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首页 Wordsworth

Wordsworth.ppt

Wordsworth

lcc724
2012-06-25 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Wordsworthppt》,可适用于人文社科领域

UnitUnitABriefIntroductiontoRomanticismWilliamWordsworthIWanderedLonelyasaCloudJaneAustenPrideandPrejudiceCenturyRomanticismCenturyRomanticismItwasmainlyaperiodofpoetryRomanticismfavoredinnovationinthematerials,form,andstyleofliteratureEnglishromanticpoetrybeganwithakindof“manifesto”,orstatementofrevolutionaryaims,intheprefacetothesecondedition()ofWordsworthandColeridge’sLyricalBalladsTheRomanticperiodinEnglishliteratureisusuallysaidtohavebegunin(thepublicationofWordsworthandColeridge’sLyricalBallads),andtohaveendedinwhenScottdiedandthepassageoftheReformBillsignaledthepoliticalpreoccupationsoftheVictorianEraInthepublicationofWordsworthandColeridge’sLyricalBalladsbythewaytheyentitledit“ballad”implyingdenialoftheclassicalisminthepoeticalformasballadchieflyfoundinthepopulaceand“lyrical”suggestingthevoiceofheartinsteadofheadThisPreface,writtenbyWordsworthdenouncedthepoeticdictionoftheprecedingcenturyandproposedtodealwithmaterialsfrom“commonlife”in“aselectionofcommonlanguagereallyusedbymen”InthePrefaceWordsworthrepeatedlydescribedgoodpoetryas“spontaneousoverflowofpowerfulfeelings”Accordingtothispointofviewpoetryisnotamirrorofmeninactionitsessentialelement,onthecontrary,isthepoet’sownfeelings,whiletheprocessofcomposition,being“spontaneous”inemotion“recollectedintranquility”SoaccordingtoWordsworththeactofcompositionofgenuinepoemsmustbefreeof“artificial”rulesandconventionsofNeoclassicismExternalnaturebecameapersistentsubjectofpoetry,naturewasdescribedwithanaccuracyandsensuousnuanceunprecedentedinearlierwritersButnaturewasnotdescribedforitsownsake,instead,servedasastimulusforthepoettoengageinthemostcharacteristichumanactivity,thatofthinkingTheimportantpoemsofthetimearepoemsoffeelingfulmeditationofcentralhumanproblemsWordsworthsaidthatitis“theMindofMan”whichis“myhaunt,andthemainregionofmysong”ColeridgeandKeatssoughttherealmofthesupernaturalandof“thefarawayandthelongago”,whileBlakeandShelleytranscendedthephysicalqualitiesofobjectsforsymbolicsignificanceByronwasessentiallyafreedemocraticspiritwhowasmoreembracedbythemassesWilliamWordsworth()WilliamWordsworth()WilliamWordsworthwasborninCockermouth,WestCumberland,inthelakedistrictofNorthwesternEngland,wherehedevelopedastrongloveofnatureHegraduatedfromCambridgeandwenttoFranceTheFrenchRevolutionexercisedastronginfluenceuponhimbutthatenthusiasmfinallygavewaytohispassionwithnatureInhereceivedalegacyandsettleddownwithhissisterDorothyinhisnativeLakeDistrictAtthesametimehemetSamuelTaylorColeridge,theydevelopedbetweenthemacloseandlongstandingfriendshipTogethertheypublishedinLyricalBallads,whichmarkedthebreakwiththeeighteenthcenturyclassicismandthebeginningofRomanticisminEnglishpoetryOntheonehandWordsworthistheclosesttonatureTohimnatureisthedominantinfluenceinchangingpeople’ssensibilities:naturetohimisasourceofmentalcleanlinessandspiritualrevelationitisateacher,itisthesteppingstonebetweenManandGodOntheotherhandhemaintainedthatscenesandeventsofeverydaylifeandlanguageofordinarypeopleshouldbewhatthepoetshuntforOfWordsworth’sgrouppoems,thebestknownisthe“LucyPoems”inwhichhedescribedwithararebeautyoflyricismandwellusedmetaphorsasimple,naturalandpurecountrygirlwholivedinaremotemountainousareafarfromthespoiledartificialcitylifeTheDaffodilsTheDaffodilsTellhispoeticdevicestodepictthebeautifuldaffodilsceneryPridePrejudicePridePrejudiceThebookisaboutcourtshipandmarriageTheBennetswishedtomarryofffivedaughtersTheeldestdaughterJanemarriedBinleyLidyamarriedWihhamBecauseofthreereasonsElizabethheldprejudiceagainstDarcy,wholookeddownupontheBennets,andthatElizabeththoughtDarcyinterruptedhersisterJane’smarriagetoBinley,andWihhamwasaliartellingherDarcyownedhimmoneybutreallyheownedDarcyandthenfinallyElizabethrealizeditwasDarcywhohelpedLidyaandWihhamgotogetherSoeventuallyprejudiceisremoved,DarcystilllookeddownuponherparentsabitElizabethfoundDarcyisstraightforwardmanUnitUnitPercyByssheShelleyOdetotheWestWind

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