyaspectstohealth,illnessandhealingAmongalltheteachingsthere'sonethingthatisuniversaltothemallAndthatistheunquestionablebenefitachievedbycommunicatingwithothersabouthealthanditsrelatedissuesItiswiththesinglephilosophyinmindthatwehavedevelopedthissiteasaformforcommunicationDealingwithamedicalconcernisoftendifficultConnectingwithotherswhoaregoingthroughthesamethingcanmakeaworldofdifferenceOurmissionistodeveloponlinecommunitiestohelpyoumakethoseconnectionsYoucanpostquestions,comments,andrespondtomessagesfromothersWe'vegotvarioustopicsandweareaddingmoreallthetimeIfyoudon'tseethetopicsyouarelookingfor,justletusknow,andwewillconsiderourmessageboardforitWehopeyoudecidetobecomearegularparticipantandhelptomakethisagreatresultsWordsHowmenfirstlearntoinventwordsisunknown,inotherwords,theoriginoflanguageisamysteryAllwereallyknowthatismen,unlikeanimals,somehowinventedcertainsoundstoexpressthoughtsandfeelings,actionsandthings,sothattheycancommunicatewitheachotherandthatlatertheyagreeduponcertainsigns,calledletters,whichcouldberepresentthosesounds,andwhichcouldbewrittendownThosesounds,whetherspokenorwritteninletters,wecallwordsThepowerofwords,thenliesintheirassociations,thatis,thethingstheybringupbeforeourmindsWordsbecomefilledwithmeaningforusbyexperienceandthelongerwelive,themoreweremindedofthegladandsadeventsofourpastbycertainwordswereadandlearn,themorethenumberofthewordsthatmeanssomethingtousincrease(words)TeacherstudentRelationshipTherelationshipbetweenateacherandastudentcanbeeithergoodorbad,helpfulorharmfulEitherway,therelationshipcanaffectthestudentfortherestofhislifeAgoodteacherstudentrelationshipwillmaketheteacher’sjobworthwhileAbadrelationshipcandiscouragethestudentfromlearningandmaketeachinganunpleasanttaskInordertohaveagoodteacherstudentrelationship,respectbetweenteacherandstudentisveryimportantIftheteacheristoostrict,hefrightensthestudentIftheteacheristoofriendly,thestudentmaybecomelazyandstoplearninghardTheteacher’sattitudeandapproachshouldbeinbetweenthosetwoextremesAsforthestudent,hisproperrespecttotheteachermustbeshownallthetimeHeshouldbeeagertolearnandwillingtoworkhardInconclusion,agoodteacherstudentrelationshipcanbebeneficialtobothThestudentabsorbsknowledgeeagerlyandenjoyable,andtheteachergainssatisfactionfromhiswork(words)NearsightednessWeakeyesightisatermthatisgenerallyusedtorefertonearsightedeyesPeoplewhoarenearsightedcanseewellatashortrange,butanythingveryfarawayislikelytobeunclearTheterm“weakeyesight”ismisleading,forinnearsightedeyesthelensoftheeyeisactuallytoostrongThenearsightedlensissopowerfulthatitfocusesthelightcomingontotheeyesoquicklyNearsightednessiscommon,anditsgrowthmaybegradedoftentheunclearnessofdistantobjectissoslightatfirstthatapersonmaynotrecognizetheconditionNearsightednessisfrequentlydiscoveredfirstatschoolItisherethatastudentfirstrealizesthedifficultyofseeingwordsontheblackboard,whereasothersintheclasshavenotroublereadingtheblackboardatallAfterdiscovery,nearsightednesscaneasilybecorrectedYoujustneedsapairofglasseswhichcandecreasethepowerofthelensoftheeye(words)RiceCookingRiceisverymuchunderappreciatedintheUnitedStatesWiththeexceptionofAsiancooking,riceisusuallyasidedishorcombinedwithotheringredientsRiceisverynutritious,lowcostandeasytopreparefoodTherearedifferenttypesofriceavailableandthecookingtimevariesbytypeofriceFollowthepackageinstructionsfortheamountofliquidnecessaryandthecookingtimesBothvaryforeachtypeofriceRegularwhitericehasbeenmilledtoremovethehullcomesinlong,mediumandshortgrainsLonggrainedriceisthebestforallpurposeuseBrownricehasapleasantnuttyflavorandafirmertextureWhilewhitericeiscookedinaboutminutes,brownricetakestominutestocookWhencookingricedonotbeconcernedifyouhavecookedriceleftoverTherearesomeexcellentrecipes,whichusecookedrice(words)FirstSignofAIDSTheviruscausingAIDSentersthebloodandquicklypenetratescertainwhitecellsinthebodyAtfirstthereisoftenlittleornotraceofthevirusatallThissituationusuallylastsforsixtotwelveweeksDuringthistimethepersonisfreeofsymptomsandantibodytestsarenegativeThefirstthingthathappensafterinfectionisthatmanypeopledevelopafluelikeillnessThismaybesevereenoughtolooklikeglandularfeverwithswollenglandsintheneckandarmpits,tiredness,feverandnightsweatsSomeofthosewhitecellsaredying,virusisbeingreleased,andforthefirsttimethebodyisworkinghardtomakecorrectantibodiesAtthisstagethebloodtestwillusuallybecomepositiveMostpeopledonotrealizewhatishappening,althoughwhentheylaterdevelopAIDStheylookbackandrememberitclearlyMostpeoplehaveproduceantibodiesinabouttwelveweeks(words)TheLibraryofCongressTheLibraryofCongressisthenationallibraryoftheUnitedStatesItwasfoundedintoservetheneedsofthecongressmenToday,itcontainsbooks,articlesanddocumentsoneverysubjectimaginableBesidessenators,congressmenandothergovernmentofficials,itserveslibraries,researchers,artistsandscientiststhroughoutthecountryandtheworldTheLibraryisoneofthelargestlibrariesintheworldIthasacollectionofmillionitemswhicharehousedinthreebuildingsThebookshelvesstretchformilesOfthemillionbooks,morethanhalfareinlanguagesotherthanEnglishThemainreadingroomisagreathallofmarblepillarsItisthecenterofactivityinthelibraryThereisacomputercatalogcenterwithsixterminalsforquickaccesstoinformationForgreaterspeedandefficiency,thelibraryhasinstalledanelectricbook–carryingsystemthatcarriesbooksfromonebuildingtoanotherinonlyafewseconds(words)ACarSoccerRaceAmericanfootballisdifferentfromtheEuropeanfootballandsomepeoplethinkthatitisbetterNowthere’sanewkindoffootballorsoccerwhichisplayedinAmericaIt’scalledcarsoccerTheplayersdrivesmallcars,whicharecalledBeetlesTheplayerstrytocatchtheballintheircarsThecarsareprotectedallsincetheyoftencrashintoeachotherTheballislargerthantheusualoneandtheplayersareprotected,tooIn,theFirstEuropeancarsoccermatchtookplaceinWestGermanyTeamsfromsomecountriesinEuropeanplayedinthematchTheBeetlesracedaroundthegroundmadlywhilethespectatorsshouted“Theballisbehindyou”Whenthematchended,threecarshadbeencrashedintopiecesAndtheplayersaswellasmanyofthespectatorswerebadlyhurtandhadtobetakentohospitalWillthiscarsoccerbecomeaspopularasfootballIdoubt(words)ChangesofFamilyLifeTheconceptoffamilylifehaschangedconsiderablyovertheyearsInearliesttimes,severalgenerationslivedtogetherinclans,whichconsistedofalllivingdescendentsandtheirhusbandsorwivesTheseclanswerealmosttotallyselfsufficient,everymembercontributinginsomewaytowardthesurvivalofthegroupThemenhuntedandfishedforfoodorsometimesmaintainedflocksofsheeporgoatsThewomenbakedbreadandroastedthemeattheirmenprovidedSpecialmembersofthecommunitywereselectedtomakeproductslikepottery,basketsandhomeweaponsButwiththedevelopmentofgreatervarietiesoffood,clothingandshelter,asingleclancouldnolongerdevelopalltheindividualskillsthegrouprequiredClansmergedintolargersocietiesandatthesametimebrokeintosmallerunitsconsistingofmarriedcouplesandtheirchildrenLatertheIndustrialRevolutionbroughtaboutevenmoreimportantchangesinfamilylifeNewinventionsbroughtshorterworkinghoursformenandeasierhousekeepingroutinesforwomenTodayaproductivefamilylifesuggestsnotthegroup’scooperativeeffortsofworkingtogether,butthepleasantandmeaningfulsharingofitsleisure(words)VitaminsItwasnotuntilthebeginningofthiscenturythatitwasrecognizedthatcertainsubstanceswereessentialinthediettopreventorcuresomediseasesThesesubstancesarenowknownasvitaminsTheyarevitalforgrowth,goodhealth,andmaintenanceofthenormalfunctionsofthebodyAwellbalanceddietshouldprovideallthevitaminswenormallyrequireThoseofuswhoarefortunateenoughtobeabletobuysufficientfoodshouldnotsufferfromvitamindeficiencyHowever,forvariousreasons,somepeopledonotmaintainabalanceddietPeopleoftenlosetheirappetitebecauseofillnessPeoplelivingalonemaynotbothertoeatpropermeals,andpeopleonadietmaynoteatsufficientquantitiesofnecessaryfoodsMoreover,modernmethodsofpreserving,freezing,andlongtermstorageoffood,togetherwithovercooking,candestroymanyofthevitamins(words)CometsInrecentyearsscientists’investigationofcometshasincreasedbecauseofgrowinginterestintheoriginofthesunandplanetsScientistswanttolearnhowcometsareformedTheythinkthatsuchinformationwillhelpexplaintheoriginofthesolarsystemTheword“comet”comesfromGreekandmeans“hairyobject”InhistorycometshaveaspecialplacePeoplebelievedthattheybroughtnewsofdeath,destructionormilitaryvictoriesThetailsofcometsprovideviewerswithspectacularsightsatnightComettailsaremillionsofkilometerslongThetailsfrequentlyreachlengthsofmillionkilometersandmoreThemostfamouscometofhistoryiscalledHalley’sComet,whichappearseveryyearsItwasnamedforEdwardHalley,aBritishastronomerHepredictedtheappearanceofthecometin,yearsafterhisdeathHalley’sCometisextremelybrightandhastwotailsInthethcenturyitreturnedinand(words)MobilePhoneEtiquetteThemobilephonehascreatedanewwayoflifeItgivesustheopportunitytoreachpeoplewhenandwhereverwelikeButwhenmobilephonesbecomeascommonplaceaswristwatches,itseemstheyarecreatingembarrassingsituationsPeoplelettheirphonesringinrestaurants,theatersorbusinessmeetingsPeopleloudlydiscussverypersonalissuesovertheirphoneswhilestrangersarearoundthemPeoplespendalltheirtimeinthepresenceoffriendspayingmoreattentiontothoseattheotherendoftheirmobilephonesBynow,everyoneknowsthatmobilephoneetiquetteisarealproblemThesearetipsforbeingagoodmobilecitizenFirstly,remembertocheckyourphoneisoffatactivitiesSecondly,respectthepeoplearoundyouwhenyoumakeortakecallsinpublicThirdly,don’tansweryourcellphonewhiletalkingwithanotherpersonunlessthatphonecallismoreimportantthanthepersonyouarewithFollowtheserulesandyou’llbearesponsiblemobilephoneuserbybeingconsideratetoothersReduce,ReuseandRecycleInrecentyearstherehasbeenanincreaseawarenessoftheimportanceofrecyclingThethreeRstokeepinmindforacleanerenvironmentare:reduce,reuse,andrecycleReducingisthebestwaytoprotecttheenvironmentHowever,ifyoucan’treducesomething,reuseitandifyoucan’treuseit,recycleitReducingwastemeansshoppingwiththeenvironmentinmindConsidertheenvironmentalimpactofeachproductbeforeyoubuyitMakealistofwhatyouneedbeforeyougoshoppingthiswillreduceimpulsebuyingAvoidbuyingthingsthatcan’tberecycledLearningtoreuseiseasyafteralittlepracticeForexample,youcanreuseshoppingbagsBuydurable,highqualitygoodsforalongerlifeoutsidethelandfillAlthoughdurablegoodsmaycostalittlemoreatfirst,theywillsaveyourmoneyandhelpsavetheenvironmentinthelongrunBeforethrowinganythingaway,thinkabouthoweachitemcanbereused(words)MercyKillingSomepeopleholdthatforpatientswithpainfulandterminaldiseasemercykillingisasolution,foritwillallowthemtodieapeacefuldeathanditseemstobenefiteverybody:thepatientsthemselves,theirrelatives,themedicalstaff,andthepatientswhoarewaitingforhospitalbedsButmercykillingisstillacontroversialissueThosewhoarestronglyagainstitholdthatthepossibilityofabusewillexposesickpeopletoallkindsofdangerAtpresent,manysocietiesandorganizationhavebeenformedintheworldtopromotemercykillingbutinnocountryhasitbeenlegalizedHowever,intheNetherlandsthesocietyandthecourtstendtotoleratedoctorassistedsuicideifstrictcriteriaaremetInaboutofallDutchdeaths,orcases,wereattributedtomercykillingbygovernmentstudiesAfewcasesofmercykillingarealsoreportedintheUSalthoughthemajorityofthepublicareagainstit(words)WorryWorryislikebloodpressureYouneedacertainleveltolive,buttoomuchcankillyouPeoplewhoworrytoomuchsufferForalltheirhardwork,foralltheirhumorandwillingnesstolaughatthemselves,foralltheirselfawareness,worriesjustcannotachievepeaceofmindWorryisamazinglycommonAtleastoneinfourofus–aboutmillionAmericans–willmeetthecriteriaforananxietydisorderatsomepointinourlifetimeEventhoseindividualswhoselivesaregoingwellmayworryexcessivelyonoccasionAndyet,worryisaverytreatableconditionMostpeopletodayarenotawareofallthatwehavelearnedaboutworryinthelastyearsWe’vecometounderstanddifferenttypesofworryandtheunderlyingtriggersWorrymayaccompanysimpleshyness,depressionofgeneralizedanxietydisorderEachkindofworryrespondstospecificandpowerfultechniques(words)TheAttitudeofGratitudeThanksgivingDayisadayforgivingthankstofamilyandfriendsintheUnitedStatesSomepeoplethinkThanksgivingisthemostimportantholidayoftheyearbecausetheybelievethetwomostimportantwordsintheEnglishare“thankyou”Forbusinesssuccess,a“thankyou”tellsaprospectorpartnerthatyouareappreciativeofwhathehasjustdoneAndthatmeansyouhaveaninterestinthatpersonandthebusinessrelationshipaswellForsocialinteraction,expressinggratitudeisequallyimportanttoshowhowyouvaluetheotherpersonandthesocialrelationshipyouhavewithhimTherefore,“thankyou”isabondingphraseAdditionally,givingthanksismostimportantforoutownpursuitofhappinessWhateveryouhave,youcaneitherappreciateofnotIfyouappreciateitandreallynoticethatyouhaveit,itwillbringyouhappinessHowever,ifyoutakeitforgranted,andfocusonthingsyoudon’thave,whatyoudohavewon’tbringyouhappiness(words)

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