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首页 The Great Depression.ppt

The Great Depression.ppt

The Great Depression.ppt

上传者: 我爱你 2012-06-26 评分 0 0 0 0 0 0 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《The Great Depressionppt》,可适用于高等教育领域,主题内容包含AmericanHistoryandCultureTheGreatDepressionTheGreatDepressionTheGreatDepre符等。

AmericanHistoryandCultureTheGreatDepressionTheGreatDepressionTheGreatDepressionTheCausesoftheGreatDepressionTheSymptomsoftheGreatDepressionFranklinDRooseveltTheNewDealTheGreatDepressionTheGreatDepressionwascausedbythestockmarketcrashinTheGreatDepressionTheGreatDepressionwascausedbyseveralfactors,suchasoverproduction,marginbuying,badbankingpracticesTheGreatDepressionTheworstyearoftheGreatDepressionwasTheGreatDepressionTheworstyearoftheGreatDepressionwasTheGreatDepressionTheNewDealwasnewsocialandeconomicreformintheUSTheGreatDepressionTheodoreRooseveltandWoodrowWilsonhadmadesimilarreformsintheProgressiveMovementTheGreatDepressionTheUSeconomyrecoveredcontinuouslyafterTheGreatDepressionIn,USeconomydeclinedagain,resultinginwhatbecameknownastheRooseveltRecession,ortheRecessionofTheGreatDepressionTheNewDealendedtheGreatDepressionandrestoredprosperityintheUSTheGreatDepressionOnlyafterthesurgeindemandforwarrelatedgoodssuchasmunitions,ships,tanks,andairplanesdidtheeconomyfinallyrightitselfandbegintogrowinsCausesoftheGreatDepressionOverproductioninmanufacturing:FactoriesproducedtoomuchandpeoplewerenotabletobuyallofthenewproductsOverproductioninagriculture:WhenWWIended,therewasnotasmuchneedforfoodinEuropeCausesoftheGreatDepressionCausesoftheGreatDepressionMarginBuyingintheStockMarket:anindividualcouldpurchaseashareofacompany’sstockandthenusethepromiseofthatshare’sfutureearningstobuymoresharesCausesoftheGreatDepressionCausesoftheGreatDepressionBadBankingPractices:virtuallynofederalregulationsexistedtocontrolbanksCorruptionwasrampantmanybankersboughtstocksonmarginwithcustomers’savingsCausesoftheGreatDepressionStockMarketCrashinTheDowJonesIndustrialAverage(DJIA)fellsteadilyoveratendayperiodBlackTuesday:October,DJIAdeclinedInvestorspanickedanddumpedanunprecedentedmillionsharesStockMarketCrashinStockMarketCrashinStockMarketCrashinSept,DJIA:July,DJIA:TheGreatDepressionTheGreatDepressionPresidentHooverdecidedthatthebestthingtodowouldbetowaitandhopethatthingsgotbetter…Hewasnotverypopular…HerbertHooverThestUSPresident()AHoovervilleinCentralPark,NewYorkCityHoovervillesweregroupsofshacksorpoorhousingduringtheGreatDepressionTheywerenamedafterPresidentHooverTexas,Texas,FranklinDelanoRooseveltFranklinDelanoRooseveltCalledFDR,hewaselectedthendpresidentinFDRUSPresident–AdistantrelativeofTeddyRoosevelt,FDRsufferedfrompolioandcouldbarelywalkHepromiseda“NewDeal”forAmericanpeopleDuringthefirsthundreddaysinhisfirstterm,overbillswerepassedbyCongressTheNewDealTheNewDealwasaseriesofeconomicprogramspassedbyCongressduringthefirsttermofRoosevelt,fromtohisreelectioninTheNewDealTheoryBehindtheNewDealTheoryBehindtheNewDealBritisheconomistwhobelievedthatagovernment’sspendingduringdepressionscouldrevivenationaleconomiesJohnMaynardKeynes-TheNewDealRs:relief,recovery,andreformRelieffortheunemployedandpoorRecoveryoftheeconomytonormallevelsReformofthefinancialsystemtopreventanotherdepressionTheNewDealTheFirstHundredDaysTheFirstHundredDaysFDRworkedquicklyinhisfirstdaysaspresidentOverbillswerepassedbytheCongressTheEmergencyBankingActTheEconomyActTheAgriculturalAdjustmentAdministration(AAA)TheSecuritiesandExchangeCommission(SEC)TheCivilianConservationCorps(CCC)TheTennesseeValleyAuthority(TVA)TheCivilWorksAdministration(CWA)TheFederalEmergencyReliefAdministration(FERA)“AlphabetSoup”PresidentialElectioninOppositionoftheNewDealIn,NewDealcriticswerebecomingmorenumerousandvocalCongressmen,includingtheRepublicans,evensomeDemocrats,hadovercometheinitial panicandwerebecomingmorefiscallyconservativeasRoosevelt’sdeficitspendingsoaredOppositionoftheNewDealOppositionoftheNewDealAging,conservativejudgesdominatedtheSupremeCourtandhadbeguntostrikedownseveralkeylawsoftheNewDealOppositionoftheNewDealLegacyoftheNewDealTheNewDealdidinfacthelpmillionsofAmericanssurvivetheGreatDepressionIthelpedcreatejobs,buildhousesandsheltersforthehomeless,anddistributefoodtothehungryItalsoraisedagriculturalcommodityprices,putbanksbackonsolidfooting,andgreatlyimprovedthenationalinfrastructureLegacyoftheNewDealBy,itwasobviousthatanewwarwasgoingtobegininEuropeTheUSwasstillrecoveringfromtheDepressionanddidnotwanttogetinvolvedRooseveltwasreelectedinbecausehepromisedtoavoidwarandtomaintainneutralityWarinEuropehadbeguninandtheUSwastoopowerfultoremainneutralthistime…

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