下载

1下载券

加入VIP
  • 专属下载券
  • 上传内容扩展
  • 资料优先审核
  • 免费资料无限下载

上传资料

关闭

关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 Model for Term Paper

Model for Term Paper.doc

Model for Term Paper

我爱你
2012-06-26 0人阅读 举报 0 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Model for Term Paperdoc》,可适用于高等教育领域

Name:黄晶Class:StudentNumber:StudyontheNamesofthePlanetsIIntroductionAstronomyisanoldscienceItsnomenclatureisoftenderivedfromtraditionandhistoryratherthanfromwhatmighttodayseemmoresensibleThenamesoftheobjectsinthesolarsystemareparticularlysoThenamesoftheplanetsthatwestillusetodayarederivedfromthenamesgiventothesecelestialbodiesbyancientcivilizationsWesternerscallthemMercury,Venus,theEarth,Mars,Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus,NeptuneIncontrast,ChinesepeoplenamethemWood,Metal,theEarthEarth,FireandWater,Uranus,Neptune(thelasttwonameswerediscoveredbyWesternastronomers)WhydothesameobjectshavetotallydifferentnamesindifferentculturesVariousculturalfactorshaveresultedindifferentlanguageformsItisimportanttounderstandandhandletherelationshipbetweencultureandlanguageIIWesternViewontheNamesofthePlanetsGreekmythologyhasgreatinfluenceonwesterncultureItInfluencesonlanguage,literature,musicalworks,andsoonOneofthemostprominentareastowhichclassicalnameshavelongbeentransferredisastronomyTheplanetseventuallyreceivednamesdrawnfromGreekmythologyThenamesoftheplanetsofourSolarSystemare,countingfromtheSun:Mercury,Venus,theEarth,Mars,Jupiter,Saturn,Uranus,NeptuneAllofthosenamesexceptforEarthandUranusareofgodsandgoddessesfromRomanmythology,andUranusisagodfromGreekmythologyThefiveplanetseasilyvisiblewiththeunaidedeye(Mercury,Venus,Mars,Jupiter,andSaturn)havebeenobservedforallhumanhistoryasfaraswecantell,andtheywerecalleddifferentthingsbydifferentculturesInAdrian’seye,thenamesoftheplanetscamefromtheEastHementionedinhisbookWho’swhoinclassicalmythology:“TheGreekswerenotthefirsttonametheconstellationsandplanets,butforthemostpartborrowedthenamesfromtheeastfromtheancientEgyptians,Phoenicians,AssyriansandBabyloniansandthentranslatedandadaptedthemastheydidthenamesofmanyofthemythologicalcharactersTheRomanstranslatedtheGreeknames”InGreekmythology,godslookmorehumanlike,outpouringtheirlaicalnaturalemotion,suchaslove,hate,anger,desire,envyetcThegodsandtheheroesinancientGreekmythemphasizehonorTheypursuetheindividualvalue,evendoharmtothehumanbeingAtthattime,AncientGreekcivilizationextendsbacktotheheroicperiodrecordedbyHomerintheIliadandtheOdyssey,anditisonlywiththesecondwaveofGreekcivilizationthatastrologyarrivedintheGreekpeninsularInthearticleComparisonandContrastbetweenAncientGreekandChineseMythologies,theauthorclaimedthatancientGreece’scivilizationhadcloserelationshipwiththelowproductivityofthattimeandwasgreatlyaffectedbytheenvironmentSotheimagesinGreekmythologieslookmorehumanlike,outpouringtheirlaicalnaturalemotionFromtheGreekmythologies,wecanseethewesternmainstreamintheirthoughtsemphasizeambition,individualism,rationality,power,andlibertyThearticleAstrologyResourceholdsthattheearlyGreekphilosopherswereastronomersratherthanastrologers,forastrologywasvirtuallyunknowntothem,butstepbysteptheybuiltuptheintellectualstructurewhichwastobecombinedwithMesopotamiandivinationtoproducemodernastrologyItmaybearguedthatastrologybecamethemostpopularmethodofdivinationinthewesternworldpreciselybecauseitinheritedtheintellectualdepthsofGreekphilosophyWesternphilosophyprovesitsextraordinaryconnectionbetweennaturalscienceandphilosophyIndeed,wecanseethatphilosophyfromtheWestbroughtmuchdeeperconceptsuponuniverse,naturalforceandusedtheseobjectiveitemstoexplainhuman,formingasharpcontrastwithEasternPhilosophyThisperhapsbecomesitsveracityWesternPhilosophyreflectsmanynaturalsciencecharacteristicswhichareshowninthepreviousclassicalschemes,suchasastronomyFrancoisJullien,acontemporaryFrenchphilosopher,notedinEssenceorNaturethatthetwophilosophicalthreadsstartedtodivergearoundthetimeofAncientGreece,andthatWesternthinkersdesperatelyattemptedtoemit“definitions”inordertodrawthelimitsofeachconceptHowancientGreeksandChineseviewedtheworldinphilosophydependedonhowtheydefinedthebasicelementalcharacteristicsthatmakeuptheworldEmpedocles,afifthcenturyBCEGreekphilosopher,originatedthetermsFire,Earth,Air,andWaterHeexplainedthenatureoftheuniverseasaninteractionoftwoopposingprinciplescalledloveandstrifemanipulatingthefourelementsHestatedthatthesefourelementswereallequal,ofthesameage,thateachrulesitsownprovinceandeachpossessesitsownindividualcharacterDifferentmixturesoftheseelementsproducedthedifferentnaturesofthingsInaword,scholarsinthewestadvocatethegreatinfluenceofGreekmythologyOfcourse,Greekmythologyinfluencedthenamingofmanyobjectsinthenightsky,notjusttheplanetsTheplanetsallbearnamesfromRomanmythologywhichreflecttheircharacteristicsTheyviewGreekphilosophyastherootofthescienceIIIEasternViewontheNamesoftheplanetsOnthecontrary,intraditionalChinesephilosophy,naturalphenomenacanbeclassifiedintotheWuXing(Chinese:五行),ortheFiveElements,alsotranslatedasfivephases,fivemovementsorfivestepsThefundamentalcomponentsoftheUniverseare:Wood,Fire,Earth,MetalandWaterTheFiveElementtheoryviewstheUniverseanditsfunctioningasbeingcyclicalandinteractiveItwasemployedinmanyfieldsofearlyChinesethought,includingseeminglydisparatefieldssuchasgeomancyorFengshui,astrology,traditionalChinesemedicine,music,militarystrategyandmartialartsTheancientChineseastronomerscalledthefivemajorplanetsbythenamesoftheelementstheywereassociatedwith:VenuscorrespondstoMetal(gold)JupitertoWoodMercurytoWaterMarstoFireSaturntoEarthProfessorLiangNingsenghasconveyedsuchviewas“Thefiveelementsmixingfive”istheimportantcomponentofChineseancientcivilizationitisfoundationandmarrowofChineseancientphilosophythoughttooItsbasicmeaningofcultureandscientificvaluehadalreadypermeatedeachfieldofChineseancientcivilizationIthasextremelyimportantscientificvalueandextremelyimportantinfluenceondevelopmentofChineseancientcivilizationTheChineseconceptionof“element”isthereforequitedifferenttotheWesternoneTheWesternelementswereseenasthebasicbuildingblocksofmatterTheChinese“elements”,bycontrast,wereseenaseverchangingandmovingforcesorenergiesonetranslationofxingissimply“thefivechanges”ThedoctrineoffivephasesdescribestwoCyclesofBalance,ageneratingorcreation(生,shēng)cycleandanovercomingordestruction(克,kè)cycleofinteractionsbetweenthephasesGeneratingmeansthatWoodfeedsFireFirecreatesEarth(ash)EarthbearsMetalMetalcollectsWaterWaternourishesWoodOvercomingincludesthatwoodpartsearthearthabsorbswaterwaterquenchesfirefiremeltsmetalandmetalchopswoodChenQizhianalyzesthatthetheoryofYinYangandFiveElementswhichiscommonlytranslatedasfiveelementswhichoriginatedfromtheTaoismschoolofnaturallawintheperiodbeforeQinDynastyTheconceptsofYinandYangrelateswithbothsunshineandSpacetimeTheobjectivefoundationofthetheoryofYinYangisthatthevariationofsunshineintensitychangeswithvariationofspacetimeTheideaoffivedirectionsisforerunnerofthetheoryoffiveXingTheFiveElementsembodiesfivecategoriesofdifferentprogramsTheestablishmentoftheoryofYinYangandFiveElementscloselyrelateswiththedevelopmentofancientChineseastronomyTheSpacetimeiskeystoneofthetheoryofYinYangandfiveXingTheFiveElementsbelongstotheYinYangwhenthetheoryofFiveElementscombineswiththetheoryofYinYangThewoodseemsalittleYANGthefiveseemsagrandYangthemetalseemsalittleYinthewaterseemsagrandYintheearthistheintermediarybetweenYangandYinTheFiveElementscanalsobecalledthePronounoffivedirectionsandfourseasonsFiveelementsandPhilosophyofAncientChineseTechnologyconveytheideathatthedevelopmentoftheancientChinesesciencehadbeenaffectedbythetheoryofYingYangandFiveElementsInaddition,thetheoryofYinYangandFiveElementsisusedforreferencebytheforeignandnationalscientistsandphilosophersnowadaysandatmoderntimesItisworthytocriticallyinheritthetheoryofYinYangandFiveElementsFromtheabovementionedviews,itisknownthatthefivemajorplanetsareassociatedwithandnamedafterthefiveelementsTheFiveElementsplayanimportantpartinChineseastrologyandtheChineseformofgeomancyknownasFengshuiAlthoughtherelativegeographicalisolationandstrictpolityaffectedthedevelopmentofastrologyinancientChina,ChineseastronomershavemadeagreatcontributiontoastrologyandscienceIVConclusionInbrief,theoriginoftheplanetnamescomesfromdifferentculturalbackgroundsanddifferentphilosophytheoriesWesternastronomersnamedtheplanetsaftertheclassicalnamesofmythologywhileChinesescientistsnamedthemaftertheChinesephilosophyofFiveElements(Chinese:五行),whichmayalsoshedlightontheculturaldifferencesbetweentheWestandtheEastPAGE

用户评价(0)

关闭

新课改视野下建构高中语文教学实验成果报告(32KB)

抱歉,积分不足下载失败,请稍后再试!

提示

试读已结束,如需要继续阅读或者下载,敬请购买!

评分:

/5

VIP

意见
反馈

免费
邮箱

爱问共享资料服务号

扫描关注领取更多福利