关闭

关闭

封号提示

内容

首页 Analog Circuit Design (2009).pdf

Analog Circuit Design (2009).pdf

Analog Circuit Design (2009).pdf

上传者: 上攻下伐 2012-05-31 评分1 评论0 下载105 收藏0 阅读量662 暂无简介 简介 举报

简介:本文档为《Analog Circuit Design (2009)pdf》,可适用于IT/计算机领域,主题内容包含AnalogCircuitDesignArthurHMvanRoermund•HermanCasierMichielSteyaertEditorsA符等。

AnalogCircuitDesignArthurHMvanRoermund•HermanCasierMichielSteyaertEditorsAnalogCircuitDesignSmartDataConverters,FiltersonChip,MultimodeTransmittersABCEditorsDrArthurHMvanRoermundDepartmentofElectricalEngineeringEindhovenUniversityofTechnologyMBEindhovenNetherlandsahmvroermundtuenlDrHermanCasierAvondsterKuurneBelgiumhermancasierieeeorgProfMichielSteyaertDepartmentofElectricalEngineering(ESAT)KatholiekeUniversiteitLeuvenKasteelparkArenbergLeuvenBelgiummichielsteyaertesatkuleuvenbeISBNeISBNDOISpringerDordrechtHeidelbergLondonNewYorkLibraryofCongressControlNumber:cNopartofthisworkmaybereproduced,storedinaretrievalsystem,ortransmittedinanyformorbyanymeans,electronic,mechanical,photocopying,microfilming,recordingorotherwise,withoutwrittenpermissionfromthePublisher,withtheexceptionofanymaterialsuppliedspecificallyforthepurposeofbeingenteredandexecutedonacomputersystem,forexclusiveusebythepurchaseroftheworkCoverdesign:eStudioCalamarSLPrintedonacidfreepaperSpringerispartofSpringerScienceBusinessMedia(wwwspringercom)SpringerScienceBusinessMediaBVPrefaceThisbookispartoftheAnalogCircuitDesignseriesandcontainscontributionsofthespeakersofthethworkshoponAdvancesinAnalogCircuitDesign(AACD),whichwasorganizedbySvenMattissonofEricssonTheworkshopwasheldinLund,Sweden,fromMarchtoApril,Thebookcomprisesthreeparts,coveringadvancedanalogandmixedsignalcircuitdesignfieldsthatareconsideredasveryimportantbythecircuitdesigncommunity:SmartDataConvertersFiltersonChipMultimodeTransmittersEachpartissetupwithsixpapersfromexpertsinthefieldTheaimoftheAACDworkshopistobringtogetheragroupofexpertdesignerstodiscussnewdevelopmentsandfutureoptionsEachworkshopisthenfollowedbythepublicationofabookbySpringerintheirsuccessfulseriesofAnalogCircuitDesignThisbookisnumberinthisseriesThebookscanbeseenasareferenceforallpeopleinvolvedinanalogandmixedsignaldesignThefulllistofthepreviousbooksandtopicsintheseriesisgivennextWeareconfidentthatthisbook,likeitspredecessors,providesavaluablecontributiontoouranalogandmixedsignalcircuitdesigncommunityArthurvanRoermundThetopicscoveredbeforeinthisseries:Pavia(Italy)HighspeedClockandDataRecoveryHighperformanceAmplifiersPowerManagementOostende(Belgium)Sensors,ActuatorsandPowerDriversfortheAutomotiveandIndustrialEnvironmentIntegratedPAsfromWirelinetoRFVeryHighFrequencyFrontEnds(continued)vviPreface(continued)Maastricht(TheNetherlands)HighspeedADConvertersAutomotiveElectronics:EMCIssuesUltraLowPowerWirelessLimerick(Ireland)RFCircuits:WideBand,FrontEnds,DACsDesignMethodologyandVerificationofRFandMixedSignalSystemsLowPowerandLowVoltageMontreux(Swiss)SensorandActuatorInterfaceElectronicsIntegratedHighVoltageElectronicsandPowerManagementLowPowerandHighResolutionADCsGraz(Austria)FractionalNSynthesizersDesignforRobustnessLineandBusdriversSpa(Belgium)StructuredMixedModeDesignMultiBitSigmaDeltaConvertersShortRangeRFCircuitsNoordwijk(TheNetherlands)ScalableAnalogCircuitsHighSpeedDAConvertersRFPowerAmplifiersMunich(Germany)HighSpeedADConvertersMixedSignalDesignPLLsandSynthesizersNice(France)XDSLandotherCommunicationSystemsRFMOSTModelsandBehaviouralModellingIntegratedFiltersandOscillatorsCopenhagen(Denmark)VoltElectronicsMixedModeSystemsLNAsandRFPowerAmpsforTelecomComo(Italy)RFADConvertersSensorandActuatorInterfacesLowNoiseOscillators,PLLsandSynthesizersLausanne(Swiss)RFCMOSCircuitDesignBandpassSigmaDeltaandOtherDataConvertersTranslinearCircuitsVillach(Austria)LowNoisePowerVoltageMixedModewithCADToolsVoltage,CurrentandTimeReferencesEindhoven(Netherlands)LowPowerLowVoltageIntegratedFiltersSmartPowerLeuven(Belgium)MixedModeADDesignSensorInterfacesCommunicationCircuitsScheveningen(TheNetherlands)OpAmpsADCAnalogCADContentsPartISmartDataConvertersLMSBasedDigitalAssistingforDataConvertersBangSupSongPipelinedADCDigitalCalibrationTechniquesandTradeoffsImranAhmedHighResolutionandWideBandwidthCMOSPipelineADConvertersHansVandeVelASignalProcessingViewonTimeInterleavedADCSChristianVogelDACCorrectionandFlexibility,Classification,NewMethodsandDesignsGeorgiRadulov,PatrickQuinn,HansHegt,andArthurvanRoermundSmartCMOSCurrentSteeringDAConvertersforEmbeddedApplicationsMartinClara,DanielGruber,andWolfgangKlatzerPartIIFiltersOnChipSynthesisofLowSensitivityAnalogFiltersLarsWanhammarHighPerformanceContinuousTimeFilterswithOnChipTuningJoseSilvaMartinezandAydınIKarsılayanviiviiiContentsSourceFollowerBasedContinuousTimeAnalogFiltersStefanoD’Amico,MarcelloDeMatteis,andAndreaBaschirottoReconfigurableActiveRCFilterswithHighLinearityandLowNoiseforHomeNetworkingApplicationsJanVandenbussche,JanCrols,andYuichiSegawaOnChipInstantaneouslyCompandingFiltersforWirelessCommunicationsVaibhavMaheshwariandWouterASerdijnBAWICCOIntegrationTunableFiltersatGHzFrequenciesAndreiaCathelin,StephaneRazafimandimby,andAndreasKaiserPartIIIMultimodeTransmittersMultimodeTransmitters:EasierwithStrongNonlinearityEarlMcCuneRBSHighEfficiencyPowerAmplifierResearch–ChallengesandPossibilitiesBoBerglund,UlfGustavsson,JohanThoreback,ThomasLejon,andEricssonABMultiModeTransmittersinCMOSManelCollados,XinHe,JanvanSinderen,andRafRooversChallengesforMobileTerminalCMOSPowerAmplifiersPatrickReynaertMultimodeTransmitterswith†BasedAllDigitalRFSignalGenerationAFrappe,AKaiser,AFlament,andBStefanelliSwitchedModeTransmitterArchitecturesHenrikSjoland,CarlBryant,VandanaBassoo,andMikeFaulknerPartISmartDataConvertersThefirstpartofthisbookcoversthetheme‘SmartDataConverters’Asthenameindicates,itdealswithsmartconvertersthathavesomekindofsmartnessimplementedonchip,tomaketheconverterbetterinperformanceforagivenamountofresourceslikepowerdissipationandareaOnchipsmartnessmightalsoresultinanincreaseinyield,adecreaseindesigneffort,ahigherflexibility,morefunctionalityandorbroaderapplicabilityAlltheseaspectsinturnalsopayoffinlesscostThePartstartswithADconvertersThreetypesofADconvertersachieveconsiderableattentionnowadays,andarethereforeaddressedhere:pipelined,SigmaDelta,andtimeinterleavedADconvertersThefirstpaperdiscussesbothLMSbasedcalibratedpipelineandSigmaDeltaconvertersandalsomakessomecomparisonsbetweenthetwoThesecondpaperfullyfocusesonpipelineconvertersandaddressesseveralcalibrationtechniquesThethirdpaperdiscussesacalibratedpipelineintheapplicationcontextofamultichannel,andthuswideband,frontendofacellularbasestationNextweproceedwithapaperontimeinterleavedconvertersHeretheproblemisintheequalityofthechannelsintermsofgain,time,andmoregenericallyseen:inspectralbehaviourThispaperwilladdresstheproblemfromasignalprocessingpointofview,sofromahigherlevelofabstraction,toshowwhattheoreticalapproachesarepossibletocorrectforlowerlevelinducedchanneldifferences,andwhatarethetradeoffsbetweenthem,onanalgorithmiclevelFinallyweendupwithtwoDApapersThefirstonegivesanoverviewandclassificationofsmartapproachesforCurrentSteeringDAs,astheyareknownnowinliterature,showssolutionsformissingapproaches,andaddressesflexibilityasoneofthefeaturesofsmartconvertersThesecondDApaperalsoaddressesCurrentSteeringDAs,butfocusesmorespecificallyontheembeddingofthesekindsofconvertersinsystemsonchip(SoCs),whichimpliessomeextraconstraintsthatshouldbemetArthurvanRoermundChapterLMSBasedDigitalAssistingforDataConvertersBangSupSongAbstractAggressivedevicescalingdowntothenanometerrangeoffersICdesignersbothopportunitiesandchallengesDigitaldesignersbenefitgreatlyfromthesystemflexibilityandaffordability,butanalogRFdesignersarestrugglingwithflaweddevicesSincescaleddevicesarefasterandsmaller,theincentivetousesuchstrengthsadvantageouslyhaspromptedmanyeffortstoovercomeanalogimperfectionbydigitalmeansDesignersareintroducingmoreDSPfunctionalitytoenhancetheperformanceofanalogRFsystemsMoreintelligenceisbeingbuiltintoanalogRFdesignsasinlinearPA,RFreceiverfrontend,ADCDAC,digitalPLL,etcSuchpervasivedesigntechniqueswithdigitalassistingwillprevailinthefutureSOCdesignAfterabriefoverviewofthetrend,examplesoftheLMSbasedcalibrationalgorithmappliedtothepipelineandCTcascaded†modulatorarediscussedIntroductionCMOSanalogdesignhasevolvedalongwiththedevicescalingforthreedecadessinceearlysInitsearlydays,thesupplyvoltagewashigher,theopamphadhighgainwhiledeviceswereslow,andthecrudelithographylimitedthecapacitormatchingonlyto–blevelThetwostageopampandthesimpleSARwerepredominantlyusedatlowsofkHzrangemostlyforthevoicebandprocessingThe†modulatorwasfeasible,butdigitalfilteringwasverycostlyThischangedinsasCMOSwasaggressivelyscaleddowntowardsthesubmicronrangeInthismiddleperiod,thesupplyvoltagewasloweredfromhigh–to–V,anddeviceswerefastenoughtodigitizethevideobandandbeyondTwoADCarchitecturesstoodout–pipelineforhighspeedcommunicationsandvideo,and†forhighresolutionaudioCascadedsinglestageopampwasadopted,andmanyADCcalibrationtechniquesweredevelopedtoenhancetheresolutionofthepipelinedBSSong()DepartmentofElectricalandComputerEngineering,UniversityofCalifornia,SanDiego,USAemail:songeceucsdeduAHMvanRoermundetal(eds),AnalogCircuitDesign:SmartDataConverters,FiltersonChip,MultimodeTransmitters,DOI,cSpringerScienceBusinessMediaBVBSSongADCtoabovebrangeNowins,CMOSisstillbeingscaleddownfromthesubmicrontothenanometerrange,andthesupplyvoltagealsoapproachessubVTherealadvantagesofsuchscaleddevicesarerawspeed,finelithography,andalmostfreedigitalcircuitryThefinelinelithographyalsomadethebarecapacitormatchingofblevelfeasibleThesedays,analogengineersstartwithfasterandmoreaccuratedevicesthanearliergenerationsdid,andmostdesignsturnouttobealreadyhighspeedandhighresolutionwithlowpowerHowever,acoupleofproblemsshouldbedealtwithWithlowsupplyvoltages,SNRislimitedbythesignalswing,andthelowgaindefeatsanydesignefforttousetheconventionalanalogdesignwisdomaccumulatedoverdecadesInaddition,thedeviceleakagemakesanyaccurateswitchedcapacitordesigndifficultInfact,itappearsthattheanalogdesigntrendisreset,anditstartsoveragainfromthebeginningTwoormultistageopampsareback,buttheirgainisstilllowandnonlinearOldADCdesignssuchasalgorithmic,SAR,andtimeinterleavingarealsobeingrevisitedInordertoavoidusinglowgainnonlinearopamps,thenewbreedsofADCarchitecturesthatusenoopampsstartedtoemergeExamplesarecomparatorbasedpipelineADCsandquantizersbasedontimeresolutionOntheotherhand,theindustryhasgrownwiththepowerfulbroadbanddigitalprocessingthatenablesSOCssuchascellphone,WiFi,TVtuner,:::ThisnewenvironmenthascreatedademandforwidebandADCssuchasIFquantizerswithveryhighSFDRtofacilitatethedigitalchannelfilteringafterquantizingthedesiredspectrumwithlargeblockerchannelsAlsoforhighresolutiongraphicorimaging,highSNRoverdBandlowlevellinearityoverbatsamplingratesoverMSsarerequiredtoresolveevendarkimagesfurtherinmoredetailsItischallengingtomeetsuchdemandswithscaledlowvoltageCMOSTwohighresolutionADCarchitecturesthatcanmeetsuchhighdemandsarethecalibratedpipelinedADCandtheCT†modulatorTheformerisnowwellestablishedenoughtocalibrateeventheopampnonlinearityThelatterexhibitsmanydesirablefeaturesinwirelessapplicationsandgainsmomentumasitrequiresnoantialiasing,andSNRisimprovednotbythecalibrationaccuracybutbythefeedbackInthefollowingsections,afterhighresolutionADCsandtheirfundamentallimitsareoverviewed,anLMSbasedresolutionenhancingtechniqueisintroduced,whicheliminatestheresidualerroraftercalibrationusingthezeroforcingLMSservofeedbackconceptHighResolutionADCsHighresolutionADCssamplingat–MSswith–blinearityhavebeenimplementedmostlywithSAR,†,orpipelinearchitecturesasshownintheresolutionspectrumofFigTheSARisverydesirableforlowvoltageandlowpowerapplicationssinceitusesonlyonecomparatorHowever,thepipelineoffersasignificantspeedadvantagewhilethe†ismorerobustinachievinghighresolutionHighresolutionADCsathighsamplingratesareonlyfeasiblewithscaledLMSBasedDigitalAssistingforDataConvertersFigResolutionvsbandwidthofADCsHighResolutionApplicationstechnologywithlowsupplyvoltages,andtheirperformanceiscommonlycharacterizedbytheirlinearitymeasuredbySFDRorTHDSuchADCswithhighlinearitybutpoorSNRareallowedinsystemsperformingdigitalfilteringTheearliestefforttoenhancetheADCresolutionwasanEPROMbasedcodemappingtechniqueusingaradix<,whichwarrantsmonotonicityandproperaddressingHowever,itwaspossibleonlyatfactorysinceitrequiredexternalprecisioninstrumentsThefirstselfcalibrationconceptfortheSARwasintroducedtomeasurecapacitormismatcherrors,tostorethemdigitally,andtosubtractthemduringthenormaloperation,ThisselfcalibratedSARbasedonthechargeredistributioncapacitorarraywasslow,andtheoversamplingADCcoveredthevoiceoraudiobandbetterAlsoonecriticalflawofthehighresolutionSARwastheslowlyvaryingoffsetofthecomparatorduetothestressinflictedupontheinputdifferentialpairofthecomparatorwhenseveraldecisionsaremaderepeatedlyafteroneinputsamplingFinally,theNyquistrateADCabovethevideobandbecamearealitywhenthepipelinedarchitecturewasintroduced,andthecapacitorarrayMDACasaresidueamplifierenabledthedevelopmentofhighresolutionADCs–TheswitchedcapacitorMDACperformsmultiplefunctionsofsampling,DACsubtraction,andamplificationasaresidueamplifierinthepipelinedADCorasanintegratorintheDT†modulatorFigurecomparestheswitchedcapacitorMDACwiththeCTintegratorTheformerisusedinanopenendedsystem,andtheresidueamplifiershouldsettlewithanabsoluteaccuracyHowever,thelatterrestsinsidethefeedbackloop,anditsgainandnonlinearityerrorsarereducedbytheloopgainOnecriticalfactortoconsideratthesystemlevelistheantialiasingrequirementNyquistrateADCsneedhighorderantialiasingfilterswhenoperatedatclosetotheNyquistratewhileCT†modulatorsneednoantialiasingatallThespeedadvantageofthepipelinedADCoverthe†modulatorhasalwaysbeenbyafactorofto,butthegapwasquicklynarrowedastechnologywasscaledAgoodexampleisthefirstdigitallycalibratedMSs,bADCproduct(MAX)overtakenbytheBSSongFigPipelinevsCT†modulatorPipelineMDACCTModulatorResidueampinopenloopIntegratorinfeedbackHighopampgainLowopampgainGainerrorNogainerrorReducedbyresiduegainReducedbyloopgainDACmismatcherrorDACmismatcherrorAbsolutesettlingLinearsettlingTolerableoffsetOffsetincorrectionrangeAntialiasingfilterNoantialiasingfilterΔΣ†ADCItalsohappenedearlierinswhenthe†modulatorreplacedtheselfcalibratedSARasaudiocodersEventoday,thesamecompetitionbetweenthepipelinedADCandthe†modulatorstillcontinuesThecommonthemeinthiscompetitionforthebestisnowcalibrationTheCT†modulatoralsoneedscalibrationastheoversamplingratioisloweredto–approachingtheNyquistrateforhighspeedoperationAllearliercalibrationwasdoneintheanalogdomainalthoughmeasurederrorswerestoreddigitallyAnefforttoperformtheerrorsubtractioninthedigitaldomainledtothedigitalcalibrationconcept,,buterrormeasurementswerestillperformedinaseparatemeasurementcycleThetermsuchasforegroundorbackgroundisuseddependingonhowtheerrormeasurementisperformed–Thelatestbackgrounderrormeasurementtechniquehasevolvedintoaverysophisticatedone,calledPNditheringThePNsequenceisapseudorandombinarypulsesequencewithanequalprobabilityoforoveralongsampleperiodItwasusedforthepulsemodulationfortheradarjammingduringtheWorldWarII,andalsoforthemilitarysecuritycommunicationsknownasSpreadSpectrumandGlobalPositioningSystem,whicharenowwellknownascommercialsystemssuchasCDMAandGPSThefirstexampleofusingthePNsequencetoenhancetheADCresolutionwastodithertheADCforlowDNL,a

类似资料

该用户的其他资料

Design Of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits.pdf

Design Of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits中文翻译.pdf

Device Electronics for Integrated Circuit 3rd Edition.pdf

Spartan3系列配置电路.pdf

Buck电路分析.pdf

职业精品

精彩专题

结婚彩礼真有那么重要吗?

原创于西周而后沿袭至今的彩礼,虽然被一部分家长奉为圭臬,但越来越多的年轻人对结婚必须要彩礼不以为然。彩礼引发的社会矛盾越来越受到关注,结婚是自己的事,如人饮水冷暖自知,至于要不要彩礼或者要多少彩礼,因人而异,因财力而已,不可一概而论。

用户评论

0/200
    暂无评论
上传我的资料

精选资料

热门资料排行换一换

  • Kristeva - Forei…

  • 中国政法大学法律古籍整理研究所编…

  • 蔡义江:论红楼梦.pdf

  • 敝帚集:冯其庸论.pdf

  • 蔡义江:红楼梦诗.pdf

  • 分析化学手册 (第二版).pdf

  • 以色列特种部队体能训练特点及启示…

  • Kristeva and the…

  • Kristeva-Word-Di…

  • 资料评价:

    / 351
    所需积分:1 立即下载

    意见
    反馈

    返回
    顶部