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首页 国际篮联篮球规则

国际篮联篮球规则.pdf

国际篮联篮球规则

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2012-05-30 0人阅读 0 0 0 暂无简介 举报

简介:本文档为《国际篮联篮球规则pdf》,可适用于人文社科领域

OfficialBasketballRulesAsapprovedbyFIBACentralBoardRiodeJaneiro,Brazil,thAprilValidasofstOctoberAprilPageofOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESTableofcontentsTableofdiagramsRULEONE–THEGAMEArtDefinitionsRULETWO–COURTANDEQUIPMENTArtCourtArtEquipmentRULETHREETEAMSArtTeamsArtPlayers:InjuryArtCaptain:DutiesandpowersArtCoaches:DutiesandpowersRULEFOURPLAYINGREGULATIONSArtPlayingtime,tiedscoreandextraperiodsArtBeginningandendofaperiodorthegameArtStatusoftheballArtLocationofaplayerandanofficialArtJumpballandalternatingpossessionArtHowtheballisplayedArtControloftheballArtPlayerintheactofshootingArtGoal:WhenmadeanditsvalueArtThrowinArtTimeoutArtSubstitutionArtGamelostbyforfeitArtGamelostbydefaultRULEFIVEVIOLATIONSArtViolationsArtPlayeroutofboundsandballoutofboundsArtDribblingArtTravellingArtThreesecondsArtCloselyguardedplayerArtEightsecondsArtTwentyfoursecondsArtBallreturnedtothebackcourtArtGoaltendingandInterferenceRULESIXFOULSArtFoulsArtContact:GeneralprinciplesArtPersonalfoulArtDoublefoulArtUnsportsmanlikefoulArtDisqualifyingfoulArtTechnicalfoulArtFightingOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESTableofcontentsAprilPageofRULESEVENGENERALPROVISIONSArtFivefoulsbyaplayerArtTeamfouls:PenaltyArtSpecialsituationsArtFreethrowsArtCorrectableerrorsRULEEIGHTOFFICIALS,TABLEOFFICIALS,COMMISSIONER:DUTIESANDPOWERSArtOfficials,tableofficialsandcommissionerArtReferee:DutiesandpowersArtOfficials:DutiesandpowersArtScorerandassistantscorer:DutiesArtTimer:DutiesArtTwentyfour()secondclockoperator:DutiesAOFFICIALS’SIGNALSBTHESCORESHEETCPROTESTPROCEDUREDCLASSIFICATIONOFTEAMSETELEVISION(TV)TIMEOUTSINDEXTOTHERULESTABLEOFDIAGRAMSDiagramFullsizeplayingcourtDiagramRestrictedareaDiagramTwopointThreepointfieldgoalareaDiagramScorer'stableandsubstitutionchairsDiagramCylinderprincipleDiagramPlayers'positionsduringfreethrowsDiagramOfficials'signalsDiagramScoresheetDiagramTopofthescoresheetDiagramTeamsonthescoresheetDiagramRunningscoreDiagramSummingupDiagramBottomofthescoresheetAprilPageofOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESRuleOne–ThegameThroughouttheOfficialBasketballRules,allreferencesmadetoaplayer,coach,official,etcinthemalegenderalsoapplytothefemalegenderItmustbeunderstoodthatthisisdoneforpracticalreasonsonlyRULEONE–THEGAMEArtDefinitionsBasketballgameBasketballisplayedbytwo()teamsoffive()playerseachTheaimofeachteamistoscoreintheopponents'basketandtopreventtheotherteamfromscoringThegameiscontrolledbyofficials,tableofficialsandacommissioner,ifpresentBasket:opponents'ownThebasketthatisattackedbyateamistheopponents'basketandthebasketwhichisdefendedbyateamistheteam'sownbasketWinnerofagameTheteamthathasscoredthegreaternumberofpointsattheendofplayingtimeshallbethewinnerRULETWO–COURTANDEQUIPMENTArtCourtPlayingcourtTheplayingcourtshallhaveaflat,hardsurfacefreefromobstructions(Diagram)withdimensionsoftwentyeight()minlengthbyfifteen()minwidthmeasuredfromtheinneredgeoftheboundarylineBackcourtAteam'sbackcourtconsistsofitsteam'sownbasket,theinboundspartofthebackboardandthatpartoftheplayingcourtlimitedbytheendlinebehindtheteam'sownbasket,thesidelinesandthecentrelineFrontcourtAteam'sfrontcourtconsistsoftheopponents'basket,theinboundspartofthebackboardandthatpartoftheplayingcourtlimitedbytheendlinebehindtheopponents'basket,thesidelinesandtheinneredgeofthecentrelinenearesttotheopponents'basketLinesAlllinesshallbedrawninwhitecolour,five()cminwidthandclearlyvisibleOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESRuleTwo–CourtandequipmentAprilPageofBoundarylineTheplayingcourtshallbelimitedbytheboundaryline,consistingoftheendlinesandthesidelinesTheselinesarenotpartoftheplayingcourtAnyobstructionincludingseatedteambenchpersonnelshallbeatleasttwo()mfromtheplayingcourtCentreline,centrecircleandfreethrowsemicirclesThecentrelineshallbemarkedparalleltotheendlinesfromthemidpointsofthesidelinesItshallextendmbeyondeachsidelineThecentrelineispartofthebackcourtThecentrecircleshallbemarkedinthecentreoftheplayingcourtandhavearadiusofmmeasuredtotheouteredgeofthecircumferenceIftheinsideofthecentrecircleispainted,itmustbethesamecolourastherestrictedareasThefreethrowsemicirclesshallbemarkedontheplayingcourtwitharadiusofmmeasuredtotheouteredgeofthecircumferenceandwiththeircentresatthemidpointsofthefreethrowlines(Diagram)Freethrowlines,restrictedareasandfreethrowreboundplacesThefreethrowlineshallbedrawnparalleltoeachendlineItshallhaveitsfurthestedgemfromtheinneredgeoftheendlineandshallbemlongItsmidpointshalllieontheimaginarylinejoiningthemidpointsofthetwo()endlinesTherestrictedareasshallbetherectangularareasmarkedontheplayingcourtlimitedbytheendlines,theextendedfreethrowlinesandthelineswhichoriginateattheendlines,theirouteredgesbeingmfromthemidpointsoftheendlinesandterminatingattheouteredgeoftheextendedfreethrowlinesTheselines,excludingtheendlines,arepartoftherestrictedareaTheinsideoftherestrictedareasmustbepaintedinonecolourFreethrowreboundplacesalongtherestrictedareas,reservedforplayersduringfreethrows,shallbemarkedasinDiagramThreepointfieldgoalareaTheteam'sthreepointfieldgoalarea(DiagramandDiagram)shallbetheentirefloorareaoftheplayingcourt,exceptfortheareaneartheopponents'basket,limitedbyandincluding:•Two()parallellinesextendingfromandperpendiculartotheendline,withtheouteredgemfromtheinneredgeofthesidelines•Anarcofradiusmmeasuredfromthepointonthefloorbeneaththeexactcentreoftheopponents'baskettotheouteredgeofthearcThedistanceofthepointonthefloorfromtheinneredgeofthemidpointoftheendlineismThearcisjoinedtotheparallellinesThethreepointlineisnotpartofthethreepointfieldgoalareaAprilPageofOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESRuleTwo–CourtandequipmentDiagramFullsizeplayingcourtOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESRuleTwo–CourtandequipmentAprilPageofTeambenchareasTheteambenchareasshallbemarkedoutsidetheplayingcourtlimitedbytwo()linesasshowninDiagramTheremustbefourteen()seatsavailableintheteambenchareafortheteambenchpersonnelwhichconsistsofthecoaches,theassistantcoaches,thesubstitutes,theexcludedplayersandtheteamfollowersAnyotherpersonsshallbeatleasttwo()mbehindtheteambenchThrowinlinesThetwo()linesofminlengthshallbemarkedoutsidetheplayingcourtatthesidelineoppositethescorer’stable,withtheouteredgeofthelinesmfromtheinneredgeofthenearestendlineNochargesemicircleareasThenochargesemicirclelinesshallbemarkedontheplayingcourt,limitedby:•AsemicirclewiththeradiusofmmeasuredfromthepointonthefloorbeneaththeexactcentreofthebaskettotheinneredgeofthesemicircleThesemicircleisjoinedto:•Two()parallellinesperpendiculartotheendline,theinneredgemfromthepointonthefloorbeneaththeexactcentreofthebasket,minlengthandendingmfromtheinneredgeoftheendlineThenochargesemicircleareasarecompletedbyimaginarylinesjoiningtheendsoftheparallellinesdirectlybelowthefrontedgesofthebackboardsThenochargesemicirclelinesarenotpartofthenochargesemicircleareasmDiagramRestrictedareaAprilPageofOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESRuleTwo–CourtandequipmentDiagramTwopointThreepointfieldgoalareaPositionofthescorer'stableandsubstitutionchairs(Diagram)=Twentyfour()secondclockoperator=Timer=Commissioner,ifpresent=Scorer=AssistantscorerPlayingcourtTeambenchareaSubstitutionchairsSubstitutionchairsTeambenchareaΧΧΧΧScorer'stableThescorer'stableanditschairsmustbeplacedonaplatformTheannouncerandorstatisticians(ifpresent)canbeseatedatthesideofandorbehindthescorer’stableDiagramScorer'stableandsubstitutionchairsOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESRuleTwo–CourtandequipmentAprilPageofArtEquipmentThefollowingequipmentwillberequired:•Backstopunits,consistingof:▬Backboards▬Basketscomprising(pressurerelease)ringsandnets▬Backboardsupportstructuresincludingpadding•Basketballs•Gameclock•Scoreboard•Twentyfour()secondclock•Stopwatchorsuitable(visible)device(notthegameclock)fortimingtimeouts•Two()separate,distinctlydifferentandloudsoundsignals•Scoresheet•Playerfoulmarkers•Teamfoulmarkers•Alternatingpossessionarrow•Playingfloor•Playingcourt•AdequatelightingForamoredetaileddescriptionofbasketballequipment,seeAppendixonBasketballEquipmentAprilPageofOFFICIALBASKETBALLRULESRuleThreeTeamsRULETHREETEAMSArtTeamsDefinitionAteammemberiseligibletoplaywhenhehasbeenauthorisedtoplayforateamaccordingtotheregulations,includingregulationsgoverningagelimits,oftheorganisingbodyofthecompetitionAteammemberisentitledtoplaywhenhisnamehasbeenenteredonthescoresheetbeforethestartofthegameandaslongashehasneitherbeendisqualifiednorcommittedfive()foulsDuringplayingtime,ateammemberis:•Aplayerwhenheisontheplayingcourtan

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