Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
What exactly is a lie? Is it anything we say which we know is untrue? Or is it something more than that? For example, suppose a friend wants to borrow some money from you. You say “I wish I could help you but I’m short of money myself.” In fact, you are not short of money but your friend is in the habit of not paying his debt and you don’t want to hurt his feelings by reminding him of this. Is this rally a lie?
Professor Jerald Jellison of the University of Southern California has made a scientific study of lying. (76)According to him, women are better liars than men, particularly when telling a “white lie”, such as when a woman at a party tells another woman that she likes her dress when she really thinks it looks awful. However, this is only one side of the story. Other researchers say that men are more likely to tell more serious lies, such as making a promise which they have no intension of fulfilling. This is the kind of lie politicians and businessmen are supposed to be particularly skilled at: the lie from which the liar hopes to profit or gain in some way.
Research has also been done into the way people’s behavior changes in a number of small, apparently unimportant ways when they lie. It has been found that if they are sitting down at the time, they tend to move about in their chairs more than usual. To the trained observer they are saying “I wish I were somewhere else now.” They also tend to touch certain parts of the face more often, in particular the nose. One explanation of this may be that lying causes a slight increase in blood pressure. The tip of the nose is very sensitive to such changes and the increased pressures make it itch.
Another gesture which gives liars away is what the writer Desmond Morris in his book Manwatching calls “the mouth cover”.(77)He says there are several typical forms of this, such as covering part of the mouth with the fingers, touching the upper-lip or putting a finger of the hand at one side of the mouth. Such a gesture can be understood as an unconscious attempt on the part of the liar to stop himself or herself from lying.
Of course, such gestures as rubbing the nose or covering the mouth, or moving about in a chair cannot be taken as proof that the speaker is lying. They simply tend to occur more frequently in this situation. It is not one gesture alone that gives the liar away but a whole number of things, and in particular the context in which the lie is told.
1. According to the passage, a “white lie” seems to be a lie
A. that other people believe
B. that other people don’t believe
C. told in order to avoid offending someone
D. told in order to take advantage of someone
2. Research suggests that women
A. are better at telling less serious lies than men are
B. generally lie far more than men do
C. lie at parties more often than men do
D. often make promises they intend to break
3. Researchers find that when a person tells lies
A. his blood pressure increases measurably
B. he looks very serious
C. he tends to make some small changes in his behavior
D. he uses his unconscious mind
4. One reason people sometimes rub their noses when they lie is that
A. they wish they were somewhere else
B. the nose is sensitive to physical changes caused by lying
C. they want to cover their mouths
D. they are trying to stop themselves from telling lies
5. The tone of this passage tells us that the writer
A. hates to lie
B. enjoys lying
C. often tells a lie
D. tries to analyze lying
Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage.
(78) Let children learn to judge their own work. A child learning to talk does not learn by being corrected all the time: if corrected too much, he will stop talking. He notices a thousand times a day the difference between the language he uses and the language those around him use. Bit by bit, he makes the necessary changes to make his language like other people’s. In the same way, children learning to do all the other things they learn to do without being taught—to walk, run, climb, whistle, ride a bicycle—compare their own performances with those of more skilled people, and slowly make the needed changes. But in school we never give a child a chance to find out his mistakes and correct them for himself. We do it all for him. We act as if we thought that he would never notice a mistake unless it was pointed out to him, or correct it unless he was made to. Let him work out, with the help of other children if he wants it, what his word says, what the answer is to that problem, whether this is a good way of saying or doing this or not.
If it is a matter of right answers, as it may be in mathematics or science, give him the answer book. Let him correct his own papers. Why should we teachers waste time on such routine work? Our job should be to help the child when he tells that he can’t find the way to get the right answer. Let the children learn what all educated persons must some day learn, how to measure their own understanding, how to know what they know or do not know.
6. According to the passage, which of the following is the best way for children to learn things?
A. Listening to skilled people’s advice.B. Asking older people many questions.
C. Making mistakes and having them corrected.D. Doing what other people do.
7. The writer think teachers should NOT .
A. give children correct answers B. allow children to make mistakes
C. point out children’s mistakes to them D. let children mark their own work
8. According to the writer, teachers in school should .
A. allow children to learn from each otherB. point out children’s mistakes whenever found
C. correct children’s mistakes as soon as possibleD. give children more book knowledge
9. According to the passage, learning to speak and learning to ride a bicycle are .
A. different from learning other skills B. the same as learning other skills
C. more important than other skills D. not really important skills
10. The title of this passage could probably be .
A. Let Us Teachers Stop WorkB. Let Us Make Children Learn
C. Let Children Correct Their ExercisesD. Let Children Learn By Themselves
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
(79) John had bought a packet of cigarettes just before we caught the train and he offered me one as we settled ourselves in our compartment. We were on our way back from a camping holiday；we had lived rough for over a fortnight and even a cigarette was a luxury at that moment.
I felt in my pocket for a box of matches, but could not find any.
“I haven’t got any either,” said John.
Sitting opposite to us was a man whose face was hidden by a newspaper.
“Excuse me, sir,” said John, leaning across. “Could you give me a light, please?”
The newspaper was lowered to reveal a rather elderly man with a stern face.
“This is a no smoking compartment,” the man said. He indicated the notice near the window. We apologized and put away our unlit cigarettes.
(80) The man went on, in a rather more kindly way, to warn us against the dangers of smoking.
“I speak as a doctor,” he concluded, and after that he went back to reading his newspaper.
When he got out a few stations later, he left his newspaper behind him. We picked it up, eager to find out what had happened while we were on holiday.
“Just look at this,” remarked John, pointing to a photograph. “it’s the man who was sitting opposite us.” Underneath the photograph was an account of a lunatic (精神病者) who had recently escaped. It appeared that he liked to pretend to be a doctor.
11.The friends had spent their holiday ______.
A. on a boat B. in a tent C. on a farm D. with an aunt
12. Their holiday had lasted ______.
A. more than two weeks B. just two weeks
C. less than two weeks D. a week or two
13. The man ______.
A. threw his newspaper awayB. offered them his newspaper
C. dropped his newspaperD. did not take his newspaper with him
14. The two friends read the newspaper ______.
A. in a hurry B. with great interest C. to pass the time D. to look at the pictures
15. The man’s photograph was in the newspaper because he was ______.
A. a doctor B. a spaceman C. a madman D. an actor
Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (30%)
Directions: In this part, there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
16. the fact that the area had been hit by the severest drought in twenty years, a fairly good harvest was gathered in.
A. In spite B. Despite C. In spite that D. Despite of
17. I objected the meeting without him.
A. to have B. to having C. having D. have
18. There was no sense him to come early since everything was ready.
A. to ask B. to have asked C. in asking D. being asking
19. her inexperience, she has done quite a good job.
A. Provided B. Given C. Seen D. Suppose
20. The movie star with your sister, didn’t he?
A. was used to dance B. used to dancing C. used to dance D. was used to dancing
21. Every means since then.
A. has been trying B. have been trying C. have been tried D. has been tried
22. “I’d like to buy an expensive camera.”
“Well, we have several models for you .”
A. to be chosen from B. of choice C. to choose from D. for choosing
23. The picture reminds me the time we spent together in New York.
A. of B. in C. for D. to
24. I owe you some money. Let me pay you now.
A. back B. for C. in D. to
25. Alone in a deserted house, he was so busy with his research work that he
A. nothing but B. anything but C. all but D. everything but
26. , the new electronic device they designed is now in regular operation.
A. With the solved problem B. With this problem being solved
C. With the problem solved D. With this problem to solve
27. We are looking forward to to the lecture by the famous professor.
A. send B. be sent C. being sent D. sending
28. I suddenly realized that he was trying to quarrelling with me.
A. consider B. enjoy C. avoid D. prevent
29. It was not a serious accident; our car needs only some repairs.
A. major B. secondary C. minor D. primary
30. We’ve sugar. Ask Mrs. Jones to lend us some.
A. run away with B. run down C. run off D. run out of
31. It is necessary that an efficient worker his work on time.
A. accomplishes B. can accomplish C. accomplish D. has accomplished
32. Mother insisted that .
A. they are to be back before nine in the evening
B. they ought to be back before nine in the evening
C. they be back before nine in the evening
D. they had to be back before nine in the evening
33. can be judged from her eyes, she has no personal hostility to us.
A. It B. As C. Which D. That
34. The politician urged that all citizens to the polls on election day.
A. had gone B. went C. must go D. go
35. No one doubts he is the best leader in the company.
A. whether B. if C. what D. that
36. Frankly speaking, I’d rather you anything about it for the time being.
A. didn’t do B. haven’t C. didn’t D. have done
37. Henry looked very much when he was caught cheating in the biology exam.
A. discouraged B. embarrassed C. disappointed D. bewildered
38. The Anti-Japanese War in 1937 and it eight years.
A. was broken out; lasted B. broke out; lasted
C. broke; remained D. had been broken out; kept
39. Hardly had he finished his speech the audience started cheering.
A. then B. when C. than D. as
40. The child was immediately after supper.
A. so tired that he went to bed B. enough tired to go to be
C. too tired to go to bed D. very tired, he went to bed
41. I did not choose any of the three ways, because I found satisfactory.
A. neither of them B. either of them C. none of them D. none of it
42. How we a chance to visit your great country!
A. looked for B. longed for C. waited for D. went for
43. Don’t to let me know if there is anything I can do for you.
A. reject B. prevent C. hesitate D. refuse
44. Children shouldn’t leave their toys on the floor. They should .
A. put out them B. put off them C. put them away D. put them off
45. The traveler brought back some of the rocks from the mountains.
A. samples B. specimens C. selections D. examples
Part III Identification (10%)
Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked A, B, C and D. Identify the one that is not correct. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
46. If you take a ten-or fifteen-minutes vacation into the realm of imagination each
A B C
day, you may add much to the excitement and enjoyment of your life.
47. Susan, together with her husband and two sons, are to arrive on the evening flight.
A B C D
48. Only in this way we can win the match.
A B C D
49. Scientists and economists believe that human being can never use away all the
A B C
mineral resources on Earth.
50. When I got to the cinema, the film had already started; I ought to get there earlier.
A B C D
51. Einstein’s relativity theory is the only one what can explain such phenomena.
A B C D
52. I can’t help to think it would be fun to play such an exciting game with them.
A B C D
53. Riding on the swings (秋千) and playing with the ducks in the pond was our
children’s greatest pleasure when we took them to the park.
54. Paul suggested that they meet in the front of the school gate at one o’clock Friday
A B C D
55. Smith sold most of his belongings. He has hardly nothing left in the house.
A B C D
Part Ⅳ Cloze (10%)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage, and for each blank there are 4 choices marked A, B, C and D at the end of the passage. You should choose ONE answer that best fit into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Do you forget to turn off the lights and heaters when you go out of a room ? In 2040 it will not 56_ . They will turn themselves off—and on again when you return . A sensor will 57_ the presence of a human and turn the systems on , and when the humans 58_ it will turn them off again.
The sensors will work 59_ the central home computer , and they will do much more than just turn the fires and lights on and off for you . They will detect 60_ electrical appliances , plugs or switches , 61_ them so that they cannot harm anyone and then 62_ you that they need 63__ . They will detect fire and if you are out of the house , the computer will call the fire brigade . It will also call the police 64__ the sensors detect an intruder (闯入者) . This will not be too difficult 65__ the locks on the 66__ doors will be electronic . You will open them using your 67__ card —the one you use for 68__ —maybe using a number 69__ only to you .
The computer will be 70__ than a fireman-policeman servant . It will be an entertainer , and most of your 71__ will come 72__ into your home . It does now , 73__ by 2040”entertainment” will 74__ much more . For one thing , you will be able to take 75__ actively , rather than just watching …
56. A. matter B. function C. work D. mind
57. A. evaluate B. uncover C. detect D. expose
58. A. retire B. leave C. withdraw D. retreat
59. A. during B. in C.through D. between
60. A. displeasing B. unpleasant C. faulty D. mistaken
61. A. depart B. isolate C. divide D. break
62. A. warn B. tell C. persuade D. assure
63. A. mending B. reference C. separation D. repair
64. A. will B. should C. shall D. can
65. A. unless B. if C. when D. because
66. A. inside B. outside C. outstanding D. obvious
67. A. personal B. personnel C. particular D. general
68. A. hiring B. buying C. renewing D.shopping
69. A. realized B. adapted C. known D. informed
70. A. more B. much C. many D. fewer
71. A. achievements B. announcements C. improvement D. entertainment
72. A. only B. right C. correctly D. fast
73. A. but B. or C. other D. then
74. A. intend B. understand C. mean D. program
75. A. part B. place C. step D. action
Part Ⅴ Translation (20%)
Directions: In this part, there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the 3 passages you have just read in the part of Reading Comprehension. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.
76. According to him, women are better liars than men.
77. He says there are several typical forms of this, such as covering part of the mouth with the fingers, touching the upper-lip or putting a finger of the hand at one side of the mouth.
78. Let children learn to judge their own work.
79. John had bought a packet of cigarettes just before we caught the train and he offered me one as we settled ourselves in our compartment. (passage 1)
80. The man weat on, in a rather more kindly way, to warn us against the dangers of smoking. (passage 1)
Directions: In this part, there are five sentences in Chinese. You should translate them into English. Be sure to write clearly.
1. 【答案】C 本题考查的是考生对细节的把握，答案对应于文章第一、二段。第一段中“you don’t want to hurt his feelings by reminding him of this.”，第二段又用举例的方法解释了white lie的含义。这个例子就是“such as when a woman at a party tells another woman that she likes her dress when she really think it looks a